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New Guinea
Territory of New Guinea
Mandate of Australia

1919–1949

Flag

Capital Rabaul?
Language(s) English (official), Austronesian languages, Papuan languages, English creoles
Political structure League of Nations Mandate
King List of British monarchs
Administrator List of colonial heads of New Guinea
Prime Minister List of Prime Ministers of Australia
History
 - Treaty of Versailles June 28, 1919
 - Union with Papua 1949
Currency Australian Pound

Territory of New Guinea was the name given to the Australia-controlled, League of Nations-mandated territory in the north eastern part of the island of New Guinea, and surrounding islands, between 1920 and 1949. The south-eastern part of the island of New Guinea was a separate Australian colony, the Territory of Papua, until 1949.

The Australian mandate was based on the previous German New Guinea, which was captured and occupied by Australian forces in 1914, during World War I. Much of the Territory of New Guinea was occupied by Japanese forces during World War II; Rabaul, on the island of New Britain was a major Japanese base (see New Guinea campaign).

Under the Papua New Guinea Provisional Administration Act, (1945–46), the territories of Papua and New Guinea were combined in an administrative union.

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