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There is no alternative (shortened as TINA) was a slogan which Margaret Thatcher, the conservative British Prime Minister used often. In economics, politics, and political economy, it has come to mean that "there is no alternative" to the status quo of their economic system and neoliberalism.[1][2] This is the main slogan of neoliberalism, arguing that free markets, free trade, and capitalist globalization are the only way in which modern societies can go, as any deviation from their doctrine is certain to lead to disaster. Thatcher's affinity for the phrase lead to author Claire Berlinski choosing it as the title for her biography of the former Prime Minister.

The phrase may be traced to its emphatic use by nineteenth-century extreme libertarian thinker Herbert Spencer.[3]

In the early nineties, Francis Fukuyama wrote a book named The End of History and the Last Man, which in a similar strain argued that liberal democracy had triumphed over communism and the historical struggle between political systems was over (though there could still be future events).

Susan George, a prominent critic of neoliberal globalization disagrees by saying "TATA!" (There Are Thousands of Alternatives), which also refers to the main political slogan of the alter-globalization movement: "another world is possible".

See also


External links

  • Margaret Thatcher's key speeches searched for "there is no alternative". There were numerous uses with variations.


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