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.
"Selection" on the Judenrampe, Auschwitz, May/June 1944. To be sent to the right meant slave labor; to the left, the gas chambers.
^ In 1944, Sam was sent to Auschwitz.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shortly after arriving at Auschwitz, their father was "selected" by Dr. Mengele and sent to the gas chamber.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bella was assigned to work in the "Kanada Kommando" and her younger sister was placed in the "Kinderblock," from where she was later sent to the gas chambers.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This image shows the arrival of Hungarian Jews from Carpatho-Ruthenia, many of them from the Berehov ghetto.^ One thousand Jews were deported from the Theresienstadt Ghetto to Izbica Lubelska, Poland; only one person survived - a woman who escaped after arrival.

It was taken by Ernst Hofmann or Bernhard Walter of the SS. Courtesy of Yad Vashem.[1]
.The Holocaust (from Greek ὁλόκαυστος [holókaustos]: hólos, "whole" and kaustós, "burnt")[2], also known as the Shoah (Hebrew): השואה, Romanized ha'shoah; Yiddish: חורבן, Romanized churben or hurban[3] is the term generally used to describe the genocide of approximately six million European Jews during World War II, a programme of systematic state-sponsored extermination by Nazi Germany.^ "After the holocaust of war, with its toll of 30 million victims of whom six million were Jews ..."

^ Approximately 5,000 Jews served as volunteers in the military during the war.

^ During World War II Bloch refused to collaborate with the Germans.

[4]
.Some scholars maintain that the definition of the Holocaust should also include the Nazis' systematic murder of millions of people in other groups, including ethnic Poles, Romani, Soviet civilians, Soviet prisoners of war, people with disabilities, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, and other political and religious opponents.^ Some of them did attempt to negotiate with various Nazi functionaries during the holocaust, which is what Mason's confused formulation below refers to.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The BNP has enjoyed some electoral success which alarms the Jewish community as well as ant-fascists organizations and other minority groups.

^ The Nazis are believed to have killed around 600,000 Gypsies, although Gypsy groups say the number could have been as high as 1.5 million.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .By this definition, the total number of Holocaust victims would be between 11 million and 17 million people.^ The number of gay Holocaust victims is substantial.

^ "After the holocaust of war, with its toll of 30 million victims of whom six million were Jews ..."

^ From the surviving records, no definitive total is available, but a common range given in historical works is 5.1 million to 5.9 million, while some estimates posit a figure between 6 and 6.5 million.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[6]
The persecution and genocide were carried out in stages. .Legislation to remove the Jews from civil society was enacted years before the outbreak of World War II. Concentration camps were established in which inmates were used as slave labor until they died of exhaustion or disease.^ She recalls her experiences in the Kraków ghetto and the concentration camps of Płaszów, Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen during World War II. At Płaszów she helped care for the children, including her two year old son, until they were taken to Auschwitz.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following the end of the war, the two were placed in a DP camp outside of Stuttgart Germany, where they were reunited with Barbara's father.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The reign of his successor, Henry IV, led to conflicts with the papacy and 20 years of civil war.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Where the Third Reich conquered new territory in eastern Europe, specialized units called Einsatzgruppen murdered Jews and political opponents in mass shootings.^ Like "the Holocaust," ha - shoah , unmodified, can refer to the Nazi mass murder of Jews or the Nazi mass murder of both Jews and non-Jews.

^ A church leader posed with a political opponent of a state run by Jews, therefore his church is anti-Semitic."
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Einsatzgruppen Units (special squads assigned to murder Jews) with the help of the local population took part in what was to date, the worst "ethnic cleansing" of the war.

.Jews and Romani were confined in overcrowded ghettos before being transported by freight train to extermination camps where, if they survived the journey, the majority of them were systematically killed in gas chambers.^ She bled badly, and on the train to the Majdanek death camp she covered her wounds with leaves for fear the Nazis would kill her because she would die soon anyway.

^ It is in these death camps that gas chambers and crematoria played important roles, though gas vans were the chief method at several of them.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Following the liquidation of the ghetto in 1944, Mr. Kozlowski, along with his father, were marched to Tomaszów where they were put on a train and shipped to Auschwitz-Birkenau.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Every arm of Nazi Germany's bureaucracy was involved in the logistics of the mass murder, turning the country into what one Holocaust scholar has called "a genocidal state".[7]
egg

Contents

Distinctive features

Compliance of Germany's institutions

Ghettos were established in Europe in which Jews were confined before being shipped to extermination camps.
Michael Berenbaum writes that Germany became a "genocidal state."[7] .Every arm of the country's sophisticated bureaucracy was involved in the killing process.^ From every occupied country in the Reich Jews and other Nazi enemies were sent to slave labor camps or killed in the gas chambers.
  • The Holocaust 1933-1945 - World War II Multimedia Database 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.worldwar2database.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Parish churches and the Interior Ministry supplied birth records showing who was Jewish; the Post Office delivered the deportation and denaturalization orders; the Finance Ministry confiscated Jewish property; German firms fired Jewish workers and disenfranchised Jewish stockholders; the universities refused to admit Jews, denied degrees to those already studying, and fired Jewish academics; government transport offices arranged the trains for deportation to the camps; German pharmaceutical companies tested drugs on camp prisoners; companies bid for the contracts to build the crematoria; detailed lists of victims were drawn up using the Dehomag (IBM Germany) company's punch card machines, producing meticulous records of the killings.^ Pauli shows up on lists of Jewish scientists.

^ Jews, set them on fire at night, killing those that attempted to escape.

^ The Germans shot those who tried to escape during the fire.

.As prisoners entered the death camps, they were made to surrender all personal property, which was carefully catalogued and tagged before being sent to Germany to be reused or recycled.^ They were all sent to Drancy transit camp anyway.
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As prisoners entered the death camps, they had to surrender all personal property to the Nazis - which was precisely catalogued and tagged, and for which receipts were issued.

^ Prisoners in all the concentration camps were literally worked to death.
  • lec11c 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.u.arizona.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Berenbaum writes that the Final Solution of the Jewish question was "in the eyes of the perpetrators … Germany's greatest achievement."^ It is the year of the greatest coordination of the final solution.
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC faculty.ucc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Goering to Heydrich concerning the final solution of the Jewish question."
  • The “Holocaust”, is a Typical Zionist Myth, by ABDULLAN MOHAMMAD SINDI- Radio Islam. Ahmed Rami. 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC abbc.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jewish casualties from the Final Solution .
  • Holocaust Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]
Saul Friedländer writes that: "Not one social group, not one religious community, not one scholarly institution or professional association in Germany and throughout Europe declared its solidarity with the Jews."[9] .He writes that some Christian churches declared that converted Jews should be regarded as part of the flock, but even then only up to a point.^ Why only the jews should be remembered?
  • Mideast Youth - Thinking Ahead » Why Would Anyone Deny The Holocaust? 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.mideastyouth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Christians should love the Jews and pray for them.
  • THE HOLOCAUST---PERSECUTION OR GOD'S JUDGMENT? 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.bethelministries.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Baltic police battalions, recruited by the Germans, including Latvian ones, were a very important part of the German machine murdering Jews in Belarus, and even in Poland and the Ukraine.
  • Remembering the Holocaust accurately 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.jpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Friedländer argues that this makes the Holocaust distinctive because antisemitic policies were able to unfold without the interference of countervailing forces of the kind normally found in advanced societies, such as industry, small businesses, churches, and other vested interests and lobby groups.^ A holocaust of such dimensions is bound to make the survivors apprehensive" [1949].

^ Biting Holocaust-era Jewish critique of German racial policies SUBJECT (S): Antisemitism Germany; Germany ethnic relations; National socialism; Jews Germany.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Doubt" rather than "denial" allows them to reframe the whole thing as a )free speech issue, free inquiry, etc., and people can support them without )feeling they are questioning the Holocaust, but simply arguing for other )people's right to dissent or question.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[9]

Dominance of ideology and the scale of the genocide

.In other genocides, pragmatic considerations such as control of territory and resources were central to the genocide policy.^ Reitlinger's considerably lower estimates are traceable largely to what he calls "highly conjectural estimates" of losses in territory presently controlled by the Soviet Union and losses in Romania.
  • The Holocaust As Sacred Cow 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.ihr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We do not have a single leader or council of elders or other central authority to set policy -- we don't even have a membership list!
  • Reincarnation and theHolocaust FAQ (Part 1) 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pinenet.com [Source type: General]

^ The Holocaust was a historical event and should be studied as such, but I am weary of those who suggest wholly eliding Nazi genocide of the Jews with other persecutions.
  • Rethinking the Holocaust - Idea of the Day Blog - NYTimes.com 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC ideas.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Yehuda Bauer argues that:
.The basic motivation [of the Holocaust] was purely ideological, rooted in an illusionary world of Nazi imagination, where an international Jewish conspiracy to control the world was opposed to a parallel Aryan quest.^ Paris for Jewish victims of the Nazi holocaust ..."

^ Another important sense of "H/holocaust" missed completely by the OED definitions: the killing (and also, sometimes persecution) of both Jewish and non-Jewish non-combatants in Nazi Europe.

^ Us überkikes are just so powerful and cunning we used our magic überkike mind control rays to make the whole uncircumcised world hallucinate the holocaust and forget our überkike atrocities against the peace-loving Nazis.
  • Sadly, No! » Shorter Michael Ledeen 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.sadlyno.com [Source type: Original source]

No genocide to date had been based so completely on myths, on hallucinations, on abstract, nonpragmatic ideology – which was then executed by very rational, pragmatic means."[10]
Responding to the German philosopher Ernst Nolte who claimed that the Holocaust was not unique, the German historian Eberhard Jäckel wrote in 1986 that the Holocaust was unique because:
"the National Socialist killing of the Jews was unique in that never before had a state with the authority of its responsible leader decided and announced that a specific human group, including its aged, its women and its children and infants, would be killed as quickly as possible, and then carried through this resolution using every possible means of state power".[11]
.The slaughter was systematically conducted in virtually all areas of Nazi-occupied territory in what are now 35 separate European countries.^ Although individual revisionists may have different motives and beliefs, they all share at least one point: that there was no systematic attempt by Nazi Germany to exterminate European Jewry.
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fifth Bibliography 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Third Bibliography 18 September 2009 6:52 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is now within modern history a compartment of holocaust studies dealing with the wholesale destruction by the Nazis of European Jewry.

^ All refugees outside these areas would have to be absorbed by the host country.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[12] .It was at its worst in Central and Eastern Europe, which had more than seven million Jews in 1939. About five million Jews were killed there, including three million in occupied Poland and over one million in the Soviet Union.^ More than 700 jews were aboard.
  • holocaust.klup.info, History of the Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.klup.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Part III - Faces and Voices of Holocaust Survivors 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: General]

^ Britain and the Jews of Europe, 1939--1945.
  • Basic Bibliography of the Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC yad-vashem.org.il [Source type: News]

^ The mass killing was at its worst in Central and Eastern Europe, which had more than 7 million Jews in 1939; about 5 million Jews were killed there, including 3 million in occupied Poland and over 1 million in the Soviet Union.
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hundreds of thousands also died in the Netherlands, France, Belgium, Yugoslavia and Greece.^ "Probably more than two hundred thousand Jews were killed or died in ...

.The Wannsee Protocol makes clear that the Nazis also intended to carry out their "final solution of the Jewish question" in England and Ireland.^ If the Zionists were to finalize a merchandise-based pact with Nazi Germany, then Jewish Palestine would be in violation of the boycott and its products and fundraising declared untouchable.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Friedlander H. The origins of Nazi genocide: from euthanasia to the final solution.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The operation is carried out twice each year: before the Passover festival which begins this weekend and at the Jewish New Year in the fall.

[13]
.Anyone with three or four Jewish grandparents was to be exterminated without exception.^ Two basic categories were established in November: Jews—those with at least three Jewish grandparents—and Mischlinge (“mongrels,” or “mixed breeds”)—people with one or two Jewish grandparents.
  • Holocaust (European history) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Generation Without Grandparents by Chani Aftergut Kurtz For the children of Holocaust survivors, we have no normal complement of four grandparents.
  • InnerNet: Jewish CyberMag 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.innernet.org.il [Source type: Academic]

^ Never again” means never again will the world be able to nearly exterminate the Jewish population of nation after nation, indiscriminately, without any real punishment.
  • Holocaust « Yourish.com 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.yourish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In other genocides, people were able to escape death by converting to another religion or in some other way assimilating.^ This isn't just the story of two people wanting an escape from the city; it's an examination of the state of the British countryside and a careful consideration of whether or not the way of life is sustainable.

^ Sometimes change has to come some other way.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Government can allow religion's positive effects to be maximized by ceasing to interfere with its free expression, and joining hands with religious people in appropriate ways to help tackle some of society's worst problems.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.This option was not available to the Jews of occupied Europe,[14] unless their grandparents had converted prior to January 18, 1871. All persons of recent Jewish ancestry were to be exterminated in lands controlled by Germany.^ The Jewish community at Radolszell, Germany, was exterminated.

^ "This issue of the JEWISH FRONTIER attempts to give some picture of what is happening to the Jews of Europe ...

^ From: The Holocaust FAQ "By 1942 the governments of the United States and Great Britain had confirmed reports about the Final Solution - Germany's intent to kill all the Jews of Europe."
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[15]

Medical experiments

A cold water immersion experiment at Dachau concentration camp presided over by Professor Holzlohner (left) and Dr. Rascher (right)
.Another distinctive feature of the Holocaust was the extensive use of human subjects in medical experiments.^ A Holocaust survivor, many of his novels deal in one way or another with that event, particulary Night, his best-known work, which relates his own experiences.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Nuremberg medical trial saw the prosecution of a few people who exploited the opportunities when medical science defined some human beings as "subhuman" and therefore qualified as subjects for inhuman medical experiments.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (In the Catholic Bible "holocaust" [ olot in the Hebrew] is used once and only once to refer to the killing/ sacrifice of human beings (plural), a killing of children to honor Baal).

.German physicians carried out such experiments at Auschwitz, Dachau, Buchenwald, Ravensbrück, Sachsenhausen and Natzweiler concentration camps.^ Concentration Camp Dachau, 1933-1945.
  • Elmhurst College Holocaust Project and Guestship 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.elmhurst.edu [Source type: News]

^ One hundred forty Palestinian Jews died as German planes bombed their ship 1940: Rudolf Höss, adjutant at the Sachsenhausen, Germany, concentration camp, was ordered to turn the former Polish army barracks at Auschwitz, Poland, into an extermination camp.

^ Hans Frank (1900-1946) President of the German Law Academy; as Governor-General of Poland, established numerous Concentration Camps martinls .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16]
The most notorious of these physicians was Dr. Josef Mengele, who worked in Auschwitz. .His experiments included placing subjects in pressure chambers, testing drugs on them, freezing them, attempting to change eye color by injecting chemicals into children's eyes and various amputations and other brutal surgeries.^ Almost all of Mengele's experiments were of little scientific value, including attempts to change eye color by injecting chemicals into children's eyes, various amputations and other brutal surgeries, and in at least one case attempting to create artificial conjoined twins by sewing the veins of twins together.
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These included placing subjects in pressure chambers, testing various drugs on them, freezing them to death, and various other usually fatal traumas.
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Children subjected to medical experiments in Auschwitz .
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16] The full extent of his work will never be known because the truckload of records he sent to Dr. Otmar von Verschuer at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute were destroyed by von Verschuer.[17] .Subjects who survived Mengele's experiments were almost always killed and dissected shortly afterwards.^ Subjects who survived Mengele's experiments were almost always killed after the experiments for dissection.
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Almost always men do the killing.

^ On several occasions, he killed subjects simply to be able to dissect them afterwards.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Romani children in Auschwitz, victims of medical experiments
He seemed particularly keen on working with Romani children. He would bring them sweets and toys, and personally take them to the gas chamber. They would call him "Onkel Mengele".[18] Vera Alexander was a Jewish inmate at Auschwitz who looked after 50 sets of Romani twins:
.I remember one set of twins in particular: Guido and Ina, aged about four.^ This inventor was one particular "Ahasuerite"; Bondarew was not talking about "Jews" in general.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Remembering the Holocaust : This Web page is an annotated set of links to sites about the Holocaust: "The Web is an invaluable way of keeping alive the memories of the Holocaust.
  • Holocaust/Genocide Project: Links to Other Sites 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC iearn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ledeen’s “Final Solution”sounds a lot like another one I vaguely recall reading about somewhere, but I swear to Godwin I don’t remember where… .
  • Sadly, No! » Shorter Michael Ledeen 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.sadlyno.com [Source type: Original source]

.One day, Mengele took them away.^ Ian Walthew was a newspaper executive with a career that took him round the world, who one day did a mad thing.

^ In 1945, one week after V-E Day, App claimed that the atrocities that took place in the concentration camps were legally justified in accordance with the rules of warfare.
  • Holocaust Denial 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC homepages.ius.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "One day, Eric Brown dared me to ring the Monster's doorbell and run away.
  • The Holocaust@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

When they returned, they were in a terrible state: they had been sewn together, back to back, like Siamese twins. Their wounds were infected and oozing pus. .They screamed day and night.^ So they sat down with him upon the ground seven days and seven nights, and none spake a word unto him: for they saw that his grief was very great.
  • Been Thinking About » The Holocaust 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.beenthinking.org [Source type: Original source]

.Then their parents – I remember the mother's name was Stella – managed to get some morphine and they killed the children in order to end their suffering.^ List of over 700 Names of Polish men, women and children killed while helping Jews.
  • Holocaust - Find People Lost During the Holocaust - FREE People-Search Registery 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.holocaustforgotten.com [Source type: General]

^ Some German officials, and Hitler himself, objected to killing Jews of mixed heritage because they were afraid of protests by non-Jewish relatives.
  • Holocaust: Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.enotes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The T-4 Euthanasia Program was established in 1939 in order to maintain the supposed purity of the so-called Aryan race by systematically killing children and adults born with physical deformities or suffering from mental illness.
  • The Ultimate The Holocaust - American History Information Guide and Reference 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.historymania.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]

Development and execution

Origins

At 10 a.m. on .April 1, 1933, members of the Sturmabteilung moved into place all over Germany, positioning themselves outside Jewish-owned businesses to deter customers.^ And, in 1933, the Nazi Reichstag extended that control over all of Germany.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Syria reportedly prepared a list of all Jewish property to be placed in the hands of a custodian, should Israel carry out its decision to sell the property of Arab refugees.

^ Its funny Grayson should say that, because Hitler's first move in turning Germany into a fascist state was socializing health care.
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

These stormtroopers are outside Israel's Department Store in Berlin. .The signs read: "Germans!^ The sign reads "No respectable German shops here!"
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their signs read: "Germans, defend yourselves against the Jewish atrocity propaganda, buy only at German shops!"
  • Part IV - Holocaust Studies, Anti-Semitism and Related Topics 25 September 2009 1:17 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sign held by one of them reads: "Attention Germans.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Defend yourselves! .Don't buy from Jews."^ Jewish businessmen are forced to march on Bruehl Strasse, one of the main commercial streets in central Leipzig, carrying signs that read, "Don't buy from Jews.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

("Deutsche! Wehrt Euch! Kauft nicht bei Juden!")[19] The store was ransacked during Kristallnacht in 1938, then handed over to a non-Jewish family.
.Yehuda Bauer, Raul Hilberg and Lucy Dawidowicz maintained that from the Middle Ages onward, German society and culture were suffused with anti-Semitism and there was a direct link from medieval pogroms to the Nazi death camps of the 1940s.^ German bank linked to death camp .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was thought that this would bring medieval anti-Semitism to a conclusion.

[20][21][22] .Hans Küng has written that "Nazi anti-Judaism was the work of godless, anti-Christian criminals.^ His Eminence Cardinal Spellman, "Grand Protector" of the Knights of Malta, worked with Pope Pius XII to help Nazi war criminals escape justice.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But it would not have been possible without the almost two thousand years' pre-history of 'Christian' anti-Judaism..."^ Almost a third (31.3%) of those aged 18-24 said they would let their children choose their own professions without expressing a preference.

^ After a battle of almost two years Asser Levy one of the original 23 settlers was allowed to serve on guard duty.

^ For two-thousand years, we have told and retold accounts of the brutalities and banishments from countries which Jews served loyally, creatively and productively.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23] .The Nazi Party under Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany on January 30, 1933, and the persecution and exodus of Germany's 525,000 Jews began almost immediately.^ (The Nazi persecutions began in 1933.

^ Nazi timeline 1933-Jan-30 through 1947-Sep-15, plus two items on the capture of Eichmann.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hidden Holocaust: Gay and Lesbian Persecution in Germany, 1933-45 .
  • Holocaust Bibliography 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.dac.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In Mein Kampf (1925), Hitler had been open about his hatred of Jews, and gave ample warning of his intention to drive them from Germany's political, intellectual, and cultural life.^ Ben-Gurion had read Mein Kampf in 1933 and in 1934 warned that "Hitler's rule places the entire Jewish people in danger ...

^ Part cultural biography, part literary mystery, Reiss's book chronicles the life of Lev Nussimbaum (1905-42), a Jew who transformed himself into a Muslim prince and became a bestselling author in Nazi Germany.

^ He was preoccupied-occupied with rabid anti-Semitism but gave little thought to the perhaps more prevalent genteel hatred of Jews.

.He did not write that he would attempt to exterminate them, but he is reported to have been more explicit in private.^ Robert writes now: Perhaps it would have been more clear if I had said that suchlike propaganda against Germany had been "propagated" since before WW1 and continued after WW2.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Why did they use this instead of a gas more suitable for mass extermination?

^ One would hope however that you would use my criticism to improve and refine your writing so that it more accurately reflects the events about which it speaks.
  • The Holocaust and Palestine | CommonDreams.org 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

As early as 1922, he allegedly told Major Joseph Hell, at the time a journalist:
.Once I really am in power, my first and foremost task will be the annihilation of the Jews.^ "Once I really am in power, my first and foremost task will be the annihilation of the Jews" Adolf Hitler .
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'Once I really am in power, my first and foremost task will be the annihilation of the Jews.
  • Lessons from the Holocaust about Fascism 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.oilempire.us [Source type: Original source]

^ When my partner and I first walked into the museum, we went to a room, to grab a card about a real life person, who lived during the holocaust.
  • United States Holocaust Memorial Museum - Washington, DC 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

.As soon as I have the power to do so, I will have gallows built in rows – at the Marienplatz in Munich, for example – as many as traffic allows.^ As soon as I have the power to do so, I will have gallows built in rows - at the Marienplatz in Munich, for example - as many as traffic allows.
  • Lessons from the Holocaust about Fascism 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.oilempire.us [Source type: Original source]

^ On that island they built a powerful naval force and fought many naval actions.
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.Then the Jews will be hanged indiscriminately, and they will remain hanging until they stink; they will hang there as long as the principles of hygiene permit.^ Then the Jews will be hanged indiscriminately, and they will remain hanging until they stink; they will hang there as long as the principles of hygiene permit.
  • Lessons from the Holocaust about Fascism 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.oilempire.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Vandenberg, where they remained until the liberation of the Netherlands in 1944.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As of this date Jews could only leave if they had a special permit or were part of a labor group.

.As soon as they have been untied, the next batch will be strung up, and so on down the line, until the last Jew in Munich has been exterminated.^ As soon as they have been untied, the next batch will be strung up, and so on down the line, until the last Jew in Munich has been exterminated.
  • Lessons from the Holocaust about Fascism 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.oilempire.us [Source type: Original source]

^ After 450,000 Jews were sent to death camps from the Warsaw Ghetto, news of their fate led the last 60,000 to rebel (1943), fighting until they were killed, captured, or escaped to join the resistance.
  • Holocaust Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To point out how military orders passed down to the lower ranks made it proper and just to exterminate the Jews.
  • 80.06.01: The World War Ii Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other cities will follow suit, precisely in this fashion, until all Germany has been completely cleansed of Jews.^ Other cities will follow suit, precisely in this fashion, until all Germany has been completely cleansed of Jews.'
  • Lessons from the Holocaust about Fascism 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.oilempire.us [Source type: Original source]

^ The following are the countries whose Jews were deported to Treblinka (and other death camps): Austria , Belarus , Belgium , Bulgaria , Czechoslovakia, France , Greece , Yugoslavia , Germany , Poland , Russia.
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Romans followed this victory by quickly building a wall that will surround the city, cutting off all shipments of food and causing increased starvation among the Jewish defenders.

[24]

Legal repression and emigration

.Throughout the 1930s, the legal, economic, and social rights of Jews were steadily restricted.^ The laws economically and socially alienated the Jews from Nazi-controlled German society.
  • No Planes and No Gas Chambers: Holocaust Deniars push hoaxes that sabotage 9/11 truth movement 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC www.oilempire.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus in spite of the situation where the Jews did not have any legal rights what so ever, sometimes the killers respected the old tradition of not killing any women and children.
  • Women & The Holocaust - Scholarly Essays 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.theverylongview.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even today, the anti-Semite uses the word "Jew" not in religious terms, but in social, economic and political contexts.
  • Part IV - Holocaust Studies, Anti-Semitism and Related Topics 25 September 2009 1:17 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In legally defining "who is Jew", the Nazis considered anyone of Jewish descent, even the descendents of converts who converted from Judaism after January 18, 1871, (the founding of the German Empire) were still considered Jews.^ She was arrested by the Nazis in Holland when the Germans were rounding up Jews who converted to Catholicism.

^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nazis, who had swept France in a mere six weeks, could not believe that the Jews of all people were providing this kind of a fight.

.Friedländer writes that, for the Nazis, Germany drew its strength for its "purity of blood" and its "rootedness in the sacred German earth."^ At best, they were to disappear from the face of the earth, so that the Nazis could reach their goal: a Greater Germany free from Jews.
  • Part IV - Holocaust Studies, Anti-Semitism and Related Topics 25 September 2009 1:17 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ John Gunther (1901 1970), U.S. foreign correspondent, writes a best seller, Inside Europe, in which he reports of the depth and breadth of Nazi Germanys anti-Semitism.
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC faculty.ucc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although Ford later renounced his antisemitic writings, he remained an admirer of Nazi Germany and sought to keep America out of the coming war.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25] .In 1933, a series of laws were passed which contained "Aryan paragraphs" to exclude Jews from key areas: the Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service; the physicians' law; and the farm law, forbidding Jews from owning farms or taking part in agriculture.^ Hitler approved decrees banning Jews and other non-Aryans from the practice of law and from jobs in the civil service (Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service).

^ While Part 3, Section 3, Article 49 forbids individual or mass transfers from occupied territories (and is likely to raise many cries worldwide that we are violating International Law).
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Building roads is a key part of development in Afghanistan, but many projects are in remote areas plagued by insurgency.

.Jewish lawyers were disbarred, and in Dresden, Jewish lawyers and judges were dragged out of their offices and courtrooms, and beaten.^ Prosecuted by Jewish lawyers, the Rosenbergs were sentenced to death by a Jewish judge.

[26] .At the insistence of then president Hindenburg, Hitler added an exemption allowing Jewish civil servants who were veterans of the first world war, or whose fathers or sons had served, to remain in office.^ The First World War was also the first modern conflict.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During World War I, the British army employs tanks for one of the first times in the Middle East in an attempt to defeat the Turks at Gaza.

^ Robert Wolfe, a retired archivist for the National Archives who served as a consultant on the book, believes IBM's actions during World War II "foreshadow what international corporations do today.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.(Hindenburg was disturbed that people who had fought and bled for Germany would be forced from their state jobs.^ As you seem to readily agree: Robert had written: ))And how would the state decide who is "extremist" except through political processes?
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thousands of Jews who had fought in the French Foreign Legion against Germany in 1940 are deported to slave-labor camps in the Sahara to build railroads.

^ He then said, "Those people [Jews in general] are not to blame, but Reform started in Germany, those who changed the religion began in Germany.

) .Hitler revoked this exemption in 1937. Jews were excluded from schools and universities, (Law to prevent overcrowding in schools) and from belonging to the Journalists' Association, or from being owners or editors of newspapers .^ Its schools and universities provide increasing numbers of local and neighboring peoples with instruction.Rule of law is observed and corruption hardly exists.

^ Because a compulsory education law was in effect, Jewish enrollment in primary schools was not limited for the time being.

^ The Law against the Overcrowding of German Schools and Institutions of Higher Learning set a Jewish quota of 1.5 percent of high-school and university enrollment, and stipulated a limit of 5-percent Jewish enrollment in any single school.

[25] The Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung of April 27, 1933 wrote:
.A self-respecting nation cannot, on a scale accepted up to now, leave its higher activities in the hands of people of racially foreign origin … Allowing the presence of too high a percentage of people of foreign origin in relation to their percentage in the general population could be interpreted as an acceptance of the superiority of other races, something decidedly to be rejected.^ And this when we have already established that large British book retailers, high street or web based, receive generous terms from publishers giving them already a large percentage of the available profit.

^ Not directly related to Israel but I cannot pass up a gratuitous shot at Our Friends the French (TM).
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A *feeling* of )superiority toward others might not be actual )hatred, but can be something close to it.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[27]
1935: Nazi definition of Jew, Mischling, and German and legal consequences as per the Nuremberg Laws, simplified in a 1935 chart
.In 1935, Hitler introduced the Nuremberg Laws, which: prohibited Jews from marrying Aryans, annulled existing marriages between Jews and Aryans (the Law for the protection of German blood and German honor,) prohibited Jews from serving as civil servants, stripped German Jews of their citizenship and deprived them of all civil rights.^ However, it is an act very much protected by the unenumerated rights clause of of the tenth amendment, and is rightly legal in the absence of local law to the contrary.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The blood relation between birth parent and child and all the rights and responsibilities it confers are sacrosanct and cannot be imitated in Islamic law.

^ That book, The Transfer Agreement , Lipstadt explained, "made the argument that there was a secret agreement between Hitler and the Zionists to transfer Jews' funds to Palestine.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In his speech introducing the laws, Hitler said that if the "Jewish problem" cannot be solved by these laws, it "must then be handed over by law to the National-Socialist Party for a final solution (Endlösung)."[28] .The expression "Endlösung" became the standard Nazi euphemism for the extermination of the Jews.^ If the Jews of Europe were not exterminated by the Nazis, what happened to them?

^ To whether the Nazis tried to exterminate the Jews.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Not the program of the Nazis to exterminate the Jews.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.In January 1939, he said in a public speech: "If international-finance Jewry inside and outside Europe should succeed once more in plunging the nations into yet another world war, the consequences will not be the Bolshevization of the earth and thereby the victory of Jewry, but the annihilation (vernichtung) of the Jewish race in Europe."^ SUBJECT (S): World War, 1939-1945 Jewish resistance; Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) Jewish resistance.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "It is of no importance whether Hitler had already thought of it in 1939, 1938 or 1940," Bauer adds (after all, in his speech before the Reichstag on January 30, 1939, Hitler "prophesied" that "if international Jewish finance inside and outside Europe should succeed in plunging the nations once more into a world war, the result will not be the bolshevization of the earth and thereby the victory of Jewry, but the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe").

^ The government and people of the Zionist state, he says, are basing themselves on "the genocidal texts of the Bible" (79) and may well decide to commit national suicide and final destruction of the planet by plunging the world into nuclear war.
  • Partners in Hate: Chomsky and the Holocaust Deniers 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC www.wernercohn.com [Source type: Original source]

[29]
Jewish intellectuals were among the first to leave. The philosopher Walter Benjamin left for Paris on March 18, 1933. Novelist Leon Feuchtwanger went to Switzerland. The conductor Bruno Walter fled after being told that the hall of the Berlin Philharmonic would be burned down if he conducted a concert there: the Frankfurter Zeitung explained on April 6 that Walter and fellow conductor Otto Klemperer had been forced to flee because the government was unable to protect them against the "mood" of the German public, which had been provoked by "Jewish artistic liquidators."[30] .Albert Einstein was visiting the U.S. on January 30, 1933. He returned to Ostende in Belgium, never to set foot in Germany again, and calling events there a "psychic illness of the masses"; he was expelled from the Kaiser Wilhelm Society and the Prussian Academy of Sciences, and his citizenship was rescinded.^ Once you set foot on that "slippery slope", there's no telling how far you'll slide.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In his book Mass Psychology of Fascism (1933), Wilhelm Reich also tried to explain this obedience.
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ KWG (Kaiser Wilhelm-Gesellschaft): The Kaiser Wilhelm Society for the Advancement of the Sciences, which was dissolved after WW II and reconstructed as the MPG, the Max-Plank-Gesellschaft, which had a similar structure.

[31] .Saul Friedländer writes that when Max Liebermann, honorary president of the Prussian Academy of Arts, resigned his position, not one of his colleagues expressed a word of sympathy, and he died ostracized two years later.^ After a battle of almost two years Asser Levy one of the original 23 settlers was allowed to serve on guard duty.

^ She mailed her first catalogue two years later.

^ Two years later, at the Munich Academy, he asserted his Jewishness by doing a powerful life-size portrait of Moses in a toga, holding the Tablets of the Law, his first ''invented'' painting aside from portraiture.

.When the police arrived in 1943 with a stretcher to deport his 85-year-old bedridden widow, she committed suicide with an overdose of barbiturates rather than be taken.^ "He bumbles a lot, but he's a lot cleverer than you think," said Lizzie Vines, a 50-year-old Devon farmer.

^ Police are waiting for autopsy results, due early next week, to determine without a doubt that it is the missing 52-year-old.

^ Most jarring for 39-year-old Andrew Axelrod of Phoenix, Ariz., were the color movies taken by Allied armies as they liberated the camps.

[31]

Kristallnacht (1938)

Berlin's Fasanenstrasse synagogue after Kristallnacht, November 9–10, 1938.
.On November 7, 1938, Jewish minor Herschel Grünspan assassinated Nazi German diplomat Ernst vom Rath in Paris.^ In Paris on November 7, 1938, a frantic Jewish refugee named Herschel Grynszpan shot and killed a minor German diplomat named Ernst von Rath.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This past November NBC News reported that Chase Manhattan's French branch froze Jewish accounts at the request of German occupation authorities.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In July 1938, four months after the German annexation of Austria, he accepted the highest medal that Nazi Germany could bestow on a foreigner, the Grand Cross of the German Eagle.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .This incident was used by the Nazis to initiate the transition from legal repression to large-scale outright violence against Jewish Germans.^ Torquemada, the director of the Inquisition (and incidentally of Jewish descent), defended this against Don Isaac Abarbanel.

^ The gas vans played a significant part in convincing Nazi bureaucrats that large-scale and more "efficient" killing was feasible.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Anyone with a passing knowledge of German history knows that phrases like that were used in propaganda by the Nazis and for decades before them by their antisemitic forebears.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[32] .What the Nazis claimed to be spontaneous "public outrage", was a concerted action of Nazi party and SA members and affiliates, who after a Joseph Goebbels hate speech started mass pogroms throughout Nazi Germany, then consisting of Germany proper, Austria and Sudetenland.^ Kielce's real claim to fame is that on July 4, 1946, the returning Jews were subjected to "an old-fashioned Nazi Pogrom" complete with tales of the blood libel.

^ In this circle of initiates was also Hans Frank, a lawyer member of the Nazi party and future governor-general of Poland, who at that time was involved with a society for heraldic and genealogical research, headed by Dr. W. Daumenlang.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two years later, Ford of Germany rehired Schmidt--who had been arrested and briefly held by US troops at the war's end--after he wrote a letter to Dearborn in which he insisted that he had fervently hated the Nazis.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .The progroms became known as Reichskristallnacht ("the Night of Broken Glass", literally "Crystal Night"), or November pogroms.^ The night of November 9-10, 1938, is remembered in history as Kristallnacht, or the "Night of Shattered Glass."
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .Jews were attacked and Jewish property was vandalized,[32] over 7,000 Jewish shops and 1,668 synagogues (almost every synagogue in Germany) were damaged or destroyed.^ Biting Holocaust-era Jewish critique of German racial policies SUBJECT (S): Antisemitism Germany; Germany ethnic relations; National socialism; Jews Germany.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ April 10 In Jewish History 1096: In Trier, Germany, after being attacked by a mob and threatened with death, Bishop Egelbert offered to save all Jews who are willing to be baptized.

^ SUBJECT (S): Jew, German United States intellectual life; Refugees, Jewish United States; Political refugees United States; United States ethnic relations; United States emigration and immigration; Germany emigration and immigration; United States civilization Jewish influences.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The death toll is assumed to be much higher than the official number of 91 dead.^ Deaths from the "area bombing" of civilian targets might well be considered to be "murders", but my impression is that the Allies did much more of that kind of "murder" than did the Germans.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm uncertain about how "large" that number was, especially in relation to the much "larger" number of total deaths in that war and in politically inspired slaughters of modern times.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Luckily, antisemitism is much less prevalent here than it is in Europe (both Old and New, BTW), for a number of reasons.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[32] .30,000[33] were sent to concentration camps, including Dachau, Sachsenhausen,[32] Buchenwald,[32] and Oranienburg concentration camp,[34] where they were kept for several weeks.^ Concentration Camp Dachau, 1933-1945.
  • Elmhurst College Holocaust Project and Guestship 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.elmhurst.edu [Source type: News]

^ In order to refute the arguments of Holocaust deniers, members of the 103rd Infantry Division Association wrote brief recollections of when they liberated concentration camps at Landsberg and Dachau.
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Speaking in Yiddish to the nearly 5,000 people who were present, Rabbi Israel Lau, the chief rabbi of Tel Aviv, told of his liberation as an 8-year-old boy from the Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald in Germany.

[34] and released when they could either prove that they were about to emigrate in the near future, or after property transfers to the Nazis.[32] .The German Jewry was collectively made responsible for restitution of the material damage of the pogrom, amounting to several hundreds of thousand Reichsmark, and furthermore had to pay collectively an "atonement tax" of more than a billion Reichsmark.^ Deaths from the "area bombing" of civilian targets might well be considered to be "murders", but my impression is that the Allies did much more of that kind of "murder" than did the Germans.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ SAS troops already in Iraq Michael Smith in the Telegraph reports Several thousand allied special forces, including more than 300 SAS personnel, are already operating inside Iraq.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Channel 5 has no drama to speak of and Channel 4 want much more edgy material than this.

[32]
.After these pogroms, Jewish emigration from Nazi Germany accelerated, while public Jewish life in Germany ceased to exist.^ If the Zionists were to finalize a merchandise-based pact with Nazi Germany, then Jewish Palestine would be in violation of the boycott and its products and fundraising declared untouchable.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was also the first article in an important American Jewish publication to employ "Holocaust" in a title and the first to use "h/Holocaust" as the dominant referent to the Nazi Judeocide within a text.

^ Amis writes of an Islamist "death-hunger," comparable "outside Africa" only to what existed in Nazi Germany and Stalinite Kampuchea.

[32]

Early measures in German occupied Poland

.The question of the treatment of the Jews became an urgent one for the Nazis after September 1939, when they invaded the western half of Poland, home to about two million Jews.^ Poland's three and a half million Jews have already been done to death ...

^ Hitler complained about the black market and subversive activities of Hungarian Jews and then made the following comment: "They have thoroughly put an end to these conditions in Poland.

^ This enabled the Croat government to enact the Nazi inspired plan for the treatment of the Jews.

.The pre-war Second Polish Republic had been split between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, in the preceding Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.^ SUBJECT (S): World War, 1939-1945 Soviet Union; Soviet Union relations United States; United States relations Soviet Union.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The impulse to start the construction of the camp came from the Dutch authorities themselves in the years preceding the Second World War to provide housing, shelter and a solution for Jewish refugees fleeing the horrors of Nazi-Germany.

^ This agreement meant that the Soviets did not have to worry about war with Japan so it could focus all of its attention on defeating the Nazis.

.Of the German share of Poland, the northwestern parts were annexed, while the southeastern parts were made the Generalgouvernement led by Hans Frank.^ Hans Frank (1900-1946) President of the German Law Academy; as Governor-General of Poland, established numerous Concentration Camps martinls .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The "euthanasia" programs of organized murder began in medicine and ultimately led to the program of mass extermination in the death camps of German occupied Poland [4] .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This came as part of the Nazification of Austria after the Germans annexed Hitler's homeland.

.The invasion led Britain, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa, and France to declare war - World War II had started.^ Safe haven locations included the US, Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the favourite bolt hole of them all: South America.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following Hitler's 1939 invasion of Poland, which set off World War II, German Ford became one of the largest suppliers of vehicles to the Wehrmacht (the German Army).
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She performed for American troops during World War II. She was one of the first entertainers to go to Europe after the war to perform for Jewish refugees.

.Himmler's right-hand man, Reinhard Heydrich, recommended concentrating all the Polish Jews in ghettos in major cities, where they would be put to work for the German war industry.^ They wanted to kill all the Jews.

^ If you're still milking cows by hand maybe you would want to use the money to put in a new system."

^ It'd take a few weeks to change all the ) signage and letterhead etc., but it would put the information that is ) needed ) out there in a big hurry.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.The ghettos would be in cities located on railway junctions, so that, in Heydrich's words, "future measures can be accomplished more easily."^ Reinhard Heydrich (1904 1942) holds a conference in Berlin of his Einsatzgruppen chiefs and directs them, as the first prerequisite of the ultimate aim, which is to be kept a total secret, to clear Jews out of western Poland, concentrate them in ghettoes in larger cities, and near railway junctions or along a railway so that future measures may be accomplished more easily.
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC faculty.ucc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If it's an item of international readership, then that of course )would be more easily obtainable for the purpose of reading.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "The mostly likely explanation for the word ghetto, as applied to a special place assigned to the Jews is that one such district, set up in the city of Venice, was located near an iron-foundry which was called ‘get’ in the dialect of Venice."

[35] During his interrogation in 1961, Adolf Eichmann testified that the expression "future measures" was understood to mean "physical extermination."[35]
I ask nothing of the Jews except that they should disappear.
.

Hans Frank, Nazi governor of Poland.^ In this circle of initiates was also Hans Frank, a lawyer member of the Nazi party and future governor-general of Poland, who at that time was involved with a society for heraldic and genealogical research, headed by Dr. W. Daumenlang.

  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hans Frank (1900-1946) President of the German Law Academy; as Governor-General of Poland, established numerous Concentration Camps martinls .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36]
German policemen tormenting a Jew in Rzeszów, Poland.
.In September, Himmler appointed Reinhard Heydrich head of the Reich Security Head Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt or RSHA, not be to confused with the RuSHA), a body overseeing the work of the SS, the Security Police (SD), and the Gestapo in occupied Poland and charged with carrying out the policy towards the Jews described in Heydrich's report.^ For the change in the New York Times annual indexes see the subheading "Nazi Policies Toward Jews and Foreign Nationalities."

^ The Nazis also put Schmidt in charge of overseeing Ford plants in occupied Belgium, Holland and Vichy France.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the massacre, a Lithuanian policeman was wounded by Jews and an SS sergeant was hospitalized after being stabbed in the back and in the head.

.The first organized murders of Jews by German forces occurred during Operation Tannenberg and through Selbstschutz units.^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Pastor Martin Niemöller, one of the foremost leaders of the German opposition forces to Hitler, preached that it is unfortunate that God permitted Jesus to be born a Jew.

^ The Einsatzgruppen Units (special squads assigned to murder Jews) with the help of the local population took part in what was to date, the worst "ethnic cleansing" of the war.

.Later, the Jews were herded into ghettos, mostly in the General Government area of central Poland, where they were put to work under the Reich Labor Office headed by Fritz Saukel.^ The Jews of Warsaw have been herded into the Ghetto.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hitler complained about the black market and subversive activities of Hungarian Jews and then made the following comment: "They have thoroughly put an end to these conditions in Poland.

^ Five thousand Jews being taken from Auschwitz and marched to Belsen were herded into a barn.

.Here many thousands were killed in various ways, and many more died of disease, starvation, and exhaustion, but there was still no program of systematic killing.^ Then there's the "There were no gas chambers" thing, or a variant, "They died of disease and hardship."
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no easy way to achieve that.
  • Elie Wiesel: First Person Singular . Resources | PBS 25 September 2009 1:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then there's the "There were no gas chambers" thing, or a )variant, "They died of disease and hardship."
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.There is no doubt, however, that the Nazis saw forced labor as a form of extermination.^ There is no doubt about it.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But there were no extermination of blacks.
  • Why did the Holocaust happen? - alt.religion.scientology | Google Groups 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were 2 main Labor / Extermination Camps : .
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The expression Vernichtung durch Arbeit ("destruction through work") was frequently used.^ The Gates to Hell: The infamous and cynical sign "ARBEIT  MACHT  FREI," in translation "WORK  MAKES  ONE  FREE" in actuality meant to the Nazis "EXTERMINATION  THROUGH  WORK." .
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although it was clear by 1941 that the SS hierarchy, led by Himmler, was determined to embark on a policy of killing all the Jews under German control, there were important centers of opposition to this policy within the Nazi regime.^ This is just for Jews, not for all victims of the Nazis.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They wanted to kill all the Jews.

^ Nazi's killing of Jews.

The grounds for the opposition were mainly economic, not humanitarian. .Hermann Göring, who had overall control of the German war industry, and the German army's Economics Department, representing the armaments industry, argued that the enormous Jewish labor force assembled in the General Government area (more than a million able-bodied workers) was an asset too valuable to waste while Germany was preparing to invade the Soviet Union.^ The German goods were purchased with frozen Jewish assets held in Germany.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford of Germany prospered during the Nazi years, especially with the economic boom brought on by World War II. Sales increased by more than half between 1938 and 1943, and, according to a US government report found at the National Archives, the value of the German subsidiary more than doubled during the course of the war.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Government run health care will kill many more than our current system.
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

Early measures in other occupied countries

.When Nazi Germany occupied Norway, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, and France in 1940, and Yugoslavia and Greece in 1941, anti-Semitic measures were also introduced into these countries, although the pace and severity varied greatly from country to country according to local political circumstances.^ The case for the full and equal participation of Israel in WEOG meetings at the Commission must be made immediately to WEOG states namely: Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, and the United States.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A church leader posed with a political opponent of a state run by Jews, therefore his church is anti-Semitic."
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anti-Semitic outbreaks in the countryside combined with the efforts of these political leaders blocked attempts to grant the Jews full rights of citizenship.

.Jews were removed from economic and cultural life and were subject to various restrictive laws, but physical deportation did not occur in most places before 1942. The Vichy regime in occupied France actively collaborated in persecuting French Jews.^ SUBJECT (S): Jews intellectual life congresses.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SUBJECT (S): Jews persecutions Greece; Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) Greece; Jewish epitaphs Greece Thessalonike; Epitaphs Greece Thessalonike.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SUBJECT (S): Jews persecution Lithuania Vilnius; World War, 1939-1945 Jewish resistance Lithuania; Kovner, Abba, 1918- -- correspondence.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Germany's allies Italy, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Finland were pressured to introduce antisemitic measures, but for the most part they did not comply until compelled to do so.^ In conclusion, I argue that the Holocaust could affect and did affect women and men in different age groups and in different parts of Hungary in different ways and that the experiences were sometimes shaped by gender.
  • Women & The Holocaust - Scholarly Essays 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.theverylongview.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most frequently cited rationales (93%+) found in Table 8 were the importance of the topic, that it was already part of the curriculum, and that they had a personal interest in the subject.
  • The State of Holocaust Education in Illinois - by Jeffrey Ellison & John Pisapia 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.ideajournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For them to go back to Poland, Hungary, Germany made no sense, nor did they want to go.
  • Impact of the Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC sandrawilliams.org [Source type: Original source]

.The German puppet regime in Croatia, on the other hand, began actively persecuting Jews on its own initiative.^ It is worthwhile, then, to see what other claims about Jews appear in this early programmtic article by the "Initiate" Hall.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nuclear weapons in the hands of either regime not only pose a threat in their own right but also increase the chances of a destabilizing arms race, the report says.

^ In this case riots began in Jaffe resulting in the death of forty Jews and the wounding two hundred others.

[citation needed]

Resettlement and deportation to colonies and reservations

Madagascar and similar plans

.Before the war, the Nazis had thought of mass resettlements of the German (and subsequently the European) Jewry to areas outside Europe.^ Anyone with a passing knowledge of German history knows that phrases like that were used in propaganda by the Nazis and for decades before them by their antisemitic forebears.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is now within modern history a compartment of holocaust studies dealing with the wholesale destruction by the Nazis of European Jewry.

^ This New Yorker series was the first meaningful attempt in a prestigious non-Jewish American magazine to grapple with the Nazi destruction of European Jewry.

.Because Germany had lost her colonies in World War I, diplomatic efforts were undertaken to negotiate arrangements with the colonial powers, primarily the United Kingdom and France.^ In the fourth and final phase of the war, France took advantage of the Empire's weakness in order to make certain that it would not become a kingdom of the Habsburgs.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ford argues that company headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan, lost control of its German plant after the United States entered the war in 1941.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dearborn maintained its communication with Ford of France well after the United States entered the war.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37] .These efforts included plans to resettle Jews to British Palestine,[38] Italian Abyssinia,[38] British Guinea,[39] British Rhodesia,[39] French Madagascar,[38] and Australia.^ Anti-Semitic outbreaks in the countryside combined with the efforts of these political leaders blocked attempts to grant the Jews full rights of citizenship.

^ This decree became the basis for the infamous Code Noir the Black Code which forbade Jews to live in French colonies in the New world including in 1724 the colony of Louisiana.

^ A number of Jews, including Jules Moch and Leopold See, attained high rank in the French army.

[40]
Plans to reclaim former German colonies like Tanganyika and South West Africa as a place to resettle Jews were halted by Adolf Hitler, who argued that no place where "so much blood of heroic Germans had been spilled" should be made available as a residence for the "worst enemies of the Germans".[41]
Of the envisioned resettlement areas, Madagascar was the most seriously discussed. .While Jews had been murdered on mass scale since 1939, in 1940 some Nazis considered eliminating Jews by the unrealistic Madagascar Plan which, however futile, in retrospect did constitute an important psychological step on the path to the Holocaust.^ Holocaust: the mass murder of the Jews by the Nazis in the war of 1939-1945.

^ Like "the Holocaust," ha - shoah , unmodified, can refer to the Nazi mass murder of Jews or the Nazi mass murder of both Jews and non-Jews.

^ Some of them did attempt to negotiate with various Nazi functionaries during the holocaust, which is what Mason's confused formulation below refers to.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[42] .The planning was carried out by Eichmann's office; Heydrich called it a "territorial final solution". The plan was to ship all European Jews to Madagascar.^ One plan involved )shipping the Jews of Europe to Madagascar.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One plan involved shipping the Jews of Europe to Madagascar.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The subject was the organisation of the 'Final Solution', the destruction of all 11 million European Jews.

.In view of the difficulties of supporting more population in the General Gouvernment in July 1940, Hitler, still hoping for success with the Madagascar plan, stopped the deportation of Jews there.^ One plan involved )shipping the Jews of Europe to Madagascar.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thousands of Jews who had fought in the French Foreign Legion against Germany in 1940 are deported to slave-labor camps in the Sahara to build railroads.

^ There was more than a little truth to the Turkish view of things.

[43] .This was temporary, however, as the military situation offered no possibility to conquer Britain.^ With all the concern about the weather, closed roads and schools; no one was concerned about the possible War with Iraq or the 'situation' with the 'Palestinians' or the Economy, for a moment.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

The plan may have been foreseen as a remote and slower genocide through the unfavorable conditions on the island.[44] Although the Final Solution was already in place and Jews were being exterminated, the formal declaration of the Plan's end was abandoned on February 10, 1942, when the German Foreign Office was given an official explanation that due to the war with the Soviet Union Jews are going to be "sent to the east".[45]

General Government and Lublin reservation (Nisko plan)

.On September 28, 1939, Germany gained control over the Lublin area through the German-Soviet agreement in exchange for Lithuania.^ Germany granted the Soviet Union a merchandise credit of 200 million Reichsmarks (worth billions of dollars in today's terms), to be financed by the German Golddiskontbank.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BIS, Basle, May 1997 Note on Gold Operations involving Bank for International Settlements and the German Reichsbank, 1st September, 1939 - 8th May, 1945 .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ America's declaration of war on Germany in December 1941 made it illegal for U.S. motor companies to have any contact with their subsidiaries on German-controlled territory.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46] .According to the Nisko Plan, they set up the Lublin-Lipowa Reservation in the area.^ At Rhodes they set up a military dictatorship and for the first time were a sovereign territory.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I wonder if those folks have paid up on the bet they lost with PLANS and Peter Staudenmaier?
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ More than 450 were needed for this work daily, but the unemployed were reluctant to accept such jobs since the payment was set up according to production norms.

.The reservation was designated by Adolf Eichmann, who was assigned the task of removing all Jews from Germany, Austria and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.^ For all those who like to talk about greedy Jews, considering the following.

^ The Nazis, who had swept France in a mere six weeks, could not believe that the Jews of all people were providing this kind of a fight.

^ It is calculated that Germany began the war with reserves in the Reichsbank of around $208m, of which some $97m represented gold already stolen from Austria, Czechoslovakia and Danzig.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[47] .They shipped the first Jews to Lublin less than three weeks later on October 18, 1939. The first train loads consisted of Jews deported from Austria and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.^ This coming August - if I make it - will be the third anniversary of our time here, and the first time since I was seven when I will have lived, more or less continually, in exactly the same spot for more than three calendar years.

^ The post in question is from less than three weeks ago and has not been archived at the PLANS site yet; it currently resides at topica, where all posts can be read by anybody, just like her own posts at yahoo.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Less than three weeks after the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia in March 1939, GM Chairman Alfred P. Sloan defended this strategy as sound business practice, given the fact that the company's German operations were "highly profitable."
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[48] .By January 30, 1940, historians estimate a total of 78,000 Jews had been deported to Lublin from Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia.^ It is calculated that Germany began the war with reserves in the Reichsbank of around $208m, of which some $97m represented gold already stolen from Austria, Czechoslovakia and Danzig.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to reports, 2,000 Jews being deported to Sobibor attacked their guards.

^ Only 200-300 of formerly 40,000 Lublin Jews survived in hiding or were finally liberated in several concentration camps.

[49] .On 12 and February 13, 1940, the Pomeranian Jews were deported to the Lublin reservation, resulting in Pomeranian Gauleiter Franz Schwede-Coburg to be the first to declare his Gau "judenrein" ("free of Jews").^ A Jewish-led boycott of the port of Acona marked the first community-wide effort by "free" Jews, since the beginning of the Diaspora, to hit back at their enemies.

^ Kistarcsa, Hungary, was the site of the first deportation of Jews from Hungary to Birkenau Concentration Camp.

^ Thousands of Jews who had fought in the French Foreign Legion against Germany in 1940 are deported to slave-labor camps in the Sahara to build railroads.

[50] .On March 24, 1940 Hermann Göring put a hold on the Nisko Plan, and by the end of April, abandoned it entirely.^ Beyond the bloodshed, the booby-trapped cars and the bombs, we continue to hold out our hands for peace in order to put an end to the suffering.

^ Reprinted from Contemporary Jewish Record, March-April, 1940.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51] .By the time the Nisko Plan was stopped, the total number of Jews who had been transported to Nisko had reached 95,000, many of whom had died due to starvation.^ Some claim as many as 5,000 Jews left Recife at this time.

^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Most of the dead were Jews, a large number of whom appeared to be between the ages of fourteen and sixteen 1948: Birthdate of Ellen Goodman.

[52]
.During 1940 and 1941, the murder of large numbers of Jews in German occupied Poland continued, and the deportation of Jews were deported to the General Gouvernment was undertaken.^ Hans Frank (1900-1946) President of the German Law Academy; as Governor-General of Poland, established numerous Concentration Camps martinls .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, growing numbers of Jews voluntarily moved to purely Jewish settings by 1938, when they were totally barred from general institutions.

.The deportation of Jews from Germany, particularly Berlin, was not officially completed until 1943. (Many Berlin Jews were able to survive in hiding.^ Among the marchers was Norman Frejman, 72, of Florida, who as a child survived the Warsaw Ghetto, deportation to the Majdanek death camp and slave labor in Germany.

^ SS officials in the Ukraine informed authorities in Berlin that the Crimea is judenrein (purged of Jews).

^ Only 200-300 of formerly 40,000 Lublin Jews survived in hiding or were finally liberated in several concentration camps.

) .By December 1939, 3.5 million Jews were crowded into the General Government area.^ Jan 25 - Diary entry by Hans Frank, Gauleiter of Poland, concerning the fate of 2.5 million Jews originally under his jurisdiction - "At the present time we still have in the General Government perhaps 100,000 Jews."
  • Holocaust Timeline 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.torahtots.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While this bibliography has been divided into many subject areas, it is acknowledged that many of the entries cross several categories, especially the works in the "General Overview" section.
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Third Bibliography 18 September 2009 6:52 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While this bibliography has been divided into many subject areas, it is acknowledged that many of the entries cross several categories, especially the works in the "general overview" section.
  • Holocaust Denial Literature: A Bibliography 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC www.york.cuny.edu [Source type: Academic]

Concentration and labor camps (1933–1945)

Major concentration and extermination camps: Auschwitz, Belzec, Bergen-Belsen, Chełmno, Dachau, Flossenbürg, Grini, Jasenovac, Klooga, Majdanek, Maly Trostinets, Mauthausen-Gusen, Ravensbrück, and Treblinka
Nazi concentration camp badges: Black triangle, Pink triangle, Purple triangle, and Yellow badge
April 12, 1945: Lager Nordhausen, where 20,000 inmates are believed to have died.
.Leading up to the 1933 elections, the Nazis began intensifying acts of violence to wreak havoc among the opposition.^ (The Nazi persecutions began in 1933.

^ While gradually intensifying the acts of violence to wreak havoc among the opposition leading up to the 1933 elections, the Nazis set up concentration centers within Germany, many of which were established by local authorities, to hold, torture, or kill political prisoners and "undesirables" like outspoken journalists and communists.
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They died "in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era," this is a lead-up to "but maybe not because of a specific Nazi plan."
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.With the cooperation of local authorities, they set up camps as concentration centers within Germany.^ Who set up the first concentration camps, and where and when?

^ Starting in 1933, the Nazis set up concentration camps within Germany, many of which were established by local authorities, to hold political prisoners and "undesirables".
  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While gradually intensifying the acts of violence to wreak havoc among the opposition leading up to the 1933 elections, the Nazis set up concentration centers within Germany, many of which were established by local authorities, to hold, torture, or kill political prisoners and "undesirables" like outspoken journalists and communists.
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One of the first was Dachau, which opened in March 1933. These early camps were meant to hold, torture, or kill only political prisoners, such as Communists and Social Democrats.^ The code D4 meant a prisoner had been killed.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thousands of Jewish prisoners had been marched from other camps to Buchenwald in early 1945.

^ I don't recall discussing politics as such with him, but Lochmann being an Anthroposophist, I would assume that he is (basically, in the most important ways) a good social threefolder.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[53]
.These early prisons – usually basements and storehouses – were eventually consolidated into full-blown, centrally run camps outside the cities.^ These early prisons - usually basements and storehouses - were eventually consolidated into full-blown, centrally run camps outside of the cities and somewhat removed from the public eye.

^ These early concentration camps were eventually consolidated into centrally run camps, and by 1939, six large concentration camps, located in Poland, had been established.
  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These early prisons—usually basements and storehouses—were eventually consolidated into full-blown, centrally run camps outside of the cities and somewhat removed from the public eye.
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By 1942, six large extermination camps had been established in Nazi-occupied Poland.^ In May - In occupied Poland, Sobibor extermination camp becomes operational.
  • Holocaust Timeline 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.torahtots.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Majdanek, one of six Nazi Extermination Centers in Poland More on Majdanek Concentration Camp .
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By 1939, six large concentration camps, located in Nazi-occupied Poland, had been established.
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[53] .After 1939, the camps increasingly became places where Jews and POWs were either killed or forced to live as slave laborers, undernourished and tortured.^ After 1939, with the beginning of the Second World War, the concentration camps increasingly became places where the non-political enemies of the Nazis, including Jews and POWs, were either killed or forced to act as slave laborers, and kept undernourished and tortured.
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After 1939, with the beginning of the Second World War, the concentration camps increasingly became places where the enemies of the Nazis, including Jews and POWs, were either killed or forced to act as slave laborers, and kept undernourished and tortured.
  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1942, Sonia, her brother and one sister were deported to the Skarzysko-Kamienna forced labor camp.
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[54] .It is estimated that the Germans established 15,000 camps in the occupied countries, many of them in Poland.^ The camp at Ravensbrck, located some 70 km from Berlin, was the largest of the German prison camps for women and more than 65,000 of the estimated 130,000 women imprisoned there were either starved to death or murdered.
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^ The Germans deported Jews from all over occupied Europe to extermination camps in Poland, where they were systematically killed, and also to concentration camps, where they were used for forced labor.
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^ Hans Frank (1900-1946) President of the German Law Academy; as Governor-General of Poland, established numerous Concentration Camps martinls .
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[55][56]
.New camps were focused on areas with large Jewish, Polish intelligentsia, communist, or Roma and Sinti populations, including inside Germany.^ During the War, concentration camps for Jews and other "undesirables" were spread throughout Europe, with new camps being created near centers of dense "undesirable" populations, often focusing on areas with large Jewish, Polish intelligentsia, communist, or Roma & Sinti (Gypsy) populations.

^ During the War, concentration camps for Jews and other "undesirables" were spread throughout Europe, with new camps being created near centers of dense "undesirable" populations, often focusing on areas with large Jewish, Polish intelligentsia, communist, or Roma populations.
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^ During the War, concentration camps for Jews and other "undesirables" were spread throughout Europe, with new camps being created near centers of dense "undesirable" populations, often focusing on areas with large Jewish, Polish intelligentsia, communist, or Roma and Sinti (Gypsy) populations.
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The transportation of prisoners was often carried out under horrifying conditions using rail freight cars, in which many died before reaching their destination.^ The transportation of prisoners was often carried out under horrifying conditions using rail freight cars, in which many died before they reached their destination.
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  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As they dug a grave for one of their fellow inmates, detainees in Democratic Republic of Congo's Bunia Central Prison decided to use the occasion to protest against appalling conditions in the jail, where many have died of disease, and riots and escapes are common.
  • http://www.terrorismcentral.com/Newsletters/2007/021807.html 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.terrorismcentral.com [Source type: News]

^ After so many years of living under relatively peaceful and prosperous conditions, they found it hard to believe that their position and lifestyle could be threatened.
  • Impact of the Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC sandrawilliams.org [Source type: Original source]

.Extermination through labour, a means whereby camp inmates would literally be worked to death – or frequently worked until they could no longer perform work tasks, followed by their selection for extermination – was invoked as a further systematic extermination policy.^ G-d speed them on the work which they have volunteered to perform!

^ She bled badly, and on the train to the Majdanek death camp she covered her wounds with leaves for fear the Nazis would kill her because she would die soon anyway.

^ I was served tea at the home of a man who was in the work camp (depicted in Schindler's List) where the commandant shot at the inmates for target practice.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.Furthermore, while not designed as a method for systematic extermination, many camp prisoners died because of harsh overall conditions or from executions carried out on a whim after being allowed to live for days or months.^ Say it plain: that many have died for this day.

^ Concentration camps also existed in Germany itself, and while not specifically designed for systematic extermination, many concentration camp prisoners died because of harsh conditions or were executed.
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^ During Operation Barbarossa , the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, hundreds of thousands (if not millions) of Red Army prisoners of war were arbitrarily executed in the field by the invading German armies (in particular by the notorious Waffen SS ), died under inhuman conditions in German prisoner-of-war camps, or were shipped to extermination camps for execution simply because they were of Slavic extraction.
  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Upon admission, some camps tattooed prisoners with a prisoner ID.[57] Those fit for work were dispatched for 12 to 14 hour shifts.^ For those two years, she represented labor's voice on the board, working to see that wage and hour provisions of the NRA codes treated workers fairly.

^ It was estimated that nearly 57,000 prisoners (mostly Jews) perished in the gas chambers of Buchenwald during its eight-year existence as a Nazi concentration camp.

.Before and after, there were roll calls that could sometimes last for hours, with prisoners regularly dying of exposure.^ The week before he died, Einstein wrote to Bertrand Russell joining him in call for all nations to give up nuclear weapons.

^ Anne Frank died there in March, 1945, a month before the camp was liberated by the allies.

^ The transportation of prisoners was often carried out under horrifying conditions using rail freight cars, in which many died before they reached their destination.
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  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[58]

Ghettos (1940–1945)

Main ghettos: Kraków Ghetto, Łódź Ghetto, Lwów Ghetto, Warsaw Ghetto, Vilna Ghetto and Riga ghetto
A child dying in the streets of the Warsaw Ghetto
.After the invasion of Poland, the German Nazis established ghettos in which Jews and some Romani were confined, until they were eventually shipped to death camps to be murdered.^ According to some sources the Nazis established Kielce (Poland) ghetto.

^ German bank linked to death camp .
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^ They were deported to the Belzec death camp.

The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest, with 380,000 people, and the Łódź Ghetto the second largest, holding 160,000. They were, in effect, immensely crowded prisons, described by Michael Berenbaum as instruments of "slow, passive murder."[59] Though the Warsaw Ghetto contained 400,000 people[60]—30% of the population of Warsaw—it occupied only 2.4% of the city's area, averaging 9.2 people per room.
.From 1940 through 1942, starvation and disease, especially typhoid, killed hundreds of thousands.^ Hundreds of thousands of Romanian Jews were killed by the collaborationist regime during the war.

^ The Nazis go on killing..If this rule could be relaxed, some hundreds, and possibly a few thousands, might be enabled to escape from this holocaust.

^ "Probably more than two hundred thousand Jews were killed or died in ...

Over 43,000 residents of the Warsaw ghetto died there in 1941,[60] more than one in ten; in Theresienstadt, more than half the residents died in 1942.[59]
.The Germans came, the police, and they started banging houses: "Raus, raus, raus, Juden raus."^ (Anyway, the British started the large-scale aerial bombing of civilian targets, and the Germans eventually retaliated, such as they could.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When the men came and started burning down houses in his village, his parents ran away - without him.

^ When he came to Alex’s house, he was pathetically skinny and a nervous wreck, starting in terror at the slightest unexpected sound.

… [O]ne baby started to cry … The other baby started crying. .So the mother urinated in her hand and gave the baby a drink to keep quiet … [When the police had gone], I told the mothers to come out.^ Although Ford later renounced his antisemitic writings, he remained an admirer of Nazi Germany and sought to keep America out of the coming war.
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^ When Rabbi Wise was informed by the Jewish underground, Roosevelt told him to keep quiet.
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^ Diana, ) when I told you that when it comes to discussions ) between you and me, I'm flat out *done* with stupid?
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

And one baby was dead … from fear, the mother [had] choked her own baby.

—Abraham Malik, describing his experience in the Kovno ghetto.[61]

.Each ghetto was run by a Judenrat (Jewish council) of German-appointed Jewish community leaders, who were responsible for the day-to-day running of the ghetto, including the provision of food, water, heat, medicine, and shelter, and who were also expected to make arrangements for deportations to extermination camps.^ The Jewish community at Radolszell, Germany, was exterminated.

^ This would be the opening act in a tragic drama that would lead to the demise of the very old, Greek Jewish Community, including the Jews of Salonika.

^ The "euthanasia" programs of organized murder began in medicine and ultimately led to the program of mass extermination in the death camps of German occupied Poland [4] .
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.Heinrich Himmler ordered the start of the deportations on July 19, 1942, and three days later, on July 22, the deportations from the Warsaw Ghetto began; over the next 52 days, until September 12, 300,000 people from Warsaw alone were transported in freight trains to the Treblinka extermination camp.^ The Gestapo entered the Warsaw ghetto and shot 52 people.

^ The ceremonies will encompass a March of the Living, on Thursday, by more than 1,000 young Jews from Israel and other countries at the site of the Auschwitz death camp in southern Poland, and the unveiling of a monument next Tuesday to mark the loading place in Warsaw where in 1942 and 1943 more than 300,000 Warsaw Jews were loaded onto trains that carried them to the Treblinka death camp.

^ Among the marchers was Norman Frejman, 72, of Florida, who as a child survived the Warsaw Ghetto, deportation to the Majdanek death camp and slave labor in Germany.

.Many other ghettos were completely depopulated.^ Many other ghettos were completely depopulated.
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^ When the Germans liquidated the Zdunska Wola ghetto in 1942, Nancy and two sisters were sent to the Łódź Ghetto and many of her other family members were deported and murdered.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Berenbaum writes that the defining moment that tested the courage and character of each Judenrat came when they were asked to provide a list of names of the next group to be deported.^ "Here's your insurance, write your name on this list and get in line please!"
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

^ We supported )her by answering her questions as they came up yet refrained from )introducing material she hadn't yet asked about.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There seem to be some indications he ) may ) have had mental problems, too (and at the moment as you are probably ) aware ) they are discussing his probable alcohol use on the A_T list).
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

The Judenrat members went through the tried and tested methods of delay, bribery, stonewalling, pleading, and argumentation, until finally a decision had to be made. .Some argued that their responsibility was to save the Jews who could be saved, and that therefore others had to be sacrificed; others argued, following Maimonides, that not a single individual should be handed over who had not committed a capital crime.^ Or a myriad of other reasons that is the responsibility of the individual.
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

^ For all those who like to talk about greedy Jews, considering the following.

^ The Nazis, who had swept France in a mere six weeks, could not believe that the Jews of all people were providing this kind of a fight.

Judenrat leaders such as Dr. Joseph Parnas in Lviv, who refused to compile a list, were shot. .On October 14, 1942, the entire Judenrat of Byaroza committed suicide rather than cooperate with the deportations.^ Another group, whose deaths are related to the Holocaust but not always counted in the totals, comprise the thousands who committed suicide rather than face what they feared would be untold suffering ending in death.
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oct 14 - Allies liberate Athens; Rommel commits suicide.
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^ Hungarian Premier Count Pál Telecki committed suicide rather than collaborate with Germany.

[62]
.The first ghetto uprising occurred in September 1942 in the small town of Łachwa in southeast Poland.^ Marek Edelman one of the last surviving leaders of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was awarded with Poland's highest decoration, the Order of the White Eagle.

^ Sheikh Mohammed Taha is reported to be the first senior Hamas political leader to be arrested since the Palestinian uprising began in September 2000.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Poland's Roman Catholic Primate, Jozef Cardinal Glemp, officiated today at a mass honoring the Jewish fighters of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising.

Though there were armed resistance attempts in the larger ghettos in 1943, such as the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising and the Białystok Ghetto Uprising, in every case they failed against the unmatched Nazi military force, and the remaining Jews were either killed or deported to the death camps, which the Germans euphemistically called "resettlement in the East."[63]

Pogroms (1939–1942)

.A number of deadly pogroms by local populations occurred during the Second World War, some with Nazi encouragement, and some spontaneously.^ During World War I, the British army employs tanks for one of the first times in the Middle East in an attempt to defeat the Turks at Gaza.

^ Some of them did attempt to negotiate with various Nazi functionaries during the holocaust, which is what Mason's confused formulation below refers to.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ She performed for American troops during World War II. She was one of the first entertainers to go to Europe after the war to perform for Jewish refugees.

This included the Iaşi pogrom in Romania on June 30, 1941, in which as many 14,000 Jews were killed by Romanian residents and police, and the Jedwabne pogrom, in which between 380 and 1,600 Jews were killed by local Poles in July 1941.[64]

Death squads (1941–1943)

.
A member of Einsatzgruppe D is about to shoot a man sitting by a mass grave in Vinnitsa, Ukraine, in 1942. Present in the background are members of the German Army, the German Labor Service, and the Hitler Youth.
^ Benedict was enrolled in the Hitler Youth as a teenager against his will and then was drafted into the German army in the last months of the war.

^ About 4000 Jews from in and around Vilna were trucked to Ponary, slaughtered, and dumped into mass graves.

^ While theoretical socialism in its Marxist form was directing the German labor movement, the authoritarian and nationalist element receded for a time into the background.
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[65] The back of the photograph is inscribed "The last Jew in Vinnitsa".
.The German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 opened a new phase.^ In June 1941, the Germans invaded the Soviet Union and occupied Lwów.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The slaughter of the Jews began with invasion of the Soviet Union in June.

^ Hitler's invasions of Poland and the Soviet Union.
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.The Holocaust intensified after the Nazis occupied Lithuania, where close to 80 percent of Lithuanian Jews were exterminated before the end of the year.^ To whether the Nazis tried to exterminate the Jews.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Not the program of the Nazis to exterminate the Jews.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Like "the Holocaust," ha - shoah , unmodified, can refer to the Nazi mass murder of Jews or the Nazi mass murder of both Jews and non-Jews.

[66][67] .The Soviet territories occupied by early 1942, including all of Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, and Moldova and most Russian territory west of the line Leningrad-Moscow-Rostov, contained about three million Jews, including hundreds of thousands who had fled Poland in 1939. Despite the chaos of the Soviet retreat, some effort was made to evacuate Jews, and about a million succeeded in escaping further east.^ It says plenty about Jews and Russians.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After the Germans invaded Poland in September 1939, Alter escaped to the Russian-occupied zone.
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^ There are only a few thousand who die every day from all causes, TOTAL. Second, the unavoidable causes, such as cancer, accidents, suicide, etc.
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

[citation needed] .The remaining three million were left at the mercy of the Nazis.^ In 1933 when the Nazi party took control of Germany it had 2 million members, comprising only three percent of Germany’s sixty-six million citizens.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Pure Nazism: Muslim cleric celebrates the Holocaust on Egyptian TV 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC hotair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Jews of Poland Before the Nazi Holocaust, three and a half million Jews lived in Poland.
  • Impact of the Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC sandrawilliams.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Approximately three million Hungarians remained outside the new borders, including practically all of the countrys non-Hungarian inhabitants.
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.
Executions of Kiev Jews by German army mobile killing units (Einsatzgruppen) near Ivangorod in Ukraine.
^ The Nazis begin the execution of Jews near Ternopol in the Ukraine.

^ One thousand Jews are executed near Ternopol, Ukraine.

^ The Einsatzgruppen Units (special squads assigned to murder Jews) with the help of the local population took part in what was to date, the worst "ethnic cleansing" of the war.

The photo was mailed from the Eastern Front to Germany and intercepted by a member of the Polish resistance."
.Members of the local populations in certain occupied Soviet territories participated substantially in the killings of Jews and others.^ Goldhagen's blindness to the extraordinariness of killing millions of Soviet POWs, and his minimizing and excusing German killing of Poles will probably not be noticed by other American reviewers.

^ The Einsatzgruppen Units (special squads assigned to murder Jews) with the help of the local population took part in what was to date, the worst "ethnic cleansing" of the war.

^ Several criticized the way the United States had handled Israel's request for loan guarantees to settle Jews from the former Soviet Union, linking it to an end to building settlements in Israel's occupied territories.

[68] .In Lithuania, Latvia and western Ukraine, locals were deeply involved in the murder of Jews from the very beginning of the German occupation.^ Approximately 1000 Jews are murdered at Dvinsk, Latvia.

^ The Einsatzgruppen Units (special squads assigned to murder Jews) with the help of the local population took part in what was to date, the worst "ethnic cleansing" of the war.

^ The Nazis begin the execution of Jews near Ternopol in the Ukraine.

[68] The Latvian Arajs Kommando was an example of such an operation.[68] .To the south, Ukrainians killed approximately 24,000 Jews.^ Approximately 5,000 Jews served as volunteers in the military during the war.

^ In 1953, the New York Times could refer to "6,000,000 Jews allegedly killed during the Nazi regime" without fear of complaints from Jewish organizations.

^ From July 1941 until July 1944, approximately 100,000 people (mainly Jews) were murdered in the forests surrounding Ponary a resort town in Lithuania.

[68] .In addition, Latvian and Lithuanian units left their own countries, and committed murders of Jews in Belarus, and Ukrainians served as concentration and death camp guards in Poland.^ Hans Frank (1900-1946) President of the German Law Academy; as Governor-General of Poland, established numerous Concentration Camps martinls .
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^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
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^ The United States has the highest concentration of gun ownership in the world, 283 million guns - a third of them handguns - owned by about a third of the citizenry.

[68] Many of the mass killings were carried out in public, a change from previous practice.[68] German witnesses to these killings emphasized the participation of the locals.[68] .Ultimately it was the Germans who organized and channelled the local participants in The Holocaust.^ The "euthanasia" programs of organized murder began in medicine and ultimately led to the program of mass extermination in the death camps of German occupied Poland [4] .
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[68]
Raul Hilberg writes that the German Einsatzgruppen commanders were ordinary citizens; the great majority were university-educated professionals.[69] They used their skills to become efficient killers, according to Michael Berenbaum.[65]
.The large-scale killings of Jews in the occupied Soviet territories was assigned to SS formations called Einsatzgruppen ("task groups"), under the overall command of Heydrich.^ The gas vans played a significant part in convincing Nazi bureaucrats that large-scale and more "efficient" killing was feasible.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In early 1978, Prime Minister Aldo Moro was kidnapped and later assassinated by the so called "Red brigades" - a revolutionary pro Soviet group.
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^ He led a group called the Emergency Committee to Save the Jews of Europe.
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.These had been used on a limited scale in Poland in 1939, but were now organized on a much larger scale.^ After the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, the Einsatzgruppen’s main assignment was to kill Communist officers and Jews on a much larger scale than in Poland[3].
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^ These early concentration camps were eventually consolidated into centrally run camps, and by 1939, six large concentration camps, located in Poland, had been established.
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^ It is particularly useful because much of the material from these events and exhibitions has been made available online.
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Einsatzgruppe A (commanded by SS-Brigadeführer Dr. Franz Stahlecker) was assigned to the Baltic area, Einsatzgruppe B (SS-Brigadeführer Artur Nebe) to Belarus, Einsatzgruppe C (SS-Gruppenführer Dr. Otto Rasch) to north and central Ukraine, and Einsatzgruppe D (SS-Gruppenführer Dr. Otto Ohlendorf) to Moldova, south Ukraine, the Crimea, and, during 1942, the north Caucasus. .Of the four Einsatzgruppen, three were commanded by holders of doctorate degrees, of whom one (Rasch) held a double doctorate.^ Four are references to World War II or a future world war, two are references to the climatic death scene in Hamlet, one is a reference to the American Civil War, and the remaining three are references to obscure events.

[70]
According to Ohlendorf at his trial, "the Einsatzgruppen had the mission to protect the rear of the troops by killing the Jews, Gypsies, Communist functionaries, active Communists, and all persons who would endanger the security." .In practice, their victims were nearly all defenseless Jewish civilians (not a single Einsatzgruppe member was killed in action during these operations).^ Almost all of them were killed during the Shoah.

^ All 67 members of Saada's Jewish community fled following threats from the Houthis, the rabbi says.

^ These are only a small number of the many who knew quite well what was happening during the Holocaust, and they all deserve a special place in hell.
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.By December 1941, the four Einsatzgruppen listed above had killed, respectively, 125,000, 45,000, 75,000, and 55,000 people—a total of 300,000 people—mainly by shooting or with hand grenades at mass killing sites outside the major towns.^ Between 1939 and 1941, over 200,000 people were killed.
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^ Hitler encouraged the killings of the Jews of Eastern Europe by the Einsatzgruppen death squads in a speech in July, 1941, though he almost certainly approved the mass shootings earlier.
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^ Between one quarter to one half of the Romani population was killed, upwards of 220,000 people.
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The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum tells the story of one survivor of the Einsatzgruppen in Piryatin, Ukraine, when they killed 1,600 Jews on April 6, 1942, the second day of Passover:
I saw them do the killing. At 5:00 p.m. they gave the command, "Fill in the pits." Screams and groans were coming from the pits. Suddenly I saw my neighbor Ruderman rise from under the soil … His eyes were bloody and he was screaming: "Finish me off!" … A murdered woman lay at my feet. .A boy of five years crawled out from under her body and began to scream desperately.^ Hicks has been detained for five years, and will be tried at a time not yet specified, under new military tribunals of dubious legality.
  • http://www.terrorismcentral.com/Newsletters/2007/021807.html 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.terrorismcentral.com [Source type: News]

^ The book follows the lives of five Jewish boys living in Berlin in the years 1933-1939, from the time that the Nazis rose to power until right before the Second World War broke out.

^ Then, five years ago, her cousin Ella began to make inquires about possible remuneration from the Generali Company for life insurance taken out by her family members before the war.

"Mommy!" That was all I saw, since I fell unconscious.[65]
.The most notorious massacre of Jews in the Soviet Union was at a ravine called Babi Yar outside Kiev, where 33,771 Jews were killed in a single operation on September 29–30, 1941. The killing of all the Jews in Kiev was decided on by the military governor (Major-General Friedrich Eberhardt), the Police Commander for Army Group South (SS-Obergruppenführer Friedrich Jeckeln) and the Einsatzgruppe C Commander Otto Rasch.^ They wanted to kill all the Jews.

^ The letter, addressed to the military governor of the American zone of Germany, requested that Eichmann be delivered to Hungary to stand trial for participating ``with the instructions of Himler (sic) SS commander in the liquidation work of the Jews in Hungary.''
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1919, as the Allies signed the Treaty of Versailles, ending the conflict they had called "the Great War," or "the War to End All Wars," it was decided to punish Germany.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was carried out by a mixture of SS, SD and Security Police, assisted by Ukrainian police.^ Mansour also accused Israel of attempting to alter the character of east Jerusalem, and said the “annexation of east Jerusalem” had been carried out in violation of Security Council resolutions.
  • Holocaust « Yourish.com 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.yourish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yet another strand is the way in which German forces — the SS but also the regular army — carried out that vision of racial reordering and extermination.

^ We, the SS, have to carry out this order...I have therefore chosen Auschwitz for this purpose."
  • Holocaust Timeline 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.torahtots.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

On Monday the Jews of Kiev gathered by the cemetery, expecting to be loaded onto trains. .The crowd was large enough that most of the men, women, and children could not have known what was happening until it was too late: by the time they heard the machine-gun fire, there was no chance to escape.^ There can be no peace until they get their minds concentrated.
  • Sadly, No! » Shorter Michael Ledeen 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.sadlyno.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nazi forces captured the city in mid-September; within less than a fortnight, on the 29th and 30th, nearly 34,000 Jews of the ghetto were brought to a suburban ravine known as Babi Yar, near the Jewish Cemetary, where men, women, and children were systematically machine-gunned in a two-day orgy of execution.
  • Holocaust « Yourish.com 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.yourish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In conclusion, I argue that the Holocaust could affect and did affect women and men in different age groups and in different parts of Hungary in different ways and that the experiences were sometimes shaped by gender.
  • Women & The Holocaust - Scholarly Essays 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.theverylongview.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All were driven down a corridor of soldiers, in groups of ten, and then shot.^ When you boil it all down, the United States has aimed its intelligence rifle at Tehran–and shot itself in the foot.
  • Holocaust « Yourish.com 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.yourish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A truck driver described the scene:
Kikes of the city of Kiev and vicinity! .On Monday, September 29, you are to appear by 08:00 a.m.^ September 30, 2009 at 08:29 PM      .
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

^ September 30, 2009 at 08:00 PM      .
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

with your possessions, money, documents, valuables, and warm clothing at Dorogozhitskaya Street, next to the Jewish cemetery. Failure to appear is punishable by death.

—Order posted in Kiev in Russian and Ukrainian, on or around September 26, 1941.[71]

[O]ne after the other, they had to remove their luggage, then their coats, shoes, and overgarments and also underwear … .Once undressed, they were led into the ravine which was about 150 meters long and 30 meters wide and a good 15 meters deep … When they reached the bottom of the ravine they were seized by members of the Schutzpolizei and made to lie down on top of Jews who had already been shot … The corpses were literally in layers.^ There they are separated into sexes and led to undressing rooms where they undress.
  • The Holocaust Wars -- RighteousJews.org 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.righteousjews.org [Source type: Original source]

^ About 500 Jews and Serbs were shot.

^ They arrested the Jews who flee.
  • Why did the Holocaust happen? - alt.religion.scientology | Google Groups 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A police marksman came along and shot each Jew in the neck with a submachine gun … I saw these marksmen stand on layers of corpses and shoot one after the other … The marksman would walk across the bodies of the executed Jews to the next Jew, who had meanwhile lain down, and shoot him.^ It was a mistake he would soon regret, for his invasion failed, and Stalin became one of the "Big Three" who led the Allies in opposition to the Axis Powers.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was the Jews fleeing from Recife who ended up in New Amsterdam later in 1654 and thus began what would become the American Jewish Community.

^ Jews hold that other nations and peoples are not required or expected to obey these laws, and face no penalty for not obeying them.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[71]
.
From left to right; Heinrich Himmler, Reinhard Heydrich, and Karl Wolff (second from the right) at the Obersalzberg, May 1939. Wolff wrote in his diary that Himmler had vomited after witnessing the mass shooting of 100 Jews.
^ It set the stage for the effective closing of Palestine to Jewish immigration in May of 1939; a policy that bought death for the Jews but failed to win the goodwill of the Arabs.

^ Reinhard Heydrich (1904-1942) second-in-command of the Gestapo martinls .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heinrich Himmler (1900-1945) "Reichsfuhrer-SS, head of the Gestapo and the Waffen-SS, Minister of the Interior from 1943 to 1945 and organizer of the mass murder of Jews in the Third Reich" HistoryPlace davidg Routledge martinls .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[72]
.In August 1941 Himmler travelled to Minsk, where he personally witnessed 100 Jews being shot in a ditch outside the town, an event described by SS-Obergruppenführer Karl Wolff in his diary.^ The premier issue of this Los Angeles journal, from August 1941, carried a substantial article by Hall under the title "The Jew Does Not Fit In" (pp.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During the massacre, a Lithuanian policeman was wounded by Jews and an SS sergeant was hospitalized after being stabbed in the back and in the head.

^ Diana )The premier issue of this Los Angeles journal, from August 1941, carried a )substantial article by Hall under the title "The Jew Does Not Fit In" (pp.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

"Himmler's face was green. He took out his handkerchief and wiped his cheek where a piece of brain had squirted up on to it. Then he vomited." After recovering his composure, he lectured the SS men on the need to follow the "highest moral law of the Party" in carrying out their tasks.

New methods of mass murder

.Starting in December 1939, the Nazis introduced new methods of mass murder by using gas.^ In 1939 this world best seller, which had already been made into a motion picture in Britain, was used by the Nazis as the basis for a viciously anti-Semitic film.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (I vaguely recall some discussion ) that gassing was first used as a method of ) state murder by the CHeKa, by driving prisoners ) in vans exhausted to the interior.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (I vaguely recall some discussion that gassing was first used as a method of state murder by the CHeKa, by driving prisoners in vans exhausted to the interior.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[73] .First experimental vans, equipped with gas cylinders and a sealed trunk compartment, were used to kill mental care clients of sanatoria in Pomerania, East Prussia, and occupied Poland since 1939, as part of an operation termed Aktion T4.^ The gas vans played a significant part in convincing Nazi bureaucrats that large-scale and more "efficient" killing was feasible.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Nazi holocaust, the precursor to stationary gas chambers situated in extermination camps was the gas vans, which operated as described above.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (I vaguely recall some discussion ) that gassing was first used as a method of ) state murder by the CHeKa, by driving prisoners ) in vans exhausted to the interior.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[73] .In the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, larger vans holding up to 100 people were used in a similar way since November 1941, yet the gas did not come from a cylinder but directly from the engine's exhaust.^ It is in these death camps that gas chambers and crematoria played important roles, though gas vans were the chief method at several of them.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If we look at the )history of Anthroposophy, names of people keep coming up: who they were, )what they did, and their ideas; and these people include past and )present followers of the movement.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It's been a few years since I read the book all ) the way through, but I don't recall any ) statement "that Jews invented the gas ) chambers".
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[73] .These vans were introduced to the Chelmno concentration camp in December 1941, and another 15 of them were used by the death squads in the occupied Soviet Union.^ Chelmno death camp.

^ There were hundreds of concentration camps, but only six annihilation camps (Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Sobibor, Chelmno, Maidanek, Belzec).
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is in these death camps that gas chambers and crematoria played important roles, though gas vans were the chief method at several of them.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[73] .These gas vans were developed and run under supervision of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Main Security Bureau), and were used to kill about 500,000 people, primarily Jews, but also Romani and others.^ About 500 Jews and Serbs were shot.

^ For Bush to speak out now about granting them independence, at a time when they are engrossed in trying to kill Jews, is remarkably ill-conceived and astonishingly inappropriate.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ U.S. officials think an Army biodefense lab was the source of the anthrax spores used in the 2001 attacks that killed five people.

[73] .The vans were carefully monitored and month later a report stated that 'ninety seven thousand have been processed using three vans, without any defects showing up in the machines'[74].^ Years later, the Soviet government released a report stating that their troops had recovered the charred remains and brought them back for verification.

^ (I vaguely recall some discussion ) that gassing was first used as a method of ) state murder by the CHeKa, by driving prisoners ) in vans exhausted to the interior.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Three months later he wrote again to say that Ford headquarters was "very proud of the record that you and your associates have made in building the company up to its first great position under such circumstances."
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A need for new mass murder techniques was also expressed by Hans Frank, governor of the General Government, who noted that this many people could not be simply shot.^ Hans Frank (1900-1946) President of the German Law Academy; as Governor-General of Poland, established numerous Concentration Camps martinls .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Nazis, who had swept France in a mere six weeks, could not believe that the Jews of all people were providing this kind of a fight.

^ In this circle of initiates was also Hans Frank, a lawyer member of the Nazi party and future governor-general of Poland, who at that time was involved with a society for heraldic and genealogical research, headed by Dr. W. Daumenlang.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."We shall have to take steps, however, designed in some way to eliminate them."^ Step up, take some responsibility and stop blaming everyone else for all the ills of the world.
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

.It was this dilemma which led the SS to experiment with large-scale killings using poison gas.^ In March 1916 the Daily Telegraph reported that the Austrians and Bulgarians had murdered hundreds of thousands of Serbians using poison gas.
  • The Holocaust Wars -- RighteousJews.org 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.righteousjews.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The gas vans played a significant part in convincing Nazi bureaucrats that large-scale and more "efficient" killing was feasible.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The method of killing at these camps was by poison gas ( Zyklon B or carbon monoxide), usually in " gas chambers", although many prisoners were killed in mass shootings and by other means.

.Finally, SS Obersturmführer Christian Wirth seems to have been the inventor of the gas chamber.^ When I finally found the passage you meant and produced it here, it clearly showed that Bondarew was not talking about THE gas chambers of the "Holocaust" at all; he was talking about "the first inventor of gas-chambers" in general.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Christian Wirth, SS-Sturmbannführer and commandant of the Belzec, Poland, death camp, is assassinated by partisans in Fiume, Yugoslavia.

^ When I finally found the passage you meant and )produced it here, it clearly showed that )Bondarew was not talking about THE gas chambers )of the "Holocaust" at all; That is entirely preposterous.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

Wannsee Conference and the Final Solution (1942–1945)

The dining room of the Wannsee villa, where the Wannsee conference took place. .The 15 men seated at the table on January 20, 1942 to discuss the "final solution of the Jewish question"[75] were considered the best and the brightest in the Reich.^ Italians rejected the Final Solution and therefore did not implement anti-Jewish laws.

[76]
Facsimiles of the minutes of the Wannsee Conference. This page lists the number of Jews in every European country.
The railway line leading to the death camp at Auschwitz II (Birkenau).
Empty poison gas canisters used to kill inmates and piles of hair shaven from their heads are stored in the museum at Auschwitz II.
.
The ruins of the Crematorium II gas chamber at Auschwitz II (Birkenau).
^ But what about the dogma of the *six million*, the cyanide gassing, the gas chambers at Auschwitz, etc.?
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Irving Says Auschwitz Had No Gas Chambers.” Irish Times , 13 Jan.
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Auschwitz Had No Gas Chambers, Says Historian.” Daily Telegraph , 27 Jan.
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Holocaust scholar Robert Jan van Pelt comments that more people lost their lives in this room than in any other room on Earth: 500,000 people.^ But more than 1,000 people gathered anyway at a nearby monument.

^ To say the Holocaust happened because nobody knew was not quite the case; more like people did not want to know or knew but did not care.

^ Soybeans, corn, gold, copper - if it comes straight from the earth, it is probably a lot more expensive now than it was in 2000.

[77]
.By the end of 1941, Himmler was becoming increasingly impatient with the progress of the Final Solution.^ Roosevelt knew in 1941 of the Final Solution.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Breitman, R. (1991) The Architect of Genocide: Himmler and the Final Solution .
  • Elmhurst College Holocaust Project and Guestship 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.elmhurst.edu [Source type: News]

.His main opponent was Göring, who had succeeded in exempting Jewish industrial workers from the orders to deport all Jews to the General Government and who had allied himself with the Army commanders who were opposing the extermination of the Jews out of a mixture of economic calculation, distaste for the SS and humanitarian sentiment.^ All Jews were ordered to surrender their radios.

^ Jewish government workers in Germany are ordered to retire.

^ It was the Jews fleeing from Recife who ended up in New Amsterdam later in 1654 and thus began what would become the American Jewish Community.

Although Göring's power had declined since the defeat of his Luftwaffe in the Battle of Britain, he still had privileged access to Hitler.
.The Nazis methodically tracked the progress of the Holocaust in thousands of reports and documents.^ As this book will document in detail, Chomsky gave his name in support of Robert Faurisson, the well-known French neo-Nazi Holocaust denier.
  • Partners in Hate: Chomsky and the Holocaust Deniers 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC www.wernercohn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nazis go on killing..If this rule could be relaxed, some hundreds, and possibly a few thousands, might be enabled to escape from this holocaust.

^ Beautifully and movingly compiled document on Jewish life in Holland just before and during the Holocaust and resistance to the Nazie, the author himself a Dutch Jewish resistance fighter and survivor.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pictured is the Höfle Telegram sent to Adolf Eichmann in January, 1943, that reported that 1,274,166 Jews had been killed in the four Aktion Reinhard camps during 1942.
Heydrich therefore convened the Wannsee Conference on January 20, 1942 at a villa, Am Großen Wannsee No. .56-58, in the suburbs of Berlin to finalize a plan for the extermination of the Jews.^ He took part in the Holocaust, and he planned the extermination of the Palestinian Jews.
  • The Holocaust and Palestine | CommonDreams.org 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ Original plans for the construction of the Nazi extermination camp of Auschwitz, including a gas chamber and crematorium, have been found in a Berlin apartment, a newspaper reported Saturday.
  • Holocaust « Yourish.com 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.yourish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Irving testified that there were no grounds to support the existence of a Nazi plan to exterminate Jews.

[78] The plan became known (after Heydrich) as Aktion Reinhard (Operation Reinhard). .Present were Heydrich, Eichmann, Heinrich Müller (head of the Gestapo), and representatives of the Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories, the Ministry for the Interior, the Four Year Plan Office, the Ministry of Justice, the General Government in Poland (where over two million Jews still lived), the Foreign Office, the Race and Resettlement Office, and the Nazi Party, and the office responsible for distributing Jewish property.^ If he had done this earlier, millions of Jews could have lived.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By 1995, the Council had increased its fund raising to $800 million, from $10 million in 1932, and nearly 95% of American Jews lived in communities in the Council's reach.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British Foreign Office official H. F. Downie argued that the Jews are "enemies just as the Germans are, but in a more insidious way," and that "our two sets of enemies [Nazis and Jews] are linked together by secret and evil bonds."

[76] .Also present was SS-Sturmbannführer Rudolf Lange, the SD commander in Riga, who, with Friedrich Jeckeln had recently carried out the liquidation of 24,000 Latvian Jews from the Riga ghetto in the Rumbula massacre.^ At Kielce, Poland, 16,000 local Jews and about a thousand Jewish deportees from Vienna are herded into a ghetto area.

^ Christian Wirth, SS-Sturmbannführer and commandant of the Belzec, Poland, death camp, is assassinated by partisans in Fiume, Yugoslavia.

^ Among the signers of a statement on the plans is Dr. Marek Edelman, now a cardiologist, who was deputy commander of the ghetto resistance during the 1943 uprising.

[78]
.Michael Berenbaum writes that the 15 men seated at the table were considered the best and the brightest; more than half of them held doctorates from German universities.^ That's more than half the world.

^ The average German or Japanese uses little more than half the energy consumed by an average American.

^ Deaths from the "area bombing" of civilian targets might well be considered to be "murders", but my impression is that the Allies did much more of that kind of "murder" than did the Germans.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[76]
.A plan was presented for killing all the Jews in Europe, including 330,000 Jews in England and 4,000 in Ireland,[78] although the minutes taken by Eichmann refer to this only through euphemisms, such as " … emigration has now been replaced by evacuation to the East.^ They wanted to kill all the Jews.

^ For Bush to speak out now about granting them independence, at a time when they are engrossed in trying to kill Jews, is remarkably ill-conceived and astonishingly inappropriate.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the founder of the Wiesenthal Center believes that if the United States would have taken the Hungarian request seriously, Eichmann, who was in charge of the ``Final Solution'' to exterminate the Jews of Europe, might have been found far earlier.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This operation should be regarded only as a provisional option, though in view of the coming final solution of the Jewish question it is already supplying practical experience of vital importance."^ The purpose of the conference was to inform heads of German Government Departments that had responsibility for various policies relating to Jews of Reinhard Heydrich’s appointment as the sole executor of the “Final solution to the Jewish question”, and to obtain their agreement to subordinate their policies to him.
  • Holocaust « Yourish.com 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.yourish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [Source: "Differences between Jewish and Christian views", http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_conversion ] "Question Why did God chose the Jewish people?
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Following this, hundreds of Jewish survivors perished in many other violent attacks throughout Poland, which finally convinced most Polish Jews to leave and that immigration was the only option left to them.
  • Impact of the Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC sandrawilliams.org [Source type: Original source]

[78]
.The officials were told there were 2.3 million Jews in the General Government, 850,000 in Hungary, 1.1 million in the other occupied countries, and up to 5 million in the Soviet Union (although only 3 million of these were in areas under German occupation) —a total of about 6.5 million.^ There were Jews in > > other countries, did they think they can exterminate them?
  • Why did the Holocaust happen? - alt.religion.scientology | Google Groups 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In June 1941, the Germans invaded the Soviet Union and occupied Lwów.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were Jews in other countries, did they think they can exterminate them?
  • Why did the Holocaust happen? - alt.religion.scientology | Google Groups 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These would all be transported by train to extermination camps (Vernichtungslager) in Poland, where those unfit for work would be gassed at once.^ So it was a work camp and not a camp for extermination.
  • Why did the Holocaust happen? - alt.religion.scientology | Google Groups 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She bled badly, and on the train to the Majdanek death camp she covered her wounds with leaves for fear the Nazis would kill her because she would die soon anyway.

^ On the third day the Commission traveled to Auschwitz, the largest and without doubt the most lethal of all extermination camps.
  • Commission on Holocaust 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In some camps, such as Auschwitz, those fit for work would be kept alive for a while, but eventually all would be killed.^ She bled badly, and on the train to the Majdanek death camp she covered her wounds with leaves for fear the Nazis would kill her because she would die soon anyway.

^ Given a 100 (to the 6th power) duty cycle of all the crematoria in all the camps in German-controlled territory, what is the maximum number of corpses it would have been possible to incinerate during the entire period such cremators were operating?

^ The Germans deported Jews from all over occupied Europe to extermination camps in Poland, where they were systematically killed, and also to concentration camps, where they were used for forced labor.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Göring's representative, Dr. Erich Neumann, gained a limited exemption for some classes of industrial workers.

Extermination camps

Approx. number killed at each extermination camp (Source: Yad Vashem[79]); Help improve coordinates:
Camp name Killed Coordinates Ref.
Auschwitz II 1,400,000 50°2′9″N 19°10′42″E / 50.03583°N 19.17833°E / 50.03583; 19.17833 (Oświęcim (Auschwitz, Poland)) [80][81][82]
Belzec 600,000 50°22′18″N 23°27′27″E / 50.37167°N 23.4575°E / 50.37167; 23.4575 (Belzec (Poland)) [83][84]
Chelmno 320,000 52°9′27″N 18°43′43″E / 52.1575°N 18.72861°E / 52.1575; 18.72861 (Chelmno (Poland)) [85][86]
Jasenovac 600,000 45°16′54″N 16°56′6″E / 45.28167°N 16.935°E / 45.28167; 16.935 (Jasenovac (Sisačko-Moslavačka, Croatia)) [87][88]
Majdanek 360,000 51°13′13″N 22°36′0″E / 51.22028°N 22.6°E / 51.22028; 22.6 (Majdanek (Poland)) [89][90]
Maly Trostinets 65,000 53°51′4″N 27°42′17″E / 53.85111°N 27.70472°E / 53.85111; 27.70472 (Malyy Trostenets (Belarus)) [91][92]
Sobibór 250,000 51°26′50″N 23°35′37″E / 51.44722°N 23.59361°E / 51.44722; 23.59361 (Sobibór (Poland)) [93][94]
Treblinka 870,000 52°37′35″N 22°2′49″E / 52.62639°N 22.04694°E / 52.62639; 22.04694 (Treblinka (Poland)) [95][96]
.During 1942, in addition to Auschwitz, five other camps were designated as extermination camps (Vernichtungslager) for the carrying out of the Reinhard plan.^ JERUSALEM - Israel will not carry out any major military reprisals for yesterday's deadly terrorist attack because of concern that it will interfere with the U.S.-planned war in Iraq.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During May inmates at Auschwitz-Birkenau are put to work as slave laborers at the camp itself and at a synthetic-oil and rubber plant at nearby Monowitz.

^ Grynszpan's act gave Germany's National Socialist regime a pretext to carry out its planned anti-Semitic purge.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[97][98] .Two of these, Chelmno (also known as Kulmhof) and Majdanek were already functioning as labor camps: these now had extermination facilities added to them.^ Among the marchers was Norman Frejman, 72, of Florida, who as a child survived the Warsaw Ghetto, deportation to the Majdanek death camp and slave labor in Germany.

^ With the help of the resistance movement inside the camp, these two made it out and after two weeks found their way to Slovokia.

^ For now the reality is this: These are two countries, two civilizations, both under siege by the same enemy.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Three new camps were built for the sole purpose of killing large numbers of Jews as quickly as possible, at Belzec, Sobibór and Treblinka.^ There were hundreds of concentration camps, but only six annihilation camps (Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Sobibor, Chelmno, Maidanek, Belzec).
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Most of the dead were Jews, a large number of whom appeared to be between the ages of fourteen and sixteen 1948: Birthdate of Ellen Goodman.

.A seventh camp, at Maly Trostinets in Belarus, was also used for this purpose.^ The camp was noted for its medical experiments in which the inmates were used for experimental purposes.

Jasenovac was an extermination camp where mostly ethnic Serbs were killed.
.Extermination camps are frequently confused with concentration camps such as Dachau and Belsen, which were mostly located in Germany and intended as places of incarceration and forced labor for a variety of enemies of the Nazi regime (such as Communists and gays).^ American soldiers liberated the Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald, Germany.

^ The camp was located in northwest Germany.

^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.They should also be distinguished from slave labor camps, which were set up in all German-occupied countries to exploit the labor of prisoners of various kinds, including prisoners of war.^ All I have attempted in this article is to clarify a particularly narrow, though significant, area - what role neutral central banks (including the Swiss National Bank), the Swiss commercial banks and the Bank for International Settlements played, and what, if any, lessons they should now be contemplating.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Germans deported Jews from all over occupied Europe to extermination camps in Poland, where they were systematically killed, and also to concentration camps, where they were used for forced labor.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among the marchers was Norman Frejman, 72, of Florida, who as a child survived the Warsaw Ghetto, deportation to the Majdanek death camp and slave labor in Germany.

.In all Nazi camps there were very high death rates as a result of starvation, disease and exhaustion, but only the extermination camps were designed specifically for mass killing.^ There were 2 main Labor / Extermination Camps : .
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although individual revisionists may have different motives and beliefs, they all share at least one point: that there was no systematic attempt by Nazi Germany to exterminate European Jewry.
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fifth Bibliography 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Third Bibliography 18 September 2009 6:52 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were hundreds of concentration camps, but only six annihilation camps (Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Sobibor, Chelmno, Maidanek, Belzec).
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.There was a place called the ramp where the trains with the Jews were coming in.^ Jews from Carpathian Ruthenia get off the deportation train and assemble on the ramp at Auschwitz-Birkenau.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is coming from someone who calls Jews vermin and wants to see them exterminated.
  • Sadly, No! » Shorter Michael Ledeen 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.sadlyno.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Amongst many of my Jewish friends and family members, there is a strong feeling that Canada is becoming a more dangerous place for Jews.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.They were coming in day and night, and sometimes one per day and sometimes five per day … Constantly, people from the heart of Europe were disappearing, and they were arriving to the same place with the same ignorance of the fate of the previous transport.^ In many cases they are the very same people .
  • Is the analogy between climate change and Hitler’s atrocities appropriate? | Grist 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.grist.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By the time they finish on the following day, one thousand Jews will have been murdered.

^ If we look at the )history of Anthroposophy, names of people keep coming up: who they were, )what they did, and their ideas; and these people include past and )present followers of the movement.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

And the people in this mass … I knew that within a couple of hours … ninety percent would be gassed.

Rudolf Vrba, who worked on the Judenrampe in Auschwitz from August 18, 1942 to June 7, 1943.[99]

.The extermination camps were run by SS officers, but most of the guards were Ukrainian or Baltic auxiliaries.^ Under guard, Jewish men, women, and children board trains during deportation from Siedlce to the Treblinka extermination camp.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first commander of Belzec death camp was Christian Wirth, a SS officer.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Josef Mengele -- the Angel of Death Dr Josef Mengele, known as the Angel of Death, was a Nazi German SS officer and a physician in Auschwitz Nazi concentration camp.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Regular German soldiers were kept well away.

Gas chambers

.At the extermination camps with gas chambers all the prisoners arrived by train.^ It is in these death camps that gas chambers and crematoria played important roles, though gas vans were the chief method at several of them.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Germans deported Jews from all over occupied Europe to extermination camps in Poland, where they were systematically killed, and also to concentration camps, where they were used for forced labor.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the third day the Commission traveled to Auschwitz, the largest and without doubt the most lethal of all extermination camps.
  • Commission on Holocaust 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Sometimes entire trainloads were sent straight to the gas chambers, but usually the camp doctor on duty subjected individuals to selections, where a small percentage were deemed fit to work in the slave labor camps; the majority were taken directly from the platforms to a reception area where all their clothes and other possessions were seized by the Nazis to help fund the war.^ Children, women with children, and the elderly were sent directly to the gas chambers, while able-bodied women and men were selected for work.
  • Women & The Holocaust - Scholarly Essays 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.theverylongview.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Nazis sent their victims to gas chambers and ovens in boxcars.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the Hungarian occupation he was taken to work in several labor camps.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They were then herded naked into the gas chambers.^ Then there's the "There were no gas chambers" thing, or a variant, "They died of disease and hardship."
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then there's the "There were no gas chambers" thing, or a )variant, "They died of disease and hardship."
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They cannot stop repeating that Anne Frank died of typhus, it is such a lucky break for you that she did not die in the gas chambers.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.Usually they were told these were showers or delousing chambers, and there were signs outside saying "baths" and "sauna."^ Then there's the "There were no gas chambers" thing, or a variant, "They died of disease and hardship."
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The left keeps saying all these people are dying because they don't have insurance.
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

^ While this claim has not been verified, "we know with certainty that they were there for at least 1,500 years," says Levitan.

.They were sometimes given a small piece of soap and a towel so as to avoid panic, and were told to remember where they had put their belongings for the same reason.^ A number of those items you list they really do want you to try to avoid your small child seeing.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For reasons social, culinary and environmental, small farms like Master's should be promoted, or least protected, they say.

.When they asked for water because they were thirsty after the long journey in the cattle trains, they were told to hurry up, because coffee was waiting for them in the camp, and it was getting cold.^ She bled badly, and on the train to the Majdanek death camp she covered her wounds with leaves for fear the Nazis would kill her because she would die soon anyway.

^ They threw us up in the air,” Hoyt told The Gazette 10 years ago.

^ They would pick up guinea pigs off the streets: beggars, and take them in to use in these torture training classes.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[100]
.According to Rudolf Höß, commandant of Auschwitz, bunker 1 held 800 people, and bunker 2 held 1,200.[101] Once the chamber was full, the doors were screwed shut and solid pellets of Zyklon-B were dropped into the chambers through vents in the side walls, releasing toxic HCN, or hydrogen cyanide.^ Wow do U.S. hospitals really load people into gas chambers and then burn them in ovens...who voted this guy into office?
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

^ The Rudolf Report: Expert Report on Chemical and Technical Aspects of the "Gas Chambers" of Auschwitz .
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fifth Bibliography 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Those inside died within 20 minutes; the speed of death depended on how close the inmate was standing to a gas vent, according to Höß, who estimated that about one third of the victims died immediately.^ Her father died when she was about 20.

^ Of at least those who live off the one party, the dominant party or the no party systems?
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For all those who like to talk about greedy Jews, considering the following.

[102] .Joann Kremer, an SS doctor who oversaw the gassings, testified that: "Shouting and screaming of the victims could be heard through the opening and it was clear that they fought for their lives."^ All they could do was lie there and scream!
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Israeli Court found that the eyewitnesses who testified against Demjanjuk could not be believed!

^ Masquerading as Greeks, the family traveled through Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Austria, eventually settling in Italy, where they lived for several years.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[103] .When they were removed, if the chamber had been very congested, as they often were, the victims were found half-squatting, their skin colored pink with red and green spots, some foaming at the mouth or bleeding from the ears.^ None of the chambers currently have air-tight doors, venting systems for piping gas or exhaust systems for removing the gas after the victims have been killed.

^ Steiner believed different races, which he identified by skin color, had ) ) undergone various karmic sacrifices which left some races inferior to ) others.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Any political opinion or argument coming out of the mouth of a Democrat or Liberal is an out and out lie as the very premises and "facts" which they use to support their arguments are distortion and deception.
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

[102]
.The gas was then pumped out, the bodies were removed (which would take up to four hours), gold fillings in their teeth were extracted with pliers by dentist prisoners, and women's hair was cut.^ They would pick up guinea pigs off the streets: beggars, and take them in to use in these torture training classes.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We would love to send out a sample of our Red Tea Hat Petits Fours.

^ The six gas chambers could take 1,200 Jews; the three-hour process was greatly reduced in time.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[104] .The floor of the gas chamber was cleaned, and the walls whitewashed.^ Leuchter's report found no indication of traces of poisonous gas in the walls of the gas chamber and alleged the chamber was, consequently, a fake.

^ Acting on this scientific principle, Fred Leuchter and several companions traveled to Poland in 1988, where they took samples from the walls and floors of the gas chambers at Auschwitz, Birkenau and Majdanek.

^ In 1988, Leuchter scraped samples from the alleged gas chamber walls in Auschwitz, Birkenau and Lublin.

[103] .The work was done by the Sonderkommando prisoners, Jews who hoped to buy themselves a few extra months of life.^ But what a great, what a glittering prize awaits those who achieve that badge of spiritual greatness - white skin - after working on themselves through many incarnations!
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After almost seventeen months in prison, the trial of the 13 Jews opened in the Revolutionary Court in Shiraz.

^ At any rate, as the war dragged on, the Turks worked to make life miserable for the Jews and the Jews became more sympathetic to the Allied cause.

.In crematoria 1 and 2, the Sonderkommando lived in an attic above the crematoria; in crematoria 3 and 4, they lived inside the gas chambers.^ It is in these death camps that gas chambers and crematoria played important roles, though gas vans were the chief method at several of them.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then there's the "There were no gas chambers" thing, or a variant, "They died of disease and hardship."
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then there's the "There were no gas chambers" thing, or a )variant, "They died of disease and hardship."
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[105] .When the Sonderkommando had finished with the bodies, the SS conducted spot checks to make sure all the gold had been removed from the victims' mouths.^ Other Jewish prisoners -- the Sonderkommando-- were made to clear the gas chamber of bodies and to extract gold teeth etc.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

If a check revealed that gold had been missed, the Sonderkommando prisoner responsible was thrown into the furnace alive as punishment.[106]
.At first, the bodies were buried in deep pits and covered with lime, but between September and November 1942, on the orders of Himmler, they were dug up and burned.^ Can bodies be burned in pits?

^ Then, on June 22, 1942, the Nazis issued an order to begin what they referred to as resettlement.

^ At Rhodes they set up a military dictatorship and for the first time were a sovereign territory.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the spring of 1943, new gas chambers and crematoria were built to accommodate the numbers.^ It is in these death camps that gas chambers and crematoria played important roles, though gas vans were the chief method at several of them.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1933, the Zionists could not have foreseen the death trains, gas chambers, and crematoria.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Do Allied wartime photos of Auschwitz (during the period when the "gas chambers" and crematoria were supposed to be in full operation) reveal gas chambers?

[107]
.Another improvement we made over Treblinka was that we built our gas chambers to accommodate 2,000 people at one time, whereas at Treblinka their 10 gas chambers only accommodated 200 people each.^ By comparison, the United States has one doctor for every 2,000 people.

^ Bondarew blames the invention of the gas chambers, )for example, on one particular "Ahasverite", with a )full name, somebody Berg, if I recall correctly.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Only 200-300 of formerly 40,000 Lublin Jews survived in hiding or were finally liberated in several concentration camps.

.The way we selected our victims was as follows: we had two SS doctors on duty at Auschwitz to examine the incoming transports of prisoners.^ In 1941, the Gestapo took away his two brothers and Joseph was transported to Auschwitz.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The prisoners would be marched by one of the doctors who would make spot decisions as they walked by.^ It was a mistake he would soon regret, for his invasion failed, and Stalin became one of the "Big Three" who led the Allies in opposition to the Axis Powers.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Judging from the signs I saw at the protests a few weeks ago, I would say there are plenty of Americans and Europeans who need to make the same journey.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the one hand they were at risk while walking in the streets, with the yellow star on their chests.
  • Women & The Holocaust - Scholarly Essays 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.theverylongview.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Those who were fit for work were sent into the Camp.^ But what a great, what a glittering prize awaits those who achieve that badge of spiritual greatness - white skin - after working on themselves through many incarnations!
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I was served tea at the home of a man who was in the work camp (depicted in Schindler's List) where the commandant shot at the inmates for target practice.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Those still alive when the camp stopped being used were sent to Sobibor to be murdered.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Others were sent immediately to the extermination plants.^ Other Theresienstadt deportees were sent to their deaths at the Sobibór and Belzec extermination camps.

.Children of tender years were invariably exterminated, since by reason of their youth they were unable to work.^ Fifty years ago in April, she was working in Tobens, a uniform factory, pinning the fronts of army jackets to the backs before they were sewed.

^ But how responsive they are to "Steiner was wrong" or "only human" will vary greatly, and a stock critical argument or reasoning will not work for many anthros.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But how responsive they are to "Steiner was wrong" or "only human" will )vary greatly, and a stock critical argument or reasoning will not work for )many anthros.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.Still another improvement we made over Treblinka was that at Treblinka the victims almost always knew that they were to be exterminated and at Auschwitz we endeavored to fool the victims into thinking that they were to go through a delousing process.^ They go into villages.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have always needed to be victims.
  • Partners in Hate: Chomsky and the Holocaust Deniers 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC www.wernercohn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When a society starts veering into moral nihilism, the first target is almost always the Jews.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Of course, frequently they realized our true intentions and we sometimes had riots and difficulties due to that fact.^ The Germans' special time is now, they are closest to the true spirit of anthroposophy, Michael's mission in our time, the true fulfillment of Christianity.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But a good sign of true anti-Jooness is the whining and bellyaching that “buh I’m just criticizing Israel,” when in reality they aren’t brave enough to do any such thing.
  • Sadly, No! » Shorter Michael Ledeen 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.sadlyno.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to his eyewitness account, “When the people saw our vehicle with the American markings on it, they really went wild.

.Very frequently women would hide their children under the clothes but of course when we found them we would send the children in to be exterminated.^ Under guard, Jewish men, women, and children board trains during deportation from Siedlce to the Treblinka extermination camp.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Two women and five children survived by hiding in a cistern, and were later released unharmed by the Romans.

^ And if it would fail, they would not be found as they were hiding behind Hitler and the Nazis.
  • Why did the Holocaust happen? - alt.religion.scientology | Google Groups 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.We were required to carry out these exterminations in secrecy but of course the foul and nauseating stench from the continuous burning of bodies permeated the entire area and all of the people living in the surrounding communities knew that exterminations were going on at Auschwitz.^ I think some people think I scared him off, but I still feel that if he hadn't yet experienced people reacting with all-out contempt for this, now's a good time.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Jews hold that other nations and peoples are not required or expected to obey these laws, and face no penalty for not obeying them.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Are you going to take my sewer and water away too?’ And maybe you can’t put communication on the same level as running water, but some people would.

.

Rudolf Höß, Auschwitz camp commandant, Nuremberg testimony.^ Rudolf Hoess arrived at Auschwitz to set up camp.


[108]

Jewish resistance

.Jews captured and forcibly pulled out from dug outs by the Germans during the Warsaw Ghetto uprising.^ The Jews of Warsaw have been herded into the Ghetto.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the end of the month of April Jewish resistance in the Warsaw Ghetto began to falter as bunkers were broached by German troops.

^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

The photo is from Jurgen Stroop's report to Heinrich Himmler
Warsaw Ghetto uprising
.Yehuda Bauer and other historians argue that resistance consisted not only of physical opposition, but of any activity that gave the Jews dignity and humanity in humiliating and inhumane conditions.^ Israeli Holocaust historian Yehuda Bauer said in 1989 that it is time to finally acknowledge the familiar four million figure is a deliberate myth.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Yellow humankind is on the path of conserving the era when the spirit will be kept away from the body, when the spirit will only be sought outside of the human-physical organization.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Jews engaged in a range of resistance activities with the aim of preserving Jewish life and dignity despite unimaginable difficulties.

[109]
.In every ghetto, in every deportation train, in every labor camp, even in the death camps, the will to resist was strong, and took many forms.^ They were deported to the Belzec death camp.

^ She bled badly, and on the train to the Majdanek death camp she covered her wounds with leaves for fear the Nazis would kill her because she would die soon anyway.

^ Among the marchers was Norman Frejman, 72, of Florida, who as a child survived the Warsaw Ghetto, deportation to the Majdanek death camp and slave labor in Germany.

.Fighting with the few weapons that would be found, individual acts of defiance and protest, the courage of obtaining food and water under the threat of death, the superiority of refusing to allow the Germans their final wish to gloat over panic and despair.^ In May of 1942, the Superior Court of Cologne finally put Ford Werke in "trusteeship," ruling that it was "under authoritative enemy influence."
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Judging from the signs I saw at the protests a few weeks ago, I would say there are plenty of Americans and Europeans who need to make the same journey.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But, within a few years, a new German kingdom would arise, and become one of the greatest powers in Europe.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Even passivity was a form of resistance. To die with dignity was a form of resistance. .To resist the demoralizing, brutalizing force of evil, to refuse to be reduced to the level of animals, to live through the torment, to outlive the tormentors, these too were acts of resistance.^ These other energies must be acting somehow "in" or "through" that which is present in my thinking.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During the Holocaust, Jews throughout Europe, through individual and collective acts of resistance, sought to undermine the Nazi goal of the annihilation of the Jewish people.

Merely to give a witness of these events in testimony was, in the end, a contribution to victory. .Simply to survive was a victory of the human spirit."^ Versions of Survival: The Holocaust and the Human Spirit.
  • Basic Bibliography of the Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC yad-vashem.org.il [Source type: News]

Martin Gilbert. The Holocaust: The Jewish Tragedy.[110]

.There are many examples of Jewish resistance, most notably the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising of January 1943, when thousands of poorly armed Jewish fighters held the SS at bay for four weeks, and killed several hundred Germans before being crushed by overwhelmingly superior forces.^ The Nazis killed most of fighters, and then burned down the ghetto street by street.

^ The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising continued into its third week.

^ On the Jewish calendar, 61st anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.

.This was followed by the uprising in the Treblinka extermination camp in May 1943, when about 200 inmates escaped from the camp after overpowering the guards.^ When the Nazi-armies invaded The Netherlands during the month of May 1940 the camp-infrastructure including inhabitants was an easy prey.” 1943: Twelve Jewish patients of Herren Loo-Lozenoord, a facility for the mentally disabled escaped from the Nazi's.

^ Under guard, Jewish men, women, and children board trains during deportation from Siedlce to the Treblinka extermination camp.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The noise of a train signified the cattle cars that took about 300,000 Jews from the ghetto to the Treblinka death camp.

.Two weeks later, there was an uprising in the Bialystok ghetto.^ Then, to the beat of a military drum, Peres, Kaczynski and survivors of the ghetto uprising placed wreaths at the foot of the monument, which was flanked by two large iron menorahs.

^ Two weeks later they announced that all parents would have to come to the village to see their sons punished.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising continued into its third week.

In September, there was a short-lived uprising in the Vilnius ghetto. .In October, 600 Jewish and Russian prisoners attempted an escape at the Sobibór death camp.^ Thousands of Jewish prisoners had been marched from other camps to Buchenwald in early 1945.

^ Eichmann deported more than 400,000 Jewish men, women and children just from Hungary to the death camps,'' Safrian said.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Starving" Jewish prisoners at Stammlag 'Konzentrationslager' Camp.

.About 60 survived and joined the Soviet partisans.^ Leon was the only member of his immediate family to survive and eventually joined a partisan group fighting in the Vilna and White Russia area.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His uncle survived outside the camp system by passing as a Catholic among anti Semitic Polish workers and partisans eventually becoming an officer in the Soviet army.

^ About 1000 Jews survived the war in Soviet areas.

On October 7, 1944, the Jewish Sonderkommandos at Auschwitz staged an uprising. .Female prisoners had smuggled in explosives from a weapons factory, and Crematorium IV was partly destroyed by an explosion.^ Outnumbered and outgunned, they held off German troops for three weeks with homemade explosives and a cache of smuggled weapons.

^ They held off German troops for three weeks with homemade explosives and a cache of smuggled weapons.

.The prisoners then attempted a mass escape, but all 250 were killed soon after.^ Jews, set them on fire at night, killing those that attempted to escape.

.An estimated 20,000 to 30,000 Jewish partisans (see the list at the top of this section) actively fought the Nazis and their collaborators in Eastern Europe.^ It was estimated that nearly 57,000 prisoners (mostly Jews) perished in the gas chambers of Buchenwald during its eight-year existence as a Nazi concentration camp.

^ The Mizrachi Women’s Organization of America raised $20,000 at luncheon at the Waldorf Astoria while the Women’s League of Palestine raised $30,000 at a luncheon at the Hotel Astor.

^ Massive day-by-day record of life in the second-largest Jewish ghetto in Nazi Europe - a community that was reduced from 163, 177 people in 1941 to 877 by 1944.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[111] .As many as 1.4 million Jewish soldiers fought in the Allied armies.^ That way, millions of returnees could do what Arab armies couldn't in war after war: overwhelm the Jewish state.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Jews view the red brick convent just outside the barbed wire perimeter at Auschwitz, where some 1.5 million Jews perished, as an affront to Jewish sensibilities.

^ Approximately 250,000 Jewish soldiers (20% of whom were volunteers) served in the U.S. army - roughly 5.7% of the servicemen, while they were only 3.25% of the general population."

[112] .Of these, approximately 40% served in the Red Army.^ Approximately 250,000 Jewish soldiers (20% of whom were volunteers) served in the U.S. army - roughly 5.7% of the servicemen, while they were only 3.25% of the general population."

[112] .The Jewish Brigade, a unit of 5,000 volunteers from the British Mandate of Palestine fought in the British Army.^ Among the mandates transferred was the British Mandate of Palestine.

^ Commanded by Colonel Henry Patterson and organized by Trumpeldor and Jabotinsky, they were a Jewish auxiliary unit of the British Army.

^ This was a polite way of saying that new realities had changed the British view of the Sykes-Picot Agreement and that the British would be pushing for a Jewish homeland in Palestine.

.German-speaking volunteers from the Special Interrogation Group performed commando and sabotage operations against the Nazis behind front lines in the Western Desert Campaign.^ As Reverend George Schenk points out, prior to Kristallnacht "Nazi propaganda had accused the German Jews of waging a 'hate campaign'" against the National Socialist government.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Special trains brought more than 12,000 Nazi volunteers from Czechoslovakia for this purpose.

^ By the time of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, the American stake in German Ford had declined to 52 percent, but Nazi officials argued against a complete takeover.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In occupied Poland and Soviet territories, thousands of Jews fled into the swamps or forests and joined the partisans, although the partisan movements did not always welcome them.^ When a society starts veering into moral nihilism, the first target is almost always the Jews.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Five thousand Jews being taken from Auschwitz and marched to Belsen were herded into a barn.

^ The edict did not cover Moslems or Jews living in France, including “New Christians” who had fled to France because of the Inquisition.

.In Lithuania and Belarus, an area with a heavy concentration of Jews, and also an area which suited partisan operations, Jewish partisan groups saved thousands of Jewish civilians from extermination.^ The Germans deported Jews from all over occupied Europe to extermination camps in Poland, where they were systematically killed, and also to concentration camps, where they were used for forced labor.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At Kielce, Poland, 16,000 local Jews and about a thousand Jewish deportees from Vienna are herded into a ghetto area.

^ I think with the empirical evidence we have now gathered of how supremacist Jews operate, we can state that antisemitism is a healthy reaction to Jewish predations.
  • Sadly, No! » Shorter Michael Ledeen 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.sadlyno.com [Source type: Original source]

.No such opportunities existed for the Jewish populations of cities such as Budapest.^ In the Islamic lands where Sephardic Judaism developed, no such segregation existed.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1943, while serving as High Commissioner he said that Vichy's anti-Jewish laws "no longer exist," promised to hold municipal elections in North Africa.

^ The Old City quite populous with about 50,000 families…The Jewish quarter is surrounded by its own walls.

.However in Amsterdam, and other parts of the Netherlands, many Jews were active in the Dutch Resistance.^ The Dutch West India Company granted Michael Cardoso the right to practice law in Brazil a privilege no other Jew enjoyed at that time anywhere else.

^ The Netherlands has onerous firearms regulations, so onerous many Dutch citizens believe guns are completely banned there: .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To many Germans, the transition from fascism to social democracy reinforces the importance of the 20th of July and other resistance efforts.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[113] .Joining the partisans was an option only for the young and the fit who were willing to leave their families.^ The only reason that we survived was that we were young and fit."
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Leon was the only member of his immediate family to survive and eventually joined a partisan group fighting in the Vilna and White Russia area.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Laval like many associated with Vichy was an anti-Semite who was only too willing to turn French Jews over to the Nazis even before they asked for them.

.Many Jewish families preferred to die together rather than be separated.^ Many Jewish families preferred to emigrate rather than be under German rule.

^ According to the story a group of the leaders killed most the population who had agreed to die this way rather than become prisoners of the Romans.

^ While many Jews have run in the race, none is more famous than the team from the Jewish Special Education Cooperative.

."Many people think the Jews went to their deaths like sheep to the slaughter, and that's not true—it's absolutely not true.^ It needs to be floated if only because so many people here (in the USA and likely elsewhere) don't want to think about the effects of the "total war" waged against Germany, if they are aware of them at all.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq and Israel: A Jew answers back "Many people in this country [England] and around the world believe that to be anti-war you need to be anti-Israel.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Laval like many associated with Vichy was an anti-Semite who was only too willing to turn French Jews over to the Nazis even before they asked for them.

.I worked closely with many Jewish people in the Resistance, and I can tell you, they took much greater risks than I did."^ But he did write about the Jewish people.

^ People need to know what I'm telling you.

^ People spend so much time and energy to acquire it, and then an equal amount of time and energy denying they have it.

Pieter Meerburg. .The Heart Has Reasons: Holocaust Rescuers and Their Stories of Courage.^ Here are the reasons that have impressed me as particularly persuasive in coming to my own conclusion that the Revisionist view of the Holocaust story is the correct one: .


^ Jacob's Rescue: A Holocaust Story .
  • Elmhurst College Holocaust Project and Guestship 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.elmhurst.edu [Source type: News]

^ The Courage to Care : Rescuers of Jews During the Holocaust .
  • Elmhurst College Holocaust Project and Guestship 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.elmhurst.edu [Source type: News]

[114]
.For the great majority of Jews resistance could take only the passive forms of delay, evasion, negotiation, bargaining and, where possible, bribery of German officials.^ Instead, the record shows that the German leader wanted the Jews to leave Europe, by emigration if possible and by deportation if necessary.

^ As of this date Jews could only leave if they had a special permit or were part of a labor group.

^ The rebellious ones who were abandoned are the Jews, of whom the ) great majority are still governed more by the Atlantean faculty of ) Cunning than by Reason.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Nazis encouraged this by forcing the Jewish communities to police themselves, through bodies such as the Reich Association of Jews (Reichsvereinigung der Juden) in Germany and the Jewish Councils (Judenrate) in the urban ghettos in occupied Poland.^ The Jewish community at Radolszell, Germany, was exterminated.

^ Julius Streicher (1885-1946) "ruthless persecutor of the Jews through the party newspaper Der Stürmer" martinls .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Paul Spiegel leader of the Central Council of Jews, Germany’s main Jewish organization, passed away.

.They held out the promise of concessions in exchange for each surrender, enmeshing the Jewish leadership so deeply in well-intentioned compromise that a decision to stand and fight was never possible.^ When the society lady, boasted about having thrown away a book because it was written by a Jew, Ferber and her friends (all Jewish as well) walked out on her.

^ Perhaps they (or at least the Waldorf and/or Anthroposophical leadership) don't reflect deeply enough on the divisions they may be creating by this avoidance and concealment activity?
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At a funeral held this morning in Tel Aviv for a Jewish victim of Arab violence, a clash broke out between Jewish protesters and police.

.Holocaust survivor Alexander Kimel wrote: "The youth in the Ghettos dreamed about fighting.^ A collection of 53 datasets, containing over 320,000 entries about Holocaust victims and survivors.
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See Tim Cole, Holocaust City (New York & London: Routledge, 2003) about the Budapest ghetto.
  • Women & The Holocaust - Scholarly Essays 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.theverylongview.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Survivors can provide as much, or as little, information as they desire about their lives before, during and after the Holocaust.
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.I believe that although there were many factors that inhibited our responses, the most important factors were isolation and historical conditioning to accepting martyrdom."^ Although it is unclear whether people have gone deeper in their religious observance, for many rabbis it is enough for now that they are there at all.

^ There are many possible responses to this outburst: that Res.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Garber and Zuckerman state: "[Wiesel's] adoption of the term was the single most important factor in legitimizing its usage."

[115]
.The historical conditioning of the Jewish communities of Europe to accept persecution and avert disaster through compromise and negotiation was the most important factor in the failure to resist until the very end.^ Another important sense of "H/holocaust" missed completely by the OED definitions: the killing (and also, sometimes persecution) of both Jewish and non-Jewish non-combatants in Nazi Europe.

^ It was the Jews fleeing from Recife who ended up in New Amsterdam later in 1654 and thus began what would become the American Jewish Community.

^ By the end of the month of April Jewish resistance in the Warsaw Ghetto began to falter as bunkers were broached by German troops.

.The Warsaw Ghetto uprising took place only when the Jewish population had been reduced from 500,000 to 100,000, and it was obvious that no further compromise was possible.^ On the Jewish calendar, 61st anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.

^ By then the Jewish population had shrunk from its 1948 high of approximately 100,000.

^ Then, to the beat of a military drum, Peres, Kaczynski and survivors of the ghetto uprising placed wreaths at the foot of the monument, which was flanked by two large iron menorahs.

.Paul Johnson writes: "The Jews had been persecuted for a millennium and a half and had learned from long experience that resistance cost lives rather than saved them.^ SUBJECT (S): Jews persecution Lithuania Vilnius; World War, 1939-1945 Jewish resistance Lithuania; Kovner, Abba, 1918- -- correspondence.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were less than a thousand Jews living in Cremona at this time.

^ More than half of the German respondents to a 1956 poll said German schools should not be named after the conspirators, who were long considered traitorous.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Their history, their theology, their folklore, their social structure, even their vocabulary trained them to negotiate, to pay, to plead, to protest, not to fight."[116]
.The Jewish communities were also systematically deceived about German intentions, and were cut off from most sources of news from the outside world.^ "During the Clearances [Scottish], the sheep forced most of the people from around here to the New World..."

^ There is a partial list of the Jewish communities exterminated by the Germans in the Belzec death camp .
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She seeks to examine what impact the anti-Jewish laws, the German invasion of Hungary in March 1944, and finally the Holocaust had on the existing gender relations within the Jewish community.
  • Women & The Holocaust - Scholarly Essays 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.theverylongview.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Germans told the Jews that they were being deported to work camps – euphemistically calling it "resettlement in the East" – and maintained this illusion through elaborate deceptions all the way to the gas chamber doors (which were marked with labels stating that the chambers were for removal of lice) to avoid uprisings.^ They were deported to the Belzec death camp.

^ They wanted to kill all the Jews.

^ It is in these death camps that gas chambers and crematoria played important roles, though gas vans were the chief method at several of them.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.As photographs testify, Jews disembarked at the railway stations at Auschwitz and other extermination camps carrying sacks and suitcases, clearly having no idea of the fate that awaited them.^ It is clear, though, that millions of Jews "survived" German rule during the Second World War, including many who were interned in Auschwitz and other so-called "extermination camps."

^ An Allied spy plane over Poland happened to photograph Auschwitz while documenting construction of a synthetic-fuels plant providing photographic proof of the existence of the death camp.

^ There were Jews in > > other countries, did they think they can exterminate them?
  • Why did the Holocaust happen? - alt.religion.scientology | Google Groups 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Rumours of the reality of the extermination camps filtered back only slowly to the ghettos, and were usually not believed, just as they were not believed when couriers such as Jan Karski, the Polish resistance fighter, conveyed them to the western Allies.^ It is terrifying to a child to believe their thoughts are just as real as their actions, and they are inclined toward magical thinking anyway, being naturally self-centered and believing that everything that happens relates to them.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Just as they believe that their own views in 2006 are enlightened and tolerant, so did Hall consider his views in 1941 enlightened and tolerant.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But I believe you should at least consider the possibility that it was not just coincidence, because then the implications could be serious not only for Israeli security, but for American security as well.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[117]

Climax

Heydrich was assassinated in Prague in June 1942. He was succeeded as head of the RSHA by Ernst Kaltenbrunner. .Kaltenbrunner and Eichmann, under Himmler's close supervision, oversaw the climax of the Final Solution.^ Breitman, R. (1991) The Architect of Genocide: Himmler and the Final Solution .
  • Elmhurst College Holocaust Project and Guestship 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.elmhurst.edu [Source type: News]

^ JV 6895.J5B74 1987 Breitman, Richard, The Architect of Genocide: Himmler and the Final Solution.
  • Holocaust Bibliography 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.dac.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.During 1943 and 1944, the extermination camps worked at a furious rate to kill the hundreds of thousands of people shipped to them by rail from almost every country within the German sphere of influence.^ So it was a work camp and not a camp for extermination.
  • Why did the Holocaust happen? - alt.religion.scientology | Google Groups 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It influences views on almost every subject.''
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1943 when the ghetto was liquidated, Nathan was then sent to the Płaszów concentration camp and then to Gross-Rosen in 1944 and was assigned to work detail on the Steinburg in both camps.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the spring of 1944, up to 8,000 people were being gassed every day at Auschwitz.^ By comparison, the United States has one doctor for every 2,000 people.

^ Winchell's column appeared in 2,000 papers every day and his 1930's radio show was heard by 50 million listeners.

^ Massive day-by-day record of life in the second-largest Jewish ghetto in Nazi Europe - a community that was reduced from 163, 177 people in 1941 to 877 by 1944.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[118]
.Despite the high productivity of the war industries based in the Jewish ghettos in the General Government, during 1943 they were liquidated, and their populations shipped to the camps for extermination.^ When the Nazi-armies invaded The Netherlands during the month of May 1940 the camp-infrastructure including inhabitants was an easy prey.” 1943: Twelve Jewish patients of Herren Loo-Lozenoord, a facility for the mentally disabled escaped from the Nazi's.

^ And this when we have already established that large British book retailers, high street or web based, receive generous terms from publishers giving them already a large percentage of the available profit.

^ Following the liquidation of the ghetto in 1944, Mr. Kozlowski, along with his father, were marched to Tomaszów where they were put on a train and shipped to Auschwitz-Birkenau.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The largest of these operations, the deportation of 100,000 people from the Warsaw Ghetto in early 1943, provoked the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, which was suppressed with great brutality.^ Early in 1943, the Nazis announced their intention to destroy the Warsaw ghetto.

^ ''Our concern is with the past; our commitment must be to the future,'' said Mr. Meed, who was in the Warsaw ghetto in 1943.

^ Among the marchers was Norman Frejman, 72, of Florida, who as a child survived the Warsaw Ghetto, deportation to the Majdanek death camp and slave labor in Germany.

.At the same time, rail shipments arrived regularly from western and southern Europe.^ At the same time, a convoy left the coast and after a ten hour trip arrived in the beleaguered city.

^ It was also a time when the object of Ford's affection was in the process of overrunning Western Europe after already having swallowed up Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland in the East.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Few Jews were shipped from the occupied Soviet territories to the camps: the killing of Jews in this zone was left in the hands of the SS, aided by locally recruited auxiliaries.^ The Jews were being marched to Mauthasan in Austria from the various death camps and concentration camps that had fallen in the wake of Allied and Soviet advances.

^ Most of the concentration camps were destroyed by the Germans before they fell into Soviet hands.

^ Shortly after the Nazi invasion, Henry's brother and then father escaped to the Soviet occupied zone of Poland while Henry and his mother lived in Bodzentyn, Poland.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In any case, by the end of 1943 the Germans had been driven from most Soviet territory.^ Russian occupation ended however in 1941, when Germany invaded the Soviet Union and Manya's hometown fell into German hands.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the concentration camps were destroyed by the Germans before they fell into Soviet hands.

^ Following the German invasion in 1939, the German’s deported the Jews of the area over the San river, into territory newly annexed by the Soviet Union.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Shipments of Jews to the camps had priority on the German railways, and continued even in the face of the increasingly dire military situation after the Battle of Stalingrad at the end of 1942 and the escalating Allied air attacks on German industry and transport.^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Jews were being marched to Mauthasan in Austria from the various death camps and concentration camps that had fallen in the wake of Allied and Soviet advances.

^ Robert had written: ) ) ))I think it is practically certain that a )large number of Jews died in the German )concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.Army leaders and economic managers complained at this diversion of resources and at the killing of irreplaceable skilled Jewish workers.^ Former Jewish partisan leader and Red Army officer Eliyahu Lipszowicz is murdered by an anti-Semitic Pole at Legnica, Poland.

.By 1944, moreover, it was evident to most Germans not blinded by Nazi fanaticism that Germany was losing the war.^ The price of this commerce-linked exodus was the abandonment of the economic war against Nazi Germany.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Germany collapsed from being on the losing end of a )"total war".
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Recent studies have argued that Argentina offered widespread support to Nazi Germany during World War II, disregarding its official position of neutrality.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many senior officials began to fear the retribution that might await Germany and them personally for the crimes being committed in their name.^ "[That Hitler would not sign a written order] is hardly surprising considering the monstrosity of the crimes being committed," notes British historian Alan Bullock.

^ "All the senior officials denied having documents or relating to the subject and era being investigated," the report said.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But the power of Himmler and the SS within the German Reich was too great to resist, and Himmler could always evoke Hitler's authority for his demands.^ Baron Kurt von Schroder was one of Hitler's closest confidants, and a leading officer of the SS. He was head of the Keppler Associates, which funneled money to the SS for leading German Corporations.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But, within a few years, a new German kingdom would arise, and become one of the greatest powers in Europe.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both books deal with the contradictions between the greatness of German musical cultureand the depths of depravity to which Germany sank while the Nazis were in power.

Budapest, Hungary - Captured Jewish women in Wesselényi Street, 20-22 October 1944
Budapest, Hungary - Hungarian and German soldiers drive arrested Jews into the municipal theatre dated October 1944.
.In October 1943, Himmler gave a speech to senior Nazi Party officials gathered in Posen (Poznan in western Poland).^ In its official history Bertelsmann insists that it was "closed by the Nazis" for refusing to "toe the party line."
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^ The letter also said the nuns, who come from the city of Poznan in Western Poland, could choose to return there.

^ In the name of the Thule Gessellschaft Sebottendorf bought the newspaper Völkischer Beobachter --which later became the official Nazi Party journal.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Here he came closer than ever before to stating explicitly that he was intent on exterminating the Jews of Europe:
.I may here in this closest of circles allude to a question which you, my party comrades, have all taken for granted, but which has become for me the most difficult question of my life, the Jewish question … I ask of you that what I say in this circle you really only hear and never speak of … We come to the question: how is it with the women and children?^ The only reason Israel was partially admitted into WEOG at all in 2000 was because of the insistence of the United States.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Auvergnats always ask why you chose their ‘pays’, can’t understand how you could leave yours.

^ I think it's fair to say that Bondarew does ask questions about the "official" version (or versions) of the "Holocaust" history.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

I have resolved even here on a completely clear solution. .I do not consider myself justified in eradicating the men—so to speak killing them or ordering them to be killed—and allowing the avengers in the shape of the children to grow up … The difficult decision had to be taken, to cause this people to disappear from the earth.^ But it's a debate that seems to cause people to line up on either side and hurl accusations, the wilder the better.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On this day the Muslim ruler Mawlay Yazid entered the city, rounded up all of the Jews, men women and children, and violently stripped them of their clothing.

^ In October 1943, on Sewering's order, Babette Frowis was sent from an institution for handicapped children where Sewering worked to the killing center at Eglfing-Haar.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The audience for this speech included Admiral Karl Dönitz and Armaments Minister Albert Speer, both of whom successfully claimed at the Nuremberg trials that they had had no knowledge of the Final Solution.^ If they admitted to have a soft spot for Communism then the rule book allowed extremes of torture before the "final solution".
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have no double standard, because they have no standard, other than whatever I claim is true, is true, and whatever I claim is false, is false.
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

^ What finally happened to the bodies is still in dispute although they no longer exist.

The text of this speech was not known at the time of their trials.
.The scale of extermination slackened somewhat at the beginning of 1944 once the ghettos in occupied Poland were emptied, but in March 19, 1944, Hitler ordered the military occupation of Hungary, and Eichmann was dispatched to Budapest to supervise the deportation of Hungary's 800,000 Jews.^ The letter, addressed to the military governor of the American zone of Germany, requested that Eichmann be delivered to Hungary to stand trial for participating ``with the instructions of Himler (sic) SS commander in the liquidation work of the Jews in Hungary.''
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Marek Edelman one of the last surviving leaders of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was awarded with Poland's highest decoration, the Order of the White Eagle.

^ At Kielce, Poland, 16,000 local Jews and about a thousand Jewish deportees from Vienna are herded into a ghetto area.

Hitler had personally complained to the Hungarian regent Admiral Miklos Horthy on the previous day, March 18, 1944, that:
.Hungary did nothing in the matter of the Jewish problem, and was not prepared to settle accounts with the large Jewish population in Hungary.^ When Chomsky wrote these words, there was indeed a Jewish mayor in New York, and a large Jewish population.
  • Partners in Hate: Chomsky and the Holocaust Deniers 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC www.wernercohn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His government appealed to the Jewish population to stay, but did not bar them from leaving.

^ The American Jewish Congress and other organizations continued preparations for a march to be held on May 10 in New York to protest Germany’s treatment of her Jewish population.

[119]
.More than half of them were shipped to Auschwitz in the course of the year.^ That's more than half the world.

^ Speaking of deaths and injuries, another 400-600 are killed in traffic accidents every year, generally more, than from terror and crime.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But, logic and good taste have systematically been expunged from the American mind during a period of more than thirty years.

.The commandant, Rudolf Höß, said at his trial that he killed 400,000 Hungarian Jews in three months.^ A least 91 Jews were killed, and 30,000 were arrested and sent to camps in Buchenwald , Sachsenhausen and Dachau.
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Realizing that at the end of their work they too would be killed they (over a period of three months) dug a tunnel 30 meters long with spoons.

^ They met with Adre Steiner and Oscar Krasnansky and described in detail what was happening including plans to murder 800,000 Hungarian Jews.

.This operation met strong opposition within the Nazi hierarchy, and there were some suggestions that Hitler should offer the Allies a deal under which the Hungarian Jews would be spared in exchange for a favorable peace settlement.^ Inspired by Hitler's fanatical fascism, rioters pulled Jews from their homes, destroyed their belongings and beat some of them senseless, in a campaign of violence that the Nazis said was spontaneous but was in fact, cultivated and encouraged by the regime.
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now that we have seen some of the ways in which Chomsky has embroiled himself with the neo-Nazi movement I would like to consider why and how this could have happened.
  • Partners in Hate: Chomsky and the Holocaust Deniers 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC www.wernercohn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is now within modern history a compartment of holocaust studies dealing with the wholesale destruction by the Nazis of European Jewry.

.There were unofficial negotiations in Istanbul between Himmler's agents, British agents, and representatives of Jewish organizations, and at one point an attempt by Eichmann to exchange one million Jews for 10,000 trucks—the so-called "blood for goods" proposal—but there was no real possibility of such a deal being struck (see Joel Brand and Rudolf Kastner).^ There will be no other Torah 10.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But there is no real difference.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1995, the Council had increased its fund raising to $800 million, from $10 million in 1932, and nearly 95% of American Jews lived in communities in the Council's reach.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Escapes, publication of news of the death camps (April–June 1944)

.
Bratislava, June–July 1944. Rudolf Vrba (right) escaped from Auschwitz on April 7, 1944, bringing the first credible news to the world of the mass murder that was taking place there.
^ A new report issued by the World Health Organization offers the first comprehensive analysis of tobacco use and control efforts in 179 countries.

^ Mass murder and other hideous crimes against individual rights do not reflect the "degeneration" or "misuse" of socialism, but rather its essence.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact there are few ) academics ) who take anthroposophy seriously as a subject in the first place.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

Arnost Rosin (left), escaped on May 27, 1944.[120]
Auschwitz concentration camp photos of Pilecki (1941)
Escapes from the camps were few, but not unknown. .The few Auschwitz escapes that succeeded were made possible by the Polish underground inside the camp and local people outside.^ With the help of the resistance movement inside the camp, these two made it out and after two weeks found their way to Slovokia.

^ Lists of 1,800 people in the three camps including birth dates and places, maiden names and, in a few cases, death dates and residence addresses in Breslau.
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm not going to try to work inside that same "box"; I'd rather try to get people to "think outside the box".
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[121] .In 1940, the Auschwitz commandant reported that "the local population is fanatically Polish and … prepared to take any action against the hated SS camp personnel.^ An FBI report dated July 23, 1941 quoted Mooney as saying that he would refuse to take any action that might "make Hitler mad."
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Christian Wirth, SS-Sturmbannführer and commandant of the Belzec, Poland, death camp, is assassinated by partisans in Fiume, Yugoslavia.

^ With the sanction of the local rabbis, the largely Orthodox population worked to improve the defenses of the Jewish quarter even though the work would interfere with preparations for Pesach.

.Every prisoner who managed to escape can count on help the moment he reaches the wall of a first Polish farmstead."^ The first to take up residence was Polish born Louis Gold who arrived in 1872.

^ A court in Spain says a boat skipper has been sentenced to 16 years in prison for the death of 10 Africans who drowned while trying to reach Spain.

^ Aristides de Sousa Mendes, the Portugese diplomat who risked his life and career to help Jews escape from Hitler’s Europe, passed away.

[122]
.In February 1942, an escaped inmate from the Chelmno extermination camp, Jacob Grojanowski, reached the Warsaw Ghetto, where he gave detailed information about the Chelmno camp to the Oneg Shabbat group.^ Among the marchers was Norman Frejman, 72, of Florida, who as a child survived the Warsaw Ghetto, deportation to the Majdanek death camp and slave labor in Germany.

^ The march was to mourn Jews killed at the death camp in World War II and commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising.

^ Black said the punch-card machines were used to codify information about people sent to concentration camps.
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.His report, which became known as the Grojanowski Report, was smuggled out of the ghetto through the channels of the Polish underground to the Delegatura, and reached London by June 1942. It is unclear what was done with the report at that point.^ It has been previously pointed out that I.G., from its inception, was a Rothschild concern, formulated by the House of Rothschild and implemented through its agents, Max Warburg in Germany and Standard Oil in the United States.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They fought with a few weapons smuggled into the ghetto by the Polish underground.

[85][123][124][125] .In the meantime, by the 1st of February, the United States Office of War Information had decided not to release information about the extermination of the Jews because it was felt that it would mislead the public into thinking the war was simply a Jewish problem.^ "The United States declared war on Germany.

^ And finally, NO TWO CASES OF PREJUDICE ARE EXACTLY THE SAME because of the way each person internalizes it into the core of their thinking."
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The only reason Israel was partially admitted into WEOG at all in 2000 was because of the insistence of the United States.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[126]
In December 1942, the western Allies released a declaration, publicized on the New York Times front page, that described how "Hitler’s oft-repeated intention to exterminate the Jewish people in Europe" was being carried out and which declared that they "condemn in the strongest possible terms this bestial policy of cold-blooded extermination."[127][128]
.In 1942 Jan Karski reported to the Polish, British and U.S. governments on the situation in Poland, especially the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto and the Holocaust of the Jews.^ The Jews of Warsaw have been herded into the Ghetto.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Marek Edelman one of the last surviving leaders of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was awarded with Poland's highest decoration, the Order of the White Eagle.

^ At Kielce, Poland, 16,000 local Jews and about a thousand Jewish deportees from Vienna are herded into a ghetto area.

.He met with Polish politicians in exile including the prime minister, as well as members of political parties such as the PPS, SN, SP, SL, Jewish Bund and Poalei Zion.^ The Jerusalem Post reported that Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin had resigned from his post and said that he would not lead the Labor Party into the May elections.

^ Herzl met with Prime Minister Ernest von Koerber during which they had a discussion of the Austrian interior policy.

^ Prime Minister Ehud Olmert met with his Cabinet to decide on the response to the previous day suicide bombing in Tel Aviv.

.He also spoke to Anthony Eden, the British foreign secretary, and included a detailed statement on what he had seen in Warsaw and Bełżec.^ Sykes wrote to the British Foreign Secretary, Lord Balfour, “That the French were hostile to the notion of bringing the United States into Palestine as a patron of Zionism.

^ "Dec 17, 1942 - British Foreign Secretary Eden tells the British House of Commons the Nazis are "now carrying into effect Hitler's oft repeated intention to exterminate the Jewish people of Europe."
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Oliver Harvey, Anthony Eden’s Private Secretary described the British Foreign Minister’s attitude toward the Jews with an entry in his diary stating “Unfortunately AE is immovable on the subject of Palestine.

[129] In 1943 in London he met the then-well-known journalist Arthur Koestler. .He then traveled to the United States and reported to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.^ Soon after Germany's capitulation, Ford representatives from England and the United States traveled to Cologne to inspect the plant and plan for the future.
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^ Birthdate of James Monroe, leader of the American Revolution and fifth President of the United States.

^ Birthdate of U.S. Grant, “savior of the Union” and President of the United States.

His report was a major factor in informing the West.
In July 1943, Karski again personally reported to Roosevelt about the situation in Poland. .During their meeting Roosevelt suddenly interrupted his report and asked about the condition of horses in occupied Poland.^ Nine years later, he headed the first Jewish delegation to meet formally with the Vatican about the Roman Catholic Church's silence during the Holocaust.

^ The suit relies heavily on an April 1945 report from the U.S. Treasury Department about U.S. banking activities during the war.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Herzl has a meeting with representatives of the I.A.C. in Paris who had read the report about the expedition to the Sinai Peninsula.

[130][131][132] .He also met with many other government and civic leaders in the United States, including Felix Frankfurter, Cordell Hull, William Joseph Donovan, Samuel Cardinal Stritch, and Stephen Wise.^ In the United States, Skinheads have demonstrated their willingness to attack or even kill for their cause: they are responsible for as many as 45 murders of racial minorities, homosexuals and even other skinheads.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such facilities in the United States "are not regulated" unless they obtain government funding or acquire pathogens from the government's list of known biowarfare agents.

^ The United States has always been a world leader in insisting upon the equal treatment of Jews and the Jewish state by the UN and the equal application of the UN Charter to Israel.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Karski also presented his report to media, bishops of various denominations, members of the Hollywood film industry and artists, but without success.^ A progress report of the European Commission delegation in Israel, presented to the media describes Israel as the "front-runner" among non-EU members participating in EU programs that range from scientific cooperation to trade integration.

.Many of those he spoke to did not believe him, or supposed that his testimony was much exaggerated or was propaganda from the Polish government in exile.^ And lots of other people did die too, and the guilt for many of those deaths lies much closer to home than Berlin, and with people who did not have the excuse of being the losers in a total war."
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And lots of other people did die too, and the guilt for many of those deaths lies much closer to home than Berlin, and with people who did not have the excuse of being the losers in a total war.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Bains, then-leader of the Communist Party of Canada, points out that many of those who say that Zundel is wrong (i.e., that the Holocaust did in fact happen) also criticize the (to him, unproven) “crimes of Stalin,” which Bains feels is hypocritical.
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[133]
.In 1943 the news about gassing Jews was broadcast from London to The Netherlands.^ Benjamin Meed, another New Yorker, was living just outside the ghetto walls when the rebellion began on April 19, 1943, a Jew with Aryan papers.

^ Beginning on April 19, 1943, about 500 Jews -- armed only with handguns -- managed to temporarily fend off German troops.

^ "They give the remaining Jews money and holy books, take them to New York and London - anything to keep them from going to Israel," says Levitan.

It was also published in illegal newspapers of the Dutch resistance, like in the issue of Het Parool of September 27, 1943. .However, the news was so unbelievable that many assumed it was merely war propaganda.^ It was partially due to this new face of war, and the lack of knowledge the generals had with it, that led to so many casualties.
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.The publications were halted because they were counter-productive for the Dutch resistance.^ Production at Ford Werke slowed at the end of the war, in part because of power shortages caused by Allied bombing runs, but activity never came to a halt.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The court cases, of which Faurisson and his accomplices are inordinately proud because of the tremendous publicity they derive from them, (27) are similar in nature to the Keegstra and Zundel trials in Canada.
  • Partners in Hate: Chomsky and the Holocaust Deniers 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC www.wernercohn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nevertheless, many Jews were warned that they would be murdered, but as escape was impossible for most of them, they preferred to believe that the warnings were false.^ In fact, many Christians and Jews do not even believe that divine utterances are given to humanity any longer.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By the time they finish on the following day, one thousand Jews will have been murdered.

^ Many Jews were exploited by the Nazis before they were killed but that > > > > doesn't make the Nazis sane.
  • Why did the Holocaust happen? - alt.religion.scientology | Google Groups 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[134][135]
Jan Karski, 1944.
.In September 1940, Captain Witold Pilecki, a member of the Polish underground and a soldier of the Home Army, worked out a plan to enter Auschwitz and volunteered to be sent there, the only known person to volunteer to be imprisoned at Auschwitz.^ There were hundreds of concentration camps, but only six annihilation camps (Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Sobibor, Chelmno, Maidanek, Belzec).
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Polish underground only gave minimal help because of anti-Semitism prevalent among many.

^ I would like to have my work removed )specifically from the PLANS site that has appeared there and )misrepresented.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

He organized an underground network Związek Organizacji Wojskowej (translation: "Union of Military Organizations") that was ready to initiate an uprising but it was decided that the probability of success was too low for the uprising to succeed. .UMO's numerous and detailed reports became later a principal source of intelligence on Auschwitz for the Western Allies.^ A year later, Luba was deported to Płaszów for work detail, then to Auschwitz.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pilecki escaped from Auschwitz with information that became the basis of a two-part report in August 1943 that was sent to the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) in London.^ The Reporter of 17 August 1961 titled a review of two books on nuclear war and nuclear strategy, "A Cold Look at the Holocaust."

^ Two escapees from Auschwitz, Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler reached Zilina, in northern Slovakia, where they worked with Jewish leaders on their report.

^ Krasnansky turned their report into the thirty-page long "Auschwitz Protocols" which were then sent to contacts in the West.

.The report included details about the gas chambers, about "selection," and about the sterilization experiments.^ Fred A. Leuchter is America's leading specialist on the design and fabrication of execution equipment, including homicidal gas chambers.

^ Shortly after arriving at Auschwitz, their father was "selected" by Dr. Mengele and sent to the gas chamber.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the Leuchter report, only minimal traces of cyanide could be found in the gas chambers.

.It stated that there were three crematoria in Birkenau able to burn 10,000 people daily, and that 30,000 people had been gassed in one day.^ By comparison, the United States has one doctor for every 2,000 people.

^ A few days later approximately 10,000 books were burned.

^ In July 1990 the Auschwitz State Museum in Poland, along with Israel's Yad Vashem Holocaust Center, suddenly announced that altogether perhaps one million people (both Jews and non- Jews) died there.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.The author wrote: "History knows no parallel of such destruction of human life."^ If you did not know that such a person had really lived, you would have thought his life was the creation of Walter Scott style novelist.

^ Peter Staudenmaier wrote: ))There is no official version [of the "Holocaust" history}.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.Raul Hilberg writes that the report was filed away with a note that there was no indication as to the reliability of the source.^ There's no indication any information was provided regarding ethnic or racial diversity in Waldorf schools.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You will note that during the Easter Season there is a significant increase in these reports for several centuries in different parts of Europe.

^ "So far there are no indications that Ms. Mikhalchuk was the victim of a crime," police said in a statement.

[136] .When Pilecki returned to Poland after the war the communist authorities arrested and accused him of spying for the Polish government in exile.^ Holocaust-era Polish analysis of how to liberate Germany and Poland, published in exile in England.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moltke, who was also active in the resistance herself in the then-German-and-now-Polish city of Kreisau, added that many resistors against Poland's Communist government followed the example of German resistance fighters, many of whom are well known in Poland.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the war, Schmidt was briefly arrested by Allied military authorities and barred from working for Ford.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He was sentenced to death in a show trial and was executed on May 25, 1948.
.Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler, Jewish inmates, escaped from Auschwitz in April 1944, eventually reaching Slovakia.^ Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escaped from Auschwitz with the expressed the intention of telling the world what was going on.

^ Two escapees from Auschwitz, Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler reached Zilina, in northern Slovakia, where they worked with Jewish leaders on their report.

.The 32-page document they dictated to Jewish officials about the mass murder at Auschwitz became known as the Vrba-Wetzler report.^ Poland's Roman Catholic Primate, Jozef Cardinal Glemp, officiated today at a mass honoring the Jewish fighters of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising.

^ I ) pointed ) out to them that they could simply read his pan-German articles in ) volumes ) 31 and 32 of the collected works (providing page numbers etc.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, London and Paris dithered because they were concerned about joining forces with the Communist dictator.

.Vrba had an eidetic memory and had worked on the Judenrampe, where Jews disembarked from the trains to be "selected" either for the gas chamber or slave labor.^ The smooth stuff about how he "doesn't recall" what his fellow anthroposophical Holocaust deniers have written, it's "slipped his memory" and he can't locate passages about how the Jews created the gas chambers, etc.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That's as close as Bondarew comes to saying "that Jews invented the gas chambers".
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1933, the Zionists could not have foreseen the death trains, gas chambers, and crematoria.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The level of detail with which he described the transports allowed Slovakian officials to compare his account with their own deportation records, and the corroboration convinced the Allies to take the report seriously.^ But even as the NPR official claims he was successful, Jurkowtiz reports that not everyone found Klose to be convincing.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Instead, the voluminous German records confiscated by the Allies at the end of the war clearly show that the German "final solution" program was one of emigration and deportation, not extermination.

[120][137]
.Two other Auschwitz inmates, Arnost Rosin and Czesław Mordowicz escaped on May 27, 1944, arriving in Slovakia on June 6, the day of the Normandy landing (D-Day).^ Russia was pushing in from the east, while America had joined Britain and, in Operation Overlord, on D-Day, landed on the beaches of Normandy.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was a strong sentiment for Hebrew since the other two were languages of the Diaspora and Hebrew was "the language of the land."

^ On April 27, 1944, she published the first volume of The Psychology of Women, a two-volume work that explained her theory of women's psychological development.

.Hearing about Normandy, they believed the war was over and got drunk to celebrate, using dollars they'd smuggled out of the camp.^ Following the end of the war, the two were placed in a DP camp outside of Stuttgart Germany, where they were reunited with Barbara's father.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For Bush to speak out now about granting them independence, at a time when they are engrossed in trying to kill Jews, is remarkably ill-conceived and astonishingly inappropriate.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Now, they say that this is all out war.
  • Sadly, No! » Shorter Michael Ledeen 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.sadlyno.com [Source type: Original source]

.They were arrested for violating currency laws, and spent eight days in prison, before the Judenrat paid their fines.^ They weren't told why until a few days before the operation, but it was for the drop on the bridges over the Suez Canal, south of Port Said.

^ They were left with no dignity, naked for three days in prison.

^ They remember the victims of the Holocaust on other days, which were already days of mourning before the Holocaust such as Tisha b'Av.

.The additional information they offered the Judenrat was added to Vrba and Wetzler's report and became known as the Auschwitz Protocols.^ Two escapees from Auschwitz, Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler reached Zilina, in northern Slovakia, where they worked with Jewish leaders on their report.

^ Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escaped from Auschwitz with the expressed the intention of telling the world what was going on.

^ Krasnansky turned their report into the thirty-page long "Auschwitz Protocols" which were then sent to contacts in the West.

.They reported that, between May 15 and May 27, 1944, 100,000 Hungarian Jews had arrived at Birkenau, and had been killed at an unprecedented rate, with human fat being used to accelerate the burning.^ T his album describing the arrival of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz in May 1944.
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The family was deported to Birkenau in May 1944.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They wanted to kill all the Jews.

[138]
.The BBC and The New York Times published material from the Vrba-Wetzler report on June 15[139] and June 20, 1944. The subsequent pressure from world leaders persuaded Miklos Horthy to bring the mass deportations of Jews from Hungary to Auschwitz to a halt on July 9, saving up to 200,000 Jews from the extermination camps.^ It saved 250,000 Jews.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The New York Times reports on Israeli coins.

^ New York Times , 15 Apr.
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[138]

Death marches (1944–1945)

Children from Auschwitz liberated by the Red Army in January, 1945. Although most children were immediately killed upon arrival, this group includes Jewish twins kept alive to be used in Mengele's medical experiments
.By mid 1944, the Final Solution had largely run its course.^ Things would change in 1944 and most of Hungary's Jews became victims of the Final Solution.

^ And Syrkin's 1964 - 1965 Brandeis course, "The Literature of the Holocaust," was, I suspect, the first American university course with "holocaust" in its title and perhaps the first course on an American campus to grapple with the 'Final Solution.'

.Those Jewish communities within easy reach of the Nazi regime had been largely exterminated, in proportions ranging from more than 90 percent in Poland to about 25 percent in France.^ The Jewish community at Radolszell, Germany, was exterminated.

^ The Jewish state in Palestine requires borders more expansive than those of June 4, 1967 .
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a partial list of the Jewish communities exterminated by the Germans in the Belzec death camp .
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In May, Himmler claimed in a speech that "The Jewish question in Germany and the occupied countries has been solved."^ The Jerusalem Post reported from The Hague that reparations talks were suspended after Germany found only a $750m.justification for the joint Jewish-Israeli claim for $1,000m.

^ In the countries that Germany occupied during WW II, there were 1.6 million Jewish children and between 1 and 1.5 million were murdered.
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The present war gives Germany the opportunity and also the duty of solving the Jewish problem in Europe," the memorandum notes.

[140] During 1944, in any case, the task became steadily more difficult. .German armies were evicted from the Soviet Union, the Balkans and Italy, and German allies were either defeated or were switching sides to the Allies.^ Russian occupation ended however in 1941, when Germany invaded the Soviet Union and Manya's hometown fell into German hands.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Germany granted the Soviet Union a merchandise credit of 200 million Reichsmarks (worth billions of dollars in today's terms), to be financed by the German Golddiskontbank.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But thanks to the gritty, desperate defense of the Soviet capital, the German Army has been stopped and what was to have been a lightning war turns into a war of attrition.

In June, the western Allies landed in France. .Allied air attacks and the operations of partisans made rail transport increasingly difficult, and the objections of the military to the diversion of rail transport for carrying Jews to Poland more urgent and harder to ignore.^ Arabs, who are told that the Bible teaches that their land belongs to the Jews, find it more difficult to believe what the Bible says about Christ.

^ The increasingly unstable situation caused more than 40,000 Tunisian Jews to immigrate to Israel.

^ Three hundred Jews from Soly and Smorgon, Byelorussia, were transported by rail westward to Vilna, Lithuania.

.At this time, as the Soviet armed forces approached, the camps in eastern Poland were closed down, any surviving inmates being shipped west to camps closer to Germany, first to Auschwitz and later to Gross Rosen in Silesia.^ U.S. Armed forces liberated the prison camp at Buchenwald, Germany.

^ Among the marchers was Norman Frejman, 72, of Florida, who as a child survived the Warsaw Ghetto, deportation to the Majdanek death camp and slave labor in Germany.

^ As the retreating Nazis were forced to shut down the gas chambers in Poland, they built one at Ravenbruck that opened in early 1945.

Auschwitz itself was closed as the Soviets advanced through Poland. .The last 13 prisoners, all women, were killed in Auschwitz II on November 25, 1944; records show they were "unmittelbar getötet" ("killed outright"), leaving open whether they were gassed or otherwise disposed of.^ They wanted to kill all the Jews.

^ It seems that there are reports that Mohammed al-Dura was never killed, but it was all a PLO stage show: [more] posted by fred @ 9:36 AM .
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They are comfortable leaving millions in the hands of insurance companies all citizens know already "come between you and your doctor".
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

[141]
.Despite the desperate military situation, great efforts were made to conceal evidence of what had happened in the camps.^ The different branches of the United States armed forces have made great effort to make it possible for Jews serving in the military to observe the holiday.

.The gas chambers were dismantled, the crematoria dynamited, mass graves dug up and the corpses cremated, and Polish farmers were induced to plant crops on the sites to give the impression that they had never existed.^ They couldn't give up.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is in these death camps that gas chambers and crematoria played important roles, though gas vans were the chief method at several of them.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then there's the "There were no gas chambers" thing, or a variant, "They died of disease and hardship."
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.In October 1944, Himmler, who is believed to have been negotiating a secret deal with the Allies behind Hitler's back, ordered an end to the Final Solution.^ But the founder of the Wiesenthal Center believes that if the United States would have taken the Hungarian request seriously, Eichmann, who was in charge of the ``Final Solution'' to exterminate the Jews of Europe, might have been found far earlier.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finally, the directive stressed that "The Reichsfuhrer SS [Heinrich Himmler] has ordered that the death rate absolutely must be reduced."

^ Herman Schmitz, who had succeeded Carl Bosch as head of I.G., had been personal advisor to Chancellor Breuning; when Hitler took over, Schmitz then became his most trusted secret counselor.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But the hatred of the Jews in the ranks of the SS was so strong that Himmler's order was generally ignored.^ Finally, the directive stressed that "The Reichsfuhrer SS [Heinrich Himmler] has ordered that the death rate absolutely must be reduced."

^ The policy "to promote the evacuation of the Jews (from Europe) in closest cooperation with the agencies of the Reichsfuhrer SS [Himmler] is still in force."

[citation needed] .Local commanders continued to kill Jews, and to shuttle them from camp to camp by forced "death marches" until the last weeks of the war.^ She bled badly, and on the train to the Majdanek death camp she covered her wounds with leaves for fear the Nazis would kill her because she would die soon anyway.

^ Leon's mother and youngest brother were sent to the Belzec death camp and Leon, his older brother and father remained in the ghetto until 1944.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hundreds of thousands of Romanian Jews were killed by the collaborationist regime during the war.

[142]
.Already sick after months or years of violence and starvation, prisoners were forced to march for tens of miles in the snow to train stations; then transported for days at a time without food or shelter in freight trains with open carriages; and forced to march again at the other end to the new camp.^ Friedman was forced to work in labor camps, and, in January 1945, she and other prisoners were transported for 10 days in open freight cars in the bitter cold to the Ravensbruck concentration camp.

^ Thousands of Jewish prisoners had been marched from other camps to Buchenwald in early 1945.

^ Already, scientists say, the sea's ecological balance has shifted as species lower on the food chain replace some above them.In Mauritania, lobsters vanished years ago.

.Those who lagged behind or fell were shot.^ The Germans shot those who tried to escape during the fire.

.Around 250,000 Jews died during these marches.^ It saved 250,000 Jews.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hundred more Jews would die during the marches from exhaustion.

[143]
.The largest and best-known of the death marches took place in January 1945, when the Soviet army advanced on Poland.^ In late 1945, they were allowed by the Soviet government to relocate to Poland and moved to Bytom, near Katowice.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Jews were being marched to Mauthasan in Austria from the various death camps and concentration camps that had fallen in the wake of Allied and Soviet advances.

^ The advance of the Red Army in 1945 prompted the evacuation of Auschwitz and Saul was forced to march to Buchenwald.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nine days before the Soviets arrived at Auschwitz, the SS marched 60,000 prisoners out of the camp toward Wodzislaw, 56 km (35 miles) away, where they were put on freight trains to other camps.^ Thousands of Jewish prisoners had been marched from other camps to Buchenwald in early 1945.

^ The survivor, Eva Mozes Kor, is seeking damages for alleged experiments done on sets of twins supervised by Joseph Mengele at the prison camp at Auschwitz.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Accompanied by a crowd of a few hundred people in wet weather, Edelman, in a wheelchair, moved on to nearby monuments to leaders of the ghetto revolt, before ending in a square where the Nazis put more than 300,000 Jews on trains to Auschwitz and other death camps.

Around 15,000 died on the way. Elie Wiesel and his father, Shlomo, were among the marchers:
An icy wind blew in violent gusts. But we marched without faltering.
Pitch darkness. Every now and then, an explosion in the night. .They had orders to fire on any who could not keep up.^ If we look at the )history of Anthroposophy, names of people keep coming up: who they were, )what they did, and their ideas; and these people include past and )present followers of the movement.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ First they had to have someone who they could trust to take them, and they needed documents.
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's got to be clear this ) isn't ) a good idea, there are few humans who could live up to it.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.Their fingers on the triggers, they did not deprive themselves of this pleasure.^ No, but they will have to ask themselves what they did to prevent it."
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He adds, however, that both "Opel and Ford did absolutely everything they could to ingratiate themselves to the Nazi state."
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If there is another Oklahoma, they will not have to tell themselves that they did it.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If one of us had stopped for a second, a sharp shot finished off another filthy son of a bitch.^ The bottom line question for all of us is should we part company or continue trying to forcibly impose our wills on one another?
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

^ Peter S. ) )Many of us, in this thread, have asked for Dottie to respond to one )thing or another.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I will follow this message with a second one about another celebrated Initiate, Manly P. Hall.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]


Near me, men were collapsing in the dirty snow. Shots.[144]

Liberation

A grave inside Bergen-Belsen
Starving prisoners in Mauthausen camp liberated on May 5, 1945
The first major camp, Majdanek, was discovered by the advancing Soviets on July 23, 1944. Auschwitz was liberated, also by the Soviets, on January 27, 1945; Buchenwald by the Americans on April 11; Bergen-Belsen by the British on April 15; Dachau by the Americans on April 29; Ravensbrück by the Soviets on the same day; Mauthausen by the Americans on May 5; and Theresienstadt by the Soviets on May 8.[145] Treblinka, Sobibor, and Belzec were never liberated, but were destroyed by the Nazis in 1943. Colonel William W. Quinn of the U.S. 7th Army said of Dachau: "There our troops found sights, sounds, and stenches horrible beyond belief, cruelties so enormous as to be incomprehensible to the normal mind."[146][147]
.We heard a loud voice repeating the same words in English and in German: "Hello, hello.^ So we ) struggled along in simple English with a few ) German words thrown in here and there, and we ) managed to understand each other fairly well.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So we struggled along in simple English with a few German words thrown in here and there, and we managed to understand each other fairly well.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That same title was the source of his German name, Karl der Grosse, as well as his French name, Charle le Magne, which, in English, we contract to Charlemagne .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

You are free. .We are British soldiers and have come to liberate you."^ To the British soldier as you stand guard.

^ Just before the war ended, Joseph escaped from a train transport and hid alone in the forest for eight days he was liberated by British soldiers.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Come on you liberals look at the writing on the walls here .
  • Grayson calls health care crisis 'holocaust' - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

These words still resound in my ears.
.

—Hadassah Rosensaft, inmate of Bergen-Belsen.^ Holocaust survivor Dr. Hadassah Bimko Rosensaft, gave one of the first eyewitness accounts of the horrors of the Holocaust on a Movietone News newsreel that was filmed at the recently liberated Nazi concentration camp of Bergen-Belsen.


[148]
.In most of the camps discovered by the Soviets, almost all the prisoners had already been removed, leaving only a few thousand alive—7,000 inmates were found in Auschwitz, including 180 children who had been experimented on by doctors.^ In all, only a few thousand Jews from the region manage to escape.

^ Most of the concentration camps were destroyed by the Germans before they fell into Soviet hands.

^ While at Płaszów, Bernard and other children were transported out of camp, most likely to be executed.
  • Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive - Interviews 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC holocaust.umd.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[149] .Some 60,000 prisoners were discovered at Bergen-Belsen by the British 11th Armoured Division,[150] 13,000 corpses lay unburied, and another 10,000 died from typhus or malnutrition over the following weeks.^ British forces liberated the Bergen-Belsen camp.

^ Because the British Army was not geared to treat everyone who needed assistance, 14,000 additional prisoners died in the first few days and a similar number perished in the following weeks.

^ They found some 60,000 human beings alive under appalling conditions.

[151] .The British forced the remaining SS guards to gather up the corpses and place them in mass graves.^ Not until May 3, would the Nazi guards give up and slip away trying to hide among the general mass of refugees.

^ Alongside them were thousands of unburied corpses, strewn in every direction, and vast numbers of emaciated bodies in mass graves and piles.

[152]
The BBC's Richard Dimbleby described the scenes that greeted him and the British Army at Belsen:[153]
.
Here over an acre of ground lay dead and dying people.^ The President aimed at laying the ground for the case of the liberation of Iraq: A case that was long awaited by most Iraqis, many Arabs, and most Middle Eastern peoples for so long.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "At least here is proof, some more proof of how people lived and what they did, not that they died," Mrs. Hautzig said.

^ There were also reports of dead bodies floating on the Wouri River in Douala, the country's economic capital, although it is unclear how many people died.

.You could not see which was which ...^ If you shared the same treatment rhythm as someone, you could see their steady improvement, or more often their gradual decline.

.The living lay with their heads against the corpses and around them moved the awful, ghostly procession of emaciated, aimless people, with nothing to do and with no hope of life, unable to move out of your way, unable to look at the terrible sights around them ...^ I accept it, it's your way of life.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some people are protesting / learning ways to get around all the "compulsory registration" so many of these sites now demand, just for the privilege of looking at what they've put up on a supposedly public web site.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While their look is important to them, being a ) Skinhead is not just a way to dress - it is an entire way of life.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

Babies had been born here, tiny wizened things that could not live ... A mother, driven mad, screamed at a British sentry to give her milk for her child, and thrust the tiny mite into his arms ... .He opened the bundle and found the baby had been dead for days.^ Thirty three days after his election, the "Smiling Pope," as he was popularly known, was found dead.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This day at Belsen was the most horrible of my life.

Victims and death toll

Members of the Sonderkommando burn corpses in the fire pits at Auschwitz II-Birkenau. .Courtesy of the Auschwitz-Birkenau museum, Poland.^ Bloomington : Published for the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, O´swiecim, by Indiana University Press and Ksiazka i Wiedza, Warsaw.
  • Elmhurst College Holocaust Project and Guestship 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.elmhurst.edu [Source type: News]

[154]
Victims Killed Source
Jews 5.9 million [155]
Soviet POWs 2–3 million [156]
Ethnic Poles 1.8–2 million [157][158]
Romani 220,000–1,500,000 [159][160]
Disabled 200,000–250,000 [161]
Freemasons 80,000 [162]
Homosexuals 5,000–15,000 [163]
Jehovah's
Witnesses
2,500–5,000 [164]
.The number of victims depends on which definition of "the Holocaust" is used.^ Number of Jewish victims of the Holocaust ( in Number of Jewish victims of the Holocaust ) Bulgaria .
  • Holocaust (European history) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The number of gay Holocaust victims is substantial.

^ In the mid-1990s a number of suits were filed against Swiss banks that held accounts belonging to Holocaust victims but had denied the fact and failed to restore the money.
  • Holocaust: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Holocaust Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Donald Niewyk and Francis Nicosia write in The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust that the term is commonly defined[5] as the mass murder, and attempt to wipe out, European Jewry, which would bring the total number of victims to just under six million—around 78 percent of the 7.3 million Jews in occupied Europe at the time.^ This is just for Jews, not for all victims of the Nazis.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Six torches will be lit by Holocaust survivors in memory of the six million Jewish victims.

^ However, growing numbers of Jews voluntarily moved to purely Jewish settings by 1938, when they were totally barred from general institutions.

[165]
.Broader definitions include approximately 2 to 3 million Soviet POWs, 2 million ethnic Poles, up to 1,500,000 Romani, 200,000 handicapped, political and religious dissenters, 15,000 homosexuals and 5,000 Jehovah's Witnesses, bringing the death toll to around 11 million.^ Within six months, approximately 330,000 Jews had been put to death, according to historians of the Holocaust.

^ Germany granted the Soviet Union a merchandise credit of 200 million Reichsmarks (worth billions of dollars in today's terms), to be financed by the German Golddiskontbank.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Nazis are believed to have killed around 600,000 Gypsies, although Gypsy groups say the number could have been as high as 1.5 million.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The broadest definition would include 6 million Soviet civilians, raising the death toll to 17 million.^ 'Auschwitz Deaths Reduced to a Million,' Daily Telegraph (London), July 17, 1990; 'Poland Reduces Auschwitz Death Toll Estimate to 1 Million,' The Washington Times, July 17, 1990.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[5] .R.J. Rummel estimates the total democide death toll of Nazi Germany to be 21 million.^ From the surviving records, no definitive total is available, but a common range given in historical works is 5.1 million to 5.9 million, while some estimates posit a figure between 6 and 6.5 million.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ An estimated three million people have fled the country in total of a total population of 12 million.

^ Amis writes of an Islamist "death-hunger," comparable "outside Africa" only to what existed in Nazi Germany and Stalinite Kampuchea.

.Other estimates put total casualties of Soviet Union's citizens alone to about 26 million.^ From the surviving records, no definitive total is available, but a common range given in historical works is 5.1 million to 5.9 million, while some estimates posit a figure between 6 and 6.5 million.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Germany granted the Soviet Union a merchandise credit of 200 million Reichsmarks (worth billions of dollars in today's terms), to be financed by the German Golddiskontbank.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Across Europe, politicians try to be culturally sensitive to Muslim citizens, who total 16 million, or 3 percent, of the 495 million people in the 27-member European Union, according to Central Institute Islam-Archives in Germany.

[166]
.Since 1945, the most commonly cited figure for the total number of Jews killed has been six million.^ Since then, millions of Jews have immigrated.

^ However, growing numbers of Jews voluntarily moved to purely Jewish settings by 1938, when they were totally barred from general institutions.

^ The Stalinists did not fabricate stories about inflated numbers of Jews being killed at Auschwitz or elsewhere .
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Yad Vashem Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority in Jerusalem, writes that there is no precise figure for the number of Jews killed.^ The siren followed memorials at the Knesset and the Yad Vashem Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority.

^ In March 1995 the Israel Holocaust Martyrs and Heroes Remembrance Authority, Yad Vashem, made a formal request of the universities of Vienna (letter from A. R. Dafni, vice-chairman of Yad Vashem, to Professor Dr. Alfred Abenauer, rector of the University of Vienna, 23 March 1995) and Innsbruck (letter from A. R. Dafni to Professor Dr. Hans Moser, rector of the University of Innsbruck, 23 March 1995) for an independent inquiry to determine the origins of the subjects portrayed in Pernkopf's anatomical textbook.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many websites to consult for this observance including those supported by Yad Vashem and the Holocaust Memorial Museum.

.The figure most commonly used is the six million attributed to Adolf Eichmann, a senior SS official.^ SS official Odilo Globocnik announced a plan to increase the use of Jewish forced labor and to establish separate work camps for Jewish men and women.

^ Of the most famous to escape along the ratlines were Adolf Eichmann, the chief architect of the "Holoucast" and Dr Joseph Mengele, the "White Angel" of Auschwitz concentration camp.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eichmann told Brand that the highest SS authorities had approved the terms, in which Eichmann would barter "a million Jews" for goods obtained outside of Hungary, including 10,000 trucks for civilian use, or, as an alternative, for use on the eastern front.

[167] Early calculations range from 5.1 million from Raul Hilberg, to 5.95 million from Jacob Leschinsky. .Yisrael Gutman and Robert Rozett in the Encyclopedia of the Holocaust estimate 5.59–5.86 million.^ Hagit Lavsky notes in the Encyclopedia of the Holocaust (Gutman, ed., 1990, p.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[168] .A study led by Wolfgang Benz of the Technical University of Berlin suggests 5.29–6.2 million.^ One of the most authoritative German scholars of the Holocaust, Prof. Wolfgang Benz of the Technical University of Berlin, cites between 5.3 and 6.2 million Jews killed in Dimension des Volksmords (1991), while Yisrael Gutman and Robert Rozett estimate between 5.59 and 5.86 million Jewish victims in their Encyclopedia of the Holocaust (1990).
  • The Holocaust: Encyclopedia - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.experiencefestival.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the most authoritative German scholars of the Holocaust, Prof. Wolfgang Benz of the Technical University of Berlin, cites between 5.3 and 6.2 million Jews killed in Dimension des Volksmords (1991), while Yisrael Gutman and Robert Rozett estimate between 5.59 and 5.86 million Jewish victims in the Encyclopaedia of the Holocaust (1990).
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In parallel, he earned a doctorate in philosophy at the Friedrich-Wilhelms (now Humboldt) University of Berlin, where he studied under Wolfgang Kohler, one of the founders of Gestalt psychology.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[169][170] .Yad Vashem writes that the main sources for these statistics are comparisons of prewar and postwar censuses and population estimates, and Nazi documentation on deportations and murders.^ Among them is Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority, which was established in 1953 in Jerusalem by an act of the Israeli parliament to commemorate the Jews murdered by the Nazis.
  • Holocaust - Search View - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC uk.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among them are Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority, which was established in 1953 in Jerusalem by an act of the Israeli parliament to commemorate the Jews murdered by the Nazis.
  • Holocaust - Search View - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Historians estimate that before and during the war, the Nazis killed some 29 million civilians in concentration camps, ghettoes, military murders and political assassinations.
  • The Holocaust Violence - Harun Yahya 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.harunyahya.com [Source type: Original source]

[169] .Its Central Database of Shoah Victims' Names currently holds close to 3 million names of Holocaust victims, all accessible online.^ Six torches will be lit by Holocaust survivors in memory of the six million Jewish victims.

^ "Look at all the shoes here," she said, looking around at a roomful of 4,000 shoes of all sorts taken from the millions of Nazi victims.

^ The committee ruled that the banks will have to return about a third of the money - some NIS 322 million - to the heirs of the Holocaust victims, if they are traced.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Yad Vashem continues its project of collecting names of Jewish victims from historical documents and individual memories.^ There are many websites to consult for this observance including those supported by Yad Vashem and the Holocaust Memorial Museum.

^ Six torches will be lit by Holocaust survivors in memory of the six million Jewish victims.

^ During the Holocaust, Jews throughout Europe, through individual and collective acts of resistance, sought to undermine the Nazi goal of the annihilation of the Jewish people.

[171]

Jews

Entrance to Auschwitz-Birkenau, 1945
.Hilberg's estimate of 5.1 million, in the third edition of The Destruction of the European Jews, includes over 800,000 who died from "ghettoization and general privation"; 1,400,000 killed in open-air shootings; and up to 2,900,000 who perished in camps.^ By 1995, the Council had increased its fund raising to $800 million, from $10 million in 1932, and nearly 95% of American Jews lived in communities in the Council's reach.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If we look at the )history of Anthroposophy, names of people keep coming up: who they were, )what they did, and their ideas; and these people include past and )present followers of the movement.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Speaking of deaths and injuries, another 400-600 are killed in traffic accidents every year, generally more, than from terror and crime.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hilberg estimates the death toll of Jews in Poland as up to 3,000,000.[172] Hilberg's numbers are generally considered to be a conservative estimate, as they typically include only those deaths for which records are available, avoiding statistical adjustment.^ "The death of Jews" is certain - unspecified number.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If we look at the )history of Anthroposophy, names of people keep coming up: who they were, )what they did, and their ideas; and these people include past and )present followers of the movement.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Only 200-300 of formerly 40,000 Lublin Jews survived in hiding or were finally liberated in several concentration camps.

[173]
.British historian Martin Gilbert used a similar approach in his Atlas of the Holocaust, but arrived at a number of 5.75 million Jewish victims, since he estimated higher numbers of Jews killed in Russia and other locations.^ Since then, millions of Jews have immigrated.

^ That number is not dogmatized by historians of the holocaust.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Other scholarly works have focused on abuse of technology during the Holocaust; one lengthy piece by Holocaust historians Sybil Milton and David Martin Luebke, "Locating the Victim: An Overview of Census-Taking, Tabulation Technology and Persecution in Nazi Germany," appeared in the IEEE Annals of the History of Computing in 1994.
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[174] .Lucy S. Dawidowicz used pre-war census figures to estimate that 5.934 million Jews died (see table below).^ There were apparently something like nine ) or ten million "unnecessary" German deaths *after* ) the war; see James Bacques' work on this.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some 1.5 million people, mostly Jews, were killed at Auschwitz during the Second World War.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were apparently something like nine or ten million "unnecessary" German deaths *after* the war; see James Bacques' work on this.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[175]
.There were about 8 to 10 million Jews in the territories controlled directly or indirectly by the Nazis (the uncertainty arises from the lack of knowledge about how many Jews there were in the Soviet Union).^ How many Nazi concentration camps were there in all?
  • WikiAnswers - Holocaust Questions including "Why did Hitler and the Nazis hate the Jews" 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How many were there?
  • 36 Questions About the Holocaust-Simon Wiesenthal Center Multimedia Learning Center 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC motlc.wiesenthal.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How many are there?
  • Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.datasync.com [Source type: Original source]

.The six million killed in the Holocaust thus represent 60 to 75 percent of these Jews.^ Where were most of the Jews killed in the Holocaust?
  • WikiAnswers - Holocaust Questions including "Why did Hitler and the Nazis hate the Jews" 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the Holocaust an estimated six million Jews died.
  • Holocaust Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not only six million Jews perished in the Holocaust.

.Of Poland's 3.3 million Jews, over 90 percent were killed.^ Between 1.1 and 1.6 million people were killed at Auschwitz; over 90% of the victims were Jews.
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the end, approximately 6 million Jews had been killed.
  • Did Hitler know about the holocaust? A psychological assessment - abelard 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.abelard.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Seventy five percent (75%) of Dutch Jews perished during the Holocaust, the highest percentage in any country in Nazi-occupied Europe, except for Poland.
  • Holocaust Remembrance and Tribute to Survivors of Nazi's Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The same proportion were killed in Latvia and Lithuania, but most of Estonia's Jews were evacuated in time.^ Where were most of the Jews killed in the Holocaust?
  • WikiAnswers - Holocaust Questions including "Why did Hitler and the Nazis hate the Jews" 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mass open air shootings of Jews began in June and July 1941 behind German lines in Lithuania, eastern Poland, Belarus, Latvia and...
  • WikiAnswers - Holocaust Questions including "Why did Hitler and the Nazis hate the Jews" 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the same time the Jews in the ghettos were contending with physical difficulties such as starvation.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Of the 750,000 Jews in Germany and Austria in 1933, only about a quarter survived.^ In 1933 the Witnesses had about 20,000 members in Germany.

^ Jews in Nazi Germany, 1933 to 1939 .
  • Reference for Zionism - Search.com 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC chemmvp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of the 4,000 Jews in Ejszyszki, only 29 Jews survived.
  • THE HOLOCAUST MUSEUM: Why Christians Should Go - August 1996 Issue of St. Anthony Messenger Magazine Online 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.americancatholic.org [Source type: Original source]

.Although many German Jews emigrated before 1939, the majority of these fled to Czechoslovakia, France or the Netherlands, from where they were later deported to their deaths.^ They were deported to the Belzec death camp.

^ The edict did not cover Moslems or Jews living in France, including “New Christians” who had fled to France because of the Inquisition.

^ Usually the history of the Holocaust is written from the viewpoint of German documents and archives,” said Mr. Friedländer, who was born in Prague, escaped to France in 1939 and emigrated to Israel in 1948.

.In Czechoslovakia, Greece, the Netherlands, and Yugoslavia, over 70 percent were killed.^ The countries from which Jews were deported included countries under German occupation—such as Norway, France, The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Yugoslavia, and Greece—as well as countries allied with Germany—such as Italy and Hungary.
  • Holocaust - Search View - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The countries from which Jews were deported included countries under German occupation—such as Norway, France, The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Yugoslavia, and Greece—as well as countries allied with Germany, such as Italy and Hungary.
  • Holocaust - Search View - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC uk.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hundreds of thousands also died in the Netherlands, France, Belgium, Yugoslavia, and Greece.
  • The Holocaust: Encyclopedia - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.experiencefestival.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.More than 50 percent were killed in Belgium, Hungary, and Romania.^ By the spring of 1943, these special killing units kill more than one million Jews and tens of thousands of others.
  • Remembering the Holocaust; Chronology of events. Extensive study. 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC israelsmessiah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More than one million homosexual German men were targeted, of whom at least 100,000 were arrested and 50,000 were serving prison terms as convicted homosexual men.
  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Speaking of deaths and injuries, another 400-600 are killed in traffic accidents every year, generally more, than from terror and crime.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

It is likely that a similar proportion were killed in Belarus and Ukraine, but these figures are less certain. .Countries with notably lower proportions of deaths include Bulgaria, Denmark, France, Italy, and Norway.^ Countries named at various times include Sweden, France, Portugal, Spain, Italy, the United Kingdom and Canada.
  • IsraPundit: 2003/03/02 - 2003/03/09 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC israpundit.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

Year Jews Killed[176]
1933–1940 under 100,000
1941 1,100,000
1942 2,700,000
1943 500,000
1944 600,000
1945 100,000
.The number of people killed at the major extermination camps is estimated as: Auschwitz-Birkenau: 1.4 million;[80] Treblinka: 870,000;[95] Belzec: 600,000;[83] Majdanek: 360,000;[89] Chelmno: 320,000;[85] Sobibór: 250,000.[93] This gives a total of over 3.8 million; of these, 80–90% were estimated to be Jews.^ In July 1990 the Auschwitz State Museum in Poland, along with Israel's Yad Vashem Holocaust Center, suddenly announced that altogether perhaps one million people (both Jews and non- Jews) died there.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Stalinists did not fabricate stories about inflated numbers of Jews being killed at Auschwitz or elsewhere .
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nazis are believed to have killed around 600,000 Gypsies, although Gypsy groups say the number could have been as high as 1.5 million.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These seven camps thus accounted for half the total number of Jews killed in the entire Nazi Holocaust.^ Nazi's killing of Jews.

^ She bled badly, and on the train to the Majdanek death camp she covered her wounds with leaves for fear the Nazis would kill her because she would die soon anyway.

^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.Virtually the entire Jewish population of Poland died in these camps.^ In 1940, the SS and the German Foreign Office had the so-called "Madagascar Plan" to deport the entire Jewish population of Europe to a "reservation" on Madagascar.
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  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All of these circumstances made it relatively easy for the SS, regularly aided by Dutch police officers, to round up the Jewish population.
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  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the Germans had attempted to gas anyone in these rooms, they would have died themselves, as the gas would have leaked and contaminated the entire area.

[155]
.In addition to those who died in the above extermination camps, at least half a million Jews died in other camps, including the major concentration camps in Germany.^ Austrian Jews (800) in Concentration Camps .
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Concentration and extermination camps .
  • The Ultimate The Holocaust - American History Information Guide and Reference 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.historymania.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Who was in the concentration camps?
  • The Holocaust Industry 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.democracynow.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These were not extermination camps, but had large numbers of Jewish prisoners at various times, particularly in the last year of the war as the Nazis withdrew from Poland.^ The Americans later used it as a prison camp for Nazi war criminals.

^ Over time and locale, these people varied.
  • Impact of the Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC sandrawilliams.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He then elaborates: "The whole Gaza strip is a Nazi-like concentration camp, just as the Warsaw Ghetto was after the German occupation of Poland."
  • Institute for Global Jewish Affairs – Global Antisemitism, Anti-Israelism, Jewish Studies 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.jcpa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.About a million people died in these camps, and although the proportion of Jews is not known with certainty, it was estimated to be at least 50 percent.^ Not much is known about Belzec Concentration Camp, where one million Jews perished.
  • Part IV - Holocaust Studies, Anti-Semitism and Related Topics 25 September 2009 1:17 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the Holocaust an estimated six million Jews died.
  • Holocaust Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About how many Jews died in the concentration camps?

.September 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Another 800,000 to one million Jews were killed by the Einsatzgruppen in the occupied Soviet territories (an approximate figure, since the Einsatzgruppen killings were frequently undocumented).^ Since then, millions of Jews have immigrated.

^ By 1995, the Council had increased its fund raising to $800 million, from $10 million in 1932, and nearly 95% of American Jews lived in communities in the Council's reach.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Within six months, approximately 330,000 Jews had been put to death, according to historians of the Holocaust.

[177] .Many more died through execution or of disease and malnutrition in the ghettos of Poland before they could be deported.^ They had been forcibly deported and incarcerated in brutal labor camps where thousands upon thousands had died from exhaustion, malnutrition and maltreatment.
  • The Holocaust Wars -- RighteousJews.org 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.righteousjews.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They are dying by the hundreds everyday in the ghettos, but it is not good enough...we must be pro-active in the extermination process...not sitting by, passively allowing starvation and disease ("ghetto disease") take them slowly one by one!
  • Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.datasync.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Oh, they could, I suppose, decide to die immediately in a gas chamber or they could sort of opt for a slow death through starvation and disease.
  • Matthew Yglesias » Americans for Prosperity Compares Health Care Reform To Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC yglesias.thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

By country

The following figures from Lucy Dawidowicz show the annihilation of the Jewish population of Europe by (pre-war) country:[155]
Country Estimated Pre-War Jewish population Estimated Jewish population annihilated Percent killed
Poland 3,300,000 3,000,000 90
Baltic countries 253,000 228,000 90
Germany & Austria 240,000 210,000 90
Bohemia & Moravia 90,000 80,000 89
Slovakia 90,000 75,000 83
Greece 70,000 54,000 77
Netherlands 140,000 105,000 75
Hungary 650,000 450,000 70
Byelorussian SSR 375,000 245,000 65
Ukrainian SSR 1,500,000 900,000 60
Belgium 65,000 40,000 60
Yugoslavia 43,000 26,000 60
Romania 600,000 300,000 50
Norway 2,173 890 41
France 350,000 90,000 26
Bulgaria 64,000 14,000 22
Italy 40,000 8,000 20
Luxembourg 5,000 1,000 20
Russian SFSR 975,000 107,000 11
Denmark 8,000 52 <1
Finland 2,000 22 1
Total 8,861,800 5,933,900 67

Non Jewish victims

Slavs

.One of Hitler's ambitions at the start of the war was to exterminate, expel, or enslave most or all Slavs from their native lands so as to make living space for German settlers.^ Benedict was enrolled in the Hitler Youth as a teenager against his will and then was drafted into the German army in the last months of the war.

^ Pastor Martin Niemöller, one of the foremost leaders of the German opposition forces to Hitler, preached that it is unfortunate that God permitted Jesus to be born a Jew.

^ Following Hitler's 1939 invasion of Poland, which set off World War II, German Ford became one of the largest suppliers of vehicles to the Wehrmacht (the German Army).
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This plan of genocide[178] was to be carried into effect gradually over a period of 25–30 years.^ The regulations were in effect until the arrival of Napoleon army 25 years later.

^ Schmitz was named an honorary member of the Reichstag, while his assistant, Carl Krauch, became Goering's principal advisor in carrying out the Nazis' Four Year Plan.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[179]
Ethnic Poles
Execution of Poles by Einsatzkommando, Leszno, October 1939
Announcement of death penalty for Poles helping Jews
Polish civilians executed in Warsaw
Auschwitz I patch with the letter "P", required wear for Polish inmates
.The actions taken against ethnic Poles were not on the scale of the genocide of the Jews.^ No indictments were issued and no action was ever taken by the U.S. government against Chase National.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most Polish Jews (90%) perished during the Holocaust, while most Christian Poles (94%) survived the brutal German occupation.^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He has denounced claims of German brutality against Australian and New Zealand POWs as “wild,” has criticized the “untouchable Holocaust mythology,” and writes (p.
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Holocaust-Denial Literature: A Fourth Bibliography 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC york.cuny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This evening, the State of Israel will take time out to remember the six million Jews who perished in the Holocaust, marking the start of Holocaust Remembrance Day.

[180] .German Nazi planners in November 1939 called for nothing less than "the complete destruction" of the Polish people.^ After the destruction of Germany and its "punishment" at Versailles, the German people were perfectly willing to blame their miseries on the Jews.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is practically certain for me that the number of Jews and others murdered by the Nazis was far less than the number of people murdered by Marxists/Communists, including our good buddies the Chinese Reds.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By the time of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, the American stake in German Ford had declined to 52 percent, but Nazi officials argued against a complete takeover.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[181] ."All Poles", Heinrich Himmler swore, "will disappear from the world". The Polish state under German occupation was to be cleared of ethnic Poles and settled by German colonists.^ For, though his diplomacy, blackmail, and instigation, he managed to unite all of the German states under Prussian rule; mainly by giving them a common enemy.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SUBJECT (S): Jew, German United States intellectual life; Refugees, Jewish United States; Political refugees United States; United States ethnic relations; United States emigration and immigration; Germany emigration and immigration; United States civilization Jewish influences.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SUBJECT (S): World War, 1939-1945 prisoners and prisons, German; World War, 1939-1945 atrocities; Jews Poland; Treblinka (concentration camp) ; Poland history occupation, 1939-1945.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[182] .Of the Poles, by 1952 only about 3–4 million of them were supposed to be left residing in the former Poland, and then only to serve as slaves for German settlers.^ People in the mobile-handset business talk about adding customers not by the millions but by the billions, if only they could get the details right.

^ Only about 450 Jews are left in Dvinsk, down from 16,000 from the previous year.

^ Beginning on April 19, 1943, about 500 Jews -- armed only with handguns -- managed to temporarily fend off German troops.

.They were to be forbidden to marry, the existing ban on any medical help to Poles in Germany would be extended, and eventually Poles would cease to exist.^ Of course they would help."

^ Eventually the U.S. would join in, although not until 1941, when Japan bombed , which was Germany's ally, bombed the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor.
  • Crash Course in Jewish History Part 60 - The Holocaust 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.aish.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No one could help the collapsed workers, for they would be beaten also.
  • 80.06.01: The World War Ii Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On August 22, 1939, about one week before the onset of the war, Hitler "prepared, for the moment only in the East, my 'Death's Head' formations with orders to kill without pity or mercy all men, women and children of Polish descent or language.^ Appearing before 5,000 men, women and children gathered to mourn the Jews killed by the Nazis, Vice President Dan Quayle pledged the commitment of the Bush Administration to the memory of those who perished in the Holocaust and to Israel, which he said "was built upon the ashes of the Holocaust."

^ Steiner stated that a delay is spiritually advantageous, but to my knowledge he didn't say children should not read before 14, and I don't think there are any Waldorf schools where they actually aim to prevent all reading before age 14.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Escaping women and children were shot to death and burned.

.Only in this way can we obtain the living space we need."^ Women had to learn not only new ways of living, but they also had to be prepared to take decisions that men had made before.
  • Women & The Holocaust - Scholarly Essays 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.theverylongview.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only plausible way the term *denial* might be applied here is in the sense of *living in denial*, i.e.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Only in this way can we obtain the living space we need...: (Gumkowski, "Poland Under Nazi Occupation" p.59) .
  • savethemales.ca - Was the Polish Holocaust Also a Hoax? 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC www.savethemales.ca [Source type: Original source]

[183]
.Nazi planners decided against a genocide of ethnic Poles on the same scale as against ethnic Jews, it could not proceed in the short run since "such a solution to the Polish question would represent a burden to the German people into the distant future, and everywhere rob us of all understanding, not least in that neighbouring peoples would have to reckon at some appropriate time, with a similar fate".[181] Between 1.8 and 2.1 million non-Jewish Polish citizens perished in German hands during the course of the war, about four-fifths of whom were ethnic Poles with the remaining fifth being ethnic minorities of Ukrainians and Belarusians, the vast majority of them civilians.^ If he had done this earlier, millions of Jews could have lived.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They were determined that the Jews would not suffer a similar fate.

^ ''For us, it was important to tell about the relationship between Poles and the Jewish people in this land.''

[157][158] .At least 200,000 of these victims died in concentration camps with about 146,000 being killed in Auschwitz.^ These included the Lodz Ghetto and Auschwitz concentration camp.

^ There were hundreds of concentration camps, but only six annihilation camps (Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Sobibor, Chelmno, Maidanek, Belzec).
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.Many others died as a result of general massacres such as in the Warsaw Uprising where between 120,000 and 200,000 civilians were killed.^ In the United States, Skinheads have demonstrated their willingness to attack or even kill for their cause: they are responsible for as many as 45 murders of racial minorities, homosexuals and even other skinheads.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The march was to mourn Jews killed at the death camp in World War II and commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising.

^ I don't know how many, if any, of these Jews (and/or others) were killed by cyanide gassing; that's still an open question for me.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[184] .The policy of the Germans in Poland included diminishing food rations, conscious lowering of the state of hygiene and depriving the population of medical services.^ The first, the Reich Citizenship Law, declared that only individuals of “German blood” could be citizens of the German Reich (state), thus depriving German Jews of their citizenship.
  • Holocaust - Search View - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Holocaust - Search View - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC uk.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One Jew is forced to cut the beard of another under German supervision as the local population of Tomaszow Mazowiecki, Poland, watches with delight.
  • Part I - Holocaust Introductory Background Information 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC isurvived.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Transportation, the food distribution system and medical and sanitation services all broke down.

.The general mortality rate rose from 13 to 18 per thousand.^ Infant mortality rates rose.
  • 80.06.01: The World War Ii Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[185] .Overall, about 5.6 million of the victims WW2 were Polish citizens,[158] both Jewish and non-Jewish, and over the course of the war Poland lost 16 percent of its pre-war population; approximately 3.1 million of the 3.3 million Polish Jews and approximately 2 million of the 31.7 million non-Jewish Polish citizens died at German hands during the war.^ Approximately 5,000 Jews served as volunteers in the military during the war.

^ During May, The Bund (Jewish Labor Organization of Poland) appeals to the Polish government-in-exile in London to persuade the Allied governments to warn the German government about the consequences of the murder of the Polish Jews.

^ Ford argues that company headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan, lost control of its German plant after the United States entered the war in 1941.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[186] .Over 90 percent of the death toll came through non-military losses, as most of the civilians were targeted by various deliberate actions by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.^ Distractions such as theosophy and aggressive imperialism notwithstanding, this core doctrine is what best characterizes the mood of Nazi Germany, and it is this doctrine that it shares with the communists of Soviet Russia and the communists of China.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Deaths from the "area bombing" of civilian targets might well be considered to be "murders", but my impression is that the Allies did much more of that kind of "murder" than did the Germans.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Germany granted the Soviet Union a merchandise credit of 200 million Reichsmarks (worth billions of dollars in today's terms), to be financed by the German Golddiskontbank.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[184]
Ethnic Yugoslavs
.In the Balkans, up to 581,000 Yugoslavs were killed by the Nazis and their Ustaše fascist allies in Yugoslavia.^ The Nazis are believed to have killed around 600,000 Gypsies, although Gypsy groups say the number could have been as high as 1.5 million.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before its fall, the Nazi regime had given Ford Werke about $104,000 in compensation for damages caused by Allied bombings (Ford also got money for bombing damages from the Vichy government).
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Others will remember him for The Great Dictator, "a talkie" that poked fun at Hitler and Mussolini when the world was still having trouble standing up to the Nazis and the Fascists.

[187][188] .German forces, under express orders from Hitler, fought with a special vengeance against the Serbs, who were considered Untermensch.^ The official said he saw "no reason to appoint a special custodian for the enterprise" since Schmidt was "a Party member [who] enjoys my confidence and...the confidence of the German Armed Forces."
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pastor Martin Niemöller, one of the foremost leaders of the German opposition forces to Hitler, preached that it is unfortunate that God permitted Jesus to be born a Jew.

^ Thousands of Jews who had fought in the French Foreign Legion against Germany in 1940 are deported to slave-labor camps in the Sahara to build railroads.

[189] .The Ustaše collaborators conducted a systematic extermination of large numbers of people for political, religious or racial reasons.^ I'm uncertain about how "large" that number was, especially in relation to the much "larger" number of total deaths in that war and in politically inspired slaughters of modern times.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm uncertain about )how "large" that number was, especially in )relation to the much "larger" number of total )deaths in that war and in politically inspired )slaughters of modern times.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some for ) ) religious reasons, some for philosophical reasons, some for scientific ) or ) political or pedagogical reasons, and many more besides.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

The most numerous victims were Serbs.
Bosniaks and Croats were also victims of Jasenovac. According to the U.S. Holocaust Museum:
."The Ustaša authorities established numerous concentration camps in Croatia between 1941 and 1945. These camps were used to isolate and murder Serbs, Jews, Roma, Muslims [Bosniaks], and other non-Catholic minorities, as well as Croatian political and religious opponents of the regime."^ Concentration Camp Dachau, 1933-1945.
  • Elmhurst College Holocaust Project and Guestship 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.elmhurst.edu [Source type: News]

^ SUBJECT (S): Jews persecutions Ukraine L'viv; Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) Ukraine L'viv personal narratives; World War, 1939-1945 atrocities; Concentration camps Pologne; Wells, Leon Weliczker, b.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It succinctly describes the measures that were enacted by the central and local authorities, including the humiliation, isolation, and expropriation of the Jews.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The USHMM and Jewish Virtual Library report between 56,000 and 97,000 persons were killed at the Jasenovac concentration camp.^ Only 200-300 of formerly 40,000 Lublin Jews survived in hiding or were finally liberated in several concentration camps.

^ SUBJECT (S): Jews persecutions Ukraine L'viv; Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) Ukraine L'viv personal narratives; World War, 1939-1945 atrocities; Concentration camps Pologne; Wells, Leon Weliczker, b.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eichmann deported more than 400,000 Jewish men, women and children just from Hungary to the death camps,'' Safrian said.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[190][191][192] However, Yad Vashem reports 600,000 deaths at Jasenovac.[193]
.As per the most recent study, Bosnjaci u Jasenovackom logoru ("Bosniaks in Jasenovac concentration camp") by the author Nihad Halilbegovic, at least 103,000 Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslim Slavs) perished during Holocaust at the hands of the Nazi regime and Croatian Ustaše.^ History of Nazi concentration camps.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of them did attempt to negotiate with various Nazi functionaries during the holocaust, which is what Mason's confused formulation below refers to.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.According to the study "unknown is the full number of Bosniaks who were murdered under Serb or Croat alias or national name" and "large numbers of Bosniaks were killed and listed under Roma populations", therefore in advance sentenced to death and extermination.^ The "euthanasia" programs of organized murder began in medicine and ultimately led to the program of mass extermination in the death camps of German occupied Poland [4] .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm uncertain about how "large" that number was, especially in relation to the much "larger" number of total deaths in that war and in politically inspired slaughters of modern times.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Under Catherine, Russia took part in the three-way partition of Poland which gave Russia its large Jewish population.

[194][195]
East Slavs
.In Belarus, Nazi Germany imposed a regime in the country that was responsible for burning down some 9,000 villages, deporting some 380,000 people for slave labour, and killing hundreds of thousands of civilians.^ The Nazis killed most of fighters, and then burned down the ghetto street by street.

^ Speaking in Yiddish to the nearly 5,000 people who were present, Rabbi Israel Lau, the chief rabbi of Tel Aviv, told of his liberation as an 8-year-old boy from the Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald in Germany.

^ Hundreds of thousands of Romanian Jews were killed by the collaborationist regime during the war.

.More than 600 villages, like Khatyn, were burned along with their entire population and at least 5,295 Belarusian settlements were destroyed by the Nazis and some or all of their inhabitants killed.^ Compiled by inhabitants of the ghetto and illustrated with more than 70 photographs.
  • Dan Wyman Books Inc - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.danwymanbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This bodes well for cellphone companies, he says, since owning a phone will suddenly have more value than sharing a village phone.

^ Five more Arab villages had been taken; rumor had it that some 350 Arab fighters had been killed.

.Altogether, 1,670,000 civilians (18 percent of the population) were killed during the three years of German occupation,[196] including 245,000 Jews killed by the Einsatzgruppen.^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Just like the approximately 500 Americans who were killed or wounded during the three British assaults at Bunker Hill in 1775.

^ Hundreds of thousands of Romanian Jews were killed by the collaborationist regime during the war.

[175]
Soviet POWs
Soviet POWs in German captivity
.According to Michael Berenbaum, between two and three million Soviet prisoners-of-war—or around 57 percent of all Soviet POWs—died of starvation, mistreatment, or executions between June 1941 and May 1945, and most those during their first year of captivity.^ During World War I, the British army employs tanks for one of the first times in the Middle East in an attempt to defeat the Turks at Gaza.

^ Given the still recent history/memory of World War Two, it may be unlikely that such restrictions on debate are lifted until maybe a time where there is sufficient distance in time between that war and it's events and the society that looks back on it.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Online ads accounted for just 7.5 percent of all newspaper ad revenue in 2007, evidence that it will be years before digital growth outweighs the print slump.

.According to other estimates by Daniel Goldhagen, an estimated 2.8 million Soviet POWs died in eight months in 1941–42, with a total of 3.5 million by mid-1944.[197] The USHMM has estimated that 3.3 million of the 5.7 million Soviet POWs died in German custody—compared to 8,300 of 231,000 British and American prisoners.^ If an American soldier had done the same to a German or Jap POW he would have been thrown into the brig for life or cashiered out of the service on a Section 8.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From the surviving records, no definitive total is available, but a common range given in historical works is 5.1 million to 5.9 million, while some estimates posit a figure between 6 and 6.5 million.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Germany granted the Soviet Union a merchandise credit of 200 million Reichsmarks (worth billions of dollars in today's terms), to be financed by the German Golddiskontbank.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[198] .The death rates decreased as the POWs were needed to work as slaves to help the German war effort; by 1943, half a million of them had been deployed as slave labor.^ There were apparently something like nine ) or ten million "unnecessary" German deaths *after* ) the war; see James Bacques' work on this.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There were apparently something like nine or ten million "unnecessary" German deaths *after* the war; see James Bacques' work on this.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Chase's Paris branch manager, Carlos Niedermann, worked closely with German officials and approved loans to finance war production for the Nazi Army.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[156]

Romani people

Romani arrivals in the Belzec extermination camp, 1940.
Map of persecution of the Roma.
.Because the Roma and Sinti are traditionally a secretive people with a culture based on oral history, less is known about their experience of the genocide than about that of any other group.^ It is practically certain for me that the number of Jews and others murdered by the Nazis was far less than the number of people murdered by Marxists/Communists, including our good buddies the Chinese Reds.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Robert writes now: I make a remark about Bondarew, and again you went off on a tangent about other people.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There ) are ) lots of bases of this sort, because lots of different people disagree ) with ) various aspects of anthroposophy for lots of different reasons.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[199][200] Yehuda Bauer writes that the lack of information can be attributed to the Roma's distrust and suspicion, and to their humiliation, because some of the basic taboos of Romani culture regarding hygiene and sexual contact were violated at Auschwitz. Bauer writes that "most [Roma] could not relate their stories involving these tortures; as a result, most kept silent and thus increased the effects of the massive trauma they had undergone."[201]
The treatment of Romanis was not consistent in the different areas that Nazi Germany conquered. In some areas (e.g. .Luxembourg and the Baltic countries), the Nazis killed virtually the entire Romani population.^ Pedestrians froze in their tracks, buses stopped on busy streets, and cars on highways pulled over as the country paused to pay respect to the 6 million Jews killed by the Nazis.

In other areas (e.g. .Denmark, Greece, Norway), there is no record of Romanis being subjected to mass killings.^ There is no way that anyone can offer evidence pro or con a belief like Michael being the regent of the earth in the present age.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They were there to seek his support in over-turning a treaty with the Swiss Cantons that resulted in American Jews being subjected to the anti-Semitic laws of Switzerland.

[202]
.Donald Niewyk and Frances Nicosia write that the death toll was at least 130,000 of the nearly one million Roma and Sinti in Nazi-controlled Europe.^ In 1933 when the Nazi party took control of Germany it had 2 million members, comprising only three percent of Germany’s sixty-six million citizens.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Pure Nazism: Muslim cleric celebrates the Holocaust on Egyptian TV 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC hotair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ More than one million homosexual German men were targeted, of whom at least 100,000 were arrested and 50,000 were serving prison terms as convicted homosexual men.
  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, 245 Sinti and Roma were deported to the Nazi extermination camps, of which 190 were murdered.
  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[199] .Michael Berenbaum writes that serious scholarly estimates lie between 90,000 and 220,000.[203] A detailed study by the late Sybil Milton, formerly senior historian at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, calculated a death toll of at least 220,000 and possibly closer to 500,000, but this study explicitly excluded the Independent State of Croatia where the genocide of Romanies was intense.^ Other scholarly works have focused on abuse of technology during the Holocaust; one lengthy piece by Holocaust historians Sybil Milton and David Martin Luebke, "Locating the Victim: An Overview of Census-Taking, Tabulation Technology and Persecution in Nazi Germany," appeared in the IEEE Annals of the History of Computing in 1994.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many websites to consult for this observance including those supported by Yad Vashem and the Holocaust Memorial Museum.

^ I don't recall any of his writings on the "Holocaust" as such, but perhaps they may have slipped my memory.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

[204][205] .Martin Gilbert estimates a total of more than 220,000 of the 700,000 Romani in Europe.^ But more than 1,000 people gathered anyway at a nearby monument.

^ The increasingly unstable situation caused more than 40,000 Tunisian Jews to immigrate to Israel.

^ More than 55,000 protesters crammed into the Garden and surrounding streets.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[206] Ian Hancock, Director of the Program of Romani Studies and the Romani Archives and Documentation Center at the University of Texas at Austin, has argued in favour of a higher figure of between 500,000 and 1,500,000.[207] Hancock writes that, proportionately, the death toll equaled "and almost certainly exceed[ed], that of Jewish victims."[208]
… they wish to toss into the Ghetto everything that is characteristically dirty, shabby, bizarre, of which one ought to be frightened and which anyway had to be destroyed.

Emmanuel Ringelblum on the Roma.[209]

.Before being sent to the camps, the victims were herded into ghettos, including several hundred into the Warsaw Ghetto.^ The Jews of Warsaw have been herded into the Ghetto.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among the marchers was Norman Frejman, 72, of Florida, who as a child survived the Warsaw Ghetto, deportation to the Majdanek death camp and slave labor in Germany.

^ Five thousand Jews being taken from Auschwitz and marched to Belsen were herded into a barn.

[60] .Further east, teams of Einsatzgruppen tracked down Romani encampments and murdered the inhabitants on the spot, leaving no records of the victims.^ On the evidence of this one post alone, he has tracked down or attemtpted to track down no fewer than six of the cyber-breadcrumb trails I laid out for him.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On the evidence of this one post alone, he has tracked down or attemtpted to track down no fewer than six of the cyber- breadcrumb trails I laid out for him.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.They were also targeted by the puppet regimes that cooperated with the Nazis, e.g.^ Arthur Butz argued that although Jews were persecuted by the Nazis, they were not specifically targeted for mass extermination).

^ Butz argued that although Jews were persecuted by the Nazis, they were not specifically targeted for mass extermination.

^ Did they cooperate with the Nazis against the Jews?
  • 36 Questions About the Holocaust-Simon Wiesenthal Center Multimedia Learning Center 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC motlc.wiesenthal.com [Source type: Original source]

the .Ustaše regime in Croatia, where a large number of Romani were killed in the Jasenovac concentration camp.^ Robert had written: ))I think it is practically certain that a large number of Jews died in the German concentration camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I think it is practically certain that a large )number of Jews died in the German concentration )camps during the Nazi era.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The original Nazi concentration camps were established in the early stages of the regime, beginning right after the Nazi party came to power in 1933.
  • Waldorf Critics Archive 0603 (March, 2006) 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.waldorfcritics.org [Source type: Original source]

.The genocide analyst Helen Fein has stated that the Ustashe killed virtually every Romani in Croatia.^ The Ustashe, a Croatian far-right organization that pursued Nazi and fascist policies, is put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers.

[210]
.In May 1942, the Romani were placed under the same labor and social laws as the Jews.^ In May of 1942, the Superior Court of Cologne finally put Ford Werke in "trusteeship," ruling that it was "under authoritative enemy influence."
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On that racial ladder of his, Arabs occupied a servile place, held in much the same contempt as the Jews.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On December 16, 1942, Heinrich Himmler, Commander of the SS and regarded as the "architect" of the Nazi genocide,[211] issued a decree that "Gypsy Mischlinge (mixed breeds), Romani, and members of the clans of Balkan origins who are not of German blood" should be sent to Auschwitz, unless they had served in the Wehrmacht.^ Friedlander H. The origins of Nazi genocide: from euthanasia to the final solution.
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^ Anyone who questioned Nazi high-handedness in the German press was branded a " Conservative Reactionary ".
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She received a few letters from her parents in the beginning but never heard from them again once they were sent to Auschwitz.

[212] .On January 29, 1943, another decree ordered the deportation of all German Romani to Auschwitz.^ Himmler ordered the establishment of Auschwitz Concentration Camp 1941: German troops occupied Athens Greece.

.This was adjusted on November 15, 1943, when Himmler ordered that, in the occupied Soviet areas, "sedentary Gypsies and part-Gypsies (Mischlinge) are to be treated as citizens of the country.^ However, when the Germans overthrew the Badoglio government in 1943, the Jews of Italy, as well as those under Italian protection in occupied areas, were subject to the "Final Solution."
  • 36 Questions About the Holocaust-Simon Wiesenthal Center Multimedia Learning Center 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC motlc.wiesenthal.com [Source type: Original source]

^ June 11, 1943 - Himmler orders liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in occupied Poland.
  • The History Place - Holocaust Timeline 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the camps were located in the area of General Government in occupied Poland, but there were camps in every country occupied by the Nazis.
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nomadic Gypsies and part-Gypsies are to be placed on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps."^ Jews arrested and sent to concentration camps .
  • Remembering the Holocaust; Chronology of events. Extensive study. 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC israelsmessiah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Austrian Jews (800) in Concentration Camps .
  • Holocaust 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC jewishwebindex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Were Jews sent to concentration camps?
  • Holocaust Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[213] .Bauer argues that this adjustment reflected Nazi ideology that the Roma, originally an Aryan population, had been "spoiled" by non-Romani blood.^ April 11 - Nazis issue a decree defining a non-Aryan as "anyone descended from non-Aryan, especially Jewish, parents or grandparents.
  • Holocaust Timeline 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.torahtots.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ April 11, 1933 - Nazis issue a decree defining a non-Aryan as "anyone descended from non-Aryan, especially Jewish, parents or grandparents.
  • The History Place - Holocaust Timeline 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Proportional to their population, the death toll of Romanies ( Roma , Sinti , and Manush ) in the Holocaust was the worst of any group of victims.
  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[214]

Disabled and mentally ill

"60,000 RM is what this person with genetic defects costs the community during his lifetime. Fellow German,[215] that's your money too …"[216]
Our starting point is not the individual:
We do not subscribe to the view that one should feed the hungry, give drink to the thirsty, or clothe the naked … Our objectives are different: We must have a healthy people in order to prevail in the world.

Joseph Goebbels, 1938.[217]

.Action T4 was a program established in 1939 to maintain the genetic purity of the German population by killing or sterilizing German and Austrian citizens who were judged to be disabled or suffering from mental disorder.^ According to the story a group of the leaders killed most the population who had agreed to die this way rather than become prisoners of the Romans.

^ Having defined people as an underclass or a risk to the genetic or racial health of the population, medical science deemed the so called "inferiors" to be appropriate "subjects" who could be selected for enforced sterilization, incarceration, and eventually extermination.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ German citizens who refused to surrender their guns when the "jack-boots" (Gestapo) came calling, were murdered in their homes.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[218]
.Between 1939 and 1941, 80,000 to 100,000 mentally ill adults in institutions were killed; 5,000 children in institutions; and 1,000 Jews in institutions.^ About 100,000 communists were killed.
  • The Holocaust: Encyclopedia - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.experiencefestival.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Between 1939 and 1941, over 200,000 people were killed.
  • The Holocaust: Encyclopedia - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.experiencefestival.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World War II/Holocaust - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Killing of 5,000 Jews in Kaunas by Lithuanian nationalists in June 1941.

[219] Outside the mental health institutions, the figures are estimated as 20,000 (according to Dr. Georg Renno, the deputy director of Schloss Hartheim, one of the euthanasia centers) or 400,000 (according to Frank Zeireis, the commandant of Mauthausen concentration camp).[219] .Another 300,000 were forcibly sterilized.^ On the Island of Cheju alone, within a year as many as 60,000 of its 300,000 residents had been murdered, while another 40,000 fled by sea to nearby Japan.

[220] .Overall it has been estimated that over 200,000 individuals with mental disorders of all kinds were put to death, although their mass murder has received relatively little historical attention.^ The camp at Ravensbrck, located some 70 km from Berlin, was the largest of the German prison camps for women and more than 65,000 of the estimated 130,000 women imprisoned there were either starved to death or murdered.
  • Holocaust, Internet Links 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.atsweb.neu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hilberg estimates the death toll in Poland at "up to 3,000,000."
  • The Holocaust: Encyclopedia - The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.experiencefestival.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Holocaust 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.pustakalaya.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Holocaust 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC articles.gourt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But until the publication of my Death By Government 3 and availability of its auxiliary work, Statistics of Democide , 4 the field has been lacking a comprehensive collection of all the genocides and mass murders to have occurred.
  • COMPARATIVE HOLOCAUST 28 January 2010 0:59 UTC www.hawaii.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Despite not being formally ordered to take part, psychiatrists and psychiatric institutions were at the center of justifying, planning and carrying out the atrocities at every stage, and "constituted the connection" to the later annihilation of Jews and other "undesirables" in the Holocaust.^ This evening, the State of Israel will take time out to remember the six million Jews who perished in the Holocaust, marking the start of Holocaust Remembrance Day.

^ Elie Wiesel, the Holocaust survivor and Nobel laureate, also suggested that the Administration had not done enough to condemn resurgent anti-Semitism in Germany and other parts of Europe.

^ No formal reciprocal order was made by India, but initial political hostility to the idea of showing Pakistani films was superseded in later years by commercial considerations.

[221] .After strong protests by the German Catholic and Protestant churches on August 24, 1941 Hitler ordered the cancellation of the T4 program.^ Right wing fanatics of the " Old Order " who protested firearms registration were arrested by the S.S. and put in jail for " fomenting hatred against the Government of the German people ".
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By 1936, Hitler was suppressing Catholic trade unions, movements and schools, and forming amongst Protestants a militaristic "German Christian" church that would sanction the regime's savage anti-Semitism.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[222]
.The program was named after Tiergartenstraße 4, the address of a villa in the Berlin borough of Tiergarten, the headquarters of the Gemeinnützige Stiftung für Heil und Anstaltspflege (General Foundation for Welfare and Institutional Care),[223] led by Philipp Bouhler, head of Hitler’s private chancellery (Kanzlei des Führer der NSDAP) and Karl Brandt, Hitler’s personal physician.^ Herman Schmitz, who had succeeded Carl Bosch as head of I.G., had been personal advisor to Chancellor Breuning; when Hitler took over, Schmitz then became his most trusted secret counselor.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Head of the Party Chancellery and private secretary of the Fuhrer" Routledge martinls posited Soviet mole codenamed “Werther”, as explored in Hitler's Traitor : Martin Bormann and the Defeat of the Reich by Louis Kilzer .
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Herausgegeben vom Prasidenten der Eberhard-Karls-Universitat Tubingen Abdruck - auch auszugweise - nurmit Genehmigung des Herausgebers.
  • AMPP: German Socialism 20 November 2009 6:06 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Brandt was tried in December 1946 at Nuremberg, along with 22 others, in a case known as United States of America vs. Karl Brandt et al., also known as the Doctors' Trial. He was hanged at Landsberg Prison on June 2, 1948.

Homosexuals

The Homomonument in Amsterdam, a memorial to the gay victims of Nazi Germany.
.Between 5,000 and 15,000 homosexuals of German nationality are estimated to have been sent to concentration camps.^ Jews arrested and sent to concentration camps .
  • Remembering the Holocaust; Chronology of events. Extensive study. 30 January 2010 3:38 UTC israelsmessiah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She was arrested and sent to a concentration camp.

^ He should therefore be sent to a concentration camp.
  • Eichmann trial - The District Court Sessions 16 September 2009 0:24 UTC www.nizkor.org [Source type: Original source]

[163] .James D. Steakley writes that what mattered in Germany was criminal intent or character, rather than criminal acts, and the "gesundes Volksempfinden" ("healthy sensibility of the people") became the leading normative legal principle.^ Rather than getting bound up in esoteric and abstract ideas, this article speaks to the heart of the matter.
  • Holocaust - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 12 September 2009 10:59 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

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