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Sir Thomas (de) Hungerford (c. 1330–3 December 1397) was the first person to be recorded in the rolls of the Parliament of England as holding the (pre-existing) office of Speaker of the House of Commons.[1]


Sir Thomas was the son of Thomas Hungerford and Elizabeth Fitzjohn and was born in Farleigh in Somerset.

In 1355, he became sheriff and escheator for Wiltshire. He also served as steward of the household of John of Gaunt and bailiff (Bishop's Bailiff of New Sarum) for the Bishop of Salisbury.

Hungerford bought Farliegh Monford house in Somerset in 1369 and transformed it into Farleigh Hungerford Castle.

He was knighted in 1377 and became Speaker of the "Bad Parliament" through the patronage of his friend John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster.

He married in 1376 Joan Hussey, with whom he had seven children, Grace de Hungerford, Ralph, Robert, Peter, Thomas, John and Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford who would also serve as Speaker of the House of Commons.


  1. ^ Journal of the House of Commons: January 1559
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Peter de la Mare
Speaker of the House of Commons
Succeeded by
Sir James Pickering

Thomas Hungerford may refer to:

  • Sir Thomas Hungerford (Speaker) (d. 1398), the first person to be recorded in the rolls of the Parliament of England as holding the (pre-existing) office of Speaker of the House of Commons.
  • Sir Thomas Hungerford of Rowden (d. 1469), the eldest son of Robert Hungerford, 3rd Baron Hungerford, lived chiefly at Rowden, near Chippenham. After giving some support to Edward IV and the Yorkists he joined in Warwick's conspiracy to restore Henry VI in 1469, was attainted, and was executed at Salisbury. He was buried in the chapel of Farleigh Castle
See also
  • Tom Hungerford (born 1915), popularly known as T. A. G. Hungerford is an Australian writer noted for his World War II novel The Ridge and the River and his short stories that chronicle growing up in South Perth in Western Australia during the Great Depression.


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