Texas County, Missouri: Wikis

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Texas County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Texas County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Seat Houston
Largest city Cabool
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,179 sq mi (3,054 km²)
1,179 sq mi (3,054 km²)
1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.06
PopulationEst.
 - (2008)
 - Density

24,598
21/sq mi (8/km²)
Founded February 14, 1845
Named for The Republic of Texas
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.texascountymissouri.org/

Texas County is a county located in South Central Missouri in the United States. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, the county's population was 23,003. A 2008 estimate, however, showed the population to be 24,598. Its county seat is Houston[1]. The county was organized in 1843 as Ashley County, changing its name in 1845 to Texas, after the Republic of Texas.

Contents

History

Texas County, the largest of Missouri’s 114 counties, comprises 1,179 square miles of Ozark Highland. With the same name as the second largest of the fifty U.S. states, larger than the smallest State (Rhode Island 1,045 square miles), in terms of total land area.

When formed in 1843, it was named after William H. Ashley, the first lieutenant governor of Missouri, but when the county was officially organized on February 14, 1845, it was renamed for the Republic of Texas.

A seat of justice for the county was laid out in 1846 near the center of the county on Brushy Creek and named Houston for the first president of the Texas Republic. The present Texas County Courthouse, built in 1932, is the county’s sixth. It was remodeled in 1977 and again in 2007. The Texas County Justice Center built in 2007-08 is greatly appreciated.

Rugged hills, springs, creeks, rivers and caves abound in Texas County. The Native Americans were here in 1826. There have been many mounds found in the county as proof of Native Americans inhabitants. Native American paintings remain upon various bluffs over ancient campsites. The area was part of the 1808 Osage Native American land cession.

Pioneers came to Texas County in the 1820s from Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and the Carolinas and set up sawmills along the Big Piney River. With plenty of water and among the pine timber, pioneers made a nice income rafting the timber down the Piney River toward St. Louis. Some 48,000 acres in the north and northwest part of the county is now part of the Mark Twain National Forest, along with several acres in the southeast part of the county being part of the Ozark National Scenic Riverways Park. They homesteaded the fertile valleys and soon log cabins dotted various parts of the country. Small family farms are still a major part of the landscape of the county. The population of the first Federal Census of Texas County in 1850 was 2,312 citizens.

Life of the pioneer was happy and carefree; he knew nothing of food shortage, for he raised his own provisions, and with his trusty gun he could shoot various wild game. He hunted, trapped and sold furs to traveling buyers. Livestock was limited to razorback hogs and a few chickens. Horses were few and nearly everyone possessed a yoke of oxen. Farming has changed over the years. In the early 1900s farmers grew crops such as corn, wheat, oats, hay, a few cattle, hogs, etc. The 1990s found us to be a beef and dairy county along with the production of feeder pigs.

The American Civil War period was a time of turmoil in Texas County. The populace was predominantly Southern. The courthouse was occupied during the war by the Union Army as headquarters. Houston was an important place on the route from federal headquarters in Springfield to headquarters in Rolla. Some skirmishes were fought here. Confederate soldiers stormed the town, burning every building. Before the courthouse burnt, the Confederates loaded up all the county records, hauled them to a cave on Arthurs Creek, and kept them there, returning all the books safely, after the conflict was over.

Early social activities were confined to churchgoing when a preacher came to the community. Among the younger set, the amusements were old-time hoedowns, candy pulling, corn husking, barn warming, quilting bees, and log rolling. Arts and crafts have and continue to enter into the lives of many. People still gather for church activities, auctions, musicals, square dancing and sports of all kind. Like the early pioneers, today fishing and river floating are popular recreational activities in Texas County. Hunting is still enjoyed by many and Texas County is one of the leading counties statewide for deer and turkey.

Education

Of adults 25 years of age and older in Texas County, 71.4% possesses a high school diploma or higher while 10.8% holds a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment.

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Public Schools

Private Schools

Alternative & Vocational Schools

  • Exceptional Child Cooperative - Houston - (K-12) - Special Education
  • Gentry Residential Treatment Facility - Cabool (06-12) - Alternative

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,179 square miles (3,054 km²), of which, 1,179 square miles (3,052 km²) of it is land and 1 square miles (2 km²) of it (0.06%) is water.

Texas County is the largest county geographically in the state of Missouri; in fact, it is even bigger than the entire state of Rhode Island.

Adjacent counties

Texas County, Missouri, is one of the few counties in the United States to border as many as 8 counties.

Major highways

National protected areas

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 23,003 people, 9,378 households, and 6,647 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 9,378 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.47% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 0.96% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. Approximately 0.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,378 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.10% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 17.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,260, and the median income for a family was $34,503. Males had a median income of $25,071 versus $17,126 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,568. About 16.50% of families and 21.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.10% of those under age 18 and 17.20% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Politics

Local

Politics at the local level in Texas County is mostly controlled by the Democratic Party. In fact, all but five of Texas County’s elected officeholders are Democrats.

Office Incumbent Party
Assessor Debbie James Republican
Circuit Clerk & Ex Officio Recorder Phyllis Staley Democratic
Clerk Donald “Don” R. Troutman Democratic
Commissioner – District 1 John Casey Republican
Commissioner – District 2 Linda L. Garrett Republican
Coroner Thomas C. Whittaker Democratic
Presiding Commissioner Don Shelhammer Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Mike Anderson Republican
Public Administrator Theresa Campbell Democratic
Sheriff Carl Watson Democratic
Surveyor Louie Carmack, Jr. Democratic
Treasurer & Ex Officio Collector Tammy Cantrell Democratic

State

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 43.40% 4,688 54.14% 5,848 2.46% 265
2004 60.32% 6,644 37.92% 4,177 1.76% 193
2000 50.73% 5,030 47.49% 4,709 1.78% 176
1996 48.50% 4,558 48.19% 4,528 3.31% 311

Texas County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives.

  • District 144 - Rep. Tony Dugger (R-Hartville). Consists of some of the eastern portions of the county. In 2008, Dugger defeated Dennis Lee Chilton (D) 72.75-27.25 percent; Texas County backed Dugger with 69.29 percent of the vote while Chilton received 30.71 percent.
  • District 147 – Rep. Don Wells (R-Cabool). Consists of most of the entire county. In 2008, Wells ran unopposed and was reelected with 100% of the vote.

Texas County is also a part of Missouri's 33rd Senatorial District and is currently represented by State Senator Chuck Purgason (R-Caulfield). In 2008, Purgason defeated Eric Reeve (D) 67.31-32.69 percent. Texas County backed Purgason with 65.34 percent while Reeve received 34.66 percent. The 33rd Senatorial District consists of Camden, Howell, Laclede, Oregon, Shannon, Texas, and Wright counties.

In Missouri's gubernatorial election of 2008, Governor of Missouri Jay Nixon (D) defeated former U.S. Representative Kenny Hulshof (R) with 58.40 percent of the total statewide vote. Nixon performed extremely well and won many of the rural counties in the state, including Texas County. The former attorney general Nixon carried Texas County with 54.14 percent of the vote to Hulshof’s 43.40 percent.

Federal

In the U.S. House of Representatives, Texas County is represented by Jo Ann Emerson (R-Cape Girardeau) who represents all of Southeast Missouri as part of Missouri's 8th Congressional District.

Political Culture

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 66.49% 7,215 31.43% 3,410 2.08% 226
2004 65.66% 7,234 33.25% 3,664 1.09% 120
2000 61.78% 6,136 35.10% 3,486 3.12% 310
1996 43.06% 4,065 41.28% 3,897 15.66% 1,478

At the presidential level, Texas County is a fairly Republican-leaning county. George W. Bush carried Texas County by two-to-one margins in 2000 and 2004. Bill Clinton was the last Democratic presidential nominee to carry Texas County in 1992, and like many of the rural counties throughout Missouri, Texas County strongly favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008.

Like most rural areas throughout Southeast Missouri, voters in Texas County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which tend to influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Texas County with 85.63 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Texas County with 61.13 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Texas County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Texas County with 72.03 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

2008 Missouri Presidential Primary

In the 2008 Missouri Presidential Primary, voters in Texas County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.

Republican

Former Governor Mike Huckabee (R-Arkansas) won Texas County with 50.13 percent of the vote. U.S. Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) finished in second place in Texas County with 27.69 percent. Former Governor Mitt Romney (R-Massachusetts) came in third place, receiving 13.93 percent of the vote while libertarian-leaning U.S. Representative Ron Paul (R-Texas) finished fourth with 6.79 percent in Texas County.

Huckabee slightly led Missouri throughout much of the evening until the precincts began reporting from St. Louis where McCain won and put him over the top of Huckabee. In the end, McCain received 32.95 percent of the vote to Huckabee’s 31.53 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. McCain received all of Missouri’s 58 delegates as the Republican Party utilizes the winner-take-all system.

Democratic

Former U.S. Senator and now Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) won Texas County by a two-to-one margin over now President Barack Obama (D-Illinois). Clinton carried Texas County with 68.03 percent of the vote while Obama received 27.21 percent of the vote. Although he withdrew from the race, former U.S. Senator John Edwards (D-North Carolina) still received 3.70 percent of the vote in Texas County while 1.06 percent voted uncommitted.

Clinton had a large initial lead in Missouri at the beginning of the evening as the rural precincts began to report, leading several news organizations to call the state for her; however, Obama rallied from behind as the heavily African American precincts from St. Louis began to report and eventually put him over the top. In the end, Obama received 49.32 percent of the vote to Clinton’s 47.90 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. Both candidates split Missouri’s 72 delegates as the Democratic Party utilizes proportional representation.

  • Hillary Rodham Clinton received more votes, a total of 1,858, than any candidate from either party in Texas County during the 2008 Missouri Presidential Primaries.

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

Coordinates: 37°19′N 91°58′W / 37.32°N 91.96°W / 37.32; -91.96


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Texas County, Missouri
Map
File:Map of Missouri highlighting Texas County.png
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the USA highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1843
Seat Houston
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.06%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

23003

Texas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of 2000, the population was 23,003. Its county seat is Houston6. The county was organized in 1843 as Ashley County, changing its name in 1845 to Texas, after the Republic of Texas.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,054 km² (1,179 sq mi). 3,052 km² (1,179 sq mi) of it is land and 2 km² (1 sq mi) of it (0.06%) is water.

Texas County is the largest geographic county in the state of Missouri, with Cabool being the largest city in the county in 2000.

Adjacent counties

Texas County, Missouri, is one of the few counties in the United States to border as many as 8 counties.

Major highways

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 23,003 people, 9,378 households, and 6,649 families residing in the county. The population density was 8/km² (20/sq mi). There were 10,764 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (9/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 96.47% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 0.96% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. 0.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,378 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.10% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 17.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,545, and the median income for a family was $29,039. Males had a median income of $25,071 versus $17,126 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,799. About 16.50% of families and 21.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.10% of those under age 18 and 17.20% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns


Coordinates: 37°19′N 91°58′W / 37.32, -91.96

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Texas County, Missouri. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Texas County, MissouriRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Missouri  +
Short name Texas County  +

This article uses material from the "Texas County, Missouri" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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