Terni: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Terni
—  Comune  —
Comune di Terni
Panorama of Terni

Coat of arms
Terni is located in Italy
Terni
Location of Terni in Italy
Coordinates: 42°34′N 12°39′E / 42.567°N 12.65°E / 42.567; 12.65Coordinates: 42°34′N 12°39′E / 42.567°N 12.65°E / 42.567; 12.65
Country Italy
Region Umbria
Province Terni (TR)
Frazioni Acquapalombo, Appecano, Battiferro, Cecalocco, Cesi, Collegiacone, Collescipoli, Collestatte, Gabelletta, Giuncano Alto, Giuncano Scalo, Marmore, Miranda, Papigno, Piediluco, Poggio Lavarino, Polenaco, Porzano, Pracchia, Rivo, Rocca San Zenone, San Carlo, San Liberatore, Titurano, Torreorsina, Valenza
Government
 - Mayor Paolo Raffaelli (Democratic Party)
Area
 - Total 211 km2 (81.5 sq mi)
Elevation 130 m (427 ft)
Population (30 April 2009)
 - Total 112,253
 - Density 532/km2 (1,377.9/sq mi)
 - Demonym Ternani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 05100
Dialing code 0744
Patron saint Saint Valentine
Saint day February 14
Website Official website
Palazzo Spada.

Terni About this sound listen is an ancient town of Italy, capital of Terni province in southern Umbria, in the plain of the Nera river. It is 104 km (65 mi) N of Rome, 36 km (23 mi) NW of Rieti, and 29 km (18 mi) S of Spoleto.

The city lies on the rail line from Rome to Ancona, and is the point of departure for the branch line to Rieti and L'Aquila. It is the seat of a university, and is one of the most important industrial towns of Umbria.

Contents

History

The city was probably founded in the 7th century BC by the Sabini. In the 3rd century BC it was conquered by the Romans and soon become an important municipium lying on the Via Flaminia. The Roman name was Interamna, meaning "in between two rivers". During the Roman Empire the city was enriched with several buildings, including aqueducts, walls, amphitheaters, temples and bridges.

After the Lombard conquest (755) Terni lost any role of prominence, reducing to a secondary town in the Duchy of Spoleto. In 1174 it was again destroyed by Frederick Barbarossa's general, Archbishop Christian of Mainz. In the following century Terni was one of the favourite seat of St. Francis' prayings.

In the 14th century Terni issued a constitution of its own and from 1353 the walls were enlarged, and new channels were opened. As well as much of the Italian communes of the Late Middle Ages, it was slain by inner disputes between Guelphs and Ghibellines, and later between the two parties of Nobili and Banderari. Later it become part of the Papal States. In 1580 an ironwork, the Ferriera, was introduced to work the iron ore mined in Monteleone di Spoleto, starting the traditional industrial connotation of the city. In the 17th century, however, Terni declined further due to plagues and famines.

In the 19th century Terni took advantage of the Industrial Revolution and of plentiful water sources in the area. New industries included a steelwork, a foundry, as well as weapons, jute and wool factories. In 1927 Terni became capital of the province. The presence of important industries made it a favourite target for the Allied bombardments in World War II, totalling 108 raids.

Main sights

  • The Roman amphitheater, once capable of 10,000 spectators, built in 32 BC.
  • The small Roman gate of Porta Sant'Angelo, one of the four ancient entrances to the city, much restored.
  • The Cathedral (Duomo) of S. Maria Assunta (17th century). Built over one of the most ancient Christian edifices of the city, it has today Baroque lines. In the interior is one organ designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. the belfry is from the 18th century. The façade has two mediaeval gates: one of them has the profile of a sabot once used to measure the citizen's shoes in order they do not exceed a fixed limit of decency.
  • Church of S. Francesco.
  • The Basilica of S. Valentino.
  • Palazzo Mazzancolli is one of the few remains of the Middle Ages past of the city.
  • Palazzo Gazzoli (18th century), housing the City's Gallery with works by Pierfrancesco d'Amelia, Benozzo Gozzoli, Gerolamo Troppa and Orneore Metelli.
  • Palazzo Spada (16th century), by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger. It is the current Town Hall.
  • The Lancia di Luce ("Lance of Light"), by the sculptor Arnaldo Pomodoro.
  • The Romanesque churches:
    • S. Alò (11th century).
    • S. Martino.
    • S. Salvatore.

Nearby, at the confluence of the Velino and Nera Rivers, is the Cascata della Marmore, a 165 m waterfall.

Notable natives

The Roman historian Tacitus is often stated to have been born in Terni, but there is no evidence for the claim, which is circumstantially based on the probable birth there of the emperor of the same name, and on the attested fact that that emperor took care to have his namesake's works widely copied, in the apparent belief that they were related.

The case of St. Valentine is more complex, since there was undoubtedly an early bishop of Terni by that name, who is the city's patron. In late Antiquity, however, the name was a common one, and the bishop has become conflated with several other saints, the most important of whom, the soldier saint, was probably not from Terni.

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Terni is twinned with:

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Terni [1] is in the Umbria region of Italy. It is mainly an industrial town and as a result was heavily bombed by the Allies during the Second World War. In the 19th Century it was known as the "Manchester of Italy".

Get in

From Rome, take the A1 Autostrada, leaving at Orte and follow the SS675 to Terni.

Trains run regularly from the Rome-Termini station. If you are coming from the north, take a train that stops at Orte to connect to the Terni train.

See

As a result of the bombing much of the city was heavily damaged. Consequently, Terni is now considered more interesting for its post-war architecture than its older structures. It is a place to visit if you are passing by, rather than somewhere that merits a special effort.

  • Church of St.Francis (12th century) has a beautiful chapel (the Paradisi Chapel) with frescoes from the 14th century.
  • Church of St. Salvatore, is believed to have been built upon a Roman temple.
  • The Cathedral was built in the 17th century.

The are also ruins of a Roman Amphitheater and old town walls , together with some medieval buildings.

Get out

Cascate delle Marmore can be reached from Terni by Bus No.7 or 21. These artificial waterfalls were built by the Romans. Whitewater rafting trips are available.[2]] A few km further east is Lake Piediluco, which hosts the Italian National Rowing Center and plays host to rowing teams from all over the world because of its almost ideal rowing conditions.

Spoleto, known for its Festival of the Two Worlds, Rieti and Todi are within easy reach by car as are many other fascinating towns in Umbria.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

TERNI (anc. Interamna Nahars), a town, episcopal see, and the seat of a sub-prefecture of the province of Perugia, Italy, situated among the Apennines, but only 426 ft. above sealevel, in the valley of the Nera (anc. Nar), from which the town took its distinguishing epithet, 5 m. below its junction with the Velino, and 70 m. N. by E. of Rome by rail. Pop. (1906) 20,230 (town), 33,256 (commune). It has important iron and steel works and iron foundries, at which armour-plates, guns and projectiles are made for the Italian navy, also steel castings, machinery and rails, a royal arms factory, and lignite mining. Terni lies on the main railway line from Rome to Foligno and Ancona, and is the junction for Rieti and Sulmona. Its most interesting buildings are the cathedral (17th century, with remains of the earlier 13th century facade), the church of S. Francesco (partly dating from the 13th century, with some frescoes of the 14th), and other old churches. Its antiquities include traces of the city walls of rectangular blocks of travertine, remains of an amphitheatre of the time of Tiberius, a temple, theatre and baths (?), and numerous inscriptions. Remains have also been found of a pre-Roman necropolis. The excavations and the objects found are described by A. Pasqui and L. Lanzi in Notizie degli scavi, 9 7, 595 seq. Five miles to the east are the falls of the Velino (Caseate delle Marmore). Alike in volume and in beauty these take a very high place among European waterfalls; the cataract has a total descent of about 650 ft., in three leaps of 65, 330 and 190 ft. respectively. They owe their origin to M'. Curius Dentatus, who in 272 B.C. first opened an artificial channel by which the greater part of the Lacus Velinus in the valley below Reate was drained. They supply the motive power for the factories of the town.

Terni is the ancient Interamna (inter amnes, " between the rivers," the Nar and one of its branches), originally belonging to Umbria, and founded, according to a local tradition preserved in an inscription, in the year 672 B.C. It is first mentioned in history as being, along with Spoletium, Praeneste and Florentia, portioned out among his soldiers by Sulla. Its inhabitants had frequent litigations and disputes with their neighbours at Reate in connexion with the regulation of the Velinus, the waters of which are so strongly impregnated with carbonate of lime that by their deposits they tend to block up their own channel. The first interference with its natural course was that of M'. Curius Dentatus already referred to. In 54 B.C. the people of Reate appealed to Cicero to plead their cause in an arbitration which had been appointed by the Roman senate to settle disputes about the river, and in connexion with this he made a personal inspection of Lake Velinus and its outlets. In the time of Tiberius there was a project for regulating the river and its outlets from the lake, against which the citizens of Interamna and Reate energetically and successfully protested (Tac. Ann. i. 79). Similar questions arose as the river formed fresh deposits during the middle ages and during the 15th and 16th centuries. A branch of the Via Flaminia passed from Narnia to Forum Flaminii, and is given instead of the direct line in the Antonine and Jerusalem itineraries. A road led from here to the Via Salaria at Reate. Interamna is also mentioned in Cicero's time as being the place where Clodius wished to prove that he was on the night when he was caught in Caesar's house at the celebration of the rites of the Bona Dea. The Emperor Tacitus and his brother Florianus were probably natives of Interamna, which also has been claimed as the birthplace of Tacitus the historian, but with less reason. During most of the middle ages and up till 1860 Terni was subject to the popes. It was the scene of the defeat of the Neapolitans by the French on the 27th of November 1798.


<< Ternate

Terpander >>


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also terni

Contents

English

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Terni

  1. A province of Umbria, Italy.
  2. A town, the capital of Terni.

Translations

Anagrams


French

Proper noun

Terni

  1. Terni (province)
  2. Terni (town)

Anagrams


Italian

Wikipedia-logo.png
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Terni

Wikipedia it

Proper noun

Terni f.

  1. Terni (province)
  2. Terni (town)

Derived terms

Anagrams


Simple English

Terni is an Italian city in Umbria of 110.000 inhabitants. It is the seat of a university, and is one of the most important industrial towns of Umbria.









Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message