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Thomas Aquinas

Born Thomas Aquinas
1225
Roccasecca, Kingdom of Sicily
Died 7 March 1274 (aged 49)
Fossanova, Kingdom of Sicily
Occupation priest, philosopher, theologian
Genres Scholasticism, Thomism
Subjects Metaphysics, Logic, Mind, Epistemology, Ethics, Politics
Notable work(s) Summa Theologica
.Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P. (also Thomas of Aquin or Aquino; ca.^ Thomas Aquinas , «Introduction to Saint Thomas Aquinas».

^ Please Read How You Can Help Keep the Encyclopedia Free Saint Thomas Aquinas .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas , « Devoutly I Adore Thee : The Prayers and Hymns of Saint Thomas Aquinas».

.1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church in the Dominican Order, and an immensely influential philosopher and theologian in the tradition of scholasticism, known as Doctor Angelicus and Doctor Communis.^ His impact on Christianity was so immense that his writings are still at the core of Roman Catholic seminary education.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reg: Aquinas was a Catholic theologian and philosopher – the Catholic Church (along with the Jews and the Orthodox) believes in hell – it would make sense that Aquinas would talk about it.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Aquinas Catechism: A Simple Explanation of the Catholic Faith by the Church's Greatest Theologian».

.He is frequently referred to as Thomas because "Aquinas" refers to his residence rather than his surname.^ I find it hilarious that there are people here who have not heard of Thomas Aquinas, yet feel somehow superior to him because of the power of his faith.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In English it might be better to call it “substantial” rather than “substance.” And in that regard, it cannot be considered as forming the basis for a kind of substance dualism in Aquinas.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

He was the foremost classical proponent of natural theology, and the father of the Thomistic school of philosophy and theology. .His influence on Western thought is considerable, and much of modern philosophy was conceived as a reaction against, or as an agreement with, his ideas, particularly in the areas of ethics, natural law and political theory.^ Law and Political Theory (1a 2ae.

^ The preceding paragraph has been meant to capture the salient note of much modern philosophy since Descartes.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas was put forward as the paladin of philosophy in its true sense, as over and against the vagaries of modern thought since Descartes.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Aquinas is held in the Catholic Church to be the model teacher for those studying for the priesthood.^ Reg: Aquinas was a Catholic theologian and philosopher – the Catholic Church (along with the Jews and the Orthodox) believes in hell – it would make sense that Aquinas would talk about it.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aquinas’ Summa, the Catholic Encyclopedia, and the 1st part of the new Catechism of the Catholic Church).
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Aquinas Catechism: A Simple Explanation of the Catholic Faith by the Church's Greatest Theologian».

[1] .The works for which he is best-known are the Summa Theologica and the Summa Contra Gentiles.^ Summa contra gentiles .
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  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ New York: Doubleday, 1955–57; reprinted as Summa contra gentiles, Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1975.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ He finished the Summa contra gentiles , wrote various disputed questions and began the Summa theologiae .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.One of the 33 Doctors of the Church, he is considered by many Catholics to be the Church's greatest theologian and philosopher.^ Reg: Aquinas was a Catholic theologian and philosopher – the Catholic Church (along with the Jews and the Orthodox) believes in hell – it would make sense that Aquinas would talk about it.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A consortium of philosophers, historians, and theologians in the Netherlands has gathered many resources for readers of Thomas.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Aquinas was one of the greatest philosophers not born in Athens, and did more to elevate man from the darkness of ignorance and superstition than any man alive today.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Early years and desire to become a Dominican (1225-1244)

Aquinas was born c. .1225 out of his father Count Landulf of Aquino's castle of Roccasecca in the Kingdom of Sicily, in the present-day Lazio.^ Thomas was born in 1225 at Roccasecca, a hilltop castle from which the great Benedictine abbey of Montecassino is not quite visible, midway between Rome and Naples.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

Through his mother, Theodora Countess of Theate, Aquinas was related to the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Holy Roman emperors.[2] Landulf's brother Sinibald was abbot of the original Benedictine abbey at Monte Cassino. While the rest of the Aquinas sons pursued a military career,[3] the family intended for Aquinas to follow his uncle into the abbacy;[4] this would have been a normal career path for a younger son of southern Italian nobility.[2]
.At the age of five, Aquinas began his early education at Monte Cassino but after the military conflict that broke out between the Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX spilled into the abbey in early 1239, Landulf and Theodora had Aquinas enrolled at the studium generale (university) recently established by Frederick in Naples.^ At the age of five, he was entered at Montecassino where his studies began.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ INDEX OPERUM Thomas Aquinas , « Catena aurea : Commentary on the Four Gospels Collected Out of the Works of the Early Church Fathers, t.

^ Thomas Aquinas , « Catena aurea : Commentary on the Four Gospels Collected Out of the Works of the Early Church Fathers».

[5] .It was here that Aquinas was probably introduced to Aristotle, Averroes and Maimonides, all of whom would influence his theological philosophy.^ Editors from the other sites would say it’s the other way around, hence all the “you can’t say that here” stuff we get from time to time… .
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] It was also during his study at Naples that Aquinas came under the influence of John of St. Julian, a Dominican preacher in Naples, who was part of the active effort by the Dominican order to recruit devout followers.[7] .Here his teacher in arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music was Petrus de Ibernia.^ The arts of the trivium (grammar, rhetoric, logic) and those of the quadrivium (arithmetic, geometry, music and astronomy) were fragments preserved against the ruinous loss of classical knowledge.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[8]
At age nineteen, Thomas resolved to join the Dominican Order. .Aquinas' change of heart did not please his family, who had expected him to become a Benedictine monk.^ I find it hilarious that there are people here who have not heard of Thomas Aquinas, yet feel somehow superior to him because of the power of his faith.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas , «Why Did God the Son Become Man?

[9] In an attempt to prevent Theodora's interference in Aquinas' choice, the Dominicans arranged for Aquinas to be removed to Rome, and from Rome, sent to Paris.[10] On his way to Rome, his brothers, per Theodora's instructions, seized him as he was drinking from a spring and took him back to his parents at the castle of Monte San Giovanni Campano.[10] He was held for two years in the family homes at Monte San Giovanni and Roccasecca in an attempt to prevent him from assuming the Dominican habit and to push him into renouncing his new aspiration.[6] .Political concerns prevented the Pope from ordering Aquinas' release, extending the detention,[11] a detention which Aquinas spent tutoring his sisters and communicating with members of the Dominican Order.^ Thomas, after early studies at Montecassino, moved on to the University of Naples, where he met members of the new Dominican Order.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[6] Family members became desperate to dissuade Aquinas, who remained determined to join the Dominicans. .At one point, two of his brothers hired a prostitute to seduce him, but he drove her away, wielding a burning stick.^ LSU fans were adamant that Fisher wasn't very good when we hired him away.
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

According to legend, that night two angels appeared to him as he slept and strengthened his determination to remain celibate.[12] .By 1244, seeing that all of her attempts to dissuade Aquinas had failed, Theodora sought to save face, arranging for Aquinas to escape at night through his window.^ I don't see how Dawkins being an intelligent man and an able researcher could have failed to grasp Aquinas' arguments.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

.In her mind, a secret escape from detention was less damaging than an open surrender to the Dominicans.^ The provable is less important to a religious/superstitious mind than a reality based rational philosophy.
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.Aquinas was sent first to Naples and then to Rome to meet Johannes von Wildeshausen, the Master General of the Dominican Order.^ The first purchase on natural things is via “physical object” or “natural thing.” The “order of demonstration” involves finding the properties of things as known through this general concept.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas, after early studies at Montecassino, moved on to the University of Naples, where he met members of the new Dominican Order.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[13]

Paris, Cologne, Albert Magnus, and First Paris Regency (1245-1259)

In 1245, Aquinas was sent to study at the University of Paris' Faculty of Arts where he most likely met Dominican scholar Albertus Magnus,[14] then the Chair of Theology at the College of St. James in Paris.[15] .When Albertus was sent by his superiors to teach at the new studium generale at Cologne in 1248,[14] Aquinas followed him, declining Pope Innocent IV's offer to appoint him abbot of Monte Cassino as a Dominican.^ I find it hilarious that there are people here who have not heard of Thomas Aquinas, yet feel somehow superior to him because of the power of his faith.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

[4] Albertus then appointed the reluctant Aquinas magister studentium.[2] After failing in his first theological disputation, Albertus prophetically exclaimed: "We call him the dumb ox, but in his teaching he will one day produce such a bellowing that it will be heard throughout the world."[4]
.Aquinas taught in Cologne as an apprentice professor (baccalaureus biblicus), instructing students on the books of the Old Testament and writing Expositio super Isaiam ad litteram (Literal Commentary on Isaiah), Postilla super Ieremiam (Commentary on Jeremiah) and Postilla super Threnos (Commentary on Lamentations).^ Postilla super Threnos .
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^ Expositio in Job “ad litteram” .
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^ Postilla super Threnos, on the Lamentations of Jeremiah .
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[16] Then in 1252 he returned to Paris to study for the master's degree in theology. .He lectured on the Bible as an apprentice professor, and upon becoming a baccalaureus Sententiarum (bachelor of the Sentences)[17] devoted his final three years of study to commenting on Peter Lombard's Sentences.^ Scriptum super libros Sententiarum, on the Sentences of Peter Lombard .
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^ Extensive and progressively more intensive study of the scriptures, Old and New Testament, and of the summary of Christian doctrine called the Sentences which was compiled by the twelfth century Bishop of Paris, Peter Lombard.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Sentences of Peter Lombard, the theological textbook in Thomas’ day) .
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.In the first of his four theological syntheses, Aquinas composed a massive commentary on the Sentences entitled Scriptum super libros Sententiarium (Commentary on the Sentences).^ Scriptum super libros Sententiarum .
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^ Scriptum super libros Sententiarum, on the Sentences of Peter Lombard .
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^ Thomas Aquinas’s Earliest Treatment of the Divine Essence: “Scriptum super libros Sententiarum,” Book 1, Distinction 8.
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.Aside from his masters writings, he wrote De ente et essentia (On Being and Essence) for his fellow Dominicans in Paris.^ De ente et essentia ad fratres et socios suos .
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^ De ente et essentia .
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Thomas Aquinas , «On Being and Essence ( De ente et essentia )».

[4]
.In spring of 1256, Aquinas was appointed regent master in theology at Paris and one of his first works upon assuming this office was Contra impugnantes Dei cultum et religionem (Against Those Who Assail the Worship of God and Religion), defending the mendicant orders which had come under attack by William of Saint-Amour.^ Contra impugnantes Dei cultum et religionem .
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^ Colncerning # 11; that the Saints in heaven are PERMITTED to view the self-inflicted sufferings of those who deliberately choose to oppose God, the emphasis should be on the word “permitted”.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Manchester, NH: Sophia Institute , 1993; revised under the title The Aquinas Prayer Book: The Prayers and Hymns of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Sophia Institute, 2000.
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[18] .During his tenure from 1256 to 1259, Aquinas wrote numerous works, including: Questiones disputatae de veritate (Disputed Questions on Truth), a collection of twenty-nine disputed questions on aspects of faith and the human condition [19] prepared for the public university debates he presided over on Lent and Advent;[20] Quaestiones quodlibetales (Quodlibetal Questions), a collection of his responses to questions posed to him by the academic audience;[19] and both Expositio super librum Boethii De trinitate (Commentary on Boethius's De trinitate) and Expositio super librum Boethii De hebdomadibus (Commentary on Boethius's De hebdomadibus), commentaries on the works of 6th century philosopher Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius.^ Disputed questions De anima .
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^ Thomas Aquinas , «Commentary on the Book of Causes: Super librum de causis expositio : Translated and annotated».

^ On Faith: Quaestiones disputatae de veritate 14.1–2.
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[21] .By the end of his regency, Aquinas was working on one of his most famous works, Summa contra Gentiles.^ Summa contra gentiles .
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^ He finished the Summa contra gentiles , wrote various disputed questions and began the Summa theologiae .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ One obvious point here is that Dawkins has never read Aquinas, namely the Summa Theologica.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

[22]
Saint Thomas Aquinas
St. Thomas Aquinas, by Fra Angelico
Doctor of the Church
Born c. 1225, Roccasecca, in Lazio, Italy
Died 7 March 1274 (aged 49), Fossanuova Abbey, Italy
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Canonized 18 July 1323, Avignon, France by Pope John XXII
Major shrine Church of the Jacobins, Toulouse, France
Feast 28 January (new), 7 March (old)
Attributes The Summa Theologica, a model church, the Sun
Patronage All Catholic educational institutions

Naples, Orvieto, Rome, and Santa Sabina (1259-1269)

Around 1259, Aquinas returned to Naples where he lived until he arrived in Orvieto around September 1261. In Orvieto, he was appointed conventual lector, in charge of the education of friars unable to attend a studium generale. .During his stay in Orvieto, Aquinas completed his Summa contra Gentiles, and wrote the Catena Aurea (The Golden Chain).^ Summa contra gentiles .
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^ Man and the Conduct of Life: Summa contra Gentiles (III, chapters 1-113).

^ He finished the Summa contra gentiles , wrote various disputed questions and began the Summa theologiae .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[23] .He also wrote the liturgy for the newly created feast of Corpus Christi and produced works for Pope Urban IV concerning Greek Orthodox theology, e.g.^ Liturgy of Corpus Christi.
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.Contra errores graecorum.^ Contra errores Graecorum .
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^ Contra errores Graecorum, on the procession of the Spirit .
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^ Apologia” of Demetrios Kydones for Unity with Rome and St. Thomas Aquinas’ “Contra Errores Graecorum.” 2d ed.
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[22] .In 1265 he was ordered by the Dominicans to establish a studium for the Order in Rome at the priory of Santa Sabina, which he did from 1265 until he was called back to Paris in 1268.[24] It was in Rome that Aquinas began his most famous work, Summa Theologica,[23] and wrote a variety of other works like his unfinished Compendium Theologiae and Responsio ad fr.^ Summa theologiae (also referred to as the Summa theologica ) .
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^ If the demonstrations work, as Aquinas thinks they do, what other god would the Jew, Christians, and Muslims believe in?
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^ So Aquinas could expect his readers to know the much more extensive and complete arguments he was gesturing at with the Five Ways, arguments to be found in detail in other figures like Aristotle, Avicenna, and so on, as well as in other works of his own, the Summa Contra Gentiles for example.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Ioannem Vercellensem de articulis 108 sumptis ex opere Petri de Tarentasia
(Reply to Brother John of Vercelli Regarding 108 Articles Drawn from the Work of Peter of Tarentaise).^ De articulis fidei et Ecclesiae sacramentis ad archiepiscopum Panormitanum, on the articles of faith and the heresies against each .
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^ How to Study: Being the Letter of St. Thomas Aquinas to Brother John, “De modo studendi.” 4th ed.
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^ The Letter of Thomas Aquinas to Brother John De modo studendi.
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[21] .In his position as head of the studium, conducted a series of important disputations on the power of God, which he compiled into his De potentia.^ On the Divine Simplicity: Disputed Question of the Power of God, 7.” In Thomas Aquinas, Selected Writings, edited and translated with an introduction and notes by Ralph McInerny, 291–342.
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^ Thomas Aquinas , «On the Power of God ( Quaestiones disputatae de potentia Dei )».

^ On Searching into God: Being an Exposition of the “De Trinitate” of Boethius.
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[24]

The Quarrelsome Second Paris Regency (1269-1272)

In 1268 the Dominican Order assigned Aquinas to be regent master at the University of Paris for a second time, a position he held until the spring of 1272. Part of the reason for this sudden reassignment appears to have arisen from the rise of "Averroism" or "radical Aristotelianism" in the universities. .In response to these perceived evils, Aquinas wrote two works, one of them being De unitate intellectus, contra Averroistas (On the Unicity of Intellect, against the Averroists) in which he blasts Averroism as incompatible with Christian doctrine.^ De unitate intellectus contra Averroistas .
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^ The work is called in the Latin, De unitate intellectus contra averroistas , On there being only one intellect contra the Averroists .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas , «On the Unity of the Intellect against the Averroists ( De unitate intellectus contra Averroistas ): Translated from the Latin with an Introduction».

[25] .During his second regency, he finished the second part of the Summa and wrote De virtutibus and De aeternitati mundi,[24] the latter of which dealt with controversial Averroist and Aristotelian beginninglessness of the world.^ On the Eternity of the World (De aeternitate mundi).
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^ On the contrary, as it happens, during the second Parisian period, in the thick of the Latin-Averroist controversy, Thomas wrote an opusculum dedicated to the question: what did Aristotle actually teach?
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^ He finished the Summa contra gentiles , wrote various disputed questions and began the Summa theologiae .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[26]
.Disputes with some important Franciscans such as Bonaventure and John Peckham conspired to make his second regency much more difficult and troubled than the first.^ Some of his disputed questions date from his first stint as regius master at Paris.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The simplest way I think to dispute Aquinas is simply to disagree with the given that everything must have a first cause of some sort.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, first, there are quite a few more arguments against the existence of god, other than the two that Aquinas addressed.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

.A year before Aquinas re-assumed the regency at the 1266-67 Paris disputations, Franciscan master William of Baglione accused Aquinas of encouraging Averroists, calling him the "blind leader of the blind". Aquinas called these individuals the murmurantes (Grumblers).^ Some of his disputed questions date from his first stint as regius master at Paris.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Returned to Paris, he completed his studies, became a Master and for three years occupied one of the Dominican chairs in the Faculty of Theology.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Joyner might need a year before he is "shutdown shutdown", but I still expect him to contribute his first year at FSU. .
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .In reality, Aquinas was deeply disturbed by the spread of Averroism and was angered when he discovered Siger of Brabant teaching Averroistic interpretations of Aristotle to Parisian students.^ On the contrary, as it happens, during the second Parisian period, in the thick of the Latin-Averroist controversy, Thomas wrote an opusculum dedicated to the question: what did Aristotle actually teach?
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas; Siger of Brabant; Bonaventure , «On the Eternity of the World ( De aeternitate mundi ): Translated from the Latin with an Introduction».

^ Thomas Aquinas , «Aristotle On Interpretation ( Peri hermeneias ): Commentary by St. Thomas and Cajetan: Translated from the Latin with an Introduction».

[27]
.On 10 December 1270, the bishop of Paris, Etienne Tempier, issued an edict condemning thirteen Aristotlelian and Averroistic propositions as heretical and excommunicating anyone who continued to support them.^ His writing continued until he had a mystical experience which made him think of all he had done as “mere straw.” At the time of his death in 1274 he was under a cloud in Paris and in 1277, 219 propositions were condemned by a commission appointed by the Bishop of Paris, among them tenets of Thomas.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For instance, Aquinas thinks that that anyone who knows the language will know the truth of a proposition like a whole consists of the sum of its parts .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[28] .Many in the ecclesiastical community, the so-called Augustinians, were fearful that this introduction of Aristotelianism and the more extreme Averroism might somehow contaminate the purity of the Christian faith.^ From there he was called back to Paris to confront the controversy variously called Latin Averroism and Heterodox Aristotelianism.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In what appears to be an attempt to counteract the growing fear of Aristotelian thought, Aquinas conducted a series of disputations between 1270 and 1272: De virtutibus in communi (On Virtues in General), De virtutibus cardinalibus (On Cardinal Virtues) De spe (On Hope).^ Disputed Questions on Virtue: Quaestio disputata de virtutibus in communi; Quaestio disputata de virtutibus cardinalibus.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ De virtutibus cardinalibus .
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^ De virtutibus in communi .
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

[29]

Final days and "Straw" (1272-1274)

.In 1272 Aquinas took leave from the University of Paris when the Dominicans from his home province called upon him to establish a studium generale wherever he liked and staff it as he pleased.^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Summa theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas Literally Translated by the Fathers of the English Dominican Province».

^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Summa theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas Literally Translated by the Fathers of the English Dominican Province: With Synoptical Charts».

^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Summa theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas Translated by the Fathers of the English Dominican Province, t.

.He chose to establish the institution in Naples, and moved there to take his post as regent master.^ If successful, this proof establishes that there is a first mover of all moved movers which is not itself material.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[24] .He took his time at Naples to work on the third part of the Summa while giving lectures on various religious topics.^ A companion work to Jung’s Mysterium coniunctionis, and originally published as the third part thereof.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

.On 6 December 1273 Aquinas was celebrating the Mass of St Nicholas when he unexpectedly abandoned his routine and refused to dictate to his socius Reginald of Piperno.^ A Tale of Two Wonderworkers: St. Nicholas of Myra in the Writings and Life of St. Thomas Aquinas.” Angelicum 82 (2005): 19–53.
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  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

.When Reginald begged him to get back to work, Aquinas replied: "Reginald, I cannot, because all that I have written seems like straw to me."^ The first point, in lacking a part of Aquinas' logic, does seem a weaker argument, in that it doesn't back up the logic to the extent that Aquinas does.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I find it hilarious that there are people here who have not heard of Thomas Aquinas, yet feel somehow superior to him because of the power of his faith.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jimbo has told him who the DC is and that “he’s not from Bama.” We also shouldn’t be worried because he has coached in FL before and coached up some All-Americans.
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30] (mihi videtur ut palea).[31] What exactly triggered Aquinas's experience is believed to be some kind of spiritual experience.[32] After taking to his bed, he did recover some strength.[33]
.Looking to find a way to reunite the Eastern and Western churches, Pope Gregory X convened the Second Council of Lyon to be held on 1 May 1274 and summoned Aquinas to attend.^ In 1274, on his way to the Council of Lyon, he fell ill and died on March 7 in the Cistercian abbey at Fossanova, which is perhaps twenty kilometers from Roccasecca.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Its not exactly great to look at it this way but the catholic church is also widely responsible for AIDs, through its stance on birth control.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Its not exactly great to look at it this way but the catholic church is also widely responsible for AIDs, through its stance on birth control.” .
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

[34] .At the meeting, Aquinas' work for Pope Urban IV concerning the Greeks, Contra errores graecorum, was to be presented.^ Contra errores Graecorum .
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Contra errores Graecorum, on the procession of the Spirit .
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Apologia” of Demetrios Kydones for Unity with Rome and St. Thomas Aquinas’ “Contra Errores Graecorum.” 2d ed.
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  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

[35] .On his way to the Council, riding on a donkey along the Appian Way,[34] he struck his head on the branch of a fallen tree and became seriously ill again.^ In 1274, on his way to the Council of Lyon, he fell ill and died on March 7 in the Cistercian abbey at Fossanova, which is perhaps twenty kilometers from Roccasecca.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

He was then quickly escorted to Monte Cassino to convalesce.[33] .After resting for a while, he set out again, but stopped at the Cistercian Fossanova Abbey after again falling ill.^ In 1274, on his way to the Council of Lyon, he fell ill and died on March 7 in the Cistercian abbey at Fossanova, which is perhaps twenty kilometers from Roccasecca.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[36] The monks nursed him for several days, and as he received his last rites he prayed: "I receive Thee, ransom of my soul. For love of Thee have I studied and kept vigil, toiled, preached and taught..."[37] .He died on 7 March 1274[36] while giving commentary on the Song of Songs.^ In 1274, on his way to the Council of Lyon, he fell ill and died on March 7 in the Cistercian abbey at Fossanova, which is perhaps twenty kilometers from Roccasecca.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[38]

Condemnation of 1277 and subsequent canonization

In 1277, the same bishop of France, Etienne Tempier, who had issued the condemnation of 1270 issued another, more extensive condemnation. .This new condemnation was aimed to clarify that God's absolute power transcended any principles of logic that Aristotle or Averroes might place on it.^ In order to understand why his claims about the existence and essence of God are not incoherent, we need to place them within the context of Aristotle's Posterior Analytics .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[39] .More specifically, it contained a list of 219 propositions that the bishop had determined to violate the omnipotence of God, and included in this list were twenty Thomistic propositions.^ Aquinas says that the truth of the proposition God exists is knowable in itself, because the predicate is included in the essence of the subject.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas calls the movement from the more to the less general in a science the “order of determination” or specification of the subject matter.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

Their inclusion badly damaged Aquinas' reputation for many years.[40]
.In The Divine Comedy, Dante sees the glorified spirit of Aquinas in the Heaven of the Sun with the other great exemplars of religious wisdom.^ However him and any other “great” religious thinkers do create grandious conceptual bodies of work within the context of their singular religious concepts.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

[41] Dante asserts that Aquinas died by poisoning, on the order of Charles of Anjou[42] Villani (ix. 218) cites this belief, and the Anonimo Fiorentino describes the crime and its motive. .But the historian Ludovico Antonio Muratori reproduces the account made by one of Aquinas' friends, and this version of the story gives no hint of foul play.^ However, that a principle of a substance should be capable of subsistence while not itself being a substance is no surprise for Aquinas in this account of substance.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Stories are not reality, no matter how much one believes it.” .
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We give everyone Aquinas' original versions, yours, and Dawkins' and we'll have people rank the two summations on a scale from 1 to 10, and answer a basic binary yes or no as to whether or not your and Dawkins' summations say different things.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

[43]
.Fifty years after the death of Aquinas, Pope John XXII, seated in Avignon, pronounced Thomas a saint.^ Initiation à saint Thomas d'Aquinas .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Manchester, NH: Sophia Institute , 1993; revised under the title The Aquinas Prayer Book: The Prayers and Hymns of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Sophia Institute, 2000.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ E-texts of Chesterton’s Saint Thomas Aquinas: The Dumb Ox are available as html , plain text , a zipped file , and pdf .
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

[44] Aquinas' theology had begun its rise to prestige. Two centuries later, in 1567, Pope Pius V ranked the festival of St. Thomas Aquinas with those of the four great Latin fathers: Ambrose, Augustine of Hippo, Jerome, and Gregory. However, in the same period the Council of Trent would still turn to Duns Scotus before Thomas, as a source of arguments in defence of the Church. .Even though Duns Scotus was consulted at the Council of Trent, Aquinas still maintained the honor of having his Summa Theologica placed on the altar alongside the Bible and the Decretals.^ One obvious point here is that Dawkins has never read Aquinas, namely the Summa Theologica.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas , « Summa theologica : With Engravings from Vita D. Thomae Aquinatis by Otto van Veen».

^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Summa theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas Literally Translated by the Fathers of the English Dominican Province».

It was not until the First Vatican Council that Thomas was elevated to the preeminent status of "teacher of the church".[40]
.In his encyclical of 4 August 1879, Pope Leo XIII stated that Aquinas' theology was a definitive exposition of Catholic doctrine.^ When in 1879 Leo XIII issued the encyclical Aeterni Patris calling for the revival of the study of Thomas Aquinas, he was not directing his readers to one school as opposed to others.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Ia QQ. 1-119: With Synoptical Charts and the Encyclical Letter of Pope Leo XIII on the Restoration of Christian Philosophy».

Thus, he directed the clergy to take the teachings of Aquinas as the basis of their theological positions. .Leo XIII also decreed that all Catholic seminaries and universities must teach Aquinas' doctrines, and where Aquinas did not speak on a topic, the teachers were "urged to teach conclusions that were reconcilable with his thinking."^ What information did Aquinas require to be freed from his indoctrination, that for example, I do not have (as a Catholic)?
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Catholic University of America Press is preparing a reprint for its “Thomas Aquinas in Translation” series.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ All of this might lead one to think then that, not being a dualist, Aquinas must be a physicalist, there being only two broad possible positions.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

In 1880, Aquinas was declared patron of all Catholic educational establishments.
In a monastery at Naples, near the cathedral of St. Januarius, a cell in which he supposedly lived is still shown to visitors. His remains were placed in the Church of the Jacobins in Toulouse in 1369. Between 1789 and 1974, they were held in Basilique de Saint-Sernin, Toulouse. In 1974, they were returned to the Church of the Jacobins, where they have remained ever since.
.In the General Roman Calendar of 1962,in the Roman Catholic Church, Aquinas was commemorated on 7 March, the day of death.^ Reg: Aquinas was a Catholic theologian and philosopher – the Catholic Church (along with the Jews and the Orthodox) believes in hell – it would make sense that Aquinas would talk about it.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aquinas’ Summa, the Catholic Encyclopedia, and the 1st part of the new Catechism of the Catholic Church).
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Aquinas Catechism: A Simple Explanation of the Catholic Faith by the Church's Greatest Theologian».

.However, in the General Roman Calendar of 1969, even though the norm in the Roman Catholic Church is to remember saints on the day of their death, Aquinas memorial was transferred to 28 January, the date of the translation of his relics to Toulouse.^ However, Aquinas merely concludes from this that the soul is a subsistent after the death of the body.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Reg: Aquinas was a Catholic theologian and philosopher – the Catholic Church (along with the Jews and the Orthodox) believes in hell – it would make sense that Aquinas would talk about it.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aquinas’ Summa, the Catholic Encyclopedia, and the 1st part of the new Catechism of the Catholic Church).
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

[45]

Philosophy

.The philosophy of Aquinas has exerted enormous influence on subsequent Christian theology, especially that of the Roman Catholic Church, extending to Western philosophy in general, where he stands as a vehicle and modifier of Aristotelianism, which he fused with the thought of Augustine.^ Following the lead of St. Thomas Aquinas, the Society for Aristotelian Studies fosters the living tradition of Aristotelian thought.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ His impact on Christianity was so immense that his writings are still at the core of Roman Catholic seminary education.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The language used to express knowledge of such generalities will have, as we shall emphasize, a long career in subsequent inquiries, both in natural philosophy and beyond.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Theologically, his most important and enduring work is the Summa Theologica, in which he expounds his systematic theology of the quinque viae.^ Read Summa Theologica–his masterwork and treatise on politics, ethics, theology, justice, and metaphysics–before you pronounce judgment about such a great philosopher.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas , «A Shorter Summa : The Most Essential Philosophical Passages of St. Thomas Aquinas' Summa theologica Edited and Explained for Beginners».

[46]

Commentaries on Aristotle

.Aquinas wrote several important commentaries on Aristotle, including On the Soul, Nicomachean Ethics and Metaphysics.^ Thomas Aquinas , «Commentary on Aristotle's De anima ».

^ Thomas Aquinas , «Commentary on the Metaphysics of Aristotle».

^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Commentary of St. Thomas Aquinas on Aristotle's Treatise On the Soul ».

.His work is associated with William of Moerbeke's translations of Aristotle from Greek into Latin.^ Thomas Aquinas; Aristotle , «Aristotle's De anima in the Version of William of Moerbeke and the Commentary of St. Thomas Aquinas».

^ Translated into English with Facing Latin Text, Introduction, Glossary, and Select Bibliography».

^ Thomas Aquinas , «Commentary on Aristotle's Posterior Analytics : A Translation of Aquinas's Commentary and of the Latin Text of Aristotle with Introduction and Supplementary Commentary».

Epistemology

.Aquinas believed "that for the knowledge of any truth whatsoever man needs divine help, that the intellect may be moved by God to its act."^ Aquinas says that the truth of the proposition God exists is knowable in itself, because the predicate is included in the essence of the subject.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If the demonstrations work, as Aquinas thinks they do, what other god would the Jew, Christians, and Muslims believe in?
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Still, it remains available to Aquinas to claim that while the knowledge of the essence of God is unknowable to philosophy, it is known to us by Revelation.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[47] However, he believed that human beings have the natural capacity to know many things without special divine revelation, even though such revelation occurs from time to time, "especially in regard to [topics of] faith."[48]

Revelation

.Aquinas believed that truth is known through reason (natural revelation) and faith (supernatural revelation).^ As a Catholic, Aquinas believed in faith and reason.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first purchase on natural things is via “physical object” or “natural thing.” The “order of demonstration” involves finding the properties of things as known through this general concept.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Theology, Faith and Reason: On Boethius On the Trinity, 1–2.” In Thomas Aquinas, Selected Writings, edited and translated with an introduction and notes by Ralph McInerny, 110–41.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Supernatural revelation has its origin in the inspiration of the Holy Spirit and is made available through the teaching of the prophets, summed up in Holy Scripture, and transmitted by the Magisterium, the sum of which is called "Tradition". Natural revelation is the truth available to all people through their human nature; certain truths all men can attain from correct human reasoning.^ Originally Posted by Lobohan Dawkins is using an arcane rhetorical device known to the illumaniti and other shadowy forces as "summing up".
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ People, people, more people, stupid gator fan that we all made fun of that left at halftime and an ecstatically drunken stupor when Lee led us to victory.
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We shall always be extremely proud of all our true and holy scriptures.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

.For example, he felt this applied to rational ways to know the existence of God.^ So strictly speaking it is true that Aquinas doesn't think one can demonstrate the existence of God in the Five Ways.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In this way God is approached negatively by denying things of Him rather than by directly knowing what God is.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This suffices to indicate the way in which the meaning of the term as applied to God involves negating features of its meaning as it applies to men.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Though one may deduce the existence of God and his Attributes (One, Truth, Good, Power, Knowledge) through reason, certain specifics may be known only through special revelation (such as the Trinity).^ Here, in knowing the essence of God we have an example of something that is known only through Revelation.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The existence of God CAN be disproven, for certain values of God.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the divine can only be known indirectly, through its effects.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In Aquinas' view, special revelation is equivalent to the revelation of God in Jesus Christ.^ Still, it remains available to Aquinas to claim that while the knowledge of the essence of God is unknowable to philosophy, it is known to us by Revelation.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas , «Jesus Christ, the Word Incarnate».

The major theological components of Christianity, such as the Trinity and the Incarnation, are revealed in the teachings of the Church and the Scriptures and may not otherwise be deduced.
.Supernatural revelation (faith) and natural revelation (reason) are complementary rather than contradictory in nature, for they pertain to the same unity: truth.^ Or rather they should be but for the polarized nature of all such things having to do with God’s existence.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is, I think, precisely the reason why Dawkins writes fake versions of the five proofs, rather than presenting the real ones.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rather they are all those who know it by faith in God's revelation.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

Ethics

.Aquinas's ethics are based on the concept of "first principles of action."^ In that sense it is a principle of a substance, ‘principle’ being a technical term that refers back to the first entry in Aristotle's philosophical lexicon in the Metaphysics , and Aquinas commentary on it, as well as Aquinas On the Principles of Nature .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[49] In his Summa Theologica, he wrote:
Virtue denotes a certain perfection of a power. .Now a thing's perfection is considered chiefly in regard to its end.^ Now it is impossible to go on to infinity in necessary things which have their necessity caused by another, as has been already proved in regard to efficient causes.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

But the end of power is act. Wherefore power is said to be perfect, according as it is determinate to its act.[50]
.Aquinas defined the four cardinal virtues as prudence, temperance, justice, and fortitude.^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Cardinal Virtues: Prudence, Justice, Fortitude, and Temperance: Translated and Edited with Introduction and Glossary».

^ Thomas Aquinas , «On the Cardinal Virtues».

^ The Cardinal Virtues: Aquinas, Albert, and Philip the Chancellor.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

The cardinal virtues are natural and revealed in nature, and they are binding on everyone. There are, however, three theological virtues: faith, hope, and charity. These are supernatural and are distinct from other virtues in their object, namely, God:
.Now the object of the theological virtues is God Himself, Who is the last end of all, as surpassing the knowledge of our reason.^ Therefore some intelligent being exists by whom all natural things are directed to their end; and this being we call God.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We come upon our first secure knowledge of God in the proof of the Prime Mover.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Now whatever lacks intelligence cannot move towards an end, unless it be directed by some being endowed with knowledge and intelligence; as the arrow is shot to its mark by the archer.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

.On the other hand, the object of the intellectual and moral virtues is something comprehensible to human reason.^ Moral virtues are habits of appetite brought about by the direction of reason.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A substance, on the other hand, is something that is both subsistent and complete in a nature—a nature being an intrinsic principle of movement and change in the subject.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Christian, on the other hand, will be well-disposed towards efforts to prove the immortality of the human soul and will accordingly approach descriptions of thinking as non-physical sympathetically.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

Wherefore the theological virtues are specifically distinct from the moral and intellectual virtues.[51]
.Furthermore, Aquinas distinguished four kinds of law: eternal, natural, human, and divine.^ One description of it is: the peculiarly human participation in the eternal law, in providence.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Aquinas' Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas , «Natural Law: Summa Theologica ».

Eternal law is the decree of God that governs all creation. .Natural law is the human "participation" in the eternal law and is discovered by reason.^ One description of it is: the peculiarly human participation in the eternal law, in providence.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A second description of natural law is: the first principles or starting points of practical reasoning.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For all natural things can be reduced to one principle which is nature; and all voluntary things can be reduced to one principle which is human reason, or will.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

[52] Natural law, of course, is based on "first principles":
. . . this is the first precept of the law, that good is to be done and promoted, and evil is to be avoided. .All other precepts of the natural law are based on this .^ By nature all men are equal in liberty, but not in other endowments.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Natural Law consists of this first judgment and other most general ones that are beyond contest.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He just inserts "God" as the Cause (with no support at all), then argues properties for God based on other reasons that do not flow out of First Cause and are not necessitated by the existence of a First Mover.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

. .[53]
.The desires to live and to procreate are counted by Aquinas among those basic (natural) human values on which all human values are based.^ So according to Aquinas, while it is true that the activities of intellect and will are not the actualities of any physical organs, they are nonetheless the activities of the living human animal.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ All creatures are ordered to an end, have natures whose fulfillment is what it is because of those natures.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For all natural things can be reduced to one principle which is nature; and all voluntary things can be reduced to one principle which is human reason, or will.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, Aquinas was vehemently opposed to non-procreative sexual activity; not only did this lead him to view masturbation, oral sex, and even coitus interruptus, as being worse than incest and rape, but also he condemned all sexual positions other than the missionary position, on the assumption that they made conception more difficult.^ Thomas will distinguish acts of a man from human acts, the former being activities truly found in human agents but also found in other non-human agents too.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Other DC's have done more with less talent than Arizona .
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All of this might lead one to think then that, not being a dualist, Aquinas must be a physicalist, there being only two broad possible positions.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[54][55][56]
Human law is positive law: the natural law applied by governments to societies. Divine law is the specially revealed law in the scriptures.
Aquinas also greatly influenced Catholic understandings of mortal and venial sins.
.Aquinas denied that human beings have any duty of charity to animals because they are not persons.^ Turds I hate, but that’s because I know so many and none of them are quality human beings.
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Otherwise, it would be unlawful to use them for food. .But this does not give us license to be cruel to them, for "cruel habits might carry over into our treatment of human beings."^ As for understanding our place in the cosmos, it does not matter what we believe, what matters is what is true and here religion always retreats into mumbo jumbo.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One might be tempted then to think that the intellectual principle of the human being is something distinct from the substantial form of the animal, since, as we have seen, thought or intellect does not employ a bodily organ.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It might be noted that when Thomas, following Aristotle, says that man is by nature a social or political animal, he does not mean that each of us has a tendency to enter into social contracts or the like.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[57]
Aquinas contributed to economic thought as an aspect of ethics and justice. He dealt with the concept of a just price, normally its market price or a regulated price sufficient to cover seller costs of production. He argued it was immoral for sellers to raise their prices simply because buyers were in pressing need for a product.[58][59]

Theology

17th century sculpture of Thomas Aquinas
.Aquinas viewed theology, or the sacred doctrine, as a science,[32] the raw material data of which consists of written scripture and the tradition of the Catholic Church.^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Aquinas Catechism: A Simple Explanation of the Catholic Faith by the Church's Greatest Theologian».

.These sources of data were produced by the self-revelation of God to individuals and groups of people throughout history.^ And if those who love God are in turn blessed with miracles and revelations, should they not also esteem these as important enough to pass on to a respectful posterity?
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Throughout history man has offered several proofs for God, some indeed were Mathematical (See Kurt Godel).
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God in his mercy makes these things known in revelation in order that perfect happiness may be attained.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Faith and reason, while distinct but related, are the two primary tools for processing the data of theology.^ Theology, Faith and Reason: On Boethius On the Trinity, 1–2.” In Thomas Aquinas, Selected Writings, edited and translated with an introduction and notes by Ralph McInerny, 110–41.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Thus reason is not an activity distinct from animal activity, and related to it as a kind of efficient cause interacting with the body.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Faith, Reason and Theology: Questions I–IV of his Commentary on the De Trinitate of Boethius.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Aquinas believed both were necessary — or, rather, that the confluence of both was necessary — for one to obtain true knowledge of God.^ Still, it remains available to Aquinas to claim that while the knowledge of the essence of God is unknowable to philosophy, it is known to us by Revelation.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And yet it remains true that while we know the fact, we do not know the why of the fact because the knowledge of God's essence remains unknown to us.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That is simply to deny Aquinas claim that the god Jews, Christians, and Muslims believe in can be known, but only partially by philosophical analysis.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Aquinas blended Greek philosophy and Christian doctrine by suggesting that rational thinking and the study of nature, like revelation, were valid ways to understand truths pertaining to God.^ Still, it remains available to Aquinas to claim that while the knowledge of the essence of God is unknowable to philosophy, it is known to us by Revelation.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For instance, Aquinas thinks that that anyone who knows the language will know the truth of a proposition like a whole consists of the sum of its parts .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Aquinas says that the truth of the proposition God exists is knowable in itself, because the predicate is included in the essence of the subject.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.According to Aquinas, God reveals himself through nature, so to study nature is to study God.^ Second, Aquinas does a horrible job refuting the arguments, offering mainly unsupported assertions on the nature of god.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For Thomas theological discourse begins with what God has revealed about Himself and His action in creating and redeeming the world, and the world is understood in that light.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This extension of names whose natural habitat is sensible things to God is another instance of analogous naming for Aquinas.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The ultimate goals of theology, in Aquinas’ mind, are to use reason to grasp the truth about God and to experience salvation through that truth.^ Aquinas is wrong when he asserts that the existence of God can be proven, and that His existence is necessary to explain anything about the physical world.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Theology, Faith and Reason: On Boethius On the Trinity, 1–2.” In Thomas Aquinas, Selected Writings, edited and translated with an introduction and notes by Ralph McInerny, 110–41.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Lord, in my zeal for the love of truth, let me not forget the truth about love” – St. Thomas Aquinas .
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

Nature of God

.Aquinas believed that the existence of God is neither obvious nor unprovable.^ That is simply to deny Aquinas claim that the god Jews, Christians, and Muslims believe in can be known, but only partially by philosophical analysis.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ So strictly speaking it is true that Aquinas doesn't think one can demonstrate the existence of God in the Five Ways.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If the demonstrations work, as Aquinas thinks they do, what other god would the Jew, Christians, and Muslims believe in?
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In the Summa Theologica, he considered in great detail five reasons for the existence of God.^ How does this refute my claim -- namely, that one can agree with Dawkins' view on God's existence while simultaneously being appalled at the reasoning that he employed?
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He just inserts "God" as the Cause (with no support at all), then argues properties for God based on other reasons that do not flow out of First Cause and are not necessitated by the existence of a First Mover.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Originally Posted by Thomas Aquinas I answer that, The existence of God can be proved in five ways.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

These are widely known as the quinque viae, or the "Five Ways."
Concerning the nature of God, Aquinas felt the best approach, commonly called the via negativa, is to consider what God is not. This led him to propose five statements about the divine qualities:
  1. God is simple, without composition of parts, such as body and soul, or matter and form.[60]
  2. God is perfect, lacking nothing. .That is, God is distinguished from other beings on account of God's complete actuality.^ A substance, on the other hand, is something that is both subsistent and complete in a nature—a nature being an intrinsic principle of movement and change in the subject.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Thomas will distinguish acts of a man from human acts, the former being activities truly found in human agents but also found in other non-human agents too.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    [61]
  3. God is infinite. .That is, God is not finite in the ways that created beings are physically, intellectually, and emotionally limited.^ The Ways are very sketchy, and don't even necessarily conclude to a single being, much less God or the Christian God.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    This infinity is to be distinguished from infinity of size and infinity of number.[62]
  4. God is immutable, incapable of change on the levels of God's essence and character.[63]
  5. God is one, without diversification within God's self. .The unity of God is such that God's essence is the same as God's existence.^ And here we have an argument for the fact that God's essence is his existence.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What of the claims that the essence of God is not just unknown to us, but unknowable to us, that the essence of God is His existence, and that He is ipsum esse subsistens ?
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If God's essence is His existence, and His essence remains in principle philosophically unknowable to us, how could it be demonstrated?
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .In Aquinas's words, "in itself the proposition 'God exists' is necessarily true, for in it subject and predicate are the same."^ Thomas Aquinas , «Whether God Exists?

    [64]
In this approach, he is following, among others, the Jewish philosopher Maimonides.[65]
Following St. Augustine of Hippo, Aquinas defines sin as "a word, deed, or desire, contrary to the eternal law."[66] In other words, anything that disobeys God's will is said to be a sin, and is synonymous with "evil" (privation of good, or privatio boni[67]).

Nature of the Trinity

.Aquinas argued that God, while perfectly united, also is perfectly described by Three Interrelated Persons.^ And Christians believe that God further discloses His essence as consisting of three divine persons who are one being.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.These three persons (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) are constituted by their relations within the essence of God.^ Father, Son and Holy Ghost (1a.

^ Why Did God the Son Become Man?” Life of the Spirit 1952: 245–47.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Father, Son and Holy Ghost: Latin Text, English Translation, Introduction, Notes, Appendices and Glossary».

The Father generates the Son (or the Word) by the relation of self-awareness. .This eternal generation then produces an eternal Spirit "who enjoys the divine nature as the Love of God, the Love of the Father for the Word."^ Colncerning # 11; that the Saints in heaven are PERMITTED to view the self-inflicted sufferings of those who deliberately choose to oppose God, the emphasis should be on the word “permitted”.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And if those who love God are in turn blessed with miracles and revelations, should they not also esteem these as important enough to pass on to a respectful posterity?
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ People use the word God to mean something that can’t be, such as an all-seeing, all-loving, all-powerful being.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

This Trinity exists independently from the world. .It transcends the created world, but the Trinity also decided to communicate God's self and God's goodness to human beings.^ He's asking, on behalf of atheists, "If there's a God who's all good, why is there evil in the world?"
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore there must also be something which is to all beings the cause of their being, goodness, and every other perfection; and this we call God.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

.This takes place through the Incarnation of the Word in the person of Jesus Christ and through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit (indeed, the very essence of the Trinity itself) within those who have experienced salvation by God.^ Colncerning # 11; that the Saints in heaven are PERMITTED to view the self-inflicted sufferings of those who deliberately choose to oppose God, the emphasis should be on the word “permitted”.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And if those who love God are in turn blessed with miracles and revelations, should they not also esteem these as important enough to pass on to a respectful posterity?
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas , «Jesus Christ, the Word Incarnate».

[68]

Nature of Jesus Christ

.In the Summa Theologica, Aquinas begins his discussion of Jesus Christ by recounting the biblical story of Adam and Eve and by describing the negative effects of original sin.^ One obvious point here is that Dawkins has never read Aquinas, namely the Summa Theologica.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas , « Summa theologica : With Engravings from Vita D. Thomae Aquinatis by Otto van Veen».

^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Summa theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas Literally Translated by the Fathers of the English Dominican Province».

The purpose of Christ's Incarnation was to restore human nature by removing "the contamination of sin", which humans cannot do by themselves. ."Divine Wisdom judged it fitting that God should become man, so that thus one and the same person would be able both to restore man and to offer satisfaction."^ I would argue vehemently that if there is a God, math is certainly one of the more logical ways to understand the nature of his work.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, if at one time nothing was in existence, it would have been impossible for anything to have begun to exist; and thus even now nothing would be in existence — which is absurd.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Why Did God the Son Become Man?” Life of the Spirit 1952: 245–47.
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

[69] Aquinas argued in favor of the satisfaction view of atonement; that is, that Jesus Christ died "to satisfy for the whole human race, which was sentenced to die on account of sin."[70]
Aquinas argued against several specific contemporary and historical theologians who held differing views about Christ. .In response to Photinus, Aquinas stated that Jesus was truly divine and not simply a human being.^ Thomas Aquinas , «On Searching into God: Being an Exposition of the De Trinitate of Boethius, Question 2: On the Making Manifest of the Divine Knowledge ».

.Against Nestorius, who suggested that Son of God was merely conjoined to the man Christ, Aquinas argued that the fullness of God was an integral part of Christ's existence.^ Aquinas is wrong when he asserts that the existence of God can be proven, and that His existence is necessary to explain anything about the physical world.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are EXACTLY two compelling arguments against the existence of the Christian God, and Aquinas wrestles with both.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Furthermore, even to assume the existence of a god is to assume further than the proofs; the proofs only suggest the existence of a first mover, first causer, and so on.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

However, countering Apollinaris' views, Aquinas held that Christ had a truly human (rational) soul, as well. This produced a duality of natures in Christ. Aquinas argued against Eutyches that this duality persisted after the Incarnation. .Aquinas stated that these two natures existed simultaneously yet distinguishably in one real human body, unlike the teachings of Manichaeus and Valentinus.^ If he presented the real ones, the reader would immediately see that Aquinas has answered Dawkin's complaints.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For all natural things can be reduced to one principle which is nature; and all voluntary things can be reduced to one principle which is human reason, or will.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It seems that God does not exist; because if one of two contraries be infinite, the other would be altogether destroyed.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

[71]
.In short, "Christ had a real body of the same nature of ours, a true rational soul, and, together with these, perfect Deity."^ We see that things which lack intelligence, such as natural bodies, act for an end, and this is evident from their acting always, or nearly always, in the same way, so as to obtain the best result.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It’s recruiting classes like the one were are putting together now that can turn a program around and as fans we need to do our parts to show these young men what it really is to walk into Doak on gameday.
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus, there is both unity (in his one hypostasis) and diversity (in his two natures, human and Divine) in Christ.^ There are EXACTLY two compelling arguments against the existence of the Christian God, and Aquinas wrestles with both.
  • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We have plenty of extra-biblical historians mentioning Christ (and not just one disputed of two comments by Josephus).
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^ I would argue vehemently that if there is a God, math is certainly one of the more logical ways to understand the nature of his work.
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[72]

Goal of human life

.In Aquinas's thought, the goal of human existence is union and eternal fellowship with God.^ How we Know One Simple God by Many Concepts” and “God as Goal of Human Living.” In Thomas Aquinas, Selected Philosophical Writings, selected and translated by Timothy McDermott, 230–40 and 315–41.
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Specifically, this goal is achieved through the beatific vision, an event in which a person experiences perfect, unending happiness by seeing the very essence of God. .This vision, which occurs after death, is a gift from God given to those who have experienced salvation and redemption through Christ while living on earth.^ And if those who love God are in turn blessed with miracles and revelations, should they not also esteem these as important enough to pass on to a respectful posterity?
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^ Colncerning # 11; that the Saints in heaven are PERMITTED to view the self-inflicted sufferings of those who deliberately choose to oppose God, the emphasis should be on the word “permitted”.
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This ultimate goal carries implications for one's present life on earth. .Aquinas stated that an individual's will must be ordered toward right things, such as charity, peace, and holiness.^ Thus Aquinas’ must be read as a poet philosopher and appreciated in such context.
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He sees this as the way to happiness. Aquinas orders his treatment of the moral life around the idea of happiness. The relationship between will and goal is antecedent in nature "because rectitude of the will consists in being duly ordered to the last end [that is, the beatific vision]." .Those who truly seek to understand and see God will necessarily love what God loves.^ Colncerning # 11; that the Saints in heaven are PERMITTED to view the self-inflicted sufferings of those who deliberately choose to oppose God, the emphasis should be on the word “permitted”.
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^ I love this quotes except #11 which makes me wonder, who permitted the saint to see the punishment of the damned in hell?
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^ And if those who love God are in turn blessed with miracles and revelations, should they not also esteem these as important enough to pass on to a respectful posterity?
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Such love requires morality and bears fruit in everyday human choices.[73]

Treatment of heretics

.Thomas Aquinas belonged to the Ordo Praedicatorum (commonly known as the Dominicans), whose primary goal is the peaceful conversion of the Albigensian heretics.^ Thomas Aquinas; et alii , «War and Peace».

^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Summa theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas Literally Translated by the Fathers of the English Dominican Province».

^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Summa theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas Literally Translated by the Fathers of the English Dominican Province: With Synoptical Charts».

In the Summa Theologica, he wrote:
.With regard to heretics two points must be observed: one, on their own side; the other, on the side of the Church.^ Harris has one side locked up though and with Reid on the other we should be pretty good and Joyner is not a drop off in talent.
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

On their own side there is the sin, whereby they deserve not only to be separated from the Church by excommunication, but also to be severed from the world by death. For it is a much graver matter to corrupt the faith which quickens the soul, than to forge money, which supports temporal life. .Wherefore if forgers of money and other evil-doers are forthwith condemned to death by the secular authority, much more reason is there for heretics, as soon as they are convicted of heresy, to be not only excommunicated but even put to death.^ But they can actually fit like 15000 more seats, temporary bleacher seats, there.
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unless the Admins were being total d!cks and letting the students vote on a color only to change it as soon as they picked one.
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


.
On the part of the Church, however, there is mercy which looks to the conversion of the wanderer, wherefore she condemns not at once, but "after the first and second admonition," as the Apostle directs: after that, if he is yet stubborn, the Church no longer hoping for his conversion, looks to the salvation of others, by excommunicating him and separating him from the Church, and furthermore delivers him to the secular tribunal...
^ There is no church or religion of atheism.
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^ However, there is no supernatural proof for anything because there is no supernatural.
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^ The Summa falls into three parts, of which Thomas subdivides the second into the first part of the second part (in Latin, prima [pars] secundae [partis] ) and the second part of the second part (in Latin, secunda secundae ).
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(Summa, II-II, Q.11, art.3.)
.Heresy was also against the secular law in most European countries of the 13th century, therefore Aquinas' suggestion must be understood in the context of the times (hence why he specifically demands that heretics be handed to a "secular tribunal" rather than magisterial authority).^ Pac-10 in total defense (only 315 yards per game) against the most sophisticated offenses of any league in the country.
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You said: “Why would you concern yourself with stories and myth rather than the amazing beauty of an intricate reality?
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^ It is not the “God of explanation” that we seek to show the world.” Why would you concern yourself with stories and myth rather than the amazing beauty of an intricate reality?
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Furthermore, the fact that Aquinas specifically says that heretics "deserve... death" should also be understood in a theological context, where all sinners do not deserve life .("For the wages of sin is death; but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord"[74]) but continue to live by the grace and mercy of God.^ The wish to use old texts to shape our life is understandable, from a psychological point of view; it gives one solace in the continuity of our thought.
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He elaborates on his opinion regarding heresy in the next article, when he says:
.In God's tribunal, those who return are always received, because God is a searcher of hearts, and knows those who return in sincerity.^ Those who need to know them have received them.
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^ Those of you who know me know that I am normally levelheaded except for those few hours 12 Saturdays a year in which I act in a completely inappropriate fashion (unless I am in a box).
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Colncerning # 11; that the Saints in heaven are PERMITTED to view the self-inflicted sufferings of those who deliberately choose to oppose God, the emphasis should be on the word “permitted”.
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.But the Church cannot imitate God in this, for she presumes that those who relapse after being once received, are not sincere in their return; hence she does not debar them from the way of salvation, but neither does she protect them from the sentence of death.^ Those who cannot or would rather not download the program can use it by way of the web .
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(Summa, op. cit., art.4.)

Modern influence

.Many modern ethicists both within and outside the Catholic Church (notably Philippa Foot and Alasdair MacIntyre) have recently commented on the possible use of Aquinas's virtue ethics as a way of avoiding utilitarianism or Kantian "sense of duty" (called deontology).^ By the way you can also use “x” which marks the current highlighted comment as read.
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thomas Aquinas , «Virtue: Way to Happiness: Translated with an Introduction».

^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Aquinas Catechism: A Simple Explanation of the Catholic Faith by the Church's Greatest Theologian».

.Through the work of twentieth century philosophers such as Elizabeth Anscombe (especially in her book Intention), Aquinas's principle of double effect specifically and his theory of intentional activity generally have been influential.^ Thus Aquinas’ must be read as a poet philosopher and appreciated in such context.
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^ In his Selected Writings of St. Thomas Aquinas: The Principles of Nature, On Being and Essence, On the Virtues in General, On Free Choice, 7–28.
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^ In his Selected Writings of St. Thomas Aquinas: The Principles of Nature, On Being and Essence, On the Virtues in General, On Free Choice.
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.It is remarkable that Aquinas's aesthetic theories, especially the concept of claritas, deeply influenced the literary practice of modernist writer James Joyce, who used to extol Aquinas as being second only to Aristotle among Western philosophers.^ Thomas Aquinas, being Catholic would use the following term: Fides et Ratio .
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^ McInerny, Ralph M. Aquinas against the Averroists: On There Being Only One Intellect.
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^ Thomas Aquinas , «Aquinas against the Averroists: On There Being Only One Intellect ».

.The influence of Aquinas's aesthetics also can be found in the works of the Italian semiotician Umberto Eco, who wrote an essay on aesthetic ideas in Aquinas (published in 1956 and republished in 1988 in a revised edition).^ Paul: North Central Publishing, 1948; revised, 1951; revised, 1956.
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^ See also Umberto Eco, The Aesthetics of Thomas Aquinas, translated by Hugh Bredin [Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1988].
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Intentionality

The pioneer of neurodynamics, cognitive neuroscientist Walter Freeman, considers the work of Aquinas important in remodeling intentionality, the directedness of the mind toward what it is aware of. 

Claims of levitation

For centuries there have been recurring claims that Aquinas had the ability to levitate. For example G. K. Chesterton wrote that, "His experiences included well-attested cases of levitation in ecstasy; and the Blessed Virgin appeared to him, comforting him with the welcome news that he would never be a Bishop."[75]

See also

Sources

Footnotes

  1. ^ Code of Canon Law, Can. 252, §3 [1]
  2. ^ a b c Schaff, p. p. 422.
  3. ^ Hampden, The Life, p. 14.
  4. ^ a b c d Stump, Aquinas, p. 3.
  5. ^ Davies, Aquinas: An Introduction, pp. 1-2
  6. ^ a b c Davies, Aquinas: An Introduction, p. 2
  7. ^ Hampden, The Life, pp. 21-22.
  8. ^ Grabmann, Martin. Virgil Michel, trans. Thomas Aquinas: His Personality and Thought. (Kessinger Publishing, 2006), pp. 2.
  9. ^ Collison, Diane, and Kathryn Plant. Fifty Major Philosophers. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 2006.
  10. ^ a b Hampden, The Life, p. 23.
  11. ^ Hampden, The Life, p. 24.
  12. ^ Hampden, The Life, p. 25.
  13. ^ Hampden, The Life, pp. 27-28.
  14. ^ a b Healy, Theologian, p. 2.
  15. ^ Hampden, The Life, p. 33.
  16. ^ Stump, Aquinas, p. xvi.
  17. ^ Davies, The Thought, p. 5.
  18. ^ Aquinas, Thomas; Richard J. Regan, Brian Davies (2003). On Evil. Oxford University Press US. p. 5. ISBN 0-1950-9183-3. 
  19. ^ a b Stump, Aquinas, p. 4.
  20. ^ Davies, Aquinas: An Introduction, pp. 3-4.
  21. ^ a b Stump, Aquinas, p. xvii.
  22. ^ a b Davies, Aquinas: An Introduction, p. 4.
  23. ^ a b Healy, Theologian, p. 4.
  24. ^ a b c d Davies, Aquinas: An Introduction, p. 5.
  25. ^ Stump, Aquinas, pp. 10-11.
  26. ^ a b Stump, Aquinas, p. 11.
  27. ^ Aquinas, Reader, pp. 9-11.
  28. ^ McInerney, Against the Averroists, p. 10.
  29. ^ Aquinas, Reader, p. 11.
  30. ^ Davies, The Thought, p. 9.
  31. ^ McBride, William Leon (1997). The Development and Meaning of Twentieth-century Existentialism. Taylor and Francis. p. 131. ISBN 0-8153-2491-X. 
  32. ^ a b McInerny, Ralph and John O'Callaghan, "Saint Thomas Aquinas", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2008 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.)
  33. ^ a b Healy, Theologian, p. 7.
  34. ^ a b Nichols, Discovering Aquinas, p. 18.
  35. ^ Hampden, The Life, p. 46.
  36. ^ a b Healy, Theologian, p. 8.
  37. ^ Aquinas, Reader, p. 12.
  38. ^ Hampden, The Life, p. 47.
  39. ^ Grant, Edward (1996). The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages: Their Religious, Institutional, and Intellectual Contexts. Cambridge University Press. pp. 81–82. ISBN 0-5215-6762-9. 
  40. ^ a b Kung, Christian Thinkers, p. 112.
  41. ^ "Parad. x. 99". Divinecomedy.org. http://www.divinecomedy.org/divine_comedy.php3?display?Enface?Paradiso?10???148?1???0??1?1. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  42. ^ "Purg. xx. 69". Divinecomedy.org. http://www.divinecomedy.org/divine_comedy.php3?display?Enface?Purgatorio?20???151?1???0??1?1. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  43. ^ "Aquinas, Thomas", Encyclopædia Britannica (1911), pg. 250.
  44. ^ Hampden, The Life, p. 54.
  45. ^ Liturgy of the Hours Volume III, Proper of Saints, 28 January.
  46. ^ Baird, Forrest E.; Walter Kaufmann (2008). From Plato to Derrida. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-1315-8591-6. 
  47. ^ "Blog Archive » Saint Thomas Aquinas". Saints.SQPN.com. 1974-10-22. http://saints.sqpn.com/saint-thomas-aquinas/. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  48. ^ "Summa, Q109a1". Ccel.org. http://www.ccel.org/a/aquinas/summa/FS/FS109.html#FSQ109A1THEP1. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  49. ^ Geisler, p. 727.
  50. ^ "Summa, Q55a1". Ccel.org. http://www.ccel.org/a/aquinas/summa/FS/FS055.html#FSQ55A1THEP1. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  51. ^ "Summa, Q62a2". Ccel.org. http://www.ccel.org/a/aquinas/summa/FS/FS062.html#FSQ62A2THEP1. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  52. ^ Pojman, Louis (1995). Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company. ISBN 0-5345-6138-1. 
  53. ^ "Summa, Q94a2". Ccel.org. http://www.ccel.org/a/aquinas/summa/FS/FS094.html#FSQ94A2THEP1. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  54. ^ Alan Soble, Sex from Plato to Paglia
  55. ^ Vern L. Bullough, Bonnie Bullough, Human Sexuality: An Encyclopedia
  56. ^ Daphne Hampson, After Christianity
  57. ^ Honderich, Ted, ed. (1995), "Animals: Peter Singer", The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford, pp. 35–36 
  58. ^ Summa Theologica, Questions 77 and 78
  59. ^ Barry Gordon (1987). "Aquinas, St Thomas (1225–1274)," v. 1, p. 100
  60. ^ Kreeft, pp. 74-77.
  61. ^ Kreeft, pp. 86-87.
  62. ^ Kreeft, pp. 97-99.
  63. ^ Kreeft, p. 105.
  64. ^ Kreeft, pp. 111-112.
  65. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia, Aquinas, Thomas
  66. ^ "Summa, II-I, Q.71, art.6". Newadvent.org. http://www.newadvent.org/summa/2071.htm#article6. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  67. ^ Summa, II-I, Q.75, art.1. "For evil is the absence of the good, which is natural and due to a thing."
  68. ^ Nichols, Aidan (2002). Discovering Aquinas. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Publishing Company. pp. 173–174. 
  69. ^ Aquinas, pp. 228-229.
  70. ^ "Summa, III, Q.50, art.1". Newadvent.org. http://www.newadvent.org/summa/4050.htm#article1. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  71. ^ Aquinas, pp. 231-239.
  72. ^ Aquinas, pp. 241, 245-249. Emphasis is the author's.
  73. ^ Kreeft, p. 383.
  74. ^ "Romans 6:23, ASV". Biblegateway.com. http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Romans%206:23&version=ASV. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  75. ^ G. K. Chesterton wrote an essay on Aquinas which appeared in The Spectator Feb. 27, 1932.

References

.
  • Aquinas, Thomas; Mary T. Clark (2000).^ Manchester, NH: Sophia Institute , 1993; revised under the title The Aquinas Prayer Book: The Prayers and Hymns of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Sophia Institute, 2000.
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    ^ E-texts of Chesterton’s Saint Thomas Aquinas: The Dumb Ox are available as html , plain text , a zipped file , and pdf .
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ E-text of the 1947 edition at www.josephkenny.joyeurs.com/CDtexts/Compendium.htm and www.op-stjoseph.org/Students/study/thomas/Compendium.htm .
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .An Aquinas Reader: Selections from the Writings of Thomas Aquinas.^ Thomas Aquinas , «Selected Writings».

    ^ Thomas Aquinas , «An Introduction to the Metaphysics of St. Thomas Aquinas: Texts Selected and Translated».

    ^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Pocket Aquinas: Selections from the Writings of St. Thomas: Edited, with Some Passages Newly Translated, and a General Introduction».

    Fordham University Press. ISBN 0-8232-2029-X. 
  • Aquinas, Thomas (2002). .Aquinas's Shorter Summa.^ Thomas Aquinas , «A Shorter Summa : The Most Essential Philosophical Passages of St. Thomas Aquinas' Summa theologica Edited and Explained for Beginners».

    ^ Thomas Aquinas , «Aquinas' Shorter Summa : St. Thomas Aquinas's Own Concise Version of His Summa theologica ».

    .Manchester, NH: Sophia Institute Press.^ (Sophia Institute Press, Manchester [New Hampshire], 1993) VI, 115 pp.

    ^ Sophia Institute Press, Manchester [New Hampshire], 1993) XVI, 412 pp.

    ^ Sophia Institute Press, Manchester [New Hampshire], 1990) XVII, 190 pp.

    ISBN 1-9288-3243-1.
     
  • Davies, Brian (2004). Aquinas: An Introduction. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8264-7095-5. 
  • Davies, Brian (1993). .The Thought of Thomas Aquinas.^ Following the lead of St. Thomas Aquinas, the Society for Aristotelian Studies fosters the living tradition of Aristotelian thought.
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Thomas Aquinas , «Thoughts from the Writings of Saint Thomas Aquinas».

    ^ Thomas Aquinas; Augustine, St. Medieval Thought: Augustine and Thomas Aquinas».

    .Oxford University Press.^ (World's Classics: Oxford University Press, Oxford - New York, 1993) XXXV, 452 pp.

    ^ Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Oxford University Press, Oxford - New York, 2004) 230-232.

    ISBN 0-1982-6753-3.
     
  • Geisler, Norman, ed. .(1999), Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics, Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic 
  • Gordon, Barry (1987 [2009]) .^ From Irenaeus to Grotius: A Sourcebook in Christian Political Thought 100-1625 (William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids [Michigan] - Cambridge, 1999) 320-361.

    ."Aquinas, St Thomas," The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, v.^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Pocket Aquinas: Selections from the Writings of St. Thomas: Edited, with Some Passages Newly Translated, and a General Introduction».

    ^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Summa theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas Literally Translated by the Fathers of the English Dominican Province».

    ^ A Translation of the Quaestio disputata de spiritualibus creaturis of St Thomas Aquinas, with Accompanying Notes.
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .1.
  • Hampden, Renn Dickson (1848), "The Life of Thomas Aquinas: A Dissertation of the Scholastic Philosophy of the Middle Ages", The Encyclopaedia Metropolitana, London: John J. Griffin & Co. 
  • Healy, Nicholas M. (2003).^ The Bread of Life, or, St. Thomas Aquinas on the Adorable Sacrament of the Altar, Arranged as Meditations, with Prayers and Thanksgivings for Holy Communion.
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
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    ^ Letter of Thomas Aquinas to Brother John on How to Study.
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    ^ The Letter of Thomas Aquinas to Brother John De modo studendi.
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    .Thomas Aquinas: Theologian of the Christian Life.^ The Bread of Life, or, St. Thomas Aquinas on the Adorable Sacrament of the Altar, Arranged as Meditations, with Prayers and Thanksgivings for Holy Communion.
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    ^ A Tale of Two Wonderworkers: St. Nicholas of Myra in the Writings and Life of St. Thomas Aquinas.” Angelicum 82 (2005): 19–53.
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    ^ The Homilies of S. Thomas Aquinas upon the Epistles and Gospels for the Sundays of the Christian Year, to Which Are Appended the Festival Homilies.
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

    Ashgate Publishing Ltd.. ISBN 0-7546-1472-7. 
  • Kreeft, Peter (1990). Summa of the Summa. Ignatius Press. ISBN 0-8987-0300-X. 
  • Kung, Hans (1994). Great Christian Thinkers. .New York: Continuum Books.^ (Appleton-Century Philosophy Source-Books: D. Appleton-Century - Crofts, New York - London, 1937) XLIV, 47 pp.

    ^ (Aquinas Scripture Commentaries, 2: Magi Books, Albany [New York], 1966) V, 313 pp.

    ^ (A Washington Square Press Book, 575: Washington Square Press, New York, 1960) XXVI, 372 pp.

    ISBN 0-8264-0848-6.
     
  • McInerny, Ralph M. (1993). .Aquinas Against the Averroists: On There Being Only One Intellect.^ Unless the Admins were being total d!cks and letting the students vote on a color only to change it as soon as they picked one.
    • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ McInerny, Ralph M. Aquinas against the Averroists: On There Being Only One Intellect.
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ On the Unity of the Intellect against the Averroists (De Unitate Intellectus Contra Averroistas).
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .Purdue University Press.^ (Purdue University Series in the History of Philosophy: Purdue University Press, West Lafayette, 1993) X, 222 pp.

    ^ West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 1993.
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ISBN 1557530297.
     
  • Nichols, Aidan (2003). .Discovering Aquinas: An Introduction to His Life, Work, and Influence.^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Religious State, the Episcopate, and the Priestly Office: A Translation of the Minor Work of the Saint On the Perfection of the Spiritual Life ».

    ^ Thomas Aquinas , «An Apology for the Religious Orders by Saint Thomas Aquinas: Being a Translation from the Latin of Two of the Minor Works of the Saint: Edited with Introduction».

    Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 0802805140.
     
  • Schaff, Philip (1953). ."Thomas Aquinas". The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge.^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Religious State, the Episcopate, and the Priestly Office: A Translation of the Minor Work of the Saint On the Perfection of the Spiritual Life ».

    ^ Thomas Aquinas , «On Searching into God: Being an Exposition of the De Trinitate of Boethius, Question 2: On the Making Manifest of the Divine Knowledge ».

    ^ Thomas Aquinas , «Knowledge, Faith and the Soul: Is the World Good?».

    Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House. pp. 422–423.
     
  • Stump, Eleonore (2003). Aquinas. Routledge. ISBN 0415029600. 

Further reading

  • A discussion of Aquinas on BBC Radio 4's In Our Time series 2009
  • Copleston, Frederick (1991). .Aquinas: An Introduction to the Life and Work of the Great Medieval Thinker.^ Thomas Aquinas , «An Apology for the Religious Orders by Saint Thomas Aquinas: Being a Translation from the Latin of Two of the Minor Works of the Saint: Edited with Introduction».

    ^ Thomas Aquinas , «The Religious State, the Episcopate, and the Priestly Office: A Translation of the Minor Work of the Saint On the Perfection of the Spiritual Life ».

    Penguin Books. ISBN 0-1401-3674-6.
     
  • Faitanin, Paulo (2008). A Sabedoria do Amor: iniciação à filosofia de Santo Tomás de Aquino. Instituto Aquinate. 
  • Faitanin, Paulo (2008). O Ofício do Sábio: o modo de estudar e ensinar segundo Santo Tomás de Aquino. Instituto Aquinate. 
  • Paterson, Craig & Matthew S. Pugh (eds.), Analytical Thomism: Traditions in Dialogue. Ashgate, 2006. Introduction to Thomism

External links

By Aquinas


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

All that I have written seems like straw to me.
.Saint Thomas Aquinas (c.^ Thomas Aquinas , «Introduction to Saint Thomas Aquinas».

^ Thomas Aquinas , « Devoutly I Adore Thee : The Prayers and Hymns of Saint Thomas Aquinas».

^ Errata * for Thomas Aquinas, Saint : ——————————— Login or register to access the errata and other advanced features.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

.12257 March 1274) was an Italian Catholic philosopher and theologian in the scholastic tradition, known as Doctor Angelicus, Doctor Universalis.^ Thomas Aquinas , Saint, philosopher, theologian, doctor of the Church ( Angelicus Doctor ), patron of Catholic universities, colleges, and schools, b.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reg: Aquinas was a Catholic theologian and philosopher – the Catholic Church (along with the Jews and the Orthodox) believes in hell – it would make sense that Aquinas would talk about it.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Philosopher, theologian, doctor of the Church, patron of Catholic universities, colleges, and schools, b.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

He is the most famous classical proponent of natural theology. .He gave birth to the Thomistic school of thought (Thomism), which has long been the primary philosophical and theological approach of the Catholic Church.^ Reg: Aquinas was a Catholic theologian and philosopher – the Catholic Church (along with the Jews and the Orthodox) believes in hell – it would make sense that Aquinas would talk about it.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Its not exactly great to look at it this way but the catholic church is also widely responsible for AIDs, through its stance on birth control.” .
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Philosopher, theologian, doctor of the Church, patron of Catholic universities, colleges, and schools, b.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

Sourced

Lo! o'er ancient forms departing,
.Newer rites of grace prevail;
Faith for all defects supplying,
Where the feeble senses fail.
  • Pange, lingua, gloriosi
    Corporis mysterium
    Sanguinisque pretiosi,
    Quem in mundi pretium
    Fructus ventris generosi
    Rex effudit gentium.
    • Translation: Sing, my tongue, the Savior's glory,
      Of His Flesh the mystery sing;
      Of the Blood, all price exceeding,
      Shed by our immortal King.
    • Pange, Lingua (hymn for Vespers on the Feast of Corpus Christi), stanza 1
  • Down in adoration falling,
    Lo!^ Caswall, "Lyra Catholica", London, 1840; Guéranger, "The Liturgical Year; Feast of Corpus Christi").
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    the sacred Host we hail;
    Lo! o'er ancient forms departing,
    Newer rites of grace prevail;
    Faith for all defects supplying,
    Where the feeble senses fail. .
    • Pange, Lingua, stanza 5 (Tantum Ergo)
  • Thus Angels' Bread is made
    The Bread of man today:
    The Living Bread from Heaven
    With figures doth away:
    O wondrous gift indeed!^ Here we find the well-known hymns, "Sacris Solemniis", "Pange Lingua" (concluding in the "Tantum Ergo"), "Verbum Supernum" (concluding with the "O Salutaris Hostia"), and, in the Mass, the beautiful sequence "Lauda Sion".
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]


    The poor and lowly may
    Upon their Lord and Master feed.
    • Sacris Solemniis Juncta Sint Gaudia (Matins hymn for Corpus Christi), stanza 6 (Panis Angelicus)
  • O saving Victim, opening wide
    The gate of heaven to man below,
    Our foes press on from every side,
    Thine aid supply, Thy strength bestow. .
    • Verbum Supernum Prodiens (hymn for Lauds on Corpus Christi), stanza 5 (O Salutaris Hostia)
  • I answer that, It was necessary for woman to be made, as the Scripture says, as a "helper" to man; not, indeed, as a helpmate in other works, as some say, since man can be more efficiently helped by another man in other works; but as a helper in the work of generation.^ I answer that, It was necessary for man's salvation that there should be a knowledge revealed by God, besides philosophical science built up by human reason.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Sure Gonzales is good… just saying… from a general standpoint, losing an OL coach could be more devastating than losing a WR coach.
    • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Richard Dawkins and others have killed thousands of trees and published a host of books, but ultimately, they have nothing more to say than: .
    • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

    .This can be made clear if we observe the mode of generation carried out in various living things.^ The philosophical vocabulary arises out of analysis of what is most obvious to us and is then progressively extended to more and more things insofar as the later is made known by appeal to the prior.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Some living things do not possess in themselves the power of generation, but are generated by some other specific agent, such as some plants and animals by the influence of the heavenly bodies, from some fitting matter and not from seed: others possess the active and passive generative power together; as we see in plants which are generated from seed; for the noblest vital function in plants is generation.^ Take, for instance, the following: "In the same plant there is the two-fold virtue, active and passive, though sometimes the active is found in one and the passive in another, so that one plant is said to be masculine and the other feminine" (3 Sent., D. III, Q. ii, 1.—For other examples see Conway, O.P., op.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When the discussion moves on from what may be said of all physical objects as such to an inquiry into living physical things, the analyses build upon those already completed.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Some believers reflect on these truths and see other truths implied by them, spell out their interrelations and defend them against the accusation of being nonsense.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Wherefore we observe that in these the active power of generation invariably accompanies the passive power. .Among perfect animals the active power of generation belongs to the male sex, and the passive power to the female.^ The terms then function as generic for any male or female.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .And as among animals there is a vital operation nobler than generation, to which their life is principally directed; therefore the male sex is not found in continual union with the female in perfect animals, but only at the time of coition; so that we may consider that by this means the male and female are one, as in plants they are always united; although in some cases one of them preponderates, and in some the other.^ The terms then function as generic for any male or female.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Take, for instance, the following: "In the same plant there is the two-fold virtue, active and passive, though sometimes the active is found in one and the passive in another, so that one plant is said to be masculine and the other feminine" (3 Sent., D. III, Q. ii, 1.—For other examples see Conway, O.P., op.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The practical use of the mind has as its object the guidance of some activity other than thinking—choosing in the case of moral action, some product in the case of art.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    But man is yet further ordered to a still nobler vital action, and that is intellectual operation. .Therefore there was greater reason for the distinction of these two forces in man; so that the female should be produced separately from the male; although they are carnally united for generation.^ Therefore, it is useful that, besides philosophical science, there should be other knowledge, i.e., inspired of God.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I answer that, It was necessary for man's salvation that there should be a knowledge revealed by God, besides philosophical science built up by human reason.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Hence it was necessary for the salvation of man that certain truths which exceed human reason should be made known to him by Divine Revelation.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Therefore directly after the formation of woman, it was said: "And they shall be two in one flesh" (Gn.^ Of all old editions they consider the most accurate two published at Padua, one in 1698, the other in 1712, and the Venice edition of 1755.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    2:24). .
    • The Summa Theologica (1273), Whether the woman should have been made in the first production of things
  • Law: an ordinance of reason for the common good, made by him who has care of the community.^ Hence it was necessary for the salvation of man that certain truths which exceed human reason should be made known to him by Divine Revelation.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A second description of natural law is: the first principles or starting points of practical reasoning.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Europe, and that, after the invention of printing, copies were multiplied rapidly in Germany, Italy, and France, portions of the "Summa theologica" being one of the first important works printed.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • The Summa Theologica (1273)
  • Concerning perfect blessedness which consists in a vision of God.^ God and the Order of Creation: Summa theologica , Part 1».

    .
    • The Summa Theologica (1273)
  • Three things are necessary for the salvation of man: to know what he ought to believe; to know what he ought to desire; and to know what he ought to do.^ Three things are necessary for the salvation of man: to know what he ought to believe; to know what he ought to desire; and to know what he ought to do.
    • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I answer that, It was necessary for man's salvation that there should be a knowledge revealed by God, besides philosophical science built up by human reason.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Hence it was necessary for the salvation of man that certain truths which exceed human reason should be made known to him by Divine Revelation.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Two Precepts of Charity (1273)
  • Reason in man is rather like God in the world.
    • Opuscule II, De Regno
  • As regards the individual nature, woman is defective and misbegotten, for the active power of the male seed tends to the production of a perfect likeness in the masculine sex; while the production of a woman comes from defect in the active power.^ First, indeed, because man is ordained to God, as to an end that surpasses the grasp of his reason.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I answer that, It was necessary for man's salvation that there should be a knowledge revealed by God, besides philosophical science built up by human reason.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The philosopher considers what belongs to their proper natures, while the believer considers only what is true of creatures insofar as they are related to God, for example, that they are created by God and are subject to him, and the like.” ( Summa contra gentiles, bk II, chap.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    • Summa Theologica,Q92, art. 1, Reply Obj. 1
  • If... the motion of the earth were circular, it would be violent and contrary to nature, and could not be eternal, since ... nothing violent is eternal .... It follows, therefore, that the earth is not moved with a circular motion. .
    • Commentaria in libros Aristotelis de caelo et mundo
  • All that I have written seems like straw to me.
    • As quoted in The Thought of Thomas Aquinas (1993), by Brian Davies, p.^ Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas .
      • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Sententia de caelo et mundo .
      • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
      • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

      ^ A Translation of the Quaestio disputata de spiritualibus creaturis of St Thomas Aquinas, with Accompanying Notes.
      • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
      • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

      9

Attributed

.
  • Abuse does not rule out use.
  • Beware the man of one book.
  • Man cannot live without joy; therefore when he is deprived of true spiritual joys it is necessary that he become addicted to carnal pleasures.
  • Music is the exaltation of the mind derived from things eternal, bursting forth in sound.
  • One cannot use an evil action with reference to a good intention.
  • Sorrow can be alleviated by good sleep, a bath and a glass of wine.
  • Sure, for all our blindness; secure, for all our helplessness; strong, for all our weakness; gaily in love, for all the pressures on our hearts.
  • The most hopeful people in the world are the young and the drunk.^ A man becomes musical.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Problem of Evil” is one good example.
    • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A not-musical man becomes musical.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .The first because they have little experience of failure, and the second because they have succeeded in drowning theirs.
  • The reason, however, why the philosopher may be likened to the poet is this: both are concerned with the marvellous.
  • If forgers and malefactors are put to death by the secular power, there is much more reason for excommunicating and even putting to death one convicted of heresy.^ I answer that, It was necessary for man's salvation that there should be a knowledge revealed by God, besides philosophical science built up by human reason.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But they can actually fit like 15000 more seats, temporary bleacher seats, there.
    • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ We answer that if there is no substance other than those which are formed by nature, natural science will be the first science; but if there is an immovable substance, the science of this must be prior and must be first philosophy, and universal in this way, because it is first.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Summa Theologica
  • Even as in the blessed in heaven there will be most perfect charity, so in the damned there will be the most perfect hate.^ Had this appointment been accepted, most probably the "Summa theologica" would not have been written.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    Wherefore as the saints will rejoice in all goods, so will the damned grieve for all goods. Consequently the sight of the happiness of the saints will give them very great pain; hence it is written (Isaiah 26:11): "Let the envious people see and be confounded, and let fire devour Thy enemies." .Therefore they will wish all the good were damned.^ Nearly all good spiritual writers seek in St. Thomas definitions of the virtues which they recommend.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Therefore there must also be something which is to all beings the cause of their being, goodness, and every other perfection; and this we call God.
    • The Lies of Richard Dawkins, Episode 6: Saint Thomas Aquinas - Straight Dope Message Board 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ After all, human agents differ insofar as they have different notions of what goodness is.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    • Summa Theologica, Supplement, Q98, Article 4
  • Better to illuminate than merely to shine; to deliver to others contemplated truths than merely to contemplate.

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.Philosopher, theologian, doctor of the Church (Angelicus Doctor), patron of Catholic universities, colleges, and schools.^ He was the patron saint of all universities, colleges, and schools.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas Parish 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC sai.cup.edu [Source type: News]

^ He is considered by the Catholic Church to be its greatest theologian and one of the Doctors of the Church.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.domlife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Philosopher, theologian, doctor of the Church, patron of Catholic universities, colleges, and schools, b.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

Born at Rocca Secca in the Kingdom of Naples, 1225 or 1227; died at Fossa Nuova, 7 March, 1274.
I. LIFE
.The great outlines and all the important events of his life are known, but biographers differ as to some details and dates.^ The great outlines and all the important events of his life are known, but biographers differ as to some details and dates.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Research COPAC UK: St. Thomas Aquinas Library of Canada: St. Thomas Aquinas Library of Congress: St. Thomas Aquinas Other Library Catalogs: St. Thomas Aquinas Biographical The great outlines and all the important events of his life are known, but biographers differ as to some details and dates.
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This has some of the same problems as the previous version -- in particular, it is not at all clear that every event has a cause (the example of radioactive decay applies here also).
  • Aquinas: Cosmological and Teleological Arguments 11 September 2009 0:20 UTC www.trinity.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Death prevented Henry Denifle from executing his project of writing a critical life of the saint.^ Death prevented Henry Denifle from executing his project of writing a critical life of the saint.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Death prevented Henry Denifle from executing his project of writing a critical life of the saint .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This became Saint Thomas' life; praying, preaching, teaching, writing, and journeying.
  • Domestic-Church.Com: Saint Profile: Saint Thomas Aquina 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.domestic-church.com [Source type: Original source]

Denifle's friend and pupil, Dominic Prümmer, O.P., professor of theology in the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, took up the work and published the "Fontes Vitae S. Thomae Aquinatis, notis historicis et criticis illustrati"; and the first fascicle (Toulouse, 1911) has appeared, giving the life of St. Thomas by Peter Calo (1300) now published for the first time. From Tolomeo of Lucca . . . we learn that at the time of the saint's death there was a doubt about his exact age (Prümmer, op. cit., 45). .The end of 1225 is usually assigned as the time of his birth.^ The end of 1225 is usually assigned as the time of his birth.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Man of Holiness, Thomas Aquinas Man of head and heart, Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.igroops.com [Source type: Original source]

.Father Prümmer, on the authority of Calo, thinks 1227 is the more probable date (op.^ Father Prümmer, on the authority of Calo, thinks 1227 is the more probable date (op.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Father Prmmer, on the authority of Calo, thinks 1227 is the more probable date (op.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Father Prummer, on the authority of Calo, thinks 1227 is the more probable date (op.
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

cit., 28). All agree that he died in 1274.
.Landulph, his father, was Count of Aquino; Theodora, his mother, Countess of Teano.^ Landulph, his father, was Count of Aquino; Theodora, his mother, Countess of Teano.
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Landulph, his father, was Count of Aquino, Theodora, his mother, Countess of Teano.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ His father, Landulph, was Count of Aquino, and Lord of Loretto and Belcastro; his mother Theodora was daughter to the Count of Theate.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.marypages.com [Source type: Original source]

.His family was related to the Emperors Henry VI and Frederick II, and to the Kings of Aragon, Castile, and France.^ Thomas Aquinas was a noble one, his parents, the Count of Aquino and Countess of Teano, were related to Emperors Henry VI and Frederick II, as well as to the Kings of Aragon, Castile, and France.
  • Thomas Aquinas - Factbites 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.factbites.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The family was heavily involved in a squabble between the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and the Papacy, and in 1229 young Thomas' father and his elder brothers were involved in the plunder of the papal stronghold at Monte Cassino.
  • St Thomas Aquinas meets Chaos Theory 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC freespace.virgin.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mother of Thomas was Theodora, Countess of Teano, and his family was related to the Emperors Henry VI and Frederick II, and to the Kings of France, Aragon, and Castile.
  • A Brief Life of St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.stac.vic.edu.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Calo relates that a holy hermit foretold his career, saying to Theodora before his birth: "He will enter the Order of Friars Preachers, and so great will be his learning and sanctity that in his day no one will be found to equal him" (Prümmer, op.^ Calo relates that a holy hermit foretold his career, saying to Theodora before his birth: "He will enter the Order of Friars Preachers, and so great will be his learning and sanctity that in his day no one will be found to equal him" (Prümmer, op.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He will enter the Order of Friars Preachers, and so great will be his learning and sanctity that in his day no one will be found to equal him.” .
  • St. Thomas Aquinas: A brief history, January 2002 - Transitions 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.stthomasu.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Calo relates that a holy hermit foretold his career, saying to Theodora before his birth: "He will enter the Order of Friars Preachers, and so great will be his learning and sanctity that in his day no one will be found to equal him" (Prmmer, op.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

cit., 18). .At the age of five, according to the custom of the times, he was sent to receive his first training from the Benedictine monks of Monte Cassino.^ At age five, he was presented as an oblate to the monastery of Monte Cassino.

^ At the age of five, according to the custom of the times, he was sent to receive his first training from the Benedictine monks of Monte Cassino.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ At the age of five, according to the custom of the times, he was sent to .
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

Diligent in study, he was thus early noted as being meditative and devoted to prayer, and his preceptor was surprised at hearing the child ask frequently: "What is God?"
.About the year 1236 he was sent to the University of Naples.^ About the year 1226 he was sent to the University of Naples.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ About the year 1236 he was sent to the University of Naples .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ About the year 1236 he was sent to the University of Naples.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Calo says that the change was made at the instance of the Abbot of Monte Cassino, who wrote to Thomas's father that a boy of such talents should not be left in obscurity (Prümmcr, op.^ Calo says that the change was made at the instance of the Abbot of Monte Cassino, who wrote to Thomas's father that a boy of such talents should not be left in obscurity (Prummcr, op.
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Calo says that the change was made at the instance of the Abbot of Monte Cassino, who wrote to Thomas's father that a boy of such talents should not be left in obscurity (Prümmer, op.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Calo says that the change was made at the instance of the Abbot of Monte Cassino, who wrote to Thomas's father that a boy of such talents should not be left in obscurity (Prmmcr, op.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

cit., 20). .At Naples his preceptors were Pietro Martini and Petrus Hibernus.^ At Naples his preceptors were Pietro Martini and Petrus Hibernus.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The chronicler says that he soon surpassed Martini at grammar, and he was then given over to Peter of Ireland, who trained him in logic and the natural sciences.^ The chronicler says that he soon surpassed Martini at grammar, and he was then given over to Peter of Ireland, who trained him in logic and the natural sciences.
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The chronicler says that he soon surpassed Martini in grammar, and he was then given over to Peter of Ireland, who trained him in logic and the natural sciences.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The chronicler says that he soon surpassed Martini a grammar, and he was then given over to Peter of Ireland, who trained him in logic and the natural sciences.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The customs of the times divided the liberal arts into two courses: the Trivium, embracing grammar, logic, and rhetoric; the Quadrivium, comprising music, mathematics, geometry, and astronomy .^ The customs of the times divided the liberal arts into two courses: the Trivium, embracing grammar, logic, and rhetoric; the Quadrivium, comprising music, mathematics, geometry, and astronomy (see Seven Liberal Arts ).
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There, and later at the university of Naples, he was taught the 'liberal arts' - the Trivium; grammar, logic and rhetoric, and the Quadrium; music, mathematics, geometry and astronomy.
  • Domestic-Church.Com: Saint Profile: Saint Thomas Aquina 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.domestic-church.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The arts of the trivium (grammar, rhetoric, logic) and those of the quadrivium (arithmetic, geometry, music and astronomy) were fragments preserved against the ruinous loss of classical knowledge.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

. . . .Thomas could repeat the lessons with more depth and lucidity than his masters displayed.^ Thomas could repeat the lessons with more depth and lucidity than his masters displayed.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He soon surpassed his instructors there and could repeat all that he learned with more depth and lucidity than his masters.
  • Domestic-Church.Com: Saint Profile: Saint Thomas Aquina 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.domestic-church.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Or put otherwise, more than any other thinker St. Thomas has succeeded in seeing, expressing, and applying the basic principles of theology and philosophy.
  • :: Christendom College :: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.christendom.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The youth's heart had remained pure amidst the corruption with which he was surrounded, and he resolved to embrace the religious life.^ The youth's heart had remained pure amidst the corruption with which he was surrounded, and he resolved to embrace the religious life.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The youth's heart had remained pure amidst the corruption with which he was surrounded, and he resolved to embrace the religious life .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Aquinas displayed remarkable acumen in his early education and, to the dismay of his parents, resolved to embrace the religious life.
  • Thomas Aquinas - Factbites 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.factbites.com [Source type: Original source]

Some time between 1240 and August, 1243, he received the habit of the Order of St. Dominic, being attracted and directed by John of St. Julian, a noted preacher of the convent of Naples. .The city wondered that such a noble young man should don the garb of poor friar.^ The city wondered that such a noble young man should don the garb of poor friar.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The city wondered that such a noble young man should don the garb of poor friar .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The city wondered that such a noble young man should don the garb of a poor friar.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

.His mother, with mingled feelings of joy and sorrow, hastened to Naples to see her son.^ His mother, with mingled feelings of joy and sorrow, hastened to Naples to see her son.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ His mother hurried to Naples to consult with her son, and the Dominicans sent him to Rome, on the way to Paris or Cologne.
  • Domestic-Church.Com: Saint Profile: Saint Thomas Aquina 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.domestic-church.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Dominicans, fearing she would take him away, sent him to Rome, his ultimate destination being Paris or Cologne.^ The Dominicans , fearing she would take him away, sent him to Rome , his ultimate destination being Paris or Cologne .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Dominicans, fearing she would take him away, sent him to Rome, his ultimate destination being Paris or Cologne.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ His mother hurried to Naples to consult with her son, and the Dominicans sent him to Rome, on the way to Paris or Cologne.
  • Domestic-Church.Com: Saint Profile: Saint Thomas Aquina 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.domestic-church.com [Source type: Original source]

.At the instance of Theodora, Thomas's brothers, who were soldiers under the Emperor Frederick, captured the novice near the town of Aquapendente and confined him in the fortress of San Giovanni at Rocca Secca.^ Rocca Secca (near Naples).
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Saint Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Facts from the Encyclopedia - Yahoo! Education 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC education.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.orbilat.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Atthe instance of Theodora, Thomas's brothers, who were soldiers under the Emperor Frederick, captured the novice near the town of Aquapendente, and confined him in the fortress of San Giovanni at Rocca Secca.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rocca Secca near Aquino, Italy.

.Here he was detained nearly two years, his parents, brothers, and sisters endeavouring by various means to destroy his vocation.^ Here he was detained nearly two years, his parents, brothers, and Sisters endeavouring by various means to destroy his vocation.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Soon after this he was kidnapped and detained for nearly two years by his own brothers.
  • Thomas Aquinas - the angelic doctor 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.pantheism.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Here he was detained nearly two years, his parents , brothers, and sisters endeavouring by various means to destroy his vocation .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.The brothers even laid snares for his virtue, but the pure-minded novice drove the temptress from his room with a brand which he snatched from the fire.^ The brothers even laid snares for his virtue, but the pure-minded novice drove the temptress from his room with a brand which he snatched from the fire.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ His brothers even tried to damage his virtue, but Thomas drove the temptress out of his room with a burning branch he snatched from the fire.
  • Domestic-Church.Com: Saint Profile: Saint Thomas Aquina 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.domestic-church.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The brothers even laid snares for his virtue , but the pure-minded novice drove the temptress from his room with a brand which he snatched from the fire.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

Towards the end of his life, St. Thomas confided to his faithful friend and companion, Reginald of Piperno, the secret of a remarkable favour received at this time. .When the temptress had been driven from his chamber, he knelt and most earnestly implored God to grant him integrity of mind and body.^ When the temptress had been driven from his chamber, he knelt and most earnestly implored God to grant him integrity of mind and body.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The saint, alarmed and affrighted at the danger, profoundly humbled himself, and cried out to God most earnestly for his protection; then snatching up a firebrand, struck her with it, and drove her out of his chamber.
  • CIN - ST THOMAS OF AQUINO, DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH AND CONFESSOR 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.cin.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas seized a burning brand from the hearth and drove her out, then knelt and implored God to grant him the gift of perpetual chastity.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.marys-touch.com [Source type: Original source]

.He fell into a gentle sleep, and, as he slept, two angels appeared to assure him that his prayer had been heard.^ He fell into a gentle sleep, and, as he slept, two angels appeared to assure him that his prayer had been heard.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Early bios state that he was visited by two angels, who girded him around the waist with a cord so tight that it waked him.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC latter-rain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His early biographers write that he at once fell into a deep sleep, during which he was visited by two angels, who girded him around the waist with a cord so tight that it waked him.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.marys-touch.com [Source type: Original source]

They then girded him about with a white girdle, saying: "We gird thee with the girdle of perpetual virginity." And from that day forward he never experienced the slightest motions of concupiscence.
.The time spent in captivity was not lost.^ The time spent in captivity was not lost.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.His mother relented somewhat, after the first burst of anger and grief; the Dominicans were allowed to provide him with new habits, and through the kind offices of his sister he procured some books -- the Holy Scriptures, Aristotle's Metaphysics, and the "Sentences" of Peter Lombard.^ In his Commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard (book 2, dist.
  • The Elfin Ethicist: Thomas Aquinas on the right to resist 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.shadowcouncil.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His mother relented somewhat, after the first burst of anger and grief; the Dominicans were allowed to provide him with new habits, and through the kind offices of his sister he procured some booksthe Holy Scriptures, Aristotle's Metaphysics, and the "Sentences" of Peter Lombard.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some time after, his sisters conveyed to him some books, viz.
  • CIN - ST THOMAS OF AQUINO, DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH AND CONFESSOR 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.cin.org [Source type: Original source]

.After eighteen months or two years spent in prison, either because his mother saw that the hermit's prophecy would eventually be fulfilled or because his brothers feared the threats of Innocent IV and Frederick II, he was set at liberty, being lowered in a basket into the arms of the Dominicans, who were delighted to find that during his captivity "he had made as much progress as if he had been in a studium generale" (Calo, op.^ After eighteen months or two years spent in prison, either because his mother saw that the hermit's prophecy would eventually be fulfilled or because his brothers feared the threats of Innocent IV and Frederick II, he was set at liberty, being lowered in a basket into the arms of the Dominicans, who were delighted to find that during his captivity "he had made as much progress as if he had been in a studium generate" (Cato, op.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After eighteen months or two years spent in prison, either because his mother saw that the hermit's prophecy would eventually be fulfilled or because his brothers feared the threats of Innocent IV and Frederick II, he was set at liberty, being lowered in a basket into the arms of the Dominicans, who were delighted to find that during his captivity "he had made as much progress as if he had been in a studium generale " (Calo, op.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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^ After eighteen months or two years spent in prison, either because his mother saw that the hermit's prophecy would eventually be fulfilled or because his brothers feared the threats of Innocent IV and Frederick II, he was set at liberty, being lowered in a basket into the arms of the Dominicans, who were delighted to find that during his captivity "he had made as much progress as if he had been in a studium generale" (Calo, op.
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cit., 24).
.Thomas immediately pronounced his vows, and his superiors sent him to Rome.^ Thomas immediately pronounced his vows, and his superiors sent him to Rome.
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^ Thomas immediately pronounced his vows , and his superiors sent him to Rome .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When his mother set out for Naples in order to retrieve Brother Thomas from the clutches of the Dominicans, the friars sent him to Rome, but Thomas was captured by his brothers, soldiers in the Imperial Army.
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.Innocent IV examined closely into his motives in joining the Friars Preachers, dismissed him with a blessing, and forbade any further interference with his vocation.^ Innocent IV examined closely into his motives in joining the Friars Preachers, dismissed him with a blessing, and forbade any further interference with his vocation.
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^ Innocent IV examined closely into his motives in joining the Friars Preachers , dismissed him with a blessing , and forbade any further interference with his vocation .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During this time, Aquinas threw himself into the controversy between the university and the Friar-Preachers about the liberty of teaching.

.John the Teutonic, fourth master general of the order, took the young student to Paris and, according to the majority of the saint's biographers, to Cologne, where he arrived in 1244 or 1245, and was placed under Albertus Magnus, the most renowned professor of the order.^ In 1244, the General of the Dominican Order took Thomas to Cologne, Germany, where St. Albert Magnus was teaching.
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^ He studied in Paris from 1245-1248 under Saint Albert the Great, then accompanied Albertus to Cologne.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas - The Story of the Dumb Ox at Aquinas and More Catholic Gifts 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.aquinasandmore.com [Source type: General]

^ John the Teutonic, fourth master general of the order, took the young student to Paris and, according to the majority of the saint's biographers, to Cologne, where he arrived in 1244 or 1245, and was placed under Albertus Magnus, the most renowned professor of the order (on chronology of this period see Prümmer, op.
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In the schools Thomas's humility and taciturnity were misinterpreted as signs of dullness, but when Albert had heard his brilliant defence of a difficult thesis, he exclaimed: "We call this young man a dumb ox, hut his bellowing in doctrine will one day resound throughout the world."
.In 1245 Albert was sent to Paris, and Thomas accompanied him as a student.^ In 1245 Albert was sent to Paris, and Thomas accompanied him as a student.
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^ In 1245 Albert was sent to Paris , and Thomas accompanied him as a student.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1245 he began to study in Paris with Albertus Magnus, whose favorite pupil he became, and in 1248 he accompanied Albertus to Cologne.
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.In 1248 both returned to Cologne.^ He then returned to Cologne in 1248, where he became a lecturer.
  • Summa Theologica by Thomas Aquinas, English Only (22 Vols.) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.logos.com [Source type: Original source]
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^ In 1248 both returned to Cologne.
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^ In 1248 both returned to Cologne .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.Albert had been appointed regent of the new studium generale, erected that year by the general chapter of the order, and Thomas was to teach under him as Bachelor.^ Albert had been appointed regent of the new studium generale , erected that year by the general chapter of the order , and Thomas was to teach under him as Bachelor.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Albert had been appointed regent of the new studium generale, erected that year by the general chapter of the order, and Thomas was to teach under him as Bachelor.
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^ Albert had been appointed regent of the new studium generale , erected that year by the general chapter of the order, and Thomas was to teach under him as Bachelor.
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.(On the system of graduation in the thirteenth century see ORDER OF PREACHERS -- II, A, 1, d).^ That, in 1263, the former professor of the University of Paris should be called back for a second time to Paris at the direction of his order was against all custom in the thirteenth century.
  • SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS by Jospeh Pieper 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.opthird.com [Source type: Original source]

^ See Walsh, "The Thirteenth, Greatest of Centuries", New York, 1907.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (On the system of graduation in the thirteenth century see Fleury, "Hist.
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.During his stay in Cologne, probably in 1250, he was raised to the priesthood by Conrad of Hochstaden, archbishop of that city.^ During his stay in Cologne , probably in 1250, he was raised to the priesthood by Conrad of Hochstaden , archbishop of that city.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During his stay in Cologne, probably in 1250, he was raised to the priesthood by Conrad of Hochstaden, archbishop of that city.
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^ Cologne , probably at the age of twenty-five, Thomas was ordained to the priesthood.
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.Throughout his busy life, he frequently preached the Word of God, in Germany, France, and Italy.^ Throughout his busy life, he frequently preached the Word of God, in Germany, France, and Italy.
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^ Throughout his busy life, he frequently preached the Word of God, in Germany , France , and Italy .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many things are taught in this Gospel according to the letter, as is manifest, but in this word we are taught to seek God, to which we are frequently exhorted in Holy Scripture.

.His sermons were forceful, redolent of piety, full of solid instruction, abounding in apt citations from the Scriptures.^ His sermons were forceful, redolent of piety , full of solid instruction, abounding in apt citations from the Scriptures .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His sermons were forceful, redolent of piety, full of solid instruction, abounding in apt citations from the Scriptures (see "D. Th.
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^ St Thomas is the author of the beautiful Office of Corpus Christi, in which solid doctrine, tender piety, and enlightening Scriptural citations are combined, and expressed in language remarkably accurate, beautifu] chaste, and poetic.
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In the year 1251 or 1252 the master general of the order, by the advice of Albertus Magnus and Hugo a S. Charo (Hugh of St. Cher), sent Thomas to fill the office of Bachelor (sub-regent) in the Dominican studium at Paris. .This appointment may be regarded as the beginning of his public career, for his teaching soon attracted the attention both of the professors and of the students.^ This appointment may be regarded as the beginning of his public career, for his teaching soon attracted the attention both of the professors and of the students.
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^ In addition to regularly lecturing and teaching in cities throughout Europe, Aquinas participated regularly in public life and advised both kings and popes.
  • Summa Theologica by Thomas Aquinas, English Only (22 Vols.) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.logos.com [Source type: Original source]
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^ Both men, as mendicants, had been refused permission to begin an independent teaching course at the university.
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.His duties consisted principally in explaining the "Sentences" of Peter Lombard, and his commentaries on that text-book of theology furnished the materials and, in great part, the plan for his chief work, the University of Paris, but the conferring of the degree was postponed, owing to a dispute between the university and the friars.^ On love and charity : readings from the Commentary on the sentences of Peter Lombard .
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^ In due time he was ordered to prepare himself to obtain the degree of Doctor in Theology from the University of Paris , but the conferring of the degree was postponed, owing to a dispute between the university and the friars .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His duties consisted principally in explaining the "Sentences" of Peter Lombard , and his commentaries on that text-book of theology furnished the materials and, in great part, the plan for his chief work, the "Summa theologica" .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.The conflict, originally a dispute between the university and the civic authorities, arose from the slaying of one of the students and the wounding of three others by the city guard.^ The conflict, originally a dispute between the university and the civic authorities , arose from the slaying of one of the students and the wounding of three others by the city guard.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When a student was killed by the Paris guard, a dispute between the University and the city of Paris erupted.
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^ The conflict, originally a dispute between the university and the civic authorities, arose from the slaying of one of the students and the wounding of three others by the city guard.
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.The university, jealous of its autonomy, demanded satisfaction, which was refused.^ The university, jealous of its autonomy, demanded satisfaction, which was refused.
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^ The universfty, jealous of its autonomy, demanded satisfaction, which was refused.
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^ The university , jealous of its autonomy, demanded satisfaction, which was refused.
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.The doctors closed their schools, solemnly swore that they would not reopen them until their demands were granted, and decreed that in future no one should be admitted to the degree of Doctor unless he would take an oath to follow the same line of conduct under similar circumstances.^ But no one would part with their copy!
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^ The doctors closed their schools , solemnly swore that they would not reopen them until their demands were granted, and decreed that in future no one should be admitted to the degree of Doctor unless he would take an oath to follow the same line of conduct under similar circumstances.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The doctors closed their schools, solemnly swore that they would not reopen them until their demands were granted, and decreed that in future no one should be admitted to the degree of Doctor unless he would take an oath to follow the same line of conduct under similar circumstances.
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The Dominicans and Franciscans, who had continued to teach in their schools, refused to take the prescribed oath, and from this there arose a bitter conflict which was at its height when St. Thomas and St. Bonaventure were ready to be presented for their degrees. .William of St-Amour extended the dispute beyond the original question, violently attacked the friars, of whom he was evidently jealous, and denied their right to occupy chairs in the university.^ William of St-Amour extended the dispute beyond the original question, violently attacked the Friars, of whom he was evidently jealous, and denied their right to occupy chairs in the university.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ William of St.-Amour extended the dispute beyond the original question, violently attacked the Friars, of whom he was evidently jealous, and denied their right to occupy chairs in the university.
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^ William of St-Amour extended the dispute beyond the original question, violently attacked the friars, of whom he was evidently jealous, and denied their right to occupy chairs in the university.
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Against his book, "De periculis novissimorum temporum" (The Perils of the Last Times), St. Thomas wrote a treatise "Contra impugnantes religionem", an apology for the religious orders (Touron, op. cit., II, cc. vii sqq.). .The book of William of St-Amour was condemned by Alexander IV at Anagni, 5 October, 1256, and the pope gave orders that the mendicant friars should be admitted to the doctorate.^ The book of William of St-Amour was condemned by Alexander IV at Anagni, 5 October, 1256, and the pope gave orders that .
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^ The book of William of St-Amour was condemned by Alexander IV at Anagni, 5 October, 1256, and the pope gave orders that the mendicant friars should be admitted to the doctorate.
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^ The book of William of St-Amour was condemned by Alexander IV at Anagni, October 5, 1256, and the pope gave orders that the mendicant friars should be admitted to the doctorate.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

About this time St. Thomas also combated a dangerous book, "The Eternal Gospel" (Touron, op. cit., II, cxii). The university authorities did not obey immediately; the influence of St. Louis IX and eleven papal Briefs were required before peace was firmly established, and St. Thomas was admitted to the degree of Doctor in Theology. .The date of his promotion, as given by many biographers, was 23 October, 1257. His theme was "The Majesty of Christ". His text, "Thou waterest the hills from thy upper rooms: the earth shall be filled with the fruit of thy works" (Psalm 103:13), said to have been suggested by a heavenly visitor, seems to have been prophetic of his career.^ His text, "Thou waterest the hills from thy upper rooms: the earth shall be filled with the fruit of thy works" (Psalm 103:13), said to have been suggested by a heavenly visitor, seems to have been prophetic of his career.
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^ The date of his promotion, as given by many biographers, was 23 October, 1257.
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^ His text, "Thou waterest the hills from thy upper rooms: the earth shall be filled with the fruit of thy works" ( Psalm 103:13 ), said to have been suggested by a heavenly visitor , seems to have been prophetic of his career.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

A tradition says that St. Bonaventure and St. Thomas received the doctorate on the same day, and that there was a contest of humility between the two friends as to which should be promoted first.
From this time St. Thomas's life may be summed up in a few words: praying, preaching, teaching, writing, journeying. Men were more anxious to hear him than they had been to hear Albert, whom St. Thomas surpassed in accuracy, lucidity, brevity, and power of exposition, if not in universality of knowledge. .Paris claimed him as her own; the popes wished to have him near them; the studia of the order were eager to enjoy the benefit of his teaching; hence we find him successively at Anagni, Rome, Bologna, Orvieto, Viterbo, Perugia, in Paris again, and finally in Naples, always teaching and writing, living on earth with one passion, an ardent zeal for the explanation and defence of Christian truth.^ Paris claimed him as her own; the popes wished to have him near them; the studia of the order were eager to enjoy the benefit of his teaching; hence we find him successively at Anagni, Rome, Bologna, Orvieto, Viterbo, Perugia, in Paris again, and finally in Naples, always teaching and writing, living on earth with one passion, an ardent zeal for the explanation and defense of Christian truth.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He taught at various times in Paris, in Rome, in Viterbo and in Naples.

^ Paris claimed him as her own; the popes wished to have him near them; the studia of the order were eager to enjoy the benefit of his teaching; hence we find him successively at Anagni, Rome, Bologna, Orvieto, Viterbo, Perugia, in Paris again, and finally in Naples, always teaching and writing, living on earth with one passion, an ardent zeal for the explanation and defence of Christian truth.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.So devoted was he to his sacred task that with tears he begged to be excused from accepting the Archbishopric of Naples, to which he was appointed by Clement IV in 1265. Had this appointment been accepted, most probably the general chapters of the order.^ So devoted was he to his sacred task that with tears he begged to be excused from accepting the Archbishopric of Naples , to which he was appointed by Clement IV in 1265.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Clement IV offered him the archbishopric of Naples which he also refused.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas - Saints & Angels - Catholic Online 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.catholic.org [Source type: General]

^ So devoted was he to his sacred task that with tears he begged to be excused from accepting the Archbishopric of Naples, to which he was appointed by Clement IV in 1265.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.One of these chapters was held in London in 1263. In another held at Valenciennes (1259) he collaborated with Albertus Magnus and Peter of Tarentasia (afterwards Pope Innocent V) in formulating a system of studies which is substantially preserved to this day in the studia generalia of the Dominican Order (cf.^ In 1263, he attended the London meeting of the Dominican order.

^ In 1259 he was present at an important chapter of his order at Valenciennes.
  • Biography of Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tlogical.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In another held at Valenciennes (1259) he collaborated with Albertus Magnus and Peter of Tarentasia (afterwards Pope Innocent V ) in formulating a system of studies which is substantially preserved to this day in the studia generalia of the Dominican Order (cf.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

Douais, op. cit.).
It is not surprising to read in the biographies of St. Thomas that he was frequently abstracted and in ecstasy. .Towards the end of his life the ecstasies became more frequent.^ Towards the end of his life the ecstasies became more frequent.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He experienced mystic ecstasies throughout his life, which became more frequent as he grew older.
  • Domestic-Church.Com: Saint Profile: Saint Thomas Aquina 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.domestic-church.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Towards the end of his life, St. Thomas confided to his faithful friend and companion, Reginald of Piperno, the secret of a remarkable favor received at this time.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

On one occasion, at Naples in 1273, after he had completed his treatise on the Eucharist, three of the brethren saw him lifted in ecstasy, and they heard a voice proceeding from the crucifix on the altar, saying "Thou hast written well of me, Thomas; what reward wilt thou have?" Thomas replied, "None other than Thyself, Lord" (Prümmer, op. cit., p. 38). .Similar declarations are said to have been made at Orvieto and at Paris.^ Similar declarations are said to have been made at Orvieto and at Paris.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Similar declarations are said to have been made at Orvieto and at Paris .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.On 6 December, 1273, he laid aside his pen and would write no more.^ On December 6, 1273, he laid aside his pen and would write no more.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On 6 December, 1273, he laid aside his pen and would write no more.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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^ He used to begin his lectures and writings with prayer; and when in any inquiry he could find no solution, he would fall on his knees and pray for illumination.
  • Aquinas, St. Thomas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ageslibrary.com [Source type: Original source]

.That day he experienced an unusually long ecstasy during Mass; what was revealed to him we can only surmise from his reply to Father Reginald, who urged him to continue his writings: "I can do no more.^ Thomas gives the answer: "Reginald, I can write no more.
  • SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS by Jospeh Pieper 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.opthird.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That day he experienced an unusually long ecstasy during Mass ; what was revealed to him we can only surmise from his reply to Father Reginald , who urged him to continue his writings: "I can do no more.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas answers only, "I can write no more."
  • SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS by Jospeh Pieper 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.opthird.com [Source type: Original source]

.Such secrets have been revealed to me that all I have written now appears to be of little value" (modica, Prümmer, op.^ Such secrets have been revealed to me that all I have written now appears to be of little value" ( modica , Prümmer, op.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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^ Such things have been revealed to me that all that I have written seems to me as so much straw."
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.abu.nb.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Such secrets have been revealed to me that all I have written now appears to be of little value" (modica, Prmmer, op.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

cit., p. 43). The preparation for death. Gregory X, having convoked a general council, to open at Lyons on 1 May, 1274, invited St. Thomas and St. Bonaventure to take part in the deliberations, commanding the former to bring to the council his treatise "Contra errores Graecorum" (Against the Errors of the Greeks). .He tried to obey, setting out on foot in January, 1274, but strength failed him; he fell to the ground near Terracina, whence he was conducted to the Castle of Maienza the home of his niece the Countess Francesca Ceccano.^ He tried to obey, setting out on foot in January, 1274, but strength failed him; he fell to the ground near Terracina, whence he was conducted to the Castle of Maienza, the home of his niece the Countess Francesca Ceccano.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He tried to obey, setting out on foot in January, 1274, but strength failed him; he fell to the ground near Terracina, whence he was conducted to the Castle of Maienza the home of his niece the Countess Francesca Ceccano.
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^ He tried to obey , setting out on foot in January, 1274, but strength failed him; he fell to the ground near Terracina , whence he was conducted to the Castle of Maienza, the home of his niece the Countess Francesca Ceccano.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Cistercian monks of Fossa Nuova pressed him to accept their hospitality, and he was conveyed to their monastery, on entering which he whispered to his companion: "This is my rest for ever and ever: here will I dwell, for I have chosen it" (Psalm 131:14).^ The Cistercian monks of Fossa Nuova pressed him to accept their hospitality, and he was conveyed to their monastery, on entering which he whispered to his companion: "This is my rest for ever and ever: here will I dwell, for I have chosen it" (Ps.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ However, the Cistercian Monks of Fossa Nuova urged Thomas to come to their Monastery.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.sspx.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ The Cistercian monks of Fossa Nuova pressed him to accept their hospitality, and he was conveyed to their monastery, on entering which he whispered to his companion: "This is my rest for ever and ever: here will I dwell, for I have chosen it" (Psalm 131:14).
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

When Father Reginald urged him to remain at the castle, the saint replied: "If the Lord wishes to take me away, it is better that I be found in a religious house than in the dwelling of a lay person." The Cistercians were so kind and attentive that Thomas's humility was alarmed. "Whence comes this honour", he exclaimed, "that servants of God should carry wood for my fire!" At the urgent request of the monks he dictated a brief commentary on the Canticle of Canticles.
.The end was near; extreme unction was administered.^ The end was near; extreme unction was administered.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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^ When the end was near and extreme unction administered, Saint Thomas pronounced this act of faith: .
  • Domestic-Church.Com: Saint Profile: Saint Thomas Aquina 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.domestic-church.com [Source type: Original source]

When the Sacred Viaticum was brought into the room he pronounced the following act of faith:
.
If in this world there be any knowledge of this sacrament stronger than that of faith, I wish now to use it in affirming that I firmly believe and know as certain that Jesus Christ, True God and True Man, Son of God and Son of the Virgin Mary, is in this Sacrament .^ When the Sacred Viaticum was brought into the room he pronounced the following act of faith: If in this world there be any knowledge of this sacrament stronger than that of faith, I wish now to use it in affirming that I firmly believe and know as certain that Jesus Christ, True God and True Man, Son of God and Son of the Virgin Mary, is in this Sacrament .
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When he saw the host in the priest's hand, he said, "I firmly believe that Jesus Christ, true God and true Man, is present in this august sacrament.
  • CIN - ST THOMAS OF AQUINO, DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH AND CONFESSOR 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.cin.org [Source type: Original source]

^ With Jesus Christ, we know he existed.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

. . .I receive Thee, the price of my redemption, for Whose love I have watched, studied, and laboured.^ And on receiving the Blessed Sacrament, he said, “I receive Thee the price of my soul’s redemption ; for Thy love I have studied, watched, and laboured.” .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas — Catholicism.org - Saint Benedict Center, The Slaves of the Immaculate Heart of Mary 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC catholicism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I receive Thee, the price of my redemption , for Whose love I have watched, studied, and laboured.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then he added: "I receive Thee, the price of my redemption, for Whose love I have watched, studied, and labored.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

.Thee have I preached; Thee have I taught.^ I receive Thee the price of my Redemption, for whose love I have watched, studied and laboured, preached and taught.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.sspx.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Thee have I preached; Thee have I taught.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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  • Domestic-Church.Com: Saint Profile: Saint Thomas Aquina 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.domestic-church.com [Source type: Original source]
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.Never have I said anything against Thee: if anything was not well said, that is to be attributed to my ignorance.^ Never have I said anything against Thee: if anything was not well said, that is to be attributed to my ignorance.
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^ Never have I said anything against Thee: if anything was not well said, that is to be attributed to my ignorance .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And on receiving the Blessed Sacrament, he said, “I receive Thee the price of my soul’s redemption ; for Thy love I have studied, watched, and laboured.” .
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas — Catholicism.org - Saint Benedict Center, The Slaves of the Immaculate Heart of Mary 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC catholicism.org [Source type: Original source]

Neither do I wish to be obstinate in my opinions, but if I have written anything erroneous concerning this sacrament or other matters, I submit all to the judgment and correction of the Holy Roman Church, in whose obedience I now pass from this life.
He died on 7 March, 1274. Numerous miracles attested his sanctity, and he was canonized by John XXII, 18 July, 1323. The monks of Fossa Nuova were anxious to keep his sacred remains, but by order of Urban V the body was given to his Dominican brethren, and was solemnly translated to the Dominican church at Toulouse, 28 January, 1369. A magnificent shrine erected in 1628 was destroyed during the French Revolution, and the body was removed to the Church of St. Sernin, where it now reposes in a sarcophagus of gold and silver, which was solemnly blessed by Cardinal Desprez on 24 July, 1878. The chief bone of his left arm is preserved in the cathedral of Naples. The right arm, bestowed on the University of Paris, and originally kept in the St. Thomas's Chapel of the Dominican church, is now preserved in the Dominican Church of S. Maria Sopra Minerva in Rome, whither it was transferred during the French Revolution.
.A description of the saint as he appeared in life is given by Calo (Prümmer, op.^ A description of the saint as he appeared in life is given by Calo (Prmmer, op.
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^ A description of the saint as he appeared in life is given by Calo (Prummer, op.
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^ A description of the saint as he appeared in life is given by Calo (Prümmer, op.
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cit., p. 401), who says that his features corresponded with the greatness of his soul. .He was of lofty stature and of heavy build, but straight and well proportioned.^ He was of lofty stature and of heavy build, but straight and well proportioned.
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.His complexion was "like the colour of new wheat": his head was large and well shaped, and he was slightly bald.^ His complexion was "like the color of new wheat"; his head was large and well shaped, and he was slightly bald.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His complexion was "like the colour of new wheat": his head was large and well shaped, and he was slightly bald.
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^ Aquinas had a dark complexion, a head so large you could land a plane on it, was balder than Patrick Stewart , and he was of large stature [9] .
  • Thomas Aquinas - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC mirror.uncyc.org [Source type: Original source]

.All portraits represent him as noble, meditative, gentle yet strong.^ All portraits represent him as noble, meditative, gentle yet strong.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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^ Thomas made a remarkable impression on all who knew him, as represented in contemporary biographies.
  • Biography of Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tlogical.net [Source type: Original source]

St. Pius V proclaimed St. Thomas a Doctor of the Universal Church in the year 1567. In the Encyclical [[�terni Patris (Catholic Encyclopedia)|"Aeterni Patris"]], of 4 August, 1879, on the restoration of Christian philosophy, Leo XIII declared him "the prince and master of all Scholastic doctors". The same illustrious pontiff, by a Brief dated 4 August, 1880, designated him patron of all Catholic universities, academies, colleges, and schools throughout the world.
IIa. WRITINGS (GENERAL REMARKS)
Although St. Thomas lived less than fifty years, he composed more than sixty works, some of them brief, some very lengthy. .This does not necessarily mean that every word in the authentic works was written by his hand; he was assisted by secretaries, and biographers assure us that he could dictate to several scribes at the same time.^ This does not necessarily mean that every word in the authentic works was written by his hand; he was assisted by secretaries, and biographers assure us that he could dictate to several scribes at the same time (Vaughan, op.
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^ This does not necessarily mean that every word in the authentic works was written by his hand; he was assisted by secretaries, and biographers assure us that he could dictate to several scribes at the same time .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Aquinas could dictate to several people at the time and worked all day long and prayed all night.
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.Other works, some of which were composed by his disciples, have been falsely attributed to him.^ Other works, some of which were composed by his disciples, have been falsely attributed to him.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Other works, some of which were composed by his disciples , have been falsely attributed to him.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Other work' some of which were composed by his disciples, have been falsely attributed to him.
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.In the "Scriptores Ordinis Praedicatorum" (Paris, 1719) Fr.^ In the "Scriptores Ordinis Praedicatorum" (Paris 1719) Fr.
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^ In the "Scriptores Ordinis Praedicatorum" (Paris, 1719) Fr.
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  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

Echard devotes eighty-six folio pages to St. Thomas's works, the different editions and translations (I, pp. 282-348). Touron (op. cit., pp. 69 sqq.) says that manuscript copies were found in nearly all the libraries of Europe, and that, after the invention of printing, copies were multiplied rapidly in Germany, Italy, and France, portions of the [[Sch�ffer, Peter (Catholic Encyclopedia)|Peter Schöffer]], a printer of Mainz, published the Basle, in 1485. Many other editions of this and of other works were published in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, especially at Venice and at Lyons. .The principal editions of all the work (Opera Omnia) were published as follows: Rome, 1570; Venice, 1594, 1612, 1745; Antwerp, 1612; Paris, 1660, 1871-80 (Vives); Parma, 1852-73; Rome, 1882 (the Leonine).^ All the above were collected and published at Rome, 1568 and 1570, in 17 vols.; Venice, 1587 and 1594; Douai, 1608; Antwerp, 1612; Paris, 1634, 1655, 1660, in 23 vols.
  • Aquinas, St. Thomas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ageslibrary.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The principal editions of all the work (Opera Omnia) were published as follows: Rome, 1570; Venice, 1594,1612, 1745; Antwerp, 1612; Paris, 1660, 1871-80 (Vives); Parma, 1852-73; Rome, 1882 (the Leonine).
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^ The first complete edition, printed at Basle in 1485, was soon followed by others, e.g., at Venice in 1505, 1509, 1588, 1594; at Lyons in 1520, 1541, 1547, 1548, 1581, 1588, 1624, 1655; at Antwerp in 1575.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

The Roman edition of 1570, called "the Piana", because edited by order of St. Pius V, was the standard for many years. .Besides a carefully revised text it contained the commentaries of Cardinal Cajetan and the valuable "Tabula Aurea" of Peter of Bergamo.^ Besides a carefully revised text it contained the commentaries of Cardinal Cajetan and the valuable "Tabula Aurea" of Peter of Bergamo.
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^ Besides a carefully revised text it contained the commentaries of Cardinal Cajetan and the valuable "Tabula Aurea" of Peter of Bergamo .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Critical dissertations on each work will be given, the text will be carefully revised, and all references will be verified.
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.The Venetian edition of 1612 was highly prized because the text was accompanied by the Cajetan-Porrecta commentaries .^ The Venetian edition of 1612 was highly prized because the text was accompanied by the Cajetan - Porrecta commentaries .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Venetian edition of 1612 was highly prized because the text was accompanied by the Cajetan-Porrecta commentaries (see Serafino Porrecta ).
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Venetian edition of 1612 was highly prized because the text was accompanied by the Cajetan-Porrecta commentaries .
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. . . .The Leonine edition, begun under the patronage of Leo XIII, now continued under the master general of the Dominicans, undoubtedly will be the most perfect of all.^ The Leonine edition, begun under the patronage of Leo XIII , now continued under the master general of the Dominicans , undoubtedly will be the most perfect of all.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Leonine edition, begun under the patronage of Leo XIII, now continued under the master general of the Dominicans, undoubtedly will be the most perfect of all.
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^ In the Encyclical "Aeterni Patris", of 4 August, 1879, on the restoration of Christian philosophy, Leo XIII declared him "the prince and master of all Scholastic doctors".
  • Logos (est. 1995): St. Thomas Aquinas (c 1225-1274) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC russellmcneil.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Critical dissertations on each work will be given, the text will be carefully revised, and all references will be verified.^ Critical dissertations on each work will be given, the text will be carefully revised, and all references will be verified.
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^ One day, deo volente , all of the commentaries will be translated again from the text of the critical edition.
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^ Aquinatis" (Venice, 1750) of Bernard de Rubeis are given in all important editions of the saint's works.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

.By direction of Leo XIII (Motu Proprio, 18 Jan., 1880) the "Summa contra gentiles" will be published with the commentaries of Sylvester Ferrariensis, whilst the commentaries of Cajetan go with the philosophical, theological, scriptural, and apologetic, or controversial.^ By direction of Leo XIII ( Motu Proprio , 18 Jan., 1880) the "Summa contra gentiles" will be published with the commentaries of Sylvester Ferrariensis, whilst the commentaries of Cajetan go with the "Summa theologica" .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (Summa contra Gentiles, IV, qu.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas  |  Study Archive @ PreteristArchive.com - The Internet's Only Balanced Look at Preterism 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.preteristarchive.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas's works may be classified as philosophical, theological, scriptural, and apologetic, or controversial.
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.The division, however, cannot always be rigidly maintained.^ The division, however, cannot always be rigidly maintained.
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^ But a body by definition has potentiality, insofar as it is infinitely divisible: whatever is infinitely divisible is always potentially divided, and so cannot ever be fully actual.
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.The philosophical, whilst the "Summa contra gentiles" is principally, but not exclusively, philosophical and apologetic.^ Summa contra gentiles .
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^ At this time he completed his Summa contra gentiles .
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^ (Summa contra Gentiles, IV, qu.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas  |  Study Archive @ PreteristArchive.com - The Internet's Only Balanced Look at Preterism 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.preteristarchive.com [Source type: Original source]

.His philosophical works are chiefly commentaries on Aristotle, and his first important theological writings were commentaries on Peter Lombard's four books of "Sentences"; but he does not slavishly follow either the Philosopher or the Master of the Sentences (on opinions of the Lombard rejected by theologians, see Migne, 1841, edition of the "Summa" I, p.^ His philosophical works are chiefly commentaries on Aristotle, and his first important theological writings were commentaries on Peter Lombard's four books of "Sentences"; but he does not slavishly follow either the Philosopher or the Master of the Sentences (on opinions of the Lombard rejected by theologians, see Migne, 1841, edition of the "Summa" I, p.
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^ First of all, this work is a biblical commentary by a master in a medieval university.
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^ Of his most important work, the Summa Theologie, many editions have been printed.
  • Aquinas, St. Thomas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ageslibrary.com [Source type: Original source]

451).
IIb. WRITINGS (HIS PRINCIPAL WORKS)
Amongst the works wherein St. Thomas's own mind and method are shown, the following deserve special mention:
.(1) "Quaestiones disputatae" (Disputed Questions) -- These were more complete treatises on subjects that had not been fully elucidated in the lecture halls, or concerning which the professor's opinion had been sought.^ These were more complete treatises on subjects that had not been fully elucidated in the lecture halls, or concerning which the professor's opinion had been sought.
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^ "Quaestiones disputatae" (Disputed Questions).These were more complete treatises on subjects that had not been fully elucidated in the lecture halls, or concerning which the professor's opinion had been sought.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Amongst the works wherein St. Thomas's own mind and method are shown, the following deserve special mention: (1) "Quaestiones disputatae" (Disputed Questions) — These were more complete treatises on subjects that had not been fully elucidated in the lecture halls, or concerning which the professor's opinion had been sought.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.They are very valuable, because in them the author, free from limitations as to time or space, freely expresses his mind and gives all arguments for or against the opinions adopted.^ They are very valuable, because in them the author, free from limitations as to time or space, freely expresses his mind and gives all arguments for or against the opinions adopted.
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^ They are very valuable, because in them the author, free from limitations as to time or space , freely expresses his mind and gives all arguments for or against the opinions adopted.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If you like or dislike this author in general or one or more of their quotes in particular, please give us your feedback by clicking on the icon to vote for, or the icon to vote against them.
  • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Saint Thomas Aquinas 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

.These treatises, containing the questions "De potentia", "De malo", "De spirit.^ "Quaestiones disputatae" (Disputed Questions).These were more complete treatises on subjects that had not been fully elucidated in the lecture halls, or concerning which the professor's opinion had been sought.
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^ These treatises, containing the questions "De potentia", "De malo", "De spirit.
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^ The first number (London and New York, 1911) contains the treatise on the Divine Essence (De Deo Uno, QQ. i-xxvi).
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creaturis", ."De anima", "De unione Verbi Incarnati", "De virt.^ De unione verbi incarnati .
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^ "De anima", "De unione Verbi Incarnati", "De virt.
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in communi", ."De caritate", "De corr.^ "De caritate", "De corr.
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fraterna", ."De spe", "De virt.^ "De spe", "De virt.
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cardinal.", ."De veritate", were often reprinted, e.g.^ "De veritate", were often reprinted, e.g.
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recently by the Association of St. Paul (2 vols., Paris and Fribourg, Switzerland, 1883).
.(2) "Quodlibeta" (may be rendered "Various Subjects", or "Free Discussions") -- They present questions or arguments proposed and answers given in or outside the lecture halls, chiefly in the more formal Scholastic exercises, termed circuli, conclusiones, or determinationes, which were held once or twice a year.^ "Quodlibeta" (may be rendered "Various Subjects", or "Free Discussions").They present questions or arguments proposed and answers given in or outside the lecture halls, chiefly in the more formal scholastic exercises, termed circuli, conclusiones, or determinationes, which were held once or twice a year.
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^ "Quodlibeta" (may be rendered "Various Subjects", or "Free Discussions") — They present questions or arguments proposed and answers given in or outside the lecture halls, chiefly in the more formal Scholastic exercises, termed circuli, conclusiones , or determinationes , which were held once or twice a year.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Quodlibeta" (may be rendered "Various Subjects", or "Free Discussions").—They present questions or arguments proposed and answers given in or outside the lecture halls, chiefly in the more formal scholastic exercises, termed circuli, conclusiones , or determinationes , which were held once or twice a year.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

.(3) "De unitate intellectus contra Averroistas" -- This opusculum refuted a very dangerous and widespread error, viz., that there was but one soul for all men, a theory which did away wth individual liberty and responsibility.^ "De unitate intellectus contra Averroistas ".This opusculum refuted a very dangerous and widespread error, viz., that there was but one soul for all men, a theory which did away wth individual liberty and responsibility.
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^ "De unitate intellectus contra Averroistas".—This opusculum refuted a very dangerous and widespread error, viz., that there was but one soul for all men, a theory which did away with individual liberty and responsibility.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ De unitate intellectus contra Averroistas .
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(See AVERROES)
(4) "Commentaria in Libros Sententiarum" (mentioned above) -- This with the following work are the immediate forerunners of the Rome, 1261-64, was composed at the request of [[Raymond of Pe�afort, Saint (Catholic Encyclopedia)|St. .Raymond of Pennafort]], who desired to have a philosophical exposition and defence of the Christian Faith, to be used against the Jews and Moors in Spain.^ This work, written at Rome, 1261-64, was composed at the request of St. Raymond of Pennafort, who desired to have a philosophical exposition and defence of the Christian Faith, to be used against the Jews and Moors in Spain.
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^ "Summa de veritate catholicae fidei contra gentiles" (Treatise on the Truth of the Catholic Faith, against Unbelievers) -- This work, written at Rome , 1261-64, was composed at the request of St. Raymond of Pennafort , who desired to have a philosophical exposition and defence of the Christian Faith , to be used against the Jews and Moors in Spain .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Summa de veritate catholicae fidei contra gentiles" (Treatise on the Truth of the Catholic Faith, against Unbelievers).This work, written at Rome, 1261-64, was composed at the request of St. Raymond of Pennafort, who desired to have a philosophical exposition and defence of the Christian Faith, to be used against the Jews and Moors in Spain.
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.It is a perfect model of patient and sound apologetics, showing that no demonstrated truth (science) is opposed to revealed truth (faith).^ It is a perfect model of patient and sound apologetics , showing that no demonstrated truth ( science ) is opposed to revealed truth ( faith ).
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is a perfect model of patient and sound apologetics, showing that no demonstrated truth (science) is opposed to revealed truth (faith).
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^ The truth of our faith becomes a matter of ridicule among the infidels if any Catholic, not gifted with the necessary scientific learning, presents as dogma what scientific scrutiny shows to be false.
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.The best recent editions are those of Rome, 1878 (by Uccelli), of Paris and Fribourg, Switzerland, 1882, and of Rome, 1894. It has been translated into many languages.^ It has been translated into many languages.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The best recent editions are those of Rome, 1878 (by Uceelli), of Paris and Fribourg, Switzerland, 1882, and of Rome, 1894.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The best recent editions are those of Rome , 1878 (by Uccelli), of Paris and Fribourg , Switzerland , 1882, and of Rome , 1894.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is divided into four books: I. Of God as He is in Himself; II. Of God the Origin of Creatures; III. Of God the End of Creatures; IV. Of God in His Revelation.^ In Book II: God The Origin of Creatures, he discusses such subjects as the nature of free will, wisdom, subsistent intelligences, the intellectual soul, the mind of Aristotle, the immortality of the human soul, the souls of animals, and more.
  • Psychohistory: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.psyking.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In Book IV: Of God In His Revelation, he discusses such subjects as sin and immortality, among other subjects.
  • Psychohistory: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.psyking.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It is divided into four books: I. Of God as He is in Himself; II. Of God the Origin of Creatures; III. Of God the End of Creatures; IV. Of God in His Revelation.
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.It is worthy of remark that the Fathers of the Vatican Council, treating the necessity of revelation (Coast.^ It is worthy of remark that the Fathers of the Vatican Council , treating the necessity of revelation (Constitution "Dei Filius", c.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is worthy of remark that the Fathers of the Vatican Council, treating the necessity of revelation (Coast.
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^ Catholic biblical studies in our day, leading to the Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation, Dei verbum, of the Second Vatican Council (18 Nov.
  • Thomas Aquinas: Commentary on the Gospel of John 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.op-stjoseph.org [Source type: Original source]

"Dei Filius", c. 2), employed almost the very words used by St. Thomas in treating that subject in this work (I, cc. iv, .V), and in the Greeks on doctrines in dispute between them and the Roman Church, viz., the procession of the Holy Ghost from the Father and the Son, the primacy of the Roman pontiff, the Holy Eucharist, and purgatory.^ Three works written by order of Urban IV -- The "Opusculum contra errores Graecorum" refuted the errors of the Greeks on doctrines in dispute between them and the Roman Church , viz., the procession of the Holy Ghost from the Father and the Son , the primacy of the Roman pontiff , the Holy Eucharist , and purgatory .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The "Opusculum contra errores Graecorum" refuted the errors of the Greeks on doctrines in dispute between them and the Roman Church, viz., the procession of the Holy Ghost from the Father and the Son, the primacy of the Roman pontiff, the Holy Eucharist, and purgatory.
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^ Father, Son and Holy Ghost (1a.

.It was used against the Greeks with telling effect in the Council of Lyons (1274) and in the Council of Florence (1493).^ It was used against the Greeks with telling effect in the Council of Lyons (1274) and in the Councll of Florence (1493).
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^ It was used against the Greeks with telling effect in the Council of Lyons (1274) and in the Council of Florence (1493).
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^ At the Council of Lyons his book "Contra errores Graecorum" was used with telling effect against the Greeks.
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In the range of human reasonings on deep subjects there can be found nothing to surpass the sublimity and depth of the argument adduced by St. Thomas to prove that the Holy Ghost proceeds from the Father and the Son (cf. .Faith is not based on that argument alone.^ Faith is not based on that argument alone.
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^ Aquinas offers an interesting argument comparing faith and science (or knowledge based in a reasoned reflection on sense data).
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^ Summa I:36:2 ); but it must be borne in mind that our Faith is not based on that argument alone.
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.
  • "Officium de festo Corporis Christi". Mandonnet (Ecrits, p.^ Officium de festo Corporis Christi, ad mandatum Urbani Papae IV .
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    ^ Officium de festo Corporis Christi .
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    ^ "Officium de festo Cor poris Christi".Mandonnet (Ecrits, p.
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    127) declares that it is now established beyond doubt that St. Thomas is the author of the beautiful Office of Corpus Christi, in which solid doctrine, tender piety, and enlightening Scriptural citations are combined, and expressed in language remarkably accurate, beautiful, chaste, and poetic. .Here we find the well-known hymns, "Sacris Solemniis", "Pange Lingua" (concluding in the "Tantum Ergo"), "Verbum Supernum" (concluding with the "O Salutaris Hostia") and, in the Mass, the beautiful sequence "Lauda Sion".^ His writings on the Eucharist, such as the benediction hymns, Pange Lingua Gloriosi (Sing, My tongue, the Saviors Glory) and O Salutaris Hostia (O Saving Victim), are treasured by catholics because of their exquisite, angelical touches that move the mind and heart to silent adoration and worship in heartfelt praise and thanksgiving.

    ^ CapitolHill/8246 includes the Latin and English of Pange lingua as well as the English of “A prayer for purity” and “A prayer for virtue.” www.catholic-forum.com/saints/index011.htm links to Adoro te devote, Lauda Sion, Tantum ergo, and Thomas’ prayers before study and after Mass.
    • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The four hymns of this Mass and office, Laude Sion Salvatorem, Pange Lingua, Sacris solemniis, and Verbum supernum (ending with O Salutaris Hostia ), are classed among the greatest of Christian hymns.
    • Saint Thomas Aquinas Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Saint Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    In the responses of the office, St. Thomas places side by side words of the New Testament affirming the real presence of Christ in the Blessed Sacrament and texts from the Old Testament referring to the types and figures of the Eucharist. .Santeuil, a poet of the seventeenth century, said he would give all the verses he had written for the one stanza of the "Verbum Supernum": "Se nascens dedit socium, convescens in edulium: Se moriens in pretium, Se regnans dat in praemium" -- "In birth, man's fellow-man was He, His meat, while sitting at the Board: He died his Ransomer to be, He reigns to be his Great Reward" (tr.^ Santeuil, a poet of the seventeenth century, said he would give all the verses he had written for the one stanza of the "Verbum Supernum" : "Se nascens dedit socium, convescens in edulium: Se moriens in pretium, Se regnans dat in praemium" — "In birth, man's fellow-man was He, His meat, while sitting at the Board: He died his Ransomer to be, He reigns to be his Great Reward" (tr.
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    ^ Santeuil, a poet of the seventeenth century, said he would give all the verses he had written for the one stanza of the "Verbum Supernum": "Se nascens dedit socium, convescens in edulium: Se moriens in pretium, Se regnans dat in praemium "—"In birth, man's fellowman was He, His meat, while sitting at the Board: He died his Ransomer to be, He reigns to be his Great Reward" (tr.
    • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Santeuil, a poet of the seventeenth century, said he would give all the verses he had written for the one stanza of the "Verbum Supernum": "Se nascens dedit socium, convescens in edulium: Se moriens in pretium, Se regnans dat in praemium" "In birth, man's fellow-man was He, His meat, while sitting at the Board: He died his Ransomer to be, He reigns to be his Great Reward (tr.
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    by Marquis of Bute). .Perhaps the gem of the whole office is the antiphon "O Sacrum Convivium" (cf.^ Perhaps the gem of the whole office is the antiphon "O Sacrum Convivium (cf.
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    ^ Perhaps the gem of the whole office is the antiphon "O Sacrum Convivium" (cf.
    • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    Conway, "St. Thomas Aquinas", London and New York, 1911, p. 61).
  • The "Catena Aurea' though not as original as his other writings, furnishes a striking proof of St. Thomas's prodigious memory and manifests an intimate acquaintance with the Fathers of the Church. .The work contains a series of passages selected from the writings of the various Fathers, arranged in such order that the texts cited form a running commentary on the Gospels.^ The work contains a series of passages selected from the writings of the various Fathers , arranged in such order that the texts cited form a running commentary on the Gospels .
    • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The work contains a series of passages selected from the writings of the various Fathers, arranged in such order that the texts cited form a running commentary on the Gospels.
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    ^ The former investigates necessary truths, such as the mathematical axioms or laws of nature, while the latter is concerned with contingent realities, such as arranging a society, forming laws, etc.
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    The commentary on St. Matthew was dedicated to Urban IV. .An English translation of the "Catena Aurea was edited by John Henry Newman (4 vols., Oxford 1841-1845; see Vaughan, op.^ English translation: Catena Aurea.
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    ^ Newman, John Henry, trans.
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    ^ An English translation of the "Catena Aurea" was edited by John Henry Newman (4 vols., Oxford, 1841-1845; see Vaughan, op.
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    cit., vol. II,) pp. 529 sqq..
(7) The "Summa theologica" -- This work immortalized St. Thomas. .The author himself modestly considered it simply a manual of Christian doctrine for the use of students.^ The author himself modestly considered it simply a manual of Christian doctrine for the use of students.
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^ The reference to Christian Philosophy recalls that neo-Thomism, as it would later become known, was promoted by the Church in response to the widespread use of Cartesian manuals of philosophy in Christian education.
  • Thomas Aquinas: A Doctor for the Ages | First Things 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These issues are very important to christians because they deal with LIFE itself and the Author of Life is no other than God Himself.
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In reality it is a complete scientifically arranged exposition of theology and at the same time a summary of Christian philosophy (see [[Summ� (Catholic Encyclopedia)|SUMMÆ]]). In the brief sacred doctrine in his day, the causes assigned being: the multiplication of useless questions, articles, and arguments; the lack of scientific order; frequent repetitions, "which beget disgust and confusion in the minds of learners". Then he adds: "Wishing to avoid these and similar drawbacks, we shall endeavour, confiding in the Divine assistance, to treat of these things that pertain to sacred doctrine with brevity and clearness, in so far as the subject to he treated will permit." In the introductory question, reason affords, Revelation also is necessary for salvation first, because without it men could not know the supenatural end to which they must tend by their voluntary acts; secondly, because, without Revelation, even the truths concerning God which could be proved by reason would be known "only by a few, after a long time, and with the admixture of many errors". When revealed truths have been accepted, the mind of man proceeds to explain them and to draw conclusions from them. Hence results theology, which is a science, because it proceeds from principles that are certain (God; other things are treated in it only in so far as they relate to God (Reason is used in theology not to prove the truths of faith, which are accepted on the authority of God, but to defend, explain, and develop the doctrines revealed (knowledge of God, not only as He is in Himself, but also as He is the Beginning of all things, and the End of all, especially of rational creatures, we shall treat first of God; secondly, of the rational creature's advance towards God (de motu creaturae rationalis in Deum); thirdly, of Christ, Who, as Man, is the way by which we tend to God." God in Himself, and as He is the Creator; God as the End of all things, especially of man; God as the Redeemer -- these are the leading ideas, the great headings, under which all that pertains to theology is contained.
(a) Sub-divisions
The Second Part, On God as He is in the End of man, is sometimes called the Moral Theology of St. Thomas, i.e., his treatise on the end of man and on human acts. .It is subdivided into two parts, known as the God.^ For example, the treatment of Christ is divided into two parts; the first is sometimes characterized as more "scientific" and the second, covering the events of His life, more "scriptural."
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^ In view of this intention, Thomas divides the Gospel into two parts: in the first, John suggests the divinity of Christ (c.
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^ It is subdivided into two parts, known as the First Section of the Second (I-II, or 1a 2ae) and the Second of the Second (II-II, or 2a 2ae).
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Man attains to that end or deviates from it by human acts, i.e. by free, deliberate acts. Of human acts he treats, first, in general (in all but the first five questions of the human acts in general is divided into two parts: the first, on human acts in themselves; the other, on the principles or causes, extrinsic or intrinsic, of those acts. .In these tracts and in the Aristotle, gives a perfect description and a wonderfully keen analysis of the movements of man's mind and heart.^ In these tracts, and in the Second of the Second, St. Thomas, following Aristotle, gives a perfect description and a wonderfully keen analysis of the movements of man's mind and heart.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In these tracts and in the Second of the Second , St. Thomas, following Aristotle , gives a perfect description and a wonderfully keen analysis of the movements of man's mind and heart .
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^ In these tracts and in the Second of the Second, St. Thomas, following Aristotle, gives a perfect description and a wonderfully keen analysis of the movements of man's mind and heart.
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.
  • The human acts, i.e., the virtues and vices, in particular.^ The Second of the Second considers human acts, i.e., the virtues and vices, in particular.
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    ^ Of human acts he treats, first, in general (in all but the first five questions of the I-II), secondly, in particular (in the whole of the II-II).
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    ^ The Second of the Second considers human acts , i.e., the virtues and vices , in particular.
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    In it St. Thomas treats, first, of those things that pertain to all men, no matter what may be their station in life, and, secondly, of those things that pertain to some men only. .Things that pertain to all men are reduced to seven headings: Faith, Hope, and Charity; Prudence, Justice, Fortitude, and Temperance.^ Things that pertain to all men are reduced to seven headings: Faith, Hope, and Charity; Prudence, Justice, Fortitude, and Temperance.
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    ^ Faith has to do with things that are not seen and hope with things that are not at hand.
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    ^ Things that pertain to all men are reduced to seven headings: Faith , Hope , and Charity ; Prudence , Justice , Fortitude , and Temperance .
    • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    Under each title, in order to avoid repetitions, St. Thomas treats not only of the virtue itself, but also of the vices opposed to it, of the commandment to practise it, and of the gift of the Holy Ghost which corresponds to it. Things pertaining to some men only are reduced to three headings: the graces freely given (gratia gratis datae) to certain individuals for the good of the Church, such as the gifts of tongues, of prophecy, of miracles; the active and the contemplative life; the particular states of life, and duties of those who are in different states, especially bishops and religious.
.The Christ and of the benefits which He has conferred upon man, hence three tracts: On the Incarnation, and on what the Saviour did and suffered; On the Sacraments, which were instituted by Christ, and have their efficacy from His merits and sufferings; On Eternal Life, i.e., on the end of the world, the resurrection of bodies, judgment, the punishment of the wicked, the happiness of the just who, through Christ, attain to eternal life in heaven.^ What Christ effects is achieved through the sacraments.
  • Biography of Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tlogical.net [Source type: Original source]

^ But those things that are essential to the Sacrament are instituted by Christ Himself, who is God and man.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas and Sola Scriptura -- Commentary on John 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.bringyou.to [Source type: Original source]

^ The Third Part treats of Christ and of the benefits which He has conferred upon man, hence three tracts: On the Incarnation, and on what the Saviour did and suffered; On the Sacraments, which were instituted by Christ, and have their efficacy from His merits and sufferings; On Eternal Life, i.e., on the end of the world, the resurrection of bodies, judgment, the punishment of the wicked, the happiness of the just who, through Christ, attain to eternal life in heaven.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
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.Eight years were given to the composition of this work, which was begun at Rome, where the Rome, was completed in Paris (1271).^ The Second of the Second, begun in Rome, was completed in Paris (1271).
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Eight years were given to the composition of this work, which was begun at Rome, where the First Part and the First of the Second were written (1265-69).
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Second of the Second , begun in Rome , was completed in Paris (1271).
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

In 1272 St. Thomas went to Naples, where the Peter of Auvergne, by others to Henry of Gorkum. .These attributions are rejected by the editors of the Leonine edition (XI, pp.^ These attributions are rejected by the editors of the Leonine edition (XI, pp.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The editors of the Leonine edition deem worthy of mention those published at Paris in 1617, 1638, and 1648, at Lyons in 1663, 1677, and 1686, and a Roman edition of 1773 (IV, pp.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ (A Gateway Edition: H. Regnery, Chicago, 1954) XI, 45 pp.

viii, xiv, xviii). Mandonnet (op. cit., .153) inclines to the very probable opinion that it was compiled by Father Reginald de Piperno, the saint's faithful companion and secretary.^ Father Reginald de Piperno , the saint's faithful companion and secretary.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Father Reginald de Piperno, the saint's faithful companion and secretary.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He certainly had not studied his dialectics through translations or in the original, but had probably imbibed the spirit of this great philosopher through Saint Augustine and other orthodox Fathers who were his admirers.

.The entire theology of God, of man, and of their mutual relations .^ So admirably is the promised order preserved that, by reference to the beginning of the Tracts and Questions, one can see at a glance what place it occupies in the general plan, which embraces all that can be known through theology of God, of man, and of their mutual relations.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Second Part, On God as He is in the End of man, is sometimes called the Moral Theology of St. Thomas, i.e., his treatise on the end of man and on.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So admirably is the promised order preserved that, by reference to the beginning of the Tracts and Questions, one can see at a glance what place it occupies in the general plan, which embraces all that can be known through theology of God, of man, and of their mutual relations .
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

. . ."The whole Summa is arranged on a uniform plan.^ "The whole Summa is arranged on a uniform plan.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
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.Every subject is introduced as a question, and divided into articles.^ Every subject is introduced as a question, and divided into articles....Each article has also a uniform disposition of parts.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Every subject is introduced as a question, and divided into articles.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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^ Each part is divided into questions, each question into articles.

. . . .Each article has also a uniform disposition of parts.^ Each article has also a uniform disposition of parts.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Every subject is introduced as a question, and divided into articles....Each article has also a uniform disposition of parts.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

.The topic is introduced as an inquiry for discussion, under the term Utrum, whether -- e.g.^ The topic is introduced as an inquiry for discussion, under the term Utrum , whether -- e.g.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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^ The topic is introduced as an inquiry for discussion, under the term Utrum, whethere.g.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The topic is introduced as an inquiry for discussion, under the term Utrum , whether—e.g.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

.Utrum Deus sit? The objections against the proposed thesis are then stated.^ The objections against the proposed thesis are then stated.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Utrum Deus sit?
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
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.These are generally three or four in number, but sometimes extend to seven or more.^ These are generally three or four in number, but sometimes extend to seven or more.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To this St. Thomas replies that various parts of Scripture have four, three, two, or only one of these senses.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas  |  Study Archive @ PreteristArchive.com - The Internet's Only Balanced Look at Preterism 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.preteristarchive.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As for the three specific arguments, his replies are these: (i) It may be that there is implanted in us a general and confused sense of God.
  • Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC brindedcow.umd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The conclusion adopted is then introduced by the words, Respondeo dicendum.^ The conclusion adopted is then introduced by the words, Respondeo dicendum.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The conclusion adopted is then introduced by the words, Respondeo dicendum .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.At the end of the thesis expounded the objections are answered, under the forms, ad primum, ad secundum, etc."^ At the end of the thesis expounded the objections are answered, under the forms, ad primum, ad secundum, etc."
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the end of the thesis expounded the objections are answered, under the forms, ad primum, ad secundum , etc."
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Reply to Objection 3: As stated above (Question [23], Article [4], ad 2) every power, art or virtue that regards the end, has to dispose that which is directed to the end.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas, On War 11 September 2009 0:20 UTC ethics.sandiego.edu [Source type: Original source]

. . . . .The Christian doctrine in scientific form; it is human reason rendering its highest service in defence and explanation of the truths of the Christian religion.^ The "Summa" is Christian doctrine in scientific form; it is human reason rendering its highest service in defense and explanation of the truths of the Christian religion.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The "Summa" is Christian doctrine in scientific form; it is human reason rendering its highest service in defence and explanation of the truths of the Christian religion.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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^ The next step was to press reason into the service of the Faith, by putting Christian doctrine into scientific form.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It is the answer of the matured and saintly doctor to the question of his youth: What is God?^ It is the answer of the matured and saintly doctor to the question of his youth: What is God?
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It is the answer of the matured and saintly doctor to the question of his youth: What is God ?
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And, because science cannot answer every question is hardly a proof for pixies, ghosts or a god.
  • Top 15 Quotes of Thomas Aquinas - Listverse 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

.Revelation, made known in the Scriptures and by tradition; reason and its best results; soundness and fulness of doctrine, order, conciseness and clearness of expression, effacement of self, the love of truth alone, hence a remarkable fairness towards adversaries and calmness in combating their errors; soberness and soundness of judgment, together with a charmingly tender and enlightened piety -- these are all found in this Scholastic doctors, the chief and master of all, towers Thomas Aquinas, who, as Cajetan observes (In 2am 2ae, Q. 148, a.^ Revelation, made known in the Scriptures and by tradition; reason and its best results; soundness and fulness of doctrine, order, conciseness and clearness of expression, effacement of self, the love of truth alone, hence a remarkable fairness towards adversaries and calmness in combating their errors; soberness and soundness of judgment, together with a charmingly tender and enlightened pietythese are all found in this "Summa" more than in his other writings, more than in the writings of his contemporaries, for "among the scholastic doctors, the chief and master of all, towers Thomas Aquinas, who, as Cajetan observes (In 2am 2ae, Q. 148, a.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Revelation, made known in the Scriptures and by tradition; reason and its best results; soundness and fullness of doctrine, order, conciseness and clearness of expression, effacement of self, the love of truth alone, hence a remarkable fairness towards adversaries and calmness in combating their errors; soberness and soundness of judgment, together with a charmingly tender and enlightened piety—these are all found in this "Summa" more than in his other writings, more than in the writings of his contemporaries, for "among the scholastic doctors, the chief and master of all, towers Thomas Aquinas, who, as Cajetan observes (In 2am 2ae, Q. 148, a.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Are not all these scriptural?
  • Aquinas & Sacred Scripture 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

4) 'because he most venerated the ancient doctors of the Church in a certain way seems to have inherited the intellect of all'" (Encyclical, [[�terni Patris (Catholic Encyclopedia)|"Aeterni Patris"]], of Leo XIII).
(b) Editions and Translations
.It is impossible to mention the various editions of the Basle in 1485, was soon followed by others, e.g., at Venice in 1505, 1509, 1588, 1594; at Lyons in 1520, 1541, 1547, 1548, 1581, 1588, 1624,1655; at Antwerp in 1575. These are enumerated by Touron (op.^ The first complete edition, printed at Basle in 1485, was soon followed by others, e.g., at Venice in 1505, 1509, 1588, 1594; at Lyons in 1520, 1541, 1547, 1548, 1581, 1588, 1624, 1655; at Antwerp in 1575.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first complete edition, printed at Basle in 1485, was soon followed by others, e.g., at Venice in 1505, 1509, 1588, 1594; at Lyons in 1520, 1541, 1547, 1548, 1581, 1588, 1624,1655; at Antwerp in 1575.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ These are enumerated by Touron (op.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

cit., p. .692), who says that about the same time other editions were published at Rome, Antwerp, Rouen, Paris, Douai, Cologne, Amsterdam, Bologna, etc.^ Thus arose the University of Paris at the close of the twelfth century, or about the beginning of the thirteenth, soon followed in different parts of Europe by other universities, the most distinguished of which were those of Oxford, Bologna, Padua, and Salamanca.

^ After spending time in Rome and Viterbo, Aquinas went back to Paris in 1269, where he stayed until 1272.
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^ He assigns the same reason in the case of certain holy women, who at the time of persecution took their own lives, and who are commemorated by the Church.
  • Thomas Aquinas: Murder 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.lonang.com [Source type: Original source]

.The editors of the Leonine edition deem worthy of mention those published at Paris in 1617, 1638, and 1648, at Lyons in 1663, 1677, and 1686, and a Roman edition of 1773 (IV, pp.^ The editors of the Leonine edition deem worthy of mention those published at Paris in 1617, 1638, and 1648, at Lyons in 1663, 1677, and 1686, and a Roman edition of 1773 (IV, pp.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ These attributions are rejected by the editors of the Leonine edition (XI, pp.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The latter has been published, being volumes IV-XII of the edition (last in 1906).
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

xi, xii). .Of all old editions they consider the most accurate two published at Padua, one in 1698, the other in 1712, and the Venice edition of 1755. Of recent editions the best are the following: the Leonine; the Migne editions (Paris, 1841, 1877); the first volume of the 1841 edition containing the "Libri quatuor sententiarum" of Peter Lombard; the very practical Faucher edition (5 vols.^ Of recent editions the best are the following: the Leonine; the Migne editions (Paris, 1841, 1877); the first volume of the 1841 edition containing the "Libri quatuor sententiarum" of Peter Lombard ; the very practical Faucher edition (5 vols.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Of recent editions the best are the -- following: the Leonine; the Migne editions (Paris 1841, 1877); the first volume of the 1841 edition containing the "Libri quatuor sententiarum" of Peter Lombard; the very practical Faucher edition (5 vols.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Of all old editions they consider the most accurate two published at Padua , one in 1698, the other in 1712, and the Venice edition of 1755.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

small quarto, .Paris, 1887), dedicated to Cardinal Pecci, enriched with valuable notes; a Roman edition of 1894. The Aristotelean, Platonic, and Socratic; it is inductive and deductive; it is analytic and synthetic.^ It is Aristotelean , Platonic , and Socratic ; it is inductive and deductive ; it is analytic and synthetic.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Paris, 1887), dedicated to Cardinal Pecci, enriched with valuable notes; a Roman edition of 1894.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It is Aristotelean, Platonic, and Socratic; it is inductive and deductive; it is analytic and synthetic.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.He chose the best that could he found in those who preceded him, carefully sifting the chaff from the wheat, approving what was true, rejecting the false.^ He chose the best that could be found in those who preceded him, carefully sifting the chaff from the wheat, approving what was true, rejecting the false.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He chose the best that could he find in those who preceded him, carefully sifting the chaff from the wheat, approving what was true , rejecting the false .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He strongly opposed the Latin Averroists who claimed that something can be true in natural knowledge and false for belief and vice versa.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/txc/thomism.htm 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.His powers of synthesis were extraordinary.^ His powers of synthesis were extraordinary.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

No writer surpassed him in the faculty of expressing in a few well-chosen words the truth gathered from a multitude of varying and conflicting opinions; and in almost every instance the student sees the truth and is perfectly satisfied with St. Thomas's summary and statement. .Not that he would have students swear by the words of a master.^ Not that he would have students swear by the words of a master.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For that reason the beginner in theology would listen to older students and the master (professor).
  • Thomas Aquinas: Commentary on the Gospel of John 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.op-stjoseph.org [Source type: Original source]

.In philosophy, he says, arguments from authority are of secondary importance; philosophy does not consist in knowing what men have said, but in knowing the truth (In I lib.^ In philosophy, he says, arguments from authority are of secondary importance; philosophy does not consist in knowing what men have said, but in knowing the truth (In I lib.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So, while on the basis of effect to cause arguments we can say that God is just, wise, good, perfect, and so on, we do not know what it is for God to be just, wise, good, and perfect.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The teacher looks not only at the truth of things; at the same time he looks at the faces of living men who desire to know this truth.
  • SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS by Jospeh Pieper 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.opthird.com [Source type: Original source]

de Coelo, lect. xxii; .II Sent., D. xiv, a.^ II Sent., D. xiv, a.
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

2, ad 1um). He assigns its proper place to reason used in theology (see below: Influence of St. Thomas), but he keeps it within its own sphere. Against the Traditionalists the Holy See has declared that the method used by St. Thomas and St. Bonaventure does not lead to Rationalism (Denzinger-Bannwart, n. 1652). .Not so bold or original in investigating nature as were Albertus Magnus and Roger Bacon, he was, nevertheless, abreast of his time in science, and many of his opinions are of scientific value in the twentieth century.^ Not so bold or original in investigating nature as were Albertus Magnus and Roger Bacon, he was, nevertheless, abreast of his time in science, and many of his opinions are of scientific value in the twentieth century.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Not so bold or original in investigating nature as were Albertus Magnus and Roger Bacon , he was, nevertheless, abreast of his time in science , and many of his opinions are of scientific value in the twentieth century.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They are very valuable, because in them the author, free from limitations as to time or space, freely expresses his mind and gives all arguments for or against the opinions adopted.
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Take, for instance, the following: "In the same plant there is the two-fold virtue, active and passive, though sometimes the active is found in one and the passive in another, so that one plant is said to be masculine and the other feminine" (3 Sent., D. III, Q. ii, a 1).^ Take, for instance, the following: "In the same plant there is the two-fold virtue, active and passive, though sometimes the active is found in one and the passive in another, so that one plant is said to be masculine and the other feminine" (3 Sent., D. III, Q. ii, a 1.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
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^ One accuses the other of taking it.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.seop.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Take, for instance, the following: "In the same plant there is the two-fold virtue, active and passive, though sometimes the active is found in one and the passive in another, so that one plant is said to be masculine and the other feminine" (3 Sent., D. III, Q. ii, a 1.For other examples see Conway, O.P., op.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

The style of St. Thomas is a medium between the rough expressiveness of some Scholastics and the fastidious elegance of John of Salisbury; it is remarkable for accuracy, brevity, and completeness. Pope Innocent VI (quoted in the Encyclical, [[�terni Patris (Catholic Encyclopedia)|"Aeterni Patris"]], of Leo XIII) declared that, with the exception of the canonical writings, the works of St. Thomas surpass all others in "accuracy of expression and truth of statement" (habet proprietatem verborum, modum dicendorum, veritatem sententiarum). Great orators, such as [[Bossuet, Jacques-B�nigne (Catholic Encyclopedia)|Bossuet]], Lacordaire, [[Monsabr�, Jacques-Marie-Louis (Catholic Encyclopedia)|Monsabré]], have studied his style, and have been influenced by it, but they could not reproduce it. .The same is true of theological writers.^ The same is true of theological writers.
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Cajetan knew St. Thomas's style better than any of his disciples, but Cajetan is beneath his great master in clearness and accuracy of expression, in soberness and solidity of judgment. St. Thomas did not attain to this perfection without an effort. .He was a singularly blessed genius, but he was also an indefatigable worker, and by continued application he reached that stage of perfection in the art of writing where the art disappears.^ He was a singularly blessed genius, but he was also an indefatigable worker, and by continued application he reached that stage of perfection in the art of writing where the art disappears.
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."The author's manuscript of the Summa Contra Gentiles is still in great part extant.^ Summa contra gentiles .
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography 16 September 2009 1:55 UTC www.home.duq.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ "The author's manuscript of the Summa Contra Gentiles is still in great part extant.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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^ At this time he completed his Summa contra gentiles .
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.It is now in the Vatican Library.^ It is now in the Vatican Library .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is now in the Vatican Library.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
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.The manuscript consists of strips of parchment, of various shades of colour, contained in an old parchment cover to which they were originally stitched.^ The manuscript consists of strips of parchment, of various shades of color, contained in an old parchment cover to which they were originally stitched.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The manuscript consists of strips of parchment, of various shades of colour, contained in an old parchment cover to which they were originally stitched.
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.The writing is in double column, and difficult to decipher, abounding in abbreviations, often passing into a kind of shorthand.^ The writing is in double column, and difficult to decipher, abounding in abbreviations, often passing into a kind of shorthand.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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.Throughout many passages a line is drawn in sign of erasure" (Rickaby, Op.^ Throughout many passages a line is drawn in sign of erasure" (Rickaby, op.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Throughout many passages a line is drawn in sign of erasure" (Rickaby, Op.
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cit., preface: see .Ucelli ed., "Sum.^ Ucelli ed., "Sum.
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cont. gent.", Rome, 1878).
III. INFLUENCES EXERTED ON ST. THOMAS
.How was this great genius formed?^ How was this great genius formed?
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

The causes that exerted an influence on St. Thomas were of two kinds, natural and supernatural.
A. Natural Causes
.(1) As a foundation, he "was a witty child, and had received a good soul" (Wisdom 8:19).^ As a foundation, he "was a witty child, and had received a good soul" (Wis., viii, 19).
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  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ As a foundation, he "was a witty child, and had received a good soul " ( Wisdom 8:19 ).
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.From the beginning he manifested precocious and extraordinary talent and thoughtfulness beyond his years.^ From the beginning he manifested precocious and extraordinary talent and thoughtfulness beyond his years.
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.(2) His education was such that great things might have been expected of him.^ His education was such that great things might have been expected of him.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
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^ If divine things were described in terms of noble bodies, such a mistake might be made, particularly by those who can things of nothing nobler than a body.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Aquinas: Theology and God 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]
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^ Joyner might need a year before he is "shutdown shutdown", but I still expect him to contribute his first year at FSU. .
  • Ft. Lauderdale (FL) St. Thomas Aquinas Defensive Back Lamarcus Joyner commits to the Florida State Seminoles - Tomahawk Nation 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.tomahawknation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His training at Monte Cassino, at Naples, Paris, and Cologne was the best that the thirteenth century could give, and that century was the golden age of education.^ His training at Monte Cassino, at Naples, Paris, and Cologne was the best that the thirteenth century could give, and that century was the golden age of education.
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^ His training at Monte Cassino , at Naples , Paris , and Cologne was the best that the thirteenth century could give, and that century was the golden age of education .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the age of five, according to the custom of the times, he was sent to receive his first training from the Benedictine monks of Monte Cassino.
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That it afforded excellent opportunities for forming great philosophers and theologians is evident from the character of St. Thomas's contemporaries. Alexander of Hales, Albertus Magnus, St. Bonaventure, [[Raymond of Pe�afort, Saint (Catholic Encyclopedia)|St. .Raymond of Pennafort]], Roger Bacon, Hugo a S. Charo, Vincent of Beauvais, not to mention scores of others, prove beyond all doubt that those were days of really great scholars.^ Alexander of Hales , Albertus Magnus , St. Bonaventure , St. Raymond of Pennafort , Roger Bacon , Hugo a S. Charo , Vincent of Beauvais , not to mention scores of others, prove beyond all doubt that those were days of really great scholars.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Alexander of Hales, Albertus Magnus, St. Bonaventure, St. Raymond of Pennafort, Roger Bacon, Hugo a S. Charo, Vincent of Beauvais, not to mention scores of others, prove beyond all doubt that those were days of really great scholars.
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^ This principle was reduced to practice: St. Thomas, Blessed Albertus Magnus, Roger Bacon, and others "gave large attention to the knowledge of natural things" (ibid., p.
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(See Walsh, "The Thirteenth, Greatest of Centuries", New York, 1907.) The men who trained St. Thomas were his teachers at Monte Cassino and Naples, but above all Albertus Magnus, under whom he studied at Paris and Cologne.
(3) The books that exercised the greatest influence on his mind were the Bible, the Decrees of the councils and of the popes, the works of the Fathers, Greek and Latin, especially of St. Augustine, the "Sentences" of Peter Lombard, the writings of the philosophers, especially of Plato, Aristotle, and Boethius. If from these authors any were to be selected for special mention, undoubtedly they would be Aristotle, St. Augustine, and Peter Lombard. In another sense the writings of St. Thomas were influenced by Averroes, the chief opponent whom he had to combat in order to defend and make known the true Aristotle.
(4) It must be borne in mind that St. Thomas was blessed with a retentive memory and great powers of penetration. .Father Daniel d'Agusta once pressed him to say what he considered the greatest grace he had ever received, sanctifying grace of course excepted.^ Father Daniel d'Agusta once pressed him to say what he considered the greatest grace he had ever received, sanctifying grace of course excepted.
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^ That which is considered greatest in any genus is the cause of everything is that genus, just as fire, the hottest thing, is the cause of all hot things, as Aristotle says.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Aquinas: Theology and God 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.braungardt.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Likewise, one could say that form is made finite by matter, "inasmuch as form, considered in itself, is common to many; but when received in matter, the form is determined to this one particular thing."
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.abu.nb.ca [Source type: Original source]

."I think that of having understood whatever I have read", was the reply.^ "I think that of having understood whatever I have read", was the reply.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

St. Antoninus declared that "he remembered everything be had read, so that his mind was like a huge library" (cf. Drane, op. cit., p. 427; Vaughan, op. cit., II, p. 567). .The bare enumeration of the texts of Scripture cited in the Migne edition, and by many it is not unreasonably supposed that he learned the Sacred Books by heart while he was imprisoned in the Castle of San Giovanni.^ The bare enumeration of the texts of Scripture cited in the "Summa theologica" fills eighty small-print columns in the Migne edition, and by many it is not unreasonably supposed that he learned the Sacred Books by heart while he was imprisoned in the Castle of San Giovanni.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The day will soon come when the principal chair in the theological school will be for the explanation of the Scripture texts on which dogmas are based; and for this, great learning and scholarship will be indispensable.

^ When Thomas was held prisoner in the isolation of the castle of San Giovanni, his brothers had tried in various ways to turn him from his decision to become a mendicant friar.
  • SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS by Jospeh Pieper 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.opthird.com [Source type: Original source]

Like St. Dominic he had a special love for the Epistles of St. Paul, on which he wrote commentaries (recent edition in 2 vols., Turin, 1891).
.(5) Deep reverence for the Faith, as made known by tradition, characterizes all his writings.^ Deep reverence for the Faith , as made known by tradition , characterizes all his writings.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deep reverence for the Faith, as made known by tradition, characterizes all his writings.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Before this section is closed mention should be made of two books widely known and highly esteemed, which were inspired by and drawn from the writings of St. Thomas.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

.The consuetudo ecclesiae -- the practice of the Church -- should prevail over the authority of any doctor (councils, 41 popes, and 52 Fathers of the Church.^ The consuetudo ecclesioe— the practice of the Church—should prevail over the authority of any doctor (II—II, Q. x.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The consuetudo ecclesiaethe practice of the Churchshould prevail over the authority of any doctor (II-II, Q. x.
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the "Summa" he quotes from 19 councils , 41 popes , and 52 Fathers of the Church .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

A slight acquaintance with his writings will show that among the Fathers his favourite was St. Augustine (on the Greek Fathers see Vaughan, op. cit., II, cc. iii sqq.).
(6) With St. Augustine (II De doctr. Christ., c. xl), St. Thomas held that whatever there was of truth in the writings of pagan philosophers should be taken from them, as from "unjust possessors", and adapted to the teaching of the true religion (philosophers and poets, his favourite authors being Aristotle, Plato, and, among Christian writers, Boethius. .From Aristotle he learned that love of order and accuracy of expression which are characteristic of his own works.^ From Aristotle he learned that love of order and accuracy of expression which are characteristic of his own works.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He wrote defenses of the mendicant orders, commentaries on Aristotle and Lombard's Sentences, and some bible-related works, usually by dictating to secretaries.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas - The Story of the Dumb Ox at Aquinas and More Catholic Gifts 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.aquinasandmore.com [Source type: General]

^ From Boethius he learned that Aristotle's works could be used without detriment to Christianity.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas, Saint - Original Catholic Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC oce.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www2.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.From Boethius he learned that Aristotle's works could be used without detriment to Christianity.^ From Boethius he learned that Aristotle's works could be used without detriment to Christianity .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Thomas Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From Boethius he learned that Aristotle's works could be used without detriment to Christianity.
  • Jacques Maritain Center: CE - Aquinas 14 January 2010 17:34 UTC