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The Man Within  
1st edition
Author Graham Greene
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Genre(s) Historical novel
Publisher William Heinemann
Publication date 1929
Media type Hardcover (first edition)
Followed by The Name of Action

The Man Within (1929) is the first novel by author Graham Greene. It tells the story of Francis Andrews, a reluctant smuggler, who betrays his colleagues and the aftermath of his betrayal. It is Greene's first published novel (two earlier attempts at writing novels were never published, but a book of poetry Babbling April was published while Greene was a student at Balliol College, Oxford).

Greene, in his preface to the Penguin paperback edition of the book derides the book as hopelessly romantic.



The central characters are Francis Andrews, Elizabeth, a girl he meets shortly after the man she lives with dies, and Carlyon, the captain of the smuggling boat whom Andrews has betrayed by writing a letter informing the gaugers of the time that the boat will land.


The key themes in the novel are betrayal and a Freudian relationship between the protagonist Andrews and his deceased father.

Plot summary

The story begins with Andrews fleeing his fellow smugglers after a battle with the customs officials that ended with one of the customs officials dead. He stumbles upon an isolated cottage which is the home of Elizabeth. The man whom she lived with has recently died. Andrews helps protect Elizabeth from the neighbors who consider her to be a woman of loose moral character (the novel is silent about whether their view is justified or not). After encountering Carlyon, the head of the smugglers, in the fog, Andrews returns to the cottage where Elizabeth persuades him that he should testify at the trial of the smugglers at the Assizes in Lewes.

Andrews travels to Lewes and gives his testimony in court despite being scorned by the other witnesses for the prosecution as a Judas figure. The trial ends with the smugglers being acquitted and their pledging to revenge themselves on Andrews by hurting Elizabeth.

Andrews returns to Elizabeth's cottage, tells her of the danger. She sends him to the well to fetch water, and while he is gone, he discovers that one of the smugglers has come to the cottage. He runs to get help, but when he returns, he discovers that Elizabeth has been killed by one of his fellow smugglers and Carlyon is sitting waiting for him. After realizing that the only way to betray his father is to hurt himself, Andrews tells Carlyon to leave and that he will take the blame for Elizabeth's death.

Film, TV or theatrical adaptations

In 1947, a film version The Man Within (film) was made of the novel (called The Smugglers in the United States) starring Michael Redgrave as Carlyon and Richard Attenborough as Andrews.

External links



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