Tenth Air Force: Wikis

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Tenth Air Force
10th Air Force.png
Tenth Air Force emblem
Active 12 February 1942
Country United States of America
Branch United States Air Force
Garrison/HQ Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth
Commanders
Current
commander
Maj. Gen. Frank J. Padilla
Notable
commanders
Lewis H. Brereton
General Dynamics F-16C Block 30A F-16Cs of the USAFR 301st Fighter Wing, Carswell Field, Texas

The Tenth Air Force (10AF) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC). It is headquartered at Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth, Texas.

The command directs the activities of more than 13,363 reservists and 947 civilians located at 30 military installations throughout the United States. In addition, Tenth Air Force units fly satellites for both US SPACECOM and NOAA.

Tenth Air Force was a United States Army Air Forces combat air force created created for operations in India, Burma and Indochina during World War II in the China Burma India Theater of operations. It was established at New Delhi, India on 12 February 1942, around a nucleus of air force personnel newly arrived from Java and the Philippines, under the command of Major General (later Lt. General) Louis Brereton. In the years since World War II, 10 AF has served the US air defense and reserve training programs.

10 AF is commanded by Maj. Gen. Frank J. Padilla.[1]

Contents

Overview

10 AF is responsible for managing and supervising six fighter units, three geographically dispersed rescue units, one bomber unit, one Airborne Warning and Control (AWACs) associate unit, one special operations wing, one space wing, one Regional Support Group, and more than 120 non-flying units in logistics and support roles.

The command directs the activities of more than 13,363 reservists and 947 civilians located at 30 military installations throughout the United States. With a full time staff of 87 and 93 reservist, Tenth Air Force and the 610th Regional Support Group, monitor and provides assistance to all subordinate units to ensure they maintain readiness to supplement the nation's active Air Force units with operationally ready units on a moment's notice. If mobilized, the flying units and their support elements would be gained by Air Combat Command (ACC), Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC), Air Force Space Command (AFSPACOM) and Air Education and Training Command (AETC).

Reservists from 10 AF units are routinely deployed to Air Expeditionary units in combat areas of Central and Southwest Asia as part of the Global War on Terrorism.

Units

Operational units of Tenth Air Force are:[2]

  • Combat Air Forces
301st Fighter Wing - NAS JRB Fort Worth, Texas
419th Fighter Wing - Hill AFB, Utah
442d Fighter Wing - Whiteman AFB, Missouri
482d Fighter Wing - Homestead ARB, Florida
917th Wing - Barksdale AFB, Louisiana
919th Special Operations Wing - Eglin AFB, Florida
920th Rescue Wing - Patrick AFB, Florida
477th Fighter Group - Elmendorf AFB, Alaska
926th Group - Nellis AFB, Nevada
943d Rescue Group - Davis Monthan AFB, Arizona
  • Regional Support Groups
610th Regional Support Group - NAS JRB Fort Worth, Texas
  • Space Forces
310th Space Wing - Schriever AFB, Colorado
  • Pilot Training Forces
944th Fighter Wing - Luke AFB, Arizona
340th Flying Training Group - Randolph AFB, Texas
  • Command/Control Forces
940th Wing - Beale AFB, California
513th Air Control Group - Tinker AFB, Oklahoma

Tenth Air Force Squadrons, Flights, and Operational Locations are also stationed at:

History

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Lineage

  • Established as 10th Air Force on February 4, 1942.
Activated on February 12, 1942
Redesignated Tenth Air Force on September 18, 1942
Inactivated on January 6, 1946
  • Activated on May 24, 1946
Discontinued, and inactivated, on September 1, 1960
  • Activated on January 20, 1966
Organized on April 1, 1966
Inactivated on December 31, 1969
  • Redesignated Tenth Air Force (Reserve) on September 24, 1976
Activated on October 8, 1976
Redesignated Tenth Air Force on December 1, 1985

Assignments

World War II

  • Air Force Combat Command, 4 Feb 1942
  • U.S. Army Forces in China-Burma-India, Mar-May 1942
  • Army Air Forces, India-Burma Sector, 21 Aug 1943
  • Army Air Forces, India-Burma Theater, 27 Oct 1944
  • Army Air Forces, China Theater, on 6 Jul 1943

United States Air Force

Second Air Force, 5-6 Jan 1946

Components

World War II

United States Air Force

16 Dec 1949 - 1 Sep 1950
Attached to: Eastern Air Defense Force, 1 Jan - 31 Aug 1950
1 Apr 1966-18 Sep 1968

Stations

World War II

10th Air Force USAAF emblem

Tenth Air Force was constituted on 4 February 1942 and activated on 12 February, built up around a nucleus of air force personnel newly arrived from Java and the Philippines, under the command of Maj. Gen. Lewis H. Brereton. It had its headquarters at New Delhi. Components of the air force moved to India over a three month period from March to May 1942. It was responsible for creating, operating and safeguarding the India-China Ferry, more commonly known as the Hump airlift, between April 8 and December 1, 1942, first with its Assam-Burma-China Command until July 16, then the India-China Ferry Command until December 1, when jurisdiction for the airlift passed to the Air Transport Command.

The Tenth Air Force initially provided control of all USAAF combat operations in the China Burma India Theater under theater commander Lt. Gen. Joseph Stillwell. Units based in China were controlled by the China Air Task Force of the Tenth Air Force, created July 4, 1942 to replace the American Volunteer Group, and commanded by Brig. Gen. Claire Chennault. Units based in India were controlled by the India Air Task Force, created October 8, 1942, commanded by Brig. Gen. Caleb V. Haynes.

In March 1943 the China Air Task Force was dissolved and its components made part of the new Fourteenth Air Force, activated in China under Chennault. The Tenth operated in India and Burma as part of the Allied Eastern Air Command until it moved to China late in July 1945.[3]

The Tenth Air Force conducted offensive strategic bombing operations in Burma and supported Allied ground efforts with close air support and operations against Japanese communications and supply installations.

World War II Campaigns

Burma, 1942; India-Burma; China Defensive; Central Burma; China Offensive.[3]

World War II Commanders

  • Colonel Harry A Halverson, 17 February 1942;
  • Major-General Lewis H Brereton, 5 March 1942;
  • Brigadier-General Earl L Naiden, 26 June 1942;
  • Major-General Clayton Bissell, 18 August 1942;
  • Major-General Howard C Davidson, in August 1943;
  • Major-General Albert F Hegenberger, 1 August 1945 - ?[3]

Post World War II

Air Defense Command

Activated on 24 May 1946 at Brooks Field (later, AFB), Texas, Tenth Air Force was assigned to Air Defense Command. It moved to Offutt AFB, Nebraska, 1 July 1948; Fort Benjamin Harrison (later, Benjamin Harrison AFB), Indiana, 25 September 1948.

Air Force Reserve

Assigned to Continental Air Command on 1 December 1948, became reserve command and control component of Air Defense Command. Moved to Selfridge AFB, Michigan, 16 January 1950. On July 1, 1960, the Fourth Air Force Reserve Region was formed at Randolph Air Force Base, San Antonio, TX. The Fourth Region was one of five Reserve regions and became operational on September 1, 1960, under the control of Continental Air Command (CAC), as a result, Tenth Air Force was discontinued, and inactivated, on 1 September 1960.

Tenth Air Force was reactivated on 20 January 1966, and assigned to Air (later, Aerospace) Defense Command. Organized on 1 April 1966 at Richards-Gebaur AFB, Missouri. In the 1960s the Commander of the Central North American Air Defense Region had additional duty as commander, Tenth Air Force, located at Richards-Gebaur Air Force Base, MO.

Continental Air Command was discontinued on August 1, 1968, and was replaced by Headquarters Air Force Reserve, located at Robins Air Force Base, GA. In July 1969, the Fourth Region moved from Randolph AFB to Ellington AFB, near Houston, TX. On December 31, 1969, the five regions were merged into three. The responsibilities of the Fourth and Fifth Regions were consolidated into the new Central Air Force Reserve Region. Eastern Region became responsible for the First and Second Region areas, the Sixth Region became the Western Region. This change increased the area of responsibility of Central Region from five states to 14, ranging from the Canadian to the Mexican borders. As a result of these consolodations, Tenth Air Force was agan inactivated on 31 December 1969.

When Air Force operations were phased out of Ellington AFB, Central Region Headquarters moved to Bergstrom AFB, in Austin, TX, on March 10, 1976. The Air Force Reserve’s entire intermediate management structure was then realigned effective October 8, 1976; and the Reserve Regions were inactivated and succeeded by the currently activated Tenth Air Force. Redesignated Tenth Air Force (Reserve) on 24 September 1976, the unit activated in the Reserve on 8 October 1976 at Bergstrom AFB, TX, assigned to Air Force Reserve. It was redesignated Tenth Air Force on 1 December 1985.

As a result, the unit assumed command over all Tactical Air Command-gained and Strategic Air Command-gained Air Force Reserve units regardless of geographic location. With the inactivation of TAC and SAC in 1992, Tenth Air Force today is responsible for command supervision of fighter, bomber, rescue, airborne warning and control, special operations, flying training, combat air operations battle staff, and space reserve units.

See also

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Notes

Bibliography

  • Latimer, Jon. Burma: The Forgotten War. London: John Murray, 2004. ISBN 0-7195-6576-6.
  • Maurer, Maurer Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Pub USAF, Reprint 1986 (first published in 1961).
  • Rust, Kenn C. Tenth Air Force Story...in World War II. Temple City, California: Historical Aviation Album, 1980 (republished 1992 by Sunshine House of Terre Haute, Indiana). ISBN 0-911852-87-5.
  • Weaver, Herbert and Marvin A. Rapp. The Tenth Air Force, 1942 (USAAF Historical Study No.12). Air Force Historical Research Agency, 1944.
  • Weaver, Herbert and Marvin A. Rapp. The Tenth Air Force, 1 January-10 March 1943 (USAAF Historical Study No.104). Air Force Historical Research Agency, 1944.
  • Weaver, Herbert and Marvin A. Rapp. The Tenth Air Force, 1943 (USAAF Historical Study No.117). Air Force Historical Research Agency, 1946.
  • White, Edwin L. Ten Thousand Tons by Xmas. St.Petersburg, Florida: Valkrie Press, 1975.
  • Unknown author. This is the Tenth Air Force. Mitchell Air Force Base, New York: Office of Information Services, Continental Air Command, 1959.
  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.

External links


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