Terminus: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Terminus is a Latin word that literally means boundary stone but can refer to:


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

TERMINUS, in Roman mythology, the god of boundaries, the protector of the limits both of private property and of the public territory of Rome. He was represented by a stone or post, set up in the ground with the following religious ceremonies. A trench was dug, in which a fire was lighted; a victim was sacrificed, and its blood poured into the trench; the body, upon which incense and fruits, honey and wine were thrown, was then cast into the fire. When it was entirely consumed, the boundary stone, which had been previously anointed and crowned with garlands, was placed upon the hot ashes and fixed in the ground. Any one who removed a boundary stone was accursed (sacer) and might be slain with impunity; a fine was afterwards substituted for the death penalty. On the 23rd of February (the end of the old Roman year) the festival called Terminalia, according to Wissowa a festival not of the god but of the boundary stones (termini), was held. The owners of adjacent lands assembled at the common boundary stone, and crowned their own side of the stone with garlands; an altar was set up and offerings of cakes, corn, honey and wine were made (later, a lamb or a sucking pig was sacrificed). The proceedings closed with songs to the god and a general merrymaking, in which all the members of the family and the servants took part. A similar festival was also held at the old boundary of the Roman territory between the fifth and sixth milestones on the road to Laurentum. The custom of fixing the boundaries of property and the institution of the yearly festival were both ascribed to Numa. Another Sabine prince, Titus Tatius, had dedicated a stone to Terminus on the Capitoline hill. When Tarquinius Superbus desired to build a temple to Jupiter, the auguries forbade its removal, and it was enclosed within the walls of the new sanctuary, an indication of the immovability of such stones and of the permanence of the Roman territory. Terminus was probably in its origin only an epithet of Jupiter. The fact of the inclusion of his statue in the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus; the hole cut in the temple roof so that he might be worshipped in the open air as being, like Jupiter, a god of 1 Agathocles was a native of Thermae.

the sky; and the later assumption of a Jupiter Terminus or Terminalis (cf. the Greek Zci)s ipcos) support this view.

See Dion. Halic. ii. 74; Plutarch, Numa, 16, Quaest. Rom., 15; Livy i. 55; Horace, Epodes, ii. 59; Ovid, Fasti, ii. 637, 677; Siculus Flaccus in Gromatici veteres, ed. Lachmann (1848); G. Wissowa, Religion and Kultus der Romer (1902); W. W. Fowler, The Roman Festivals (1899); G. Jourde, Le Culte du dieu Terme (Paris, 1886).


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also terminus

Contents

German

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Terminus

Wikipedia de

Noun

Terminus m.

  1. term (word or phrase, especially one from a specialised area of knowledge)

This German entry was created from the translations listed at term. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see Terminus in the German Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) April 2008


Latin

Etymology

From terminus (a boundary, a limit).

Proper noun

Terminus

  1. the deity presiding over boundaries; a personification of the term terminus (a boundary, a limit)

Simple English

The English Wiktionary has a dictionary definition (meanings of a word) for:

Terminus is a Latin word that literally means Boundary stone but can refer to:

  • Terminal station, a bus or rail station acting as an end destination
  • Terminus (mythology), a Roman god
  • Atlanta, Georgia, which was originally called Terminus
  • Terminus (planet), the home planet of the Foundation in Isaac Asimov's Foundation series
  • Terminus (poem) is a poem written by Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • Terminus (font), font designed for long (8 and more hours per day) work with computers.

Other pages

  • Terminal (disambiguation)


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