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Kingdom of Thailand
ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Ratcha Anachak Thai
Flag Emblem
AnthemPhleng Chat Thai
Royal anthemPhleng Sansoen Phra Barami
Location of  Thailand  (green)

in Southeast Asia  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital
(and largest city)
Bangkok1
13°45′N 100°29′E / 13.75°N 100.483°E / 13.75; 100.483
Official language(s) Thai[1]
Official scripts Thai alphabet
Demonym Thai
Government Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)
 -  Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva
Legislature National Assembly
 -  Upper House Senate
 -  Lower House House of Representatives
Formation
 -  Sukhothai Kingdom 1238 - 1448 
 -  Ayutthaya Kingdom 1351 - 1767 
 -  Thonburi Kingdom 1768 - 1782 
 -  Rattanakosin Kingdom 6 April 1782 
 -  Constitutional Monarchy 24 June 1932 
 -  Later Constitution 24 August 2007 
Area
 -  Total 513,120 km2 (50th)
198,115 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.4 (2,230 km2)
Population
 -  2010 estimate 63,723,953 (21st)
 -  2000 census 60,606,947[2] 
 -  Density 132.1/km2 (88th)
342/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $547.060 billion[3] (24th)
 -  Per capita $8,239[3] (86th)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $273.313 billion[3] (33rd)
 -  Per capita $4,116[3] (92nd)
Gini (2002) 42 
HDI (2007) 0.783[4] (medium) (87th)
Currency Baht (฿) (THB)
Time zone (UTC+7)
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .th
Calling code +66
1 ^ Thai name: Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or Krung Thep. The full name is Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Yuthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Phiman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit.
2 ^ According to the Department of Provincial Administration's official register, not taking into account unregistered citizens and immigrants.
Thailand (pronounced /ˈtaɪlænd/ TYE-land or /ˈtaɪlənd/[5]; Thai: ราชอาณาจักรไทย Ratcha Anachak Thai, IPA: [râːtɕʰa ʔaːnaːtɕɑ̀k tʰɑj]( listen)) is an independent country that lies in the heart of Southeast Asia. It is bordered to the north by Burma and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Burma. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast and Indonesia and India in the Andaman Sea to the southwest.
The country is a kingdom, a constitutional monarchy with King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the ninth king of the House of Chakri, who has reigned since 1946, making him the world's longest-serving current head of state and the longest-reigning monarch in Thai history.[6] The king is officially titled as the Head of State, the Head of the Armed Forces, an Upholder of the Buddhist religion, and the Defender of all Faiths. The largest city in Thailand is Bangkok, the capital, which is also the country's center of political, commercial, industrial and cultural activities.
Thailand is the world's 50th largest country in terms of total area (slightly smaller than Yemen and slightly larger than Spain), with a surface area of approximately 513,000 km2 (198,000 sq mi), and the 21st most-populous country, with approximately 64 million people. About 75% of the population is ethnically Thai, 14% is of Chinese origin, and 3% is ethnically Malay;[7] the rest belong to minority groups including Mons, Khmers and various hill tribes. There are approximately 2.2 million legal and illegal migrants in Thailand.[8] Thailand has also attracted a number of expatriates from developed countries.[9] The country's official language is Thai.
Thailand has a prevalence of Buddhism that ranks among the highest in the world. The national religion is Theravada Buddhism which is practiced by more than 94.7% of all Thais. Muslims make up 4.6% of the population and 0.7% belong to other religions.[10] Thai culture and traditions are mainly influenced by Chinese, and to a lesser degree, by Indian culture, along with Burma, Laos and Cambodia. Thailand experienced rapid economic growth between 1985 and 1995 and is a newly industrialized country with tourism, due to well-known tourist destinations such as Pattaya, Bangkok, and Phuket, and exports contributing significantly to the economy.[11][12]

Contents

Etymology

The country's official name was Siam (Thai: สยาม RTGS: Sayam, pronounced [sàˈjǎːm]) until June 23, 1939,[13] It was then renamed Siam from 1945 to May 11, 1949, after which it was again renamed Thailand. Also spelled Siem, Syâm or Syâma, it has been identified with the Sanskrit Śyâma (श्याम, meaning "dark" or "brown"). The names Shan and A-hom seem to be variants of the same word, and Śyâma is possibly not its origin but a learned and artificial distortion.[14]
The word Thai (ไทย) is not, as commonly believed, derived from the word Tai (ไท) meaning "freedom" in the Thai language; it is, however, the name of an ethnic group from the central plains (the Thai people).[citation needed] A famous Thai scholar argued that Tai (ไท) simply means "people" or "human being" since his investigation shows that in some rural areas the word "Tai" was used instead of the usual Thai word "khon" (คน) for people.[15] The phrase "Land of the free" is derived from Thai pride in the fact that Thailand is the only country in Southeast Asia never colonized by a European power.
While the Thai people will often refer to their country using the polite form Prathet Thai (Thai: ประเทศไทย), they most commonly use the more colloquial word Mueang Thai (Thai: เมืองไทย) or simply Thai (Thai: ไทย); the word mueang (Thai: เมือง) meaning nation but most commonly used to refer to a city or town. Ratcha Anachak Thai (Thai: ราชอาณาจักรไทย) means "Kingdom of Thailand" or "Kingdom of Thai".
Etymologically, its components are: -Ratcha- (from Sanskrit raja, meaning "king, royal, realm") ; -ana- (from Pāli āṇā, "authority, command, power", itself from Sanskrit ājñā, same meaning) -chak (from Sanskrit cakra or cakraṃ meaning "wheel", a symbol of power and rule). The Thai National Anthem (Thai: เพลงชาติ) refers to the Thai nation as: prathet-thai (Thai: ประเทศไทย). The first line of the national anthem is: prathet thai ruam lueat neua chat chuea thai (Thai: ประเทศไทยรวมเลือดเนื้อชาติเชื้อไทย) and was translated in 1939 by Colonel Luang Saranuprabhandi as: “Thailand is the unity of Thai blood and body.”

History

An example of pottery discovered near Ban Chiang in Udon Thani province, the earliest dating to 2100 BCE.
The region known as Thailand has been inhabited by humans since the Paleolithic period, about 10,000 years ago. Similar to other regions in Southeast Asia, it was heavily influenced by the culture and religions of India, starting with the kingdom of Funan around the 1st century CE.
After the fall of the Khmer Empire in the 13th century, various states thrived there, such as the various Tai, Mon, Khmer and Malay kingdoms, as seen through the numerous archaeological sites and artifacts that are scattered throughout the Siamese landscape. Prior to the 12th century however, the first Thai or Siamese state is traditionally considered to be the Buddhist kingdom of Sukhothai, which was founded in 1238.
Buddhist images at Wat Mahathat built during the Sukhothai period.
Following the decline and fall of the Khmer empire in the 13th14th century, the Buddhist Tai kingdoms of Sukhothai, Lanna and Lan Chang were on the ascension. However, a century later, the power of Sukhothai was overshadowed by the new kingdom of Ayutthaya, established in the mid-14th century in the lower Chao Phraya River or Menam area.
Ayutthaya's expansion centered along the Menam while in the northern valley the Lanna Kingdom and other small Tai city-states ruled the area. Thailand retained a tradition of trade with its neighbouring states, from China to India, Persia and Arab lands. Ayutthaya became one of the most vibrant trading centres in Asia. European traders arrived in the 16th century, beginning with the Portuguese, followed by the French, Dutch and English.
After the fall of Ayutthaya in 1767 to the Burmese, King Taksin the Great moved the capital of Thailand to Thonburi for approximately 15 years. The current Rattanakosin era of Thai history began in 1782, following the establishment of Bangkok as capital of the Chakri dynasty under King Rama I the Great. A quarter to a third of the population of some areas of Thailand were slaves.[16][17]
.Despite European pressure, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian nation that has never been colonized.^ The Third International Malaysia-Thailand Conference on Southeast Asian Studies .
  • Thailand Conferences, Conventions, Trade Shows and Meetings 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.allconferences.com [Source type: News]

Two main reasons for this were that Thailand had a long succession of very able rulers in the 19th century and that it was able to exploit the rivalry and tension between French Indochina and the British Empire. As a result, the country remained a buffer state between parts of Southeast Asia that were colonized by the two powers, Great Britain and France.
The ruins of Wat Chaiwatthanaram at Ayutthaya, the city was burned and sacked in 1767 by a Burmese army under the Alaungpaya Dynasty.
Western influence nevertheless led to many reforms in the 19th century and major concessions, most notably being the loss of a large territory on the east side of the Mekong to the French and the step-by-step absorption by Britain of the Shan (Thai Yai) States (now in Burma)[citation needed] and the Malay Peninsula.

20th century

The losses initially included Penang and Tumasik (Singapore) and eventually culminated in the loss of four predominantly ethnic-Malay southern provinces, which later became Malaysia's four northern states, under the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909.
In 1932, a bloodless revolution carried out by the Khana Ratsadon group of military and civilian officials resulted in a transition of power, when King Prajadhipok was forced to grant the people of Siam their first constitution, thereby ending centuries of absolute monarchy.
During World War II, the Empire of Japan demanded the right to move troops across Thailand to the Malayan frontier. Japan invaded the country and engaged the Thai Army for six to eight hours before Plaek Pibulsonggram ordered an armistice. Shortly thereafter Japan was granted free passage, and on December 21, 1941, Thailand and Japan signed a military alliance with a secret protocol wherein Tokyo agreed to help Thailand regain territories lost to the British and French. Subsequently, Thailand undertook to 'assist' Japan in its war against the Allies, while at the same time maintaining an active anti-Japanese resistance movement known as the Seri Thai.
Grand Palace in Bangkok built in 1782, is the official residence of the King of Thailand.
After the war, Thailand emerged as an ally of the United States. As with many of the developing nations during the Cold War, Thailand then went through decades of political instability characterised by coups d'état as one military regime replaced another, but eventually progressed towards a stable prosperity and democracy in the 1980s.

Southern violence

The Malay Peninsula was once known as Tanah Melayu (Malay Land). It extends from Singapore to the Isthmus of Kra bordering Burma, Thailand and Malay Land. Phuket is Bukit (hill) in Malay, "Satun" is "Setol" (a tropical fruit) was the Province of "Kedah" under the Malay Sultanate and Patani (Land of Farmers) was also part of the Malay Sultanate. In these areas people once spoke both English as well as Sam-sam, a local version of the Siamese language. The majority of residents were Muslims. Thailand pushed to dominate the peninsula as far as Malacca in the 1400s and held much of the peninsula for the next few centuries, including Tumasek (Singapore) some of the Andaman Islands and a colony on Java, but eventually failed when the British used force to guarantee their suzerainty over the sultanate.
All the states of the Malay Sultanate presented annual gifts to the Thai king in the form of a golden flower, which understood the gesture to be tribute and an acknowledgement of vassalage. The British intervened in the Malay State and with the Anglo-Siamese Treaty tried to build a railway from the south to Bangkok, Thailand relinquished sovereignty over what are now the northern Malay provinces of Kedah, Perlis, Kelantan and Terengganu to the British. Satun and Pattani provinces were given to Thailand. The Malay peninsula provinces were infiltrated by the Japanese during World War II, and by the Malayan Communist Party (CPM) from 1942 to 2008, when they decided to sue for peace with the Malaysian and Thai governments after the CPM lost its support from Vietnam and China subsequent to the Cultural Revolution. Recent insurgent uprisings may be a continuation of separatist fighting which started after World War II with Sukarno's support for the PULO, and the intensification. Most victims since the uprisings have been Buddhist and Muslim bystanders.

Politics and government

History

Bangkok's Democracy Monument: a representation of the 1932 Constitution sits on top of two golden offering bowls above a turret.
Since the political reform of the absolute monarchy in 1932, Thailand has had 17 constitutions and charters.[18][19] Throughout this time, the form of government has ranged from military dictatorship to electoral democracy, but all governments have acknowledged a hereditary monarch as the head of state.[20][21]

28th of June 1932

Prior to 1932, the Kingdom of Siam did not possess a legislature, as all legislative powers were vested within the person of the monarch. This has been the case since the foundation of the Sukhothai Kingdom in the 12th century: as the King was seen as a “Dharmaraja” or “King who rules in accordance with Dharma” (the Buddhist law of righteousness). However on the 24 June 1932 a group of civilians and military officers, calling themselves the Khana Ratsadon (or People’s Party) carried out a bloodless revolution, in which the 150 years of absolute rule of the House of Chakri was ended. In its stead the group advocated a constitutional form of monarchy with an elected legislature.
The "Draft Constitution" of 1932 signed by King Prajadhipok, create Thailand’s first legislature, a People’s Assembly with 70 appointed members. The Assembly met for the first time on the 28 June 1932, in the Ananda Samakhom Throne Hall. The Khana Ratsadon decided that the people were not yet ready for an elected assembly, however they later changed their minds. By the time the "Permanent" Constitution came into force in December of that year, elections were scheduled for the 15 November 1933. The new constitution also changed the composition of the Assembly to 78 directly elected and 78 appointed (by the Khana Ratsadon) together compromising 156 members.

1997 to 2006

Ananda Samakhom Throne Hall the old meeting place of the National Assembly, now only the State Opening is held there.
Parliament House the meeting place of the two chambers of the National Assembly of Thailand.
The 1997 Constitution was the first constitution to be drafted by popularly elected Constitutional Drafting Assembly, and was popularly called the "People's Constitution".[22] The 1997 Constitution created a bicameral legislature consisting of a 500-seat House of Representatives (สภาผู้แทนราษฎร, sapha phutaen ratsadon) and a 200-seat Senate (วุฒิสภา, wuthisapha). For the first time in Thai history, both houses were directly elected.
Many human rights are explicitly acknowledged, and measures were established to increase the stability of elected governments. The House was elected by the first past the post system, where only one candidate with a simple majority could be elected in one constituency. The Senate was elected based on the province system, where one province can return more than one senator depending on its population size.
The two houses of the National Assembly have two different terms. In accordance with the constitution the Senate is elected to a six year term, while the House is elected to a four year term. Overall the term of the National Assembly is based on that of the House. The National Assembly each year will sit in two sessions an "ordinary session" and a "legislative session". The first session of the National Assembly must take place within thirty days after the general election of the House of Representatives. The first session must be opened by the King in person by reading a Speech from the Throne; this ceremony is held in the Ananda Samakhom Throne Hall. He may also appoint the Crown Prince or a representative to carry out this duty. It is also the duty of the King to prologue sessions through a Royal Decree when the House term expires. The King also has the prerogative to call extraordinary sessions and prolong sessions at his discretion.
The National Assembly may host a "Joint-sitting" of both Houses under several circumstances. These include: The appointment of a Regent, any alteration to the 1924 Palace Law of Succession, the opening of the first session, the announcement of policies by the Cabinet of Thailand, the approval of the declaration of war, the hearing of explanations and approval of a treaty and the amendment of the Constitution.
Members of the House of Representatives served four-year terms, while senators served six-year terms. The 1997 People's Constitution also promoted human rights more than any other constitutions. The court system (ศาล, saan) included a constitutional court with jurisdiction over the constitutionality of parliamentary acts, royal decrees, and political matters.
The January 2001 general election, the first election under the 1997 Constitution, was called the most open, corruption-free election in Thai history.[23] The subsequent government was the first in Thai history to complete a 4-year term. The 2005 election had the highest voter turnout in Thai history.[24][25] Despite efforts to clean up the system, vote buying and electoral violence remained problems of electoral quality in 2005.[26]
The PollWatch Foundation, Thailand's most prominent election watchdog, declared that vote buying in this election, specifically in the North and the Northeast, was more serious than in the 2001 election. The organization also accused the government of violating the election law by abusing state power in presenting new projects in a bid to seek votes.

2006 coup d'état

Soldiers of the Royal Thai Army in the streets of Bangkok on the day after the coup.
Without meeting much resistance, a military junta overthrew the interim government of Thaksin Shinawatra on 19 September 2006. The junta abrogated the constitution, dissolved Parliament and the Constitutional Court, detained and later removed several members of the government, declared martial law, and appointed one of the king's Privy Counselors, General Surayud Chulanont, as the Prime Minister. The junta later wrote a highly abbreviated interim constitution and appointed a panel to draft a permanent constitution. The junta also appointed a 250-member legislature, called by some critics a "chamber of generals" while others claimed that it lacks representatives from the poor majority.[27][28]
In this interim constitution draft, the head of the junta was allowed to remove the prime minister at any time. The legislature was not allowed to hold a vote of confidence against the cabinet and the public was not allowed to file comments on bills.[29] This interim constitution was later surpassed by the permanent constitution on 24 August 2007.
Martial law was partially revoked in January 2007. The ban on political activities was lifted in July 2007,[30] following the 30 May dissolution of the Thai Rak Thai party. The new constitution has been approved by a referendum on 19 August, which led to a return to democratic elections on 23 December 2007.

Political crisis

Royal Thai Policemen at the ready during the 2008 political crisis.
The People's Power Party (Thailand), led by Samak Sundaravej formed a government with five smaller parties. Following several court rulings against him in a variety of scandals, and surviving a vote of no confidence, and protesters blockading government buildings and airports, in September 2008, Sundaravej was found guilty of conflict of interest by the Constitutional Court of Thailand (due to being a host in cooking TV program),[31] and thus, ended his term in office.
He was replaced by PPP member Somchai Wongsawat. As of October 2008, Wongsawat was unable to gain access to his offices, which were occupied by protesters from the People's Alliance for Democracy. On December 2, 2008, Thailand's Constitutional Court found the ruling Peoples Power Party [32] guilty of electoral fraud, which led to the dissolution of the party according to the law.
After defections from smaller parties the opposition Democrats Party was able to form a government, a first for the party since 2001. The leader of the Democrat party, and former leader of the opposition, Abhisit Vejjajiva was appointed and sworn-in as the 27th Prime Minister, together with the new cabinet on 17 December 2008.
Thailand remains an active member of the regional Association of South-East Asian Nations.

Armed forces

F-16 Block 15OCUs in flight, Royal Thai Air Force
The Royal Thai Armed Forces (Thai: กองทัพไทย: Kongthap Thai) is the name of the military of the Kingdom of Thailand. It consists of the following branches:
Today the Royal Thai Armed Forces comprises about 1,025,640 personnel. The Head of the Thai Armed Forces (จอมทัพไทย: Chomthap Thai) is His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX),[33] however this position is only nominal. The Armed Forces is managed by the Ministry of Defence of Thailand, which is headed by the Minister of Defence (a member of the Cabinet of Thailand) and commanded by the Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters, which in turn is headed by the Chief of Defence Forces of Thailand.[34]
According to the Constitution of the Kingdom, serving in the Armed Forces is a duty of all Thai citizens.[35] However only males over the age of 21, who have not gone through reserve training (Ror Dor) are given the option of whether they want to volunteer for the armed forces, or pick the random draft. The candidates are subjected to varying lengths of training from 6 months to 2 years of fulltime service depending on their education, whether they have partially completed the reserve training course, and whether they volunteered prior to the drafting date (usually April 1st every year).
Candidates with a recognized bachelor's degree will be subjected to 1 year of full-time service if they picked the random draft, or 6 months if they volunteer at their respective district office (Sasadee).
Likewise, the training length is also reduced for those who have partially completed the 3-year reserve training course (Ror Dor). A person who completed 1 year out of 3 will only have to serve full-time for 1 year. Those completed 2 years of reserve training will only have to do 6 months of full-time training. While those who complete 3 years or more of reserve training will be exempted.
The Royal Thai Armed Forces Day is celebrated on January 18 to commemorate the victory of King Naresuan the Great in battle against the Crown Prince of Burma in 1593.

Education

Primary school students in Thailand
Thailand enjoys a high level of literacy, and education is provided by a well-organized school system of kindergartens, primary, lower secondary and upper secondary schools, numerous vocational colleges, and universities. The private sector of education is well developed and significantly contributes to the overall provision of education which the government would not be able to meet through the public establishments. Education is compulsory up to and including grade 9, and the government provides free education through to grade 12.
Thailand has never been colonized, and its teaching relies heavily on rote rather than on student-centred methodology. Education in a modern sense is therefore relatively recent and still needs to overcome some major cultural hurdles to ensure further development and improvement to its standards.
The establishment of reliable and coherent curricula for its primary and secondary schools is subject to such rapid changes that schools and their teachers are not always sure what they are supposed to be teaching, and authors and publishers of textbooks are unable to write and print new editions quickly enough to keep up with the volatile situation.
Chulalongkorn University, established in 1917 is the oldest university in Thailand.
The issue concerning university entrance has therefore also been in constant upheaval for a number of years. Nevertheless, education has seen its greatest progress in the years since 2001. Most of the present generation of students are computer literate, and knowledge of English is on the increase at least in quantity if not in quality.
There has been concern in recent years regarding the low IQ scores of many Thai youth. A study in the Nation newspaper reported that the "Department of Health and the Department of Mental Health will (make) an effort to combat low intelligence, after it found the average IQ level among many youths was lower than 80."[36] In 2006, the Vice Minister for Education Watchara Phanchet reported that "the average intelligence quotient (IQ) of Thai children, somewhere between 87 and 88 points, remains in the "low average" category when ranked internationally.[37] Further, with the exception of the well-educated wealthy class, the level of English speaking remains quite low.

Science and technology

Eastern Water Resources Development and Management Public Company Limited, a water technology and wholesale supply company in Bangkok, Thailand
14" telescope Astronomical Seeing Test project National Astronomical Research Institute, Ministry of Science & Technology
The National Science and Technology Development Agency is an agency of the government of Thailand which supports research in science and technology and their application in the Thai economy.
From the agency's website:
The National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) reflects the Thai government’s deep commitment to apply scientific and technological capabilities to promote and sustain the nation’s economic, social development and growth through the promotion of linkage and collaboration between the public and private sectors. Since its inception in 1991, NSTDA has grown into an active organization with a diverse program focusing on cutting-edge S&T research, design, development and engineering. NSTDA offers a full potential and opportunity for cooperative challenges and investment. Through such a convergence, the organization brings a layered, multi-faceted approach to the scholarly and most practical description of scientific and technological discoveries and advancement to serve national needs and maintain a sustained linkage with the international community.
L’Oreal (Thailand) with the support of the Thai National Commission for UNESCO announced the presentation of the “L’OREAL for Women in Science 2009” fellowship at Pullman Bangkok King Power Hotel. The fellowship awarded is presented annually to women working in doctoral and post-doctoral research who have already distinguished themselves in the life sciences.
Dr. Nitsara Karoonuthaisiri, Head of BIOTEC Microarray Laboratory is one of the recipients of the fellowship L’Oreal Thailand "For Women in Science 2009". Her research paper entitled “Applications of Microarray Technology in Research and Development in Thailand” attracted the interest of the L’Oreal Thailand judging.
Oréal Thailand fellowships are divided into two categories of ‘Life Science’ and ‘Material Science’. This year’s fellowships in the Life Science category were granted to Dr Nitsara Karoonuthaisiri from BIOTEC and Associate Professor Dr Artiwan Shotipruk from the Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University. In the Material Science category, fellowships were granted to Assistant Professor Dr Anongnat Somwangthanaroj from the Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, and Assistant Professor Dr Joongjai Panpranot from the Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University.
"L'Oreal was founded by a chemist, and more than half of our 3,000 researchers today are women. We feel a close bond with science and want to raise the profile of the women who are behind today's scientific advancements. We hope that the fellowship recipients will feel encouraged by the recognition their work has received, and that their stories will be an inspiration for other researchers," said Jean-Philippe Charrier, managing director of L'Oreal (Thailand).
“Microarray technology is still considered new to Thailand. Therefore, receiving this award will certainly help to promote the awareness to the importance and benefits that Microarray technology brings to the local research community. This will in turn help to increase the number of researchers in this field” said Dr. Kanyawim Kirtikara, Executive Director, BIOTEC.

Administrative divisions

Thailand is divided into 75 provinces (จังหวัด, changwat), which are gathered into 5 groups of provinces by location. There are also 2 special governed districts: the capital Bangkok (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon) and Pattaya, of which Bangkok is at provincial level and thus often counted as a 76th province.
Each province is divided into districts and the districts are further divided into sub-districts (tambons). As of 2006 there are 877 districts (อำเภอ, amphoe) and the 50 districts of Bangkok (เขต, khet). Some parts of the provinces bordering Bangkok are also referred to as Greater Bangkok (ปริมณฑล, pari monthon). These provinces include Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Samut Prakan, Nakhon Pathom and Samut Sakhon. The name of each province's capital city (เมือง, mueang) is the same as that of the province. For example, the capital of Chiang Mai province (changwat Chiang Mai) is Mueang Chiang Mai or Chiang Mai. The 76 provinces are as follows:
Map of Thailand

Central

  1. Ang Thong
  2. Bangkok (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon), Special Governed District of
  3. Chai Nat
  4. Kanchanaburi
  5. Lopburi
  6. Nakhon Nayok
  7. Nakhon Pathom
  8. Nonthaburi
  9. Pathum Thani
  10. Phetchaburi
  11. Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
  12. Prachuap Khiri Khan
  13. Ratchaburi
  14. Samut Prakan
  15. Samut Sakhon
  16. Samut Songkhram
  17. Saraburi
  18. Sing Buri
  19. Suphan Buri

East

  1. Chachoengsao
  2. Chanthaburi
  3. Chonburi
  4. Prachinburi
  5. Rayong
  6. Sa Kaeo
  7. Trat

North

  1. Chiang Mai
  2. Chiang Rai
  3. Kamphaeng Phet
  4. Lampang
  5. Lamphun
  6. Mae Hong Son
  7. Nakhon Sawan
  8. Nan
  9. Phayao
  10. Phetchabun
  11. Phichit
  12. Phitsanulok
  13. Phrae
  14. Sukhothai
  15. Tak
  16. Uthai Thani
  17. Uttaradit

Northeast (Isan)

  1. Amnat Charoen
  2. Buri Ram
  3. Chaiyaphum
  4. Kalasin
  5. Khon Kaen
  6. Loei
  7. Maha Sarakham
  8. Mukdahan
  9. Nakhon Phanom
  10. Nakhon Ratchasima
  11. Nong Bua Lamphu
  12. Nong Khai
  13. Roi Et
  14. Sakon Nakhon
  15. Si Sa Ket
  16. Surin
  17. Ubon Ratchathani
    Phra Borommathat Nakhon Si Thammarat Thailand
  18. Udon Thani
  19. Yasothon

South

  1. Chumphon
  2. Krabi
  3. Nakhon Si Thammarat
  4. Narathiwat
  5. Pattani
  6. Phang Nga
  7. Phatthalung
  8. Phuket
  9. Ranong
  10. Satun
  11. Songkhla
  12. Surat Thani
  13. Trang
  14. Yala
Largest Metropolitan Areas of Thailand
Rank Metropolitan area Population
1 Bangkok 11,971,000
2 Pattaya-Chon Buri 1,183,604
3 Chiang Mai 960,906
4 Hat Yai-Songkhla 801,747
5 Nakhon Ratchasima 439,546

Law enforcement in Thailand

Foreign relations

Shinawatra with then President of Russia Vladimir Putin at APEC Bangkok 2003 on 21 October 2003 in Bangkok
Pimpen Vejjajiva, Michelle Obama, Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva and U.S. President Barack Obama on 23 September 2009, in New York
Abhisit with Japanese prime minister Yukio Hatoyama on November 8, 2009, in Tokyo
The foreign relations of Thailand are handled by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Thailand and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Thailand
Thailand participates fully in international and regional organizations. It has developed increasingly close ties with other ASEAN members—Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Brunei, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, and Vietnam—whose foreign and economic ministers hold annual meetings. Regional cooperation is progressing in economic, trade, banking, political, and cultural matters. In 2003, Thailand served as APEC host. Dr. Supachai Panitchpakdi, the former Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand, currently serves as Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). In 2005 Thailand attended the inaugural East Asia Summit.
In recent years, Thailand has taken an increasingly active role on the international stage. When East Timor gained independence from Indonesia, Thailand, for the first time in its history, contributed troops to the international peacekeeping effort. Its troops remain there today as part of a UN peacekeeping force. As part of its effort to increase international ties, Thailand has reached out to such regional organizations as the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Thailand has contributed troops to reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Thaksin initiated negotiations for several free trade agreements with China, Australia, Bahrain, India, and the US. The latter especially was criticized, with claims that high-cost Thai industries could be wiped out.[38]
Thailand joined the US-led invasion of Iraq, sending a 423-strong humanitarian contingent. It withdrew its troops on 10 September 2004. Two Thai soldiers died in Iraq in an insurgent attack.
Thaksin announced that Thailand would forsake foreign aid, and work with donor countries to assist in the development of neighbors in the Greater Mekong Sub-region.[39]
Thaksin was repeatedly attacked for acting undiplomatically with foreign leaders and the international community. Besides his famous swipe at the UN (see The 'war on drugs' above), there were also allegations of gaffes at international meetings.[40]
Thaksin was ambitious to position Thailand as a regional leader, initiating various development projects in poorer neighbouring countries like Laos. More controversially, he established close, friendly ties with the Burmese dictatorship, including extending the impoverished country a 4 billion baht credit line so it could conclude a satellite telecom deal with his family business.[41]
Thaksin energetically supported his former foreign minister Surakiart Sathirathai's somewhat improbable campaign to become UN Secretary General.
Abhisit appointed Peoples Alliance for Democracy leader Kasit Piromya as Foreign Minister. Prior to his appointment, Kasit had led anti-Cambodia protests and called Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen a "gangster" (he later claimed the word he used actually meant "a person who is lionhearted, a courageous and magnanimous gentleman"). In April 2009, "large-scale fighting" erupted between Thai and Cambodian troops amid the 900-year-old ruins of the Preah Vihear Hindu temple near the Cambodian border. The Cambodian government claimed its army had killed at least four Thais and captured 10 more, although the Thai government denied that any Thai soldiers were killed or injured. Two Cambodian soldiers were killed and three Thai soldiers were killed. Both armies blamed the other for firing first and denied entering the other's territory.[42][43]

Communications

  • Telephone: Thailand has about 7,024,000 base telephones, and about 51,377,000 numbers for GSM/3G
  • Radio: AM 238 stations, FM 351 stations
  • Television: 6 stations with 111 network stations. There are about 15,190,000 cable subscribers.
  • Satellite: 4 satellites

Transportation

Geography

Dawn at Patong beach, Phuket Province, Thailand.
Mountainous landscape of Northern Thailand
Totaling 513,120 square kilometres (198,120 sq mi),[44] Thailand is the world's 50th largest country in land mass, while it is the world's 20th largest country in terms of population. It is comparable in population to countries such as France and the United Kingdom, and is similar in land size to France and California in the United States; it is just over twice the size of the entire United Kingdom, and 1.4 times the size of Germany. The local climate is tropical and characterized by monsoons. There is a rainy, warm, and cloudy southwest monsoon from mid-May to September, as well as a dry, cool northeast monsoon from November to mid-March. The southern isthmus is always hot and humid.
Thailand is home to several distinct geographic regions, partly corresponding to the provincial groups. The north of the country is mountainous, with the highest point being Doi Inthanon at 2,565 metres above sea level (8,415 ft). The northeast, Isan, consists of the Khorat Plateau, bordered to the east by the Mekong River. The centre of the country is dominated by the predominantly flat Chao Phraya river valley, which runs into the Gulf of Thailand. The south consists of the narrow Kra Isthmus that widens into the Malay Peninsula. Politically, there are six geographical regions which differ from the others in population, basic resources, natural features, and level of social and economic development. The diversity of the regions is the most pronounced attribute of Thailand's physical setting.
The Chao Phraya and the Mekong River are the sustainable resource of rural Thailand. Industrial scale production of crops use both rivers and their tributaries. The Gulf of Thailand covers 320,000 km² and is fed by the Chao Phraya, Mae Klong, Bang Pakong and Tapi Rivers. It contributes to the tourism sector owing to its clear shallow waters along the coasts in the Southern Region and the Kra Isthmus. The Gulf of Thailand is also an industrial center of Thailand with the kingdom's main port in Sattahip along with being the entry gates for Bangkok's Inland Seaport. The Andaman Sea is regarded as Thailand's most precious natural resource as it hosts the most popular and luxurious resorts in Asia. Phuket, Krabi, Ranong, Phang Nga and Trang and their lush islands all lay along the coasts of the Andaman Sea and despite the 2004 Tsunami, they continue to be and ever more so, the playground of the rich and elite of Asia and the world.
Plans have resurfaced of a logistical connection of the two bodies of water which would be coined the Thai Canal, analogous to the Suez and the Panama Canal. Such an idea has been greeted with positive accounts by Thai politicians as it would cut fees charged by the Ports of Singapore, improve ties with China and India, lower shipping times and increase ship safety owing to pirate fears in the Strait of Melaka and, support the Thai government's policy of being the logistical hub for Southeast Asia. The ports would improve economic conditions in the south of Thailand, which relies heavily on tourism income, and it would also change the structure of the Thai economy moving it closer to a services center of Asia. The canal would be a major engineering project and has expected costs of 20–30 billion dollars.

Economy

Bangkok, the largest city, business and industrial center of the country
Bangkok, Bangkok at night, view from State Tower
View of the Business district skyline in Bangkok
Night view of Bangkok city
Thailand is an emerging economy and considered as a newly industrialized country. After enjoying the world's highest growth rate from 1985 to 1996 – averaging 9.4% annually – increased pressure on Thailand's currency, the baht, in 1997, the year in which the economy contracted by 1.9% led to a crisis that uncovered financial sector weaknesses and forced the Chavalit Yongchaiyudh administration to float the currency, however, Prime Minister Chavalit Yongchaiyudh was forced to resign after his cabinet came under fire for its slow response to the crisis. The baht was pegged at 25 to the US dollar from 1978 to 1997, however, the baht reached its lowest point of 56 to the US dollar in January 1998 and the economy contracted by 10.8% that year. This collapse prompted the Asian financial crisis.
Thailand's economy started to recover in 1999, expanding 4.2% and 4.4% in 2000, thanks largely to strong exports. Growth (2.2%) was dampened by the softening of the global economy in 2001, but picked up in the subsequent years owing to strong growth in Asia, a relatively weak baht encouraging exports and increasing domestic spending as a result of several mega projects and incentives of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, known as Thaksinomics. Growth in 2002, 2003 and 2004 was 5–7% annually. Growth in 2005, 2006 and 2007 hovered around 4–5%. Due both to the weakening of the US dollar and an increasingly strong Thai currency, by March 2008, the dollar was hovering around the 33 baht mark.
Thailand exports an increasing value of over $105 billion worth of goods and services annually.[45] Major exports include Thai rice, textiles and footwear, fishery products, rubber, jewellery, cars, computers and electrical appliances. Thailand is the world’s no.1 exporter of rice, exporting more than 6.5 million tons of milled rice annually. Rice is the most important crop in the country. Thailand has the highest percentage of arable land, 27.25%, of any nation in the Greater Mekong Subregion.[46] About 55% of the arable land area is used for rice production.[47]
Substantial industries include electric appliances, components, computer parts and cars, while tourism in Thailand makes up about 6% of the economy. Prostitution in Thailand and sex tourism also form a de facto part of the economy. Cultural milieu combined with poverty and the lure of money have caused prostitution and sex tourism in particular to flourish in Thailand. One estimate published in 2003 placed the trade at US$4.3 billion per year or about three percent of the Thai economy.[48] According to research by Chulalongkorn University on the Thai illegal economy, prostitution in Thailand in the period between 1993 and 1995, made up around 2.7% of the GDP.[49] It is believed that at least 10% of tourist dollars are spent on the sex trade.[50]
The economy of Thailand is an emerging economy which is heavily export-dependent, with exports accounting for more than two thirds of gross domestic product (GDP) The exchange rate is Baht 33.00/USD.
Thailand has a GDP worth 8.5 trillion Baht (on a purchasing power parity (PPP) basis), or US$627 billion (PPP). This classifies Thailand as the 2nd largest economy in Southeast Asia after Indonesia. Despite this, Thailand ranks midway in the wealth spread in Southeast Asia as it is the 4th richest nation according to GDP per capita, after Singapore, Brunei and Malaysia.
It functions as an anchor economy for the neighboring developing economies of Laos, Burma, and Cambodia. Thailand's recovery from the 1997–1998 Asian financial crisis depended mainly on exports, among various other factors. Thailand ranks high among the world's automotive export industries along with manufacturing of electronic goods.
Most of Thailand's labor force is working in agriculture. However, the relative contribution of agriculture to GDP has declined while exports of goods and services have increased.[1]
Tourism revenues are on the rise. With the instability surrounding the recent coup and the military rule, however, the GDP growth of Thailand has settled at around 4-5% from previous highs of 5-7% under the previous civilian administration, as investor and consumer confidence has been degraded somewhat due to political uncertainty.
The incumbent elected civilian administration under Samak Sundaravej in power from January 29 to September 9, 2008 stated that the economy will have grown by 5.5% to 6% by the end of 2008. Due to rising oil and food prices, the annual inflation rate for 2008 shot up to 9.2% in July; a 10-year high, but it will unlikely reach double digit rates later this year as oil and food prices are stabilizing
Thailand generally uses the metric system but traditional units of measurement for land area are used, and imperial measure (feet, inches etc) are occasionally used with building materials such as wood and plumbing sizes. Years are numbered as B.E. (Buddhist Era) in education, the civil service, government, and on contracts and newspaper datelines; in banking, however, and increasingly in industry and commerce, standard Western year (Christian or Common Era) counting prevails.[51]

Demographics

Language

The official language of Thailand is Thai, a Kradai language closely related to Lao, Shan in Burma, and numerous smaller languages spoken in an arc from Hainan and Yunnan south to the Malaysian border. It is the principal language of education and government and spoken throughout the country. The standard is based on the dialect of the central Thai people, and it is written in the Thai alphabet, an abugida script that evolved from the Khmer script. Several other dialects exist, and coincide with the regional designations. Southern Thai is spoken in the southern provinces, and Northern Thai is spoken in the provinces that were formally part of the independent kingdom of Lannathai.
Thailand is also host to several other minority languages, the largest of which is the Lao dialect of Isan spoken in the northeastern provinces. Although sometimes considered a Thai dialect, it is a Lao dialect, and the region in where it is traditionally spoken was historically part of the Lao kingdom of Lan Xang. In the far south, Yawi, a dialect of Malay, is the primary language of the Malay Muslims. Chinese dialects are also spoken by the large Chinese population, Teochew being the dialect best represented.
Numerous tribal languages are also spoken, including those belonging to the Mon-Khmer family, such as Mon, Khmer, Viet, Mlabri; Austronesian family, such as Cham, Moken, and Orang Asli, Sino-Tibetan family such as Lawa, Akhan, and Karen; and other Tai languages such as Nyaw, Phu Thai, and Saek. Hmong is a member of the Hmong-Mien languages, which is now regarded as a language family of its own.
English is a mandatory school subject, but the number of fluent speakers remains very low, especially outside the cities.

Religion

Thailand religiosity
religion percent
Buddhism
  
94.7%
Islam
  
4.6%
Christianity
  
0.5%
Others
  
0.2%
According to the last census (2000) 94.7% of the total population are Buddhists of the Theravada tradition. Muslims are the second largest religious group in Thailand at 4.6%[52][53]. Thailand's southernmost provinces – Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and part of Songkhla Chumphon have dominant Muslim populations, consisting of both ethnic Thai and Malay. The southern tip of Thailand is mostly ethnically Malay, and most Malays are Sunni Muslims. Christians represent 0.5% of the population. A tiny but influential community of Sikhs in Thailand and some Hindus also live in the country's cities, and are heavily engaged in retail commerce. There is also a small Jewish community in Thailand, dating back to the 17th century. Since 2001, Muslim activists have rallied against the central government because of alleged corruption and ethnic bias among officials.

Culture

Theravada Buddhism is highly respected in Thailand.
The culture of Thailand incorporates a great deal of influence from India, China, Cambodia, and the rest of Southeast Asia. Thailand's national religion Theravada Buddhism is important to modern Thai identity. Thai Buddhism has evolved over time to include many regional beliefs originating from Hinduism, animism as well as ancestor worship. The official calendar in Thailand is based on the Eastern version of the Buddhist Era, which is 543 years ahead of the Gregorian (western) calendar. For example, the year AD 2010 is 2553 BE in Thailand.
Several different ethnic groups, many of which are marginalized, populate Thailand. Some of these groups overlap into Burma, Laos, Cambodia, and Malaysia and have mediated change between their traditional local culture, national Thai and global cultural influences. Overseas Chinese also form a significant part of Thai society, particularly in and around Bangkok. Their successful integration into Thai society has allowed for this group to hold positions of economic and political power.
Nuvola Thai flag.svg
Life in Thailand
Cuisine
Culture
Dance
Instruments
Demographics
Economy
Education
Film
Holidays
Languages
Literature
Media
Monarchy
Music
Politics
Religion
Society
Sport
Tourism
edit box
The traditional Thai greeting, the wai, is generally offered first by the younger of the two people meeting, with their hands pressed together, fingertips pointing upwards as the head is bowed to touch their face to the hands, usually coinciding with the spoken word "Sawasdee khrap" for male speakers, and "Sawasdee ka" for females. The elder then is to respond afterwards in the same way. Social status and position, such as in government, will also have an influence on who performs the wai first. For example, although one may be considerably older than a provincial governor, when meeting it is usually the visitor who pays respect first. When children leave to go to school, they are taught to wai to their parents to represent their respect for them. They do the same when they come back. The wai is a sign of respect and reverence for another, similar to the namaste greeting of India and Nepal.
Muay Thai, or Thai boxing, is the national sport in Thailand and its native martial art call "Muay". In the past "Muay" was taught to royal soldiers for combat on battlefield if unarmed. After they retired from the army, these soldiers often became Buddhist monks and stayed at the temples. Most of the Thai people's lives are closely tied to Buddhism and temples; they often send their sons to be educated with the monks. ”Muay” is also one of the subjects taught in the temples.[54] Muay Thai achieved popularity all over the world in the 1990s. Although similar martial arts styles exist in other Southeast Asian countries, few enjoy the recognition that Muay Thai has received with its full-contact rules allowing strikes including elbows, throws and knees.
Association football, however, has possibly overtaken Muay Thai's position as most widely viewed and liked sport in contemporary Thai society and it is not uncommon to see Thais cheering their favourite English Premier League teams on television and walking around in replica kits. Another widely enjoyed pastime, and once a competitive sport, is kite flying.
Thai seafood curry, an example of Thai cuisine.
Thai cuisine blends five fundamental tastes: sweet, spicy, sour, bitter and salty. Some common ingredients used in Thai cuisine include garlic, chillies, lime juice, lemon grass, and fish sauce. The staple food in Thailand is rice, particularly jasmine variety rice (also known as Hom Mali rice) which is included in almost every meal. Thailand is the world's largest exporter of rice, and Thais domestically consume over 100 kg of milled rice per person per year.[55] Over 5000 varieties of rice from Thailand are preserved in the rice gene bank of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), based in the Philippines. The king of Thailand is the official patron of IRRI.[56]
Like most Asian cultures, respect towards ancestors is an essential part of Thai spiritual practice. Thais have a strong sense of hospitality and generosity, but also a strong sense of social hierarchy. Seniority is an important concept in Thai culture. Elders have by tradition ruled in family decisions or ceremonies. Older siblings have duties to younger ones.
Taboos in Thailand include touching someone's head or pointing with the feet, as the head is considered the most sacred and the foot the dirtiest part of the body.Thai society has been influenced in recent years by its widely available multi-language press and media. There are some English and numerous Thai and Chinese newspapers in circulation; most Thai popular magazines use English headlines as a chic glamor factor. Many large businesses in Bangkok operate in English as well as other languages.
Thailand is the largest newspaper market in Southeast Asia with an estimated circulation of at least 13 million copies daily in 2003. Even upcountry, out of Bangkok, media flourishes. For example, according to Thailand's Public Relations Department Media Directory 2003-2004, the nineteen provinces of Isan, Thailand's northeastern region, hosted 116 newspapers along with radio, TV and cable.

International rankings

Organization Survey Ranking
Heritage Foundation Indices of Economic Freedom 50 out of 157
A.T. Kearney/Foreign Policy Magazine Global Services Location Index 2009 4 out of 50
Reporters Without Borders Worldwide Press Freedom Index 134 out of 169
Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 84 out of 179
United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index 78 out of 177
World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report(2008)[57] 34 out of 125

Sports

Thammasat University Stadium national sport
Muay Thai is Thailand's national sport
Muay Thai 1960's. They are of Pone Kingpetch national sport
Thai boxing
Muay Thai (Thai: มวยไทย, RTGS: Muai Thai, IPA: [muɛj tʰɑj], lit. "Thai Boxing") is a form of hard martial art practiced in large parts of the world, including Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries. The art is similar to others in Southeast Asia such as: Pradal Serey in Cambodia, Lethwei in Burma, Tomoi in Malaysia, and Muay Lao in Laos. Muay Thai has a long history in Thailand and is the country's national sport.
These pictures are from the 1960s. They are of Pone Kingpetch, a Thai, Hua Hin native boxer who defeated Pascal Perez, an Argentinean boxer to become the first Thai WBC Flyweight Champion on 16 April 1960 and later a 3 time WBC Flyweight Champion. Pone Kingpetch originally known as Mana Sidokbuab, assumed this name from his training camp; Kingpetch. Thai fighters traditionally take on the name of the camps they train for. That owner of the gym and head coach’s, Thongtos Intratat is present in these pictures. Thongtos Intratat is also known for being the first person to officially formulate and bottle Namman Muay (Thai Liniment) which is desired for his fighter, Pone Kingpetch. Namman Muay (Thai Liniment) is still only produced by his direct descendants in Thailand.
Traditional Muay Thai practiced today varies significantly from the ancient art Muay Boran and uses kicks, punches and knee and elbow strikes in a ring with gloves similar to those used in Western boxing and this has led to Thailand gaining medals at the Olympic Games in Boxing.
Sepak Takraw Takraw (Thai: ตะกร้อ) is a sport native to Thailand , which the players hit a rattan ball and only be allowed to use their feet, knee, chest and head to touch the ball. Sepak Takraw is a form of this sport which appears in volley ball style, the players must volley a ball over a net and force it to hit the ground on oppnent's side. It is a popular in other countries in Southeast Asia also.
Rugby Rugby is also a growing sport in Thailand with the Thailand national rugby union team rising to be ranked 61st in the world.[58] Thailand became the first country in the world to host an international 80 kg welterweight rugby tournament in 2005.[59] The national domestic Thailand Rugby Union (TRU) competition includes several universities and services teams such as Chulalongkorn University, Mahasarakham University, Kasetsart University, Prince of Songkla University, Thammasat University, Rangsit University, the Thai Police, the Thai Army, the Thai Navy and the Royal Thai Air Force. Local sports clubs which also compete in the TRU include the British Club of Bangkok, the Southerners Sports Club (Bangkok) and the Royal Bangkok Sports Club.
Golf
Further information: Golf in Thailand
Thailand has been called the Golf Capital of Asia[60] as it is a popular destination for golf. The country attracts a large number of golfers from Japan, Korea, Singapore, South Africa and Western countries who come to play golf in Thailand every year.[61] The growing popularity of golf, especially among the middle classes and expats, is evident since there are more than 200 world-class golf courses nationwide,[62] and some of them are chosen to host PGA and LPGA tournaments, such as Amata Spring Country Club, Alpine Golf & Sports Club, Thai Country Club and Black Mountain Golf Club.
Other sports Other sports in Thailand are slowly growing as the country develops its sporting infrastructure. The success in sports like weightlifting and Taekwondo at the last two Summer Olympic Games has demonstrated that boxing is no longer the only medal chance for Thailand.
Football
Thammasat Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Bangkok, Thailand. It is currently used mostly for football matches. The stadium holds 25,000. It is located in Thammasat University's Rangsit campus.
It was built for the 1998 Asian Games by construction firm Christiani and Nielsen, the same company that constructed the Democracy Monument in Bangkok.
Its appearance is that of a scaled down version of the Rajamangala Stadium. The tribunes form a continuous ring which are quite low behind each goal but rise up on each side. Unlike the Rajamangala though, Thammasat has a roof covering both side tribunes. Most striking about this stadium are the floodlights. Thai architects usually favour concrete pylons but these are the steel variety. As viewed from the exterior of the stadium the base of each pylon seems to grip the outside of the stadium and they dramatically lean over the tribunes so as to better illuminate the playing area.
Thammasat was going to be used for PEA FC's match against Singapore Armed Forces FC in an Asian Champions League qualifier in February 2009 but the pitch was deemed unplayable and the match was switched to the Rajamangala.
Rajamangala National Stadium is the biggest sporting arena in Thailand. It currently has a capacity of 65,000. It is located in Bang Kapi, Bangkok. The stadium was built in 1998 for the 1998 Asian Games and is the home stadium of Thai football team up to present.

See also

References

  1. ^ CIA - The World Factbook -- Thailand. 2009-10-03. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/th.html
  2. ^ Population and Housing Census 2000, National Statistical Office
  3. ^ a b c d "Thailand". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2006&ey=2009&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=578&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=33&pr.y=5. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
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  5. ^ Merriam-Webster Online
  6. ^ "A Royal Occasion speeches". Worldhop.com Journal. 1996. http://www.worldhop.com/Journals/J5/ROYAL.HTM. Retrieved 2006-07-05. 
  7. ^ CIA World Factbook Thailand, CIA World Factbook.
  8. ^ THAILAND: Burmese migrant children missing out on education. IRIN Asia. June 15, 2009.
  9. ^ Hard lessons in expat paradise. BBC News. December 14, 2006.
  10. ^ Population by religion, sex, area and region, National Statistic Office of Thailand.
  11. ^ Thailand and the World Bank, World Bank on Thailand country overview.
  12. ^ The Guardian, Country profile: Thailand, 25 April 2009.
  13. ^ Thailand (Siam) History, CSMngt-Thai.
  14. ^ Eliot, Charles (1921). The Project Gutenberg EBook of Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 3 (of 3) [EBook #16847]. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd.. pp. Ch. xxxvii 1; citing in turn Footnote 189: The name is found on Champan inscriptions of 1050 A.D. and according to Gerini appears in Ptolemy's Samarade = Sâmaraṭṭha. See Gerini, Ptolemy, p. 170. But Samarade is located near Bangkok and there can hardly have been Tais there in Ptolemy's time; and Footnote 190: So too in Central Asia Kustana appears to be a learned distortion of the name Khotan, made to give it a meaning in Sanskrit.. 
  15. ^ จิตร ภูมิศักดิ์ 1976: "ความเป็นมาของคำสยาม ไทย ลาวและขอม และลักษณะทางสังคม ของชื่อชนชาติ" (Jid Phumisak 1976: "Coming Into Existence for the Siamese Words for Thai, Laotian and Khmer and Societal Characteristics for Nation-names")
  16. ^ Slave-owning societies. Encyclopædia Britannica.
  17. ^ Slavery in Nineteenth-Century Northern Thailand. Kyoto Review of South East Asia.
  18. ^ The Council of State, Constitutions of Thailand. This list contains 2 errors: it states that the 6th constitution was promulgated in 1912 (rather than 1952), and it states that the 11th constitution was promulgated in 1976 (rather than 1974).
  19. ^ Thanet Aphornsuvan, The Search for Order: Constitutions and Human Rights in Thai Political HistoryPDF (152 KB), 2001 Symposium: Constitutions and Human Rights in a Global Age: An Asia Pacific perspective
  20. ^ A list of previous coups in Thailand
  21. ^ A list of recent coups in Thailand's history
  22. ^ Kittipong Kittayarak, The Thai Constitution of 1997 and its Implication on Criminal Justice ReformPDF (221 KB)
  23. ^ Robert B. Albritton and Thawilwadee Bureekul, Developing Democracy under a New Constitution in ThailandPDF (319 KB), National Taiwan University and Academia Sinica Asian Barometer Project Office Working Paper Series No. 28, 2004
  24. ^ Pongsudhirak Thitinan, "Victory places Thaksin at crossroads," Bangkok Post, 9 February 2005
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  26. ^ Aurel Croissant and Daniel J. Pojar, Jr., Quo Vadis Thailand? Thai Politics after the 2005 Parliamentary Election, Strategic Insights, Volume IV, Issue 6 (June 2005)
  27. ^ The Nation, NLA 'doesn't represent' all of the people, 14 October 2006
  28. ^ The Nation, Assembly will not play a major role, 14 October 2006
  29. ^ The Nation, Interim charter draft, 27 September 2006
  30. ^ "Ban on political activities lifted". The Nation. 18 July 2007. http://www.nationmultimedia.com/2007/07/18/politics/politics_30041398.php. 
  31. ^ Thai Premier Ousted Over Stints on Cooking Show - washingtonpost.com
  32. ^ [1] Spiegel Online, December 2, 2008
  33. ^ Chapter 2 of the 2007 Constitution of Thailand
  34. ^ www.globalsecurity.org
  35. ^ Chapter 4 of the 2007Constitution of Thailand
  36. ^ Bangkok's Independent Newspaper
  37. ^ Thai children's IQ average low
  38. ^ FTA Watch Group website
  39. ^ "Thaksin's Chance for Leading Role in the Region". Straits Times. 10 March 2004. http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/display.article?id=3502. 
  40. ^ "Ex-envoys tell of 'multi-tasking' premier". The Nation. 17 March 2006. http://nationmultimedia.com/2006/03/26/headlines/headlines_30000240.php. 
  41. ^ 'Thaksin to face charges over Burma telecom deal. ICT News, 2 August 2007
  42. ^ The Telegraph, Troops from Thailand and Cambodia fight on border, 3 April 2009
  43. ^ Bloomberg, Thai, Cambodian Border Fighting Stops, Thailand Says, 3 April 2009
  44. ^ CIA - The World Factbook - Thailand
  45. ^ CIA world factbook - Thailand
  46. ^ CIA world factbook - Greater Mekong Subregion
  47. ^ IRRI country profile
  48. ^ http://pioneer.netserv.chula.ac.th/~ppasuk/illegaleconomy.doc
  49. ^ Paradise revealed, Taipei Times
  50. ^ Weights and measures in Thailand
  51. ^ "CIA World Factbook: Thailand". Central Intelligence Agency. 2007-02-08. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/th.html. Retrieved 2007-03-07. 
  52. ^ U.S. Department of States - Thailand
  53. ^ Muay Thai History
  54. ^ IRRI country profile Thailand
  55. ^ Cooperation of IRRI and ThailandPDF (38.7 KB)
  56. ^ "Global Competitiveness Report 2008-2009" (PDF). World Economic Forum. www.weforum.org. 2008. http://www.weforum.org/pdf/gcr/2008/rankings.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  57. ^ International Rugby Board - THAILAND
  58. ^ The Nation, [2], 19 July 2005
  59. ^ Golf in Thailand by Golfasia.com
  60. ^ Thailand woos foreign golfers with sun, sand traps | Reuters
  61. ^ Why to book with golf2thailand.com : Thailand Golf Courses Thailand Golf Packages

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Thailand topics

History: Ayutthaya Kingdom, Chakri Dynasty, Constitution of Thailand, Early history of Thailand, Effect of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on Thailand, Hariphunchai, History of Thailand (1768-1932), History of Thailand (1932-1973), History of Thailand since 1973, Lanna, Nakhon Si Thammarat kingdom, Pattani Kingdom, Plaek Pibulsonggram, Pridi Phanomyong, Sarit Dhanarajata, Siamese coup d'état of 1932, South Thailand insurgency, Srivijaya
Politics: 1997 Constitution of Thailand, 2006 Interim Constitution of Thailand, Administrative divisions of Thailand, Cabinet of Thailand, Constitution of Thailand, Constitutional Court of Thailand, Foreign relations of Thailand, National Assembly of Thailand, People's Alliance for Democracy, Sonthi Boonyaratglin, South Thailand insurgency, Pridiyathorn Devakula, Prem Tinsulanonda, Surayud Chulanont, 2006 Thai coup d'état, Thai 2006 interim civilian government, Thai Rak Thai, Thaksin Shinawatra, Samak Sundaravej
Economy: Agriculture in Thailand, Baht, Bank of Thailand, List of banks in Thailand Bureau of the Crown Property, Stock Exchange of Thailand, Suvarnabhumi Airport, Thai Airways International, Thaksinomics, Tourism in Thailand, Transport in Thailand, US-Thailand Free Trade Agreement, Rail transport in Thailand, Thai motorway network
Geography: Bangkok Metropolitan Area, Chao Phraya River,Demographics of Thailand, Doi Inthanon, Gulf of Thailand, Khao Lak, Khao Yai National Park, Khorat Plateau, Ko Chang, Ko Samet, Ko Samui, Kra Isthmus, Kwai river, Mekong, Patong Beach, Phi Phi Islands, Three Pagodas Pass
Provinces: Bangkok, Chiang Mai Province, Chiang Rai Province, Chonburi Province, Kanchanaburi Province, Khon Kaen Province, Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Narathiwat Province, Pattani Province, Phuket Province, Songkhla Province, Ubon Ratchathani Province, Udon Thani Province, Yala Province
Culture: Thai art, Buddhism in Thailand, Buddhist temples in Thailand, Cinema of Thailand, Cuisine of Thailand, Dance of Thailand, Education in Thailand, Farang, Flag of Thailand, Kathoey, Lakorn, Literature in Thailand, Thai language, Loy Krathong, Media of Thailand, Muay Thai, Music of Thailand, List of television stations in Thailand, Thai names, National Museum, Thai New Year, Public holidays in Thailand, Ramakien, Royal Flags of Thailand, Royal Flora Ratchaphruek, Thai greeting, Thai-style dresses, Traditional Thai musical instruments, Traditional Thai puppets
Others: Pridi Banomyong, King Bhumibol Adulyadej, Communications in Thailand, Elephant Nature Park, Environmental issues in Thailand, Grand Palace, Bangkok, Prostitution in Thailand, Queen Sirikit, Military of Thailand, Thai royal and noble titles, List of shopping malls in Thailand, Thai studies

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : Southeast Asia : Thailand
noframe
Location
Image:LocationThailand.png
Flag
Image:th-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital Bangkok
Government Constitutional Monarchy
Currency Thai baht (THB)
Area total: 514,000 km2
water: 2,230 km2
land: 511,770 km2
Population 63,038,247 (December 2007 est.)
Language Thai (official), ethnic and regional dialects
Religion Buddhist 95%, Muslim 3.8%, Christian 0.5%, Hindu 0.1%, other 0.6% (1991)
Electricity 220V/50Hz (American and/or European plug)
Calling Code +66
Internet TLD .th
Time Zone UTC +7
.Thailand (ประเทศไทย)[1], officially the Kingdom of Thailand (ราชอาณาจักรไทย) is a country in South-East Asia with coasts on the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand.^ Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Thailand 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both the Andaman Sea & the Gulf of Thailand are shallow.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Standard Thai is the official language of Thailand and is spoken in every province, though many areas also have a local dialect, and in the deep south, a variant of Malay is widely spoken.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It borders Myanmar (Burma) to the north-west, Laos to the north-east, Cambodia to the south-east and Malaysia to the south.^ Burma on her north and the kingdom of Ayutthaya on her south.
  • Buddhism in the Kingdom of Thailand 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC mahamakuta.inet.co.th [Source type: Original source]

^ Thailand shares international borders with Laos to the north, Cambodia to the east, Malaysia to the south, and Myanmar to the west.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thailand borders Malaysia , Laos , Myanmar and Cambodia .
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With great food, a tropical climate, fascinating culture and great beaches, Thailand is a magnet for travellers the world over.^ Thailand has a tropical, monsoonal climate.
  • Thailand News - Breaking World Thailand News - The New York Times 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ Thailand has a tropical climate.
  • Thailand Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With its proud history, tropical climate and renowned hospitality, Thailand is a never-ending source of fascination and pleasure for international visitors.
  • Car hire Thailand car rental locations - Europcar 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.europcarasia.com [Source type: News]

Garlanded statue, Wat Rajanadda, Bangkok
Garlanded statue, Wat Rajanadda, Bangkok
.Thailand is the most popular tourist destination in South-East Asia, and for a reason.^ Thailand , the jewel of south east Asia has become one of the most popular tropical holiday destinations in the world.
  • Thailand Property for Sale - ThaiPropertyWorld.com 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC thaipropertyworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Phuket Phuket is the largest island in Thailand and most popular destination after Bangkok.
  • Thailand Hotels, Cheap Hotel in Thailand, Hotels in Thailand, Discount Hotel Thailand 15 September 2009 3:35 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Add crystal clear water, a refreshing lack of roads, plus a laid-back lifestyle, and it's easy to see why Phi Phi is one of southern Thailand's most popular destinations.
  • Phi Phi Island: Everything you need to know about Phi Phi 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.phuket.com [Source type: General]

.You can find almost anything here: thick jungle as green as can be, crystal blue beaches that feel more like a warm bath than a swim in the ocean and food that can curl your nose hairs while tap dancing across your taste buds.^ Standard hotel decor (Not a real con for most people, though recently I like the decor of boutique hotels, feels more at home) .
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ Some, but not all, beaches have warning flags to indicate the degree of risk (red flag: sea condition dangerous for swimming; yellow flag: sea condition rough, swim with caution; green flag: sea condition stable).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From 100 wonderful eating experiences and the most comprehensive orientation of Thai food you'll find online, to reviews by Thailand Tatler of more than 150 of Bangkok's best restaurants, our food section is enough to make your stomach roar.
  • Bangkok Hotels, Tours, Shopping, Nightlife and Travel Information Guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.bangkok.com [Source type: General]

.Exotic, yet safe; cheap, yet equipped with every modern amenity you need, there is something for every interest and every price bracket, from beach front backpacker bungalows to some of the best luxury hotels in the world.^ Thailand Luxury Beach Hotels and Thailand luxury beach Resorts.
  • Thailand Hotel Reviews Asia Travel Reviews - Message Board - Yuku 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC asiatravelreviews.yuku.com [Source type: General]

^ Actual room availability and best available rates are kept up to date by the hotels themselves so it's safe to book now and and pay on departure .
  • Phuket hotels, Thailand: travel information guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.phuket.com [Source type: General]

^ Each of the rooms are decorated and furnished in authentic Lanna and Middle Rattanakosin Era with polished wood flooring and antique furniture combined with all the modern amenities you would expect of a 5 star hotel.
  • Siam Heritage Boutique Suites, Bangkok hotels | Sawadee.com, Thailand 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.sawadee.com [Source type: General]

.And despite the heavy flow of tourism, Thailand retains its quintessential Thainess, with a culture and history all its own and a carefree people famed for their smiles and their fun-seeking sanuk lifestyle.^ As people move around globally, cultures flow in all directions.

^ Thailand History: The Thai People > Thailand History: Bronze Age - 1511 Thailand History: 1511 - 2006.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thailand overview provides you all the information about its history, geography, culture, climate,and of course Thailand tourism for which the country is a hit with tourists, across the world!
  • Thailand Overview, Thailand Travel Guide, Thailand Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many travelers come to Thailand and extend their stay well beyond their original plans and others never find a reason to leave.^ The diversity found in Exotissimo Thailand package tours is just one of the reasons why it is such a wonderful place to travel.
  • Thailand Tours and Thailand Package Tours by Exotissimo Travel Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC thailand.exotissimo.com [Source type: General]

^ Once it is running successfully they plan to extend it to other classes, routes & trains.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ When a traveler enters the country, Thai Immigration stamps in his or her passport the date on which the traveler's authorized stay in Thailand will expire.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Whatever your cup of tea is, they know how to make it in Thailand.^ Our extensive online database of hotels makes it sure that you find a suitable accommodation in Thailand according to your choice and budget.
  • Thailand Hotels, Cheap Hotel in Thailand, Hotels in Thailand, Discount Hotel Thailand 15 September 2009 3:35 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thai Property World have set out some Thailand local information to help you make the most of your trip to amasing Thailand!
  • Thailand Property for Sale - ThaiPropertyWorld.com 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC thaipropertyworld.com [Source type: General]

^ The basics: A "visa" is not a credit card, it is a stamp put in your passport by a Thai embassy or consulate in your country stating how long you can stay in Thailand.

.This is not to say that Thailand doesn't have its downsides, including the considerable growing pains of an economy where an agricultural laborer is lucky to earn 100 baht per day while the nouveau riche cruise past in their BMWs, Bangkok, the capital, is notorious for its traffic jams and rampant development has wrecked much of once-beautiful Pattaya and Phuket.^ Any traveler remaining in Thailand beyond this date without having received an official extension will be assessed an immediate cash fine of 500 Baht per day, up to a maximum of 20,000 Baht, when departing Thailand.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Popular Thailand Destinations: A few of the must-sees on a Thailand trip would include beach islands like Phuket and Ko Samui in the south, the old capital of Ayutthaya, Chiang Mai and Sukkhotai in the north, popular resorts like Pattaya and island destinations like Ko Samet, besides the beautiful capital city, Bangkok.
  • Thailand Overview, Thailand Travel Guide, Thailand Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Estate Agents in Thailand market commecial properties from bars, restaurants, offices and more in each of the major areas like Phuket, Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Pattaya, Koh Samui to name a few.
  • Thailand Property for Sale - ThaiPropertyWorld.com 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC thaipropertyworld.com [Source type: General]

.In heavily touristed areas, some lowlifes have made scamming tourists into an art form.^ The best known have all been made into stage-plays, and it is in this form that they usually come before the notice of the general public.

^ Scams involving gems, city tours, entertainment venues, and credit cards are common, especially in areas heavily visited by tourists.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Dec., 2004, areas of S Thailand along the Indian Ocean were devastated by a tsunami; an estimated 8,000 people, some of them foreign tourists, died.
  • Thailand Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

History

.The earliest identifiably Thai kingdom was founded in Sukhothai in 1238, reaching its zenith under King Ramkhamhaeng in the 14th century before falling under the control of the kingdom of Ayutthaya, which ruled most of present-day Thailand and much of today's Laos and Cambodia as well, eventually also absorbing the northern kingdom of Lanna.^ The Thais established their own states, beginning with Sukhothai and the Ayutthaya Kingdom.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 14th century, the kingdom expanded and the capital moved to Ayutthaya.
  • Thailand Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the destruction of the kingdom of Nanchao by the Mongols under Kublai Khan in 1253, the slow infiltration of Thailand from the north turned into a mass migration.
  • Thailand Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ayutthaya was sacked in 1767 by the Burmese, but King Taksin regrouped and founded a new capital at Thonburi.^ After a single-reign capital established at Thonburi by Taksin, a new capital city was founded in 1782, across the Chao Phraya at the site of present-day Bangkok, by the founder of the current Chakri dynasty.
  • Thailand (07/09) 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the death of Rama Kamheng, Sukhothai declined and was absorbed by Rama Tibodi, prince of Utong, who established (c.1350) a new capital at Ayutthaya.
  • Thailand News - Breaking World Thailand News - The New York Times 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]
  • Thailand Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Burmese; in 1568 the Burmese captured Ayutthaya and dominated the country until c.1583, when King Naresuan (1555-1605) drove them from Siam.
  • Thailand News - Breaking World Thailand News - The New York Times 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]
  • Thailand Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His successor, General Chakri, moved across the river to Bangkok and became King Rama I, the founding father of the Chakri dynasty that rules (constitutionally) to this day.^ Bangkok was founded when King Rama I moved the city across the Chao Praya River from Thon Buri in 1782.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After a single-reign capital established at Thonburi by Taksin, a new capital city was founded in 1782, across the Chao Phraya at the site of present-day Bangkok, by the founder of the current Chakri dynasty.
  • Thailand (07/09) 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The teaching of history of Buddhism in Thailand is therefore not possible without referring to the periods when each dynasty ruled over the country and when the capital was moved generally southward for the sake of safety and convenience.
  • Buddhism in the Kingdom of Thailand 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC mahamakuta.inet.co.th [Source type: Original source]

.Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only South-East Asian country never to have been colonised by a foreign power, and fiercely proud of the fact.^ Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been taken over by a European power.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Thailand 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thailand was known as the Venice of the East.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps the fact that Thailand is the only Southeast Asian nation never to have been ruled by a European power is partly responsible for the wealth of history represented throughout the country, kept alive through the ages.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy.^ In 1932, Thailand became a constitutional monarchy.
  • Thailand Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although nominally a democracy with a constitutional monarchy after 1932, Thailand was ruled by a series of military governments interspersed with brief periods of democracy.
  • Thailand (07/09) 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1932, a bloodless coup transformed the Government of Thailand from an absolute to a constitutional monarchy.
  • Thailand (07/09) 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US ally following the conflict.^ In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US treaty ally following the conflict.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Thailand 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thailand was a major ally to the Americans during the Vietnam conflict.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the end of the Second World War in 1945, Thailand has had very close relations with the United States.
  • Thailand (07/09) 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After a string of military dictatorships and quickly toppled civilian Prime Ministers, Thailand finally stabilized into a fair approximation of a democracy and the economy boomed through tourism and industry.^ Thousands of girls from China's southern are trafficked into Thailand's sex industry; some go on to Malaysia or Singapore.
  • Thailand - Facts on Trafficking and Prostitution 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.uri.edu [Source type: News]

^ After a year-long largely civilian interim government and inconclusive elections, former army commander Suchinda Kraprayoon was appointed Prime Minister.
  • Thailand (07/09) 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1992 there were signs of popular opposition to continued military rule and, after antigovernment demonstrators were killed, King Bhumibol Adulyadej appointed a civilian as interim prime minister.
  • Thailand Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Above it all presided King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX), the world's longest-reigning monarch and a deeply loved and respected figure of near-mythic proportions.^ Bhumibol Adulyadej , Rama IX, was crowned king in 1950 after a four-year regency.
  • Thailand Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ King Rama IX is the longest reigning monarch on the planet, he has held on to his throne for 60 years ..
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadej is celebrating 60 years on the throne (making him the world's longest serving monarch) and this event has the Thai people entranced.

.In September 2006, a swift and bloodless military coup overthrew populist tycoon Thaksin Shinawatra's democratically elected but widely criticized government, exposing a fault line between the urban elite that has ruled Thailand and the rural masses that supported Thaksin.^ Hell they just had a successful military coup a few months back and the country is operating under a temporary government.
  • Thailand Trip Report — Bill's Poker Blog 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.billrini.com [Source type: General]

^ On September 19, in a bloodless coup d'etat, military coup leaders overthrew the government of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, which had won reelection in February 2005 in an election viewed as generally free and fair but marred by widespread vote buying.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Before new elections could be held, on September 19, 2006 a group of top military officers overthrew the caretaker Thaksin administration in a non-violent coup d’etat, repealed the 1997 constitution, and abolished both houses of parliament.
  • Thailand (07/09) 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thaksin went into exile and a series of unstable governments followed, with the successors of Thaksin's Thai Rak Thai party and the royalist-conservative People's Alliance for Democracy duking it out both behind the scenes and, occasionally, out in the streets, culminating in Bangkok's airports being seized and shut down for a week in November 2008. As of 2009, things have quieted down, but the political scene remains in flux and the direction of the country once the ailing King passes away is a question mark.^ Thai Rak Thai, Thai Love Thai, is Thaksin's majority party.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Thai’s are seriously laid back people.
  • Thailand Trip Report — Bill's Poker Blog 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.billrini.com [Source type: General]

^ The Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadej is celebrating 60 years on the throne (making him the world's longest serving monarch) and this event has the Thai people entranced.

Beach on Ko Tao
Beach on Ko Tao
.Thailand is largely tropical, so it's hot and humid all year around with temperatures in the 28-35°C range (82-95°F), a degree of relief provided only in the mountains in the far north of Thailand.^ The weather in Thailand is tropical with high temperatures and high humidity during the year.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Peninsular Thailand in the south (which includes Phuket and other offshore islands) is largely mountainous and covered with jungles.
  • Thailand Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These areas however, are a few degrees cooler during the 'winter' months of November to March, when generally it is still warm or hot and humid but with temperatures between 28 °C and 33 °C , travelling around is more bearable.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The careful observer will, however, note three seasons:
.
  • Cool: From November to the end of February, it doesn't rain much and temperatures are at their lowest, although you will barely notice the difference in the south and will only need to pack a sweater if hiking in the northern mountains, where temperatures can fall as low as 5°C. This is the most popular time to visit and, especially around Christmas and New Year's or at Chinese New Year a few weeks later, finding flights and accommodation can be expensive and difficult.
  • Hot: From March to June, Thailand swelters in temperatures as high as 40°C (104°F).^ We visited Thailand February 19-March 6.
    • Thailand Travel - Tours, Hotels and Day Trips in Thailand by Exotissimo 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC thailand.exotissimo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Most of the time on holiday you only sleep in the hotel so .
    • Thailand Trip Report — Bill's Poker Blog 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.billrini.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The weather in Thailand is tropical with high temperatures and high humidity during the year.
    • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Pleasant enough when sitting on the beach with a drink in hand, but not the best time of year to go temple-tramping in Bangkok.
  • Rainy: From July to October, although it only really gets underway in September, tropical monsoons hit most of the country.^ Estimates from January 1998 show 14% of prostituted persons are younger than 18 years and most of them from neighboring countries.
    • Thailand - Facts on Trafficking and Prostitution 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.uri.edu [Source type: News]

    ^ Many of the amateur video that came out of the tsunami showed people calmly watching the water come back in and by the time they realized that the water wasn’t going to stop nicely at the edge of the beach it was far too late already.
    • Thailand Trip Report — Bill's Poker Blog 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.billrini.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Though able and intelligent cultivators they do not take kindly to any form of labour other than agricultural, with the result that most of the industries and trades of the country are in the hands of Chinese.

    This doesn't mean it rains non-stop, but when it does it pours and flooding is not uncommon.
.There are local deviations to these general patterns.^ From now on there had been several Councils held in various lands at different times but all these are local and sectarian Councils and not universally accepted as the perfect ones.
  • Buddhism in the Kingdom of Thailand 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC mahamakuta.inet.co.th [Source type: Original source]

^ These activities not only improve the environmental quality of local communities, but also upgrade the living standard of villagers due to income generating activities.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.In particular, the south-east coast of Thailand (including Ko Samui) has the rains reversed, with the peak season being May-October and the rainy off season in November-February.^ The U.S. Embassy prohibits U.S. Embassy personnel from traveling to the far south of Thailand - Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala, and Songkhla provinces, including the town of Hat Yai - without prior mission approval, and Embassy personnel may travel there only on mission-essential travel.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Popular Thailand Destinations: A few of the must-sees on a Thailand trip would include beach islands like Phuket and Ko Samui in the south, the old capital of Ayutthaya, Chiang Mai and Sukkhotai in the north, popular resorts like Pattaya and island destinations like Ko Samet, besides the beautiful capital city, Bangkok.
  • Thailand Overview, Thailand Travel Guide, Thailand Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ South : Coastline on the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, including some of Thailand's most popular beach spots: Phuket , Krabi , Ko Samui and Ko Tao .
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

People

.Thailand's people are largely Thais, although there are significant minorities of Chinese and assimilated Thai-Chinese throughout the country, Muslims in the south near the Malaysian border and hill tribes such as the Karen and the Hmong in the north of the country.^ While 75% of the people are ethnically Thai, the country has a large Chinese minority, accounting for almost 15% of the population.
  • Thailand News - Breaking World Thailand News - The New York Times 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ This might seem strange although this gesture goes a far way to make friends and give a positive image of foreigners to Thai people.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Standard Thai is the official language of Thailand and is spoken in every province, though many areas also have a local dialect, and in the deep south, a variant of Malay is widely spoken.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The overwhelmingly dominant religion (95%) is Theravada Buddhism, although Confucianism, Islam, Christianity and animist faiths also jostle for position.^ Its people were said to accept Theravada Buddhism as their faith.
  • Buddhism in the Kingdom of Thailand 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC mahamakuta.inet.co.th [Source type: Original source]

^ Theravada Buddhism is the state religion; some 95% of the people are Buddhists, while about 5% are Muslims.
  • Thailand News - Breaking World Thailand News - The New York Times 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ Now that the Lankavangsa Buddhism was well patronized by King Ramkamhaeng of the Sukhothai dynasty, it finally dominated over the existing beliefs of the Theravada and Mahayana.
  • Buddhism in the Kingdom of Thailand 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC mahamakuta.inet.co.th [Source type: Original source]

The people respects the royalty, the King and the Queen, very much. Even pointing fingers to the picture of them is considered bad.
Wat Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai
Wat Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai
.Mainland Thai culture is heavily influenced by Buddhism.^ The major cultural influence is that of Buddhism, with Hinduism playing a minor part, besides the influence of Thailand's neighbours Laos, Vietnam and China.
  • Thailand Overview, Thailand Travel Guide, Thailand Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thai literature is another example of Western influence on Thai culture.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Khmer ( in Thai: Khmen = Cambodian ) influence remains more dominate ( genetic & cultural ) east of the Central Valley on the Korat Plateau nearer the Cambodian & Lao borders.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, unlike the Buddhist countries of East Asia, Thailand's Buddhists follow the Therevada school, which is arguably closer to its Indian roots and places a heavier emphasis on monasticism.^ Other countries in East Asia .

^ With an extensive network of well-maintained roads, Thailand is one of the best countries in Southeast Asia to embark on a self-drive program.
  • Thailand Travel - Tours, Hotels and Day Trips in Thailand by Exotissimo 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC thailand.exotissimo.com [Source type: General]

^ Thailand's economy benefited greatly from the huge input of American financial support to the only non communist country in SE Asia.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thai temples known as wats, resplendent with gold and easily identifiable thanks to their ornate, multicolored, pointy roofs are ubiquitous and becoming an orange-robed monk for a short period, typically the three-month rainy season, is a common rite of passage for young Thai boys and men.^ Traditionally, Buddhist monks retreated into their temples during the middle of the rainy season in order to avoid harming any of the field, especially rice fields, which were damaged by stepping on the young rice plant springing out of the ground during this time.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The next three fields are day, month, year (Remember that 2009 = 2552 in the Thai calendar!
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ It has been traditional for every Wat or temple in Thailand to arrange for every Wat or temple in Thailand to arrange for a delivering of the sermon four times a month.
  • Buddhism in the Kingdom of Thailand 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC mahamakuta.inet.co.th [Source type: Original source]

One pre-Buddhist tradition that still survives is the spirit house (ศาลพระภูมิ saan phraphuum), usually found at the corner of any house or business, which houses spirits so they don't enter the house and cause trouble. .The grander the building, the larger the spirit house, and buildings placed in particularly unlucky spots may have very large ones.^ I'd have to say one of my favorite places in Thailand would have to be Chiang Mai .
  • Thailand Travel - Tours, Hotels and Day Trips in Thailand by Exotissimo 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC thailand.exotissimo.com [Source type: General]

^ In the case where the person under paragraph two is unable to perform his duty, he shall not be regarded as one of the existing members of the House of Representatives or the Senate, as the case may be.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I'd have to say one of my favorite places in Thailand would have to be Chiang Mai.
  • Thailand Travel - Tours, Hotels and Day Trips in Thailand by Exotissimo 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC thailand.exotissimo.com [Source type: General]

.Perhaps the most famous spirit house in Thailand is the Erawan Shrine in central Bangkok, which protects the Erawan Hotel (now the Grand Hyatt Erawan) - built in 1956 on a former execution ground - and is now one of the busiest and most popular shrines in the city.^ Central : Bangkok and Thailand's lowlands.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Book now a Thailand hotels!
  • Thailand Hotels, Cheap Hotel in Thailand, Hotels in Thailand, Discount Hotel Thailand 15 September 2009 3:35 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Phuket Phuket is the largest island in Thailand and most popular destination after Bangkok.
  • Thailand Hotels, Cheap Hotel in Thailand, Hotels in Thailand, Discount Hotel Thailand 15 September 2009 3:35 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some traditional arts popular in Thailand include traditional Thai dancing and music, based on religious rituals and court entertainment.^ By popular demand, the chefs have introduced a range of traditional Thai dishes that highlight the freshness and individuality of Thai cuisine that has become popular across the world.
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ South : Coastline on the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, including some of Thailand's most popular beach spots: Phuket , Krabi , Ko Samui and Ko Tao .
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ THAILAND TRAVEL With its perfect mix of traditional Thai life and modern infrastructure, Thailand is an ideal place for a holiday.
  • Thailand Travel - Tours, Hotels and Day Trips in Thailand by Exotissimo 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC thailand.exotissimo.com [Source type: General]

.Famously brutal Thai boxing (muay Thai), derived from the military training of Thai warriors, is undoubtedly the country's best known indigenous sport.^ A small U.S. military advisory group in Thailand oversaw the delivery of equipment to the Thai Armed Forces and the training of Thai military personnel in its use and maintenance.
  • Thailand (07/09) 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition to the mainland Thai culture, there are many other cultures in Thailand including those of the "hill tribes" in the northern mountainous regions of Thailand (e.g., Hmong, Karen, Lisu, Lahu, Akha), the southern Muslims, and indigenous island peoples of the Andaman Sea.^ In the northern part of the Eastern Region of Thailand.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of the Karen & other hill tribe peoples in the Golden triangle have limited citizenship rights in Thailand.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thailand has numerous beaches, both on the mainland and on many of the islands in the Andaman Sea or the Gulf of Thailand.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Calendar

.In addition to the Gregorian calendar, Thailand also uses the Thai solar calendar, which is 543 years ahead.^ Additional Comments The Thai Government has no programme to develop or use sustainable development indicators at national, regional, or local levels.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Copies of Thailand's 17th constitution in 75 years are to be distributed to every Thai household ahead of the proposed August referendum.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A small U.S. military advisory group in Thailand oversaw the delivery of equipment to the Thai Armed Forces and the training of Thai military personnel in its use and maintenance.
  • Thailand (07/09) 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Thus, Thai year 2550 corresponds to the Western year 2007. Thai dates in English are often written as B.E., short for "Buddhist Era".
.Some Thai holidays are still calculated with the older Thai lunar calendar, so their dates change every year.^ During the Songkran (Thai New Year) holiday in April, the problem is further exacerbated by people throwing water at passing vehicles as part of the traditional celebration.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ King Size Bed (Tung style is Thai for a very special bed dating back two hundred years) with quality white linens.
  • Siam Heritage Boutique Suites, Bangkok hotels | Sawadee.com, Thailand 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.sawadee.com [Source type: General]

^ This festival takes place every year on the full moon night of the twelfth lunar month when the water level is high and the climate is cooler.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Wat Phra Si Sanphet, Ayutthaya
Wat Phra Si Sanphet, Ayutthaya
Thailand has a lot of holidays, mostly related to Buddhism and the monarchy. Nobody celebrates all of them, except for banks, which seem to be closed a lot.
.Makha Bucha (มาฆบูชา) - falls on the full moon in of the fourth Lunar month, which usually falls in February or March, and commemorates the spontaneous gathering of 1,250 people before the Buddha, which led to their ordination and subsequent enlightenment.^ This festival takes place every year on the full moon night of the twelfth lunar month when the water level is high and the climate is cooler.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is done on the Buddhist Sabbath day, called in Thai “Wan Phra”, which, calculated from the lunar calendar, falls on the full-moon day, the half-moon days (of the waxing moon and the waning moon) and the day before the new moon day.
  • Buddhism in the Kingdom of Thailand 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC mahamakuta.inet.co.th [Source type: Original source]

.At temples in Bangkok and throughout Thailand, Buddhists carry candles and walk around the main shrine three times in a clockwise direction.^ It has been traditional for every Wat or temple in Thailand to arrange for every Wat or temple in Thailand to arrange for a delivering of the sermon four times a month.
  • Buddhism in the Kingdom of Thailand 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC mahamakuta.inet.co.th [Source type: Original source]

^ Thousands of indigenous Burmese women from Shan State in the north and from Keng Tung in Eastern Burma have been sold into brothels in Bangkok and throughout Thailand.
  • Thailand - Facts on Trafficking and Prostitution 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.uri.edu [Source type: News]

^ The temple of Jetuvana in the reign of King Rama I became a treasure of religious knowledge for Buddhist scholars and the symbolic “Prang” of Bangkok was perfectly completed in his reign.
  • Buddhism in the Kingdom of Thailand 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC mahamakuta.inet.co.th [Source type: Original source]

.During Chinese New Year (ตรุษจีน), Chinese Thais, who are numerous in Bangkok, celebrate by cleaning their houses and offering food to their ancestors.^ During the Songkran (Thai New Year) holiday in April, the problem is further exacerbated by people throwing water at passing vehicles as part of the traditional celebration.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Siam Heritage Boutique Suites offers a year round exhibition of the various collections of famous Thai Artists at the Heritage Art Gallery.
  • Siam Heritage Boutique Suites, Bangkok hotels | Sawadee.com, Thailand 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.sawadee.com [Source type: General]

^ Phuket hotels for Chinese New Year, Easter holidays and low season summer .
  • Thailand Hotel Reviews Asia Travel Reviews - Message Board - Yuku 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC asiatravelreviews.yuku.com [Source type: General]

This is mainly a time of abundant feasting. Visit Bangkok's Chinatown or Yaowarat to fully embrace the festivity.
.Songkran (สงกรานต์) - undoubtedly the most fun holiday - is the celebration of the Thai New Year, sometime in April (officially April 13th to 15th, but the date varies in some locations).^ During the Songkran (Thai New Year) holiday in April, the problem is further exacerbated by people throwing water at passing vehicles as part of the traditional celebration.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Today's Thai people can boast of an archeologically documented societal / ethnic linage dating back over 6000 years .
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the time a bucket is a child's sand pale bucket filled with booze, a mixer, ice and a can of Thai redbull for a little more fun.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.What started off as polite ritual to wash away the sins of the prior year has evolved into the world's largest water fight, which lasts for three full days.^ These days, the festival has evolved into an all-out water fight.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The next three fields are day, month, year (Remember that 2009 = 2552 in the Thai calendar!
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Water pistols and Super Soakers are advised and are on sale everywhere. .The best places to participate are Chiang Mai, the Khao San Road area in Bangkok and holiday resorts like Pattaya, Ko Samui and Phuket.^ Bangkok to Chiang Mai (751 km) .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Bangkok to Ko Samui by train+ferry...
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Be advised that you will get very wet, this is not a spectator sport. .In recent years, the water-throwing has been getting more and more unpleasant as people have started splashing iced water onto each other.^ Standard hotel decor (Not a real con for most people, though recently I like the decor of boutique hotels, feels more at home) .
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ During the Songkran (Thai New Year) holiday in April, the problem is further exacerbated by people throwing water at passing vehicles as part of the traditional celebration.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In recent years some of the more popular backpacker locations have started to become more expensive, therefore making the more adventurous backpackers go to more remote islands or coastlines.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is advisable to wear dark clothing, as light colors may become transparent when wet.
.Loy Krathong (ลอยกระทง) falls on the first full moon day in the twelveth month in Luna calendar, usually on November, when people head to rivers, lakes and even hotel swimming pools to float flower and candle-laden banana-leaf (or, these days, styrofoam) floats called krathong (กระทง).^ Today is the eleventh day of the waxing moon in the ninth month of the year of the Pig under the lunar calendar, being Friday, the twenty-forth day of August under the solar calendar, in the 2550th year of the Buddhist Era.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One day I received a phone call about a program manager position at Tiltware which was the company that consulted to Full Tilt Poker on software development and marketing.
  • Thailand Trip Report — Bill's Poker Blog 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.billrini.com [Source type: General]

^ Its great for shopping and when you have had enough of the frantic pace, you can duck back into the hotel for a quick swim before heading out to do more of the same!
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

.The krathong is meant as a thank you offering to the river goddess who gives life to the people.^ Thai people respect water as "mother" who gives lives.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thais also believe that this is a good time to float away your bad luck and many will place a few strand of hair or finger nail clippings in the krathong.^ Arts & Culture # Airport officials in Bangkok will remove 12 “demon' statues because they believe the statues cause bad luck to shopkeepers.

^ Many Thai girls, some in their early teens, have been reported at various times working in brothels in Sydney, Australia.
  • Thailand - Facts on Trafficking and Prostitution 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.uri.edu [Source type: News]

^ This place is good, but I still like Old Siam Thai across the street better.
  • Siam Thai - Civic Center/Tenderloin - San Francisco, CA 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

.According to tradition, if you make a wish when you set down your krathong and it floats out of sight before the candle burns out, your wish will come true.^ But you have to make your reservation now before this amazing promotion comes to a close!
  • Bangkok Hotels, Tours, Shopping, Nightlife and Travel Information Guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.bangkok.com [Source type: General]
  • Phuket hotels, Thailand: travel information guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.phuket.com [Source type: General]

^ Our extensive online database of hotels makes it sure that you find a suitable accommodation in Thailand according to your choice and budget.
  • Thailand Hotels, Cheap Hotel in Thailand, Hotels in Thailand, Discount Hotel Thailand 15 September 2009 3:35 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its great for shopping and when you have had enough of the frantic pace, you can duck back into the hotel for a quick swim before heading out to do more of the same!
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

.Some provinces have their own version of Loy Krathong, such as Sukhothai where a spectacular show takes place.^ The consideration of an Emergency Decree by the House of Representatives and the Senate in case of reaffirmation of an Emergency Decree must take place at the first opportunity when such Houses hold their sittings.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some of the places I knew are no longer there but new businesses have sprung up to take their place.
  • Thailand Trip Report — Bill's Poker Blog 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.billrini.com [Source type: General]

^ Voting in such case shall not take place on the date of the conclusion of the debate.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

.To the North, Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai, have their own unique tradition of floating Kom or lit lanterns balloon.^ The AIDS epidemic has threatened to overwhelm at least six upper Northern provinces - Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lamphun, Lampang, Phayao and Mae Hong Son.
  • Thailand - Facts on Trafficking and Prostitution 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.uri.edu [Source type: News]

^ Chiang Mai is the second largest city in Thailand, having taken the title from Nakhon Ratchasima in the north-east just recently.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the population in the north is relatively sparse, rice is intensively cultivated in the river valleys, and one of the country's major cities, Chiang Mai , is in that area.
  • Thailand News - Breaking World Thailand News - The New York Times 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

.This sight can be breath-taking as the sky is suddenly filled with lights, rivaling the full moon.^ This festival takes place every year on the full moon night of the twelfth lunar month when the water level is high and the climate is cooler.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Coronation Day (May 5) commemorates the crowning of the current King in 1950 (although his reign actually began on June 9 1946 - making him not only the longest-serving monarch in Thai history, but also the world's longest-serving current Head of State).^ Thai King is world's richest royal .

^ Section 7 [] Whenever no provision under this Constitution is applicable to any case, it shall be decided in accordance with the constitutional practice in the democratic regime of government with the King as Head of the State.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

^ I will also uphold and observe the democratic regime of government with the King as Head of the State, the Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand and the law in every respect.” .
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

.The King's Birthday (December 5) is the country's National Day and also celebrated as Father's Day, when Thais pay respect to and show their love for His Majesty the King.^ The historical record of the last 500 years shows a brilliant 'chess game like strategy' executed by Thai kings.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thai women in the public and private sector enjoy maternity leave with pay for 60 to 90 days.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Section 160 [] An ordinary session of the National Assembly shall last one hundred and twenty days but the King may prolong it.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

Buildings and homes are decorated with the King's flag (yellow with his insignia in the middle) and his portrait. Government buildings, as well as commercial buildings, are decorated with lights. .In Old Bangkok (Rattanakosin) in particular, around the Royal Palace, you will see lavish light displays on trees, buildings, and the roads.^ You will see architectural similarity between the Ancient Site at Chon Buri Sukhumvit & temples in Bangkok Sukhumvit!
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/Detail of old Bangkok building.jpg .
  • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Queen's Birthday (August 12) is Mother's Day, and is celebrated similarly if with a little less pomp.

Regions

Thailand can be conveniently divided into five geographic and cultural regions:
Regions of Thailand
Regions of Thailand
.Northern Thailand
Chiang Mai, hill tribes, and the Golden Triangle.^ The AIDS epidemic has threatened to overwhelm at least six upper Northern provinces - Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lamphun, Lampang, Phayao and Mae Hong Son.
  • Thailand - Facts on Trafficking and Prostitution 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.uri.edu [Source type: News]

^ Pedragon is already serving a sentence for the rape of a nine-year-old mentally handicapped girl in the northern city of Chiang Mai - the first conviction of an Australian for sexual assault of a minor in Thailand.
  • Thailand - Facts on Trafficking and Prostitution 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.uri.edu [Source type: News]

^ The Karen tribe of the Thai Golden Triangle & Burma fought the Japanese with extreme vigilance.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Isaan
The great undeveloped north-east - get off the beaten track and discover backcountry Thailand and some magnificent Khmer ruins.^ Undiscovered Thailand, off the beaten track in Thailand, quiet beaches in Thailand and remote beaches in Thailand.
  • Thailand Hotel Reviews Asia Travel Reviews - Message Board - Yuku 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC asiatravelreviews.yuku.com [Source type: General]

^ Sunrise Coast and non touristy destinations in Thailand and off the beaten track places to visit in Thailand.
  • Thailand Hotel Reviews Asia Travel Reviews - Message Board - Yuku 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC asiatravelreviews.yuku.com [Source type: General]

^ North : Includes Chiang Mai , Chiang Rai and Mae Hong Son Northeast : Underdeveloped country; a genuine "off-the-beaten track" region.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Central Plains
Bangkok, lowlands and historic Thailand.^ Central : Bangkok and Thailand's lowlands.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Eastern Thailand
Beaches and islands within easy reach of Bangkok, like Pattaya, Ko Samet and Ko Chang.^ Beach near Bangkok Thailand.
  • Thailand Hotel Reviews Asia Travel Reviews - Message Board - Yuku 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC asiatravelreviews.yuku.com [Source type: General]

^ Thailand beaches and Thailand islands.
  • Thailand Hotel Reviews Asia Travel Reviews - Message Board - Yuku 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC asiatravelreviews.yuku.com [Source type: General]

^ South : Coastline on the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, including some of Thailand's most popular beach spots: Phuket , Krabi , Ko Samui and Ko Tao .
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Southern Thailand
Hundreds of kilometers of coastline and countless islands on both the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, plus Phuket, Krabi, Ko Samui, Ko Tao and many more of Thailand's famous beach spots.^ South : Coastline on the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, including some of Thailand's most popular beach spots: Phuket , Krabi , Ko Samui and Ko Tao .
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Phuket: Phuket is an island province in southern Thailand.The island is immensely popular for its beaches, the most famous of which is Patong Beach .
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both the Andaman Sea & the Gulf of Thailand are shallow.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Get in

.Ordinary passport holders of many Western and Asian countries, including most ASEAN countries, Australia, Canada, most European Union countries, Hong Kong, Japan, Russia and the United States do not need a visa if their purpose of visit is tourism.^ Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been taken over by a European power.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Thailand 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Holders of regular Canadian passports arriving by air for the purposes of tourism may enter Thailand for up to 30 days without requesting a visa in advance, while those entering Thailand overland from neighbouring countries for tourism purposes may stay for up to 15 days.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Over recent decades, U.S. security assistance included military training programs carried out in the United States and elsewhere.
  • Thailand (07/09) 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Visitors arriving by air receive 30-day permits (except for citizens of Korea, Brazil, Chile and Peru who get 90 days [2]), but effective December 15, 2008, those arriving by land are only allowed 15 days (visitors from several countries, mostly nearby ones, but notably including Russians, still get 30 days on the land border due to bilateral visa exemption).^ Malaysians entering by land from Malaysia are allowed to stay for 30 days.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This visa allows a stay of 15 days.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This visa allows you to stay for 60 days (for Tourist Visa Exemption countries) or 30 days (for all other countries).
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thai immigration requires visitors' passports to have a minimum of 6 months validity and at least one completely blank visa page remaining.^ ENTRY/EXIT REQUIREMENTS: U.S. citizen tourists staying for fewer than 30 days do not require a visa but must possess a passport that has at least six months validity remaining and may be asked to show an onward/return ticket.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When a traveler enters the country, Thai Immigration stamps in his or her passport the date on which the traveler's authorized stay in Thailand will expire.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is advisable to contact the Embassy of Thailand in Washington, DC, or one of the Thai consulates in the United States for specific information regarding customs requirements.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Visa-on-arrival is available at certain entry points for passport holders of 20 other nations, including India and China.^ Canadians have been arrested for having improper Thai visas or entry and exit stamps inserted into their passports.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Other owners of national broadcast media included the government's Public Relations Department (PRD).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ A passport that has been altered or that contains counterfeit visas and entry/exit stamps is technically invalid.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.Check the latest scoop from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs [3].^ The Ministry of Foreign Affairs assisted 270 Thai women and girls, most victims of sexual exploitation, to return from abroad in 2005 (down from 316 in 2004).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

By law, you must carry your passport with you at all times [4]
.Proof of onward transit, long happily ignored by Thai immigration, has been known to be strictly applied in some instances.^ Some Thais have been known to engage in fireworks fights so you do have to be careful sometimes.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Immigration officers, in their own discretion, may ask for a proof of onward journey which will depart by the end of the 30-day period.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.(Airlines, who have to pay for your return flight if immigration doesn't let you in, also check this.^ Check with your airline in case you have connecting flights overseas as part of your journey to Thailand.
  • Thailand Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Thai Visas Online. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC thailand.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Travel.com.au is your one-stop resource if you're looking for cheap flights from Australia for your next getaway.
  • Bangkok Hotels, Tours, Shopping, Nightlife and Travel Information Guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.bangkok.com [Source type: General]
  • Phuket hotels, Thailand: travel information guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.phuket.com [Source type: General]

^ Check out their range of cheap flights to Phuket and book your trip today!
  • Phuket hotels, Thailand: travel information guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.phuket.com [Source type: General]

) .A print-out of an e-ticket on a budget airline is sufficient to convince the enforcers, but those planning on continuing by land may have to get a little creative.^ Given that you need to show Thai officials that you have a ticket of departure (see Red Tape section), this may land you in some trouble.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All international flights and THAI Airways domestic flights operate out of Suvarnabhumi Airport , while Don Mueang airport is used by budget airlines for domestic flights.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Those activities implemented before 1992, which will continue throughout the 8th Plan, include : detailed classification, soil tests, socio economic surveys by soil types, soil classification, land use planning at the village level, and preparing a land use map at the provincial level.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

Buying a fully refundable ticket and getting it refunded once in Thailand is also an option. .Land crossings, on the other hand, are a very straightforward process and no proof of onward journey required (unless the border officials decide otherwise).^ Travellers should consult the Thai Tourist Police, by calling 1155 toll-free, to determine if official border crossing points are open.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ A Settlement Commission, organized in 1901, decided the ownership of lands, and, on completion, handed over its work to a Land Registration Department.

^ Borders should be crossed at designated crossing points only, with the required travel documentation.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

Overstaying in Thailand is dodgy. .If you make it to Immigration and are less than 10 days over, you'll probably be allowed out with a fine of 500 baht per day.^ Any traveler remaining in Thailand beyond this date without having received an official extension will be assessed an immediate cash fine of 500 Baht per day, up to a maximum of 20,000 Baht, when departing Thailand.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of these children were forced to turn over their daily earnings to the gang and were paid less than a dollar (34 baht) a day.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The rapid devaluation of the Baht left the Japanese contractor holding huge amount of Baht worth 40% less than they were when the contract was negotiated.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, if for any reason you're caught overstaying by the police — and drug raids etc are fairly common — you'll be carted off to the notoriously unpleasant illegal immigrant holding pens and may be blacklisted from Thailand entirely.^ Any foreigner found by police to be out of legal status prior to departure (during a Thai Immigration "sweep" through a guesthouse, for example) will be jailed, fined, deported at his or her own expense, and may be barred from re-entering Thailand.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you're flexible and aren't travelling in a peak holiday period, you'll be fine buying tickets when you get to Thailand.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Travelers should not accept drugs of any kind, as the drugs may be altered or harmful, and the use or sale of narcotic drugs is illegal in Thailand.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For most people it's not worth the risk: get a legal extension or do a visa run to the nearest border instead.

By plane

.Bangkok is one of Asia's largest hubs as well as the busiest airport in Southeast Asia; practically every airline that flies to Asia also flies to Bangkok, meaning competition is stiff and prices are low.^ Phi Phi, as well as being one of the world's most beautiful islands and a great nightlife hub, is also a gastronome's delight.
  • Phi Phi Island: Everything you need to know about Phi Phi 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.phuket.com [Source type: General]

^ Asia Hotel Bangkok has rooms available at special price on LateStays , starting at 2,295 THB for the next 28 Days only) .
  • Siam Hotels in Bangkok, Thailand 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.bangkok.com [Source type: General]

^ Bangkok was experiencing the first big building boom since World War II. Most of this new construction boom was directly attributable to the new war in Southeast Asia.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are also international flights directly to/from Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Krabi, Hat Yai and Udon Thani.^ Then take a bus from Hat Yai to Krabi.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ South : Coastline on the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, including some of Thailand's most popular beach spots: Phuket , Krabi , Ko Samui and Ko Tao .
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then take a bus from Hat Yai to Phuket, taking about 6 hours.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.The national carrier is the well-regarded THAI Airways [5], with Bangkok Airways [6] filling in some gaps in the nearby region.^ Thai Airways is the national airline, while AirAsia is another prominent airline in the region.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All activities under this programme area are rated as "important" or "very important"; some have been fully covered, most are well covered and gaps are being addressed.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ An overriding concern of successive Thai governments has been to reduce these regional income differentials, which have been exacerbated by rapid economic growth in and around Bangkok.
  • Thailand (07/09) 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bangkok Airways offers free internet access while you wait for boarding to start at your gate.^ Your holiday is the perfect time to indulge yourself and Phuket is packed with spas waiting to lavish you with luxury.
  • Phuket hotels, Thailand: travel information guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.phuket.com [Source type: General]

^ This means that, when you teach in the school, you will have to conform to the local teaching methods or style, but you will be free to choose your own way of teaching and may bring your own ideas into class.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There's a queuing system: When you enter, take a numbered ticket from the machine and wait until your number appears on the display, directing you to a particular reservation counter.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Chartered flights from and to Thailand from international destinations are operated by Hi Flying group.^ Although motorcycles can be easily rented in Thailand , Canadians are reminded that it is illegal to operate a motorcycle without a valid Thai motorcycle licence or an International Driving Permit with a motorcycle endorsement.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ In recent decades, Thailand has been a major destination for foreign direct investment, and hundreds of U.S. companies have operated here successfully.
  • Thailand (07/09) 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All international flights and THAI Airways domestic flights operate out of Suvarnabhumi Airport , while Don Mueang airport is used by budget airlines for domestic flights.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.They fly to Bangkok, Phuket, Koh Samui and Udon Thani.^ Substandard road conditions, local disregard for traffic laws, and drunk driving result in frequent accidents, particularly in the areas of Bangkok , Pattaya, Phuket and Koh Samui.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ In January 2005, three U.S. citizen tourists died when the over-crowded speedboat they were in capsized and sank off the coast of Koh Samui.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Phuket, Hua Hin, Koh Samui and others.
  • Thailand Hotel Reviews Asia Travel Reviews - Message Board - Yuku 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC asiatravelreviews.yuku.com [Source type: General]

Many low-cost carriers serve Thailand - see Discount airlines in Asia for an up to date list.
.For a full at-a-glance list of all Thai-based carriers, see the Thai airlines section (below).^ Persons with no card may not travel at all (see section 5).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ All necessary acts for the implementation of section 274 of this Constitution shall be carried out within three years as from the date of the promulgation of this Constitution.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

^ Given that you need to show Thai officials that you have a ticket of departure (see Red Tape section), this may land you in some trouble.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By road

.Cambodia - six international border crossings.^ Thailand shares international borders with Laos to the north, Cambodia to the east, Malaysia to the south, and Myanmar to the west.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All international travellers arriving at airports and some land border crossings will be required to proceed through thermal imaging channels and will be required to complete a questionnaire.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.The highway from Siem Reap and the temples of Angkor via Poipet to Aranyaprathet, once the stuff of nightmares, is now merely bad and can usually be covered in less than 3 hours.^ Aranyaprathet, 255 km from Bangkok, is just 15 km from the Cambodian border post at Poiphet from where buses run to Siem Reap and Battambang for the Cambodian train to Phnom Penh.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Usually, temperatures along the coastal areas of Thailand, including lots of popular islands, vary less than in Bangkok and the interior.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Angkor Wat Hotel reviews and Siem Reap Hotels in Cambodia South East Asia.
  • Thailand Hotel Reviews Asia Travel Reviews - Message Board - Yuku 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC asiatravelreviews.yuku.com [Source type: General]

.Laos - the busiest border crossing is at the Friendship Bridge across the Mekong between Nong Khai and the Lao capital Vientiane.^ Bangkok - Nong Khai (for travel to/from Vientiane, see the Laos page ) .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Here are trains between Bangkok & Nong Khai, near the border with Laos.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ New rail connection to Vientiane as from March 2009 : Work to extend the Bangkok-Nong Khai railway across the Friendship Bridge into Laos started in 2007, and the new line opened as far as a new rail passenger terminal at Tha Naleng, just on the Laos side of the Friendship Bridge some 13 km from Vientiane, on 5 March 2009 (it had been due to open in April 2008, but was delayed).
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

It's also possible to cross the Mekong at Chiang Khong / Huay Xai, Nakhon Phanom / Tha Khaek, Mukdahan / Savannakhet, and elsewhere.
.
  • Vientiane / Udon Thani - A bus service runs from the Morning Market bus station in Vientiane to the bus station in Udon Thani.^ Exercise safety precautions and ensure personal belongings are secure, especially in tourist areas, crowded markets, and bus or train stations.
    • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

    .The cost is 80 Baht or 22,000 Kip and the journey takes two hours.^ If done all in one go, the complete journey from Bangkok to Singapore takes two nights, though you can stop off wherever you like for as long as you like.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The bus fare is about 150 baht (3 or $5), the journey time from Surat Thani to Krabi is about 2 hours.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    The Udon Thani airport is 30 minutes by Tuk Tuk from the bus station and is served by Thai Airways, Nok Air and Air Asia.
Malaysia and Singapore - driving up is entirely possible, although not with a rented vehicle. .Main crossings (with name of town on Malaysian side in brackets) between Thailand and Malaysia are Padang Besar (Padang Besar) and Sadao (Bukit Kayu Hitam) in Songkhla province, Betong (Pengkalan Hulu) in Yala province, and Sungai Kolok (Rantau Panjang) in Narathiwat province.^ Padang Besar (Malaysian frontier) depart: .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Sungai Kolok is on the frontier with Malaysia.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ The U.S. Embassy prohibits U.S. Embassy personnel from traveling to the far south of Thailand - Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala, and Songkhla provinces, including the town of Hat Yai - without prior mission approval, and Embassy personnel may travel there only on mission-essential travel.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are regular buses from Singapore to the southern hub of Hat Yai.^ Krabi hasn't got a railway station, but it's easy to get there using a train to Surat Thani or Hat Yai, and then by bus.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Buses leave Hat Yai at 05:45, 07:45, 08:45, 09:30, 10:05.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ A Bangkok to Singapore journey involves three trains and will be ticketed as three separate train journeys, either Bangkok-Hat Yai, Hat Yai-Kuala Lumpur and KL to Singapore, or Bangkok to Butterworth, Butterworth to KL, KL to Singapore.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.
  • Mae Sai / Tachileik - foreigners can access this crossing from either side, and enter and/or exit either country here; no onward travel restrictions; to get to Tachileik or Kengtung from the rest of Myanmar, a domestic flight must be taken (eg from Heho).
  • Mae Sot / Myawaddy - foreigners can only access this crossing from the Thai side; neither onward travel into Myanmar (ie beyond the border town) nor overnight stays are possible.^ There were no government restrictions on academic freedom, either before or after the coup.
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ NGOs also reported extensive child labor in garment factories along the Burmese border, in Mae Sot Province.
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Trains 275-280 have 3rd class seats only, but Thai 3rd class is quite clean and comfortable, and a pleasant way to travel.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    .No visa needed; instead there's an entry stamp fee - USD10 if paid with USD notes, more (500 baht) if paid with Thai currency.
  • Three Pagodas Pass (Sangkhlaburi / Payathonzu) - foreigners can only access this crossing from the Thai side; onward travel into Myanmar (ie beyond the border town) is not possible; entry/exit stamps are NOT issued here, and foreigners passports are held at the Myanmar checkpoint, where a fee is levied - USD10 if paid with USD notes, more (500 baht) if paid with Thai currency.^ The Thai currency is the Baht (currency code: THB ).
    • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ ENTRY/EXIT REQUIREMENTS: U.S. citizen tourists staying for fewer than 30 days do not require a visa but must possess a passport that has at least six months validity remaining and may be asked to show an onward/return ticket.
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Any traveler remaining in Thailand beyond this date without having received an official extension will be assessed an immediate cash fine of 500 Baht per day, up to a maximum of 20,000 Baht, when departing Thailand.
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .However, as of November 25, 2008, this crossing is temporarily closed.
  • Ranong / Kawthoung - foreigners can access this crossing from either side, and enter and/or exit either country here; no onward travel restrictions (other than those that apply to everyone, no matter how they enter); access to/from Kawthoung is by sea (Mergui/Dawei & Yangon) and air (Mergui & Yangon).^ They were supplanted gradually in the 17th century by the Dutch, whose intercourse also lasted for a similar period; but they have left no traces of their presence, as the Portuguese always did in these countries to a greater extent than any other people.

    ^ ENTRY/EXIT REQUIREMENTS It is the sole prerogative of each country or region to determine who is allowed to enter .
    • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

    ^ Thailand is a clean country, especially when compared to other Asian countries, and you have a lower risk of becoming ill there than other countries.
    • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    If entering without a visa, maximum stay is 3 days / 2 nights, travel beyond Kawthoung is not permitted, and there's an entry stamp fee - USD10 if paid with USD notes, more (500 baht) if paid with Thai currency.

By train

.Thailand's sole international train service links to Butterworth (near Penang) and Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia, continuing all the way to Singapore.^ Kuala Lumpur & Butterworth only.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Passengers will have to take a KTM Intercity train from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur or Butterworth first, and then continue from there to Thailand.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bangkok to Penang, Kuala Lumpur & Singapore by train .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Tickets are cheap even in first class sleepers, but it can be a slow ride; the 2-hour flight to Singapore will take you close to 48 hours by rail, as you have to change trains twice.^ Travel.com.au is your one-stop resource if you're looking for cheap flights from Australia for your next getaway.
  • Bangkok Hotels, Tours, Shopping, Nightlife and Travel Information Guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.bangkok.com [Source type: General]

^ If done all in one go, the complete journey from Bangkok to Singapore takes two nights, though you can stop off wherever you like for as long as you like.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Above : Arriving in Bangkok by train from Singapore, you really feel a sense of arrival...
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.The luxury option is to take the Eastern & Oriental Express [7], a refurbished super-luxury train that runs along the same route once per week, with gourmet dining, personal butler service and every other colonial perk you can think of.^ Once it is running successfully they plan to extend it to other classes, routes & trains.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ This is the luxurious 'Eastern & Oriental Express' which runs direct once a week between these cities.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Luxury Train If you have a lot of money to splurge and want to travel in luxury, take the Eastern & Oriental Express .
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, at around US$1000 one-way just from Bangkok to Butterworth, this is approximately 30 times more expensive than an ordinary first-class sleeper!^ Can be done in one day, but really needs more time than that.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A steamy, pulsating, yet smiling metropolis of more than ten million – intense at first, but addictive as anything.
  • Bangkok Hotels, Tours, Shopping, Nightlife and Travel Information Guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.bangkok.com [Source type: General]

^ Here, the International Express from Butterworth (Penang) in Malaysia has just arrived at Bangkok Hualamphong Station.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.While you can't get to Laos or Cambodia by train, you can get very close, with railheads just across the border at Nong Khai (across the river from Vientiane) and Aranyaprathet (for Poipet, on the road to Siem Reap).^ Bangkok - Nong Khai (for travel to/from Vientiane, see the Laos page ) .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Here are trains between Bangkok & Nong Khai, near the border with Laos.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ The French imperial assignment of the Thai - Cambodia border is just another example of Colonialist mistakes resulting in years of disputes.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A link across to Mekong to Laos is open in March 2009, but service to Cambodia remains on the drawing board.^ Railway to Laos open from March 2009 ...
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Mekong water use south of China, (Burma Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam) is regulated by the Mekong River Commission (MRC).
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are no rail services to Myanmar, but the Thai part of the infamous Burma Death Railway is still operating near Kanchanaburi.^ There have been no deaths reported since September 2006.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Local Thai were used as slave labor by the Japanese to build a bridge, part of the Japanese Siam Burma Railroad network.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From Singapore: There is no direct train service by KTM from Singapore right into Thailand.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By ferry

It is possible now to travel by ferries in hi season(Nov-May) from Phuket and island hop your way down the cost all the way to Indonesia.
This can now be done without ever touching the mainland, Phuket (Thailand) to Padang (Indonesia).
Islands on rout:
  • Ko Phi Phi
  • Ko Lanta
  • Ko Ngai
  • Ko Mook
  • Ko Bulon
  • ko Lipe-Koh lipe being the hub on the boarder between Thailand and Malaysia having a Thai immigration office.
  • Langkwai- Malaysian immigration here.
  • Penang
Thai portion can be done in a day.
.Ferries cross from Satun in southern Thailand to the Malaysian island of Langkawi, while over in Narathiwat province, a vehicular ferry shuttles between Tak Bai and Pengkalan Kubur, near Kota Bharu in Malaysia's Kelantan state.^ Phuket: Phuket is an island province in southern Thailand.The island is immensely popular for its beaches, the most famous of which is Patong Beach .
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The modern nation-state Malaysia cultivates this heavily politicized classification by clustering Malaysians into Malays, Chinese, Indians and indigenous tribes.

^ Also in 2004, 78 Muslim detainees being transported to an army camp after a violent demonstration in Tak Bai, Narathiwat Province, died from asphyxiation after police and military forces stacked them horizontally onto truck beds for transport.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.There are also occasional cruises from Malaysia and Singapore to Phuket and Bangkok, the main operator being Star Cruises [8], but no scheduled services.^ Singapore & Malaysia to Bangkok by train Train travel in Malaysia .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ To celebrate the festive season or your special occasions, nothing beats embarking on one of Bangkok dinner cruises along the Chao Phraya River.
  • Bangkok Hotels, Tours, Shopping, Nightlife and Travel Information Guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.bangkok.com [Source type: General]

^ See the Malaysia page for information on how to book a northbound journey from Singapore to Bangkok .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Sunset on Baan Tai,Phangan island, Surat Thani
Sunset on Baan Tai,Phangan island, Surat Thani
.Thailand is a large country, and if sitting in a bus for 11 hours is not your idea of a fun time, you may well want to consider domestic flights.^ Phu Kradung, Phu Luang and Phu Reua National parks; during your stay you may also visit some lakes and waterfalls.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps the most adventurous timetable ever published, the Thomas Cook Overseas Timetable has train, bus and ferry times for Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and every country in Asia, Africa, America, Australasia.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Thailand is a clean country, especially when compared to other Asian countries, and you have a lower risk of becoming ill there than other countries.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Never terribly expensive to begin with (at least by Western standards), the deregulation of the industry has brought in a crop of new operators: with a little research, it's possible to fly pretty much anywhere in the country for less than 2000 baht.^ Many of these children were forced to turn over their daily earnings to the gang and were paid less than a dollar (34 baht) a day.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Less than 4 percent of the total work force but nearly 11 percent of industrial workers and more than 50 percent of state enterprise workers were unionized.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Recognizing this pitfall, however, the ways in which local culture is framed in Indonesia are much less crude than in Malaysia.

Note that various taxes and (often hefty) surcharges are invariably added to "advertised" prices.

Thai airlines

.Pan-ASEAN low cost carrier AirAsia [9] has great coverage of international and domestic routes in Thailand and offers steeply discounted tickets if booked well in advance; however, prices rise steadily as planes fill up.^ Great prices as well.
  • Siam Thai - Civic Center/Tenderloin - San Francisco, CA 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

^ Sorry, we are unable to offer air from countries other than the U.S. However, for those international customers who are able to arrange their own transportation to the tour origination city, we are able to offer the land portion of the package or tour, at the price quoted.
  • Thailand Tours, Thailand Travel, Travel Thailand, Thailand Vacations, Thailand Travel Packages 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.tourvacationstogo.com [Source type: General]

^ By securing low rates on hotels, ground transportation and flights, our partners offer Thailand tours at excellent savings to our customers.
  • Thailand Tours, Thailand Travel, Travel Thailand, Thailand Vacations, Thailand Travel Packages 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.tourvacationstogo.com [Source type: General]

.Normally it's a cheapest (sometimes even cheaper than bus or train!^ Using the comfortable overnight sleeper from Bangkok, the train+bus to Krabi takes no more time out of your holiday than flying, but is a lot more interesting, cheaper, and far more environmentally friendly.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ An annual multi-trip policy is usually cheaper than several single-trip policies even for just 2 or 3 trips a year (I have an annual policy myself).
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Penang is a wonderful historic city for a stopover, even if that's just an afternoon between trains, so I'd suggest changing at Butterworth (the station for Penang) rather than Hat Yai.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

) option, if booked at least a week or two in advance. .They fly their (quite new) A320's from Bangkok to a number of places domestically, as well as to Cambodia, China, Macau, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Vietnam and Indonesia.^ Train travel in: Malaysia Cambodia Vietnam .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Singapore & Malaysia to Bangkok by train Train travel in Malaysia .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Perhaps the most adventurous timetable ever published, the Thomas Cook Overseas Timetable has train, bus and ferry times for Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and every country in Asia, Africa, America, Australasia.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Recently, they started to display "all-inclusive" prices during booking (which, however, still do not include optional surcharges such as baggage fees).^ Foreign histories include a work on Pegu, a few tales of Cambodian kings and recently published class-books on European history compiled by the educational department.

^ However, there are a few holiday periods when booking ahead is strongly recommended under all circumstances.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Bookings must be made between 29 Dec 2009 and 31 Jan 2010 - Valid for all weekends (Friday to Sunday in 2010) - Rates include breakfast .
  • Bangkok Hotels, Tours, Shopping, Nightlife and Travel Information Guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.bangkok.com [Source type: General]

.On-line booking is straightforward and can be done even using the mobile phone, but must be done at least twenty-four hours in advance; ticket sales at the check-in desk close one hour before the departure time.^ You can get a feel for whether to pre-book or just buy tickets when you get there by using the real-time seat availability check below.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Traveller Graham Roberts reports (Feb 2009): "I have just used it successfully to book some Thai train tickets.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Changwat which is divided into more constituencies than one, the boundary of each constituency shall be adjoining and the number of inhabitants in each constituency must be closely apportioned.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

.Bangkok Airways [10] promotes itself as "Asia's Boutique Airline", and has a monopoly on flights to its own airports at Ko Samui (now shared with Thai Airways), Sukhothai and Trat.^ Bangkok to Ko Samui by train+ferry...
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Taking the train is the best way to travel between Bangkok & Chiang Mai , and a train+ferry combo is the best way from Bangkok to Ko Samui .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Thai Airways is the national airline, while AirAsia is another prominent airline in the region.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Quite an expensive and "posh" option; however, their Discovery Airpass [11] with fixed per segment rates can be good value, especially if used to fly to Siem Reap, (Cambodia) or Luang Prabang, (Laos).^ For train & bus travel from Bangkok to Siem Reap, Phnom Penh, & Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City), see the Train travel in Cambodia page .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Mekong water use south of China, (Burma Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam) is regulated by the Mekong River Commission (MRC).
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bangkok to Siem Reap & Phnom Penh (Cambodia) by train+bus, Phnom Penh to Saigon (Vietnam) by bus .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Note that the Discovery Airpass can now only be purchased from abroad.
Nok Air [12] took to the skies in 2004 sporting lurid paints scheme with a bird's beak painted on the nose. .Owned mostly by Thai Airways, they compete with Air Asia on price and, with a fairly comprehensive domestic network, are a pretty good choice overall.^ Thai Airways and Air Asia both have domestic services.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All international flights and THAI Airways domestic flights operate out of Suvarnabhumi Airport , while Don Mueang airport is used by budget airlines for domestic flights.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ There are several domestic beers to be found that are quite good and pretty strong when compared to other Asian beers.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They've run into some serious turbulence in 2008, cutting their flights by two thirds, but now seem to recover as the oil prices went down in 2009.
.One-Two-Go [13] is infamous for their 2007 fatal crash in Phuket, and for their old McDonnell Douglas MD-82 planes.^ If done all in one go, the complete journey from Bangkok to Singapore takes two nights, though you can stop off wherever you like for as long as you like.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ On September 16, 2007, a One-Two-Go passenger plane travelling from Bangkok crashed at the Phuket International Airport in southern Thailand, as it attempted to land during bad weather conditions.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.After having their fleet grounded in late 2008 - early 2009 due to relatively high fuel consumption of these planes, they're in the Thai skies again now, and their tickets' price, being a bit more than that of Thai AirAsia initially, do not rise much (usually once a few days before flight).^ The person having held office of senator with membership having terminated for not more than two years shall not be a Minister or a person holding any political position.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These factors are becoming more conspicuous, since they occur mainly in accessible forests.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Bookings open 60 days before departure, but email bookings are only accepted more than 15 days before departure to give them time to respond.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Subsequently, it's often the cheapest option during the last week before flying...^ Siam Paragon is also nearby, you can do some last minute shopping before you fly.
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

if you are not afraid.
SGA Airline [14] Now joint with Nok Air, is currently the only passenger carrier offering flights between Chiang Mai-Pai, Mae Hong Son, Nan and Chiang Rai
.Thai Airways [15] is the most reliable, frequent, and comfortable Thai airline, but usually more expensive than the alternatives (look for their promotions, though).^ Thai Airways is the national airline, while AirAsia is another prominent airline in the region.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the time a bucket is a child's sand pale bucket filled with booze, a mixer, ice and a can of Thai redbull for a little more fun.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bookings open 60 days before departure, but email bookings are only accepted more than 15 days before departure to give them time to respond.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Travel agents often sell only THAI Airways (and Bangkok Airways) tickets; you can also book on-line.^ If you're flexible and aren't travelling in a peak holiday period, you'll be fine buying tickets when you get to Thailand.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You can book Thai train t ickets through several reputable Thai travel agencies such as those listed above.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You pay securely by Visa or MasterCard and print out your own ticket, which is valid for travel.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Thai Airways is a member of Star Alliance; all domestic flights, except some promotional fares, give at least 500 Star Alliance miles, which may (partially) compensate the price difference.^ Some members of the domestic NGO Assembly of the Poor reported that the government threatened to file charges of treason and otherwise intimated them because of their activities.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ On May 27, gunmen in a pick-up truck shot and killed former Thai Rak Thai (TRT) member of parliament (MP) Kobkul Nopamornbodee.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ A political party may submit the lists of candidates for the election on proportional basis for some or all constituencies.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

SRT railway network
SRT railway network
.State Railway of Thailand [16] (SRT) has a 4000-km network covering most of the country, from Chiang Mai in the north all the way to (and beyond) the Malaysian border in the south.^ Bangkok to Chiang Mai (751 km) .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ This train is provided by State Railways of Thailand.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ The State Railways of Thailand are easily the best way to get around and see the country.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Compared to buses, most trains are relatively slow and prone to delays, but safer. .You can pick up fruits, snacks and cooked food from hawkers at most stations.^ You pay by credit card and either print out your ticket on your PC printer or pick up tickets at the station in Malaysia.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You can pick up tickets at their office or have them delivered to your hotel.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ If you think that a dog is too close you can pretend to pick up a stone and throw it after the dog.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Point-to-point fares depend on the type (speed) of the train and the class of the carriage. There are three main classes:
.
  • First class (chan neung) 2-berth sleeping compartments with individually regulated air conditioning are available on some trains, but prices are sometimes matched by budget airfares.
  • Second class (chan song) is a good compromise, costing about the same as 1st class buses and with a comparable level of comfort.^ A 1st class sleeping-car, just arrived at Chiang Mai at the rear of Special Express number 1 from Bangkok...
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The daily 'International Express' links Bangkok & Butterworth (linked by frequent ferry to Penang island) in less than 24 hours, with modern air-conditioned 2nd class sleeping-cars of the Thai railways.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ L = Premier Deluxe sleeper , 1 or 2-bed compartments with private shower & toilet, air-conditioned.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    .Some 2nd class trains are air-con, others aren't; air-con costs a little more.^ Ordinary train, 2nd & 3rd class .
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Once it is running successfully they plan to extend it to other classes, routes & trains.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Train 172 : Rapid train, 2nd & 3rd class non-AC. .
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    .Second class sleeper berths are comfortable and good value, with the narrower upper bunks costing a little less than the wider lower bunks.^ Also make sure to book a lower berth: It is wider than the upper berth and therefore much more comfortable.
    • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Good to go if the term of your stay in Thailand is less than 30 days.
    • Thailand Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Thai Visas Online. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC thailand.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Food and WCs are basic. .2nd class Express Railcar trains have reclining seats and refreshments are included in the fare; unlike all other Thai passenger trains, they can match buses for speed, but cannot carry bicycles.
  • Third class (chan saam) is the cheapest way to travel in Thailand, with virtually nominal fares, and can be great fun.^ DRC = Diesel Railcar express with 2nd class air-conditioned seats, meals included .
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Train travel in Thailand .
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Train 41 & 42 : Fast air-conditioned railcar with 2nd class reclining seats.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    .Sometimes packed with tuk-tuk drivers heading home with a sack of rice and a bottle of cheap whisky for company, as a farang (foreigner of European ancestry) you're guaranteed to be the center of attention - quite enjoyable in small doses, but 10 hours of this might be a bit much.^ Travel.com.au is your one-stop resource if you're looking for cheap flights from Australia for your next getaway.
    • Phuket hotels, Thailand: travel information guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.phuket.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Though the location is quite close to the shopping center, the taxi driver quality varies, and the traffic is Disaster.
    • Siam @ Siam Design Hotel & Spa Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In case you're interested a serious rant against tobacco companies here, some gross smokers lung pictures.
    • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Some 3rd class trains have wooden seats, others are upholstered; some services can be pre-booked, others cannot; refreshments are available from hawkers who roam the aisles.
.Pre-booking is recommended, especially for sleeper berths.^ If there are 3 or 4 of you, you can book two adjacent 2-berth sleepers with an inter-connecting door between them.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Tickets on all main lines can be purchased online at SRT's official E-Stars site [17]; however, only a quota of 10% of seats can be sold online, so it will often show trains as full when, in reality, there's still plenty of space (Tip: if you get an error during registration - just remove any special characters from your registration data; you can always edit your profile later).^ Phu Kradung, Phu Luang and Phu Reua National parks; during your stay you may also visit some lakes and waterfalls.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For more information contact CIC at 1 888 242-2100 (in Canada only), check the CIC Web site or contact your provincial or territorial government.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ It happened pretty much overnight ...from 0 R&R soldiers to 1000s per week in a only a couple years ..can you imagine watching this influx into your neighborhood?
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Alternatively, many travel agencies can book tickets for a service fee (50-200 baht/ticket), or you can reserve with SRT directly by e-mail at passenger-ser@railway.co.th for a 200 baht/booking surcharge.^ The Thai railways charge 200 Baht (3 or $5) per email booking.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You can't book before reservations open!
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Buy tickets by email direct to State Railways of Thailand, passenger-ser@railway.co.th ...
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

By road

.Thailand's roads are head and shoulders above its neighbors Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia, but driving habits are still quite dangerous.^ Mekong water use south of China, (Burma Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam) is regulated by the Mekong River Commission (MRC).
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Drunk driving, speeding and reckless passing are depressingly common, and bus and taxi drivers (especially for private companies) work inhuman shifts and often take drugs to keep themselves awake, with predictable and tragic results.^ Speeding and reckless passing is common.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ This is more expensive but definitely worth the money when travelling over a long distance and is also a lot safer since two drivers will take turns on driving instead of a low-budget bus that only has one driver even for long overnight journeys.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Private vehicle and tour bus accidents caused by dangerous road conditions, poor weather, driver fatigue, and driver intoxication are common.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

It's common for motorbikes — even police! — to drive close to the curb on the wrong side of the road. Death tolls sky-rocket around major holidays, especially Songkhran, when bystanders often throw water on passing cars and bikes. .Many drivers don't use headlights at night, multiplying risks, and it is wise to avoid or minimize overnight travel by road.^ If you travel overnight make sure to book well in advance and avoid public holidays since the trains will be packed with people going back to their hometowns.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Note that unlike in its neighbours (except Malaysia), traffic moves on the left side of the road in Thailand and Thai cars are generally right-hand drive.^ Traffic drives on the left.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ You'll learn about the Thai way of life, religion and the artistic architectural drive that has influenced Thailand's many famous buildings and monuments.
  • Thailand Tours, Thailand Travel, Travel Thailand, Thailand Vacations, Thailand Travel Packages 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.tourvacationstogo.com [Source type: General]

^ TRAVEL AND CURRENCY An International Driving Permit (IDP) is required or a Thai driver licence is required to drive in Thailand .
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.All official road directional signs are written in both Thai and English.^ It's also possible to study at universities in both Thai and English.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Burmese destruction of Ayutthaya in 1767 resulted in the loss of all official Thai government paperwork & records.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Central or Standard Thai (or you can call it Bangkokian language) is understood by most people because it is taught in all schools and is the language used in all official media in Thailand.
  • Thailand - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Bus

VIP? Very Inferior Product
Travel agencies, particularly those on Bangkok's Khao San Road, are keen to sell you VIP bus tickets. .These are more often than not cramped minibuses that will do their best to arrive late, often by breaking down right next to a conveniently located restaurant, and sell you to the guesthouse that gives them the highest commissions.^ From 100 wonderful eating experiences and the most comprehensive orientation of Thai food you'll find online, to reviews by Thailand Tatler of more than 150 of Bangkok's best restaurants, our food section is enough to make your stomach roar.
  • Bangkok Hotels, Tours, Shopping, Nightlife and Travel Information Guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.bangkok.com [Source type: General]

^ In the case where a Changwat [electoral district] can have more than one senator, the candidates who receive the highest number of votes in respective order in the number of senators that Changwat [electoral district] can have shall be elected as senators.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

^ We are conveniently located in the heart of downtown, right next to Union Square shopping places or hotels and the Civic Center.
  • Siam Thai - Civic Center/Tenderloin - San Francisco, CA 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

Theft, particularly on routes to the south, is also a major problem. .Thais never use them, opting for public BKS buses instead - and you should too.^ I didn't like the calamari's batter at all--the kitchen should've used tempura batter instead of what my friend described as popcorn chicken coating.
  • Siam Thai - Civic Center/Tenderloin - San Francisco, CA 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

^ Travellers arriving by air should use licensed taxis from official taxi stands, limousine services, official airport buses, or arrange to be picked up by hotel shuttle services.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.Buses travel throughout the country and the government's bus company BKS (บขส Baw Kaw Saw), known in English simply as the Transport Company [18], has a terminal in every province of any size.^ On November 28, the government announced it would lift martial law in 41 of the country's 76 provinces as well as in some districts of the remaining provinces.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Travel Reports and Warnings Global Issues Canadian Government Offices Abroad Country Profiles .
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

Generally speaking, BKS buses are the best option for both price and comfort. There are also private buses sanctioned by BKS, which operate on the same routes from the same terminals with the same fares, and these are also fine. .The ones to watch out for are the illegal bus companies, which operate from tourist areas (especially Khao San Road) and subsidize slightly cheaper tickets with worse amenities, schedules and safety.^ Considering all the other food in this area is overpriced tourist fodder, It's worth it, but take out is far more preferable to the drab interior.
  • Siam Thai - Civic Center/Tenderloin - San Francisco, CA 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

^ The exquisite Lanna Thai sites (northern Thailand) tend to be tour bus friendly, restored & maintained w/ professional tourist amenities.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Exercise safety precautions and ensure personal belongings are secure, especially in tourist areas, crowded markets, and bus or train stations.
  • Thailand Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.In particular, beware of non-government "VIP" buses, which often turn out to be cramped minivans - and you'll only find this out after paying in advance.^ Whatever your budget, we'll find you the perfect place to rest your head in style.
  • Bangkok Hotels, Tours, Shopping, Nightlife and Travel Information Guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.bangkok.com [Source type: General]

^ Street children were often left out of national reports on child labor issues, and national statistics on street children often included only citizens.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ "On June 24, 1939 the Government of Siam, the only free nation ( = the only non-European colony ) in Southeast Asia, changes its name to Thailand, which means 'Free Land' " .
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The basic BKS bus types are:
Local bus, Chiang Saen
Local bus, Chiang Saen
The same bus on the inside
.
The same bus on the inside
  • Local - relatively slow, can be cramped when full (nevertheless there's always room for one more), and stop at every village and cowshed along the way.^ Can I stop off along the way?
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Any Changwat [electoral district] with more inhabitants than the number of inhabitants per one member shall have an additional member of the House of Representatives for every such number of inhabitants as representing the number of inhabitants per one member.
    • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Any Changwat with more inhabitants than the number of inhabitants per one member shall have an additional member of the House of Representatives for every such number of inhabitants as representing the number of inhabitants per one member; .
    • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

    Many are of larger songthaew flavour. .Not suitable for long-distance travel, but may be the only cheap way to get around locally.
  • Express (rot duan) - skip some stops, but no other frills.^ Travel.com.au is your one-stop resource if you're looking for cheap flights from Australia for your next getaway.
    • Bangkok Hotels, Tours, Shopping, Nightlife and Travel Information Guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.bangkok.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Taking the train is the best way to travel between Bangkok & Chiang Mai , and a train+ferry combo is the best way from Bangkok to Ko Samui .
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Persons with no card may not travel at all (see section 5).
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

    Identifiable by their orange colour. .Size varies, with the largest having around 65 seats (five seats per row) as well as an open space across the width of the bus by the back door for you to sling your backpack, bicycle, sack of rice, live chickens, etc.
  • Second class (chan song) - skip more stops, but often take a less direct route than 1st class / VIP / S-VIP. Blue and white with an orange stripe, usually 45-48 seats per bus, air conditioned (some provide blankets, some do not).^ It may be the case that countries you pass through en route to your destination may require a separate transit visa.
    • Thailand Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Thai Visas Online. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC thailand.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In one of the most populous cities in the world, is this hotel that provides calm and gets you ready for the rest of your vacation.
    • Siam @ Siam Design Hotel & Spa Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Travel.com.au is your one-stop resource if you're looking for cheap flights from Australia for your next getaway.
    • Bangkok Hotels, Tours, Shopping, Nightlife and Travel Information Guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.bangkok.com [Source type: General]
    • Phuket hotels, Thailand: travel information guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.phuket.com [Source type: General]

    .Most have no on-board toilet, although the frequent stops mean this isn't a problem.
  • First class (chan neung) - generally take the most direct routes and make very few stops.^ Although they may perform the same work as direct-hire workers they were paid less and received fewer, or no, benefits.
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

    Blue and white in colour, air conditioned, blanket usually provided, fewer (larger, longer pitch) seats (typically 40, but some double-decker types seat 60+), snack and drinking water included. .Toilet on board for all but the shortest services.
  • "VIP" - as per 1st class, but with only 32-34 seats, which have more leg room and recline further.^ We (party of four, no reservation) were seated in an odd little separate room -- seating on the floor, with a pit in the middle to dangle your legs and a table over the top.
    • Siam Thai - Civic Center/Tenderloin - San Francisco, CA 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Travel Passports Visas Travel Information Emergency Services Foreign Per Diem Rates More...
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

    Basic meal included and freshly laundered shrink-wrapped blanket provided. .Also blue and white (or sometimes blue and silver) but usually signed "VIP".
  • "S-VIP" - Super-VIP is very similar to VIP, except there are only 24 seats, which are wider - the aisle is offset, each row having a pair of seats on the right and only a single seat on the left.^ There shall be the Office of the National Human Rights Commission being an agency having autonomy in its personnel administration, budget and other activities as provided by law.
    • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

    Primarily used on overnight services.
Some buses may have TVs and sound systems blaring, so earplugs are well worth having, just in case. .On long-haul buses, if your ticket allocates you a front seat, you may have to switch seats if a monk boards.^ It may be the case that countries you pass through en route to your destination may require a separate transit visa.
  • Thailand Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Thai Visas Online. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC thailand.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Phu Kradung, Phu Luang and Phu Reua National parks; during your stay you may also visit some lakes and waterfalls.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You pay securely by Visa or MasterCard and print out your own ticket, which is valid for travel.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Songthaew

A typical rural songthaew, Mae Salong
A typical rural songthaew, Mae Salong
.A songthaew (สองแถว) is a truck-based vehicle with a pair of bench seats in the back, one on either side — hence the name, which means "two rows" in Thai.^ To spell it out, if you choose to change at Butterworth & KL, this means booking (1) a sleeper ticket for the Bangkok-Butterworth 'International Express', (2) another sleeper ticket for the Butterworth-KL overnight train, and (3) a KL-Singapore ticket either for one of the two daytime express trains or for the overnight sleeper.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Above left : in the evening, pairs of seats face each other on each side of the aisle.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ During the evening and morning part of the journey, pairs of seats face each other on each side of the aisle.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.In English tourist literature, they're occasionally called "minibuses". By far the most common type is based on a pick-up truck and has a roof and open sides.^ On May 27, gunmen in a pick-up truck shot and killed former Thai Rak Thai (TRT) member of parliament (MP) Kobkul Nopamornbodee.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The first Ford Ranger pick-up trucks sent to the US military in Afghanistan in 2002 came from the Thai Mazda Plant in Rayong.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Larger types start life as small lorries, and may have windows, and an additional central bench; smaller types are converted micro-vans, with a front bench facing backwards and a rear bench facing forwards.^ By the tenth century the Mons, from what is today Burma, had established themselves in Central Thailand and had established small Buddhist kingdoms in an area from Nakhon Pathon to Chiang Mai.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Songthaews are operated extensively as local buses (generally the most economical way to travel shorter distances) and also as taxis; sometimes the same vehicle will be used for both.^ Even 3rd class is surprisingly clean and acceptable by European standards, and is an enjoyable way to travel for many shorter trips.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ It's easy to travel from Bangkok to Ko Samui using a combined train+ferry ticket for about 950 baht (14 or $20) one-way.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ I booked two tickets and was given one upper and one lower both together, and then I made another booking and was given one upper, no choice (it is in the same coach but some distance from the other two).
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Be careful if asking a songthaew to take you to someplace if there is nobody in the back, the driver might charge you the taxi price. In this case, check the price of the ride before embarking.

Tuk-tuk

Tuk-tuks on the prowl, Bangkok
Tuk-tuks on the prowl, Bangkok
The name tuk-tuk is used to describe a wide variety of small/lightweight vehicles. .The vast majority have three wheels; some are entirely purpose-built (eg the ubiquitous Bangkok tuk-tuk), others are partially based on motorcycle components (primarily engines, steering, front suspension, fuel tank, drivers seat).^ Police sought to change this perception and encouraged women to report sexual crimes through the use of female police officers in metropolitan Bangkok and in three other provinces.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Many other locations have not been restored or only partially restored & will require some imagination to realize what was there before the Burmese turned as much of it to rubble as they could.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A relatively recent development is the four wheeled tuk-tuk (basically a microvan-songthaew) as found in Phuket.

Taxi

.Metered taxis are ubiquitous in Bangkok and starting to become more popular in Chiang Mai, but rare elsewhere in the country.^ You can actually stay in a Yao or Karen village & sleep in hooch for several days Air service from Bangkok & Chiang Mai.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mon ( Burmese ) influence ( genetic & cultural ) remains more dominate in the north, Chiang Mai / Golden Triangle.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

When available, they are an excellent means of transport - insist on the meter. Beware of taxis which idle around touristy areas and wait for people. .They are looking for a tourist who will take their taxi without using a meter.^ They also used heavy leg irons to control prisoners who were deemed escape risks and for prisoners serving life sentences or facing the death penalty.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Always use the meter!

Motorbike

.As is the case throughout virtually all of Asia, motorcycles (motosai) are the most common form of transport overall; the most popular type are the 100cc-125cc step-through models.^ Spectacular scenery, stunning tropical sunsets and warm blue sea awaits you at Asia's most popular beach destination.
  • Phuket hotels, Thailand: travel information guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.phuket.com [Source type: General]

^ Stone( all that was not stone burned ) Ayutthayan temples are scattered over a very large area, throughout most the small modern city of Ayutthaya.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These are very widely used as taxis, with fares starting from as low as 10 baht. .Negotiate the fare with the driver before using his service otherwise you may be charged more than you expect.^ Period of the stay : Oct 11, 2007 About the hotel: great hotel close to every thing About the reservation service: Have used this service many times before would highly recommend to anyone [ more ] .
  • Siam Bayview Hotel, Pattaya hotels | Sawadee.com, Thailand 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.sawadee.com [Source type: General]

^ Its great for shopping and when you have had enough of the frantic pace, you can duck back into the hotel for a quick swim before heading out to do more of the same!
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ About the reservation service: I have used this serice a few times and found it outstanding ,would highly recommend using this service , [ more ] .
  • Siam Bayview Hotel, Pattaya hotels | Sawadee.com, Thailand 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.sawadee.com [Source type: General]

Motorcycles can be rented without difficulty in many locations. .Rates start at around 150 baht/day for recent 100-125cc semi-automatic (foot operated gearchange, automatic clutch) step-through models, 200 baht/day for fully automatic scooters; larger capacity models can also easily be found, although the rates reflect the risks - up to around 2500 baht/day for the very latest model high capacity sport bikes, such as the Honda CBR1000RR. In all cases, lower prices will apply if paying upfront for more than a week or so; in some cases, long-distance travel may be prohibited.^ Actual room availability and best available rates are kept up to date by the hotels themselves so it's safe to book now and and pay on departure .
  • Phuket hotels, Thailand: travel information guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.phuket.com [Source type: General]

^ Many of these children were forced to turn over their daily earnings to the gang and were paid less than a dollar (34 baht) a day.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Any Changwat [electoral district] with more inhabitants than the number of inhabitants per one member shall have an additional member of the House of Representatives for every such number of inhabitants as representing the number of inhabitants per one member.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

Motorcycle rentals do not include insurance, and both motorcycling accidents and motorbike thefts are common.
.Many places will rent to you without requiring a license, but legally speaking you must have a valid Thai license or International Driver's Permit.^ A treaty which provides for a change in the Thai territories or the jurisdiction of the State or requires the enactment of an Act for its implementation must be approved by the National Assembly.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

Often a deposit will be required; sometimes a passport photocopy, or even the passport itself (don't do this- bargain to leave some baht instead), will be requested. .Helmets are normally included, but are usually ultra-basic models with very flimsy chin-strap fasteners - if you're intending to travel by motorcycle and have a good quality helmet at home, then bring it with you.^ Travel.com.au is your one-stop resource if you're looking for cheap flights from Australia for your next getaway.
  • Phuket hotels, Thailand: travel information guide 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.phuket.com [Source type: General]

.If supplied a helmet with a chin-cup (many cheap rental helmets are), slide the cup up the strap out of the way and securely fasten the bare strap directly under the jaw, as this is much safer.^ According to Mr. Daley, "more than 40,000 people in the garment industry alone have been thrown out of work, many of them ending up in the sex industry".
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Insurance is usually not included (or even available), so try to ensure in advance that the insurance you leave home with is going to cover you; alternatively, arrange cover with an insurance broker locally in Thailand.^ If you don't like a particular historical fact, you may try to cover it up or forget it, but you can never remove it .

^ You will see rural Thailand and have an opportunity to reside in a small village with the villagers and students in their homes.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Where ever you go in Thailand there are food vendors.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

If you rent a vehicle without insurance and it's damaged or stolen, the bottom line is that you will be required to pay in full the cost of repairing or replacing it. .Furthermore, some travel insurance policies will only provide medical cover in the event of an accident if you hold a motorcycle license in your home country.^ You will be staying in dormitory-style accommodations or with the villagers home, if in home of villagers try to be put on your best way during in home stay.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

Motorcyclists (including passengers) are required to wear crash helmets and to keep their headlights switched on at all times. Enforcement varies widely, but in tourist areas spot checks for helmets and/or licences are commonplace. .While the fines are light (typically 200 baht) the inconvenience can be considerable as offender's vehicle is impounded until the fine is paid, and the queue at the police station can be lengthy.^ The minimum penalty is from four to 20 years' imprisonment and a fine of $200 to $1,000 (8,000 to 40,000 baht).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Some (but not all) border crossings allow motorcycles through.^ In August the government announced an agreement with the government of Burma to allow Burmese migrants working in Thailand the opportunity to apply for temporary passports at select Burmese border crossings.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

At those which do, documentation including proof of ownership must be produced (with the possible exception of day visits to Payathonzu, Myanmar via Three Pagodas Pass).

Rental car

.Driving your own car in Thailand is not for the faint-hearted, and many rental companies can supply drivers at a very reasonable price.^ The cargo car gets very full so it is worth turning up early to make sure that there is enough space in it to accommodate your bike.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Prices without insurance for a self-driven car start from around 800 baht/day for small cars, and from as little as 600 baht/day for open-top jeeps; cars with insurance start at just under 1000 baht/day, and come down to around 5600 baht/week or 18000 baht/month.^ Government support gives top priority to health insurance programmes for lower income groups, children under 12, disabled persons, and the elderly.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Under martial law, the military had the authority to detain persons without charge for a maximum of seven days.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Bookings open 60 days before departure, you can use this system from 60 days down to a minimum of 3 days before departure (less than 3 days and you'll need to book at the station).
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Driving is (usually, but not always!) on the left hand side of the road. As of June 2008, fuel at large petrol stations is 37-41 baht/litre. Small kerbside vendors who pump by hand from drums and/or pour from bottles charge a few baht more.
Cars can be rented without difficulty in many locations. .It's worth paying a little more than the absolute minimum in order to use one of the international franchises (eg Avis, Budget, and Hertz) to minimize the risk of hassles, and to ensure that any included insurance is actually worth something.^ Any Changwat [electoral district] with more inhabitants than the number of inhabitants per one member shall have an additional member of the House of Representatives for every such number of inhabitants as representing the number of inhabitants per one member.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

^ The HUGE economic boom the town gets is actually worth a little inconvenience.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a Changwat [electoral district] which is divided into more constituencies than one, the boundary of each constituency shall be adjoining and the number of inhabitants in each constituency must be closely apportioned.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

.More reputable agencies require that valid licences be produced: foreigners who do not have a Thai driving licence must carry a valid International Driving Permit.^ A treaty which provides for a change in the Thai territories or the jurisdiction of the State or requires the enactment of an Act for its implementation must be approved by the National Assembly.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

Even if you manage to rent a car without an IDP, not having one will invalidate the insurance and count against you in the event of an accident.
.A common rental scam involves the owner taking a deposit, and then later refusing to refund it in full on the basis that the customer is responsible for previous damage; the Tourist Police (dial 1155) may be able to help.^ When the police department receives a petition, an internal investigation committee first takes up the matter and may temporarily suspend the officer during the investigation.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Another common scam involves the owner having someone follow the rented vehicle and later "steal" it, using a set of spare keys. .Always report thefts: a "stolen" vehicle may mysteriously turn up as soon as the police become involved.^ Police may seek court permission to hold suspects for additional periods (up to a maximum of six months for the most serious offenses) to conduct investigations.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ When the police department receives a petition, an internal investigation committee first takes up the matter and may temporarily suspend the officer during the investigation.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Witnesses, lawyers, and activists involved in cases of alleged police abuse report that protection was inadequate and they were intimidated by the police sent to provide protection.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Long-tail boats, Ao Nang, Krabi
Long-tail boats, Ao Nang, Krabi
.One of the Thais' many names for themselves is jao naam, the Water Lords, and from the river expresses of Bangkok to the fishing trawlers of Phuket, boats remain an indispensable way of getting around many parts of the country.^ Train+bus is the best way from Bangkok to Krabi or Phuket .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ When Bernard Trink first started writing for the Bangkok Post, the best way up Sathorn was by row-boat.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The State Railways of Thailand are easily the best way to get around and see the country.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Perhaps the most identifiably Thai boat is the long-tail boat (reua hang yao), a long, thin wooden boat with the propeller at the end of a long 'tail' stretching from the boat. .This makes them supremely manouverable even in shallow waters, but they're a little underpowered for longer trips and you'll get wet if it's even a little choppy.^ If you're flexible and aren't travelling in a peak holiday period, you'll be fine buying tickets when you get to Thailand.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Traveller 2000 charges the normal Thai Railways fare plus (normally) a 300 Baht (6/$10) booking fee but they now say they'll reduce this to 200 Baht (4/$6) if you say you're been referred by seat61.com .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Long-tails usually act as taxis that can be chartered, although prices vary widely - figure on 300-400 baht for a few hours' rental, or up to 1500 for a full day.^ All long-distance express trains require a reservation, which can be made on the day of travel or up to 60 days in advance.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

In some locations like Krabi, long-tails run along set routes and charge fixed prices per passenger.
.Modern, air-conditioned speedboat services, sometimes ferries (departure every 30 mins) also run from the Surat Thani to popular islands like Ko Samui and Ko Pha Ngan.^ Surat Thani (for Ko Samui ferry ) depart: .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Ko Samui depart by ferry: .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Information on departure times from Surat Thani is not available, but times are likely to be similar.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Truly long-distance services (eg. .Bangkok to any other major city) have, however, effectively ceased to exist as buses, planes and even trains are faster.^ For train & bus travel from Bangkok to Siem Reap, Phnom Penh, & Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City), see the Train travel in Cambodia page .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Hotels in Bangkok, Chiang Mai & other cities in Thailand & Southeast Asia...
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Penang is a wonderful historic city for a stopover, even if that's just an afternoon between trains, so I'd suggest changing at Butterworth (the station for Penang) rather than Hat Yai.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Safety measures are rudimentary and ferries and speedboats do sink occasionally, so avoid overloaded ships in poor weather, and scope out the nearest life jackets when on board.

See

.The Grand Palace in Bangkok is one of the must-sees.^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/Grand Palace in Bangkok.jpg .
  • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Chaweng at dusk Ko Samui, Surat Thani
Chaweng at dusk Ko Samui, Surat Thani
Thailand's a big enough country that you can find a place to practice almost any outdoor sport. Some selections:
  • Dinner Cruise - dinner cruises have become one of Thailand's must visit spot for any visitors to Thailand. One of the most popular and leading dinner cruise in country is Chao Phraya Princess [19]. .Also see Bangkok Dinner Cruises article
  • Golf - see the separate Golf in Thailand article
  • Rock climbing - the cliffs of Rai Leh in Krabi are arguably among the best in the world
  • Snorkeling - Phuket and its surrounding islands, Phi Phi, Koh Tao, and Some areas in the Similans have some wonderful snorkeling over coral reefs.
  • Scuba diving - easily accessible Ko Tao and Ang Thong National Marine Park (near Ko Samui) draws the crowds, but also possible in Pattaya and Krabi, and the Similan Islands are worth the journey.^ Phu Kradung, Phu Luang and Phu Reua National parks; during your stay you may also visit some lakes and waterfalls.
    • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Those residing in national parks or wildlife sanctuaries were subject to eviction (see section 1.f.
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I wonder what % of Bangkok taxis have broken cassette players much less CD? No taxis are available outside Bangkok, only Tuk Tuk s & pickups are available in rural areas.
    • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .One of the newest hot spots for diving is Ko Lipe - Small island in the middle of Tarutao National Park amazingly unspoilt, great reefs and beaches absolutely stunning, a must see.^ Those residing in national parks or wildlife sanctuaries were subject to eviction (see section 1.f.
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

    .See also Diving in Thailand
  • Spas - Although spas weren't introduced here until the early 1990s, Thailand has quickly become the second-highest ranking spa destination in the world.^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/Hand massage at the Oasis Spa in Chiang Mai.jpg .
    • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Thailand is very much interested in becoming a party to the Convention and is in the process of acceding to the Convention.
    • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/An herbal facial at the Oasis Spa, Chiang Mai.jpg .
    • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .There are a phenomenal variety of spa types, and spas can be found at almost every destination in the country.^ The country continued to be a source, transit, and destination for trafficking in women and children for a variety of purposes, including indentured servitude, forced labor, and prostitution.
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

    .The most popular spas can be found at major tourism destinations such as Phuket, Pattaya, Hua Hin, Bangkok, Ko Samui and Chiang Mai.
  • Medical tourism - Many travellers go to Thailand to undergo medical treatments at a fraction of the cost charged in their home countries.^ Major wastewater collection and treatment investments have been formulated and are now being implemented in the areas of most substantial burden (e.g., Bangkok Metropolitan Region, tourist areas like Pattaya, Pukhet, Samui, et.
    • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/Hand massage at the Oasis Spa in Chiang Mai.jpg .
    • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/An herbal facial at the Oasis Spa, Chiang Mai.jpg .
    • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The renowned Bumrungrad Hospital in Bangkok attracts on average 400,000 foreign patients per year or an average of 1,000+ a day.^ The Auto Alliance Thailand now has a capacity to produce 275,000 vehicles per year.
    • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Ford is expanding it's Thai production facility in Rayong (near Pattaya ) to produce an additional 10,000 cars per year.
    • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Ministry of Labor stated that the average annual rate of work related deaths was 15 per 100,000 workers.
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

    Other hospitals, such as Samitivej also specialize in serving foreigners. .Private hospitals in Thailand are accredited by the government according to standards that meet or exceed those in North America, and many of the doctors in Thailand hold international accreditation and relevant licenses.^ STATUS REPORT: Thailand is an active participant in many international agencies and discussions concerned with environment, development, trade and peace-keeping issues.
    • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ At that meeting, the OIC resolved to continue efforts with the government to seek just solutions to the problems of Muslims in southern Thailand.
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Additional comments relevant to this chapter Thailand always sends representatives to meetings concerning the International Convention to Combat Desertification.
    • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

    Popular treatments, ranging from cosmetic, organ transplants and orthopedic treatments to dental and cardiac surgeries, are available at a price much lower than the US or Europe. Treatments also include physical and mental therapies.

Talk

The official language of Thailand is Thai. .Thai is a tonal language (think about the difference in your voice when saying "yes."^ Farangs learning Thai say the funniest things, wrong choice of pitch can result in a drastically different meaning.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thai language, like Chinese & Vietnamese, has pitches or is multi-tonal (same enunciation w/ different pitch = different word).
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A main course in the wood-panelled Thai restaurant car costs about 1.50 - language is no problem, as you can choose your dish from an illustrated menu.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

versus "yes?" - that's tonal) which can make it tricky for Westerners to learn quickly, but despite this, everyone will appreciate any attempt you do make so pick up a phrasebook and give it a go. .Thai is a language with many dialects, though the Bangkok dialect, also known as Central Thai, is used as the standard and is taught in all schools.^ Thai schools and Ministries also make increasing use of the Internet.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ If done all in one go, the complete journey from Bangkok to Singapore takes two nights, though you can stop off wherever you like for as long as you like.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ All long distance trains still see to be using Hualamphong at the moment, but please double-check when you get to Bangkok.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Language schools can be found in all larger Thai cities, including Bangkok and Phuket.^ Bangkok was founded when King Rama I moved the city across the Chao Praya River from Thon Buri in 1782.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Japanese invasion force landed at four different places along the Thai coastal provinces, including Samut Prakarn south of Bangkok.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the Muslim-dominated south, dialects of Malay that are somewhat incomprehensible to speakers of standard Malay/Indonesian are spoken.^ Any Javanese, Acehnese or other Indonesian who migrated to Malaysia will be classified as Malay and are expected to be Muslim.

Various dialects of Chinese are spoken by the ethnic Chinese community, with Teochew being the dominant dialect in Bangkok Chinatown, and Cantonese speakers also forming a sizeable minority among the Chinese community. .Down south in Hat Yai, Hokkien is also widely understood due to the large number of tourists from Penang.^ Take a train from Singapore, Kuala Lumpur or Penang via Hat Yai to Surat Thani - see the train times above .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Penang is a wonderful historic city for a stopover, even if that's just an afternoon between trains, so I'd suggest changing at Butterworth (the station for Penang) rather than Hat Yai.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Travel by train from Singapore, KL or Penang to Hat Yai in Thailand, as shown on the Malaysia page .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.The eastern Isaan dialects are closely related to Lao and there are dozens of small language groups in the tribal areas of the north, some so remote that Thai speakers are few and far between.^ In the Udon area a "Lao dialect" is common.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Trafficking within the country and from neighboring countries into the country tended to be carried out by loosely organized small groups that often had close ties in the source communities.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The highland area of Thailand is about 96.1 million rai, consisting of a - Northern Part 54.0 million rai - Middle Part 12.0 million rai - Southern Part 14.6 million rai - North Eastern Part 12.1 million rai - Eastern Part 3.4 million rai 2.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.Public signage is generally bilingual, written in both Thai and English.^ Remember, English written words representing Thai script are generally 'British English' phonic representations of the spoken Thai language..say the Thai you read with a British accent ..but, please, not cockney.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There is also some prevalance of Japanese and Chinese signs. Where there is English, it is usually be fairly phonetic - for example "Sawatdee" (meaning hello) is pronounced just as it reads: sa-wat-dee. .There is no universal agreement on how to transcribe Thai letters that don't have an English equivalent, so Khao San Road for example is also commonly spelt Kao Sarn, Kao Sahn, Khao San, Koh Saan, Khaosan, and many other variations.^ To get a feel for how quickly Thai trains get booked up, there's a seat availability check on the Thai Railways website, which will show you how many seats remain available in each class on each train on each date over the next month.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ There were no developments with regard to other 2005 campaign period killings.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The English version hasn't worked for some years, but the Thai version works, so here's how to use it, with thanks to traveller Bob McCormick: .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Maps with names in both Thai and English make it easier for locals to try and help you.^ Teaching English will help the local people communicate with foreigners when they come here in future.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Thai Government tries to raise public awareness by analyzing local problems.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ You are here: AsianLII > > Databases > > Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand > > 2007 > > Thailand Constitution [ Database Search ] [ Name Search ] [ Help ] .
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

.Most "front desk" people in the travel industry speak at least enough English to communicate, and many are relatively fluent; some also speak one or more other languages popular with their clientele, such as Chinese, Japanese, German, etc.^ Standard hotel decor (Not a real con for most people, though recently I like the decor of boutique hotels, feels more at home) .
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ Any Changwat [electoral district] with more inhabitants than the number of inhabitants per one member shall have an additional member of the House of Representatives for every such number of inhabitants as representing the number of inhabitants per one member.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

^ The goal of this camp is to develop friendship between the participants and the local students at the schools and to teach them English, and more importantly, let them meet people from other parts of the world in order to broaden their horizons.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

.Many Thais have trouble pronouncing the consonant clusters of the English language.^ Of course the primary focus is on the English language, but Thai people are also interested in getting an introduction to other foreign languages like French and Japanese.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Muslims complained that Thai-language newspapers present a negative image of Muslims and of their communities, associating them with terrorists.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ September, 2008: Thai English language newspapers report the border / temple dispute has expanded to 2 additional temples along the disputed colonialist's "watershed border".
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Common confusion comes from the fact that Thais often pronounce "twenty" as "TEH-wen-ty", making it sound like they're saying "seventy". Therefore it is a good idea to make use of the calculators that street vendors may offer you in order to avoid confusion about prices offered when buying goods.^ If you don't like a particular historical fact, you may try to cover it up or forget it, but you can never remove it .

^ In the case where the Constitutional Court makes a decision compelling the political party to cease to commit the act under paragraph two, the Constitutional Court may order the dissolution of such political party.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Make sure you take a good guidebook.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Weighty bahts
Is your new girlfriend asking for a one-baht gold ring? Watch out, as this isn't the cheap trinket it sounds like: for jewellers and goldsmiths, the baht is also a measure of weight, or 15.244 grams (around 0.5 oz) to be exact. .At 2009 gold prices, one baht of gold would thus cost you well north of 16,000 baht in cash!^ They are waiving the 1,000 baht visa fee from June 2009 to 4 March 2010.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.The currency of Thailand is the baht (THB, ฿), written in Thai as บาท or บ.^ The Thai Baht 'floats' against international currencies and has demonstrated the strength of the Thai economy 1998 - 2006.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Thai Baht, like the Japanese Yen & European Euro, floats against the value of the US dollar in international currency markets.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There are six coins and six notes:
  • 25 and 50 satang (cent, copper colour) coins - nearly worthless and only readily accepted (and handed out) by buses, supermarkets and 7-11s
  • 1, 5 (silver colour), 2 (gold) and 10 baht (silver/gold) coins
  • 20 (green), 50 (blue), 100 (red), 500 (purple) and 1000 (grey-brown) baht notes
The most useful bills tend to be 20s and 100s, as many small shops and stalls don't carry much change. Taxi drivers also like to pull the "no change" trick; if caught, hop into the nearest convenience store and make a small purchase. Beware of 1000-baht notes, as counterfeits are not uncommon: feel the embossing, look for the watermark and tilt to see color-changing ink [20] to make sure the note is real.
.ATMs can be found in all cities and large towns, and international withdrawals are not a problem.^ Stone( all that was not stone burned ) Ayutthayan temples are scattered over a very large area, throughout most the small modern city of Ayutthaya.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When using a debit card, an ATM will typically provide a much better exchange rate than a money exchange counter, and this is especially the case if you have a card that does not charge a transaction fee for overseas withdrawals (becoming common in countries such as Australia).^ If the National Counter Corruption Commission is of the opinion that the accusation has no prima facie case, such accusation shall lapse.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

^ The Senate must finish the consideration of such bill or organic law bill within sixty days; but if it is a money bill, the consideration thereof must be finished within thirty days; provided that the Senate may, as a special case, resolve to extend the period for not more than thirty days.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

^ Some historians do a better job than others, but in every case, the biases / goals of the historian inevitably color their portrayal.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.ATMs are available at Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi airport (BKK) after collecting your bag and clearing customs, and while it is advisable to arrive with a small amount of baht if possible, you may obtain cash from an ATM after landing as well.^ Phu Kradung, Phu Luang and Phu Reua National parks; during your stay you may also visit some lakes and waterfalls.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We want you to pay the lowest possible rate for your room.
  • Siam @ Siam Design Hotel & Spa Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ You eventually will receive an e-mail confirmation, and you then collect and pay for your tickets at Bangkok Hualamphong station booking office at least 1 hour before departure.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

There is a 150 baht surcharge for use of foreign ATM cards on virtually all banks' ATMs; as of August 2009, only Aeon and HSBC appear to be holding out in not charging this. .Anyway, you'll be notified about this fee in any ATM which charges it, so you always have an option to cancel.^ Traveller 2000 charges the normal Thai Railways fare plus (normally) a 300 Baht (6/$10) booking fee but they now say they'll reduce this to 200 Baht (4/$6) if you say you're been referred by seat61.com .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.More remote areas (including smaller islands) don't have banks or ATMs, so cash or traveller's checks are essential.^ Overland travel by train & bus around Southeast Asia is an essential part of the experience, so once there, don't cheat and fly, stay on the ground!
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Many hotels and guest houses will change money for guests, but hefty commissions and poor rates may apply.^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/At a guest house in Chiang Mai.jpg .
  • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the bill withheld is a money bill, the House of Representatives may forthwith proceed to reconsider it.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If the bill or the organic law bill withheld is a money bill, the House of Representatives may forthwith proceed to reconsider it.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

.US dollars in small bills (1s, 5s, and 20s) are invaluable for onward travel to neighbouring countries other than Malaysia, but are only useful in Thailand for exceptional purchases (eg paying visa fees for Cambodia).^ You pay securely by Visa or MasterCard and print out your own ticket, which is valid for travel.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Thailand's economy benefited greatly from the huge input of American financial support to the only non communist country in SE Asia.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps the most adventurous timetable ever published, the Thomas Cook Overseas Timetable has train, bus and ferry times for Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and every country in Asia, Africa, America, Australasia.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Credit cards are widely accepted in the tourist industry, restaurant and shopping mall or widely used in Bangkok and major cities.^ Most trains use Bangkok's main Hualamphong station, a major landmark right in the city centre, although trains to Kanchanaburi leave from Bangkok Thonburi station (also known as Bangkok Noi) across the river in the West of the city.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Fraud is regrettably common though, so use it sparingly and tell your bank in advance, so your card doesn't get locked down because you are using it.^ You can arrange all your tickets in advance or buy them as you go, keeping your options open, it's entirely up to you.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Then sketch out your itinerary using a simple spreadsheet like this , deciding where and for how long you want to stop off.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You pay by credit card and either print out your ticket on your PC printer or pick up tickets at the station in Malaysia.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Costs

In a word, Thailand is cheap, and excellent value to boot: the combination of a weak currency, low labor costs and plenty of visitors means that everything a tourist could possibly want is both available and affordable. .800 baht will get a backpacker a dorm bed or cheap room, three square meals a day and leave enough for transport and sightseeing.^ Hostelbookers has online booking of cheap private rooms or dorm beds in backpacker hostels in Bangkok, Chiang Mai and most other cities at rock-bottom prices.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Doubling that budget will let you stay in decent 3-star hotels, and if you're willing to fork out 4000 baht per day or more you can live like a king.^ Standard hotel decor (Not a real con for most people, though recently I like the decor of boutique hotels, feels more at home) .
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ Its great for shopping and when you have had enough of the frantic pace, you can duck back into the hotel for a quick swim before heading out to do more of the same!
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ Don't be afraid to find hotels as you go, to stay flexible.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Bangkok requires a more generous budget than upcountry destinations, but also offers by far the most competitive prices for shoppers who shop around.^ In September police raided a shrimp processing factory in Samut Sakhon and found more than 100 Burmese workers who had been held on the premises against their will.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Using the comfortable overnight sleeper from Bangkok, the train+bus to Krabi takes no more time out of your holiday than flying, but is a lot more interesting, cheaper, and far more environmentally friendly.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ In the case where a Changwat [electoral district] can have more than one senator, the candidates who receive the highest number of votes in respective order in the number of senators that Changwat [electoral district] can have shall be elected as senators.
  • ICL - Thailand Constitution 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.oefre.unibe.ch [Source type: Original source]

.The most popular tourism islands such as Phuket and Ko Samui tend to have higher prices in general.^ Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Racks of clothing at Siam Square, Bangkok
Racks of clothing at Siam Square, Bangkok
.Thailand is a shopper's paradise and many visitors to Bangkok in particular end up spending much of their time in the countless markets and malls.^ According to Mr. Daley, "more than 40,000 people in the garment industry alone have been thrown out of work, many of them ending up in the sex industry".
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ayutthaya is the ancient capital of Thailand, with many impressive ruins to visit, a great day trip from Bangkok.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Particularly good buys are clothing, both cheap locally produced streetwear and fancy Thai silk, and all sorts of handicrafts. .Electronics and computer gear are also widely available, but prices are slightly higher than in Singapore, Hong Kong and Kuala Lumpur.^ A Bangkok to Singapore journey involves three trains and will be ticketed as three separate train journeys, either Bangkok-Hat Yai, Hat Yai-Kuala Lumpur and KL to Singapore, or Bangkok to Butterworth, Butterworth to KL, KL to Singapore.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Take a train from Singapore, Kuala Lumpur or Penang via Hat Yai to Surat Thani - see the train times above .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Bangkok to Penang, Kuala Lumpur & Singapore by train .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.A Thai speciality are the night markets found in almost every town, the largest and best-known of which are in Bangkok and the Night Bazaar in Chiang Mai.^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/Akha women at Chiang Mai's Night Bazaar.jpg .
  • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/At the banana market in Chiang Mai.jpg .
  • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/Father & son at Night Bazaar, Chiang Mai.jpg .
  • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Here a variety of vendors from designers to handicraft sellers have stalls selling goods which cannot normally be found in malls and day markets. Most night markets also have large open air food courts attached.
You can also find marvelously tacky modern clothing accessories. Witness pink sandals with clear plastic platform heels filled with fake flowers. .Night markets along the main roads and Bangkok's Mahboonkrong (MBK) Mall, near the Siam skytrain stop, are particularly good sources.^ Address: 392/44 Siam Square Soi 6, Rama I Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok, 10330 Thailand .
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

.Not to be left out is what is often touted as the world's biggest weekend bazaar - The Chatuchak Weekend Market or knowned to locals simply as "JJ" Market.^ Street children were often left out of national reports on child labor issues, and national statistics on street children often included only citizens.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Chatuchak sells a myriad of products ranging from clothes to antiques, covers over 35 acres (1.1 km square) and is growing by the day!
Haggling is the norm and often market and road-side vendors will try to charge you as much as they think you can afford to pay. .It's not uncommon to buy something, walk outside, and find somebody who bought the same item for half or one third what you paid (or even less).^ In the absent of any member or a member is unable to perform his duty and the remaining members are not less than one-half of the total number of members, the Senators Selective Committee shall consist of the remaining members.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although they may perform the same work as direct-hire workers they were paid less and received fewer, or no, benefits.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ You can buy tickets for one to four people at a time, but not for more than 4 people unless you repeat the process.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Try to figure out the item's rough value first — adjacent stalls, government-run fixed price shops and even hotel gift shops are a good starting point — and you'll find that prices drop drastically when the seller realizes you have some idea of what it costs.^ We have stayed at the NOVOTEL SIAM many times and can honestly say that as far as location, service and value for money goes you will be hard pressed finding anything better for the price.
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ Its great for shopping and when you have had enough of the frantic pace, you can duck back into the hotel for a quick swim before heading out to do more of the same!
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ Given it's a small hotel, you'll feel crowded.
  • Siam @ Siam Design Hotel & Spa Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

  • Cooking
  • Gemology
  • Massage
  • Meditation
  • Teaching Certification in ESL (English as a Second Language)
  • Thai Language
  • Muay Thai(Art of Fighting Thailand Style)

Work

.The two main opportunities for work for foreigners are teaching English and dive instruction, but both are very competitive and dive masters in particular are paid a pittance.^ Teach English and a foreign language to the children.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The aims of this work camp are, teaching English to the school children and making the village more Eco-friendly by doing some manual work to protect the environment around the village.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The camp will consist of two weeks teaching English language to the school children.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

.Finding any other kind of work in Thailand can be difficult, as wages are poor and a large number of occupations are legally off limits to non-Thais.^ Major Groups: The Population and Community Development Association, Planned Parenthood Association of Thailand, and other NGOs, work on population issues with strong governmental support.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Most prostitutes were not kept under physical constraint, but a large number worked under debt bondage (see section 5, Trafficking).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Burmese possessing these temporary passports would be able to legally re enter Thailand and work.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Thai law requires foreigner to earn a quite high wage to be eligible for a work permit.^ The Ministry of Labor required foreign workers to renew their temporary work status annually.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Government regulations require employers to pay equal wages and benefits for equal work, regardless of gender.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Companies and school should assist their employees in obtaining the visa and work permit, but some schools fear the extra work involved.^ The aims of this work camp are, teaching English to the school children and making the village more Eco-friendly by doing some manual work to protect the environment around the village.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad Dunai worked to assist villagers affected by the violence in the South and had actively assisted some of the 58 defendants in the Tak Bai case (see sections 1.e.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ This is achieved by doing some manual work for the local community of the village and teaching English to the children of the school.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

.Volunteering is a great way to meet locals and experience the cultures and traditions of Thailand.^ Recognizing this pitfall, however, the ways in which local culture is framed in Indonesia are much less crude than in Malaysia.

^ Thailand has increased the role of local communities in resource management in many ways.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.There are many worldwide organizations that offer extended travel for anyone wanting to volunteer their time to work on projects such as community development, conservation, wildlife sanctuary maintenance & development, scientific research, & education programs.^ Volunteers will be involved in Environmental development work e.g.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Major Groups: The Population and Community Development Association, Planned Parenthood Association of Thailand, and other NGOs, work on population issues with strong governmental support.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The Department of Livestock Development (DLD) has continued to work on programmes for the conservation of indigenous animal genetic resources which include endangered species, such as cattle of the scientific names Bos banteng , Bos frontalis , two native cattle breeds, as well as two breeds of laying ducks known as Paknum and Nakon Pathom .
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

  • Association For Akha Education and Culture in Thailand [21]
  • AFECT [22]
  • Dragonfly [23]
  • Thai-Experience [24]
  • Travel to Teach [25]
  • International Student Volunteers Thailand [26]
  • Openmind Projects [27]
  • Volunteer Visions [28]
Thai-style seafood curry
Thai-style seafood curry
The food alone is really reason enough for a trip to Thailand. Curries, fruit shakes, stir fries, fresh fish made a zillion ways - and that's just the beginning. .Food in Thailand can be as cheap and easy as 20 baht phat thai (Thai fried noodles) cooked at a street stall or as expensive and complicated as a $100 ten-course meal by a royal chef served in one of Bangkok's 5 star hotels.^ With one of the highest return guest rates in Bangkok, the Manhattan Hotel is a favorite of budget and location-minded travelers alike.
  • Siam @ Siam Design Hotel & Spa Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ It's easy to travel from Bangkok to Ko Samui using a combined train+ferry ticket for about 950 baht (14 or $20) one-way.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ It's easy to travel from Bangkok to Chiang Mai by train, for just 781 baht (11 or $19) one-way by overnight sleeper or 511 baht (7.50 or $13) by day through the countryside on the air-conditioned express railcar.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Since most backpackers will be sticking closer to the first than the second, one of the great things about Thailand is that food from stalls and tiny sidewalk restaurants is usually quite safe.^ Most western visitors are quite happy using 2nd class sleepers, which are comfortable, safe, and great fun.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Bangkok was experiencing the first big building boom since World War II. Most of this new construction boom was directly attributable to the new war in Southeast Asia.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Unlike some Asian countries, travellers should worry more about overeating or too much curry spice than about unclean kitchens and bad food.^ The bus fare is unlikely to be more than about 280 Baht (5).
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

In fact, street restaurants, where you can see what you'll get and everything is cooked on the spot can be a safe option.

Etiquette

Thai food is most commonly eaten with fork and spoon. Hold the spoon in your right hand and use it to eat, and reserve the fork for piling food onto your spoon. Chopsticks are only employed for noodle soups and East Asian-style dishes.
Thai food is meant for sharing. .Everybody gets their own plate of rice and tiny soup bowl, but all the other dishes are laid out in the center of the table and you're free to eat what you wish.^ You will start with getting to know the villagers personally, by possibly working with them in their farming or rice fields.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This is not a hotel booking website, but a free search tool which checks all the main hotel booking sites for you (AsiaRooms, Asiativ.com, Opodo, Expedia, Travelocity, LateRooms and many others) to find the cheapest hotel rates on the net.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Tickets for other parts of the trip, for example, Hanoi-Saigon-Phnom Penh-Bangkok can all be bought locally, as you go along.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Though some people believe that taking the last piece from a shared plate is considered slightly unlucky, and you may hear people make wishes for others to compensate for their own misfortune — a popular wish is that "may my girl/boyfriend be beautiful"!
Food is also generally brought out a dish at a time as it is prepared. It is not expected for diners to wait until all meals are brought out before they start eating as is polite in western culture. Instead they should tuck into the nearest meal as it arrives.

Thai cuisine

.Thai cuisine is characterized by balance and strong flavors, especially lime juice, lemon grass and fresh coriander, the combination of which gives Thai food its distinctive taste.^ By popular demand, the chefs have introduced a range of traditional Thai dishes that highlight the freshness and individuality of Thai cuisine that has become popular across the world.
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

In addition, Thai food has a deserved reputation for being spicy, with hot little torpedo-shaped chillies called phrik khii nuu (พริกขี้หนู, lit. "mouse shit chillies") making their way into many a dish. .Thais are well aware that these can be more than Westerners can handle and will often ask if you like it hot (เผ็ด phet); answer "yes" at your own risk!^ You pay securely by Visa or MasterCard and print out your own ticket, which is valid for travel.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ A 'cooperative guide' can more than save you his fee .
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once the focal point for dealing with these issues has been determined by the Royal Thai Government, Thailand will participate more actively in international cooperative scientific programmes.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.Thai dishes can be roughly categorized into central Thai food (around Bangkok), northern Thai food (from the northern region around Chiang Mai, with Burmese and Chinese influence), north-eastern Thai food (from the Isaan region bordering with Laos) and southern Thai food (with heavy influences from Malaysia).^ Bangkok to Chiang Mai (751 km) .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ In the northern part of the Eastern Region of Thailand.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Taking the train is the best way to travel between Bangkok & Chiang Mai , and a train+ferry combo is the best way from Bangkok to Ko Samui .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

The following list covers some better-known dishes; see Isaan for Isaan food, which is widely available throughout the country.
Rice
The Thai staple food is rice (ข้าว khao), so much so that in Thai eating a meal, kin khao, literally means "eat rice".
  • Khao suai (ข้าวสวย) or "beautiful rice" is the plain white steamed rice that serves as the base of almost every meal.
  • Khao phat (ข้าวผัด) is simple fried rice, usually with some pork (muu) or chicken (kai) mixed in.
  • Khao tom (ข้าวต้ม) is a salty and watery rice porridge served with condiments, quite popular at breakfast.
  • Khao nio (ข้าวเหนียว) or "sticky rice" is glutinous rice - usually eaten dry, traditionally by hand, with grilled/fried pork or chicken or beef.
Noodles
Kuay tio phat sii-u kai, or fried giant rice noodles with soy sauce and chicken
Kuay tio phat sii-u kai, or fried giant rice noodles with soy sauce and chicken
Thais are great noodle eaters. The most common kind is rice noodles, served angel-hair (เส้นหมี่ sen mii), small (เส้นเล็ก sen lek), large (เส้นใหญ่ sen yai) and giant (ก๋วยเตี๋ยว kuay tio), but egg noodles (บะหมี่ ba mii), Chinese-style stuffed wonton ravioli (เกี๊ยว kio) and glass noodles made from mung beans (วุ้นเส้น wun sen) are also popular.
Unlike other Thai foods, noodles are usually eaten with chopsticks. They are also usually served with a rack of four condiments, namely dried red chillies , fish sauce, vinegar and sugar which diners can add to their own taste.
  • Phat thai (ผัดไทย), literally "fried Thai", means thin rice noodles fried in a tamarind-based sauce. Ubiquitous, cheap and often excellent - and as an added bonus, it's usually chili-free!
  • Ba mii muu daeng (บะหมี่หมูเเดง) is egg noodles with slices of Chinese-style barbecued pork.
  • Kuai tio ruea (ก๋วยเตี๋ยวเรือ) is a rice noodle soup with a fiery pork blood stock and an assortment of offal. An acquired taste, but an addictive one.
Soups and curries
The line between soups (ต้ม tom, literally just "boiled") and curries (เเกง kaeng) is a little fuzzy, and many dishes the Thais call curries would be soups to an Indian. A plate of rice with a ladleful of a curry or two on top, known as khao kaeng (ข้าวเเกง), is a very popular quick meal if eating alone.
  • Tom yam kung (ต้มยำกุ้ง) is the quintessential Thai dish, a sour soup with prawns, lemongrass and galangal. .The real thing is quite spicy, but toned-down versions are often available on request.
  • Tom kha kai (ต้มข่าไก่) is the Thai version of chicken soup in a rich galangal-flavored coconut stock, with mushrooms and not a few chillies.
  • Kaeng daeng (เเกงเเดง, "red curry") and kaeng phet (เเกงเผ็ด, "hot curry") are the same dish and, as you might guess, this coconut-based dish can be spicy.^ Thai University students in 1973 were careful to tone down their actions against the military dictatorship by an appeal to religion and the monarchy, The demonstrators were displaying the symbols of the Thai people ..
    • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Red curry with roast duck (kaeng pet yaang เเกงเป็ดย่าง) is particularly popular.
  • Kaeng khio-waan (เเกงเขียวหวาน), sweet green curry, is a coconut-based curry with strong accents of lemongrass and kaffir lime.^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/'Gaeng pet yang' (duck curry).jpg .
    • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Usually milder than the red variety.
  • Kaeng som (เเกงส้ม), orange curry, is more like tamarind soup than curry, usually served with pieces of herb omelette in the soup.
Mains
Thais like their mains fried (ทอด thot or ผัด phat) or grilled (yaang ย่าง). Fish, in particular, is often deep-fried until the meat turns brown and crispy.
  • Ka-phrao kai (กะเพราไก่), literally "basil chicken" is a simple but intensely fragrant stirfry made from peppery holy basil leaves, chillies and chicken.
Salads
A classic Isaan meal: som tam papaya salad, larb meat salad and sticky rice
A classic Isaan meal: som tam papaya salad, larb meat salad and sticky rice
.About the only thing Thai salads (ยำ yam) have in common with the Western variety is that they are both based on raw vegetables.^ "Unofficially Cambodia", the "Kent State Massacre" demonstration was about 'secret bombing' & the clandestine invasion of Cambodia from Thai bases.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A uniquely Thai flavor is achieved by drowning the ingredients in fish sauce, lime juice and chillies - the end result can be very spicy indeed!^ The Thai society that has resulted is quite unique.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • Som tam (ส้มตำ), a salad made from shredded and pounded raw papaya is often considered a classic Thai dish, but it actually originates from neighboring Laos.^ Thai bronze was made with tin ( lots of tin in SE Asia) & was actually superior to the Mesopotamian bronze that required the use of toxic arsenic.
    • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    However, the Thai version is less sour and more sweet than the original, with peanuts and dried shrimp mixed in.
  • Yam ponlamai (ยำผลไม้) is Thai-style fruit salad, meaning that instead of canned maraschino cherries it has fresh fruit topped with oodles of fish sauce and chillies.
  • Yam som-o (ยำส้มโอ) is an unusual salad made from pomelo (a mutant version of grapefruit) and anything else on hand, often including chicken or dried shrimp.
  • Yam wunsen (ยำวุ้นเส้น) is perhaps the most common yam, with glass noodles and shrimp.
Dessert
.Thais don't usually eat "dessert" in the Western after-meal sense, although you may get a few slices of fresh fruit (ผลไม้ ponlamai) for free at fancier places, but they certainly have a finely honed sweet tooth.^ Although they may perform the same work as direct-hire workers they were paid less and received fewer, or no, benefits.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ This means that, when you teach in the school, you will have to conform to the local teaching methods or style, but you will be free to choose your own way of teaching and may bring your own ideas into class.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They were arrested by Thai authorities and placed in separate detention facilities spread out across Phetchabun Province.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

  • Khanom (ขนม) covers a vast range of cookies, biscuits, chips and anything else snackable, and piles of the stuff can be found in any Thai office after lunch. One common variety called khanom khrok (ขนมครก) is worth a special mention: these are little lens-shaped pancakes of rice and coconut, freshly cooked and served by street vendors everywhere.
  • Khao nio ma-muang (ข้าวเหนียวมะม่วง) means "sticky rice with mango", and that's what you get, with some coconut milk drizzled on top. .Filling and delicious and an excellent way to cool the palate after a spicey Thai dish!^ Blues sung in Thai (Way Cool!
    • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Alternatively, for the more adventurous type, an equally popular dish is Khao nio tu-rean in which you get durian instead of mango with your sticky rice.
  • Waan yen (หวานเย็น), literally "sweet cold", consists of a pile of ingredients of your choice (including things like sweet corn and kidney beans) topped with syrup, coconut cream and a pile of ice, and is great for cooling down on a hot day or after a searing curry.

Vegetarian food

.Vegetarians won't have too many problems surviving in Thailand, with one significant exception: fish sauce (น้ำปลา naam plaa) is to Thai cuisine what soy sauce is to Chinese food, and keeping it out of soups, curries and stir-fries will be a challenge.^ STATUS REPORT: Thailand is an active participant in many international agencies and discussions concerned with environment, development, trade and peace-keeping issues.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.That said, Thailand is a Buddhist country and vegetarianism is a fairly well-understood concept, especially among Chinese Thais (many of whom eat only vegetarian food during several festivals).^ The children were referred to government-provided shelters, but many, especially foreign migrants, reportedly avoided the shelters due to fear of being detained and expelled from the country.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Thailand is the only country in Indochina ( FRENCH Indochina ) to escape French colonialism.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the global level, Thailand actively participates in economic cooperation with EU countries as well as North America.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.Tofu is a traditional Thai ingredient and they aren't afraid to mix it up in some non traditional dishes such as omelettes (with or without eggs), submarine sandwiches, and burritos.^ By popular demand, the chefs have introduced a range of traditional Thai dishes that highlight the freshness and individuality of Thai cuisine that has become popular across the world.
  • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ If you want to try authentic Thai dishes in a fine setting, Roof Top Terrace Restaurant provides you with the finest in traditional Thai cuisine.
  • Siam Heritage Boutique Suites, Bangkok hotels | Sawadee.com, Thailand 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.sawadee.com [Source type: General]

Since Thai dishes are usually made to order, it's easy to ask for anything on the menu to be made without meat or fish. .Bangkok features several fantastic veggie and vegan restaurants, but outside of big cities make sure to check that your idea of "veggie" matches the chef's.^ The cargo car gets very full so it is worth turning up early to make sure that there is enough space in it to accommodate your bike.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ To make sure, that your email address is correct, we send an automatic email to you after your enquiry arrive.
  • Siam Heritage Boutique Suites, Bangkok hotels | Sawadee.com, Thailand 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.sawadee.com [Source type: General]

Some key phrases for vegetarians:
  • phom kin je (m) / di-chan kin je (f) ผม(ดิฉัน)กินเจ "I eat only vegetarian food"
  • karunaa mai sai naam plaa กรุณาไม่ใส่น้ำปลา "Please don't use fish sauce"

Restaurant chains

.Thailand has a large number of indigenous restaurant chains offering much the same fare as your average street stall, but with the added advantages of air conditioning, printed menus (often in English) and some semblance of hygiene.^ This camp hopes to improve the local childrens English, hygiene conditions and this is what the local people are expecting from the volunteers.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Brief comments on this chapter (maximum 100 words) (please, do not exceed this page): Thailand's indigenous people are largely Hilltribe people.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.All the chains are heavily concentrated in Bangkok, but larger cities and popular tourist spots may have an outlet or two.^ The infamous "Bridge on the River Kwai" ( Japanese war atrocity movie fame ) is a popular tourist day trip from Bangkok.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hotels in Bangkok, Chiang Mai & other cities in Thailand & Southeast Asia...
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.
  • MK and Coca are near-ubiquitous chains specializing in what the Thais call suki, perhaps better known as "hotpot" or "steamboat". A cauldron boils in the middle of your table, you buy ingredients (10-30 baht a pop) and brew your own soup.^ You can arrange all your tickets in advance or buy them as you go, keeping your options open, it's entirely up to you.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ They charge 400 Baht (6/$10) for airport delivery or whatever the actual overseas courier costs to your home country.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You pay securely by Visa or MasterCard and print out your own ticket, which is valid for travel.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    .The longer you spend, the better it tastes, and the bigger the group you're with, the more fun this is!
  • S&P [29] outlets are a bakery, a café and a restaurant all rolled into one, but their menu's a lot larger than you'd expect: it has all the Thai mainstays you can think of and then some, and most all of it is good.^ In one of the most populous cities in the world, is this hotel that provides calm and gets you ready for the rest of your vacation.
    • Siam @ Siam Design Hotel & Spa Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Its great for shopping and when you have had enough of the frantic pace, you can duck back into the hotel for a quick swim before heading out to do more of the same!
    • Novotel Bangkok On Siam Square Hotel Bangkok Thailand - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If you have the time (we're talking a minimum of 3 weeks one-way), you can travel from London to Bangkok overland.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    .Portions are generally rather small, with prices mostly in the 50-100 baht range.
  • Yum Saap (signs in Thai; look for the big yellow smiley logo) is known for their Thai-style salads (yam), but they offer all the usual suspects as well.^ The 2nd class sleeper fares shown here are for a lower bunk, a narrower upper bunk is 50-100 baht less.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You'll be offered a set menu with a few choices, around 150 baht for dinner and 100 baht for breakfast.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In general the law provides for imprisonment of a year to life and fines of $50 to $1,000 (2,000 to 40,000 baht).
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

    .Quite cheap with mains around 50 baht.
  • Kuaytiew Ruea Siam (signs in Thai; look for the boat-shaped decor and hungry red pig logo) does dirt-cheap noodles with prices starting at 25B. Portions aren't too generous, but at that price you can get two!^ You'll be offered a set menu with a few choices, around 150 baht for dinner and 100 baht for breakfast.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A main course in the wood-panelled Thai restaurant car costs about 1.50 - language is no problem, as you can choose your dish from an illustrated menu.
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In general the law provides for imprisonment of a year to life and fines of $50 to $1,000 (2,000 to 40,000 baht).
    • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

    No concessions to English speakers in menu or taste, so point & choose from the pictures and watch out for the spicier soups.
  • Fuji [30] and Zen specialize in surprisingly passable Japanese food at very cheap prices (at least compared to Japanese restaurants almost anywhere else); rice/noodle mains are less than 100 baht, and you can stuff yourself full of sushi for less than 500 baht.
And yes, you can find the usual McDonalds, KFC, Pizza Hut, Komalas etc if you insist. If you do end up at McD's, at least try the un-Maclike fried chicken with McSomTam (green papaya salad). For those craving American-style pizza, try the ubiquitous The Pizza Company, which is a less expensive and (arguably) tastier local chain.

Drink

Tap water is usually not drinkable in Thailand. Bottled water (น้ำเปล่า naam plao) is cheap and ubiquitous at 5-10 baht a bottle, and drinking water served in restaurants is always at least boiled (น้ำต้ม naam tom). Ice (น้ำแข็ง naam khaeng) in Thailand usually comes packaged straight from the factory and is safe; there is only reason to worry if you are served hand-cut ice.

Iced drinks

Coconut water (น้ำมะพร้าว naam ma-phrao), iced and drunk directly from a fresh coconut is a cheap and healthy way to cool the body - available at restaurants and also from vendors that specialize in fruit juice.
Fruit juices, freezes and milkshakes of all kinds are very popular with Thais and visitors alike. .Most cafés and restaurants charge 20-40 baht, but a bottle of freshly squeezed Thai sweet orange juice (น้ำส้ม naam som) - which really is orange in color!^ For offenses against children under 15 years of age, the penalty ranges from five to 20 years' imprisonment and a fine of $250 to $1,000 (10,000 to 40,000 baht).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The minimum penalty is from four to 20 years' imprisonment and a fine of $200 to $1,000 (8,000 to 40,000 baht).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ If firearms or explosives are used, or if it is a gang rape, the penalty increases to 15 to 20 years' imprisonment and a fine of $750 to $1,000 (30,000 to 40,000 baht).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

- can be sold on the street for 10 baht or less. Thais often add salt to their fruit juices-- an acquired taste that you might just learn to like. Thais also like to have basil seeds in their iced fruit juice sold on the road - which looks like small jelly balls down of the bottle.

Tea and coffee

.One of Thailand's most characteristic drinks is Thai iced tea (ชาเย็น chaa yen, lit.^ Most free legal aid came from private groups, including the Law Society of Thailand and the Thai Women Lawyers Association.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

"cold tea"). Instantly identifiable thanks to its lurid orange color, this is the side effect of adding ground tamarind seed (or, these days, artificial color) during the curing process. The iced tea is always very strong and very sweet, and usually served with a dash of condensed milk; ask for chaa dam yen to skip the milk.
Naam chaa and chaa jiin are weak and full-strength Chinese tea, often served in restaurants for free. Western-style black tea is chaa ron (ชาร้อน). Coffee (กาแฟ kaafae) is also widely available, and is usually served with condensed milk and lots of sugar. Ask for kaafae thung to get traditional filtered "bag" coffee instead of instant.
The Starbucks phenomenon has also arrived in Thailand, but for the moment local competitors Black Canyon Coffee and S&P still have the edge in marketshare. .These are the places to look for if you want that triple-moccha latte with hazelnut swirl and are willing to pay 100 baht for the privilege.^ You'll be offered a set menu with a few choices, around 150 baht for dinner and 100 baht for breakfast.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ At least 23 of these families have accepted monetary compensation from the government of approximately $2,700 (100,000 baht).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ If you want to travel at these periods you should definitely pre-book, preferably on the very day booking opens (60 days before departure).
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

  • Black Canyon Coffee [31] is Thailand's home-brewed Starbucks, but while coffee is their mainstay they also offer a limited meal menu. Try the chaa yen (lurid orange Thai iced tea with milk).

Energy drinks

Thailand is the original home of the Red Bull brand energy drink - a licensed and re-branded version of Thailand's original Krathing Daeng (กระทิงแดง, "Red Bull"), complete with the familiar logo of two bulls charging at each other.
.The Thai version, however, is syrupy sweet, uncarbonated and comes packaged in medicinal-looking brown glass bottles, as the target customers are not trendy clubbers, but Thailand's working class of construction workers and bus drivers in need of a pick-me-up.^ On May 27, gunmen in a pick-up truck shot and killed former Thai Rak Thai (TRT) member of parliament (MP) Kobkul Nopamornbodee.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The English version hasn't worked for some years, but the Thai version works, so here's how to use it, with thanks to traveller Bob McCormick: .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ However, the law does not cover the agricultural and informal sectors, including domestic work, which employ the majority of persons in the workforce, including many child workers.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.And a pick-me-up it most certainly is; the caffeine content is higher even than Western-style Red Bull, and packs a punch equivalent to two or three shots of espresso coffee.^ On May 27, gunmen in a pick-up truck shot and killed former Thai Rak Thai (TRT) member of parliament (MP) Kobkul Nopamornbodee.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Krathing Daeng and its many competitors (including M150, Shark, .357 and the inevitable Karabao Daeng, "Red Buffalo") are available in any convenience store for 10 baht a pop, although in some places you can now buy imported European Red Bull for five times the price.^ You can get a feel for whether to pre-book or just buy tickets when you get there by using the real-time seat availability check below.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You can buy tickets for one to four people at a time, but not for more than 4 people unless you repeat the process.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ For offenses against children under 15 years of age, the penalty ranges from five to 20 years' imprisonment and a fine of $250 to $1,000 (10,000 to 40,000 baht).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Alcohol

.Drinking alcohol in Thailand, especially if you like Western tipples, is actually comparatively expensive - but still very affordable by Western standards.^ One is able to print off ones tickets which look similar to those you actually get in Thailand.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Note that retail sales of alcohol in supermarkets, convenience stores etc are banned between midnight and 11 AM and, more bizarrely, 2-5 PM. Restaurants and bars are not affected, and smaller, non-chain stores are often willing to ignore the rules.
Whisky
The misnamed Thai whisky (lao) refers to a number of distilled rice liquors, the best known being the infamous Mae Khong ("Mekong") brand and its competitor, the sweeter, vaguely rum-like Saeng Som ("Sangsom"). The only resemblances to whisky are the brown color and high alcohol content, and indeed many people liken the smell to nail polish remover, but the taste is not quite as bad, especially when diluted with cola or tonic water. .This is also by far the cheapest way to get blotto, as a pocket flask of the stuff (available in any convenience store or supermarket) costs only around 50 baht.^ The whole 1,946 km (1,249 miles) trip costs just 33 or US$ 50 one-way, including sleepers, a real bargain.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Out in the countryside many villages distil their own moonshine (lao thuean), which is strictly speaking illegal, but nobody seems to mind very much.^ Very often you will hear a Lao or Khmen (of Issan) in Bangkok speak of buying their Issan family another water buffalo.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Especially when hilltribe trekking in the North you're likely to be invited to sample some, and it's polite to at least take a sip.^ In case you're interested a serious rant against tobacco companies here, some gross smokers lung pictures.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You're likely to find a number of buses to Krabi waiting at Surat Thani station after the arrival of your train.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ A good guidebook like the Lonely Planet or Rough Guides will point you at some good hotels in each town or city when you get there.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Beer
.Beer (เบียร์ bia) is a bit of an upmarket drink in Thailand, with the price of a small bottle hovering between 50 and 100 baht in most pubs, bars and restaurants.^ The 2nd class sleeper fares shown here are for a lower bunk, a narrower upper bunk is 50-100 baht less.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Most underage workers in urban areas worked in the service sector, primarily in gasoline stations, small scale industry, and restaurants.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Thais like their lagers with relatively high alcohol content (around 6%), as it is designed to be drunk with ice, so the beer in Thailand may pack more of a punch than you are used to.^ The Dutch then took 'war like action' capturing a Thai merchant vessel in the Gulf of Thailand & blockading the mouth of the Chao Praya River.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A 'cooperative guide' can more than save you his fee .
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once the focal point for dealing with these issues has been determined by the Royal Thai Government, Thailand will participate more actively in international cooperative scientific programmes.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

  • Local brews: For many years the only locally brewed beer was Singha (pronounced just Sing) but it has lost market to cheaper and stronger Chang. Both are pretty strong though, but for those who prefer something a bit lighter, both local brands have introduced low-alcohol versions of their beers. Singha Light comes in at 3.5%, Chang Draught is 5% and Chang Light is 4.2%. .There are also some cheaper local beers which are rarely found outside of shops and supermarkets - Leo and Archa being among the most popular.
  • Premium brands: The two most popular premium brands are Heineken and Tiger, but San Miguel, Federbrau and other Asian beers such as the Japanese Asahi are also fairly commonplace.^ All activities under this programme area are rated as "important" or "very important"; some have been fully covered, most are well covered and gaps are being addressed.
    • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Decision-Making Structure: MOPH coordinates with other organizations (such as MOSTE).
    • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Many other locations have not been restored or only partially restored & will require some imagination to realize what was there before the Burmese turned as much of it to rubble as they could.
    • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The premium beers tend to be a bit weaker than the full-strength local beers, and are about 10-20% more expensive.
  • Imported beers: Most upmarket pubs in touristy areas will have at least a couple of imported beers available along with the usual local brands, either on draught, in bottles or both.^ The bus fare is unlikely to be more than about 280 Baht (5).
    • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This is also the time to have fun (sanuk) together, learn more about each other's cultures and set a good basis for future activities, while to give both the participants and the local people an opportunity to exchange their culture.
    • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This is also the time to have fun (sanuk) together, learn more about each other's cultures and set a good basis for future activities while to give both the participants and the local people an opportunity to exchange their culture.
    • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

    Belgian and German beers can often be found, as well as Irish stouts and ales such as Guinness, British bitters such as John Smiths and the light Mexican beer Corona is gaining in popularity. Regional favourite BeerLao has also started to make an appearance in bars and pubs around the country. .All imported beers (with the exception of BeerLao) are very expensive though, being about twice the price of locally sourced beers.
  • Other non-beers: The usual range of "alcopops" is available in Thailand, with Bacardi Breezer enjoying the lion's share of the market.^ All activities under this programme area are rated as "important" or "very important"; some have been fully covered, most are well covered and gaps are being addressed.
    • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ During the work camp you will work together with other volunteers and with local students of all ages.
    • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This workcamp is all about environment preservation that means, it is to teach to the local people to understand environment issue by taking care of the nature and also keep it clean.
    • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

    Spy wine cooler is also popular. Cider is harder to find, although some pubs have started to stock Magners and Bulmers.
'Imported drinks'
Imported liquors, wines and beers are widely available but prohibitively priced for the average Thai. .A shot of any brand-name liquor is at least 100 baht, a pint of Guinness will set you back at least 200 baht and, thanks to an inexplicable 340% tax, even the cheapest bottle of wine will set you back over 500 baht.^ You'll be offered a set menu with a few choices, around 150 baht for dinner and 100 baht for breakfast.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/Chilis - 100 gm for 8 Baht, 200 gm for 15 Baht.jpg .
  • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At least 23 of these families have accepted monetary compensation from the government of approximately $2,700 (100,000 baht).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Note that, in cheaper bars (especially the go-go kind), the content of that familiar bottle of Jack Daniels may be something entirely different.

Sleep

Thailand has a plethora of accommodation in every price bracket. Always take a look at the room (or better still several rooms, sometimes owners offer not the best/cheaper rooms first) before agreeing a price. .In smaller establishments also do ask for the agreed price in writing to avoid problems during check out.^ To avoid the entire & detailed truth coming out regarding Unocal's US management's complicity in allowing the mass murder / rape during sworn testimony Unocal agreed to a huge out of court settlement.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The best prices (30%-50% off rack rates) for accommodation can be found during Thailand's low season, which is during May - August, which not surprisingly also coincides with the region's monsoon season.^ You will be staying in dormitory-style accommodations or with the villagers home, if in home of villagers try to be put on your best way during in home stay.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

The peak season is during December - February.
The prices listed are average for the country, and vary depending on the region and season. .Smaller provincial towns will not have fancy hotels or resorts, while on popular island beaches it may be hard to find something cheaper than 300-400 baht even during the low season.^ An annual multi-trip policy is usually cheaper than several single-trip policies even for just 2 or 3 trips a year (I have an annual policy myself).
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Guesthouses are usually the cheapest option, basic ones cost 100-200 baht per room per night (100 or less for a dorm bed).^ The 2nd class sleeper fares shown here are for a lower bunk, a narrower upper bunk is 50-100 baht less.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Non-air-con sleepers (available on a few trains) cost 160-200 baht less than the air-con variety.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/Chilis - 100 gm for 8 Baht, 200 gm for 15 Baht.jpg .
  • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This gets you a room with a fan, a squat toilet (often shared), shower (shared or private) and not much else.^ L = Premier Deluxe sleeper , 1 or 2-bed compartments with private shower & toilet, air-conditioned.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Better guesthouses, especially in towns with significant amount of foreign guests, have more amenities (European style toilet, 24h hot shower, bigger room or even balcony, free wi-fi internet, sometimes TV, everyday room service, fridge) - with price, subsequently, in the range 200-500 baht.^ The toilet at the end of the car even has a shower (cold water, but very welcome).
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ FREE TIME: You will have plenty of free time in the mornings and especially the evenings and weekend.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You will have plenty of free time in the mornings and especially the evenings and weekend.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

.This makes them close to Thai hotels - however, the difference is they're more oriented to the Western clientele, and as such often offer various tours (sometimes overpriced), computers and/or in-room Internet access, or even have a ground floor restaurant.^ Internet providers enforced the ban, informing their customers that they had blocked access to the Web site.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.If you're satisfied with the guesthouse of your choice and plan to stay there for more than several days (especially during the low season or in the places with abundant accommodation options such as Chiang Mai) - ask for a discount; this may be offered not everywhere, but if it is - even weekly rate may be 25% less or so, and for monthly rates it's not uncommon to be twice or more cheaper.^ During your stay you may also visit some lakes and waterfalls.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Phu Kradung, Phu Luang and Phu Reua National parks; during your stay you may also visit some lakes and waterfalls.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Any Changwat with more inhabitants than the number of inhabitants per one member shall have an additional member of the House of Representatives for every such number of inhabitants as representing the number of inhabitants per one member; .
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

.Normally, you'll have to pay for the entire period asked, but note that if something changes and you have to check out early - money refunds are not customary in Thailand.^ If you're flexible and aren't travelling in a peak holiday period, you'll be fine buying tickets when you get to Thailand.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You pay securely by Visa or MasterCard and print out your own ticket, which is valid for travel.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You can check train times in Thailand on the SRT website www.railway.co.th .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.As such, if an early departure is possible (but unlikely enough to pay a week/month in advance) - you should discuss this option with the owner/manager beforehand.^ You can arrange all your tickets in advance or buy them as you go, keeping your options open, it's entirely up to you.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ ADB is discussing the possibility of creating an industrial and wastewater treatment technology centre to be managed by PCD. Several countries are involved in technology exhibits at IEAT's headquarters.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ If you want to travel at these periods you should definitely pre-book, preferably on the very day booking opens (60 days before departure).
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Hostels are something not typical for Thailand. .The reason is obvious - given the abundance of the budget accommodation in Thailand, and that hostels are unknown to Thais and, as such, purely Westerner-oriented, the price for a private room in a guesthouse will be almost the same, or even cheaper, than for a dorm bed in a hostel!^ An annual multi-trip policy is usually cheaper than several single-trip policies even for just 2 or 3 trips a year (I have an annual policy myself).
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Hostelbookers has online booking of cheap private rooms or dorm beds in backpacker hostels in Bangkok, Chiang Mai and most other cities at rock-bottom prices.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Most free legal aid came from private groups, including the Law Society of Thailand and the Thai Women Lawyers Association.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.You may get a bit more Westernized and hotel-like interiors, but is it worth the lack of privacy?^ Travelling from Bangkok to Chiang Mai by sleeper is effectively faster than flying, less hassle, far more environmentally friendly, more of a real Thai experience, and saves you a hotel bill, too.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ A good guidebook like the Lonely Planet or Rough Guides will point you at some good hotels in each town or city when you get there.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Anyway, if you do insist on staying in a hostel, you can find some in the big cities by looking on the corresponding global websites.^ Phu Kradung, Phu Luang and Phu Reua National parks; during your stay you may also visit some lakes and waterfalls.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Don't be afraid to find hotels as you go, to stay flexible.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ During your stay you may also visit some lakes and waterfalls.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

Don't expect to find them just by walking by the streets, though.
.Thai hotels start around 200 baht and go up to around 800 baht.^ Set up in 2005, it's an amazing system and probably the best place to start for booking any hotel online in any country, worldwide.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ The Thai railways charge 200 Baht (3 or $5) per email booking.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.The upper end of this range will be air-conditioned, the lower end will not.^ S = 2nd class (Standard Night) sleepers , upper & lower berths with curtains for privacy, air-conditioned.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ It doesn't offer a choice of upper or lower berth, but if you get an upper at the end of the booking (before payment), simply go back and reselect the train and it may well offer you a lower.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.The primary difference is that with a hotel room, your bathroom should be private, bed linen and towels should be provided, and there may be a hot shower.^ Clean bedding, soap and towels are provided.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ L = Premier Deluxe sleeper , 1 or 2-bed compartments with private shower & toilet, air-conditioned.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition there were eight private associations providing occasional trainings for persons with disabilities.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

The guests are mostly Thais. .TVs are available except in the lower end; Internet access, though, is less likely to be present than in guesthouses; and is even less likely to be complimentary and/or in-room.^ Non-air-con sleepers (available on a few trains) cost 160-200 baht less than the air-con variety.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Tourist hotels are generally around 1000 baht and offer the basics for a beach vacation: swimming pool, room service and colour TV.
.Boutique hotels, 2000 baht and up, have mushroomed during the past few years, they provide a limited number of rooms (10 or less) and more personalized service.^ The person having held office of senator with membership having terminated for not more than two years shall not be a Minister or a person holding any political position.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to the UNHCR, more than 1,800 transferred to camps during the year, while 340 did not.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Private hospitals provide about 19 per cent of total public services (in terms of the number of beds provided).
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

Quality can vary widely, so research is essential.
.Business and luxury hotels , 4000 baht and up, offer every modern amenity you can think of and are largely indistinguishable from hotels anywhere else in the world.^ You'll be offered a set menu with a few choices, around 150 baht for dinner and 100 baht for breakfast.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You can pick up tickets at their office or have them delivered to your hotel.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Some, notably Bangkok's The Oriental, The Sukhothai and The Peninsula are among the world's best hotels. .The boutique hotels such as ""Tenface"" [32] and ""Reflection"". The most luxurious resorts also fall in this price category, with some of the very best and most private adding a few zeros to the price.^ All activities under this programme area are rated as "important" or "very important"; some have been fully covered, most are well covered and gaps are being addressed.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Some have transferred to the camps, but very few have been screened by the PABs.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Stay safe

The number one cause of death for visitors to Thailand is motorbike accidents, especially on the often narrow, mountainous and twisty roads of Phuket and Samui. Drive defensively, wear a helmet, don't drink and avoid travel at night.

Political unrest

.Long-simmering tension between pro- and anti-government groups came to head in 2008, with the anti-government People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD) first blockading several airports in the South for a few days in summer and in November taking over both of Bangkok's airports for a week, causing immense disruption to tourism and the Thai economy.^ Between January and April, the People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD--a coalition of NGOs) staged a series of massive antigovernment demonstrations in Bangkok and other cities around the country.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Taking the train is the best way to travel between Bangkok & Chiang Mai , and a train+ferry combo is the best way from Bangkok to Ko Samui .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ If done all in one go, the complete journey from Bangkok to Singapore takes two nights, though you can stop off wherever you like for as long as you like.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

However, while several protesters were killed or injured in scuffles, by and large the protests were peaceful and no tourists were harmed.
.Following the resignation of the prime minister in December 2008, things have gone back to normal for the time being, but the situation remains unstable.^ Prime Minister Thaksin resigns after huge protest demonstrations in Bangkok.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the Annual Appropriations Act for the following fiscal year is not enacted in time, the law on annual appropriations for the preceding fiscal year shall apply for the time being.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime Minister and a Minister shall not be a partner or shareholder of a partnership or a company or retain his being a partner or shareholder of a partnership or a company up to the limit as provided by law.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

Keep an eye on the news and try to keep your plans flexible. Avoid demonstrations and other political gatherings.

Scams

.Thailand has more than its fair share of scams, but most are easily avoided with some common sense.^ Quite amazing that Thailand was able to avoid being some Empire's colony.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More bombs were dropped on Laos than on Germany in WWII. Laos, a country that has never been part of any war, is the most bombed country on earth .
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2004 - 2006 more than 600 people have died in Thailand's Muslim south, in attacks blamed on Islamic militants.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.More a nuisance than a danger, a common scam by touts, taxi drivers and tuk-tuk drivers in Thailand is to wait by important monuments and temples and waylay Western travellers, telling them that the site is closed for a "Buddhist holiday", "repairs" or a similar reason.^ Changwat which is divided into more constituencies than one, the boundary of each constituency shall be adjoining and the number of inhabitants in each constituency must be closely apportioned.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The monastery contracted with a Buddhist organization to disinter the remains outside the allocated area and relocate them to a more suitable site, pending cremation.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The Burmese plundered / burned Ayutthaya in 1767, so there are more ruins than complete temples / governmental palaces.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The 'helpful' driver will then offer to take the traveller to another site, such as a market or store. .Travellers who accept these offers will often end up at out-of-the-way markets with outrageous prices - and no way to get back to the center of town where they came from.^ There aren't any travel agencies who can arrange the whole trip, so you will need to plan it out and arrange each stage of the journey yourself.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ According to Mr. Daley, "more than 40,000 people in the garment industry alone have been thrown out of work, many of them ending up in the sex industry".
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It doesn't offer a choice of upper or lower berth, but if you get an upper at the end of the booking (before payment), simply go back and reselect the train and it may well offer you a lower.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Always check at the front gate of the site you're visiting to make sure it's really closed.^ Thank you for visiting my site...
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Make sure you take a good guidebook.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ If you're interested, visit www.orient-expresstrains.com .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Some Tuk-tuk drivers might demand much higher price than agreed, or they might take you to a sex show, pretending they didn't understand the address (they get commissions from sex shows).^ They have some true 'clipper artists' taking care of the King's Summer Palace.
  • Thailand's History 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.csmngt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For the same reason, avoid drivers who propose their services without being asked, especially near major tourist attractions.^ The children were referred to government-provided shelters, but many, especially foreign migrants, reportedly avoided the shelters due to fear of being detained and expelled from the country.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Don't buy any sightseeing tours at the airport. .If you do, they will phone several times to your hotel in order to remind you about the tour.^ These agencies will book trains for you and have the tickets waiting for you at your hotel in Bangkok, or they can send them to you in the UK by courier.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ At your destination you go to the cargo car and collect the bike you will have to show your ticket & cargo ticket before they will release it.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You can pick up tickets at their office or have them delivered to your hotel.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.During the tour, you will be shortly taken to a small temple, without a guide, and then one shop after another (they get commissions).^ Seat61 gets a small commission if you buy after clicking these links.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Seat61 gets a small commission if you buy through this link.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You won't regret buying either one of these guides..!
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.They might refuse to take you back home until you see all the shops.^ You simply take the overnight sleeper train from Bangkok to Surat Thani, see the train times above .
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You will see rural Thailand and have an opportunity to reside in a small village with the villagers and students in their homes.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If done all in one go, the complete journey from Bangkok to Singapore takes two nights, though you can stop off wherever you like for as long as you like.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.On your way back, they pressure you to buy more tours.^ You can buy tickets for one to four people at a time, but not for more than 4 people unless you repeat the process.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You can arrange all your tickets in advance or buy them as you go, keeping your options open, it's entirely up to you.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ The procedure is to buy your ticket, then locate the cargo office where they will fill out a cargo ticket.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Easily identified with practice, it is not uncommon in tourist areas to be approached by a clean cut, well dressed man who often will be toting a cellphone. These scammers will start up polite conversation, showing interest in the unsuspecting tourist's background, family, or itinerary. Inevitably, the conversation will drift to the meat of the scam. .This may be something as innocuous as over-priced tickets to a kantok meal and show, or as serious as a gambling scam or (particularly in Bangkok) the infamous gem scam.^ I had someone try this scam on me at Bangkok but had no problems in Chiang Mai.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Once identified, the wary traveller should have no trouble picking out these scammers from a crowd.^ If you want to travel at these periods you should definitely pre-book, preferably on the very day booking opens (60 days before departure).
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

The tell-tale well pressed slacks and button down shirt, freshly cut hair of a conservative style, and late-model cellphone comprise their uniform. .Milling around tourist areas without any clear purpose for doing so, the careful traveller should have no difficulty detecting and avoiding these scammers.^ If you want to travel at these periods you should definitely pre-book, preferably on the very day booking opens (60 days before departure).
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Many visitors will encounter young Thai ladies armed with a clipboard and a smile enquiring as to their nationality, often with an aside along the lines of "please help me to earn 30 baht". The suggestion is that the visitor completes a tourism questionnaire (which includes supplying their hotel name and room number) with the incentive that they just might win a prize - the reality is that everyone gets a call to say that they are a "winner", however the prize can only be collected by attending an arduous time-share presentation.^ Personal recommendation : The Royal Hotel in Bangkok is very central, just round the corner from the Grand Palace, has an upmarket feel and gets good reviews, and costs only around $30 (15) for a single room or $50 (25) for a double.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Many of these children were forced to turn over their daily earnings to the gang and were paid less than a dollar (34 baht) a day.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/A young Thai man gets a new tattoo.jpg .
  • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Note that the lady with the clipboard doesn't get her 30 baht if you don't attend the presentation; also that only English-speaking nationalities are targeted.^ Nobody expects you to teach the students to speak English fluently in two weeks but this camp will motivate them to learn English in the near future.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nobody expects you to teach the students to speak English fluently in two weeks.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

.A more recent serious scam involves being accused of shoplifting in the duty free shops in the Bangkok airport.^ Investigations also continued into various allegations of corruption involving construction and procurement at Bangkok's new international airport.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Those accused are threatened with long prison sentences, then given the opportunity to pay $10,000 or more as "bail" to make the problem disappear and to be allowed to leave Thailand.^ Thailand has long favored an open international trading system, provided that developing nations are given equal opportunities to compete and grow.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In addition, 60 percent of domestic workers surveyed said they were not allowed to leave their work premises, while 82 percent said they worked more than 12 hours a day.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ In August the government announced an agreement with the government of Burma to allow Burmese migrants working in Thailand the opportunity to apply for temporary passports at select Burmese border crossings.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.If you end up in this pickle, contact your embassy and use their lawyer or translator, not the "helpful" guy hanging around.^ You can arrange all your tickets in advance or buy them as you go, keeping your options open, it's entirely up to you.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Then sketch out your itinerary using a simple spreadsheet like this , deciding where and for how long you want to stop off.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You pay by credit card and either print out your ticket on your PC printer or pick up tickets at the station in Malaysia.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Robbery on overnight buses

Thailand is quite safe for tourists. .However, there have been some reports about people getting drugged and robbed while traveling on overnight buses.^ There were reports that some employers refused to hire persons who tested positive following employer-mandated blood screening.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Traveller Graham Roberts reports (Feb 2009): "I have just used it successfully to book some Thai train tickets.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ There were credible reports that the political opposition had difficulty getting broadcast time due to fears of offending the government.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

To avoid this, steer away from cheapish and non-government buses, make sure you have all your money stored safely in a money belt or another hard-to-reach place and always check your money balance before getting off. Warning your travel companions about this danger is also advised. In case this happens, firmly refuse to get off the bus, tell the rest of the people about the situation and immediately call the police. .It may not be possible to stay on the bus, as your refusal may prompt the staff to unload your hold luggage onto the street and then continue to drive the bus without your luggage, forcing you to disembark or lose it.^ Phu Kradung, Phu Luang and Phu Reua National parks; during your stay you may also visit some lakes and waterfalls.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During your stay you may also visit some lakes and waterfalls.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Donors: You may wish to describe here how Agenda 21 has influenced your ODA policies in this area.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

Prostitution

.Thailand's age of consent is 15 but a higher minimum age of 18 applies in the case of prostitutes.^ The Prostitution Prevention and Suppression Act makes child prostitution illegal and provides for criminal punishment for those who use prostitutes under age 18.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ ThaGwy161-07 Loei 16-Apr-07 to 29-Apr-07 TEACH 15 V. Ages 18+ Fee:$250.00 Xtra Fee: $170.00 REPORT REFUND: $50.00 .
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ ThaGwy331-07 Songkhla 1 13-Aug-07 to 26-Aug-07 TEACH 15 V. Ages 18+ Fee:$250.00 Xtra Fee: $170.00 REPORT REFUND: $50.00 .
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

.Thai penalties for sex with minors are harsh, and even if your partner is over the age of consent in Thailand, tourists who have sex with minors may be prosecuted by their home country.^ Consequently, there may be some minor inconsistencies among the formats of the different country profiles.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ They charge 400 Baht (6/$10) for airport delivery or whatever the actual overseas courier costs to your home country.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.As far as ascertaining the age of your partner goes, all adult Thais must carry an identity card, which will state that they were born in 2535 or earlier if they were over the age of 18 on January 1, 2010 (in the Thai calendar, AD 2010 is the year 2553).^ The next three fields are day, month, year (Remember that 2009 = 2552 in the Thai calendar!
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ All laws, Royal Prescripts and Royal Commands relating to State affairs must be countersigned by a Minister unless otherwise provided in this Constitution.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In this workcamp will be focusing on teaching English and general hygiene to the children from the age 5-18 years.
  • THAILAND 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.vfp.org [Source type: Original source]

.Some prostitutes are "freelancers", but most are employed by bars or similar businesses and if hiring a prostitute from a bar or similar business, you will have to pay a fee for the establishment called a "bar fine". This entitles you to take them out of their place of employment; it does not pay for any bedroom gymnastics.^ You pay securely by Visa or MasterCard and print out your own ticket, which is valid for travel.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ You pay by credit card and either print out your ticket on your PC printer or pick up tickets at the station in Malaysia.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Remember that bar girls, gogo girls and freelancers are all professionals, who are far more likely to be interested in money you can give them than in any continuing relationship for its own sake.^ Bookings open 60 days before departure, but email bookings are only accepted more than 15 days before departure to give them time to respond.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ If done all in one go, the complete journey from Bangkok to Singapore takes two nights, though you can stop off wherever you like for as long as you like.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ In September police raided a shrimp processing factory in Samut Sakhon and found more than 100 Burmese workers who had been held on the premises against their will.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Cases of visitors falling desperately in love and then being milked out of all they are worth abound.^ At year's end the case was being prosecuted in the Yala Provincial Court and all five defendants were free on bail.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Thailand has a high rate of STD infection, including HIV/AIDS, both among the general population and among prostitutes.^ HIV/AIDS was estimated to have infected approximately 1.5 percent of the population.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Most free legal aid came from private groups, including the Law Society of Thailand and the Thai Women Lawyers Association.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Condoms can be bought easily in Thailand in all convenience shops and pharmacies but may not be as safe as Western ones.
Technically, some aspects of prostitution in Thailand are illegal (e.g., soliciting, pimping), but enforcement is liberal and brothels are commonplace. It's not illegal to pay for sex or to pay a "bar fine".

Drugs

.Thailand has extremely strict drug laws and your foreign passport is not enough to get you out of legal hot water.^ You pay securely by Visa or MasterCard and print out your own ticket, which is valid for travel.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ FOREIGN LAW BUREAU OFFICE OF THE COUNCIL OF STATE www.krisdika.go.th www.lawreform.go.th © 2007 CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF THAILAND .
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then sketch out your itinerary using a simple spreadsheet like this , deciding where and for how long you want to stop off.
  • Train travel in Thailand | Train times & fares from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Ko Samui, Phuket, Nong Kai etc. 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Possession and trafficking offenses that would merit traffic-ticket misdemeanors in other countries can result in life imprisonment or even death in Thailand.^ Persons trafficked from the PRC often were in transit to other countries, although women and girls from Yunnan Province generally were destined for brothels in the North.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Victims of trafficking were often lured into the country or for transit to other countries, with promises of restaurant or household work and then were pressured or physically forced into prostitution.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Thailand also supports the membership of other countries of the region in ASEAN in order to further strengthen economic cooperation.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.Police frequently raid nightclubs, particularly in Bangkok, with urine tests and full body searches on all patrons.^ A police raid in September discovered 18 migrant workers under the age of 16 working in a shrimp processing factory south of Bangkok.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Ko Pha Ngan's notoriously drug-fueled Full Moon Parties also often draw police attention.^ FlipAlbumCD/Albums/Digital Postcards_opf_files/Full moon party on Koh Pha-Ngan.jpg .
  • Arun Sawat Siam (Picture) Torrent Download - Torrent Reactor NET 3 February 2010 17:58 UTC www.torrentreactor.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Possession of cannabis (กัญชา ganchaa), while illegal, is treated less harshly and, if busted, you may be able to pay an "on the spot fine" to get out, although even this can set you back tens of thousands of baht. It's highly unwise to rely on this.

Civil conflict

.In 2004, long-simmering resentment in the southern-most Muslim-majority provinces burst into violence in Narathiwat, Pattani and Yala provinces.^ Violence committed by suspected Islamic militants in the southern provinces of Narathiwat, Pattani, Songkhla, and Yala affected the ability of some Buddhists in this predominantly Muslim region to undertake the full range of their traditional religious practices.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Violence by ethnic Malay separatist insurgents in the southern part of the country against symbols and representatives of government authority as well as against civilians resulted in hundreds of killings in the provinces of Narathiwat, Yala, Pattani, and Songkhla.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ In 2004 elements of the police and military killed more than 100 persons while repelling multiple attacks in Yala, Pattani, and Narathiwat provinces by unnamed separatist Muslim men.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.All are off the beaten tourist trail, although the eastern rail line from Hat Yai to Sungai Kolok (gateway to Malaysia's east coast) passes through the area and has been disrupted several times by attacks.^ On September 16, coordinated explosions in the shopping areas of Hat Yai City in Songkhla Province killed four and injured 59.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ For example, on August 28, a defense volunteer in Sungai Padi District, Narathiwat, was shot multiple times, his head was nearly severed, and his ears were cut off.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Hat Yai (Thailand's largest city after Bangkok and its Nonthaburi suburbs) in Songkhla has also been hit by a series of related bombings, however the main cross-border rail line connecting Hat Yai and Butterworth (on the west coast) has not been affected, and none of the islands or the west coast beaches have been targeted.^ On December 31, unknown persons conducted a series of bomb attacks at eight locations in Bangkok and Nonthaburi.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ On November 17, a group of 152 Hmong, many with UNHCR refugee status, was arrested in Bangkok and taken to the border city of Nong Khai.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ On September 16, coordinated explosions in the shopping areas of Hat Yai City in Songkhla Province killed four and injured 59.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.In September 2006, three foreigners were killed in bombings in Hat Yai.^ On September 16, coordinated explosions in the shopping areas of Hat Yai City in Songkhla Province killed four and injured 59.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Some rebel groups have threatened foreigners, but while targets have included hotels, karaoke lounges and shopping malls, westerners have not been singled out for attacks.^ Insurgents carried out bombings and targeted attacks on an almost daily basis resulting in death and injuries.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ On August 19, a small group of protesters shouting anti-Thaksin slogans at an event attended by Prime Minister Thaksin in a Bangkok shopping mall were restrained and some were reportedly beaten by plainclothes security guards.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Individuals and groups could generally engage in the peaceful expression of views via the Internet, including by electronic mail; however, there were some limitations.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Passport

Make a photocopy of your passport and the page with your visa stamp. Always keep your passport or the photocopy with you (the law requires that you carry your actual passport at all times, but in practice a photocopy will usually suffice). Many night clubs insist on a passport (and ONLY a passport) as proof of age. It is not required that you leave your passport with a hotel when you check in.

Security

.Carrying your own padlock is a good idea, as budget rooms sometimes use them instead of (or as well as) normal door locks; carry a spare key someplace safe, like your money belt, otherwise considerable expense as well as inconvenience may result should you lose the original.^ Donors: You may wish to describe here how Agenda 21 has influenced your ODA policies in this area.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

Also consider some type of cable to lock your bag to something too big to fit through the door or window.

Wildlife

Thailand has a few dangerous animals. The most common menace is stray dogs which frequent even the streets of Bangkok. The vast majority of which are passive and harmless, but a few of which may carry rabies, so steer clear of them and do not, by any means, feed or pet them. If they try to attack you, don't run as this will encourage them to chase you as if you were prey. Instead, throw a stick or rock to distract them and then run.
Poisonous cobras can be found throughout Thailand, hiding in tall brush or along streams. You're unlikely to ever see one, as they shy away from humans, but they may bite if surprised or provoked. The Siamese crocodile, on the other hand, is nearly extinct and found only in a few remote national parks. Monitor lizards are common in jungles, but despite their scary reptilian appearance they're harmless.

Racial issues

Thais are normally very tolerant of people and tourists, regardless of skin colour, are very unlikely to encounter aggressive racial abuse. However some dark skinned visitors, especially those of African descent, may encounter some uncomfortable situations related to their race. Usually these situations are limited to stares or unwanted attention in shops. Prejudice against blacks tends to be based on nationality. Black tourists from Australia, Canada, the USA and Western Europe can expect to be treated much the same as white tourists from western nations and will generally receive better treatment than Africans. If you are black, you may be more likely than non-black people in certain situations (entering a nightclub, etc.) to be asked to present your passport.

Fights

Do not get into fights with Thais. .Foreigners will eventually be outnumbered 15 to 1 (even against Thai people not initially involved) and weapons (metals, sharp objects, beer bottles, martial arts) are never omitted.^ Trafficked victims residing illegally in the country were not allowed to obtain employment while awaiting repatriation, even if they were involved in legal proceedings against the trafficker.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Trying to break up someone else's fight is just as bad and your good deed will be punished.

Stay healthy

Being a tropical country, Thailand has its fair share of exotic tropical diseases. .Malaria is generally not a problem in any of the major tourist destinations, but is endemic in rural areas along the borders with Cambodia (including Ko Chang in Trat Province), Laos and Myanmar.^ HIV/AIDS, and malaria and filariasis which foreign workers imported from endemic areas).
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ NGOs also reported extensive child labor in garment factories along the Burmese border, in Mae Sot Province.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ On August 15, authorities transported 31 members of this group to a remote area of the Laos border and reportedly left them on the border with several days supply of food.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.As is the case throughout South-East Asia, dengue fever can be encountered just about anywhere, including the most modern cities.^ Investigations were undertaken in most of the cases, including several in which the accused police officers were suspended pending the results of internal investigations.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Thailand also participates in UNEP's Regional Seas Programme, Mekong River Development studies and consultations, South East Asia Fisheries Development, Asia Pacific Fisheries Development, and the Marine Fisheries Committee.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.Food hygiene levels in Thailand are reasonably high, and it's generally safe to eat at street markets and to drink any water offered to you in restaurants.^ Access to safe drinking water (% of population) .
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

Using common sense — eg. avoiding the vendor who leaves raw meat sitting in the sun with flies buzzing around — and following the precautions listed in Food poisoning is still advisable.
.HIV/AIDS (adult infection rate is 1 in 66) and other sexually transmitted diseases are common, especially among sex workers.^ HIV/AIDS, and malaria and filariasis which foreign workers imported from endemic areas).
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Social workers noted that young girls were prized because clients believed that they were free of sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Condoms are sold in all convenience stores, supermarkets, pharmacies, etc. Avoid injection drug use.
There's a pharmacy on every block in Thailand and most are happy to sell you anything you want without a prescription. However, this is technically illegal, and police have been known to occasionally bust tourists for possessing medicines without a prescription — even innocuous stuff like asthma meds.

Respect

.Thais are a polite people and, while remarkably tolerant of foreigners gallivanting on their beaches and with their women, you'll find that you will get more respect if you in turn treat them and their customs with respect.^ The Ministry of Foreign Affairs assisted 270 Thai women and girls, most victims of sexual exploitation, to return from abroad in 2005 (down from 316 in 2004).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

The wai

Ronald McDonald showing how it's done
Ronald McDonald showing how it's done
The traditional greeting known as the wai, where you press your hands together as is in prayer and bow slightly, is derived from the Hindu cultural influence from India, and still widely practised. Among Thais, there are strict rules of hierarchy that dictate how and when the wai should be given. In brief, inferiors salute superiors first. You should not wai service people or street vendors. The higher your hands go, the more respectful you are. You will also often see Thais doing a wai as they walk past temples and spirit houses. .As a foreign visitor, you are not expected to know how to wai, nor to reciprocate when wai'd to; while you're unlikely to cause offense if you do, you may well look slightly strange.^ Donors: You may wish to describe here how Agenda 21 has influenced your ODA policies in this area.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.If somebody makes a wai to you, a slight bow alone is more than sufficient for ordinary occasions, and for business, most Thais will shake hands with foreigners instead of waiing anyway.^ The Ministry of Foreign Affairs assisted 270 Thai women and girls, most victims of sexual exploitation, to return from abroad in 2005 (down from 316 in 2004).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Dress

Personal appearance is very important in Thailand as a measure of respect to other people, you will find that dressing appropriately means that you are shown more respect in return. This translates in many ways, even sometimes lowering initial offering prices at markets. While some allowance is made for the differing customs of foreigners, Thais respond more positively to well-dressed Westerners.
Traditionally, Thais are modest and conservative dressers. At a minimum your clothes should be neat, clean, and free from holes or tears. Except at the beach or at sacred sites normal western dress is acceptable for both men and women, except that you should avoid clothing showing a lot of skin. Pants are preferable to shorts, blouses should have capped sleeves, and if tank tops are worn, the straps should be thick (i.e., not spaghetti straps). Thai men generally wear pants, and most Thais view an adult man wearing shorts as fairly ridiculous; shorts are primarily worn by laborers and schoolchildren. Men's shorts should be knee length or more, if worn at all.
Taking off one's shoes at temples and private homes is mandatory etiquette, and this may even be requested at some shops. Wear shoes that slip on and off easily. Flip-flops, hiking sandals, and clog-type shoes are usually a good pragmatic choice for traveling in Thailand; only in the most top-end establishments are shoes required.
.It is best to play it safe with wats and other sacred sites in Thailand; your dress should be unambiguously modest and cover your entire torso and most of your limbs.^ External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

For men, ankle-length pants are mandatory; on top, t-shirts are acceptable, though a button-front or polo shirt would be best. .Many recommend that women wear only full length dresses and skirts; you should make sure that your clothing covers at least your shoulders and your knees and some places may require that you wear ankle-length pants or skirts and long sleeved tops.^ Donors: You may wish to describe here how Agenda 21 has influenced your ODA policies in this area.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

Shorts and sleeveless shirts are highly inappropriate, as are short skirts. .The rules are even more strict for foreign visitors, so even if you see a local in shorts it's not OK for everyone.^ Youth and Education Student Website Diplomatic History Student Career Programs Virtual Student Foreign Service Youth Exchange Programs Fulbright Program Exchange Visitor Program U.S. Diplomacy Center More...
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Swimsuits should not be revealing — many Thais swim in full clothing. .Women should never go topless on the beach, especially beaches in national parks, as this is illegal and most Thais consider it offensive in the extreme.^ Most free legal aid came from private groups, including the Law Society of Thailand and the Thai Women Lawyers Association.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Because foreign women frequently were unable to speak the language and were considered illegal immigrants, they were particularly vulnerable to physical abuse and exploitation.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The Ministry of Foreign Affairs assisted 270 Thai women and girls, most victims of sexual exploitation, to return from abroad in 2005 (down from 316 in 2004).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Women are sometimes advised to wear a T-shirt over their swimming gear; this is more important at primarily-Thai beach resorts, and will be almost entirely ignored at the most heavily westernized areas.^ Most underage workers in urban areas worked in the service sector, primarily in gasoline stations, small scale industry, and restaurants.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Monks

Buddhist monks are meant to avoid the temptation of women, and in particular they do not touch women or take things from women's hands. .Women should make every effort to make way for monks on the street and give them room so they do not have to make contact with you.^ Every judge of the Constitutional Court who constitutes a quorum shall give a decision on his own part and make an oral statement to the meeting before passing a resolution.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

Women should avoid offering anything to a monk with their hands. Objects or donations should be placed in front of a monk so he can pick it up, or place it on a special cloth he carries with him. Monks will sometimes be aided by a layman who will accept things from women merit-makers on their behalf.
Note that monks are not allowed to accept money, and offering money to a monk is considered a sign of disrespect in most Theravada Buddhist cultures. Therefore, should you wish to donate to a monk, you should only offer food.

The Royal Family

.It's illegal (lese-majeste) to show disrespect to royalty, a crime which carries up to 15 years imprisonment.^ For offenses against children under 15 years of age, the penalty ranges from five to 20 years' imprisonment and a fine of $250 to $1,000 (10,000 to 40,000 baht).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ If firearms or explosives are used, or if it is a gang rape, the penalty increases to 15 to 20 years' imprisonment and a fine of $750 to $1,000 (30,000 to 40,000 baht).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ For offenses against children between 15 and 18 years of age, the potential punishment is three to 15 years of imprisonment and a fine of $150 to $1,000 (6,000 to 40,000 baht).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Do not make any negative remarks, or any remarks which might be perceived as disrespectful about the King or any members of the Royal Family. .Since the King is on the country's currency, don't burn, tear, or mutilate it - especially in the presence of other Thais.^ The King has the prerogative to conclude a peace treaty, armistice and other treaties with other countries or international organisations.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The State shall promote trade, investment and tourism with other countries and shall render protection and guardian to benefits of Thais living abroad.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

If you drop a coin or bill, do not step on it to stop it - this is very rude, since you are stomping on the picture of the King's head that is printed on the coin. Also, anything related to the stories and movies The King and I and Anna and the King is illegal to possess in Thailand. .Almost all Thais, even ones in other countries, feel very strongly when it comes to any version of this story.^ The State shall promote trade, investment and tourism with other countries and shall render protection and guardian to benefits of Thais living abroad.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

They feel that it makes a mockery of their age-old monarchy and is entirely inaccurate. .In 2007, a Swiss man was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment for spraying graffiti on the King's portrait, although he later expressed remorse and was pardoned by His Majesty personally (quote: "It troubles Me when such harsh sentences are passed."^ For offenses against children under 15 years of age, the penalty ranges from five to 20 years' imprisonment and a fine of $250 to $1,000 (10,000 to 40,000 baht).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

) and deported.

Other

The head is considered the holiest part of the body, and the foot the dirtiest part. Never touch or pat a Thai on the head, including children. If you accidentally touch or bump someone's head, apologize immediately or you'll be perceived as very rude. Similarly, do not touch people with your feet, or even point with them. If someone is sitting with outstretched feet, avoid stepping over them, as this is very rude and could even spark a confrontation. Squeeze around them or ask them to move. Even if the person is sleeping, it is best to go around, as others are likely to notice. Take care when you sit in a temple to cross your legs under you "mermaid-style" so your feet do not point at any person or statue. Do not pose alongside a Buddhist statue for a photo and certainly don't clamber on them. It's OK to take photos of a statue, but everyone should be facing it. It is considered impolite and disrespectful to visibly sniff food before eating it, particularly when eating in someone's home (this is true even if the sniffing is done in appreciation). Do not audibly blow your nose in public. Also, as doorway thresholds are considered a sanctuary for spirits, it's important not to step on a raised threshold, but rather to step over it. Keep this in mind especially when visiting temples.
.Physical affection is rarely if ever shown in public — even married Thai men and women do not touch in public.^ In providing public participation under this section, regard shall be had to approximate proportion between women and men.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

However, it is not uncommon for same sex close friends to hold hands as an expression of affection. You may see a Thai woman expressing affection physically in public with a foreign man, but often this means that the Thai woman is a prostitute.
.In Thailand, expression of negative emotions such as anger or sadness is almost never overt, and it is possible to enjoy a vacation in Thailand without ever seeming to see an argument or an unhappy person.^ A person shall enjoy the liberty to assemble peacefully and without arms.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lack of citizenship makes hill tribe persons vulnerable to abuses and exploitation, such as trafficking (see section 5, Trafficking).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Thai people smile constantly, and to outsiders this is seen as happiness or friendliness. In reality, smiling is a very subtle way to communicate, and to those who live in Thailand, a smile can indicate any emotion — from fear, to anger, to sadness, to joy, etc. "Saving face" is a very important aspect of Thai culture and they will try to avoid embarrassment and confrontation.
.In public places (such as large markets) the National Anthem is played over loudspeakers at 8 A.M. and 6 P.M. When this is played, everybody stops what they are doing and stands still, and you should do the same.^ The President of the National Assembly, the President of the House of Representatives and the President of the Senate shall cause the voting of each member to be recorded and disclose such record in a place where the public entry for its inspection is possible, except for the case of the voting by secret ballot.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

The Royal Anthem is played in cinemas before the film, and everyone must stand. It lasts about a minute, then everyone will continue where they left off.

Cope

Bring an open mind and a sense of humour. Don't come with too many preconceived ideas about what Thailand is like, as media and friends’ experiences have a habit of distorting reality.
If you're sticking to major cities and tourist areas, don't worry too much about under-packing; you can get hold of any essentials you've forgotten. Essentials are a swimming costume, a day pack, an umbrella in rainy season and some warm clothes if traveling in October to December, as some areas get cool. .Some sources say there is no point in bringing a raincoat during the warm rainy season because it is so hot and sticky your raincoat will be uncomfortable.^ The government agreed to permit third country resettlement of camp refugees, and there was some resettlement from the camps during the year.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ During the year there were a few arrests and no prosecutions of parents who allowed a child to enter into prostitution.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ During the period of martial law, the military has the authority to conduct searches without a warrant, although there were no reports that this authority was used.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

You will only need a couple of changes of clothes as you can get washing done anywhere cheaply. Sandals for when your hiking shoes are too hot can be bought cheaply in Thailand, although large sizes for women are harder to come by. If female and anything above a size 2, busty, or tall, it is often difficult to find clothes that will fit you in any of the Thai shops. .If you are male and have a waist more than 38" you will have trouble finding pants.^ Prison authorities sometimes used solitary confinement of not more than three months to punish male prisoners who consistently violated prison rules or regulations.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

You will largely be limited to backpacker gear (the omnipresent fisherman pants and "Same Same" t-shirts) or Western imports in Bangkok malls, for the same prices as back home or more. .While laundry is cheap, it is useful to bring a few changes of clothes, as you may sweat your way through several outfits a day in the Thai weather.^ Police sought to change this perception and encouraged women to report sexual crimes through the use of female police officers in metropolitan Bangkok and in three other provinces.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Take enough padlocks for every double zipper to stop wandering hands and lock up your belongings, even in your hotel room. Lock zippers through the lower holes, not the upper ones on the pull tabs — although even this precaution won't help much if you encounter a razor-blade artist.
Take snorkeling gear or buy it on arrival if you plan to spend a lot of your time in the water. Alternatively put up a notice looking for gear from someone who is leaving. A tent for camping if you are a national park buff is a good idea, as is a compass. You might like to bring compact binoculars too if wildlife is your thing. A good map of Thailand is also handy.
Take earplugs for when you're stuck in a noisy room or want to sleep on the bus. Take a mirror for shaving, as often budget places won’t have any. String is very handy for hanging up washing. Cigarette papers can be difficult to find, except in tourist centres. .Climbing shoes for rock climbing are useful as Thailand has some of the best cliffs in South-East Asia.^ STATUS REPORT: Thailand is one the continental South-East Asian countries with an area of 320.7 million rai (51.3 million ha ) and a population of 60 million.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Thailand also participates in UNEP's Regional Seas Programme, Mekong River Development studies and consultations, South East Asia Fisheries Development, Asia Pacific Fisheries Development, and the Marine Fisheries Committee.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

A spare pair of prescription glasses or contact lenses plus a copy of your prescription is a good idea. Bring a book you're prepared to swap. A personal music player is great as a huge range of cheap music is available everywhere.
Into the toiletries bag throw sun screen and insect repellent. Mosquito coils are also a good idea. A small pocket size torch / flashlight will come in handy when the electricity goes out or for investigating caves. Passport photos come in handy for visas.
If you plan to travel long distances by motorbike, purchase a good quality helmet, which you can do in Thailand. Last but not least, pack your stuff in plastic bags to stop them from getting wet, especially when travelling in the rainy season or on boats.
Aside from the above, the following are recommended:
  • Prescriptions for any prescription medications being brought through customs
  • Travel insurance
  • Blood donor/type card
  • Details of your next of kin
  • A second photo ID other than your passport
  • Credit card plus a backup card for a separate account

Contact

Connectivity in Thailand is generally quite good.

Telephone

To place an international call, you can buy a prepaid card (available for 300 baht at many convenience stores and guesthouses) to use with one of the bright yellow Lenso payphones. You should rarely have trouble finding either of these unless you're way out in the countryside. The international access code is 001.
.For mobile phone users, Thailand has three GSM mobile service providers - AIS [33], DTAC [34] and Truemove [35]) - which may be useful if you have (or can afford!^ Thai wisdom for the manufacturing of goods and providing of services and for use in occupation; .
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The government allowed NGOs to provide food, medical services, housing, and other services to Burmese refugees who may have valid refugee claims but who reside outside the camps.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

) a mobile phone that will work on either one or both of the GSM 900 or 1800 frequency bands (consult your phone's technical specifications). If you have one, you can buy a prepaid SIM card for any of the Thai carriers in any convenience store for as little as 50-200 baht and charge it up as you go. .Most mobile providers lock the phone to their own SIM card when you first purchase the service, so if your phone refuses to work with another SIM card, the wizards at Bangkok's MBK shopping mall will be happy to solve this for less than 500 baht.^ Many of these children were forced to turn over their daily earnings to the gang and were paid less than a dollar (34 baht) a day.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Less than 4 percent of the total work force but nearly 11 percent of industrial workers and more than 50 percent of state enterprise workers were unionized.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ ADB, CIDA, DANCED, GTZ, UNDP, UNEP and the World Bank are among the most active providers of sustainable development funding and technical advisory services.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

If you need to buy a mobile phone, you can pick those up at MBK as well, as a huge selection of cheap secondhand mobiles can be found on the 4th floor.
International rates from a Thai carriers are surprisingly good - DTAC, for example, charges 10 baht/minute to call America. .Moreover, you can reduce rates even further - from 1,5 times and up to 5-6x for some countries like Russia - by predialing 009 or 008 instead of + before the international country code.^ Some women were lured into the country with promises of jobs as waitresses or domestic helpers but ended up working as prostitutes.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

For instance, 009 1(xxx)xxx-xxxx for America will give you 5 baht/minute rate, at the expense of slight voice quality decrease (which is often unnoticeable, though).
.Coverage is very good throughout the country, all cities and tourist destinations (including resort islands) are well covered, and even in the countryside it's more likely you'll get the network signal than not.^ The country continued to be a source, transit, and destination for trafficking in women and children for a variety of purposes, including indentured servitude, forced labor, and prostitution.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The Women and Constitution Network, a league of more than 50 women's organizations, advocated legal reforms to address inequities in the treatment of women.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.However, if you plan extended stays in remote non-tourist areas, AIS (their prepaid service name is '1-2-call') is a better choice, at the expense of more pricey local calls than DTAC. But the difference, once very significant, becomes less and less with time, both in call rates and coverage.^ Less than 4 percent of the total work force but nearly 11 percent of industrial workers and more than 50 percent of state enterprise workers were unionized.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ If the National Assembly resolves to reaffirm the bill with the votes of not less than two-thirds of the total number of existing members of both Houses, the Prime Minister shall present such bill to the King for signature once again.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Laws and regulations place offenses for which the maximum penalty is less than three years under the jurisdiction of the district courts, which have different procedures.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.If you plan to visit Thailand at least once a year but not for too long time, consider buying the SIM with minimal validity restrictions (usually one year from the last top up, even if it was 10 baht).^ The official rate of injury from industrial accidents remained relatively constant over the last 10 years at 4.5 percent of the total work force.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ For offenses against children under 15 years of age, the penalty ranges from five to 20 years' imprisonment and a fine of $250 to $1,000 (10,000 to 40,000 baht).
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The National Human Rights Commission Act specifies that at least one-third of the members of the NHRC be women; during the year, five of the 11 commissioners were women.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.By doing this, you can re-use this SIM on the next trips, thus avoiding hassle of buying new one every time, keeping your Thai number the same, as well as saving a bit.^ Any Changwat with more inhabitants than the number of inhabitants per one member shall have an additional member of the House of Representatives for every such number of inhabitants as representing the number of inhabitants per one member; .
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

.For example, DTAC offers Simple SIM plan for that, and before 7-elevens sold this one by default, but now they seem to offer cheaper (but with limited validity) Happy SIM instead.^ A national economic and social development plan and other plans as provided by law shall obtain opinions of the National Economic and Social Council before they can be adopted and published.
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.asianlii.org [Source type: Original source]

Just ask for the former one. Local calls will be a bit more pricey (international are not affected), but usually this is not of much concern for a short time visitor. If you already got Thai SIM and want to switch plan, it is also possible for free or with small charge - consult respective operator's website for details.
For short term visitors, international roaming onto Thailand's GSM networks is possible, subject to agreements between operators.
  • Thailand SIM cards [36] - Pre-paid Thailand nationwide SIM cards for use with your mobile phone.
  • Thai Prepaid Card [37] - Online top up credit for Thai pre-paid SIM cards.
  • GSM World - Thailand [38] - list of networks, coverage maps, and frequency bands
  • CAT Telecom 009 IP Telephony service rates [39] - see how much you'll save on international calls if using 009 instead of +

Internet

.Internet cafés are widespread and most are inexpensive - prices as low as 15 baht/hour are commonplace, and speed and reliability of connection is generally reasonable.^ Official corruption facilitating the most severe forms of trafficking in persons was generally at the low- and mid-levels.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Higher prices prevail in major package-tourist destinations (60 baht/hour is typical, 120 baht/hour is not unusual). Islands with multiple Internet cafés include Ko Phi Phi (Don), Ko Lanta (Yai), Ko Samui, Ko Pha Ngan, Ko Tao, Ko Chang (Trat), Ko Samet (Rayong), Ko Si Chang (Chonburi), and of course Phuket. .Many budget hotels and guesthouses ("mansions") now provide free or inexpensive Internet access by LAN or Wi-Fi, so bring your own laptop computer.^ Internet providers enforced the ban, informing their customers that they had blocked access to the Web site.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.GPRS/EDGE is also an option, especially if you use Internet more than occasionally.^ Prison authorities sometimes used solitary confinement of not more than three months to punish male prisoners who consistently violated prison rules or regulations.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

All three GSM operators offer GPRS service, usually this service is already pre-activated on the prepaid SIM. The price of this pay-as-you-use access is not too cheap, around 0,5-1 baht/minute, that is comparable to Internet cafes. However, for example DTAC Happy (which seems to be most popular option for Internet access, due to clearly published tariffs, as well as widespread EDGE coverage resulting in high speed even outside cities) offers various GPRS packages, both unlimited (daily/weekly/monthly) and including fixed amount of time. .AIS has similar packages, but finding out how to activate them and how to set up your phone/computer is not as straightforward as with DTAC. In either case, these packages can save you a lot - for example, DTAC's 20 hours monthly package costs around 107 baht, that is slightly more than 2 baht/hour, and twelve times cheaper than without a package.^ In addition to the urban Burmese refugees, UNHCR reported that it registered more than 11,000 additional Burmese asylum seekers outside of camp settings.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ On September 20, the coup leaders prohibited gatherings of more than five persons for political purposes.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Many of these children were forced to turn over their daily earnings to the gang and were paid less than a dollar (34 baht) a day.
  • Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Unlimited access is also quite affordable, with around 53 baht daily or slightly above 1000 baht monthly rate. [40].
Keyloggers are all too often installed on the computers in cheap cafes, so be on your guard if using online banking, stock broking or even PayPal. Using cut and paste to enter part of your password may defeat some of them. Or typing part of the user name and password inside the text input field (for password or username) then clicking outside of it someplace in the browser window and typing some characters and then clicking back into the text input field and continuing to type the other part and doing this several times. Otherwise take your own laptop to the Internet cafe.
.If you suddenly and unexpectedly find yourself typing in Thai (or any other alien script) you've probably accidentally hit whatever key-combination the computer you're using has been configured to use for switching between languages (often Ctrl+spacebar).^ The Thai Government has access to technologies that serve to identify the major types of pollution of the marine environment from land-based sources, but these technologies are neither installed nor used.
  • Country Profile - Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

To change back, use the "Text Services and Input Languages" option (a quick-access menu is usually available via a "TH" icon visible on the taskbar - simply switch it to "EN").
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Proper noun

Singular
Thailand
Plural
-
Thailand
.
  1. Country in Southeast Asia.^ With so many countries nearby, Thailand has become a crossroad for Southeast Asia’s migration, culture, and religion.
    • Study Abroad in Thailand with AsiaLearn 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.asialearn.org [Source type: News]

    ^ Moreover, the country’s central location within Southeast Asia makes it ideally suited for multi-destination Asian itineraries...
    • Thailand Travel Manual - Quick Reference Guide 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC www.thailandmanual.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Adroit diplomacy, developed during this time, enabled Siam to remain independent of European colonization, the only country in Southeast Asia able to do so.
    • Thailand News - Breaking World Thailand News - The New York Times 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]
    • Thailand Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Official name: Kingdom of Thailand.^ The country's official name is Kingdom of Thailand and in short, Thailand.
    • Thailand Information 17 September 2009 10:38 UTC sunsite.nus.sg [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Official Name: Kingdom of Thailand Area: 198,114 sq.
    • Travel Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ After a peaceful coup in 1932, Siam's powerful monarchy became constitutional, and in 1939 the country officially adopted the name Thailand.
    • An Introduction to Thailand 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.geographia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Its capital is Bangkok. Former name: Siam.

Related terms

Translations

See also


German

Proper noun

Thailand n.
  1. Thailand

Norwegian

Proper noun

Thailand
  1. Thailand

Related terms


Simple English

Thai redirects here. For the language, see Thai language.
Thailand
ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Racha Anachak Thai
File:Flag of File:Thai Garuda
Official flag Coat of Arms
National information
National motto: None (formally)
National anthem: Phleng Chat
About the people
Official languages: Thai
Population: (# of people)
  - Total: 65,444,371 (ranked 19)
  - Density: 127 per km²
Geography / Places
[[Image:|250px|none|country map]] Here is the country on a map.
Capital city: Bangkok
Largest city: Bangkok
Area
  - Total: 514,000 (ranked 49)
  - Water:n/a km² (0.4%)
Politics / Government
Established: April 7, 1782
Leaders: King: Bhumibol Adulyadej
Prime Minister: Abhisit Vejjajiva
Economy / Money
Currency:
(Name of money)
Baht
International information
Time zone: +7
Telephone dialing code: 66
Internet domain: .th

Thailand, or Kingdom of Thailand is a country in Southeast Asia. Its edges touch Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, and Myanmar. The country's name was Siam until June 24 1939.[1] It was again called Siam between 1945 and May 11 1949, when it changed back to Thailand. The word Thai (ไทย) comes from the ethnic group in the centre of Thailand. The capital city is Bangkok. Thailand is the only country in Southeast Asia that was not ruled by Western countries due to its westernised system of government at that time.

Thailand is a constitutional monarchy. It has a King as a head of state. The present king is Bhumibol Adulyadej. He has been the head of state for longer than other heads of state (kings) today.

Most of the people of Thailand (95%) follow the religion called Buddhism. However, a small number, mostly in the southern part of the country, follow the religion Islam. Other religions in Thailand are Christianity, Hinduism, and Sikhism. Now, some of the Muslims in the south have begun fighting the government of Thailand, because they want to be more independent (free of the control of another country).

Contents

History

Many people believe that the first Thai state was the Buddhist kingdom named Sukhothai founded in 1238. Sukhothai achieved independence from the kingdom of Cambodia. A century later, a bigger Thai kingdom named Ayuthaya appeared in the South of Sukhothai. Later Sukhothai became a part of Ayuthaya. Ayuthaya existed for more than 400 years before its fall by the attack of a Burmese kingdom. A Thai soldier of Chinese origin then founded a new capital city at Thonburi, and became King Taksin. Thonburi was the capital for a short period. The current era, Rattanakosin, started on the foundation of Bangkok as the capital city by King Rama I of Chakri Dynasty.

Before 1932, Thailand was an absolute monarchy, meaning the King had total power in the country. On June 24, 1932, a group of people staged a coup and changed Thailand to a constitutional monarchy. It was not until 1973 that Thai people vote for a Prime Minister in an election. There were coups both before and after this year.

On September 19, 2006, the army staged another coup d'état and took control from Thaksin Shinawatra's government.

Provinces

Thailand is divided into 75 provinces (จังหวัด, changwat) , which made up 5 groups of provinces. There are also 2 special governed districts: the capital Bangkok (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon) and Pattaya. The 75 provinces are as follows:

File:Thailand
Thailand provinces
File:Thailand map
Map of Thailand

Central

  1. Ang Thong
  2. Bangkok (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon), Special Governed District of
  3. Chai Nat
  4. Kanchanaburi
  5. Lopburi
  6. Nakhon Nayok
  7. Nakhon Pathom
  8. Nonthaburi
  9. Pathum Thani
  10. Phetchaburi
  11. Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
  12. Prachuap Khiri Khan
  13. Ratchaburi
  14. Samut Prakan
  15. Samut Sakhon
  16. Samut Songkhram
  17. Saraburi
  18. Sing Buri
  19. Suphan Buri

East

  1. Chachoengsao
  2. Chanthaburi
  3. Chonburi
  4. Prachinburi
  5. Rayong
  6. Sa Kaeo
  7. Trat

North

  1. Chiang Mai
  2. Chiang Rai
  3. Kamphaeng Phet
  4. Lampang
  5. Lamphun
  6. Mae Hong Son
  7. Nakhon Sawan
  8. Nan
  9. Phayao
  10. Phetchabun
  11. Phichit
  12. Phitsanulok
  13. Phrae
  14. Sukhothai
  15. Tak
  16. Uthai Thani
  17. Uttaradit

[[File:|right|thumb|222px|upright|Wat Phra Sing, Chiang Mai Province ]]

Northeast (Isan)

  1. Amnat Charoen
  2. Buri Ram
  3. Chaiyaphum
  4. Kalasin
  5. Khon Kaen
  6. Loei
  7. Maha Sarakham
  8. Mukdahan
  9. Nakhon Phanom
  10. Nakhon Ratchasima
  11. Nong Bua Lamphu
  12. Nong Khai
  13. Roi Et
  14. Sakon Nakhon
  15. Si Sa Ket
  16. Surin
  17. Ubon Ratchathani [[File:|thumb|222px|upright|right|Phra Borommathat Nakhon Si Thammarat Thailand ]]
  18. Udon Thani
  19. Yasothon

South

  1. Chumphon
  2. Krabi
  3. Nakhon Si Thammarat
  4. Narathiwat
  5. Pattani
  6. Phang Nga
  7. Phatthalung
  8. Phuket
  9. Ranong
  10. Satun
  11. Songkhla
  12. Surat Thani
  13. Trang
  14. Yala

NOTE: In italics [1], that province represents the Greater Bangkok sub-region; in italics [2], that province represents the West sub-region.

See also: List of cities in Thailand.

References

Footnotes

Further reading

Other websites