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The Liv-ex Bordeaux Classification is a classification of Bordeaux wine compiled by the British internet and phone-based wine exchange,[1] London International Vintners Exchange (Liv-ex) in March 2009, with an aim to recreate the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855 in a modern economic context, 154 years after the original compilation.[2][3]

Based entirely on the level of prices, with the criteria of wines to be from the Left Bank (including Pessac-Leognan) and be produced in quantities of more than 2,000 cases, and not taking into account any second wines, the Liv-ex classification lists 60 estates, one less than that of 1855. The tiers were sectioned by the First Growths in the range of £2,000 a case and above, the Second Growths from £500 to £2,000, the Third Growths from £300 to £500, the Fourth Growths from £250 to £300 and the Fifth Growths from £200 to £250.[2] The price averages were calculated from the period 2003–2007.[3]

Among the chief differences from the 1885 classification is the placement of Château La Mission Haut-Brion among the First Growths, Château Lynch-Bages elevated from the fifth tier to the second, Château Palmer promoted a tier to become the top Second Growth, and while there are nine additions to the list, ten wines are removed.[4]

Jack Hibberd of Liv-ex stated that the second wines of the estates were a complicating factor, "They obviously didn’t exist in 1855, so we decided to classify each property on the basis of their first wine. It is interesting to note, however, that if they were included as separate chateaux, 12 would make the cut, with Carruades de Lafite and Forts de Latour reaching the level of second growths."[3]

The Liv-ex Bordeaux Classification

Haut-Médoc   Graves  
First Growths
Château Latour Château Lafite Rothschild Château Margaux
Château Mouton Rothschild Château Haut-Brion Château La Mission Haut-Brion[*]
Second Growths
Château Palmer[a] Château Léoville-Las Cases Château Cos d'Estournel
Château Pape Clément[*] Château Montrose Château Ducru-Beaucaillou
Château Pichon Lalande Château Pichon Baron Château Léoville-Barton
Château Lynch-Bages[a]
Third Growths
Château Léoville-Poyferré[b] Château Pontet-Canet[a] Château Malescot St. Exupéry
Château Rauzan-Ségla[b] Château Haut-Bailly[*] Château Calon-Ségur
Château Lascombes[b] Château Smith Haut Lafitte[*] Château Beychevelle[a]
Château Cantenac-Brown Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste[a] Château Branaire-Ducru[a]
Château Clerc-Milon[a] Château Duhart-Milon[a] Château Giscours
Château La Lagune Château d'Issan
Fourth Growths
Château Saint-Pierre[b] Château Langoa Barton[b] Château Gruaud-Larose[b]
Château Brane-Cantenac[b] Château Kirwan[b] Château Talbot
Château Malartic-Lagravière[*] Domaine de Chevalier[*] Château Haut-Marbuzet[*]
Château Prieuré-Lichine
Fifth Growths
Château Lagrange[b] Château Boyd-Cantenac Château Sociando-Mallet[*]
Château Ferrière[b] Château Marquis de Terme[b] Château d'Armailhac
Château Carbonnieux[*] Château Haut-Bages-Libéral Château Haut-Batailley
Château Lafon-Rochet[b] Château Durfort-Vivens[b] Château du Tertre
Château Rauzan-Gassies[b] Château Dauzac Château Cos Labory
Château Batailley Château Grand-Puy-Ducasse

^  New entries not found in the 1855 classification.
 a ^  Promoted in the 2009 reclassification.
 b ^  Demoted in the 2009 reclassification.

References

  1. ^ Ram, Vidya, Forbes.com (July 13, 2009). Wine Futures
  2. ^ a b Liv-ex Fine Wine Market blog (March, 2009). The Liv-ex Bordeaux Classification
  3. ^ a b c Lechmere, Adam, Decanter.com (March 6, 2009). "Liv-ex creates new 1855 Classification". http://www.decanter.com/news/278251.html.  
  4. ^ Goode, Jamie, wineanorak.com (March 9, 2009). "'New' 1855 Bordeaux classification - interesting results". http://www.wineanorak.com/blog/2009/03/new-1855-bordeaux-classification.html.  
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