Teruel: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

—  Municipality  —


Coat of arms
Teruel is located in Spain
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 40°20′37″N 1°6′26″W / 40.34361°N 1.10722°W / 40.34361; -1.10722Coordinates: 40°20′37″N 1°6′26″W / 40.34361°N 1.10722°W / 40.34361; -1.10722
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Aragón
Province Teruel
Comarca Comunidad de Teruel
Judicial district Teruel
Founded 1171
 - Alcalde Miguel Ferrer (PAR)
 - Total 440.41 km2 (170 sq mi)
Elevation 915 m (3,002 ft)
Population (2009)
 - Total 35,396
 - Density 80.4/km2 (208.2/sq mi)
 - Demonym Turolense
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 44001 - 44003
Dialing code 978
Official language(s) Spanish
Website Official website

Teruel is a city in Aragon, eastern Spain, and the capital of Teruel Province. It has a population of 34,240 in 2006 making it one of the least populated province capitals in the country. It is noted for its harsh climate (hot in summer and very cold in winter), its renowned jamón serrano (cured ham), its pottery, its surrounding archaeological sites with some of the oldest dinosaur remains of the Iberian Peninsula, and its famous Fiestas (La vaquilla del ángel during the second weekend of July and "Bodas de Isabel de Segura" around the third weekend of February). Teruel is regarded as the "city of mudéjar" due to numerous buildings designed in this style. All of them are comprised in the Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon which is a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.

Teruel's remote and mountainous location (it is 915 metres above sea level) and its low population has led to relative isolation within Spain. A campaign group with the slogan "Teruel existe" ("Teruel exists") was founded in 1999 to press for greater recognition and investment in the city and the province. Due in part to the campaign, transport connections to Teruel are being greatly improved with the construction of a motorway between Zaragoza and Sagunto, large parts of which are now open. However, Teruel remains the only provincial capital in Spain without a direct railway link to the capital, Madrid.



The little bull, Teruel's totem.

Teruel was founded in 1176 by Sancho Sánchez Muñoz and Blasco Garcés Marcilla. In the Middle Ages Teruel possessed a prominent Jewish community, which was robust during the centuries Muslim Arabs were in power and enjoyed several privileges. Later on after the Christian reconquest of Spain, the Jewish community paid a yearly tax of 300 sueldos (in the fourteenth cenruty). Its members were engaged in commerce and industry, especially in wool-weaving. During the persecutions of 1391 many of them were killed, while others accepted Christianity in order to save their lives.[1]

Teruel was fought over in the Spanish Civil War and suffered much destruction. The Battle of Teruel in December 1937-February 1938, was one of the bloodiest of the war. The city changed hands several times, first falling to the Republicans and eventually being re-taken by the Nationalists. In the course of the fighting, Teruel was subjected to heavy artillery and aerial bombardment. The two sides suffered up to 100,000 casualties between them in the three month battle.

Main sights

Torre de San Martín .
View of the mudéjar Cathedral of Teruel.
San Pedro Church´s apse.
La Escalinata.

The beauty of the city's cultural inheritance, which has some Islamic influence, has been recognised by UNESCO, which includes four churches in the World Heritage Site Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon, notably the city's ornate cathedral in the Mudéjar style.

One of Teruel's best known monuments is very small statue of a bull on top of a tall column, known as El Torico ("the little bull"). It is located in the main square, Plaza Carlos Castell, more commonly known as the Plaza del Torico in the middle of the city center.

Other sights include:

  • The Gothic church of St. Francis (1391-1492).
  • Los Arcos, an aqueduct with two orders of arcade from 1538.
  • San Pedro, a notable mudéjar church (16th century) with a tower similar to that of the cathedral. It includes a mausoleum housing the mummified bodies of Isabel Segura (a rich lady) and Diego de Marcilla (a poor man who battled at Crusades to earn some money with the intention to return to get married with Isabel) whose love ended tragically. This story is known as los amantes de Teruel and has inspired writers (for example Hartzenbusch) and an opera composed by Tomás Bretón.
  • Church of La Merced, with a tower in mudéjar style.
  • Church of San Salvador (17th century), with one of the most outstanding mudéjar towers. It houses a 14th century wooden sculpture of Christ.
  • Church of San Martín (17th century).
  • Church of San Miguel (12th century), remade in the 17th century in Baroque style.
  • Castillo de Alambes, a 15th century fortification built over the Arabic Alcazar.
  • Torre de San Martín (13th century), in mudéjar style, considered the most beautiful in Teruel.
El Torico House.


Plaza del Torico.

On the outskirts of Teruel is Dinópolis Teruel, a combined theme park and museum centred around dinosaurs. Promoted as a Parque paleontológico (paleontological park), it includes a life-size robotic model of a Tyrannosaurus rex.[2] Dinópolis also owns three other museums in the surrounding area, which display the remains of dinosaurs discovered in the region.[3]. The chimney of Teruel Power Plant belongs to the tallest freestanding structures in Western Europe.

Famous people


See also

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Teruel is a city in Aragon in Spain.

Get in

The station is well down below the town and anybody with mobility difficulties might want to consider a taxi. For the fully fit there are multiple flights of steps.


Teruel is the site of some of the most impressive Mudejar architecture in all Spain. Examples are:

  • The Cathedral - impressive from outside but rather a mixture of styles
Teruel Cathedral from the museum.
Teruel Cathedral from the museum.
  • El Salvador - very decorated Mudejar tower with a plain tower within and a staircase usually open between them.
  • San Pedro - site of the Alabaster tomb of 'Los Amantes' (The Lovers of Teruel). Good Mudejar tower and complete coverage of internal bricks with designs.

Also well worth seeing are;

  • The aqueduct/viaduct
  • The Provincial Museum - once a palace. Ensure that you ask the guide on the top floor to let you out to the arcaded exterior for a terrific view of the Cathedral.
  • Dinopolis is a huge paleonthological museum disguised as a amusement park, if you look for amusement you'll be dissapointed, but if you like fossils, don't hesitate to go. It's a little far away, though.


There's a tradition to do during the festivities in July, that is throwing meringue to the town hall's door.


Teruel jamon serrano, you can purchase it in some deli shops in the city center. Do not purchase any "typical bakery", it's not true that is made there, and it's industrial-made.


The best places are 'asadores' and 'rokelin' (there are several ones), anything else is fancy expensive food, you'll be hungry after eating in those places.


We don't have a typical drink, but you can find microbrews in some bakeries.

Get out

Some pubs in the party zone (called simply "la zona") are trully troll nests, don't go there.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Teruel discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


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