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The Right Honourable
 The Earl of Haddington 
KT, PC

In office
1 January 1835 – 8 April 1835
Monarch William IV
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by The Marquess Wellesley
Succeeded by The Earl of Mulgrave

In office
6 September 1841 – 8 January 1846
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by The Earl of Minto
Succeeded by The Earl of Ellenborough

Born 21 June 1780 (1780-06-21)
Died 1 December 1858 (1859-01)
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) Lady Maria Parker
(d. 1861)
Alma mater University of Edinburgh
Christ Church, Oxford

Thomas Hamilton, 9th Earl of Haddington KT PC (21 June 1780 – 1 December 1858), known as Lord Binning from 1794 to 1828, was a British Conservative politician and statesman.

Contents

Background and education

Lord Haddington was the only son of Charles Hamilton, 8th Earl of Haddington and Lady Sophia, daughter of John Hope, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun. He was educated at Edinburgh University and Christ Church, Oxford.

Political career

At the beginning of the 19th century, Lord Haddington was a supporter of George Canning. He was elected as a Member of Parliament for St Germans in 1802, but did not stand for re-election in 1806. He served sporadically in the House of Commons until 1827 when he was elevated to the House of Lords by the new Prime Minister, George Canning, who had him created Baron Melros, of Tynninghame in the County of Haddington, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He had previously been created a Privy Counsellor in 1814 and in 1828 he succeeded to his family's Scottish earldom.

Lord Haddington went onto vote against the Reform Bill in 1831, but later changed his mind and voted for it in 1832, possibly due to the political crises surrounding its passage. Upon the rise of Sir Robert Peel to the premiership in 1834, Lord Haddington was made Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, however the government collapsed within six months, and the Whigs were once again in power. Lord Haddington was able to return to government in 1841 with the return of Sir Robert Peel to the premiership - he declined the post of Governor General of India, instead opting to become First Lord of the Admiralty and a member of the Cabinet. He held that post until January 1846 when he was shuffled to become Lord Privy Seal, a post he held until the death of the government in July.

Family

Lord Haddington married Lady Maria Parker, heir of George Parker, 4th Earl of Macclesfield, in 1802. They had no surviving children and the Earl died in December 1858, aged 78. On his death the barony of Melros became extinct while he was succeeded in the remaining titles by his second cousin, George Baillie-Hamilton. Lady Haddington died in 1861.

References

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lord Grey
Hon. William Eliot
Member of Parliament for St Germans
1802–1806
Served alongside: James Langham
Succeeded by
Sir Joseph Yorke
Matthew Montagu
Preceded by
James Graham
John Lowther
Member of Parliament for Cockermouth
1807
Served alongside: James Graham
Succeeded by
James Graham
John Lowther
Preceded by
William Wickham
William Garrow
Member of Parliament for Callington
1807–1812
Served alongside: Thomas Carter 1807-1810
William Stephen Poyntz 1810-1812
Succeeded by
William Stephen Poyntz
Sir John Rogers, Bt
Preceded by
Charles Trelawny-Brereton
Hon. Edward Law
Member of Parliament for Mitchell (or St Michael's)
1814–1818
Served alongside: Hon. Edward Law
Succeeded by
Sir George Staunton, Bt
William Leake
Preceded by
James Barnett
Sir Thomas Thompson, Bt
Member of Parliament for Rochester
1818–1826
Served alongside: James Barnett 1818-1820
Ralph Bernal 1820-1826
Succeeded by
Ralph Bernal
Henry Dundas
Preceded by
Sir Peter Pole, Bt
Theodore Broadhead
Member of Parliament for Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)
1826–1827
Served alongside: Joseph Phillimore
Succeeded by
Joseph Phillimore
Thomas Wallace
Political offices
Preceded by
The Marquess Wellesley
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1834–1835
Succeeded by
The Earl of Mulgrave
Preceded by
The Earl of Minto
First Lord of the Admiralty
1841–1846
Succeeded by
The Earl of Ellenborough
Preceded by
The Duke of Buccleuch
Lord Privy Seal
1846
Succeeded by
The Earl of Minto
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Charles Hamilton
Earl of Haddington
1828–1858
Succeeded by
George Baillie-Hamilton
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Melros
1827–1858
Succeeded by
Title Extinct
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