Thanet: Wikis

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Thanet District
Thanet
Shown within Kent
Geography
Status: District
Region: South East England
Admin. County: Kent
Area:
- Total
Ranked 217th
103.30 km²
Admin. HQ: Margate
ONS code: 29UN

Area Code 01843

Demographics
Population:
- Total (2008 est.)
- Density
Ranked 157th
129,900
1257 / km²
Ethnicity[1]: 95.4% White
1.5% S.Asian
1.1% Black
1.1% Mixed Race
Politics
Thanet District Council
http://www.thanet.gov.uk/
Leadership: Leader & Cabinet
Executive: Conservative
MPs: Roger Gale, Stephen Ladyman

Thanet is a local government district of Kent, England[2] which was formed under the Local Government Act 1972, and came into being on 1 April 1974. The Isle of Thanet makes up the major part of the District.

The district, which is governed by Thanet District Council, is located on the north eastern tip of Kent, and is predominantly coastal, with north, east and southeast facing coastlines. It is bordered by the City of Canterbury district to the west, and the Dover district to the south. The main towns in the district are Margate, Ramsgate and Broadstairs.

Contents

History

The Isle of Thanet is the major part of the Thanet District. Formed over 7000 years ago and separated from the mainland by the Wantsum Channel, it has always borne the brunt of invasions from the Continent. A Thanet Rural District had existed from the Local Government Act 1894 until it was abolished in 1935 to form part of Eastry Rural District. The current District was formed in 1974, by the addition of the area over which was once the Wantsum Channel, including the settlement of Sarre.

Governance

The current District is held by a Conservative majority, who hold 33 seats, compared to the 19 seats held by Labour, who are the second party.[3]

There are two MPs for Thanet:

The names of the civil parishes located in the district are:

Broadstairs and St Peter's are served jointly by a town council, which nonetheless has no more than the powers of a Parish Council.[4]

The towns of Margate and Ramsgate are unparished areas: they both have charters, having been municipal boroughs before 1974. A Parish Review being carried out by the District Council is considering whether Ramsgate should have a parish council. At present the town is represented by councillors serving seven wards.[5]

Demography

In 2005 the estimated population of the District stood at 128,100.[6]

Economy

The whole district suffers from seasonal unemployment, in spite of its proximity to London, because of various factors, among them being inward migration; high numbers of old people; and low numbers of affluent people. It is not helped by poor overall indicators for Health.[7] Unemployment levels are nearly twice the South East of England as a whole, and as a result a great deal of planning is being done to encourage more businesses to relocate to the District.[8] The Thanet & East Kent Chamber produces a weekly business digest, the Thanet & East Kent Insider, which reports on economic activity in the private and public sectors.

New Projcts underway include: A new community centre for Broadstairs. Redevelopment and renovations are to be undertaken at Margate's Dreamland (a Heritage Amusement Park); Cliftonville (Lido site); and a Holiday Inn (hotel) now open .A large retail and residential development on Ramsgate seafront is under construction as well as a multi million pound art gallery in Margate and massive investment and building works taking place in schools across the island.

In addition, the District Council has introduced an empty property initiative and has compulsory purchased empty and derelict buildings with the objective of bringing them back into use.

The Thanet Offshore Wind Project, near North Foreland, should be completed by 2009 . The project is expected to have a total capacity of up to 300 MW which, on average, is sufficient to supply approximately 240,000 homes per year with green energy. The project will thus make a significant contribution to the Government’s national and regional renewable energy targets. Thanet Earth is the largest greenhouse development in the UK covering an area of 91 hectares with 7 greenhouses each the size of 10 football pitches producing cucumbers tomatoes and peppers all year .[9]

Margate, Ramsgate and Broadstairs each have shopping centres with a mix of local and national retailers complemented by Northdown Road, Cliftonville, Westgate and Birchington. Westwood at the centre of Thanet has seen much major development in recent years with the building of Westwood Cross shopping centre which is the home of national retailers and several restaurant chains including a Travelodge hotel. Associated development has taken place around the shopping centre spawning other retail parks.

Transport

The rail connections are via the Chatham Main Line through Margate to Ramsgate, and the Ashford to Ramsgate (via Canterbury West) line. New high speed rail links from London to Thanet began in December 2009,and it is now possible to travel from Margate to St Pancras at an average speed of 60 miles per hour. This will form part of the UK's first true high-speed commuter service, according to the South Eastern Railway Company.[10] Main road links are the A28 which brings traffic from Canterbury and Ashford; and the A299, north coast route. The Saxon Shore Way Long distance footpath skirts the coast.

There is an airport at Manston,[11] formerly RAF Manston, but since renamed by its commercial operators as Kent International Airport. Because it was used as an U.S. airbase during the second world war, it has one of the longest runways in the UK, and is designated by the United Nations as an emergency landing site for aircraft in trouble.[citation needed]

Ferry services (predominantly freight and car with passengers) are operated by Transeuropa ferries to the Continent from Port Ramsgate.[12]

Health

Thanet has a large hospital: the Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, known as the QEQM.[13] Extension work which started in 2007 is still ongoing, as of 2010.

Thanet has a high teen pregnancy rate.[citation needed]

Overall indicators of health are poor for Thanet.[14]

  • Life expectancy is increasing but on average is less than for England
  • Teenage pregnancies are high compared to the England average
  • Estimated smoking rates are high as are death rates from smoking
  • Early deaths from cancer are higher than the England average
  • Healthy eating, physical activity, and adult obseity are similar to the national average
  • Binge drinking is below the national average
  • Higher than average number of people admitted to hospital for alcohol-specific conditions
  • Higher than average rate of diabetes
  • Higher than average rate of mental health problems

Media

Local newspapers are the Thanet Extra, part of the KM Group; Isle of Thanet Gazette and Thanet Times,[Merged with Adscene October 2009] all owned by Trinity Mirror; and the midweek Your Thanet published by KOS Media. The county wide newspapers Kent on Saturday and Kent on Sunday also serve the district.

Local radio stations are KMFM Thanet 107.2FM (previously known as Thanet Local Radio) owned by the KM Group, the county-wide Heart Kent 95.9FM, and BBC Radio Kent. National TV stations carry regional news: ITV1 service is provided currently by Meridian Broadcasting; and the BBC South East Today. Academy FM launches soon on 107.8FM and will provide a non commercial 24 hour community service to Thanet from Thanet.

Education

Thanet College is a major provider of further education in East Kent and a Training Provider that works with local businesses to raise the level of education across the region.

Notable people from Thanet

The fact of Thanet's long-held tourist attraction has led many people from all walks of life to have had some connection with the District, over the past two hundred years.

Climate

Thanet enjoys a Maritime climate being surrounded on 3 sides by sea, which generally results in mild winters and warm dry summers.

References

  1. ^ "People and Society: Population and Migration > Resident Population Estimates by Ethnic Group (Percentages) > Area: Thanet (Local Authority)", UK Office for National Statistics
  2. ^ Thanet District website
  3. ^ "2007 Election Results". Thanet District Council. http://www.thanet.gov.uk/news/latest_press_releases/election_results_04-05-07.aspx. Retrieved 2007-06-29. 
  4. ^ Broad stairs and St Peter's Town Council website
  5. ^ Should Ramsgate have a Parish Council?
  6. ^ Introduction to Thanet: includes demographic notes
  7. ^ Association of Public Health Observatories - Health Profiles APHO Health Profiles
  8. ^ Thanet District Corporate Plan 2007
  9. ^ Thanet Earth Project
  10. ^ Southeastern 2009 - your journey starts here: Home
  11. ^ Kent International Airport
  12. ^ "TransEuropa Ferries". http://www.transeuropaferries.co.uk/. Retrieved 2007-06-29. 
  13. ^ QEQM
  14. ^ [1]

External links

Coordinates: 51°22′08″N 1°25′08″E / 51.36889°N 1.41889°E / 51.36889; 1.41889

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