From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Brethren is one of several informal names
for a nameless religious movement created by Jimmy T. "Jim"
Roberts. Other names include the Brothers and
Sisters and the garbage eaters, after
their reputation for eating food from garbage bins. The
movements' members shun material things and family, living
essentially as vagrants and doing odd jobs to pay their
expenses. The movement's way of life has led to accusations that it
is a cult.
The Roberts group should not be confused with various other groups that
have the word "brethren" in their names, nor with the freegan
Roberts, a former Pentecostalist,
created the movement around 1971, drawing together followers of the
Jesus Movement across the United States. At
first they adopted a communal lifestyle. After several police
raids and arrests in the 1970s, Roberts ordered members to keep
their locations secret and not to communicate with their families.
The members still fear being arrested or kidnapped at the request of distraught
families, with instances reported as recently as 1998.
The movement directs new members to sell their possessions as
counseled by Jesus in the Gospels.
The finances generated (if any) were distributed to those in the
group who had need. For instance, money was used for material to
sew clothing, traveling expenses, and sometimes spices for cooking.
In some cases it was given to older members but in other cases it
was kept by the individual to do what they would with it. The
Brethren also maintain that there is no actual sacrament of the Eucharist, but that the
bread and wine should be understood as only a metaphor for
fellowship. They believe in wearing long beards, and in their women
wearing long dresses and long hair (for modesty). They essentially
disallow marriages among single group members, maintaining that
"the hour is too late."
- Martin Dugger, Rachel (1979).
Escape. Accent Books.
- Coleman, Cornelius (1998-09-03). "Member: Life joyless before
joining". Denver Post. http://www.rickross.com/reference/brethren/brethren1.html.
- Dolbee, Sandi (1997-11-13). "Brothers and Sisters use the
Bible to their advantage". San Diego
- Staff writer (2006-02-10). "Father receives letter from
missing daughter". Lawrence Journal-World. http://www2.ljworld.com/news/2006/feb/10/father_receives_letter_missing_daughter/.
- Gao, Helen (2000-12-27). "Missing Son Seeking God".
Ventura County Star. http://www.rickross.com/reference/brethren/brethren6.html.
- Kondo, Emmy (1998-03-25). "The Clandestine
Brotherhood". ABCNEWS.com. Archived from the original on
- Lavelle, Phillip J.; Sandi Dolbee
(1997-11-10). "In the shadows". San
Diego Union-Tribune. http://www.rickross.com/reference/brethren/brethren2.html.
- Lopez, Rebecca (2000-11-28). "Cult Targets College
Students". WFAA.com (WFAA-TV). Archived from the original on
- Raney, Dave (2006-02-08). "Family believes cult lured
daughter". Lawrence Journal-World. http://www2.ljworld.com/news/2006/feb/08/family_believes_cult_lured_daughter/?city_local.
- Richards, Deanna (2006-02-07). "Missing daughter believed to
be with cult". 6 News Lawrence. http://www.6newslawrence.com/news/2006/feb/07/missing_daughter_believed_be_cult/.
- Robeson, Michael (2001-09-07). "Time spent with the Brethren
brings self-reflection and many questions". Rocky Mountain
- Sanzaro, Francis (2001-09-05). "Controversy surrounds The
Brethren". Rocky Mountain Collegian. http://media.www.collegian.com/media/storage/paper864/news/2001/09/05/UndefinedSection/Controversy.Surrounds.The.Brethren-1697853.shtml.
- Sawyer, Diane (1998-03-25). "The Brethren".
Primetime (ABC). http://www.rickross.com/reference/brethren/brethren4.html.
- Sheill, Bill (1998-05-11). "Held Captive By A Cult".
- Sheill, Bill (1998-05-11). "Kidnapped From A Cult".
- Sheill, Bill (1998-05-11). "Cult Con Men".
- Sherry, Allison (1998-09-98). "Students warned about
cults". Rocky Mountain Collegian. http://media.www.collegian.com/media/storage/paper864/news/1998/09/08/UndefinedSection/Students.Warned.About.Cults-1692844.shtml.
- Vorsino, Mary (2000-10-20). "U. Hawaii students still
missing, possibly in cult". Honolulu