Television in Spain: Wikis


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Television in Spain was introduced after World War II, in 1953.



The development of digital terrestrial television was very similar to the failure of ITV Digital in the United Kingdom. Digital terrestrial television was introduced in the country by the pay per view platform Quiero Television. In May 2002, state wide operators were required to start broadcasting in DVB-T. Yet, Quiero TV ceased transmissions in 2002 after a commercial failure. Unlike the UK, the three and half multiplexes left by the platform were not reassigned to other operators, and so 5 channels were squashed into a single multiplex.

On November 30, 2005, Digital Terrestrial Television was relaunched as a free service with 20 channels and 14 radio stations, along with 23 regional and local language channels in their respective areas. Currently about 80% of the population can receive TDT, and this figure is expected to reach 90% by the end of 2008. The channels are broadcasted simultaneously with the analog signal and each multiplex has a minimum of 4 channels each. Televisió de Catalunya - TVC and Aragón Televisión are using spare bandwidth in their own digital multiplex to broadcast test HD streams.


Digital cable is slowly replacing the aging analogue service of the major cable provider Ono. Telecable, a cable ISP operating in Asturias has begun trials for 100 mpbs services. A HDTV bouquet is planned to be launched after the end of the tests. R, a cable operator in Galicia, has completely switched pay TV to digital (DVB-C) by 2008 but free channels are simulcast as analog services, so users without a set-top box can watch them (including most free-to-air channels available on digital terrestrial TV in each location).


Digital satellite services has existed since 1997 from Astra and Hispasat satellites. The Digital+ pay platform has carried some HDTV tests on Astra 19.2°E in June 16, 2005. They consisted of some clips from Canal plus best known programs, such as "lo más +", "Las noticias del guiñol", "La hora wiki", and "Código Cine".

A high definition version of Canal+ (Canal+ HD) started in January, 29th 2008, and HD versions of Canal+ Deportes and Canal+ Dcine broadcast from Astra 1KR.


During 2007 Telefónica ran trials of VDSL services up to 52 Mbit/s - However, the results were not as good as expected. For this reason, Telefónica will use FTTH for future IPTV services.

List of television stations

Analogue and digital

  • TVE1: public service broadcasting network, with both public and commercial financing. Also known as La Uno (The One) or La Primera (The First)
  • TVE2: second nationwide public channel. Also known as La Dos (The Two).
  • Antena 3: One of the nation-wide private television networks that received a broadcasting licence in 1989. Antena 3 airs general programs such as news, movies, reality shows, sport events and quizzes.
  • Telecinco: one of the nation-wide private television networks that received broadcasting license in 1989. Telecinco airs general programs such as news, movies, reality shows, sport events and quizzes.
  • Cuatro: replaced Canal+ Spain after the end of its terrestrial analogue broadcast in November 7, 2005. Cuatro, founded by Sogecable, airs general programs such as news, movies, documentaries, reality shows, sport events and quizzes. In December 2009 it was merged with Telecinco.[1]
  • La Sexta: the last nation-wide private station, owned by the Mexican corporation Televisa and the Spanish production companies Mediapro, Mediapro is the real owner of the channel, Televisa has also a part of the stock. It started to broadcast in March 2006. It was born with some technical limits, since its analogue broadcast covered, at the most, 85% of the Spanish population.
  • And most regions of Spain ("Comunidad Autónoma") have their own public network service : Telemadrid in Madrid, Canal Sur in Andalusia, TVG Televisión de Galicia, TV3 in Catalonia, Canal 9 in Valencia, etc. Most of these channels (called "las autonómicas") are integrated in the FORTA ("Federación de Organismos de Radio Televisión Autonómicos").

Digital only

  • Canal 24 Horas: 24 hour news channel. Also on digital satellite & cable operators.
  • Clan TVE: children/teen channel. Also on digital satellite & cable operators.
  • Teledeporte: sports; also on digital satellite & cable operators.
  • Veo TV: general programs.
  • Sony Entertainment Television: joint VEO TV and Sony pictures channel.
  • Intereconomía: financial news
  • Tienda en VEO: shopping.
  • CNN+: 24 hour news channel. Also on digital satellite & cable operators.
  • 40 Latino: 24 hours Spanish music channel. Also on digital satellite & cable operators.
  • Canal Club: shopping.
  • Disney Channel: free Disney Channel.
  • FactoríaDeFicción: general entertainment, TV series and movies.
  • LaSiete: General programs.
  • CincoShop: shopping.
  • Antena.nova: lifestyle, TV series and movies.
  • Antena.neox: children/teen channel.
  • Gol Televisión: paying football channel.

By Autonomous community

  • Canary Islands
  • Cantabria
  • Castile and León
  • Castile-La Mancha
  • Madrid
  • Region of Murcia
  • Navarre
  • Valencian Community

Discontinued channels

Most-viewed channels

Monthly viewing shares on November 2009:[2]

Position Channel Group Share of total viewing (%)
1 TVE1 TVE 16.6
2 Telecinco Gestevisión Telecinco (Mediaset 40%, PRISA 18%) 15.2
3 Antena 3 Grupo Antena 3 13.8
4 Cuatro Gestevisión Telecinco (Mediaset 40%, PRISA 18%) 7.8
5 La Sexta Audiovisuales La Sexta 6.5
6 TVE2 TVE 3.6

See also


External links

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