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In this Japanese name, the family name is Katayama.
Tetsu Katayama
片山 哲


In office
24 May 1947 – 10 March 1948
Monarch Shōwa
Governor Douglas MacArthur
Preceded by Shigeru Yoshida
Succeeded by Hitoshi Ashida

Born 28 July 1887(1887-07-28)
Tanabe, Japan
Died 30 May 1978 (aged 90)
Political party Democratic Socialist Party (1928–1978)
Other political
affiliations
Socialist Party (Before 1948)
Alma mater Tokyo Imperial University
Religion Protestantism

Tetsu Katayama (片山 哲 Katayama Tetsu, July 28, 1887 - May 30, 1978) was a Japanese politician and the 46th Prime Minister from May 24, 1947 to March 10, 1948.

Early life

He was born in Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, and attended Tokyo Imperial University. Raised in the Christian faith, he was strongly influenced by the Christian Socialism of Abe Iso. After graduating, he opened a law office in a rented YMCA dormitory, and worked as an attorney.

Early political life

Katayama joined the Japan Socialist Party and was elected to the House of Representatives, representing Kanagawa Prefecture, in 1930. He became known as a leader of the "social democratic wing" of the party, and joined Abe Iso and Nishio Suehiro in opposing the expulsion of Saitō Takao.

Prime Minister and later life

In 1945, Katayama became secretary general and committee chairman of the party. Following the 1947 elections, in which the Socialist Party came in first, Katayama formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party and the Citizens' Cooperation Party. However, the influence of left-wing socialists such as Suzuki Mosaburo forced Katayama to resign early in his term.

After his resignation, Katayama became a member of the Democratic Socialist Party and advocated the maintenance of the pacifist constitution, election reform, and formation of a global commonwealth.

He bears the distinction of having been the first socialist to serve as Prime Minister of Japan.

Political offices
Preceded by
Shigeru Yoshida
Prime Minister of Japan
1947–1948
Succeeded by
Hitoshi Ashida
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