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Thlopthlocco Tribal Town
Bandera Thlopthlocco.PNG
Total population
Regions with significant populations
United States (Oklahoma)

English, Mvskoke


Protestantism, traditional tribal religion

Related ethnic groups

Muskogean peoples: Alabama, Coushatta, Miccosukee, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee Creek, and Seminole

Thlopthlocco Tribal Town is both a federally recognized Native American tribe and a traditional township of Muscogee Creek Indians, based in Oklahoma. The tribe's native language is Mvskoke, also called Creek.



The Muscogee Creek confederacy was composed of autonomous tribal towns, governed by their own elected leadership. Creeks originated in the Southeastern United States, from what is now Alabama and Georgia. They were collectively removed from the southeast to Indian Territory under the United States' Indian Removal Policy of the 1830s. Before 1832, the Thlopthlocco Tribal Town split from a larger town and was removed to Indian Territory in 1835.[1] The members of the town settled in an area south of Okemah, Oklahoma, in what would become Okfuskee County.

The township retained its identity despite allotment and organized as a distinct tribe under the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act of 1936.[1] The original headquarters for the tribe was the Thlopthlocco Methodist Episcopal Church, located between Wetumka and Okemah.


Thlopthlocco Tribal Town is now headquartered in Clearview, Oklahoma and conducts business from Okemah. Tribal enrollment stands at 800, with 613 members living within the state of Oklahoma.[2] Vernon Yarholar is the elected Mekko, or Chief, serving a four-year term.[3] The tribe maintains a close relationship with the Muscogee Nation and falls under the jurisdiction of their tribal courts.

Thlopthlocco operates its own tribal housing program, smoke shop,[2] and the Golden Pony Casino, located in Okemah.


  1. ^ a b Moore, John H. "Thlopthlocco Tribal Town." Oklahoma Historical Society's Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture (retrieved 8 April 2009)
  2. ^ a b Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commission. 2008 Pocket Pictorial. (retrieved 8 April 2009)
  3. ^ American Indian Cultural Center & Museum. Oklahoma Tribes. 2009 (retrieved 8 April 2009)

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