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Tengellid spiders
Titiotus sp. from California
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Section: Entelegynae
Superfamily: Tengelloidea
Family: Tengellidae
Dahl, 1908


8 genera, 37 species

The tengellid spiders (family Tengellidae) include eight genera and a little over 30 species worldwide. The family is confined to the New World, with two monotypic genera occurring in and Madagascar and New Zealand, respectively. Like most spiders, they have eight eyes. The characters defining the family are technical and there are still some disagreements as to its size and placement within spider classification. According to Griswold (1993), the family is polyphyletic. This is another of the families removed from the catchall family Clubionidae over the last 20 or so years.

Unidentified tengellid from California

Some of these strange spiders look like a cross between a crab spider and a sac spider, as in the American genus Lauricius.

The genus Haurokoa was renamed to Wiltona in 2008.



  • Anachemmis Chamberlin, 1919 (USA, Mexico; 5 species)
  • Calamistrula Dahl, 1901 (Madagascar; 1 species)
  • Lauricius Simon, 1888 (USA, Mexico; 2 species)
  • Liocranoides Keyserling, 1881 (USA; 5 species)
  • Socalchemmis Platnick & Ubick, 2001 (USA, Mexico; 17 species)
  • Tengella Dahl, 1901 (South America, Costa Rica, Mexico; 3 species)
  • Titiotus Simon, 1897 (Brazil, USA; 3 species)
  • Haurokoa Koçak & Kemal, 2008 (New Zealand; 1 species)

See also


  • Griswold, C.E. (1993) Investigations into the phylogeny of the lycosoid spiders and their kin (Arachnida: Araneae: Lycosoidea). Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 539: 1-39.
  • Griswold, C.E., Coddington, J.A., Platnick, N.I. & Forster, R.R. (1999). Towards a phylogeny of entelegyne spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae, Entelegynae). J. Arachnol. 27: 53-63.

External links



Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Superfamilia: Tengelloidea
Familia: Tengellidae
Genera: Anachemmis - Calamistrula - Lauricius - Liocranoides - Socalchemmis - Tengella - Titiotus - Wiltona


Tengellidae Dahl, 1908


  • Koçak, A.Ö.; Kemal, M. 2008: New synonyms and replacement names in the genus group taxa of Araneida. Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara miscellaneous papers, 139-140: 1-4. Internet Archive
  • Wolff, R.J. 1978: The cribellate genus Tengella (Araneae: Tengellidae?). Journal of arachnology, 5: 139-144. PDF


  • Platnick, N. I. 2008. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.0. American Museum of Natural History. [1]

Vernacular names

English: Tengellid spiders
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Tengellidae on Wikimedia Commons.


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