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Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital and Gatehouse
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. National Historic Landmark
Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital Gatehouse, December 2009
The Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital is located in Maryland
Location: Charles St., Towson, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°23′28″N 76°37′9″W / 39.39111°N 76.61917°W / 39.39111; -76.61917Coordinates: 39°23′28″N 76°37′9″W / 39.39111°N 76.61917°W / 39.39111; -76.61917
Area: 20.9 acres (8.5 ha)
Built/Founded: 1860
Architect: Vaux, Calvert; Dixon, Thomas & James M.
Architectural style(s): Late Gothic Revival, Norman Revival
Governing body: Private
Added to NRHP: November 11, 1971[1]
Designated NHL: November 11, 1971[2]
NRHP Reference#: 71000369

The Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital, known to many simply as Sheppard Pratt, is a psychiatric hospital located in Towson, a northern suburb of Baltimore, Maryland. The hospital was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1971.[2]

Founded in 1853 by Baltimore merchant Moses Sheppard, after a visit by mental health rights advocate and social reformer Dorothea Lynde Dix, the hospital was originally called the Sheppard Asylum. The original buildings were designed by famous architect Calvert Vaux and constructed on what had previously been a 340-acre (1.4 km2) farm. The cornerstone of the original building was laid in spring of 1862.

Sheppard stipulated that the following conditions were to be imposed for the Asylum:

“Courteous treatment and comfort of all patients; that no patient was to be confined below ground; all were to have privacy, sunlight and fresh air; the asylum's purpose was to be curative, combining science and experience for the best possible results; and that only income, not principal would be used to build and operate the asylum.”

As a result of these financial restrains, the Asylum did not open until 1891, 34 years after Sheppard's death. It also left it with financial uncertainty, putting its long-term future in doubt.

The future of the Asylum was greatly enhanced when in 1893, the estate of Baltimore merchant Enoch Pratt bequeathed a substantial amount of his fortune to complete the construction and expand the asylum with the stipulation that the name change to The Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital.

In 2000, Sheppard Pratt retained the services HDR, Inc. to design a major expansion to the campus, which would be the largest addition to Sheppard Pratt since its inception. The new addition was as large as the original buildings, encompassing over 270,000 square feet (25,000 m2), effectively doubling the size of the facility. This expansion and renovation is now complete, and moved patient rooms from the hospital's twin historic Victorian era buildings to more modern facilities.

Today the hospital is one of the leading mental health providers in the United States, and has been constantly ranked in the top 10 by US News and World Report.

Further reading

  • The Sheppard & Enoch Pratt Hospital, 1853-1970. A History., Bliss Forbush (1971)
  • Gatehouse: The evolution of the Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital, 1853-1986, Bliss Forbush (1986), ISBN B0006ELCV6


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.  
  2. ^ a b "Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital and Gate House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  

External links



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