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Television was introduced in Finland in 1957, and digitalized in 2007-2008. All terrestrial analogue stations stopped broadcasting on 31 August 2007. Cable providers were allowed to continue analog broadcasting in their networks until 1 March 2008. Typically, foreign-language content is subtitled, retaining the original language soundtrack. Foreign programming intended for children is, however, usually dubbed into one of the national languages. Regardless of the intended audience, many shows receive a Finnish and/or Swedish title which is used in programme schedules.

Contents

Digital terrestrial

Digital terrestrial television was launched on August 21 2001. The analogue networks continued its broadcasts alongside the digital ones until September 1 2007, when they were shut down nationwide.

Before the analogue switchoff, the terrestrial network had three multiplexes: MUX A, MUX B and MUX C. MUX A contained the channels of the public broadcaster Yleisradio and MUX B was shared between the two commercial broadcasters: MTV3 and Nelonen. MUX C contained channels of various other broadcasters. After the analogue closedown, a fourth multiplex named MUX E was launched.

In addition the free-to-air broadcasts, two companies are providing encryption cards for pay television: Canal Digital and PlusTV. Canal Digital was the first to launch, originally only offering four Canal+ channels (the Disney Channel was added later on). PlusTV was launched in November 2006, originally only broadcasting MTV3 Max and Subtv Juniori (later on adding Subtv Leffa and Urheilu+kanava). Both packages got more channels with the launch of MUX E in September 2007: SVT Europa and MTV3 Fakta was added to PlusTV and KinoTV was added to Canal Digital, while Discovery Channel, Eurosport, MTV Finland and Nickelodeon were added to both packages.

September 2007 also saw the launch of the SveaTV package in Ostrobothnia which broadcasts Swedish language channels from a special multiplex.

On the digital platform, subtitling isn't a part of the video stream, but is delivered as a separate data stream, which allows subtitling in multiple languages and the option to remove subtitles. Due to technical problems with the subtitles, many people cancelled their television licenses. This meant that YLE had to make drastic budget cuts. The digital channel YLE Extra was closed on December 31, 2007 and was replaced by YLE TV1+, a simulcast of TV1 with subtitles included in the video stream. TV1+ is planned to be replaced by SVT Europa in September 2008.[1]

Cable

Analogue cable television were switched off in Finland on 1 March 2008. Finnish major cable operarors are DNA, Welho and TTV operating in Turku, Helsinki and Tampere areas. All paytv uses digital broadcasts, DVB-C set-top boxes have been available since 2001. Commercial HDTV-broadcasting has started even only small amount of program. Beyonwiz is making models of its popular HD PVR for Finnish market.

Satellite

Digital satellite television started in Nordic countries, and also in Finland, by Multichoice Nordic pay-TV platform during 1996. First set-top boxes available were manufactured by Nokia and Pace. After that service merged with Canal Digital which started late 1997. Competing paytv Viasat and YLE's channel TV Finland started digital broadcasts 1999.

Canal Digital launched some HDTV-channels, like Discovery HD, on their digital paytv-package during 2006. Pan-European HDTV-channel Euro1080 HD1 is available also in Finland [1]

Other technologies

After test period during 2005-2006, commercial mobile paytv service based on DVB-H standard will start in the beginning of 2007; among the services available will be Voice TV and Kiss digital radio.

Elisa is offering digital television on ADSL.

List of channels

All YLE channels are broadcast free-to-air, so are a few commercial ones including MTV3, Nelonen, Subtv, JIM, Urheilukanava and The Voice TV.

Most of the offer is the same throughout mainland Finland. There is however a local channel called Turku TV in the Turku area. This channel uses the space allocated to IskelmäTV Harju&Pöntinen, The Voice TV and Urheilu+kanava elsewhere. In Ostrobothnia there is an extra multiplex available which provides encrypted Swedish language channels.[2]

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State-owned (operated by YLE)

  • FST5 (Finlands Svenska Television) - programming in Swedish for the Swedish-speaking minority in Finland
  • YLE TV1 - mixture
  • YLE TV2 - news, sport, entertainment, children's programmes
  • YLE Teema - culture, science and education
  • Yleisradio is funded by a television license fee.

Commercial

  • JIM - Nelonen's additional programming, American series, interactive entertainment
  • LIV - Nelonen's additional programming, Lifestyle and document series
  • Nelonen - domestic series and international shows
  • MTV3 - feature films, series, domestic drama
  • Sub - imported series, cult series, old favourites, TV classics, domestic programmes
  • The Voice - music and entertainment
  • Urheilukanava - sports

Regional stations

Satellite channels

Pay-TV

Defunct stations

  • ATV - local Gonzo-journalistic cable-channel (Helsinki)
  • MoonTV - urban culture cable channel (biggest cities)
  • MTV3+ - additional programming, interactive entertainment
  • Nelonen Plus – replaced by JIM in February 2007
  • PTV - the predecessor of Nelonen (1989-1997)
  • TVTV! - the predecessor of SubTV
  • YLE24 - the news channel of YLE, discontinued in April 2007

See also

References

  1. ^ SVT Europa i hela Finland, Vasabladet, December 20, 2007
  2. ^ "SveaTV-kanalplatser". VLT. http://www.vlp.fi/index.php?sivu=sveatv-kanalplatserna. Retrieved 2007-12-22.  

External links

  • Ficora - Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority
  • Digita - Terrestrial Broadcast Operator
  • digitv.fi - Digital television information

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