The Full Wiki

More info on Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thomas of Brotherton
Coat of arms of Thomas, Earl of Norfolk
Earl of Norfolk
Successor Margaret Plantagenet, 2nd Countess and Duchess of Norfolk
Spouse Alice Hayles
m. 1319; dec. 1330
Mary Braose
m. 1335; wid. 1338
Issue
Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk
Alice of Norfolk
Father Edward I Longshanks, King of England
Mother Marguerite of France
Born 1 June 1300(1300-06-01)
The manor house, Brotherton
Died 4 August 1338 (aged 38)
Burial The abbey, Bury St. Edmunds

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1 June 1300 – 4 August 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Marguerite of France. Thomas was born at the Manor House in Brotherton. His mother was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour. He was born in the main house, later demolished due to disrepair in the 1930s, although the new (17th Century) wing still exists. He was named in honour of St. Thomas.

His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas' half-brother, Edward, became king of England. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When he was 10 years old, his brother Edward II of England assigned him and another brother, Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heir in 1306.

In 1312 he was titled, "Earl of Norfolk" and on 10 February 1316 he was created Marshal of England. When his brother went to Scotland in the war, he was left Keeper of England. Thomas was known for having a hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of Hugh the younger Despenser, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers.

He married first, probably in 1319, Alice Hayles, daughter of Sir Roger Hayles and Alice Skogan. She was supposed to have been a great beauty. Her father was the coroner of Norfolk, a title that held a different meaning in the 14th century than it does today; his post demanded that he collect and protect revenues for the king. Thomas and Alice had two children:

  1. Edward of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1334)
  2. Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (c. 1320 - 1399)

Alice Hayles died in 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex. Thomas was married again c. 28 March 1335 to Mary Braose, widow of Ralph de Cobham, Lord Cobham. They had one daughter, Alice of Norfolk (1324 - 1352). He died in September 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas' descent passed to the Mowbray family and ultimately the Howard Dukes of Norfolk, from whom descended two of the wives of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Advertisements

Arms

As Earl of Norfolk, Thomas had use of the coat of arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points.[1]

References

  1. ^ Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family

Mortimer, Ian. The Greatest Traitor, 2003.

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk
Born: 1 June 1300 Died: 4 August 1338
English royalty
Preceded by
Edward of Carnarvon,
Prince of Wales
Heir to the English Throne
as heir presumptive

7 July 1307 – 13 November 1312
Succeeded by
Edward of Windsor,
Earl of Chester
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Segrave
Lord Marshal
1315–1338
Succeeded by
The Countess of Norfolk
Peerage of England
New creation Earl of Norfolk
1312–1338
Succeeded by
Margaret Plantagenet, 2nd Countess and Duchess

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message