The Full Wiki

Thanaka: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Market children with thanaka in Mandalay

Thanaka (Burmese: သနပ်ခါး; MLCTS: sa. nap hka:; pronounced [θənəkʰá]) is a yellowish-white cosmetic paste made from ground bark. It is a distinctive feature of Myanmar (formerly Burma) seen commonly applied to the face and sometimes the arms of women and girls and to a lesser extent men and boys.[1][2][3] The use of thanaka has also spread to neighboring countries including Thailand.[2][3][4]

Contents

Source and preparation

Thanaka wood (Murraya exotica) for sale
Kyauk pyin stone slabs for grinding thanaka at a pagoda market in Sagaing

The wood of several trees may be used to produce thanaka cream; these trees grow abundantly in central Myanmar. They include principally Murraya spp. (thanaka) [2] but also Limonia acidissima (theethee or wood apple).[5] The two most popular are Shwebo thanaka from Sagaing Division and Shinmadaung thanaka from Magwe Division. A more recent contender sold as a paste is Taunggyi Maukme thanaka from southern Shan State. Thanaka trees are perennials, and a tree must be at least 35 years old before it is considered mature enough to yield good-quality cuttings. Thanaka in its natural state is sold as small logs individually or in bundles, but nowadays also available as a paste or in powder form.

Thanaka cream is made by grinding the bark, wood, or roots[2] of a thanaka tree with a small amount water[5] on a circular stone slab called kyauk pyin[4] which has a channel round the rim for the water to drain into.

Application, style and properties

Thanaka cream has been used by Burmese women for over 2000 years.[4] It has a fragrant scent somewhat similar to sandalwood.[2][6]The creamy paste is applied to the face in attractive designs, the most common form being a circular patch on each cheek, sometimes made stripey with the fingers known as thanaka bè gya, or patterned in the shape of a leaf, often also highlighting the bridge of the nose with it at the same time.[4] It may be applied from head to toe (thanaka chi zoun gaung zoun). Apart from cosmetic beauty, thanaka also gives a cooling sensation and provides protection from sunburn.[1] It is believed to help remove acne and promote smooth skin.[4] It is also an anti-fungal.[2]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Streissguth, Thomas (2007). Myanmar in Pictures. Twenty-First Century ISBN 0822571463. pp. 44, 73. http://books.google.com/books?id=htrJvrCw0Y0C&pg=PT74&sig=vooz7_CX62b4gXqqq0R_wGqg_l8. Retrieved 2008-01-21.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f Mabberley, D J (1997). The Plant-Book: A Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants. Cambridge University Press ISBN 0521414210. pp. 470. http://books.google.com/books?id=ZVdoUPtqKCIC&pg=PA470&sig=-8UF8wyqr1cgqTVH9NYa-9jOU7c. Retrieved 2008-01-21.  
  3. ^ a b Kemp, Charles & Lance Andrew Rasbridge (2004). Refugee and Immigrant Health: A Handbook for Health Professionals. Cambridge University Press ISBN 0521535603. pp. 98. http://books.google.com/books?id=aK_qFjU60DoC&pg=PA98&sig=I8OW4MIIzLXs44m1h-MLWtdxWxA. Retrieved 2008-01-21.  
  4. ^ a b c d e Moe, J. "Thanaka withstands the tests of time". Mizzima News, 17 September, 2008. http://www.mizzima.com/news/regional/1053-thanaka-withstands-the-tests-of-time.html. Retrieved 2008-12-06.  
  5. ^ a b Köllner, Helmut & Axel Bruns (1998). Myanmar (Burma). Hunter Publishing ISBN 3886184153. pp. 18. http://books.google.com/books?id=y42DMkS3ZXUC&pg=PA18&sig=l3ITfdkn7kHn2COMm08PqzO3PDk. Retrieved 2008-01-21.  
  6. ^ Baker, William & Ira Bruce Nadel (2004). Redefining the Modern. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press ISBN 0838640133. pp. 24. http://books.google.com/books?id=Q45NWW-7pQkC&pg=PA24&sig=tXRO_Hrq-DHIBWzr1LC7w5iKM9Q. Retrieved 2008-01-21.  

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message