The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (franchise): Wikis

  
  

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The Texas Chainsaw Massacre is an American horror franchise consisting of six slasher films, comics and a video game adaptation of the original film. The original film, The Texas Chain Saw Massacre, was released in 1974. Written and produced by Tobe Hooper and Kim Henkel, and directed by Tobe Hooper, the sequels have had various writers and directors attached to them. Leatherface and his family are the antagonists in all of the films in the franchise. Hooper, who had a hand in directing the first sequel, has not had any direct involvement with the rest of the films. The film series is ranked eighth at the United States box office–in adjusted 2008 dollars–when compared to other American horror franchises. The franchise began when a video game adaptation of The Texas Chain Saw Massacre appeared eight years after the release of the film, followed by comic books and 5 sequels. In 2003, a remake of The Texas Chain Saw Massacre, directed by Marcus Nispel was released, followed by a prequel, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning.

Contents

Films

Overview

The Texas Chain Saw Massacre released in 1974, written and directed by Tobe Hooper, was the first and most successful in the series. It is considered the first of the 1970s slasher movies, and originated a great many of the clichés seen in countless later low-budget slashers. Its plot concerns a family of cannibals in rural Texas, who abduct customers from their gas station. The film's most notable character, Leatherface, is one of the most well-known villains in horror cinema, notable for his mask of human skin, his blood-soaked butcher's apron and the chainsaw he wields.[1] Although the film was marketed as a true story, it did not depict factual events, but instead was (like the film Psycho) inspired by Ed Gein, who acted alone and did not use a chainsaw.[2]

The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2 (1986) picks up where the first film left off. Although it managed to recoup its meager costs, the film was considered a commercial flop. Since its initial release, however, it has developed a cult following of its own. Unlike its predecessor (which actually had minimal gore and a documentary-style feel), this film sports a wildly over-the-top, almost operatic sense of campy black humor, as well as an array of gore effects by makeup maestro Tom Savini. The film features an appearance by novelist and raconteur Kinky Friedman as well as Joe Bob Briggs. Briggs' cameo appearance was originally cut in editing but was restored for the director's cut DVD release of the film.

Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III is a 1990 follow-up to the previous two films. It stars Kate Hodge, Ken Foree, and Viggo Mortensen and was directed by Jeff Burr. At the time, this was considered to be the first of several sequels in the series to be produced by New Line. However, it was not a success and New Line had no further involvement in the franchise.

Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation is a 1994 sequel to the original The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974). It largely ignores the events of the previous sequels, instead picking up some 20 years after the original. Some consider it a remake, because of the similarity of many scenes to shots in the original. Due to this, and other factors, Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation has a poor reputation among horror film buffs and critics. It stars Renée Zellweger and Matthew McConaughey, neither of whom had yet become stars.

2003's The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, directed by Marcus Nispel and produced by Michael Bay, is based on the events of the first film, yet for the most part follows a different storyline. For example, instead of picking up Leatherface's psychotic brother, the doomed teenagers instead come upon a traumatized survivor who shoots herself in their van. The film gave a backstory to the character of Leatherface, giving him a real name (Thomas Brown Hewitt) and a possible reason for wearing his skinmask, namely a skin disease that had caused his nose to rot away. Fans and critics had a mixed reaction to the film, but it was financially successful enough to lead to a prequel.

The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning (2006) explored the roots of Leatherface's family and delved into their past. Leatherface's first mask is featured, as well as his first chainsaw murder. A variation of the infamous dinner scene, omitted from the remake, was included here.

A third film featuring the remake's continuity was rumored to have been planned, but producer Brad Fuller has recently said that they have absolutely no plans in the future to continue the franchise.[3] On November 2, 2009 Tobe Hooper said he was interested in filming Texas Chainsaw Massacre in 3D with Twisted Pictures. [4]

Crew

Film Director Writer(s) Producer(s)
1. The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974) Tobe Hooper Kim Henkel & Tobe Hooper Tobe Hooper
2. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2 (1986) L. M. Kit Carson Yoram Globus & Menahem Golan
3. Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III (1990) Jeff Burr David Schow Robert Engelman
4. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation (1994) Kim Henkel Robert Kuhn & Kim Henkel
5. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003) Marcus Nispel Scott Kosar Michael Bay & Mike Fleiss
6. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning (2006) Jonathan Liebesman Sheldon Turner Michael Bay, Mike Fleiss, Kim Henkel
Brad Fuller, Andrew Form, & Tobe Hooper

Box Office

When comparing The Texas Chainsaw Massacre with the other top-grossing horror franchises—A Nightmare on Elm Street, Child's Play, Friday the 13th, Halloween, the Hannibal Lecter series, Psycho, Saw, and Scream—and adjusting for the 2009 inflation,[5] The Texas Chainsaw Massacre is the eighth highest grossing horror franchise, in the United States, at approximately $315 million,[6] only topping the Child's Play film series with approximately $200 million.[7] The series is lead by Friday the 13th at $614 million,[8] the Hannibal Lecter film series with $573 million,[9] A Nightmare on Elm Street with $522 million,[10] Halloween with $517 million,[11] Scream with $400 million,[12] Saw with $378 million,[13] and the Psycho film series with $371 million.[14]

List indicator(s)

  • A dark grey cell indicates the information isn't available for the film.
  • (y) indicates the film was re-released.


Film Release date (US) Budget Box office revenue Reference
United States Foreign Worldwide
1. The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974) October 1, 1974 $30,859,000 $30,859,000 [15]
2. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2 August 22, 1986 $4,700,000 $8,025,872 $8,025,872 [16]
3. Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III January 12, 1990 $5,765,562 $5,765,562 [17]
4. Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation September 22, 1995
August 29, 1997 (y)[18]
$185,898 $185,898 [19]
5. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003) October 17, 2003 $9,500,000 $80,571,655 $26,500,000 $107,071,655 [20]
6. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning October 6, 2006 $16,000,000 $39,517,763 $12,246,643 $51,764,406 [21]
Total $30,200,000 $164,925,750 $38,746,643 $203,672,393

Other media

Comics

The cover to Leatherface #1, the first in a series of comics based on the film series

Several comic books based on The Texas Chainsaw Massacre franchise were made in 1991 by Northstar Comics entitled Leatherface.[22] They were licenced The Texas Chainsaw Massacre franchise to Avatar Press for use in new comic book stories, the first of which was published in 2005.[23] In 2006, Avatar Press lost the license to DC Comics imprint, Wildstorm, who have published new stories based on the franchise. However, in June 2007 Wildstorm changed a number of horror comics, including The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, from monthly issues to specials and miniseries.[24] The series of comics featured none of the main characters seen in the original film (Topps Comics Jason vs. Leatherface series is exempt) with the exception of Leatherface, however the 1991 "Leatherface" miniseries was loosely based on the third Texas Chainsaw Massacre film. Said writer Mort Castle, "The series was very loosely based on Texas Chainsaw Massacre III. I worked from the original script by David Schow and the heavily edited theatrical release of director Jeff Burr, but had more or less free rein to write the story the way it should have been told. The first issue sold 30,000 copies."[25] Kirk Jarvinen drew the first issue,[26] and Guy Burwell finished the rest of the series. The comics, not having the same restrictions from the MPAA, had much more gore than the finished film. The ending, as well as the fates of several characters, was also altered. An adaptation of The Texas Chain Saw Massacre was planned by Northstar Comics, but never pulled through.[27]

All American Massacre

All American Massacre is an unreleased film directed by William Hooper, son of Tobe Hooper, the director of the original Texas Chain Saw Massacre.[28] The film was to serve as a prequel to the first two Chainsaw films.[28]. Shot on high resolution digital video, the film began as a 15 minute short and was eventually turned into a 60 minute featurette.[28] A trailer for the film is shown on the official website.[29] The film was to feature Chop Top who had been captured and placed into a psychiatric prison.[29] Memories of his family were to feature in the film, as he was interviewed by a tabloid television journalist.[30] The score for the film was composed by Buckethead.[30]

Video games

In 1982, a mass-market video game adaptation of The Texas Chain Saw Massacre was released for the Atari 2600 by Wizard Video.[31] In the game, the player assumes the role of the movie's chainsaw-wielding villain, Leatherface, and attempts to murder trespassers while avoiding obstacles such as fences and cow skulls.[32] As one of the first horror-themed video games, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre caused controversy when it was released due to the violent nature of the video game and sold poorly because many game stores refused to carry it.[31][33] Wizard Video's other commercial release, Halloween, had a slightly better reception;[34] however, the limited number of copies sold has made both games highly valued items among Atari collectors.[35]

Notes

  1. ^ Hooper, Tobe; Henkel, Kim. Texas Chainsaw Massacre: Leatherface.. Script City.  
  2. ^ Rockoff, Adam. Going to Pieces: The Rise and Fall of the Slasher Film, 1978-1986. McFarland.  
  3. ^ "Platinum Dunes Talks 'Texas 3', Upcoming Slate" (in English). Bloody Disgusting. January 6, 2007. http://www.bloody-disgusting.com/news/7943. Retrieved 2008-09-09.  
  4. ^ Rumor Control: The Truth About the 'Texas Chainsaw Massacre'
  5. ^ "Tom's Inflation Calculator". Half Hill. http://www.halfhill.com/inflation1.html. Retrieved 2009-02-19.  
  6. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/franchises/chart/?id=texaschainsawmassacre.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-17.  
  7. ^ "Child's Play box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/franchises/chart/?id=childsplay.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-17.  
  8. ^ "Friday the 13th box office ranking". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/franchises/chart/?id=fridaythe13th.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-17.  
  9. ^ "The Hannibal Lector series box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/franchises/chart/?id=hannibal.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-17.  
  10. ^ "A Nightmare on Elm Street box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/franchises/chart/?id=nightmareonelmstreet.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-17.  
  11. ^ "Halloween box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/franchises/chart/?id=halloween.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-17.  
  12. ^ "Scream box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/franchises/chart/?id=scream.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-17.  
  13. ^ "Saw box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/franchises/chart/?id=saw.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-05.  
  14. ^ "Psycho box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/franchises/chart/?id=psycho.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-17.  
  15. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=texaschainsaw.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-05.  
  16. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2 (1986)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=texaschainsawmassacre2.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-05.  
  17. ^ "Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III (1990)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=texaschainsaw3.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-05.  
  18. ^ "Re-release date". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?page=releases&id=tcmnextgeneration.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-05.  
  19. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation (1995)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=tcmnextgeneration.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-05.  
  20. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=tcm03.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-05.  
  21. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning (2006)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=tcmbeginning.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-05.  
  22. ^ "Movie Maniac Comic Books". Icons of Fright. http://www.iconsoffright.com/Comic_Maniac.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-08.  
  23. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre". Avatar Press. 2005. http://www.avatarpress.com/texaschainsaw/. Retrieved 2008-07-08.  
  24. ^ "DWildstorm Updates Publishing Plans for Horror/Movie Titles". Newsarama. March 13, 2007. http://forum.newsarama.com/showthread.php?t=104993/. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  
  25. ^ "MortCastle". Glasshouse Graphics. http://www.glasshousegraphics.com/creators/writers/mortcastle/index.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-01.  
  26. ^ "Kirk Jarvinen". Comic Book DB. http://www.comicbookdb.com/creator.php?ID=3797. Retrieved 2008-07-11.  
  27. ^ Mort Castle (w). "Hunters in the Night" Leatherface 1 (4): 1/Introduction (1991), Northstar Comics
  28. ^ a b c Jaworzyn, Stefan (2004). The Texas Chain Saw Massacre Companion. Titan. pp. 235;256.  
  29. ^ a b "All American Massacre trailer". Abominable Entertainment. http://www.abominableentertainment.com/pods_/AAM_TRAILERS_2.html. Retrieved 2009-01-12.  
  30. ^ a b "All American Massacre (About)". All American Massacre. http://209.85.229.132/search?q=cache:ey53MgAbuiwJ:www.allamericanmassacre.com/+All+American+Massacre&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=3. Retrieved 2009-01-12.  
  31. ^ a b "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre Atari game". GameSpot. http://uk.gamespot.com/atari2600/action/texaschainsawmassacre/index.html. Retrieved 2008-06-01.  
  32. ^ " Texas Chainsaw Massacre overview". Allgame. http://www.allgame.com/cg/agg.dll?p=agg&sql=1:9317. Retrieved 2008-06-01.  
  33. ^ "Classic horror movies on the Atari 2600". BavaTuesdays.com. April 27, 2008. http://bavatuesdays.com/classic-horror-movies-on-the-atari-2600/. Retrieved 2008-07-08.  
  34. ^ "Halloween for the Atari 2600". Rogue Cinema. April 1, 2008. http://www.roguecinema.com/article241.html. Retrieved 2008-07-11.  
  35. ^ "Halloween" (in English). GameSpot. http://uk.gamespot.com/atari2600/action/halloween/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-27.  

References

  • Jaworzyn, Stefan (2004). The Texas Chain Saw Massacre Companion. Titan Books. ISBN 1840236604.  
  • Hand, Stephen (2004). The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. Games Workshop. ISBN 1844160602.  
  • Harper, Jim (2004). Legacy of Blood: A Comprehensive Guide to Slasher Movies. Critical Vision. ISBN 1900486393.  
  • Muir, John Kenneth (2002). Eaten Alive at a Chainsaw Massacre: The Films of Tobe Hooper. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0786412828.  
  • Phillips, Kendall R. (2005). "The Exorcist (1973) and The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974)". Projected Fears: Horror Films and American Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0275983536.  

External links








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