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Gippsland Waratah
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Proteales
Family: Proteaceae
Genus: Telopea
Species: T. oreades
Binomial name
Telopea oreades
F.Muell.[1]

Telopea oreades (Gippsland Waratah or Victorian Waratah) is a large shrub or small tree from Australia in the family Proteaceae.[1][2]

Contents

Description

It grows to 12 metres high and has narrow-obovate to spathulate leaves, which are 11 to 28 cm long and 1.5 to 6 cm wide. Crimson flowers appear between October and December in its native range, the flowerheads comprising 36 to 60 individual flowers with green to pink bracts.[2][3] These are followed by leathery to woody fruits which are 5 to 7.5 cm long.[4]

Taxonomy

The Gippsland Waratah was first formally described by botanist Ferdinand von Mueller in 1861 in Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae, from material collected from Nungatta Creek.[1]

Distribution and habitat

It occurs in moist forests of coastal ranges and tableland escarpments in East Gippsland in Victoria, north to the Monga Valley near Braidwood, New South Wales.[2] Plants in Victoria are found at altitudes ranging from 200 metres in Lind National Park to 1300 metres on Mount Ellery.[4]

The species is known to produce hybrids with Telopea monganensis.[2]

Cultivation

A selected white-flowered form from the Errinundra Plateau, which was originally known as 'Plateau View Alba' or 'Plateau View White' was registered by the Australian Cultivar Registration Authority in 1990 as 'Errindundra White'.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Telopea oreades". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. http://www.anbg.gov.au/cgi-bin/apni?TAXON_NAME=Telopea+oreades. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Telopea oreades". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&lvl=sp&name=Telopea~oreades. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  3. ^ Cochrane, G.R., Fuhrer, B.A., Rotherdam, E.M., Simmons, J.& M. and Willis, J.H. (1980). Flowers and Plants of Victoria and Tasmania. A.H. & A.W. Reed. ISBN 0589502565. 
  4. ^ a b Corrick, M.G. and Fuhrer, B.A. (2001). Wildflowers of Victoria and adjoining areas. Australia: Bloomings Books. ISBN 1876473142. 
  5. ^ "Telopea 'Errinundra White'". Australian Cultivar Registration Authority. http://www.anbg.gov.au/acra/descriptions/acc403.html. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
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