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Ny-Ålesund at 79°N - location of the northernmost hotel, restaurant, statue, camping site.

This is a list of various northernmost things on earth.

Contents

Cities and settlements

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Capital (of an independent nation) Reykjavík, Iceland[1] 64°08′N 21°56′W / 64.133°N 21.933°W / 64.133; -21.933 (Capital (country) Reykjavík, Iceland)
Capital (of a constituent country) Nuuk, Greenland[2] 64°10′N 51°44′W / 64.167°N 51.733°W / 64.167; -51.733 (Capital (constituent country) Nuuk, Greenland)
Permanent settlement of any size Alert, Nunavut (CFS Alert), Canada[3] 82°28′N 62°30′W / 82.467°N 62.5°W / 82.467; -62.5 (Permanent settlement of Alert, Nunavut, Canada)
Town > 1000 people Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway[4] 78°13′N 15°33′E / 78.217°N 15.55°E / 78.217; 15.55 (Town of Longyearbyen (> 1000 people), Norway)
City > 5,000 people Hammerfest, Norway[5] 70°40′0″N 23°41′30″E / 70.666667°N 23.69167°E / 70.666667; 23.69167 (City of Hammerfest (> 5,000 people), Norway)
City > 50,000 people Tromsø, Norway 69°39′0″N 18°57′30″E / 69.65°N 18.95833°E / 69.65; 18.95833 (City of Tromsø (> 50,000 people), Norway)
City > 100,000 people Norilsk, Russia 69°21′N 88°12′E / 69.35°N 88.2°E / 69.35; 88.2 (City of Norilsk (> 100,000 people), Russia)
Metropolitan area > 1 million Greater Helsinki (Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa and Kauniainen), Finland 60°10′N 24°57′E / 60.167°N 24.95°E / 60.167; 24.95 (Greater Helsinki)
City (proper) > 1 million people Saint Petersburg, Russia 59°56′N 30°21′E / 59.933°N 30.35°E / 59.933; 30.35 (Saint Petersburg)
See also: Northernmost settlements, Northernmost cities and towns

Geography

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Mainland (continent) Cape Chelyuskin, Siberia, Russia 77°44′N 104°15′E / 77.733°N 104.25°E / 77.733; 104.25 (Cape Chelyuskin)
Island Kaffeklubben Island, Greenland, Denmark[6] 83°40′N 29°50′W / 83.667°N 29.833°W / 83.667; -29.833 (Kaffeklubben Island)
Mountain Mara Mountain, Greenland, Denmark 83°34′17″N 30°28′42″W / 83.57139°N 30.47833°W / 83.57139; -30.47833 (Mara Mountain)
Mountain Range Arctic Cordillera, Nunavut, Canada 81°54′30″N 75°1′30″W / 81.90833°N 75.025°W / 81.90833; -75.025 (Arctic Cordillera)
Active volcano Beerenberg, Jan Mayen, Norway 71°4′36″N 8°9′52″W / 71.07667°N 8.16444°W / 71.07667; -8.16444 (Beerenberg volcano)
Atoll Kure Atoll, Hawaii, United States 28°25′16″N 178°19′55″W / 28.42111°N 178.33194°W / 28.42111; -178.33194 (Kure Atoll)
Location with all monthly
average temperatures above freezing
Værøy, Norway and
Røst, Norway[7][8]
67°40′N 12°40′E / 67.667°N 12.667°E / 67.667; 12.667 (Værøy)
67°31′N 12°5′E / 67.517°N 12.083°E / 67.517; 12.083 (Røst)
Border (land) at Polmak, Norway/Nuorgam, Finland 70°6′N 27°58′E / 70.1°N 27.967°E / 70.1; 27.967 (Polmak)
Tripoint Treriksröset, Sweden/Norway/Finland 69°03′36″N 20°32′55″E / 69.06°N 20.54861°E / 69.06; 20.54861 (Tripoint)

Nature

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Animals

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Coral reef off the north coast of Norway[9] 71°15′N 25°0′E / 71.25°N 25°E / 71.25; 25 (Coral reef)
Bat colony (naturally occurring) Rundhaug, Målselv (Troms), Norway[10] 68°58′30″N 19°3′52″E / 68.975°N 19.06444°E / 68.975; 19.06444 (Bat)
Non-human primate colony Shimokita Peninsula, Honshu, Japan[11] 41°32′N 140°55′E / 41.533°N 140.917°E / 41.533; 140.917 (Japanese Macaque)

Plants

These lists only contain naturally occurring plants and trees.

General

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Forest Lukunsky grove of Dahurian larch, south from Khatanga River, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia[12] 72° 31' N
Palms (European Fan Palm Chamaerops humilis) Nice, Mediterranean coast of southern France[13] 43° 42' N

Shrubs

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Willow (Arctic Willow Salix arctica) reaches the northern limits of land in Greenland[14]

Trees

see also tree line
Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Larch (Dahurian Larch Larix gmelinii)
Ary-Mas, Khatanga River valley, Taymyr Peninsula, Siberia[15] 72°30′N 102°27′E / 72.5°N 102.45°E / 72.5; 102.45 (Larch)
this location is that of the northernmost tree of any kind[15]
Ash (European Ash Fraxinus excelsior) Leksvik and Frosta[16] (Nord-Trøndelag), Norway
Beech forest (European Beech Fagus sylvatica) Seim[17] in Lindås (Hordaland), Norway
Elm forest (Wych Elm Ulmus glabra) Beiarn[18] (Nordland), Norway
European holly (Ilex aquifolium) Bremsnes[19] in Averøy, (Møre og Romsdal), Norway
Hazel (Corylus avellana) Prestegårdsskogen nature reserve, Steigen[20] (Nordland), Norway
Lime (Small-leaved Lime Tilia cordata) Brønnøy[21] (Nordland), Norway
Oak forest (English oak Quercus robur) Edøy[22] in Smøla (Møre og Romsdal), Norway

Recreation

Culture and music

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Symphony orchestra Tromsø Symphony Orchestra, Tromsø,[23] Norway 69°38′50″N 18°57′20″E / 69.64722°N 18.95556°E / 69.64722; 18.95556 (Tromsø Symphony Orchestra)
Soul and Blues Festival Alta Soul & Blues Festival,[24] Alta, Norway 69°56′N 23°18′E / 69.933°N 23.3°E / 69.933; 23.3 (Alta Soul & Blues Festival)

Sport

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
9 hole golf course Ulukhaktok, Northwest Territories, Canada[25] 70°44′N 117°45′W / 70.733°N 117.75°W / 70.733; -117.75 (9 hole golf course)

Religion

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Synagogue Murmansk,[26] Russia 68°58′N 33°05′E / 68.967°N 33.083°E / 68.967; 33.083 (Murmansk Synagogue)
Mosque Alnor Senter, Tromsø, Norway[27][28]
69°39′15.01″N 18°57′36.25″E / 69.6541694°N 18.9600694°E / 69.6541694; 18.9600694 (Alnor Senter)
Mosque Custom Built Nurd Kamal Mosque, Norilsk, Russia[29]
69°20′27.19″N 88°12′4.21″E / 69.3408861°N 88.2011694°E / 69.3408861; 88.2011694 (Nurd Kamal Mosque)

Science

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
University University of Tromsø,[30][31] Tromsø, Norway 69°40′N 18°56′E / 69.667°N 18.933°E / 69.667; 18.933 (University of Tromsø)

Gardens, zoos and aquaria

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Botanical garden Tromsø Botaniske Hage,[32] Tromsø, Norway[30] 69°40′N 18°56′E / 69.667°N 18.933°E / 69.667; 18.933 (Tromsø Botaniske Hage)
Vineyard Lerkekåsa Vineyard, Eventyrvin AS,[33] Gvarv, Telemark, Norway 59°40′N 09°19′E / 59.667°N 9.317°E / 59.667; 9.317 (Lerkekåsa Vineyard)

Transportation

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Motorway TornioKeminmaa, Finland (Finnish national road 29/E8)[34] 65°50′N 24°20′E / 65.833°N 24.333°E / 65.833; 24.333 (Tornio–Keminmaa motorway)

Other

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Brewery Mack Bryggeri,[35] Tromsø, Norway[36] (disputed) 69°40′N 018°56′E / 69.667°N 18.933°E / 69.667; 18.933 (Mack Brewery, Tromsø)
Diplomatic mission Russian Consulate-General[37] Spitsbergen, Norway 78°04′N 014°13′E / 78.067°N 14.217°E / 78.067; 14.217 (Russian Consulate-General, Barentsburg)[38]
Fell village Saariselkä, Inari, Finland[39] 68°25′N 27°25′E / 68.417°N 27.417°E / 68.417; 27.417 (Fell village, Saariselkä)
Fortress Vardøhus Fortress,[40] Vardø, Norway 70°22′20″N 31°5′40″E / 70.37222°N 31.09444°E / 70.37222; 31.09444 (Vardøhus Fortress)
Medieval stone castle Olavinlinna, Savonlinna, Finland [41][42] 61°51′50″N 28°54′0″E / 61.86389°N 28.9°E / 61.86389; 28.9 (Medieval stone castle, Olavinlinna)
Military garrison Thule Air Force Base, Qaasuitsup, Greenland 76°31′53″N 68°42′12″W / 76.53139°N 68.70333°W / 76.53139; -68.70333
Webcam North Pole Environmental Observatory,[43][44] drifting on the Arctic Ocean's pack ice 84°06′N 2°00′E / 84.1°N 2°E / 84.1; 2 (Webcam at North Pole Environmental Observatory (August position)) (August, position varies)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Trucker Reaches $32,000 Level On Quiz Show". The Modesto Bee. January 2, 1957. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=pGwhAAAAIBAJ&sjid=sYUFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2643,223103. Retrieved March 16, 2010.  ("Einfrank said correctly that the capital of the sovereign, independent nation located farthest north is Reykjavik, Iceland")
  2. ^ Guinness World Records 2003 p.128 (2003) (ISBN 978-0553586367)("The most northerly capital of a dependency is Nuuk")
  3. ^ Reynolds, Lindor (August 31, 2000). "Life is cold and hard and desolate at Alert, Nunavut". Guelph Mercury. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/thestar/access/445998211.html?dids=445998211:445998211&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Aug+31%2C+2000&author=Reynolds%2C+Lindor&pub=Daily+Mercury&desc=Life+is+cold+and+hard+and+desolate+at+Alert%2C+Nunavut&pqatl=google. Retrieved March 16, 2010.  ("Twice a year, the military resupply Alert, the world's northernmost settlement.")
  4. ^ Rosenthal, Elisabeth (March 3, 2008). "A Speck of Sunlight Is a Town’s Yearly Alarm Clock". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/03/world/europe/03sun.html. Retrieved March 16, 2010.  ("this remote Arctic settlement — which bills itself as the northernmost town in the world ... The 2,000 inhabitants of Longyearbyen...")
  5. ^ Mellgren, Doug (Associated Press) (March 19, 1998). "It's a matter of latitude: Norwegians trade barbs in northernmost-town spat". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://www.seattlepi.com/getaways/031998/nor19.html. Retrieved March 16, 2010.  (article notes change in Norwegian law requiring a population in excess of 5,000 to be considered a town, to cement Hammerfest's claim to be the "world's northermost town")
  6. ^ "Land Farthest North Is Kaffeklubben Island". The New York Times. June 15, 1969. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F10F12F7395E1A7B93C7A8178DD85F4D8685F9. Retrieved March 17, 2010.  ("Cartographers in north Greenland have found that Kaffeklubben Island is farther north than any previously known point of land.")
  7. ^ 1961-1990 temperatures
  8. ^ Rost Ii, Norway (Including Jan Mayen and Svalbard)
  9. ^ Distribution of coral reefs
  10. ^ Flaggermus I Nord-Norge
  11. ^ Kurt Gron (April 26, 2007). "Japanese macaque Macaca fuscata". Primate Info Net. University of Wisconsin. http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/japanese_macaque. Retrieved 15 September 2009. 
  12. ^ State Nature Biosphere Reserve "Taymyrsky"
  13. ^ 22/01/2003 - Hyères-les-(ex)-Palmiers ?
  14. ^ Salicaceae of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
  15. ^ a b "Larix gmelinii," The Gymnosperm Database, accessed February 9, 2009. (This reference specifies the placename but not its coordinates.)
  16. ^ Ash
  17. ^ BØK TIL GULV , MØBEL OG FINÉR
  18. ^ Elm
  19. ^ Holly
  20. ^ Hazel
  21. ^ Lime
  22. ^ Oak
  23. ^ Tromsø Symfoniorkester
  24. ^ Alta Soul & Blues Festival
  25. ^ Arctic Golfing
  26. ^ Synagogues at extreme latitudes
  27. ^ World's Northern Most Mosque
  28. ^ Alnor Senter Webpage
  29. ^ Всевышний да услышит. Картинки из мечети
  30. ^ a b "Norwegian outpost mix of books, booze". Reading Eagle. March 9, 1999. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=k4c1AAAAIBAJ&sjid=OaYFAAAAIBAJ&pg=6138,4792915. Retrieved March 16, 2010.  (regarding Tromsø, "this small Norwegian city has the most northerly university in the world, the most northerly cathedral and the most northerly botanical gardens.")
  31. ^ Welcome to the University of Tromsø!
  32. ^ Tromsø botaniske hage
  33. ^ Eventyrvin
  34. ^ Raunio, Helena (12 October 2006). "Haaparanta–Tornion kaksoiskaupunki valmistuu" (in Finnish). Tekniikka & Talous. Talentum Oyj. http://www.tekniikkatalous.fi/tyo/article44825.ece. Retrieved 3 February 2009. 
  35. ^ Mack Brewery
  36. ^ "Land of the midnight fun". The Times. July 11, 2006. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/travel/article686023.ece?print=yes&randnum=1151003209000. Retrieved March 16, 2010.  ("Tromsø, the town with the northernmost brewery")
  37. ^ Consulate General of Russia in Barentsburg, Norway
  38. ^ Russian Embassy in Norway website
  39. ^ Saariselkä
  40. ^ Vardø - Finnmark County Millennium Capital
  41. ^ http://www.gearthhacks.com/dlfile23910/St.-Olafs-Castle,-Savonlinna.htm
  42. ^ http://www.finland.com/gettingaround.do?page=motoring
  43. ^ North Pole Environmental Observatory
  44. ^ NOAA Arctic Theme page

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