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The Right Honourable
 The Lord Monteagle of Brandon 
PC FRS


In office
18 April 1835 – 26 August 1839
Monarch William IV
Victoria
Prime Minister The Viscount Melbourne
Preceded by Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Succeeded by Francis Baring

Born 8 February 1790 (2010-01-11T05:28:04)
Died 17 February 1866 (2010-01-11T05:28:05)
Nationality British
Political party Whig
Spouse(s) (1) Lady Theodosia Pery
(d. 1839)
(2) Marianne Marshall
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

Thomas Spring Rice, 1st Baron Monteagle of Brandon, PC, FRS (8 February 1790-7 February 1866) was a British Whig politician. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1835 to 1839.

Contents

Background

Spring Rice was the son of Stephen Edward Rice of Mount Trenchard, County Limerick, and Catherine Spring, a descendant of the Spring Baronets[1]. Sir Stephen Rice (1637-1715), chief baron of the Irish exchequer and a leading Jacobite, was his ancestor. Spring Rice was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and later studied law at Lincoln's Inn, but was not called to the Bar.[2]

Political career

He was elected to Parliament for Limerick City in 1820, and then sat for Cambridge from 1832 to 1839. He was Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department under George Canning and Lord Goderich in 1827 and then served as joint Secretary to the Treasury from 1830 to 1834 under Lord Grey. In June 1834 Grey appointed Spring Rice Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, with a seat in the cabinet, a post he retained when Lord Melbourne became Prime Minister in July. The Whig government fell in November 1834, but returned to office under Melbourne already in April the following year. Spring Rice was made Chancellor of the Exchequer, a post he held until 1839. However, he was disappointed in not being elected Speaker of the House of Commons in 1835 and 1838, when the office was vacant. In 1839 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Monteagle of Brandon, in the County of Kerry, a title intended earlier for his ancestor Sir Stephen Rice. Lord Monteagle of Brandon was also Comptroller of the Exchequer from 1835 to 1865. He differed from the government as regards the exchequer control over the treasury, and the abolition of the old exchequer was already determined upon when he died.

Spring Rice was a dogmatic figure, described by Lord Melbourne as "too much given to details and possessed of no broad views".[3]

Family

Lord Monteagle of Brandon was married twice. He married firstly Theodosia, daughter of Edmund Pery, 1st Earl of Limerick, in 1811. They had five sons and three daughters. After his first wife's death in 1839 he married secondly Marianne, daughter of John Marshall, in 1841. Lord Monteagle of Brandon died in February 1866, aged 75. He was succeeded in the barony by his grandson Thomas Spring Rice, the son of his eldest son Hon. Stephen Edmund Spring Rice (1814-1865). Lord Monteagle of Brandon's second son Hon. Thomas William Spring Rice was the father of the diplomat Sir Cecil Spring Rice, British Ambassador to the United States from 1912 to 1918. A monument still stands today in the People's Park in Limerick, in honour of Spring Rice, who was well regarded locally. His statue adorns a tall column at the centre of a public park.

References

  1. ^ Read this book A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies by John Burke
  2. ^ Spring Rice, Thomas in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
  3. ^ Dictionary of National Biography - Spring Rice
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Hon. John Vereker
Member of Parliament for Limerick
1820 – 1832
Succeeded by
William Roche
David Roche
(representation increased to two members 1832)
Preceded by
Frederick William Trench
The Marquess of Graham
Member of Parliament for Cambridge
1832 – 1839
With: George Pryme
Succeeded by
George Pryme
John Manners-Sutton
Political offices
Preceded by
Spencer Perceval
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1827
Succeeded by
William Yates Peel
Preceded by
Joseph Planta
Joint Secretary to the Treasury
1830 – 1834
Succeeded by
Francis Baring
Preceded by
Lord Stanley
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
1834
Succeeded by
The Earl of Aberdeen
Preceded by
Sir Robert Peel, Bt.
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1835 – 1839
Succeeded by
Francis Baring
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Monteagle of Brandon
1839 – 1866
Succeeded by
Thomas Spring Rice
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