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Logo of the Pioneer Daily

The Pioneer is a medium-sized English language newspaper in India. It is published from Delhi, Lucknow, Bhubaneswar, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Dehradun and Ranchi. The current editor of the newspaper is Chandan Mitra.

History

The Pioneer was founded in Allahabad in 1865 by George Allen, an Englishman who had had great success in the tea business in north-east India in the previous decade.[1] It was brought out three times a week from 1865 to 1869 and daily thereafter.[2] In 1866, a supplement, the Pioneer Mail, consisting of "48 quarto-size pages," mostly of advertisements, was added to the publication.[1] In 1872, Alfred Sinnett became the editor of the newspaper. Although he was later to be known for his interest in theosophy, he oversaw the transformation of the newspaper to one of exercising great influence in British India.[1] In 1874, the weekly Pioneer Mail became the Pioneer Mail and India Weekly News and began to also feature short stories and travel writings.[2] The Pioneer became noted for its politically conservative outlook, and, for example, denounced Lord Irwin (Viceroy of India 1926-31) as a 'Bolshevik' in response to the latter's moderate approach to the Indian nationalist movement. Author Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936), in his early 20s, worked at the newspaper office in Allahabad as an assistant editor from November 1887 to March 1889.[3]

In July 1933, The Pioneer was sold to a syndicate[4] and moved from Allahabad to Lucknow, at which time also, the Pioneer Mail and India Weekly News ceased publication.[2] The newspaper remained a primarily Lucknow-based paper until the 1990s, when it was purchased by the Thapar Group, under L.M. Thapar. It subsequently expanded to being published from multiple locations in India, including Delhi.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Das Gupta, Uma. 1977. "The Indian Press 1870-1880: A Small World of Journalism", Modern Asian Studies, 11(2):213-235. pp 233-234.
  2. ^ a b c National Library of Australia. 1994. South Asian Newspapers in Australian Libraries: A Holdings List
  3. ^ The proprietors of The Pioneer also owned a smaller newspaper, The Civil and Military Gazette, published from Lahore, at which Kipling had worked from 1883 to 1887, and which had served to launch his career as an author.
  4. ^ "When, at long last, the Pioneer—India’s greatest and most important paper which used to pay twenty-seven per cent to its shareholders—fell on evil days and, after being bedevilled and bewitched, was sold to a syndicate, and I received a notification beginning; ‘We think you may be interested to know that,’ etc., I felt curiously alone and unsponsored. But my first mistress and most true love, the little Civil and Military Gazette, weathered the storm." From: Kipling, Rudyard. 1937. Something of Myself, Chapter III (Seven Years' Hard). Available (public domain) at Words: University of Newcastle, Australia.

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