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Tezozomoctli

4 Rabbit3 Rabbit
1418 – 1430
Preceded by Xaltemoctzin
Succeeded by Tecocoatzin

Died 1430
Atzompan
Father Tlacateotl
Mother Xiuhtomiyauhtzin

Tezozomoctli (originally Teçoçomoctli; ruled 1418[1]–1430[2]) was a tlatoani ("ruler" or "king") of the pre-Columbian Nahua altepetl (city-state) of Cuauhtitlan in central Mexico. His palace was located at Huexocalco.[1]

Tezozomoctli was born at the Mexica city of Tlatelolco. His father was Tlacateotl, who was the second tlatoani of Tlatelolco.[3] His mother was Xiuhtomiyauhtzin, the daughter of the tlatoani of Coatl Ichan, Acolmiztli.[4] Tezozomoctli was probably named after his great-grandfather, the powerful ruler of Azcapotzalco.

Tezozomoctli's ancestors in three generations[5]
Tezozomoctli Father:
Tlacateotl
Paternal Grandfather:
Quaquapitzahuac
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Huehue Tezozomoctli
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Tzihuacxochitzin
Paternal Grandmother:
Chalchiuhxochitzin
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Toteoci
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Acxocuetzin
Mother:
Xiuhtomiyauhtzin
Maternal Grandfather:
Acolmiztli
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Tzompantzin
Maternal Great-grandmother
Maternal Grandmother Maternal Great-grandfather
Maternal Great-grandmother

In the Tepanec War in the year 3 Rabbit (1430), Cuauhtitlan was attacked and defeated by the combined forces of the surrounding peoples. After being informed at his refuge at Cincoc Huehuetocan that Cuauhtitlan had been captured, Tezozomoctli travelled to Atzompan where he committed suicide by poison.[2]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Bierhorst (1992): pp. 80–81.
  2. ^ a b Bierhorst (1992): pp. 90–93.
  3. ^ Bierhorst (1992): p. 91; Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 2, pp. 59, 113. The Annals of Cuauhtitlan (in Bierhorst 1992) actually give Tezozomoctli's father once as Tlacateotl (p. 91) and once as Cuauhtlatoa (pp. 80–81), Tlacateotl's successor.
  4. ^ Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 2, p. 113.
  5. ^ Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 2, pp. 111–133.

References

  • Bierhorst, John (tr.) (1992). History and Mythology of the Aztecs: The Codex Chimalpopoca. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.  
  • Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, Domingo Francisco de San Antón Muñón (1997). Codex Chimalpahin: Society and Politics in Mexico Tenochtitlan, Tlatelolco, Texcoco, Culhuacan, and Other Nahua Altepetl in Central Mexico. ed. and tr. by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Susan Schroeder. Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press.  
Preceded by
Xaltemoctzin
Tlatoani of Cuauhtitlan
4 Rabbit3 Rabbit
1418 – 1430
Succeeded by
Tecocoatzin
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