The Cranberries: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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The Cranberries
Origin Ballynanty, Limerick, Ireland
Genres Rock
Years active 1989–2003
2009-present
Labels Interscope, Island, Universal Music Group
Website The Cranberries
Members
Dolores O'Riordan (1990-)
Noel Anthony Hogan (1989-)
Michael Gerard Hogan (1989-)
Fergal Patrick Lawler (1989-)
Former members
Niall Quinn (1989-1990)

The Cranberries are an Irish rock band formed in Limerick in 1989 under the name The Cranberry Saw Us, later changed by vocalist Dolores O'Riordan.

The Cranberries rose to international fame in the 1990s with their debut album, Everybody Else Is Doing It, So Why Can't We?, which became a high commercial success and sold over five million copies in the United States. The group was one of the most successful rock acts of the '90s and sold over 14.5 million albums in the United States alone. The band has achieved four top 20 albums on the Billboard 200 chart (Everybody Else Is Doing It, So Why Can't We?; No Need To Argue; To the Faithful Departed and Bury the Hatchet)[1] and eight top 20 singles on the Modern Rock Tracks chart ("Linger", "Dreams", "Zombie", "Ode to My Family", "Ridiculous Thoughts", "Salvation", "Free To Decide" and "Promises").[1]

In 2009 The Cranberries reunited and began a North American tour, followed by dates in Latin America and Europe in early 2010. [2][2]

Contents

History

Origins: 1989–1991

Noel and Mike Hogan, two brothers from Limerick formed the band with drummer Fergal Lawler in 1990.[3] The band was originally named The Cranberry Saw Us.[3] The lead singer at that time was a friend of theirs named Niall Quinn.[3] The remaining band members placed an advertisement for a female singer. Dolores O'Riordan responded to the advertisement and auditioned by writing lyrics and melodies to some existing demos.[3] When she returned with a rough version of "Linger", the group hired her.[3]

After they hired O'Riordan they recorded their home-made demo tape. They made 300 copies.[3] After the original run of 300 copies sold out, the group changed their name to The Cranberries and sent another demo tape, which featured early versions of both "Linger" and "Dreams," to record companies throughout the UK.[3] The tape was made at Xeric studios, which was run by Pearse Gilmore, who would later become their manager.[3]

The demo tape earned the attention of both the UK press and record industry and there soon was a bidding war between major British record labels. Eventually, the group signed with Island Records.[3] The Cranberries headed into the studio with Gilmore as their producer to record their first single, "Uncertain." The title proved to be problematic, as the band did indeed sound ill on the single[citation needed], leading to poor reviews in the press. This led to tension between the group and Gilmore.[3] Before they were scheduled to record their debut in 1992, the band nearly broke up because of the tension. Instead, the band outraged with the results severed all relations with Gilmore, hired Geoff Travis as their new manager, and hired Stephen Street, who had previously worked with The Smiths, as their new producer.[3]

Mainstream success: 1992–1995

The Cranberries' debut album, Everybody Else Is Doing It, So Why Can't We?, was released in the spring of 1993, followed by the single "Dreams". Neither the album nor the single gained much attention, nor did a second single, "Linger", until the band embarked on a tour supporting Suede, catching the attention of MTV, which put their videos into heavy rotation. Although singles-wise in the UK, Linger was released first in February, 1993 peaking at 74, the single was later re-issued in February, 1994 peaking at 14 and was followed by Dreams (released in May 1994 peaking at #27) helping their debut to reach #1 on the UK Album Chart.[4] A cover version of "Dreams" performed by Faye Wong is also used as part of the soundtrack to director Wong Kar Wai's 1994 movie Chungking Express. O'Riordan married the band's tour manager, Don Burton, in July, 1994.[3] The marriage, as well as the group's videos, emphasised the singer as the focal point of the band[citation needed]. O'Riordan's position in the group continued to rise with the fall release of the group's second album, No Need to Argue. Boasting a slightly harder, more streamlined sound, yet still produced by Stephen Street, the record debuted at number six on the US charts and eventually outsold its predecessor; within a year it went triple platinum, spawning the number one hit "Zombie" and the number 11 "Ode to My Family" on the Modern Rock Tracks chart.[1] In 1995, they continued with a tour, and they released two more singles "I Can't Be With You" and "Ridiculous Thoughts". The album went 5x platinum in Canada, platinum in Switzerland, and seven times platinum in the United States.[5][6][7]

Middle era: 1996–2000

The band's heavier third album, To the Faithful Departed, failed to garner the same reception as its predecessors. On its spring release, the album entered the charts, peaking at number 2 on the UK Album Chart and number 4 on the Billboard 200.[1][4] Despite favorable reviews, the album did not match the sales of No Need to Argue. The album only went double platinum in the US and Gold in the UK, which was its two predecessors' which was certified seven times platinum.[5][8] The first single from the album was "Salvation" which peaked at number one on the Modern Rock Tracks chart.[1] The second single from the album was "Free To Decide", the singles peak in the UK was 33.[4] During the autumn of 1996, the group cancelled their Australian and European tour, sparking another round of rumors that O'Riordan was about to launch a solo career. In early 1997 "When You're Gone" was released as a single in the United States, peaking at 22 on the Billboard Hot 100, thereby becoming the second single to chart on the Billboard Hot 100 from the album; the first was "Free To Decide".[1]

In 1999, the group released their fourth studio album Bury the Hatchet. The first single "Promises" was released in February. "Promises" would be the only single from the album to chart in the US and last single before their hiatus.[1] The album peaked at 7 in the UK and 13 in the US.[1][4] The album was certified gold in the US.[5] The second single from the album was "Animal Instinct", which didn't chart in the UK, but it did chart in France, Austria and many others.[9] The third and fourth singles were "Just My Imagination" and "You & Me", respectively. The group started a world tour in April 1999 and it finished in July 2000. It was the biggest and most successful tour of the Cranberries' career.[10]

The tour brought them back to Ireland for their first date since May 2000. They performed at Millstreet in County Cork. As the tour rolled on, the band released Bury The Hatchet - The Complete Sessions, a double CD featuring B-sides as well as live tracks taken from a live show in Paris.

Later years: 2001–2003

In October 2001, the album Wake Up and Smell the Coffee was released. The band's old producer, Stephen Street, had returned and produced their new music video. The album peaked at 46 on the Billboard 200.[1] Its peak in the UK was #61.[4] The first single released from the album was "Analyse", which didn't chart in the UK but chart in US Adult Top 40 at 26 peak.[1][4] In January 2002, they released the second single "Time Is Ticking Out", and some months later another one, "This Is The Day". None of the songs charted.

The following year a greatest hits album was released entitled Stars - The Best of 1992 - 2002 which was released along side with eponymous DVD of music videos. The album peaked in the UK was 20.[4] The song "Stars" was released as a single from that album.

They started a European tour in mid October 2002, which ended in December of the same year. In mid 2003, the band played a few tour dates, some with the Rolling Stones (as opening act), and some alone. They performed two new songs during those dates ("Astral Projection" and "In It Together"), which were supposed to be released on the band's sixth studio album.

In September 2003, despite working on a new album,[11] the Cranberries announced they were taking some time to pursue individual careers.

Hiatus and solo careers: 2004–2008

Since 2004 Dolores O'Riordan has been collaborating on a number of musical projects, before launching her solo career with the album Are You Listening? in 2007. Noel Hogan started a new project called Mono Band, whose first full-length self-titled album saw a limited release in 2005. He went on to form Arkitekt with singer-songwriter Richard Walters.[12] Fergal Lawler was a member of The Low Network, whose first album was released in 2007. He has also worked with Walter Mitty and the Realists[13] as well as The Last Days Of Death Country[14] as both producer and musician.

Reunion: 2009-present

As described in their official website, The Cranberries reunited in January 2009 "to celebrate Dolores becoming an Honorary Patron of University Philosophical Society (Trinity College, Dublin)". While the group indicated at the time that this did not signify an official reunion, things seem to have changed.

On August 25, 2009 in anticipation of the release of Dolores' second solo album, No Baggage, Dolores O'Riordan announced that the Cranberries would be reuniting for a North American tour to begin in November 2009, followed by dates in Europe in early 2010.[15] O'Riordan indicated that the band would be playing songs from her solo albums and a lot of The Cranberries classic hits as well as some new group compositions. Denny DeMarchi who played the keyboard, guitar and sang backing vocals on O'Riordan's solo albums would also be touring with them.[16]

Discography

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "American Chart". Billboard.com. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/esearch/searchResult.jsp?configType=BBCOM_SIMPLEDEFAULT&pubList=Billboard&an=bbcom&action=Submit&kw=&exposeNavigation=true&keyword=The+Cranberries&submit.x=27&submit.y=14&submit=Submit&searchType=ARTICLE_SEARCH. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  2. ^ a b "The Cranberries Reunite After Six Years". SPIN.com. http://www.spin.com/articles/cranberries-reunite-after-six-years. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Allmusic". Allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:0zfpxqu5ldhe~T1. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "British Album Chart". Chart Stats. http://www.chartstats.com/. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  5. ^ a b c "RIAA Certifications". Recording Industry Association of America. http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?resultpage=1&table=SEARCH_RESULTS&action=&title=&artist=The_Cranberries&format=&debutLP=&category=&sex=&releaseDate=&requestNo=&type=&level=&label=&company=&certificationDate=&awardDescription=&catalogNo=&aSex=&rec_id=&charField=&gold=&platinum=&multiPlat=&level2=&certDate=&album=&id=&after=&before=&startMonth=1&endMonth=1&startYear=1958&endYear=2007&sort=Artist&perPage=25. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  6. ^ "CRIA Certifications". CRIA. http://www.cria.ca/cert_db_search.php. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  7. ^ "SWI Certifications". Switzerland. http://hitparade.ch/search_certifications.asp?search=The+Cranberries. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  8. ^ "BPI Certifications". British Phonographic Industry. http://www.bpi.co.uk/index.asp. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  9. ^ "Chart". lescharts.com. http://lescharts.com/showitem.asp?interpret=The+Cranberries&titel=Animal+Instinct&cat=s. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  10. ^ http://rockstylemusic.blogspot.com/2007/01/cranberries.html
  11. ^ The Cranberries' unreleased sixth album
  12. ^ "About Arkitekt". http://www.arkitektmusic.co.uk/about_noflash.html. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  13. ^ WalterMittyAndTheRealists.com
  14. ^ myspace.com/lastdaysofdeathcountry
  15. ^ http://www.ianaaron.eu/
  16. ^ |http://www.myspace.com/dennydemarchi

External links


Simple English

The Cranberries are a Irish music rock group from Limerick in Ireland. 1990 is when they started their career as a band. In 1989 they called themselves "The Cranberry Saw Us".

References









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