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The Coral Island  
Coral Island 1893.jpg
Title page, illustrated 1893 edition of The Coral Island
Author R.M. Ballantyne
Country Scotland
Language English
Genre(s) Adventure novel
Publisher W. & R. Chambers
Publication date 1857
Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback)
Pages 184 pp
Preceded by The Young Fur Traders (1856)
Followed by Martin Rattler: A Boy's Adventures in the Forests of Brazil (1858) (?)

The Coral Island is a novel written by Scottish juvenile fiction author R.M. Ballantyne. It was voted as one of the top twenty Scottish novels in the 2006 15th International World Wide Web Conference.[1]


Plot summary

Three boys, fifteen-year-old Ralph Rover (the narrator), eighteen-year-old Jack Martin and fourteen-year-old Peterkin Gay, are the sole survivors of a shipwreck on the coral reef of a large but uninhabited Polynesian island. At first their life on the island is idyllic; food, in the shape of fruits, fish and wild pigs, is plentiful, and using their only possessions; a broken telescope, an iron-bound oar and a small axe, they fashion a shelter and even construct a small boat.

Their first contact with other people comes after several months when they observe two large outrigger canoes land on the beach. The two groups are engaged in battle and the three boys intervene to successfully defeat the attacking party, earning the gratitude of the chief Tararo. The Polynesians leave and the three boys are alone once more.

Then more unwelcome visitors arrive in the shape of pirates, who make a living trading, or stealing, sandalwood. The three boys conceal themselves in a hidden cave, but Ralph is captured when he sets out to see if the pirates have left, and is taken aboard the pirate schooner. Ralph strikes up an unexpected friendship with one of the pirates, "Bloody Bill", and when they call at an island to trade for more wood he meets Tararo again. On the island he sees all facets of island life, including the popular sport of surfing, as well as the practice of killing babies and raping and cannibalism.

Rising tension leads to an attack by the inhabitants on the pirates, leaving only Ralph alive and Bloody Bill mortally wounded. However they manage to make their escape in the schooner. After Bill dies, making a death-bed repentance for his evil life, Ralph manages to sail back to the Coral Island to be re-united with his friends.

The three boys sail to the island of Mango where a missionary has converted part of the population to Christianity. The boys find themselves in the middle of a conflict between the converted and non-converted islanders, and attempting to intervene are made prisoners. They are only released a month later after the arrival of another missionary, and the conversion of the remaining islanders. The "false gods" of Mango are consigned to the flames. The boys then set sail for home, older and wiser.

Literary responses

William Golding's 1954 novel Lord of the Flies was written as a response to this book, and is referenced at the end of the story, when the naval officer says, "I know. Jolly good show. Like the Coral Island." Golding, however, massively disagreed with the views that The Coral Island held, and Lord of the Flies depicts the English boys as savages themselves.


External links


Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010

From Wikisource

The Coral Island
by R. M. Ballantyne
A story about three young British boys who are shipwrecked on a desert island, and fashion their own society and way of life, meeting with missionaries and savages. In the end they are rescued, and returned home much wiser and more mature, for their adventure.
— See also: The Coral Island on Wikipedia, the free online encyclopedia.
Coral Island 1893.jpg


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