|City of Thibodaux|
|Nickname: Queen City of Lafourche|
|Elevation||13 ft (4 m)|
|Area||5.5 sq mi (14.2 km2)|
|- land||5.5 sq mi (14 km2)|
|- water||0.0 sq mi (0 km2), 0%|
|Density||2,636.8 /sq mi (1,018.1 /km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||70301, 70302, 70310|
Location of Thibodaux in Louisiana
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Thibodaux (pronounced /ËˆtÉªbÉµdoÊŠ/ TIB-o-doe) is a small city in and the parish seat of Lafourche Parish, Louisiana, United States, along the banks of Bayou Lafourche in the northwestern part of the parish. The population was 14,431 at the 2000 census. Thibodaux is a principal city of the Houmaâ€“Bayou Caneâ€“Thibodaux Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The community was settled in the 18th century. It was incorporated as a town in 1838 under the name Thibodauxville, in honor of local plantation owner Henry Schuyler Thibodaux, who provided land for the village and served as acting governor of Louisiana in 1824. The name was changed to Thibodeaux in 1838, and the current spelling Thibodaux was officially adopted in 1918.
A sugar cane workers' strike culminated in the "Thibodaux Massacre" of Nov. 1-4, 1887, the second most bloody labor dispute in U.S. history. The strike for higher wages of 10,000 workers (1,000 of whom were white) was organized by the Knights of Labor during rolling period. This was critical to the sugar cane harvest. Planters were alarmed both by outside organizations and the thought of losing their total crops. Plantations in Terrebonne and Lafourche parishes were involved. The governor called in the State militia at the planters' request. Efforts to break the strike resulted in the deaths of a total of 30-35 African American workers, chiefly at the hands of white paramilitary members.
In 1896, the first rural free delivery of mail in Louisiana began in Thibodaux. It was the second in the United States.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14.2 kmÂ²), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,431 people, 5,500 households, and 3,355 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,636.8 people per square mile (1,018.6/kmÂ²). There were 6,004 housing units at an average density of 1,097.0/sq mi (423.8/kmÂ²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.04% White, 33.76% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.03% of the population.
There were 5,500 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 19.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 17.3% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 85.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,697, and the median income for a family was $36,551. Males had a median income of $31,464 versus $21,144 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,966. About 20.6% of families and 25.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.3% of those under age 18 and 18.2% of those age 65 or over.
Zoned elementary schools include:
W.S. Lafargue Elementary School
Zoned middle schools include:
Sixth Ward Middle School
Thibodaux residents are zoned to Thibodaux High School.
Catholic schools include
The Roman Catholic patron saints of Thibodaux are Saint ValÃ©rie, an early Christian martyr, and Saint Vitalis of Milan, her husband, also a martyr. A life-sized reliquary of Saint ValÃ©rie, containing an arm bone, was brought to Thibodaux in 1868 and is displayed in her shrine in St. Joseph Co-Cathedral in Thibodaux. A smaller reliquary, with a relic of St. Vitalis, is displayed near St. ValÃ©rie's reliquary. St. ValÃ©rie has traditionally been invoked for intercession in protecting Thibodaux from hurricanes.
The city was mentioned in Hank Williams's "Jambalaya (On The Bayou)", in the 1970s Jerry Reed song "Amos Moses," in the 1990s George Strait song "Adalida," the 1999 Jimmy Buffett song "I will Play for Gumbo," the 2008 Toby Keith song "Creole Woman," and its name is the title of a song by jazz songstress Marcia Ball.
Richard D'Alton Williams, a well-known 19th-century Irish patriot, poet, and physician, died of tuberculosis in Thibodaux in 1862, and is buried in St. Joseph Cemetery. His headstone was later erected that year by Irish members of the 8th New Hampshire Infantry Regiment, then encamped in Thibodaux. A famous Mississippi blues musician, Eddie "Guitar Slim" Jones, is buried in Thibodaux, where he often played, and where his manager, Hosea Hill, resided.
The mayor of Thibodaux is Charles Caillouet.