Teluk Intan: Wikis

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Teluk Intan

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Teluk Intan is located in Malaysia
Teluk Intan
Coordinates: 4°2′N 101°1′E / 4.033°N 101.017°E / 4.033; 101.017
Country Malaysia
State Perak
District Hilir Perak
Government
 - Type Municipality
 - Mayor Zainal Ariffin
Area
 - Total 126.9 km2 (49 sq mi)
Population (2000)
 - Total 108,126
 Density 852/km2 (2,206.7/sq mi)
Postal code 36000
Area code(s) 05
Website www.mpti.gov.my

Teluk Intan is a town located in the state of Perak in Malaysia. It is the largest town in Hilir Perak district and third largest town in the state of Perak with an estimated population of around 110,000.

In the early days, the town was known as Teluk Mak Intan, after a female Mandailing trader. It was here that the Perak rulers held court from 1528 until Kuala Kangsar became the royal town in 1877.[1]

During the British protectorate era, the named was changed to Teluk Anson (Anson Bay), in honour of a British Officer and last Lieutenant-Governor of Penang, Major-General Sir Archibald Edward Harbord Anson who drew the plan of the modern township in 1882.

In 1982 during the centenary of the town's establishment, the name was changed again to Teluk Intan (Diamond Bay) by the Sultan of Perak. The town has a number of colonial buildings and Chinese shophouses together with modern buildings and a few shopping complexes.

Contents

Geography

The town was founded on the river bank of the Perak River. The river forms an oxbow meander as it flows through the town, and the town is built around the oxbow. During high-tides, some parts of the town will be flooded with water even though there are watergates and banks to protect the town. Various measures taken by the government to solve the problem have seen relatively few floods in Teluk Intan nowadays. There has been speculation that the river's flow will erode the narrow neck of land in between the loops of the meander effectively turning Teluk Intan into an island.

The town is on Malaysia Federal Route 58 (Jalan Changkat Jong and Jalan Maharaja Lela), 151 (Jalan Sultan Abdullah) and 147 (Jalan Padang Tembak).

History

The area around Teluk Intan was originally populated by refugees from the Malacca Sultanate who were part of the entourage of the Raja Muzaffar Shah, the eldest son of the last Sultan of Melaka, Sultan Mahmud Shah. Upon fleeing the Portuguese conquest of Melaka in 1511, a new kingdom was established on the banks of the Perak River near what is now Teluk Intan, and the court remained there until its relocation to Kuala Kangsar in the northern part of the state later in the 19th century.

This legacy can be seen in the choice of Teluk Intan as the location where the official residences of the Raja Muda (Crown Prince) and Raja di Hilir (4th in line of succession to the Perak throne) of Perak under the reign of Sultan Idris Shah. The town is one of four towns that play a role in Perak's complex ruler succession system. According to the system, a crown prince stayed at Teluk Intan Palace before entering the next stage of becoming Raja Bendahara (Prime Prince). Only after becoming Raja Bendahara will he proceed to be Raja Muda (Crown Prince) and then Sultan of Perak.

This succession system was changed by the present Sultan, Sultan Azlan Shah just before he was appointed the Yang Dipertuan Agong. His son is now Raja Muda and does not live in Teluk Intan. The former palace is located just outside the town, and has fallen into disrepair.

The town of Teluk Intan developed around a few small villages in the location, such as Durian Sebatang, Pasir Bedamar, and Batak Rabit. A plan to build a township linking the few villages was drawn up by Sir Archibald Anson during the late 19th century, and the township was named after him in 1882. Teluk Intan developed into a port, and many agricultural products and tin were exported from it. The fourth railway track in Malaya was built connecting Tapah and Teluk Intan, showing the port town's importance during the British protectorate age.

Teluk Intan was also home to the meeting between Raja Abdullah, Dato' Maharajalela and other Malay chieftains who plotted to kill J. W. W. Birch, the first British Resident of Perak. The meeting was held in Durian Sebatang. Birch was later killed in Pasir Salak while bathing in the river.

The last major engagement during the Malayan Emergency was fought in the marshes near Teluk Intan in 1958, and ended with the surrender of the local Malayan Races Liberation Army forces to government forces.

By the early 1980s the town was the third largest town in Perak. Teluk Intan served as the major administrative and business settlement for smaller neighbouring towns such as Tapah, Bidor, Bagan Datoh and Hutan Melintang. Until the mid 1990's Sabak Bernam, a town in the neighbouring state of Selangor, also dependeded on Teluk Intan for most of their basic services. Even their telephone area code was registered using Perak's area code of +605 instead of +603 that is used in Selangor. Acute medical cases would be transferred to Teluk Intan District Hospital as their hospital did not have the equipment or expertise.

As the Perak River became shallower each year due to upstream erosion and silt deposition near Teluk Intan, the town lost its two most important roles in Perak's economy which was being an export harbour for tin and rubber and as a petroleum distribution centre for Shell Malaysia. This is because big oil tankers and cargo ships were no longer able to sail into the town's port. By the end of the 1980s, Shell Malaysia transferred their petroleum storing facilities to the coastal town of Lumut in Manjung, located 60km from Teluk Intan. As the economic activity declined, it also lost its railway facilities which connected the town with Tapah and the national railway network.

During the 1990s, economic activities in Teluk Intan continued to decline. This situation forced the younger generation to migrate to bigger cities such as Ipoh, Kuala Lumpur, Klang and Shah Alam in search of better jobs. Ironically this caused the town to suffer a shortage in labour supply especially in the agriculture sector, resulting in an increase of migrant workers from Indonesia and Bangladesh.

With the development of a new town centre along with the completion of new coastal highway from Klang to Sabak Bernam in late 1999, Teluk Intan began to enjoy a resurgence in its economic activity. In April 2004, the town was made the fourth municipality (having upgraded to Municipal Council status, or Majlis Perbandaran) in Perak after Ipoh, Taiping and Manjung.

Main economic activities

The main economic activities in Teluk Intan are oil palm cultivation and palm oil production. There are many big corporations owning plantations around Teluk Intan, such as:

Being the major town in Hilir Perak and nearby smaller townships, Teluk Intan attracts shoppers from the surrounding area. Shopping centres, shops, and educational institutions bring many people to Teluk Intan weekly.

There are also a few big companies in Teluk Intan such as Mah Hock Cheong (properties and plantations), Caelygirl (undergarment manufacturer), Nyok Lan Garments (Owner of Modernform, undergarment manufacturer), Central Aluminium and Shoon Fatt Confectionery (biscuits).

There are currently 3 major departmental stores and supermarkets in Teluk Intan, namely Giant in Jalan Changkat Jong,The Store in Jalan Ah Cheong and Billion in Jalan Mahkota. Two shopping complexes, Kompleks Aik Aik at the Jalan Mahkota and Jalan Ah Cheong intersection as well as Kompleks Menara Condong facing the Leaning Tower are also main attractions among shoppers in the town.

Places of interest

Leaning Tower of Teluk Intan
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Leaning Tower of Teluk Intan

One of the town attractions is a Leaning Tower erected in 1885 by a Chinese builder, Mr. Leong Choon Cheong. It started to tilt four years after its construction finished due to an underground stream. The tower was originally used as a water tower supplying the area of the town. It had a clock at the top, which still rings every 15 minutes. The tower also served as a beacon to guide ships into Teluk Intan Port. Currently it is a local tourist attraction, and no longer stores water. The area around the tower was paved with bricks and became a plaza. The main street at the centre of Teluk Intan, Jalan Ah Cheong, is named after Leong Choon Cheong to commemorate his contribution.

GPS Coordinates: 4°1.544′N, 101°1.133′E

Batu Tenggek (War Memorial)

Memorial Stone

Another attraction is the 'Batu Tenggek' (Sitting Boulder) which is situated at a junction in the town centre. The rock was believed to be placed by a British soldier and was a size of a matchbox. Over the years, the small rock grew bigger until it reached the size of a boulder. Upon closer inspection, crystal-like substances can be seen throughout the rock's surface. As crystals have expanding properties, this might explain the growing nature of the stone. This boulder is now part of a local war memorial built to commemorate World War I and World War II. The plaque on the memorial carries a line from Laurence Binyon's famous poem, "For the Fallen":

At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them

Hock Soon Temple

There is also a famous temple complex in Teluk Intan, known as Hock Soon Keong (Hock Soon Temple). The origins of the temple are unknown, while the main temple building (not the original one) was constructed in 1883, as indicated by a legend painted on the building. Hock Soon Temple was the centerpoint of all Hokkien Chinese in Teluk Intan during the British colonial era. The local Hokkien people would congregate at the temple to solve all problems, from giving aid to the poor to solving fights between clans. The local Hokkien people used to select three local Hokkiens, usually businessmen and famous men to settle their problems. The temple was built with Southern Chinese architecture, the most notable feature being the beautifully decorated upturned eaves. There is also a century old mosque just opposite the temple, which is frequently mentioned as a typical depiction of religious harmony in Malaysia.

Sri Subramaniam Temple

The temple is popularly called 'Perak Thendayuthapani Temple'. Construction of the temple began in 1926. Financial support was provided by the Nattukottai Chettiars (also known as the Nagarathars), a prominent mercantile community with origins in Tamil Nadu, India.

The most prominent festival held at this temple is the Chitra Pournami during the Tamil month of Chithrai (April-May). The Chitra Pournami festival lasts three days. On the third day of the festival (the day of Pournami, full moon), the Silver Chariot (Velli Ratham) is taken in procession. The procession's route usually covers the entire old town of Teluk Intan.

The temple is managed by the Nagarathars of seven towns including Teluk Intan, Tapah, Kampar, Bidor, Sitiawan and Lumut. They make donations annually at festival time. The day to day management of the temple is entrusted to three Nagarathar families, who hold office in 57, 59 and 61, Jalan Bandar.

This temple is one of eighteen constructed by the Nattukottai Chettiars in Malaysia.

Sungai Kerawai Halt

Another attraction is the Sungai Kerawai Halt where the first train crash in Malaya occurred on July 1888.

Education

Being one of the principal towns in the Lower Perak district, Teluk Intan has over 100 primary schools [2] and more than 20 secondary schools [3]. Schools in established prior to the Independence of Malaya in 1957 include:

  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Horley Methodist (1899)
Established as the Government Tamil School, the school was handed over to the Methodist Church in 1901 and renamed the Anglo-Tamil School. The school was renamed again as the Anglo-Chinese School in 1904. The current name was adopted in 1963. [4]
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Convent (1919)
Established as the St. Agnes School, the administration of the school was handed over to the Sisters of the Holy Infant Jesus in 1926 and was renamed as the Convent School. [5]
  • San Min Schools (1929)
Established with the merger of the Wah Keow Primary School, Phooi Yong Primary School and the Anson Girl's School, the school was divided into two separate institutions in 1962 when the Education Act 1961 was passed by the Parliament [6]
Grant-in-aid school using the Malay language as the language of instruction
  • Sekolah Menengah San Min (SUWA)
Chinese Independent High School using the Chinese language as the language of instruction
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan St. Anthony (1932)
Established as a parish school adjoining the Roman Catholic St. Anthony's Church, the administration of the school was taken over by the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools or the Lasallian Brothers in 1947 as part of the school's rebuilding in the post Japanese occupation period [7].
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Sultan Abdul Aziz (1952)
One of the first Malay language secondary schools in Malaysia [8].

There are currently no collegiate level institutions of higher education in Teluk Intan but further education is currently provided by the Teluk Intan Community College (established 2001) and the Teluk Intan District Hospital is used as a teaching hospital by the Universiti Kuala Lumpur Royal College of Medicine Perak [9].

Local delicacies

Teluk Intan 'Chee Cheong Fun' (猪肠粉)

Teluk Intan is also famous for its delicacies. The most famous is the boiled noodle served with a gravy that is both (moderately) spicy and sweet called 'mee rebus', the most famous being from Mastan Ghani. Another recommended delicacy is Mee Jawa, sold at Speedy at the newly constructed Medan Selera near the Mini Stadium.

While the most famous nasi kandar stall in Teluk Intan is Gulam Rasul, another stall which is popular, especially for lunch time, is the Nasi Lambai stall near the former boat quay. A fast-selling lunch time alternative is fried chicken from Krishnan (known locally as Bawah Pokok) in Jalan Changkat Jong.

Another attraction is a beverage made of rose syrup mixed with coconut milk or milk called 'Ais Bandung'. This beverage can be found near the wet market, located on the northern riverbank.

The local Chinese community has many famous delicacies as well. One of them is 'Heong Peah' (Fragrant Biscuit in English). 'Heong Peah' has a crispy layer outside and contain a mixture of flour, oil, maltose, sugar, sesame, and shallots. 'Heong Peah' market in Teluk Intan is dominated by two family-run enterprises: Sin Guan Tin and Sin Joo Heong. Locals fondly refer to the latter as the 'Tiger' brand or mark or 'Tiger Biscuit'. The former's trademark is usually in the form of a butterfly.

Another famous delicacy in Teluk Intan is the 'Chee Cheong Fun', a variation of the Kueh Teow which contains turnip, whereas the Hong Kong Chee Cheong Fun has prawns wrapped inside. These are a hit among non-Muslim visitors to Teluk Intan.

You can also find some very good Chinese curry mee plus a variety of food at the famous "Glutton Square" located between the corner of Jalan Sithabaram Pillai and Jalan Ah Cheong. A good Fruit Rojak is sold at "Ah Chai's Rojak" on Jalan Woo Saik Hong near the San Min School.

Another long-standing tourist sight for more than 25 years is Teluk Intan's laksa sold from a bicycle by "Uncle Laksa". This man rides around the town areas such as Jln Woo Saik Hong, Jln Pasir Bedamar, Jln Ah Cheong and Jln Pasar to sell his trademark laksa.

There is a well known Wan Tan Mee stall near wet market, run by the Chan family.

One of the famous satay outlets in Teluk Intan is Satay Ngah Teni. It is located in a food court (locals call it "Bumbung Biru") in front of Menara Jam Condong "The Leaning Tower".

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ New Straits Times : Walking Through History
  2. ^ Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Perak: Senarai Sekolah Rendah Daerah Hilir Perak
  3. ^ Pejabat Pendidikan Hilir Perak: Sekolah Menengah
  4. ^ SMK Horley Methodist: History
  5. ^ SMK Convent Teluk Intan: [1]
  6. ^ 安顺三民独中 : 校史
  7. ^ St. Anthony's Alumni of Teluk Intan: The Early Years]
  8. ^ Sekolah Menengah Sultan Abdul Aziz: Sejarah Sekolah]
  9. ^ UniKL RCMP: Hospitals and Health Centres]
  10. ^ Navaratnam, Alan. "Bishop Anthony Selvanayagam". Sillali Web Server. 
  11. ^ Pal, Vivienne (07-04-2007). "A tale of great opportunities" (in English). The Star (Malaysia: The Star Publications (M) Sdn. Bhd.). http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2007/7/4/central/18178134&sec=central. Retrieved 02-21-2010. 
  12. ^ Foong, Thim Leng; Martin Vengadesan (11-22-2009). "Apology Not Accepted" (in English). The Star (Malaysia: The Star Publications (M) Sdn. Bhd.). http://thestar.com.my/lifestyle/story.asp?file=/2009/11/22/lifefocus/5139776&sec=lifefocus. Retrieved 02-21-2010. 
  13. ^ Arsecularatne, S.N. (2001). Sinhalese immigrants in Malaysia & Singapore, 1860-1990. Colombo, Sri Lanka: K.V.G. De Silva & Sons. ISBN 9559112015. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Teluk Intan (formerly known as Teluk Anson) is a city in Perak, Malaysia.

Leaning Tower of Teluk Intan
Leaning Tower of Teluk Intan

It is the center of Hilir Perak district and the third largest town of Perak state. Although the name means "Diamond Bay", the town is not located near a bay. It is founded around the oxbow meander of the Perak River, making the town looks like near a bay. The locals believes that in the future, the river’s flow will erode the narrow neck of the land between the loops of the meander and turning the town into an island.

Get in

The only method to get in is by local bus services. You may hire a taxi but the price isn't cheap.

From Ipoh

  • Station: Medan Kidd
  • Company: Ipoh - Telok Anson Express Sdn Bhd
  • Time: Every hour from 7am until 7pm
  • Fare: Adult-RM5.85 Child-RM2.85

From Kuala Lumpur

  • Station: Puduraya & Hentian Duta
  • Company: Transnasional Express Sdn Bhd
  • Time: Every hour from 9am until 10pm

Get around

Saturday Night Market(Sunday Morning Market) Every Saturday night and Sunday morning, there will be a flea market selling local Malay delicacies. The location is near the Leaning Tower.

Chitra Pournami Festival During beginning of May or sometimes end of April, there will be a festival of observed on the day of the full moon in the month of Chitirai. The whole street at the city center will be closed and a lots of stalls selling various of Hindu traditional snacks, offerings and others are being set up. This is the largest festival held in Teluk Intan every year and it is very similar to Thaipusam.

  • Leaning Tower of Teluk Intan. The tower is built in 1885 by Mr. Leong Choon Cheong for the purpose as water tower, and as a beacon to guide ships into Teluk Intan Port. Later, it was used as local Boy Scouts’ Headquarter, and now, as the local tourist attraction. The tower was tilted due to the underground stream. The area around the tower was once shores water, but now was paved with bricks and become plaza.
  • Batu Tenggek (Growing Rock). This rock was believed to be placed by the British soldier originally in a size of a matchbox. This small rock grew bigger each year until it reach the size of a boulder.
  • Heong Peah

Chinese traditional biscuit with crispy layer outside, soft malt sugar paste inside. Teluk Intan Heong Peah is very famous as well as Heong Peah from Gunung Rapat (Ipoh). It is the best thing to buy as souvenirs.

Eat

Teluk Intan Chee Cheong Fun (Non-Halal)

Soft boiled noodle stuffed with seasoned pork. It is very different from the traditional Hong Kong Chee Cheong Fun which usually stuffed with shrimps and serve wet. Teluk Intan Chee Cheong Fun normally served dry and with some green chili pickles. good

Gulam Rasul (Halal)

The largest Nasi Kandar stall in Teluk Intan, and it is the local favorite site during the lunchtime. It is well known for its delicious Nasi Kandar dishes.

Keng Heng Kopitiam

The old traditional Chinese kopitiam, selling various kind of mee and breakfast at morning, and there will be Nasi Kandar at lunchtime. During afternoon, there will be Wantan Mee and fish balls (home made) and traditional kuih. It has been the locals’ favorite site due to the delicious traditional Chinese food they offer. There is a small photo gallery of the Teluk Intan Leaning Tower in this Kopitiam, which has more historical value than the photo gallery inside the Leaning Tower itself.

===TA Sin Guan Tin 安顺新源珍 the most Famous Heong Peah in here, www.bisgood.com.my

  • Lo Hon Ko

There is a famous stall at Jalan Sekolah which sells cold drinks and snacks. The name of the stall is called Lo Hon Ko, however, the stall is famous for its Ais Kacang (blended ice).

  • Yao Yao Bing

Also near the Lo Hon Ko stall, there are another local delicacy called Yao Yao Bing, which is a home made sherbet with a local favorite flavor. However, the Yao Yao Bing stall are not always open. If the stall is open, the sherbet sold out very fast.

  • Hainan Coffee

The best place to have specially roast Hainan Coffee is Keng Heng Kopitiam. It is a kind of Robusta coffee. However, the local worker group prefers sweeter taste. Thus, the coffee usually taste too sweet for normal people. Make sure to ask for the coffee for less sugar.

  • Century Tudor Lodge, 22-36 Jalan Teratai, Taman Indah Jaya (Off Jalan Sultan Abdullah), 05-6234232. 8 units of tastefully designed English Tudor Houses for you to experience traditional English Style Tudor living. All rooms are air-conditioned with attached hot/cold water shower. Individual room rates from 70 ringgit. Whole house (6 rooms) rates from 400 ringgit. Ample private parking available.  edit
  • Angsoka Hotel, 24, Jalan Changkat Jong, 05-6223755. Near city centre. All rooms have air-con, hot/cold water, shower. Conference/function room, credit card facilities, swimming pool. From 55 ringgit.  edit
  • Anson Hotel, Jalan Sekolah, 05-6226166. City centre. All rooms have air-con, hot/cold water, shower. Conference/function room, credit card facilities, laundry, café. From 60 ringgit.  edit
  • Hoover Hotel, 177-178, Jalan Sultan Abdullah, 05-6222216. All rooms have air-con, hot/cold water, shower. Laundry, café. From 20 ringgit.  edit
  • Kok Min Hotel, 1065-A, Jalan Sekolah, 05-6221529. City Centre. Café. All rooms with ceiling fans. From 25 ringgit.  edit
  • The Ruin of Raja Muda's Palace.

This palace was once the official residence of The Raja Muda of Perak. After the demised of The Raja Muda of Perak, the palace was neglected and drug addicts took over and stripped the palace. The remains of the palace is believed to be haunted. Also, it is illegal to going into the area because it is the property of Perak's Sultan. The Ruin is located next to the mansion of Dato. Mah, a near Jalan Sekolah (There are many Secondary schools around).

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