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Upsala College, New Orange, New Jersey, 1902

The Oranges (IPA [ˈaɹəndʒɨz]) are a group of four municipalities in Essex County, New Jersey, all of which have the word Orange in their name. All of these communities were named for the ruler of England, William III of England, also known as William of Orange. The four municipalities are the City of Orange Township, City of East Orange, Township of South Orange Village and Township of West Orange.

Orange was initially a part of the city of Newark, but it was originally known as "Newark Mountains". On June 7, 1780, the townspeople of Newark Mountains officially voted to adopt the name Orange.[1] At the time, there was a significant number of people in favor of secession from Newark. However, this would not occur until November 27, 1806, when the territory now encompassing all of the Oranges was finally detached. On April 13, 1807, the first government was elected, but not until March 13, 1860, was Orange officially incorporated as a city. Almost immediately, the new city began fragmenting into smaller communities, primarily because of local disputes about the costs of establishing paid police, fire, and street departments. South Orange was organized on January 26, 1861, Fairmount (later to become part of West Orange) on March 11, 1862, East Orange on March 4, 1863, and West Orange (including Fairmount) on March 14, 1863.

Today, the different municipalities of the Oranges are quite different from one another. Orange and East Orange remain relatively urban and working-class, while South Orange and West Orange are affluent suburban enclaves. In addition, the residents of Orange (75.1%) and East Orange (89.5%) are predominantly African American, while those of South Orange and West Orange are predominantly White (with sizable African American minorities, 31.3% and 17.5% respectively).

While each community has its own independent government, and the four municipalities have no shared governance (other than Essex County), the term is often used to refer to the area, including on highway exit signs. Signage for Exit 47A on Interstate 80, exit 145 on the Garden State Parkway, and Interstate 280 refer to "The Oranges" as a destination.

See also

For other groups of similarly-named municipalities in New Jersey, see:

References

  1. ^ Pierson, David Lawrence. History of the Oranges to 1921: Reviewing the Rise, Development and Progress of an Influential Community - Volume 1. Lewis Historical Publishing Company, New York, 1922. OCLC 3884577. See Chapter XXIX - The Name Orange Adopted, Page 155. Available via Google Books
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