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The Royal Conservatory
Formation 1886
Legal status Active
Purpose/focus To develop human potential through music and the arts.
Headquarters Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Location 273 Bloor Street West
Region served Canada
Official languages English, French
President Dr Peter Simon

The Royal Conservatory of Music, also known as The Royal Conservatory or RCM, provides music and arts education, evaluative standards, publishing and performance to people of all ages and stages across Canada and around the world in pursuit of its mission to develop human potential. The Royal Conservatory’s head office is located in Toronto, Ontario. It was founded by Edward Fisher in 1886 as The Toronto Conservatory of Music. In 1947 George VI incorporated the Conservatory through royal charter. Notable alumni include Glenn Gould, Oscar Peterson, Diana Krall, and world-renowned sopranos Measha Brueggergosman and Isabel Bayrakdarian. Michael Foulkes is the current Chair of the Board[1] and Dr Peter Simon is the President.[2]



The original home of The Toronto Conservatory of Music in 1886
The Toronto Conservatory of Music at College Street and University Avenue, circa 1897
McMaster Hall and Castle Memorial Hall (at left) circa 1906

The Conservatory was founded in 1886 as The Toronto Conservatory of Music and officially opened in September 1887, located on two floors above a music store at the corner of Dundas Street and Yonge Street.[3] Its founder, Edward Fisher was a young organist born in the United States.[4] It became the first institution of its kind in Canada: a school dedicated to the training of singers and musicians, and also to instilling a love of music in young children.[5]

Its initial intake was just over 100 and by its second quarter this had grown to nearly 300 as its reputation quickly spread.[6] In 1897 it purchased a new property at College Street and University Avenue to accommodate its rapid expansion. From its earliest days it was affiliated with the University of Toronto with the purpose of preparing students for degree examinations[6] and shared its premises with the University's Faculty of Music from 1919.

Offering professional training, a national examination system and faculty of distinguished musicians, the Conservatory continued to grow. It became one of the dominant musical institutions in Canada and some of the country’s most famous musicians trained there. Glenn Gould studied theory, organ and piano, graduating at age 12 in 1946 with an ARCT diploma, with highest honours.[7]

In 1947, George VI awarded the Conservatory its royal charter, in recognition of its status of one of the Commonwealth's greatest music schools.[5] The Toronto Conservatory of Music became The Royal Conservatory of Music.

In 1962, with space now a major problem, the University of Toronto sold the College Street property to Ontario Hydro and the Conservatory relocated to 273 Bloor Street West in Toronto, the original site of McMaster University. The concert and recital halls of the College Street site were only partially replaced in the move and the library, residence and all three pipe organs were lost.[8]

The Conservatory was governed by the University of Toronto from 1963 until 1991, at which time it became a wholly-independent institution again, taking control of its building and diverse music programs.[5] Dr Peter Simon was appointed President.[9]

Also in 1991, the Conservatory developed a master plan to renovate its historic building and expand it with the construction of new facilities on the same site. The plan was carried out by Kuwabara Payne McKenna Blumberg Architects (KPMB) in stages, initially with the renovation of Mazzoleni Hall in 1997[10]. The new construction is named the Telus Centre for Performance and Learning and features academic and performance spaces, the acoustically sound 1,135-seat Koerner concert hall, studios and classrooms, a new-media centre, a library, and a rehearsal hall.[11] During the renovations, the Conservatory temporarily relocated to the former location of Toronto District School Board's Ursula Franklin Academy, located in the Dufferin and Bloor West area[12][13] but in September 2008 returned to a newly-renovated and expanded 273 Bloor Street West. Koerner Hall opened on September 25, 2009, beginning a new age of large-scale performances at The Royal Conservatory.[14]

The work of The Royal Conservatory

The Royal Conservatory is a not-for-profit organisation and offers a wide range of music and arts programs and performances for people at all stages of their lives and learning. From its base in Toronto, the programs provide music and arts education and performance to virtually every Canadian community, reaching around 500,000 people a year[15] as it continues with its mandate of developing human potential through music and the arts.[16] RCM's work is divided into seven distinct divisions.



Through its performance division, The Royal Conservatory aims to showcase the work of its own students as well as the very best jazz, world, pop and classical music acts from Canada and around the world in its own concert venues:

Koerner Hall

Named in honour of donors Michael and Sonja Koerner, Koerner Hall opened in September 2009 and has 1,135 seats. It was designed by KPMB Architects to achieve a world-class N1 acoustic rating. The design is based on the classical European shoe-box format and features two balcony tiers above the main orchestra level as well as a third technical balcony.[17] The space was carefully sculpted to provide optimal sightlines for everyone in the audience and the signature element of Koerner Hall is an acoustically transparent veil of twisting oak strings which forms the backdrop for the chorus at the first balcony level, then hovers over the stage below the fixed acoustic canopy, extending into and over the hall at the technical balcony level.[18] Completion of the project also includes three tiers of glass fronted lobbies overlooking Philosopher’s Walk, back-of-house areas for performers, the café at the ground floor level, and installation of a unique collection of antique musical instruments donated by the Koerner family and valued at $1 million.[19] Each level is also equipped to host a variety of private functions.

Mazzoleni Hall

Mazzoleni Hall is 6,000 square feet with 237 seats and joined to RCM's main Toronto heritage building.[20] When it originally opened in 1901, it was known as Castle Memorial Hall. At that time it had a chapel with stained glass windows on the ground floor level and a library on the lower level. By the 1960s, the University of Toronto, which used the space as a lecture hall, had bricked up the windows and removed a rear balcony.[21] In 1996 the Conservatory announced its plan to restore the hall to its original elegance. The renovations, which were carefully planned by Kuwabara Payne McKenna Blumberg Architects, included adding a raked floor, reopening the windows, restoring the wood, installing proper heating and air conditioning, building the acoustic panels and enlarging the stage.[22] The hall was named in honour of Ettore Mazzoleni, a former principal at the RCM.[23]

Conservatory Theatre

"A granite cube which floats above Bloor Street,"[24] this multipurpose performance and event space is located on level 2 of the Telus Centre for Performance and Learning. It has space for up to 150 seats and is designed to accommodate a range of functions, including special events, rehearsals and Learning Through The Arts.[25] In scale and proportion it replicates the acoustic quality and stage size of the main Koerner Hall to prepare students for live performance.

Illustrations of performance spaces at the Royal Conservatory of Music
[[|center|border|180x180px|alt=|Koerner Hall ]]
Koerner Hall  
Conservatory Theatre  

The Glenn Gould School

A centre for professional training in classical music performance at post-secondary and post-bachelor levels, The Glenn Gould School (GGS) was created in 1987. Originally called The Royal Conservatory of Music Professional School, it was renamed in 1997 to honour Toronto-born piano virtuoso and former pupil Glenn Gould. Enrolment is limited to 130[26] and it is supported by funding from the Department of Canadian Heritage through the National Arts Contribution Program.[27] The faculty consists of internationally acclaimed performers, teachers and scholars.[28]

Diplomas and certificates offered

A four-year Performance Diploma in piano, voice and all orchestral instruments is offered by The Glenn Gould School and designed for high school graduates who wish to prepare for a career as a performer. An articulation agreement with Thompson Rivers University also gives students the opportunity to obtain a Bachelor of Music degree. The Artist Diploma is a two-year post-bachelor program for piano, voice, orchestral instruments, and in performance and pedagogy.[29]

Artists of The Royal Conservatory

Established in 2002, Artists of The Royal Conservatory (ARC), is composed of faculty members of The Glenn Gould School of The Royal Conservatory in Toronto and led by Artistic Director Simon Wynberg. All are seasoned chamber musicians and veteran performers, either as soloists or as principals in major orchestras. They have dedicated themselves to the performance of both the traditional chamber music canon and the rediscovery of repertoire that, through political changes or shifts in musical fashion, have been ignored or marginalized.[30] In 2008 their album Right Through The Bone, an album devoted to the music of German-Dutch composer Julius Röntgen, was nominated for two Grammy Awards in the categories of Best Chamber Music Performance and Producer of the Year, Classical.[31] They were previously nominated for a 2007 Grammy and Juno Award for their album On the Threshold of Hope.[32]

The Royal Conservatory School

The Royal Conservatory School, formerly called the Community School, is the RCM's oldest division. The school offers classes and private lessons in classical, popular, folk, jazz, world music and the arts to people of all ages, levels, abilities and backgrounds.[33] Its diverse set of courses cover training in virtually every instrument, from piano, trumpet and violin, to fiddle, erhu, cavaquinho and taiko drums. It is one of the largest and most extensive community-based music and arts schools in North America and has more than 6,000 students of all ages, from infants under six months to those over 90 years old.[34] The faculty include PhD graduates, RCM Examiners, musicians and teacher trainers. Along with the standard examinations, the school offers the three-year Royal Diploma Program, a structured music education program for children ages 3–13, which incorporates the Suzuki method with the RCM's own expertise.[35] In 1993, the RCM partnered with the Chang School of Continuing Education at Ryerson University to offer an advanced certificate in Early Childhood Music Education to certified school teachers, early childhood educators and ARCT diplomates.[36]

In 1983, the RCS opened its first satellite campus, located at the historic Adamson Estate in Mississauga, to serve the Mississauga and Etobicoke community.[34][37] A small selection of courses are offered each semester by the School, each corresponding to a downtown course. The site has its own site-specific faculty, though many are also members of the core staff downtown.[38]

In the Lawrence Park area, the Smart Starts series of courses are now offered at the Glenview Sr. Public School exclusively for children under age 5 and their parents.[37][39]

In January 2009, the RC School launched its first school outside the Greater Toronto Area, at the Telus Virtual Learning Centre in Calgary, Alberta.[34]

Learning Through The Arts

Learning Through The Arts (LTTA) is an educational initiative to help public school teachers motivate their students using the arts.[40] It provides creative tools to engage all students in math, science, language, arts and social studies and offers a way forward for young people who have struggled to learn through traditional means such as books or lectures. It currently reaches 100,000 children each year and is used in 400 schools across Canada.[41] The Mentor Artist-Educator Certificate is administered through this program.[42]

The Young Artists Performance Academy

The Young Artists Performance Academy (YAPA) provides performance training to gifted young classical musicians aged between 7 and 17. Working with internationally acclaimed faculty and guest artists, Academy students strive to achieve outstanding levels of artistry. After a competitive audition and interview, accepted students are streamed into Junior, Intermediate or Senior Academy programs. This comprehensive program develops performance skills, musicianship and academic excellence.[43] Most Academy activities take place on Friday evenings and Saturdays but students are expected to practice daily and are given regular assignments. Through the support of private individuals and foundations, financial assistance is available for all students.[44]

RCM Examinations

Boy walking up the steps to The Royal Conservatory to take an exam.

Based in Mississauga, the largest division of The Royal Conservatory of Music sets and supports standards in music examinations across Canada and internationally.[45]

Certificate Program

The curriculum of The Royal Conservatory of Music is made available and accessible to students across North America through the RCM Examinations Certificate Program. Examinations are conducted three times each year in more than 300 communities through a network of local centres. Each centre has a local Examination Centre Representative whose role is to provide information, assist teachers and students, and ensure a successful examination experience. The Certificate Program encompasses all levels and spans 11 grades from beginner to certification as an Associate of The Royal Conservatory of Music (ARCT).[46]


Achievement in RCM Examinations is recognized for credit toward secondary school graduation in many school systems in Canada. For most provinces in Canada, a Grade 6 Certificate counts as Grade 10 credit, a Grade 7 Certificate (with a Grade 1 theory certificate) counts as Grade 11 credit, and a Grade 8 (with grade 2 theory) counts as Grade 12 credit. Standing in the Certificate Program of RCM Examinations also plays an important role in entrance requirements for professional music programs at many universities and colleges.[47]

Frederick Harris Music

The oldest and largest print-music publisher in Canada, based in Mississauga, Ontario. Frederick Harris (1866–1945) devoted his life to music publishing. He began his career in England working for a large music publishing firm. In 1904 he set up his own business in London and in 1910, established a Canadian office in Toronto marking the beginning of a long association with The Royal Conservatory of Music which resulted in an increased emphasis on publications for teaching and learning.[48] In 1944 the company was donated to the Conservatory with profits to be used for its own purposes.[49]

Notable alumni

Many who attended The Royal Conservatory's classes and lessons, or who took RCM music exams have gone on to success inside and out of the music industry. Past students include:

Name Description
Glenn Gould[50] One of the best-known and most celebrated pianists of the 20th century.
Oscar Peterson World famous jazz pianist and composer called the "Maharaja of the keyboard" by Duke Ellington.
Diana Krall Grammy Award-winning jazz pianist and singer known for her contralto vocals.
Measha Brueggergosman World-renowned soprano who performs both as a concert artist and opera singer.
Isabel Bayrakdarian[51] World-renowned soprano and winner of four Juno Awards.[52]
Amanda Marshall[53] Juno-nominated Canadian pop-rock singer.
Paul Shaffer[54] Band leader on The Late Show with David Letterman and 2006 inductee to Canada's Walk of Fame.[55]
Norman Jewison[56] Oscar-nominated film director, producer and actor known for In the Heat of the Night and founder of the Canadian Film Centre.
Martin Beaver[57] Award-winning violinist and member of the Tokyo String Quartet.
Mario Bernardi Canadian conductor and pianist who has conducted 75 different operas and over 450 other works with the National Arts Centre Orchestra.
Geoffrey Moull Canadian conductor and pianist, Principal Conductor of the Bielefeld Opera in Germany and Music Director of the Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra
Jon Vickers[58][59] Legendary tenor with the Metropolitan Opera.
Jesse Cook[60] Toronto-based Nuevo Flamenco guitarist, born in Paris.
Naida Cole[61] Pianist who performed with Montreal Symphony Orchestra, National Arts Centre Orchestras and others.
Teresa Stratas[62] Operatic soprano who joined the Metropolitan Opera and performed around the world.
Loreena McKennitt[63] Singer, composer, harpist and pianist most famous for writing, recording and performing world music with Celtic and Middle Eastern themes.
Robert Goulet[64] Grammy and Tony Award winning singer and actor.
Lois Marshall[65] Soprano who is a holder of the Order of Canada.
St. Lawrence Quartet[66] String quartet and one of Canada's premiere chamber ensembles founded in 1989.
Mitchell Sharp Former Canadian Minister of Finance.[67]
Norbert Kraft[68] Accomplished classical guitarist who made major contributions to The Royal Conservatory's guitar repertoire.
Angela Hewitt[69] One of the world's foremost Bach pianists.
Howard Cable[69] Composer of wind ensemble/concert band repertoire. Composed and arranged original theme for Hockey Night in Canada.
George Crum[70] A renowned conductor and coach. Studied at RCM 1943-7 and later became first chorus master.
Aline Chrétien[71] Wife of former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien. Now chairs RCM's National Advisory Board.[72]
Adrienne Clarkson Governor General of Canada 1999-2005 and previously a host, writer and producer of several programs on CBC Television.[73]
Bruce Cockburn[74] Folk rock guitarist and singer/songwriter, who was inducted in the Canadian Music Hall of Fame.[75]
David Foster Grammy-winning musician, producer and composer.[76]
Lawrence Gowan Current keyboardist and vocalist of Styx and solo artist.
Stephen Harper[77] Canadian Prime Minister.
Peter Simon President of The Royal Conservatory since 1991 who began his musical education as a student of Boris Berlin.[78]
Eli Kassner Founder of the Guitar Society of Toronto and world-renowned guitar teacher.[79]
Greg Wells[80] Record producer, composer, and multi-instrumentalist with Rufus Wainwright, Pink, Natasha Bedingfield and others.
Rafael Villanueva[81] Associate Director of Dominican National Symphonic Orchestra.
Angela Elster Vice President, Academic at The Royal Conservatory and accomplished musical educator.
Robert Fleming Composer, pianist, organist, choirmaster and teacher born in in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan.
George Gao A Chinese-born erhu player and composer.
Leila Fletcher Arranger and teacher from Ontario.

Notable future alumni

There are many current Royal Conservatory students already making a name for themselves in Canada and internationally, including:

Past and present teachers

Many talented performers, musicians and pedagogues from around the world have taught and trained students at The Royal Conservatory since 1886. Some famous past and present teachers include:

Name Description
Healey Willan[82] Appointed head of the theory department in 1913 and was vice-principal from 1920 until 1936.[83]
Sir Ernest MacMillan[84] Conductor, organist, pianist and composer appointed principal in 1926.
Alberto Guerrero[85] Born in Chile and taught at The Royal Conservatory from 1922 to 1959.
Boyd Neel Dean of the Conservatory from 1953 to 1971.[86]
Lorand Fenyves[87] Outstanding Budapest-born violinist who taught at The Glenn Gould School.
Boris Berlin[88] Born in Kharkovv, Russia, taught at RCM from 1928 and wrote over 200 music publications.
Nicholas Goldschmidt[89] Served between 1946 and 1957 as the first music director of The Royal Conservatory's Opera School.
Leon Fleisher[90] American pianist and conductor.
Paul Kantor One of the leading violin pedagogues in North America and currently teaches at The Glenn Gould School.[91]
John Perry Pianist and current visiting artist teacher.[92]
Marc Durand One of Canada's most sought-after performers and pedagogues.[93]
James Anagnoson[94] Current Dean of The Glenn Gould School. A highly regarded performer who began performing in 1976 with Canadian pianist Leslie Kinton.
William Beauvais Classical Guitarist composer, performer and teacher.
Aksel Schiøtz Danish tenor and baritone.

Honorary Fellows of The Royal Conservatory

An Honorary Fellowship is the highest honour awarded by The Royal Conservatory of Music. It is presented to outstanding Canadian and international artists and individuals who have made significant contributions to arts and culture in Canada and around the world.

Year Name Description
2008 Nelly Furtado[95] Canadian Grammy Award-winning singer-songwriter who has sold over 18 million records worldwide.
2008 R. Murray Schafer[96] Composer, writer, music-educator and environmentalist best known for his World Soundscape Project and concern for acoustic ecology.
2008 Steven Staryk The leading Canadian violin virtuoso of his generation who in 1951, was one of the Symphony Six denied permission to enter the United States.
2008 John Perry American pianist who has won numerous awards including the highest prizes in both the Busoni and Viotti international piano competitions.[97]
2007 Blue Rodeo[98][99] Pop and country rock band formed in 1984 in Toronto.
2007 Ian O. Ihnatowycz[100] One of Canada's leading practitioners of sustainable investing. Member of The Royal Conservatory's board and major donor.
2007 Marta Witer Doctor of Optometry, wife of Ian O. Ihnatowycz and supporter and volunteer for various arts education institutions.
2007 Erica Davidson A member of the Toronto Symphony Orchestra for 15 years and also performed with the National Ballet and the Canadian Opera Company orchestras.
2006 The Tragically Hip[101][102] Juno Award-winning rock band from Kingston who hold the record for most number one debuts on the Canadian Albums Chart.
2005 Bramwell Tovey[103] An English-born conductor and composer; music director of the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra since September 2000.
2005 Louise Pitre[104][105] An actress in musical theatre on Broadway and in Canada. Best known for her role in the ABBA-themed musical Mamma Mia!
2004 Barenaked Ladies[106] A Juno-winning and Grammy-nominated Canadian alternative rock band from Scarborough, Ontario.
2004 Isabel Bayrakdarian Former Royal Conservatory student who has become a world-renowed Soprano.
2003 Bruce Cockburn[107] Folk-rock singer/songwriter inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame in 2001; has released 22 studio albums.
2003 Richard Margison[108] Canadian operatic tenor named an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2001.
2002 David Foster Legendary producer, songwriter and composer. Winner of numerous Grammy, Golden Globe, Juno and Emmy awards.[109]
2002 Eugene Kash[110] Violinist, conductor and teacher who studied at the Vienna Academy of Music with Bronislaw Huberman.
2001 Oscar Peterson[111] Considered to have been one of the greatest pianists of all time and a member of jazz royalty. Made over 200 recordings and won seven Grammys.
2001 Richard Bradshaw[112] Former general director of the Canadian Opera Company.
2000 Aline Chrétien[113] Wife of Canada's 20th Prime Minister, Jean Chrétien, and long-time supporter of The Royal Conservatory.
2000 Leon Fleisher An American pianist and conductor who made his public debut at age 8 and played with the New York Philharmonic at 16.
2000 Edith Lantos Trained with Zoltán Kodály in Hungary and has influenced the musical education of thousands of Canadians.
1999 Alan Goddard Former Director of The Royal Conservatory of Music.
1999 Marina Geringas Participated in compilation of piano syllabus and other publications at The RCM.
1998 Tomson Highway[114] Cree playwright, novelist and children's author. The writer and librettist of the first Cree language opera Pimooteewin.[115]
1998 Jeanne Lamon Violinist and conductor awarded the Canada Council Molson Prize in the Arts[116] and a member of the Order of Canada.
1997 Doreen Hall Irish-born violinist who taught at RCM and was first to introduce the Orff-Schulwerk education method to North America.[117]
1997 Lorand Fenyves Considered to be one of the greatest violin teachers in the world.[118][119]
1996 Mario Bernardi Canadian conductor and pianist who has conducted 75 different operas and over 450 other works with the National Arts Centre Orchestra.
1995 Maureen Forrester World-renowned Canadian operatic contralto who gave masterclasses at The Royal Conservatory.[120]
1995 David Mirvish[121] Art collector, art dealer, theatre producer who owns and operates Toronto's Royal Alexandra Theatre, Princess of Wales Theatre and Canon Theatre.
1994 Robertson Davies One of Canada's most popular authors as well as a playwright, critic, journalist, and professor. His best-known work is The Deptford Trilogy.[122]
1994 Lois Marshall[123] Soprano and mezzo-soprano who enjoyed a long career as a concert and recital singer.
1993 Adrienne Clarkson Journalist and stateswoman; the first Chinese Canadian to be appointed Governor General of Canada.
1993 J Anthony Dawson[124] Organist, composer and teacher at The Royal Conservatory for over 20 years.
1993 Robert Goulet Grammy and Tony Award-winning entertainer who described the Fellowship as one of his most cherished awards.[64]
1992 William Littler Educator and music and dance critic at The Toronto Star for over 40 years. Also an adjudicator for the Sydney International Piano Competition.[125]
1991 Gordon Kushner Pianist, conductor and teacher who directed the music for several of Norman Campbell's TV productions and musicals.[126]
1990 Norman Burgess Musician, educator, administrator and proud advocate of Canadian music who helped found Learning Through The Arts.[127]
1990 John Kruspe Studied with Anton Kuerti and performs as soloist, accompanist and chamber musician. University of Toronto lecturer and Yamaha Canada affiliate.[128]

See also


  1. ^ News release from
  2. ^ Dr. Peter Simon profile from
  3. ^ There's Music In These Walls By Ezra Schabas, pub. Dundurn Press Ltd, 2005
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Fisher, Edward
  5. ^ a b c History of the Royal Conservatory of Music
  6. ^ a b Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Royal Conservatory of Music
  7. ^ Glenn Gould official website: timeline
  8. ^ Academic Dictionaries & Encyclopedias: Royal Conservatory of Music
  9. ^ The Royal Conservatory of Music: Biography of Dr Peter Simon
  10. ^ World Architecture News 7 January 2008: Performing in Toronto
  11. ^ CBC 21 December 2005: Royal Conservatory revamp earns architecture award
  12. ^ Friends of Dufferin Grove Park Neighbourhood: Royal Conservatory Opens Up to Neighbourhood
  13. ^ Croatians in Toronto
  14. ^ Koerner Hall debuts at Royal Conservatory
  15. ^ Torontopedia: Royal Conservatory of Music
  16. ^ Transcript of Dr Peter Simon's Speech at the Canadian Arts Summit, 2 April 2005
  17. ^ KPMB Architects' Koerner Hall Concert Hall Project Information
  18. ^ Globe & Mail, 10 April 2009: Lisa Rochon's Top 5 Architectural Sights
  19. ^ The new concert hall to be named in honour of donors Michael and Sonja Koerner
  20. ^ Toronto National Historic Sites Urban Walks: Royal Conservatory of Music
  21. ^ History of the Mazzoleni Hall from The Royal Conservatory of Music's website
  22. ^ KPMB Architects Mazzoleni Hall project description
  23. ^ Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Mazzoleni, Ettore
  24. ^ Official website of The Royal Conservatory of Music - Venues: Conservatory Theatre
  25. ^ KPMG Architects' Telus Centre for Performance and Learning Project Information
  26. ^ Message from the Dean of The Glenn Gould School
  27. ^ Canadian Heritage: The Government of Canada Supports Glenn Gould School of the Royal Conservatory of Music 30 November 2007
  28. ^ Today's Musicians… Tomorrow's Artistic Leaders from 1 February 2001
  29. ^ Glenn Gould School Program Overview
  30. ^ Prestigious Grammy Nomination for ARC
  31. ^ Official 51st Grammy Awards list of nominations and winners
  32. ^ Music Notes
  33. ^ The Royal Conservatory School
  34. ^ a b c The Royal Conservatory of Music: About the School
  35. ^ "Royal Diploma Program FAQs". Retrieved September 13, 2009.  
  36. ^ "Historical Timeline". Retrieved September 13, 2009.  
  37. ^ a b "Locations & Facilities". The Conservatory School. Toronto. Retrieved September 14, 2009.  
  38. ^ "The Magnificent Home of Music in Mississauga". Retrieved September 13, 2009.  
  39. ^ "Fall 2009 & Winter 2010 Course Calendar". Retrieved September 13, 2009.  
  40. ^ Learning Through The Arts Overview from The Royal Conservatory of Music
  41. ^ Measha Brueggergosman Coming Home to Fredericton to Launch Learning Through the Arts in New Brunswick 16 May 2008
  42. ^ Learning Through The Arts: How it works
  43. ^ About YAPA
  44. ^ 09.10 YAPA Application Form
  45. ^ RCM Examinations: About Us
  46. ^ The Music Exam 3 September 2003
  47. ^ Music Matters July/August 2007 page 6
  48. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: The Frederik Harris Music Co, Limited
  49. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: The Royal Conservatory of Music
  50. ^ Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Gould, Glenn
  51. ^ There's Music In These Walls By Ezra Schabas, pub. Dundurn Press Ltd, 2005, p238-239
  52. ^ Isabel Bayrakdarian official website
  53. ^ Amanda Marshall at
  54. ^ Lumina: An Interview with Paul Shaffer Spring 2002
  55. ^ Paul Shaffer: Canada's Walk of Fame
  56. ^ CBC Digital Archives: Master Story Teller Norman Jewison
  57. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Beaver, Martin
  58. ^ Jon Vickers: A Hero's Life By Jeannie Williams, Birgit Nilsson, pub. UPNE, 2007
  59. ^ Jon Vickers: Definition from
  60. ^ Aeroplan: Jesse Cook Biography and Discography
  61. ^ Naida Cole: Information from
  62. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Stratas, Teresa
  63. ^ Morden Times: Arts Are Her Passion Retrieved 10 July 2009.
  64. ^ a b Robert Goulet's Official Website: Biography
  65. ^ The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Marshall, Lois
  66. ^ The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: St Lawrence String Quartet
  67. ^ Which Reminds Me... A Memoir By Mitchell Sharp, pub. University of Toronto Press, 1995
  68. ^ Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Kraft, Norbert
  69. ^ a b Northdale Music Press Limited: Howard Cable Biography
  70. ^ Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Crum, George
  71. ^ RCM Examinations Accordion Syllabus: 2008 Edition
  72. ^ Royal Conservatory of Music Governance
  73. ^ Adrienne Clarkson official biography
  74. ^ Bruce Cockburn Pages 1945-1959
  75. ^ Canadian Music Hall of Fame 2001
  76. ^ Canadian upbringing a secret to success: David Foster from 9 March 2007
  77. ^ 10 things you might not know about Stephen Harper
  78. ^ Peter Simon biography at Retrieved 28 August 2009
  79. ^ The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Kassner, Eli
  80. ^ Greg Wells official website: biography
  81. ^ El Tren de Yaguaramas: Rafael Villanueva
  82. ^ Composers: Healey Willan
  83. ^ The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Willan, Healey: The Canadian Years
  84. ^ The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: MacMillan, Ernest
  85. ^ The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Guerrero, Alberto
  86. ^ Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Neel, Boyd
  87. ^ The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Fenyves, Lorand
  88. ^ The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Berlin, Boris
  89. ^ The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Goldschmidt, Nicholas
  90. ^ Biography of Leon Fleisher
  91. ^ Paul Kantor at
  92. ^ International Piano Academy: Lake Como: John Perry
  93. ^ Marc Durand at
  94. ^ James Anagnoson at
  95. ^ Shinan: Saluting a songbird National Post 3 June 2008
  96. ^ Composer R. Murray Schafer named honorary Royal Conservatory fellow 22 January 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2009.
  97. ^ International Piano Academy Lake Como: John Perry
  98. ^ Blue Rodeo honoured by The Royal Conservatory of Music
  99. ^ Blue Rodeo News 2007
  100. ^ News release from The Royal Conservatory: Honorary Fellows granted at Convocation
  101. ^ The Hip to get big musical honour
  102. ^ Tragically Hip to be honoured by Royal Conservatory
  103. ^ Vancouver Symphony Orchestra - Conductor bio - Bramwell Tovey
  104. ^ History of The Royal Occasion
  105. ^ Louise Pitre List of Awards
  106. ^ Isabel Bayrakdarian and the Barenaked Ladies honoured by The Royal Conservatory of Music
  107. ^ Recent Royal Occasions at RCM
  108. ^ Cockburn and Margison receive Fellowship award 13 May 2003. Retrieved 8 June 2009
  109. ^ David Foster: Awards
  110. ^ Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Kash, Eugene 'Jack'
  111. ^ Oscar Peterson
  112. ^ The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Bradshaw, Richard
  113. ^ Prime Minister and Madame Chrétien Attend Convocation
  114. ^ Les Filles électriques: Tomson Highway
  115. ^ The nomadic Tomson Highway talks about writing the first Cree opera 13 February 2008. Retrieved 8 June 2009.
  116. ^ Jeanne Lamon Wins the Canada Council for the Arts Molson Prize in the Arts
  117. ^ Music Division of the National Archives: Hall, Doreen
  118. ^ Lorand Fenyves: Inspirational violin teacher The Independent, 1 June 2004. Retrieved 8 June 2009
  119. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Fenyves, Lorand
  120. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Forrester, Maureen
  121. ^ York University: The Accolade Project Team: David Mirvish Biography
  122. ^ Centre for Language and Literature: Robertson Davies
  123. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: Marshall, Lois: Awards and Recognition
  124. ^ A Tribute to Dr. Dawson: Toronto School For Strings
  125. ^ The final take: music that William Littler can't live without
  126. ^ Encyclopedia of Music in Canada: Kushner, Gordon
  127. ^ Canadian Music Centre - Ontario - Norman Burgess Memorial Fund
  128. ^ University of Toronto > Faculty of Music > John Kruspe

External links

Coordinates: 43°40′4.7″N 79°23′46.50″W / 43.667972°N 79.39625°W / 43.667972; -79.39625


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