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Thomsen disease
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 G71.1
ICD-9 359.2
OMIM 160800
DiseasesDB 8736
MeSH D009224

Thomsen disease, a form of Myotonia congenita, is a muscular genetic disorder characterized by muscle stiffness (cramp) and an inability of the muscle to relax after a voluntary contraction. The affected muscle functions normally after a few repetitions.

Contents

Causes

It is associated with mutations in the chloride channel gene CLCN1.

Presentation

The disorder only affects voluntary muscles, so involuntary muscles such as the heart or muscles involved in the digestion process are not affected.

Treatment and prognosis

There is no known cure but some drugs may relieve symptoms. These include: Dilantin, Procainamide, Phenytoin and Mexiletine.

The disease is not fatal.

History

Julius Thomsen, a Danish physician, was the first to describe the disease, citing symptoms of his own family members.

External links

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