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The Doors

L to R: Morrison, Densmore, Manzarek, and Krieger, in a frequently used 1966 picture of the band.
Background information
Origin Los Angeles, California, United States
Genres Rock & roll[1]
Psychedelic rock[1]
Acid rock[2]
Blues-rock[3]
Hard rock[1]
Years active 1965–1973
(Partial reunions: 1978, 1993, 2000)
Labels Elektra
Rhino
Website TheDoors.com
Former members
Jim Morrison
Ray Manzarek
John Densmore
Robby Krieger

The Doors were an American rock band formed in 1965 in Los Angeles, California. Through the majority of its existence, the group consisted of vocalist Jim Morrison, keyboardist Ray Manzarek, drummer John Densmore, and guitarist Robby Krieger. They were among the 1960s most controversial rock acts, due mostly to Morrison's wild, poetic lyrics and charismatic but unpredictable stage persona. After Morrison's death in 1971, the remaining members continued as a trio until finally disbanding for good in 1973.[1]

Though the Doors' active career ended in 1973, their popularity has never really waned. According to the RIAA, they have sold over 32.5 million albums in the US alone.[4]

Contents

History

1965-68

Origins and formation

The origins of The Doors lie in a chance meeting between acquaintances and fellow UCLA film school alumni Jim Morrison and Ray Manzarek on Venice Beach California in July 1965. Morrison told Manzarek he had been writing songs (Morrison said "I was taking notes at a fantastic rock-n-roll concert going on in my head") and, with Manzarek's encouragement, sang "Moonlight Drive". Impressed by Morrison's lyrics, Manzarek suggested they form a band.[citation needed]

Keyboardist Manzarek was in a band called Rick & the Ravens with his brothers Rick and Jim Manzarek, while drummer John Densmore was playing with The Psychedelic Rangers, and knew Manzarek from meditation classes. In August, Densmore joined the group and, along with members of The Ravens and bass player Pat Sullivan (later credited using her married name Patricia Hansen in the 1997 box CD release), recorded a six-song demo in September 1965. This circulated widely as a bootleg recording. That month the group recruited guitarist Robby Krieger, and the final lineup — Morrison, Manzarek, Krieger and Densmore — was complete. The band took their name from a line in William Blake's poem The Marriage of Heaven and Hell, ('If the doors of perception were cleansed everything would appear to man as it is, infinite'), according to the currently festival-touring documentary on The Doors, When You're Strange.[citation needed]

Whisky a Go Go

By 1966, the group was playing the London Fog club and soon graduated to the prestigious Whisky a Go Go, where they were the house band, supporting acts including Van Morrison's group Them. On their last night together the two bands joined up for "In the Midnight Hour" and a twenty-minute jam session of Them's "Gloria".[5] On August 10, they were spotted by Elektra Records president Jac Holzman who was present at the recommendation of Love singer Arthur Lee, whose group was on Elektra. After Holzman and producer Paul A. Rothchild saw two sets of the band playing at the Whisky a Go Go, they signed them to the Elektra Records label on August 18—the start of a long and successful partnership with Rothchild and engineer Bruce Botnick. Later that month, the club fired the band after a profanity-filled performance of "The End". In an incident that foreshadowed the controversy that later followed the group, an acid-tripping Morrison raucously recited his own version of the Greek drama Oedipus Rex, in which Oedipus unknowingly kills his father and has sex with his mother.[citation needed]

Debut album

'The Doors' self-titled debut LP was released in the first week of January 1967. It featured most of the major songs from their set, including the nearly 12-minute musical drama "The End". The band recorded their first album at Sunset Sound Recording Studios from August 24 to 31, 1966, almost entirely live in the studio.

In November 1966, Mark Abramson directed a promotional film for the lead single "Break On Through (To the Other Side)." To promote the single, the Doors made their television debut on a Los Angeles TV show called Boss City, circa 1966, possibly early 1967 and then on a Los Angeles TV show called Shebang, miming to "Break On Through," on New Years 1967. This clip has never been officially released by the Doors.[citation needed]

The band's second single, "Light My Fire", became the first single from Elektra Records to reach number one on the Billboard singles chart, selling over a million copies.[6]

Early television performances

On August 25, 1967, The Doors appeared on American television, possibly for the first time. They guest starred on the variety TV series Malibu U performing "Light My Fire". They did not, however, appear live. The band is seen on a beach and are performing the song in play back. The music video did not gain any commercial success and the performance was more or less forgotten.[7] It was not until they appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show that they gained attention on television.

In May 1967, The Doors made their international television debut by recording a version of "The End" for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) at O'Keefe Centre in Toronto.[8] It remained unreleased except in bootleg form since its initial broadcasts until the release of The Doors Soundstage Performances DVD in 2002.[8]

In September 1967 the Doors gave a memorable performance of "Light My Fire" on the Ed Sullivan Show. According to Ray Manzarek, network executives asked that the word 'higher' be removed in favor of 'better', as you couldn't say 'high' on national TV. The group initially agreed to this, but nonetheless performed the song in its original form, either because they had never intended to comply with the request, or Jim Morrison was nervous and forgot to make the change (Manzarek has given conflicting accounts). Either way, 'higher' was sung out on national TV, and a furious Ed Sullivan cancelled another six shows that had been planned, to which Jim Morrison reportedly said: "Hey man, so what? We just did the Ed Sullivan Show".[citation needed]

On December 24, the Doors taped "Light My Fire" and "Moonlight Drive" live for the Jonathan Winters Show. From December 26 to December 28, the group played at the Winterland Ballroom in San Francisco. An excerpt taken from Stephen Davis' book on Jim Morrison p. 219–220:

The next night at Winterland, a TV set was wheeled onstage during the Doors set so the band could see themselves on the Jonathan Winters Show. They stopped playing Back Door Man when their song came on. The audience watched the Doors watching themselves on TV. They finished the song when their bit was done, and Ray walked over and turned the TV off. The next night was their last ever in Winterland.

They played two more dates in Denver on December 30 and December 31, capping off a year of almost constant touring.

Strange Days

The Doors spent several weeks in Los Angeles' Sunset Studios recording their second album, Strange Days, experimenting with the new technology they now had available. The commercial success of Strange Days was middling, peaking at number three on the Billboard album chart but quickly dropping, along with a series of underperforming singles.[6]

New Haven Incident

Morrison's booking photo in New Haven.

On December 9, 1967, The Doors performed at an infamous concert in New Haven Arena in New Haven, Connecticut which ended abruptly with Morrison's on-stage arrest by local police.

The incidents leading up to Morrison's arrest in New Haven are still somewhat unclear, though it is believed that Morrison was having a conversation backstage in a bathroom stall with a groupie when a police officer appeared. He harassed the pair—causing Morrison to become belligerent resulting in the singer being sprayed with mace.[9]

On stage, Morrison proceeded to go on an obscenity-laced tirade to the audience, explaining what had happened backstage and belittling New Haven police. It was at this time that Morrison was apprehended and dragged offstage. A riot ensued which spilled from the gates of the New Haven Arena and into the streets. Morrison was taken to a local police station, photographed and booked on charges of indecency and public obscenity.[citation needed]

Morrison later referred to this event in the song "Peace Frog" on the 1970 album Morrison Hotel, which contains the lyric, "Blood in the streets in the town of New Haven."

Waiting for the Sun

In April, the recording of the third album was marred by tension as a result of Morrison's increasing dependence on alcohol and drugs, and the rejection of his new epic "The Celebration of the Lizard" by the band producer Paul Rothchild who deemed the work not commercial enough. Approaching the height of their popularity, the Doors played a series of outdoor shows that led to frenzied scenes between fans and police, particularly at Chicago Coliseum on May 10.

The band began to branch out from their initial form for their third LP. Because they had exhausted their original repertoire, they began writing new material. Waiting for the Sun became their first #1 LP, and the single "Hello, I Love You" was their second and last US #1 single. In 1968, controversy arose with the release of the "Hello, I Love You" single when the rock press pointed out the song's musical resemblance to The Kinks' 1965 hit, "All Day and All of the Night." Members of the Kinks have concurred with music critics; Kinks guitarist Dave Davies has been known to add snippets of "Hello, I Love You" during live solo performances of "All Day and All of the Night" as a sarcastic commentary on the subject.[10] In concert, Morrison was occasionally dismissive of the song, and left the vocal chores to Manzarek, as can be seen in the documentary The Doors are Open.[11]

A month after riotous scenes took place at the Singer Bowl in New York, the group flew to Britain for its first venue outside of North America. They held a press conference at the ICA Gallery in London and played shows at The Roundhouse Theatre. The results of the trip were broadcast on Granada TV's The Doors Are Open, which was later released on video. They played dates in Europe, along with Jefferson Airplane, including a show in Amsterdam where Morrison collapsed on stage from a drug binge.

The group flew back to the US and played nine more US dates before returning to work in November on their fourth LP. They ended the year with a successful new single, "Touch Me," (released in December 1968), which hit US #3. In 1969, they started the year with a sold out show at Madison Square Garden on January 24.

The Soft Parade

The Doors' fourth album, The Soft Parade, released in July 1969, further distanced the group from their core fan base, containing pop-oriented arrangements and horn sections. The lead single "Touch Me" featured saxophonist Curtis Amy.

While the band was trying to maintain their previous momentum, efforts to expand their sound gave the album an experimental feel, causing critics to attack their musical integrity. According to John Densmore in his biography Riders On The Storm individual writing credits were noted for the first time because of Morrison's reluctance to sing the lyrics of Robbie Krieger's song "Tell All The People". Morrison's drinking made him difficult and unreliable, and the recording sessions dragged on for months. Studio costs piled up, and The Doors came close to disintegrating.[citation needed]. Despite all this, the album was immensely successful, becoming the band's fourth hit album.

1969-71

Miami Incident

From the March 1, 1969 Miami concert.

During a Doors concert on March 1, 1969, at the Dinner Key Auditorium in Miami, Florida, Morrison gave a controversial performance. The restless crowd was subjected to Morrison's lack of interest in singing songs that night, as well as to his unconventional emotional outbursts, screaming challenges to the audience, and making irreverent social statements. Unknown to the audience was Morrison's exposure to The Living Theater the week before, which influenced his performance. The confusion and taunts led to some out-of-control situations, such as Morrison allegedly exposing his anger at the security guard nearest to him, which resulted in an abrupt end to the show after only one hour.

During the recording of their next album, in November 1969, Morrison found himself in trouble with the law after harassing an airline staff during a flight to Phoenix, Arizona to see The Rolling Stones in concert. He was acquitted the following April after a steward mistakenly identified Morrison as his travelling companion, American actor Tom Baker.[citation needed]

The group started 1970 in New York with two well-received nights at The Felt Forum, just prior to the release of Morrison Hotel.

Aquarius Theatre performances

The Doors gave two concerts at the Earl Carroll Theatre (then called the "Aquarius" theatre) on Sunset Blvd, Hollywood. The two shows were performed on July 21, 1969. A "backstage" performance, a so-called "private rehearsal" without an audience occurred on July 22, 1969. This was only a few months after the "Miami incident" in March of that year. The shows featured a more laid back, bluesy style of Doors music. Morrison appeared not as his trademark, "young lion" in black leather pants. Instead, he wore a beard and sported loose fitting carpenter-like pants.

The performances included Morrison singing sitting on a stool. His usual theatrics were more sober and subdued as compared to previous performances; the convulsing and writhing were not seen. Morrison focused on his vocals and expressed himself more musically—even shaking maracas during many of the songs.

Of the songs performed with an audience, "Universal Mind" and the "Celebration of the Lizard" suite were released on The Doors' 1970 Absolutely Live album, whereas "You Make Me Real" was released on Alive, She Cried in 1983. Further, the Van Morrison track "Gloria", which was performed and recorded during the audience-less rehearsal, was also released on Alive, She Cried. Both the first and second shows along with the rehearsal the following day were released in 2001. It was at these shows that Morrison issued his poem, "Ode to LA" while thinking of Brian Jones, the deceased former Rolling Stones guitarist. Morrison would die exactly two years after Jones.

Morrison Hotel and Absolutely Live

The Doors staged a return to form with their 1970 LP Morrison Hotel, their fifth album. Featuring a consistent, hard rock sound, the album's opener was "Roadhouse Blues." The record reached US #4 and revived their status among their core fanbase and the rock press. Dave Marsh, the editor of Creem magazine, said of the album: "the most horrifying rock and roll I have ever heard. When they're good, they're simply unbeatable. I know this is the best record I've listened to ... so far".[12] Rock Magazine called it "without any doubt their ballsiest (and best) album to date".[12] Circus magazine praised it as "possibly the best album yet from the Doors" and "Good hard, evil rock, and one of the best albums released this decade".[12] The album also saw Jim Morrison returning as main songwriter, writing or co-writing all of the album's tracks (as opposed to the poppier The Soft Parade, for which Robbie Krieger contributed a large number of songs).

Jim Morrison on the day of his conviction in Miami for profanity and indecent exposure.

Once The Doors had completed Morrison Hotel, with a tour to support it, Morrison and the band found their career consumed by the Miami trial.

July 1970 saw the release of The Doors' first live album, Absolutely Live. The 40th Anniversary CD reissue of Morrison Hotel contains outtakes and alternate takes, including different versions of "The Spy" and "Roadhouse Blues" (with Lonnie Mack on bass guitar and The Lovin' Spoonful's John Sebastian on a bluesy harmonica).

The band continued to perform at arenas throughout the summer. Morrison faced trial in Miami in August, but the group made it to the Isle of Wight Festival on August 29. They performed alongside artists such as Jimi Hendrix, The Who, Joni Mitchell, Miles Davis and Sly & The Family Stone. Two songs from the show were featured in the 1995 documentary Message To Love.

Back in Miami for his trial, Morrison took the stand on September 16, but the jury returned a guilty verdict for profanity and indecent exposure on September 20. Morrison was sentenced to eight months' custody but was allowed to go free pending an appeal. On October 30, 1970, Morrison was found guilty of two charges: profanity and indecent exposure. He was acquitted of the charge of drunkenness but found guilty of lewd behavior, a felony. The verdict was contested and Morrison died in July 1971 while his case was still on appeal.[citation needed]

Last public performance

On December 8, 1970, his 27th birthday, Morrison recorded another poetry session. This would end up on An American Prayer: Jim Morrison in 1978 with music, and is currently under the possession of the Courson family.

The Doors' tour to promote their upcoming album L.A. Woman would comprise only two dates. The first was held in Dallas, Texas on December 11 and reportedly went well. During the Doors' last public performance, at The Warehouse in New Orleans, Louisiana, on December 12, 1970, Morrison apparently had a breakdown on stage. Midway through the set he slammed the microphone numerous times into the stage floor until the platform beneath was destroyed, then sat down and refused to perform for the remainder of the show. Drummer John Densmore recalls the incident in his biography Riders On the Storm, where after the show he met with Ray and Robbie; they decided to end their live act, citing their mutual agreement that Morrison was ready to retire from performing.

L.A. Woman

The Doors set to reclaim their status as a premier act with L.A. Woman in 1971. It contained two top 20 hits and has gone on to be their second best-selling studio album, surpassed in sales only by their debut. The album explored their R&B roots, although during rehearsals they had a falling-out with Rothchild. Denouncing "Riders On The Storm" as 'cocktail jazz', he quit and handed the production to Botnick. The singles "L.A. Woman", "Love Her Madly" (the Doors last top ten hit), and "Riders On The Storm" remain mainstays of rock radio programming, and the latter, as of November 25, 2009, was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame for its special significance to recorded music. During the sessions, a short clip of the band performing "Crawling King Snake" was filmed. So far as known, this is the last clip of the Doors performing with Morrison.

On March 13, 1971, following the recording of L.A. Woman, Morrison left the Doors and moved to Paris with Pamela Courson. He had visited the city the previous summer and seemed interested in moving there to become a writer in exile.

While in Paris, he was again drinking heavily and using other drugs. On June 16, the last known recording of Morrison was made when he befriended two street musicians at a bar and invited them to a studio. This recording was finally released in 1994 on a bootleg CD entitled The Lost Paris Tapes.

Morrison's death

Jim Morrison's grave at the Père Lachaise in Paris

Morrison died on July 3, 1971. In the official account of his death, he was found in a Paris apartment bathtub by Courson. Pursuant to French law, no autopsy was performed because the medical examiner claimed to have found no evidence of foul play. The absence of an official autopsy has left many questions regarding Morrison's cause of death. Herve Muller has reported that he speculates that Jim died of a heroin overdose at the RnR Circus. This is corroborated by the manager of the club Sam Bernett in a 2007 interview, and subsequent book. Morrison was buried at Père Lachaise Cemetery on July 7. Morrison died at age 27, the same age as several other famous rock stars, including Alan Wilson of Canned Heat, Jimi Hendrix, Kurt Cobain, Janis Joplin, Brian Jones of British rock group, The Rolling Stones, and Gary Thain of Uriah Heep. Morrison's girlfriend, Pamela Courson, also died at the age of 27.

1971-73

Other Voices and Full Circle

The surviving Doors continued for some time, initially considering replacing Morrison with a new singer. Instead, Krieger and Manzarek took over on vocals and The Doors released two more albums before disbanding. The recording of Other Voices took place from June to August 1971, and the album was released in October, 1971. The recordings for Full Circle took place during the spring of 1972, and the album was released in August, 1972. The Doors went on tour after the releases in support of the albums. The last album expanded into jazz territory. In 1973 the group disbanded; Krieger, Manzarek and Densmore reunited in 1978, 1993 and 2000.

While neither album has been reissued on CD in the United States, they have been released on 2-on-1 CDs in Germany and Russia.

1978

An American Prayer

The third post-Morrison album, An American Prayer, was released in 1978. It consisted of the band adding musical tracks to spoken-word recordings of Morrison reciting his poetry. The record was a fair commercial success, acquiring a platinum certificate.[13] An American Prayer was re-mastered and re-released with bonus tracks in 1995.[14]

After The Doors

Solo work (1974-2001)

Manzarek made three solo albums from 1974-83 and formed a band called Nite City in 1975, which released two albums from 1977-78.
Krieger and Densmore formed The Butts Band in 1973, but disbanded after two albums.
Krieger released six solo albums from 1977-2000. All of the ex-Doors solo albums have met with mixed reviews.

Riders on the Storm/Manzarek-Krieger (2002–present)

Robby Krieger

In 2002, Manzarek and Krieger reunited and produced a new version of The Doors, called "The Doors of the 21st Century." The lineup was fronted by Ian Astbury, with Angelo Barbera from Krieger's band on bass. At their first concert, the group announced that drummer John Densmore would not perform, and it was later reported that he was unable to play because he suffered from tinnitus. Densmore was initially replaced by Stewart Copeland of The Police, but after Copeland broke his arm falling off a bicycle, the arrangement ended in mutual lawsuits, and he was replaced by Ty Dennis, drummer with Krieger's band. Densmore subsequently claimed that he had in fact not been invited to take part in the reunion. In February 2003, he filed an injunction against his former band mates, hoping to prevent them from using the name "The Doors of the 21st Century." His motion was denied in court and Ray Manzarek publicly stated that the invitation for Densmore to return to the group still stood. It was also reported that both Morrison's family and that of Pamela Courson had joined Densmore in seeking to prevent Manzarek and Krieger from using The Doors' name. In July 2005, Densmore and the Morrison estate won a permanent injunction, causing the new band to switch to the name "D21C." It then played under the name Riders on the Storm, a song by The Doors released in 1971 as the last track on the final Morrison-Era album, L.A. Woman. They are allowed to play under names such as "former Doors" and "members of The Doors." Later in July 2007, Densmore said that he would not rejoin The Doors unless it was fronted by Eddie Vedder. Densmore says, "I play with Jim. If there's someone of that level, OK. I'm not gonna join them with Ian. That's not to diss Ian, he's a good singer - but he's no Jim Morrison. Eddie Vedder? My God, there's a singer."

Phil Chen, Ray Manzarek, Robby Krieger and Ty Dennis - The Doors of the 21st Century

Densmore has been steadfast in refusing to license The Doors' music for use in television commercials, including an offer of $15 million by Cadillac to lease the song "Break on Through (to the Other Side)," feeling that that would be in violation of the spirit in which the music was created. Densmore wrote about this subject for The Nation:

People lost their virginity to this music, got high for the first time to this music. I've had people say kids died in Vietnam listening to this music, other people say they know someone who didn't commit suicide because of this music.... On stage, when we played these songs, they felt mysterious and magic. That's not for rent.[15]

Ray Manzarek was quoted as saying, "We're all getting older. We should, the three of us, be playing these songs because, hey, the end is always near. Morrison was a poet, and above all, a poet wants his words heard." When Morrison was asked what he would most like to be remembered for, he responded, "My words, man, my words."[16]

On February 16, 2007, Ian Astbury quit Riders on the Storm, and relaunched his old band, The Cult. On March 14, 2007, Brett Scallions, former lead singer of the band Fuel, was announced as the new lead singer of Riders on the Storm.

Ray Manzarek in 2009.

In 2007, Manzarek described the band's sound as "Bauhaus" music. "It's clean, it's pure. There is a keyboard on one side, a guitar on the other, drums in the middle, a bass line underneath that and the singer up front and you can hear the words. That's one of the reasons why The Doors' sound is still important today. It's perfectly modern. That's what we wanted."[17] Strange Days, Morrison Hotel, and L.A. Woman incorporate different styles, including psychedelic pop, hard rock, and blues.

Three non-album tracks have been released, the b-sides "Who Scared You?", "Tree Trunk", and a cover of Willie Dixon's "(You Need Meat) Don't Go No Further", sung by Manzarek. Both songs had previously appeared on the 1972 compilation, Weird Scenes Inside The Goldmine. "Who Scared You?" was also released on CD in edited form on the 1997 box set with later unedited appearances on Essential Rarities, the Perception box set and the 40th Anniversary reissue of Soft Parade, and "You Need Meat" was included on the new Perception box set. "Tree Trunk" has seen no other official release. Additional songs have been only performed live.

In August 2008, the California Supreme Court decided not to hear the case involving Krieger and Manzarek's use of the name "The Doors" in performances over the objections of Densmore and the Morrison estate, so the judgment against Krieger and Manzarek stands.[18]

In February 2009, Manzarek and Krieger went back on tour using the name "Ray Manzarek and Robby Krieger of The Doors."

The long awaited Dick Wolf-produced Doors documentary, When You're Strange, is set to hit theaters in April 2010. It is, as Ray Manzarek says, the true story of The Doors, told through use of new interviews and previously unreleased video footage. The film is narrated by Johnny Depp, and directed by Tom DiCello.[19] Rhino Entertainment plans to release a soundtrack to the movie in March 2010, containing both live and studio recordings.[19] The surviving members of The Doors were not not fans of the Oliver Stone movie that was released in 1991, twenty years after Morrison's death. Oliver Stone used much "creative license" in his film, with some gross factual errors. So one year shy of the 40th anniversary of Jim Morrison's death, The Doors will be opened.

New material

In 1997, the first archive material was included on the release of The Doors: Box Set, a four-CD set, one of which was a "greatest hits" type CD. Some of the material had been previously available on bootlegs. A notable inclusion on the compilation was a CD of highlights from the 1970 Felt Forum concert and a cleaned-up recording of the (edited) 1969 "Rock Is Dead" session. The surviving members again re-united to add new musical backing to the solo Morrison song "Orange County Suite".

The 1999 Complete Studio Recordings box set only included the first six studio albums (omitting An American Prayer, Other Voices and Full Circle), and the Perception box set, released on November 21, 2006, continued the same trend omitting the three post-Morrison studio albums. The 2006 box set contained about two hours of mostly unheard studio outtakes from the first six albums. Each album was represented by two discs: a CD of the album and the bonus tracks, and a DVD-Audio with both stereo and 5.1 surround sound mixes (produced and mixed by Bruce Botnick) in 96 kHz/24-bit LPCM, Dolby Digital, and DTS, as well as mostly previously released video footage. The discs were accompanied by new liner notes by Botnick and articles from several music critics and historians for each album.

In November 2000, The Doors announced the creation of Bright Midnight Records, a label through which 36 albums and 90 hours of previously unreleased Morrison-era Doors material would be made available on CD. This was launched with a sampler of forthcoming material, mostly from live concerts. The first full release was a two-CD set of the May 1970 show at Detroit's Cobo Arena, notable for being, according to Doors manager Danny Sugerman in its liner notes, "easily... the longest Doors set ever performed." It was followed by two CDs of interviews, mostly with Morrison, and the two 1969 Aquarius shows and one of the rehearsals. A four-CD set Boot Yer Butt included bootleg quality material but sold out nevertheless.[20] It was notable for the inclusion of the only known performances of songs from L.A. Woman including the title track and "The Changeling" from The Doors' final recorded show in December 1970, Dallas, Texas. In 2005, a two-CD concert from Philadelphia in 1970 was released.

Many bootleg recordings are available of the group. Among them are a wealth of shows from March 1967 at the Matrix Club in San Francisco. Many shows are available from 1968 when the band reached the height of its popularity, notably two shows in Stockholm, Sweden. The infamous Miami show has become widely available while many 1970 shows, notably a radio broadcast of the June 5 Seattle and June 6 Vancouver show, make the rounds. The complete 1969 Rock Is Dead studio jam was discovered in the mid 1990s.

Musical style

The Doors were unusual among rock groups because they rarely used a bass guitar when playing live. Instead, Manzarek played the bass lines with his left hand on the newly invented Fender Rhodes Piano Bass, an offshoot of the Fender Rhodes electric piano, playing other keyboards with his right hand. On their studio albums The Doors did sometimes use bass players, such as Douglas Lubahn, Jerry Scheff, Harvey Brooks, Lonnie Mack, Larry Knechtel, Leroy Vinnegar and Ray Neopolitan.

Many of The Doors' original songs were group compositions, with Morrison or Krieger contributing the lyrics and an initial melody, and the others providing harmonic and rhythmic suggestions, or even entire sections of songs, such as Manzarek's organ introduction to "Light My Fire".

Awards and accolades

  • In 1993, The Doors were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
  • In 1998, "Light My Fire" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame under the category Rock (track).
  • In 2000, The Doors were ranked number 32 on VH1's 100 Greatest Hard Rock Artists, and "Light My Fire" was ranked number seven on VH1's Greatest Rock Songs.
  • In 2002, The Doors was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame under the category Rock (Album).
  • In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked The Doors number 41 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[21]
  • In 2007, The Doors received a lifetime achievement award at the 2007 Grammy Awards.
  • In 2007, The Doors received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
  • In 2009, "Riders On The Storm" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame under the category Rock (track).
  • The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time by Rolling Stone magazine includes three studio albums by The Doors; The Doors at number 42, L.A. Woman at number 362 and Strange Days at number 407.
  • The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time by Rolling Stone magazine includes two songs by The Doors: "Light My Fire" at number 35 and "The End" at number 328.
  • The Doors were ranked number 20 on VH1's list of the 100 Greatest Artists of Rock and Roll.
  • The Recording Academy announced the 2010 Grammy Hall Of Fame Inductees, including The Doors' Riders On The Storm.

Band members

  • Original members are in bold.
The Doors and Related lineups
Rick & the Ravens
(July 1965 – September 1965)
The Doors
(October 1965 – July 1971)
  • Jim Morrison – lead vocals
  • Robby Krieger – guitar, vocals
  • Ray Manzarek – keyboards, keyboard bass, vocals
  • John Densmore – drums, percussion
The Doors
(1971–1973)
  • Robby Krieger – guitar, vocals
  • Ray Manzarek – keyboards, keyboard bass, vocals
  • John Densmore – drums, percussion
(1973–2002)

Group Disbanded; Krieger, Manzarek and Densmore reunited in 1978, 1993 and 2000.

The Doors of the 21st Century
(2002–2003)
  • Ian Astbury – lead vocals
  • Robby Krieger – guitar, vocals
  • Ray Manzarek – keyboards, vocals
  • Angelo Barbera – bass guitar
  • Stewart Copeland – drums, percussion
D21C / Riders on the Storm
(2003–2007)
  • Ian Astbury – lead vocals
  • Robby Krieger – guitar, vocals
  • Ray Manzarek – keyboards, vocals
  • Angelo Barbera – bass guitar
  • Ty Dennis – drums, percussion
Riders on the Storm
(2007–2008)
  • Brett Scallions – lead vocals
  • Robby Krieger – guitar, vocals
  • Ray Manzarek – keyboards vocals
  • Angelo Barbera – bass guitar
  • Ty Dennis – drums, percussion
Ray Manzarek and Robby Krieger of The Doors
(2008–present)
  • Brett Scallions – lead vocals
  • Robby Krieger – guitar, vocals
  • Ray Manzarek – keyboards, vocals
  • Phil Chen – bass guitar
  • Ty Dennis – drums, percussion

Discography

Videography

Further reading

  • Ashcroft, Linda. Wild Child: Life with Jim Morrsion. Hodder & Stoughton Ltd, 1997-8-21. ISBN 978-0-340-68498-6
  • Densmore, John. Riders on the Storm: My Life with Jim Morrison and the Doors. Delacorte Press, 1990-8-1. ISBN 978-0-385-30033-9
  • Doors, The and Fong-Torres, Ben. The Doors. Hyperion, 2006-10-25. ISBN 978-1-401-30303-7
  • Hopkins, Jerry and Sugerman, Danny. No One Here Gets Out Alive. Warner Books, 1980. ISBN 978-0-446-97133-1
  • Manzarek, Ray. Light My Fire: My Life with the Doors. Putnam, 1998. ISBN 978-0-399-14399-1
  • Riordan, James and Prochnicky, Jerry. Break On Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison. Quill, 1991. ISBN 978-0-688-11915-7
  • Shaw, Greg. "The Doors On The Road"
  • Sugerman, Danny. The Doors: The Complete Lyrics. Delta, 1992-10-10. ISBN 978-0-385-30840-3

References

  1. ^ a b c d The Doors All Music.com
  2. ^ TimePieces All Music Amazon.com Cd universe Rolling Stones
  3. ^ ondarock.it - "The Doors"
  4. ^ "Top Selling Artists". RIAA. http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?table=tblTopArt. 
  5. ^ "Whisky A Go Go 1971". http://www.shadowplays.com/archive/whisky.php. Retrieved December 24, 2009. 
  6. ^ a b Brodsky, Joel. "Psychotic Reaction". Mojo. February 2004.
  7. ^ The Doors. The Doors - Light My Fire (1967) Malibu U TV. http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x51nbt_the-doors-light-my-fire-1967-malibu_music. 
  8. ^ a b The Doors. (2002). The Doors Soundstage Performances. [DVD]. Toronto/Copehagen/New York: Eagle Vision. 
  9. ^ Huey, Steve. "Jim Morrison Biography". Allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:f9fwxqw5ldde~T1. Retrieved January 1, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Loyal Pains: The Davies Boys Are Still at It". http://kinks.it.rit.edu/misc/articles/latimes.html. 
  11. ^ The Doors. (1968). The Doors are Open. [Concert/Documentary]. The Roadhouse, London. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0167903/. 
  12. ^ a b c J. Hopkins and D. Sugerman: No One Here Gets Out Alive, p. 284
  13. ^ "RIAA News Room - Platinum certificates 2001". RIAA. http://www.riaa.com/newsitem.php?news_year_filter=&resultpage=76&id=182519BF-06DB-6DF5-F763-3555CDC1857A. 
  14. ^ Iyengar, Vik. "Review of An American Prayer". Allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:3ifwxqt5ldje~T1. Retrieved December 14, 2009. 
  15. ^ Densmore, John (June 8, 2002). "Riders on the Storm". The Nation. http://www.thenation.com/doc/20020708/densmore. 
  16. ^ Drummer Nixes Doors Song for TV Ad
  17. ^ Thomas, Graeme (February 2007). "After Death do us Part". The Word Magazine. 
  18. ^ http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5gHLUQ-tiqEOHu_paMoWStxqZBfOwD92N8QE00
  19. ^ a b Johnny Depp narrates a Doors documentary. Pop Candy blog on usatoday.com Retrieved 2010-02-21.
  20. ^ "Bright Midnight Archives". http://www.brightmidnightarchives.com/boot.html. Retrieved August 26, 2008. 
  21. ^ Manson, Marilyn (April 15, 2004). "The Immortals - The Greatest Artists of All Time: 41) The Doors". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/5940019/41_the_doors. 

External links


Simple English

The Doors
Origin Los Angeles, California, US
Genres Rock, blues-rock, psychedelic rock, acid rock, hard rock
Years active 1965 – 1973
(Partial reunions: 1978, 1993, 2000, 2002-present)
Labels Elektra, Rhino
Website thedoors.com
Former members
Jim Morrison
John Densmore
Ray Manzarek
Robby Krieger

The Doors was an American rock band. They were one of the most popular rock groups of all time. Led by poet/drifter/failed film student, Jim Morrison, along with Ray Manzarek (keyboards), John Densmore (drums) and Robby Krieger (guitar), the group is thought of today as a major influence on rock music, and they are still just as popular as they ever were, if not more popular.

The group was widely known for its lead singer, Jim Morrison, who was famous for his love of alcohol and illegal drugs. Morrison often sang at concerts after using alcohol and drugs, sometimes so drunk that he could not remember the words to his own songs. Once, Morrison was said to have shown his private parts to the audience, and he was charged with a crime.

Morrison finally fell from his weaknesses, dying in France, on July 3rd, 1971. This was said to be from a drug overdose.

There was a 1991 movie about them, also called The Doors. It was directed by Oliver Stone and starred Val Kilmer as Jim Morrison.








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