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Theagenes (Greek: Θεαγένης; fl. c. 160 AD) of Patras, was a Cynic philosopher and close friend of Peregrinus Proteus,.

He is known principally as a character who appears in Lucian's The Death of Peregrinus (Latin: De Morte Peregrini), where he is introduced as praising Peregrinus' desire to kill himself by self-immolation:

"Proteus," he cried, "Proteus vain-glorious? Who dares name the word? Earth! Sun! Seas! Rivers! God of our fathers, Heracles! Was it for this that he suffered bondage in Syria? that he forgave his country a debt of a million odd? that he was cast out of Rome, - he whose brilliance exceeds the Sun, fit rival of the Lord of Olympus? 'Tis his good will to depart from life by fire, and they call it vain-glory! What other end had Heracles?"[1]

Theagenes aided Peregrinus' in setting fire to the funeral pyre, which Peregrinus threw himself upon.[2] Theagenes compared Peregrinus' suicide with the similar practices of the Gymnosophists in India.[3] Lucian - who was hostile to Theagenes and his brand of Cynicism - also states that Theagenes had a fortune of fifteen talents, which he obtained by money-lending.[4]

Theagenes is mentioned by Galen, who recalls how he lectured daily to large crowds in Trajan's Forum in Rome.[5] Galen describes how Theagenes died when he was given inappropriate treatment by Statilius Attalus (physician to Marcus Aurelius) for inflammation of the liver.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ Lucian, De Morte Peregrini, 4.
  2. ^ Lucian, De Morte Peregrini, 36.
  3. ^ Lucian, De Morte Peregrini, 25.
  4. ^ Lucian, De Morte Peregrini, 30.
  5. ^ a b Galen, Methodus medendi, 13.15.
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