Thameslink: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thameslink

A First Capital Connect class 319 at Kentish Town.
Overview
Type Commuter rail, Suburban rail
System National Rail
Status Operational
Locale East of England
Greater London
South East England
Termini Bedford
Brighton/Sutton
Stations 50
Services 5
Operation
Opened 1988
Owner Network Rail
Operator(s) First Capital Connect
Depot(s) Selhurst
Rolling stock British Rail Class 319
British Rail Class 377
Technical
No. of tracks 2-4
Track gauge Standard gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Electrification 25 kV 50hz AC
750 V Direct Current third rail
Operating speed 100 mph (160 km/h) maximum

Thameslink is a fifty-station main-line route in the British railway system running 225 km (140 mi) north to south through London from Bedford to Brighton which reopened in 1988 offering a well-used commuter route and serving both London Gatwick Airport and London Luton Airport. By late 1998 it was carrying more than 28,000 passengers during morning peak times and was severely overcrowded. The Thameslink programme is a major £5.5b scheme to extend the service to a further 100 stations and to greatly increase capacity on the central London section to accommodate more frequent and longer trains. Major parts of this new scheme will be in place by the 2012 Olympics. Thameslink services will be complemented by Crossrail which will offer east to west mainline services across London.

Contents

Route

Trains operating the "main line" service (Bedford to Brighton) include first-class accommodation. Those serving the "suburban loop" are generally standard-class-only. The previous franchisee designated these services as "Thameslink CityFlier" and "Thameslink Metro" respectively, but the present operator has dropped this branding.

Most of the route is over the Brighton Main Line and the southern part of the Midland Main Line. There is also a suburban loop through Sutton and Wimbledon.

Though Central London the routing is St Pancras International for connections to Eurostar and the East Midlands; Farringdon, which links into the London Underground’s Circle, Metropolitan and Hammersmith & City lines; City Thameslink which replaced the demolished Holborn Viaduct but also has a southern entrance serving Ludgate Circus; Blackfriars, which links to a number of other rail services and the District and Circle lines on the Underground; and London Bridge, which also links to a number of other lines. King's Cross Thameslink on Pentonville Road closed on 8 December 2007.

Similarities to the tube

Thameslink is often compared to many tube lines, particularloy the Sub surface lines like the Metropolitan line and the East London line. The line also has tube like frequencies. The line also appeared on the tube for a number of years from the mid 1980s to the early 2000s

Services

  Thameslink
Legend
 
Continuation backward
 Midland Main Line to Leeds
 
Station on track
 Bedford
 
Enter and exit tunnel
 Ampthill Tunnel (715 yards)
 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 Ampthill
 
Stop on track
 Flitwick
 
Stop on track
 Harlington
 
Stop on track
 Leagrave
 
Station on track
 Luton
 
Stop on track
 Luton Airport Parkway Airport interchange
 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 Chiltern Green
 
Stop on track
 Harpenden
 
Station on track
 St Albans City
 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 Napsbury
 
Unknown route-map component "AKRZ-UKo"
 M25 motorway
 
Stop on track
 Radlett
 
Stop on track
 Elstree & Borehamwood
 
Enter and exit tunnel
 Elstree Tunnel (1072 yards)
 
Unknown route-map component "AKRZ-UKu"
 M1 motorway
 
Stop on track
 Mill Hill Broadway
 
Stop on track
 Hendon
 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 Welsh Harp
 
Stop on track
 Cricklewood
 
Interchange on track
 West Hampstead Thameslink London Underground London Overground
 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 Finchley Road
 
Enter and exit tunnel
 Belsize Tunnel (1771 yards)
 
Enter and exit tunnel
 Lismore Circus Tunnel (88 yards)
 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 Haverstock Hill
 
Interchange on track
 Kentish Town London Underground
 
Enter and exit tunnel
 Camden Road Tunnel (308 yards)
 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 Camden Road (Midland)
 
Track turning from left Junction to right
 Midland Main Line
 
Junction from left Unknown route-map component "KRZu" Continuation to left
 North London Line/ECML/HS1
 
Straight track Enter tunnel
 
St Pancras International London Underground 
Right side end station of cross-platform interchange
Unknown route-map component "tINTCPICr" + Interchange
 Kings Cross Tunnel (1704 yards)
 
Exit tunnel
 
King’s Cross Thameslink 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 (closed December 2007)
 
Enter and exit tunnel
 Clerkenwell Tunnels 1, 2 & 3
 
Interchange on track
 Farringdon London Underground
 
Unknown route-map component "eABZlf" Unknown route-map component "exSTRq" Unknown route-map component "exSTRlg"
 
 
Enter tunnel Unknown route-map component "exTUNNELa"
 
Snow Hill Tunnel (770 yards) 
Unknown route-map component "teABZrg" Unknown route-map component "extSTRq" Unknown route-map component "texABZlg"
 Smithfield Tunnel (292 yards)
Snow Hill 
Unknown route-map component "etHST" Unknown route-map component "exTUNNELe"
 
City Thameslink 
Unknown route-map component "tHST" Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 Barbican (Closed March 2009) London Underground
 
Exit tunnel Unknown route-map component "exTUNNELa"
 
Holborn Viaduct (closed 1990) 
Unknown route-map component "eABZrg" Unknown route-map component "exKBHFr" Unknown route-map component "extSTR"
 Barbican Tunnel (690 yards)
Ludgate Hill 
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Unknown route-map component "exTUNNELe"
 
Blackfriars London Underground London River Services 
Interchange on track Unknown route-map component "extKBHFe"
 Moorgate (Closed March 2009) London Underground
Blackfriars Railway Bridge 
Bridge over water
 River Thames
Blackfriars Bridge 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 
 
Track turning from left Unknown route-map component "ABZrl" Track turning from right
 
Borough Road 
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Straight track
 
Elephant & Castle London Underground 
Interchange on track Interchange on track
 London Bridge London Underground London River Services
Walworth Road 
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Straight track
 
Camberwell 
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Straight track
 
Loughborough Junction 
Stop on track Straight track
 
Herne Hill 
Stop on track Straight track
 
Tulse Hill 
Stop on track Straight track
 
 
Junction to left Transverse track Junction from right
 
Leigham Tunnel (302 yards) 
Enter and exit tunnel Straight track
 
Streatham Tunnel (220 yards) 
Enter and exit tunnel Straight track
 
Streatham 
Stop on track Straight track
 
 
Junction to left Transverse track Junction from right
 
 
Track turning from left Unknown route-map component "ABZrl" Track turning from right Straight track
 
Tooting 
Stop on track Stop on track Straight track
 Mitcham Eastfields
Tooting Junction 
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Straight track Straight track
 
Haydons Road 
Stop on track Interchange on track Straight track
 Mitcham Junction Tramlink
Wimbledon London Underground Tramlink 
Interchange on track Stop on track Straight track
 Hackbridge
Wimbledon Chase 
Stop on track Stop on track Straight track
 Carshalton
South Merton 
Stop on track Stop on track Straight track
 Sutton
Morden South 
Stop on track Stop on track Straight track
 West Sutton
St. Helier 
Stop on track Stop on track Straight track
 Sutton Common
 
Track turning left Transverse track Track turning right Interchange on track
 East Croydon Tramlink
 
Enter and exit tunnel
 Merstham tunnels (2013, 2113 yards)
 
Unknown route-map component "AKRZ-UKo"
 M25 motorway
 
Station on track
 Redhill
 
Stop on track
 Gatwick Airport Airport interchange
 
Stop on track
 Three Bridges
 
Enter and exit tunnel
 Balcombe tunnel (1168 yards)
 
Stop on track
 Balcombe
 
Stop on track
 Haywards Heath
 
Enter and exit tunnel
 Haywards Heath Tunnel (249 yards)
 
Stop on track
 Wivelsfield
 
Stop on track
 Burgess Hill
 
Stop on track
 Hassocks
 
Enter and exit tunnel
 Clayton Tunnel (2259 yards)
 
Enter and exit tunnel
 Patcham Tunnel (488 yards)
 
Stop on track
 Preston Park
 
End station
 Brighton

Recently the route has restored its South Eastern branch to Orpington and Sevenoaks, the majority of fast trains running from Brighton via London Bridge and Beckenham Junction or Orpington via Herne Hill and Elephant & Castle. They call at all stations to St Pancras then run fast to St Albans or semi fast to Hendon if terminating at St Albans. All fast trains terminate at Bedford. Slow trains Start either at Wimbledon or Sutton and call at all stations to Luton whilst trains from Sevenoaks call at all stations via the Catford branch and terminate at Kentish Town. In addition there are Express trains from Rochester and Ashford International and they teminate at West Hampstead Thameslink.

Brighton to Bedford (fast from Kentish Town to St Albans) 6tph (Trains from the Brighton end also run fast from East Croydon to London Bridge however the stations in between are operated by Southern Trains

Orpington or Beckenham Junction to Bedford (fast) 2tph in addition to four tph from Orpington to London Victoria operated by Southeastern trains

Wimbledon or Sutton to St Albans or Luton (slow) 4tph

Sevenoaks to Kentish Town (slow) 2tph

Rochester to West Hampstead (expresss) 2tph*

Ashford International to West Hampstead (express) 2tph*

  • Peak Hour only

History

Passenger services operated across London from mid-Victorian times until World War 1 from when services terminated at Moorgate from the Midland line to the north, and at Holborn Viaduct for SE&C trains from the south at a time when most of the inner cross-London traffic had been lost to buses and trams. There were separate lower level platforms under the main part of Holborn Viaduct station known as the Snow Hill platforms, and these can still be seen today when leaving City Thameslink station travelling northwards.

The route remained operational for cross-London freight trains until 1970, just lasting into the diesel era, when the short section between Farringdon and Holborn Viaduct was closed.

Overhead electrification, which was completed in 1982, allowed the northern section to run as the Midland City Line service from Bedford via the Midland Main Line to London St Pancras. and via the City Widened Lines to Moorgate.[1] From the south, services terminated at Holborn Viaduct.

The Snow Hill tunnel was re-opened to passenger trains after 72 years allowing mainline passenger services to begin on the full Thameslink network in May 1988.[2] City Thameslink was called St. Paul's Thameslink when it opened on 29 May 1990. It was renamed in 1991 to avoid confusion with St. Paul's station on the London Underground (Central Line), which is about 500 m (550 yd) away on the opposite side of St Paul's Cathedral

King's Cross Thameslink on Pentonville Road closed on 8 December 2007 when services were transferred to the nearby and newly renovated St Pancras railway station.

In the south there are two branches. The main line runs through London Bridge to East Croydon, then to Brighton. A second branch has a more convoluted history. To begin with, trains went via Bromley to Orpington and Sevenoaks also via Herne Hill & Est Croydon to Purley (off peak only). Some time after that, the non-Brighton trains ran via Elephant & Castle and Streatham to West Croydon. Although this route, still used by other train services, comes close to the "main line", it never relinks with it. After West Croydon the line ran through Carshalton Beeches to Sutton then to Epsom, Leatherhead, and Effingham Junction, finally terminating at Guildford.

Upon the privatisation of British Rail the operation of Thameslink services was franchised to a subsidiary of Govia, the train operating company Thameslink.

Around 1994 the second branch was cut back to West Croydon as this route crossed the commuter networks of what were to become several different rail companies and the onset of rail privatisation made the route increasingly difficult to maintain.

Then around 1995 a major overhaul occurred when the route was changed completely. Thameslink no longer served the West Croydon route and instead a new route to Sutton was opened up over existing track through Mitcham Junction with the line then continuing on a loop up to Wimbledon and then rejoining itself south of Streatham. It should be noted, however, that morning peak trains only run in a clockwise direction around this loop, which is a major source of inconvenience for commuters in this area.

By late 1998, more than 28,000 passengers were carried at morning peak times.[3]

From 1 April 2006 it was taken over by First Capital Connect along with other services previously operated by WAGN.[4] The branding of most trains, stations, and signs has been changed to match the name of the new company, but City Thameslink and West Hampstead Thameslink stations keep the word Thameslink in their names as it refers to the route itself.[5] After criticism of the loss of the apt name for this group of routes, First Capital Connect's publicity now calls this set of services its "Thameslink route" to distinguish it from the former WAGN services which the company also operates.

The Moorgate Branch closed permanently in March 2009 when major work on the Thameslink programme started along with various other changes.[6]

Thameslink Programme (Thameslink 2000)

Following the success of the original scheme plans were drawn up by successive railway authorities to upgrade the Thameslink network to cope with increasing passenger numbers which in recent years have led to severe peak overcrowding.[7] Network Rail obtained planning permission and legal powers in 2006,[8] funding was secured in July 2007[9] and construction began in October 2007.[10] Much of the work due for completion by the end of 2011 with further work programmed for the period from 2012-2015.[11]

Rolling stock

The Thameslink rolling stock is mainly the entire fleet of 86 Class 319 trains built by BREL between 1987-88 and 1990. These are electrically powered dual-voltage four-car units rated to carry 289, 308 or 319 passengers. They use 25 kV AC overhead power north of Farringdon and 750 V DC third rail to the south. Four Class 319 trains had been transferred from Southern in December 2008 and the last four followed in March 2009, from which point all 86 Class 319 trains were available for use on Thameslink.

First Capital Connect acquired 23 new-build four-coach Class 377 trains during 2009, on sublease from Southern to be used on the Thameslink route for additional capacity and also to allow some of the Class 319 trains to be released for use on the Catford Loop service to Sevenoaks which is jointly operated with Southeastern under Key Output 0 of the Thameslink Programme.[12]

Class 317 units built in the early 1980s were still in use when services into Moorgate (25 kV AC) ceased in March 2009 under the Thameslink Programme. The last timetabled service, consisting of a single Class 317 unit operating the 18:19 service from Farringdon to Bedford on weekdays only, ended on 9 October 2009.

New energy-efficient trains will provide an additional 14,500 seats on the Thameslink route and will be delivered from 2012 to 2015.[13]

In July 2009, the Department for Transport announced that depots for the new rolling stock would be built at Hornsey and Three Bridges.

See also

  • Crossrail: a similar east–west national rail style line through central London, currently under construction

Footnotes and References

  1. ^ This service was colloquially known as the Bedpan Line from the contracted names of the terminal stations, as had happened with the Bakerloo line. In general, limited-stop trains served St Pancras, and all-station services terminated at Moorgate.
  2. ^ "Station Name: Snow Hill/Holborn Viaduct Low Level". Disused Stations News. Subterranea Britannica. 8 December 2007. http://nds.coi.gov.uk/environment/fullDetail.asp?ReleaseID=181549&NewsAreaID=2&NavigatedFromDepartment=False. Retrieved 17 June 2008. 
  3. ^ Strategic Rail Authority (29 March 1999). "Sustained Passenger Growth in London". Press release. http://nds.coi.gov.uk/environment/fullDetail.asp?ReleaseID=181549&NewsAreaID=2&NavigatedFromDepartment=False. Retrieved 17 June 2008. 
  4. ^ Central Office of Information News Distribution Service (13 December 2005). "Department of Transport announces winner of Thameslink/GN franchise". Press release. http://nds.coi.gov.uk/environment/fullDetail.asp?ReleaseID=181549&NewsAreaID=2&NavigatedFromDepartment=False. Retrieved 17 June 2008. 
  5. ^ King’s Cross Thameslink also kept the Thameslink suffix until it closed on 8 December 2007.
  6. ^ "Thameslink Key Output Zero - Blackfriars Terminus Platforms Closure". http://www.southernelectric.org.uk/tocnews/tlko0blackfriars01.html. 
  7. ^ Network Rail. "Thameslink Programme". http://www.networkrail.co.uk/aspx/1326.aspx. Retrieved 18 October 2006. 
  8. ^ Network Rail (18 October 2006). "The £3.5bn Thameslink Project clears major hurdle". http://www.networkrailmediacentre.co.uk/Content/Detail.asp?ReleaseID=2408&NewsAreaID=2&SearchCategoryID=2. Retrieved 18 October 2006. 
  9. ^ Coward, Andy (15-28 August 2007). "Cross-river rail to boost Capital". Rail 572: 40–3. 
  10. ^ "Work begins on Thameslink project". BBC News (bbc.co.uk). 24 October 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/7059432.stm. Retrieved 24 October 2007. 
  11. ^ "Meet the Directors". First Capital Connect. http://www.firstcapitalconnect.co.uk/Main.php?iCmsPageId=233&sMethod=ViewArchive&iForumId=7&iSectionId=18. Retrieved 2009-12-30. 
  12. ^ They will also run the peak hour Bedford to Ashford/Medway town trains as 8 car trains. The first of the new class 377/5 trains started running on the Thameslink route on 24 March 2009. "Do we really have to wait until 2012 and 2015 for some relief to the overcrowding?". First Capital Connect (thameslinkprogramme.co.uk). 20 October 2008. http://www.thameslinkprogramme.co.uk/index.php/faqs/faqs_categories/public_index#question_29. Retrieved 28 October 2008. 
  13. ^ "Thameslink gets 14,500 more seats". BBC News (bbc.co.uk). 9 April 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/7338401.stm. Retrieved 1 June 2008. "The deal, announced by Transport Secretary Ruth Kelly, will mean the current 720-carriage Thameslink fleet increasing by 380 carriages. A contract for the new carriages is expected to be awarded in summer 2009, with the first train in service by 2012." 

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message