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Tenerife North Airport
Aeropuerto de Tenerife Norte
Terminal tfn.jpg
New International Terminal
IATA: TFNICAO: GCXO
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Aena
Location Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Elevation AMSL 633 m / 2,077 ft
Coordinates 28°28′58″N 016°20′30″W / 28.48278°N 16.34167°W / 28.48278; -16.34167 (Tenerife North Airport)Coordinates: 28°28′58″N 016°20′30″W / 28.48278°N 16.34167°W / 28.48278; -16.34167 (Tenerife North Airport)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
12/30 3,394 11,135 Asphalt
Statistics (2007)
Number of passengers 4,125,131
Aircraft movements 65,843
Source: Statistics from AENA[1]
Spanish AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Tenerife North Airport (IATA: TFNICAO: GCXO), formerly Los Rodeos Airport, is one of the two international airports on the island of Tenerife, Spain. It is located 11 km (6.8 mi) by road from Santa Cruz and at an altitude of 633 metres. In 1977 the airport was the site of the worst accident in aviation history when 583 passengers and crew were killed after two Boeing 747s collided on the runway in heavy fog. Combined with the Tenerife South Airport, gather the highest passenger movement in the Canary Islands with 12,764,375 passengers (AENA report[3]) and low-cost airlines, with a total of 20.

Today, TFN is an inter-island hub, connecting all seven Canary Islands, and offers connections to the Spanish Peninsula, Europe, and North America. The route between Tenerife North and Madrid is the airport's busiest with an average of 40 flights per day.

In 2007, the airport handled 4,125,131 passengers and 65,843 aircraft movements.[1] The busiest air route from the airport in terms of passengers is the one to Madrid Airport, at over one million passengers a year.

Contents

Buildings

Map of Los Rodeos Airport

A new terminal was inaugurated in 2002, comprising car park, motorway access ramps, and four-story terminal building, with 12 gates. The airport regained its international status when flights to Caracas began. An inter-island domestic area was opened in 2005.

History

Many years before the airport had even been built, the field at Los Rodeos was hastily prepared to accommodate the first (though unofficial) flight into Tenerife operated by an Arado VI (D-1594) aircraft operating from Berlin on behalf of Deutsche Lufthansa.

Green scenery at Tenerife North

In May 1930, the Compañía de Líneas Aéreas Subvencionadas S.A. (C.L.A.S.S.A.) established the first air link between the Spanish mainland and the Canary Islands using a Ford 4-AT Trimotor (M-CKKA), which took off from Getafe, Madrid to the Los Rodeos field via Casablanca, Cape Juby and Gando in Gran Canaria.

After the final location of the airport had been decided, funds were gathered between 1935 and 1939 to build a small hangar and begin expanding the airstrip which would become Los Rodeos .

In July 1936 Francisco Franco flew from here after taking over the island to invade the mainland and start the Spanish civil war.

Inter island aircraft

Operations into Los Rodeos recommenced on 23 January 1941 with a De Havilland DH89A Dragon Rapide operating an Iberia flight from Gando in Gran Canaria.

By 1946, more hangars, a passenger terminal and an 800 m (2,625 ft) paved runway had been built, and the airport was officially opened to all national and international traffic. The runway was stretched at various times during the 1940s and 1950s, reaching a length of 2,400 m (7,874 ft) in 1953, by which time the airport was also equipped with runway edge lighting and an air-ground radio, enabling night operations.

By 1964, runway 12/30 had been stretched to 3,000 m (9,843 ft) to accommodate the DC-8, new navigation aids were installed, and the apron was expanded to provide more parking spaces for aircraft. In 1971, with the prospect of the Boeing 747 flying into the airport, the runway was reinforced and an ILS (Instrument Landing System) was installed.

In the 1977 Tenerife disaster, a PanAm and a KLM Boeing 747 collided on the runway, killing 583 people, the highest number of fatalities (excluding ground fatalities) of any single accident in aviation history. In response, a new airport, Tenerife South Airport, was inaugurated on November 6, 1978. It is situated at sea level which averts the occurrence of fog, one of the reasons for the crash.

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
Air Berlin Düsseldorf, Nuremberg [ends 28 April]
Air Europa Barcelona, Bilbao, Madrid, Málaga, Miami [ends 23 April], Seville, León
Binter Canarias El Hierro, Fuerteventura, La Gomera, Lanzarote, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Santa Cruz de la Palma
Iberia Madrid
Iberia operated by Air Nostrum Valencia
Islas Airways Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Santa Cruz de la Palma
Livingston Airlines Milan-Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino
Quantum Air [4] Madrid
Santa Barbara Airlines Caracas
Spanair Barcelona, Madrid
Vueling Airlines Madrid, Malaga, Seville

Accidents and incidents

Tenerife North Airport was the scene of the Tenerife airport disaster, to date the worst accident in aviation history. The accident took place on 27 March 1977, when two Boeing 747 aircraft which were KLM Flight 4805 and Pan Am Flight 1736 collided during the KLM's take-off and the Pan Am's taxiing. Amongst the passengers and crew of the two aircraft, 583 were killed and 61 survived. Neither flight was originally scheduled to be at the airport; the original destination of both was Gran Canaria airport, they were diverted to Tenerife North (then Tenerife Los Rodeos) as a result of a bombing at Gran Canaria.

Accidents at the airport include:

Date Airline Type Registration Flight Fatalities/People on flight
1965-05-05 Iberia Lockheed L-1049G EC-AIN 401 30/49
1965-12-07 Spantax Douglas DC-3 EC-ARZ 32/32
1970-01-05 Iberia Fokker F-27 Friendship 600 EC-BOD 0/49
1972-12-03 Spantax Convair CV-990 EC-BZR 155/155
1977-03-27 Pan American World Airways Boeing 747-121 N736PA 1736 335/396
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines Boeing 747-206B PH-BUF 4805 248/248
1980-04-25 Dan-Air Boeing 727-46 G-BDAN 1008 146/146

References

  1. ^ a b AENA statistics for 2007
  2. ^ EAD Basic
  3. ^ http://www.aena.es/csee/ccurl/Anual_2007.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.quantum-air.com/destinos.do

External links

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