The Full Wiki

The Unforgettable Fire: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Unforgettable Fire
Studio album by U2
Released 1 October 1984
Recorded March–August 1984 in Ireland
Genre Rock, post-punk
Length 42:38
Language English
Label Island
Producer Brian Eno, Daniel Lanois
U2 chronology
The Unforgettable Fire
The Joshua Tree
Singles from The Unforgettable Fire
  1. "Pride (In the Name of Love)"
    Released: November 1984
  2. "The Unforgettable Fire"
    Released: April 1985

The Unforgettable Fire is the fourth studio album by Irish rock band U2, which was released in October 1984. The band wanted a different musical direction following their harder-hitting 1983 album War, and employed Brian Eno and Daniel Lanois to produce and assist them experiment with a more ambient and abstract sound. The resulting change in direction was at the time the band's most dramatic.

Recording began in March 1984 at Slane Castle, where the band lived, wrote, and recorded to find new inspiration. The album was completed in August 1984 at Windmill Lane Studios. The album features atmospheric sounds and lyrics that lead vocalist Bono has described as "sketches". Many songs also feature lyrical tributes to Martin Luther King Jr. The Unforgettable Fire received generally favourable reviews from critics and produced the band's biggest hit at the time, "Pride (In the Name of Love)", as well as the live favorite "Bad", a song about heroin addiction. A 25th Anniversary edition of the album was released in October 2009.



"We knew the world was ready to receive the heirs to The Who. All we had to do was to keep doing what we were doing and we would become the biggest band since Led Zeppelin, without a doubt. But something just didn't feel right. We felt we had more dimension than just the next big anything, we had something unique to offer. The innovation was what would suffer if we went down the standard rock route. We were looking for another feeling."

—Bono, on The Unforgettable Fire's new direction.[1]

U2 feared that following the overt rock of their 1983 album War and the subsequent War Tour, they were in danger of becoming another "shrill", "sloganeering arena-rock band".[2] The success of the Under a Blood Red Sky album and the Live at Red Rocks video, however, had given them artistic—and for the first time—financial room to move.[3] Following a show at Dublin's Phoenix Park Racecourse in August 1983, one of the final dates of the War Tour, lead vocalist Bono spoke in metaphors about the band breaking up and reforming with a different direction. As bassist Adam Clayton recalls, "We were looking for something that was a bit more serious, more arty."[1]

The band had recorded their first three albums with producer Steve Lillywhite,[4] and rather than become another formula band, experimentation was sought.[4] Both Lillywhite and the band agreed that it was time for a change of producers and not to "repeat the same formula".[5] The band had thought of using Jimmy Iovine to produce a new record. However, they found their early musical ideas for the album to be too "European" for an American producer.[4] They also considered approaching Conny Plank.[6]

Guitarist The Edge had a long appreciation of musician Brian Eno's work,[7] admiring his ambient and "weird works".[5] Island Records executive Chris Blackwell initially tried to discourage them from their choice of producers, believing that just when the band were about to achieve the highest levels of success, Eno would "bury them under a layer of avant-garde nonsense".[8] Eno was also initially reluctant;[4] when the band played him their 1983 live album Under a Blood Red Sky, his eyes "glazed over" at its overt rockness.[9] His early doubts were resolved by Bono's power of persuasion and his increasing perception of what he called "U2's lyrical soul in abundance", traits which had become less evident on the rockist War album. Eno commented that the band were "constantly struggling against it as if as if they were frightened of being overpowered by some softness".[4] Eno, along with his engineer Daniel Lanois eventually agreed to produce the record. In Bill Graham's words, Eno's task was to "help them mature a new, more experimental and European musical vocabulary."[10]

Recording and production

"With Steve [Lillywhite, producer of U2's first three albums], we were a lot more strict about a song and what it should be; if it did veer off to the left or the right, we would pull it back as opposed to chasing it. Brian and Danny were definitely interested in watching where a song went and then chasing it."

Adam Clayton, on how the The Unforgettable Fire's producers approached the album[11]

The songs "Pride (In the Name of Love)", "The Unforgettable Fire", and "A Sort of Homecoming" were worked up at Bono's house in a Martello Tower in Bray in Dublin.[5] Recording for the album began in March 1984, with the initial sessions being held at Slane Castle, County Meath. A Gothic ballroom in the building built for music was used which provided a relaxed and at times, experimental atmosphere.[12][13] The band and crew stayed in the castle during recording.[14] One day, the band went so far as to record naked. "We got into gaffer art", commented Bono.[3] The generator powering the studio often broke down and most of Edge's guitar parts were recorded with the amplifier outside on the balcony with plastic over it to shelter it from the rain.[15] The ballroom turned out to be too large, so recording was moved to a library in the castle which was smaller, surrounded them by books, and provided improved sound quality.[14]

According to The Edge, Eno was more interested in the more unconventional material and didn't take much interest in "Pride (In the Name of Love)" or "The Unforgettable Fire". However, Lanois would "cover for him" such that the two balanced each other out.[16] Much of the album was later recast in the Windmill Lane Studios,[13] where they recorded from May 6-August 5.[17] Tension grew between the production team and the band when recording moved to Windmill Lane largely because the band "couldn't finish anything".[18] Twelve days before the official finishing date, Bono announced he couldn't finish the lyrics, and the band worked 20-hour days for the final two weeks.[19] Bono later said he felt songs like "Bad" and "Pride (In the Name of Love)" were left as incomplete "sketches."[8]


A far more atmospheric album than the previous War, The Unforgettable Fire was at the time was the band's most dramatic change in direction.[20] It has a rich and orchestrated sound and was the first U2 album with a cohesive sound.[20] Under Lanois' direction, Larry's drumming became looser, funkier and more subtle, and Adam's bass became more subliminal, such that the rhythm section no longer intruded, but flowed in support of the songs.[12]

The album's lyrics are open to many interpretations, which alongside its atmospheric sounds, provides what the band often called a "very visual feel".[20] Bono had recently been immersing himself in fiction, philosophy and poetry, and came to realise that his song writing mission—which up to that point had been a reluctant one on his behalf—was a poetic one. Bono felt songs like "Bad" and "Pride (In the Name of Love)" were best left as incomplete "sketches",[8] and he said that "The Unforgettable Fire was a beautifully out-of-focus record, blurred like an impressionist painting, very unlike a billboard or an advertising slogan."[21]

Problems listening to this file? See media help.

The opening track, "A Sort of Homecoming" immediately shows the change in U2's sound. Like much of the album, the hard-hitting martial drum sound of War is replaced with a subtler polyrhythmic shuffle, and the guitar is no longer as prominent in the mix.[13] Bono had been reading the work of poet Paul Celan, whose line "poetry is a sort of homecoming" inspired the song's title. Celan's profound spiritual doubt contrasts with U2 members' previous religious certainties, and the song's line "on borderlands we run...and don't look back" suggests the band is more comfortable with the contradictions between rock and his religious beliefs.[22]

The melody and the chords to "Pride (In the Name of Love)" originally came out of a 1983 War Tour sound check in Hawaii. The song was originally intended to be about Ronald Reagan's pride in America's military power, but Bono was influenced by Stephen B. Oates's book about Martin Luther King, Jr. titled Let The Trumpet Sound: A Life of Martin Luther King, Jr. and a biography of Malcolm X to ponder the different sides of the civil rights campaigns, the violent and the non-violent.[23] Bono would revise the lyrics to pay tribute to King. "Pride" went through many changes and re-recordings, as captured in a documentary included on the The Unforgettable Fire Collection video.

On "Wire" Bono tried to convey his ambivalence to drugs. It is a fast-paced song built on a light funk drum groove.[24] The song shows the influence of Talking Heads, with whom Eno had worked.[25] Much of the song was improvised by Bono at the microphone.[26]

Typical of the album, the track "The Unforgettable Fire", with a string arrangement by Noel Kelehan, has a rich, symphonic sound built from ambient guitar and driving rhythm; a lyrical "sketch" that is an "emotional travelogue" with a "heartfelt sense of yearning".[27] The band cite a travelling Japanese art exhibit of the same name as inspiration for both the song and album title. The exhibition, which the band attended in Chicago, commemorated the victims of the bombing of Hiroshima.[28][29] However, the open-ended lyric, which Bono says "doesn't tell you anything" do not directly reference nuclear warfare.[30] Rather, the lyrics are about travelling to Tokyo.

The ambient instrumental "4th of July" came about almost entirely through a moment of inspiration from Eno. At the end of a studio session, Eno overheard Clayton improvising a simple bass figure and recorded it "ad hoc" as it was being played. The Edge happened to join in, improvising a few guitar ideas over the top of Clayton's bass; neither knew they were being recorded. Eno added some treatments and then transferred the piece straight to two-track master tape — and that was the song finished, with no possibility of further overdubs.[31]

Bono tried to describe the rush and then come down of heroin use in the song "Bad".[32]

"Elvis Presley and America" is an improvisation, based on a slowed-down backing track from "A Sort of Homecoming", that takes the album's emphasis on feeling over clarity to its furthest extreme. Another song, "Indian Summer Sky", was a social commentary on the prison-like atmosphere of city living in a world of natural forces.[citation needed]

The sparse, dreamlike "MLK" was written as an elegy to King.

Album and single releases

The Unforgettable Fire was released on 1 October 1984. The album took its name and much of its inspiration from a Japanese travelling exhibition of paintings and drawings at The Peace Museum in Chicago by survivors of the atomic bombs at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan.[8][28] The band spent a few days driving around Ireland with photographer Anton Corbijn looking for potential locations. Using a book provided by Steve Averill they took photos in front of old castles. The castle depicted on the cover is Moydrum Castle.[33] The band liked the image's ambiguity and the Irish mysticism they saw in it.[34] The photograph, however, was a virtual copy of a picture on the cover of a 1980 book In Ruins: The Once Great Houses of Ireland by Simon Marsden, for which U2 had to pay compensation. It was taken from the same spot and used the same polarising filter technique, but with the addition of the four band members.[35]

"Pride (In the Name of Love)" was released as the album's lead single in September 1984, and it was at that point the band's biggest hit. It cracked the UK Top 5 and the U.S. Top 40 and would ultimately become the group's most frequently played song in concerts.[36]

"The Unforgettable Fire" was released as the second single in April 1985. The song became the band's third Top 10 hit in the UK, reaching #6 on the UK Singles Chart and #8 on the Dutch singles chart, but did not perform as well in the U.S.


 The Unforgettable Fire
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4/5 stars[37]
BBC Music (favourable)[38]
Robert Christgau (B+)[39]
CCM Magazine (favourable)[40] (favourable)[41]
Rolling Stone 3/5 stars[42]
Sputnikmusic 3/5 stars[43]
 The Unforgettable Fire
Deluxe Edition
Review scores
Source Rating
Pitchfork Media (9.3/10)[44]
Q 5/5 stars[45]
Rolling Stone 4.5/5 stars[46]

Bill Graham of Hot Press wrote in 1996 that The Unforgettable Fire was U2's most pivotal album and that it was "their coming of age that saved their lives as a creative unit."[4] Niall Stokes, also of Hot Press said that "one or two tracks were undercooked" due to the deadline crush but that it was U2's "first album with a cohesive sound" on which "U2 were reborn".[3] Rolling Stone magazine gave the album a score of 3/5 stars, compared to the 4/5 stars given to the two previous albums, Under a Blood Red Sky and War.[42] In the review, Kurt Loder said that "with The Unforgettable Fire, U2 flickers and nearly fades, its fire banked by a misconceived production strategy and occasional interludes of soggy, songless self-indulgence. This is not a 'bad' album, but neither is it the irrefutable beauty the band's fans anticipated."[42]

The Unforgettable Fire Tour and Live Aid

In support of the album, the band launched The Unforgettable Fire Tour, which saw U2 shows moving into indoor arenas in the United States. Consisting of six legs and 112 shows, the tour commenced in Australia in September 1984 where translating the elaborate and complex textures of the new studio-recorded tracks to live performance proved to be a serious challenge.[20] One solution was programmed sequencers, which the band had previously been reluctant to use. Sequencers were prominently used on songs like "The Unforgettable Fire" and "Bad"; since then, sequencers are now used on the majority of U2 songs in live performances.[20] Songs criticised as being "unfinished", "fuzzy" and "unfocused" on the album made more sense on stage. Rolling Stone magazine, for example, critical of the album version of "Bad", described its live performance as a 'show stopper'.[47]

U2 participated in the Live Aid concert at Wembley Stadium for Ethiopian famine relief in July 1985.[48] U2's performance was one of the show's most memorable; during the song "Bad", Bono leapt down off the stage to embrace and dance with a fan. Initially thinking they'd "blown it", it was, in fact, a breakthrough moment for the band, showing a television audience of millions the personal connection that Bono could make with audiences.[49] All of U2's previous albums went back into the charts in the UK after their transcendent performance. In 1985, Rolling Stone magazine called U2 the "Band of the 80's," saying that "for a growing number of rock-and-roll fans, U2 have become the band that matters most, maybe even the only band that matters."[50]

Track listing

All songs written and composed by U2, with lyrics by Bono. 

# Title Length
1. "A Sort of Homecoming"   5:28
2. "Pride (In the Name of Love)"   3:48
3. "Wire"   4:19
4. "The Unforgettable Fire"   4:55
5. "Promenade"   2:35
6. "4th of July"   2:12
7. "Bad"   6:09
8. "Indian Summer Sky"   4:17
9. "Elvis Presley and America"   6:23
10. "MLK"   2:31

In 1995, Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab remastered the album and released it as a special gold CD. This edition has slightly different running times, most notably an extended 2:39 version of the instrumental "4th of July".

In 1985, the band also released the supplementary Wide Awake in America EP, which offers live performances of "Bad" and "A Sort of Homecoming" along with two B-sides (previously unavailable in North America).

The Unforgettable Fire Collection

The Unforgettable Fire Collection
Video by U2
Released 1985
Recorded 1984–1985
Genre Rock
Length 51:00
Language English
Label Island, PolyGram, Columbia
Director Meiert Avis, Barry Deviln, Donald Cammell
Producer James Morris
U2 video chronology
Live at Red Rocks: Under a Blood Red Sky
The Unforgettable Fire Collection
Rattle and Hum

After the album's arrival in 1984, U2 released The Unforgettable Fire Collection—a VHS compilation of the album's music videos with a 30-minute making-of documentary of the album. The documentary was later included as a bonus feature on the band's live video release, U2 Go Home: Live from Slane Castle, as the site of the concert film—Slane Castle—was the same as the location of the documentary.

  1. "The Unforgettable Fire" – directed by Meiert Avis
  2. "Bad" – directed by Barry Devilin
  3. "Pride (In the Name of Love)" – directed by Donald Cammell
  4. "A Sort of Homecoming" – directed by Barry Devlin
  5. The Making of the Unforgettable Fire documentary – directed by Barry Devlin

25th anniversary edition

A remastered 25th Anniversary edition of the album was released on 27 October 2009 by Mercury Records.[51] The album's remastering was directed by The Edge, who also directed the remastering of the band's previous releases. Four physical editions of the album are available, two of which contain a bonus CD, and one with a DVD. The bonus CD features B-sides from the album, live tracks and two previously unreleased songs: "Disappearing Act" and "Yoshino Blossom." The DVD features the same material as the original VHS version.

The four editions are as follows:[52][53]

  • CD format – Remastered album on CD
  • Deluxe Edition – Remastered album on CD, bonus CD, and 36-page booklet
  • Limited Edition Box Set – Remastered album on CD, bonus CD, DVD, 56-page hardback book, and five photographs
  • 12" vinyl format – Remastered album on a gramophone record and 16-page booklet

Bonus CD

# Title Notes Length
1. "Disappearing Act"   Unreleased track from The Unforgettable Fire sessions 4:35
2. "A Sort of Homecoming" (live) From Wide Awake in America EP 4:07
3. "Bad" (live) From Wide Awake in America EP 8:00
4. "Love Comes Tumbling"   B-side from "The Unforgettable Fire" single 4:52
5. "The Three Sunrises"   B-side from "The Unforgettable Fire" single 3:53
6. "Yoshino Blossom"   Unreleased track from The Unforgettable Fire sessions 3:39
7. "Wire" (Kervorkian Remix)   5:12
8. "Boomerang I" (instrumental) B-side from "Pride (In the Name of Love)" single 2:48
9. "Pride (In the Name of Love)" (extended single version) A-side from "Pride (In the Name of Love)" single 4:43
10. "A Sort of Homecoming" (Daniel Lanois Remix)   3:18
11. "11 O'Clock Tick Tock" (long version) B-side from "Pride (In the Name of Love)" single 4:11
12. "Wire" (Celtic Dub Mix) From 1985 NME 7" vinyl promo 4:36
13. "Bass Trap"   B-side from "The Unforgettable Fire" single 5:15
14. "Boomerang II"   B-side from "Pride (In the Name of Love)" single 4:50
15. "4th of July" (long version) B-side from "Pride (In the Name of Love)" single 2:26
16. "Sixty Seconds in Kingdom Come"   B-side from "The Unforgettable Fire" single 3:15

Bonus DVD

In addition to the music videos and documentary from The Unforgettable Fire Collection, the DVD includes:

  1. "MLK"
  2. "Pride (In the Name of Love)"
  3. "Bad"
  • U2 live at Live Aid – Wembley Stadium, London, United Kingdom – Saturday 13 July 1985
  1. "Sunday Bloody Sunday"
  2. "Bad"
  • "Pride (In the Name of Love)" Sepia music video, directed by Donald Cammell
  • 11 O'Clock Tick Tock – Bootleg version, live from Croke Park, 29 June 1985

Charts and certifications


Country Peak position Certification Sales
Australia 39[54]
Canada 5[55] 3× Platinum[56] 300,000+[56]
France Gold[57]
The Netherlands Gold[58]
New Zealand 1[54]
Norway 6[54]
Portugal 27[54]
Sweden 6[54]
United Kingdom 1[59] 2× Platinum[60]
United States 12[61] 3× Platinum[62]


Year Song Peak
Main Rock

1984 "Pride (In the Name of Love)" 2 27 5 1 3 2
"The Unforgettable Fire" 1 4 3 6
"Wire" 31
1985 "Bad" 19

"—" denotes releases that did not chart.


Additional personnel


  1. ^ a b McCormick (2006), p.147
  2. ^ Pond, Steve (1987-04-09). "The Joshua Tree Album Review". Rolling Stone. 
  3. ^ a b c Stokes (1996), p. 50.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Graham (1996), p. 21.
  5. ^ a b c McCormick (2006), p. 147.
  6. ^ Graham (1996), p. 21; Stokes (1996), p. 50.
  7. ^ Graham (1996), p. 22.
  8. ^ a b c d McCormick (2006), p.151
  9. ^ McCormick (2006), p. 148.
  10. ^ Graham (1996), pp. 21-22.
  11. ^ 1984 interview on American radio with Carter Alan, taken from Graham (1996), p. 22.
  12. ^ a b Stokes (1996), pp. 50-51.
  13. ^ a b c Graham (1996), p. 23.
  14. ^ a b Dobuzinskis, Alexn (2009-10-26). "U2 took "unforgettable" trip to castle for '84 album". Reutersn. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  15. ^ Graham (1996), p. 22-23.
  16. ^ McCormick (2006), p. 151.
  17. ^ "Unforgettable Fire". The Unforgettable Fire Collection. Documentary. 1984.
  18. ^ McCormick (2006), p. 152.
  19. ^ Graham (1996), p. 23; Stokes (1996), p. 50.
  20. ^ a b c d e Parra (1994), pp. 52-56
  21. ^ | Discography
  22. ^ Graham (1996), p. 23-24.
  23. ^ McCormick (2006), p. 145.
  24. ^ Stokes (1996), p. 53.
  25. ^ Stokes (1996), p. 53; Graham (1996), p. 24.
  26. ^ Stokes (1996), p. 53.
  27. ^ Stokes, Niall (1996). Into The Heart: The Story Behind Every U2 Song. Australia: HarperCollinsPublishers. p. 55. ISBN 0-7322-6036-1. 
  28. ^ a b Stokes (1996), p. 54.
  29. ^ Graham (21996), p. 24.
  30. ^ Stokes (1996), pp. 54-55; Graham (1996), pp. 24-25.
  31. ^ Stokes, Niall, Into the Heart: The Stories Behind Every U2 Song.
  32. ^ McCormick (2006), p.152
  33. ^ U2: - Geography FAQ
  34. ^ McCormick (2006), p. 155.
  35. ^ McCormick (2006), p. 155. Simon Marsden's original image
  36. ^ All songs U2 played without snippets - U2 on tour
  37. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "The Unforgettable Fire". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  38. ^ Easlea, Daryl (2009-02-11). "Review of U2 - The Unforgettable Fire". BBC Music. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  39. ^ Christgau, Robert. "U2". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  40. ^ "The Unforgettable Fire". CCM Magazine. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  41. ^ Ray, Benjamin. "Album reviews: The Unforgettable Fire, by U2". Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  42. ^ a b c Loder, Kurt (1984-10-11). "U2: The Unforgettable Fire". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  43. ^ Cruz, John (2006-05-16). "U2: The Unforgettable Fire". Sputnikmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  44. ^ Ryan Dombal (2009-11-02). "Album Reviews: U2: The Unforgettable Fire [Deluxe Edition"]. Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 2009-11-02. 
  45. ^ "Q Classic Album: Winner — U2's The Unforgettable Fire — News —". Q. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  46. ^ Hermes, Will (2009-10-26). "U2: The Unforgettable Fire (Deluxe Reissue)". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  47. ^ Henke, James (1985-07-18). "''Wide Awake in America'' Album Review". Rolling Stone. 
  48. ^ Live Aid: A Look Back At A Concert That Actually Changed The World Retrieved 31 October 2006.
  49. ^ Parra (2003), pp. 72-73
  50. ^ U2, the Only Band that Mattered in the '80s? Retrieved 31 January 2007
  51. ^ "The Unforgettable Fire 25th Anniversary Edition". 5 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-24. 
  52. ^ "The Unforgettable Fire Remastered". 17 September 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  53. ^ McGee, Matt (16 September 2009). "Belgian U2 fan site reports Unforgettable Fire remasters track list". @U2. Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  54. ^ a b c d e f g "1ste Ultratop-hitquiz". Ultratop. Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  55. ^ "Search Results: Unforgettable Fire". RPM. 1983-11-24. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  56. ^ a b "CRIA Certification Results: U2". Canadian Recording Industry Association. 1987-12-03. Retrieved 2009-11-17. 
  57. ^ Disque En France
  58. ^ NVPI
  59. ^ "U2 albums". Retrieved 2009-10-29.  Note: U2 must be searched manually.
  60. ^ BPI
  61. ^ a b "U2: Charts and Awards". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-01-23. 
  62. ^ "Gold and Platinum Database Search". RIAA. Retrieved 2010-01-23.  Note: U2 must be searched manually.
  63. ^ "Search the charts". Retrieved 2009-10-29.  Note: U2 must be searched manually
  64. ^ "Search Results: The Joshua Tree". RPM. 1987-04-11. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  65. ^ "U2 singles". Retrieved 2009-10-29.  Note: U2 must be searched manually.


  • Graham, Bill; can Oosten de Beer, Caroline (2004). U2: The Complete Guide to their Music. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-9886-8. 
  • McCormick, Neil (2006). U2 by U2. London: HarperCollinsPublishers. ISBN 0-00-719668-7. 
  • Parra, Pimm Jal de la U2 Live: A Concert Documentary, 1996, Harper Collins Publishers, ISBN 0-7322-6036-1
  • Stokes, Niall (1996). Into The Heart: The Story Behind Every U2 Song. Australia: HarperCollinsPublishers. ISBN 0-7322-6036-1. 

External links

Preceded by
Tonight by David Bowie
UK number one album
13–26 October 1984
Succeeded by
Steeltown by Big Country
Preceded by
Born in the U.S.A. by Bruce Springsteen
Australian Kent Music Report number-one album
29 October – 4 November 1984
Succeeded by
Red Sails in the Sunset by Midnight Oil

Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address