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Thomson Financial's standard league tables are rankings of investment banks in terms of the dollar volume of deals they work on. New standard league table sessions in compliance with 2004 league table criteria for Debt, Equity, Syndicated loan, Project Finance and M&A are currently available. Notice that this is revenue and dollar volume of securities issued (in underwriting) or transaction size (in M&A), not profitability.

Contents

Usage

League tables are used in two contexts: either in promotional materials or client pitches produced by an investment bank, or tabulated by a financial information tool, such as mergermarket, Dealogic, Thomson Financial or Bloomberg.

When used in bank-produced materials, the company is always in control of deciding how to tabulate each table and which ones to show to customers. Banks naturally never show unflattering league tables, so one rarely sees league tables where the firm is not in the top 3. Banks seeking to enter a new space may show two tables side by side from the previous and the current year to show how they have improved. As mentioned above, the details of how each table was calculated are essential to understanding how much these tables have been tweaked.

Growing concerns about credibility of league tables have led some banks to use actual screenshots of Bloomberg's league tables in their materials to emphasize that no tweaks were used to manipulate the ranking. The selection bias of only showing the favorable rankings still holds however. In order to get the most complete information, one should access leagues tables on Bloomberg, Thomson Financial, or any other reputable source (they all rely on a third-party database that actually stores information on all announced deals or collect the data themselves for deal related information). For convenience, most common league tables are reproduced below for recent years.

Criticisms

League tables are important for classifying investment banks by their area of expertise, but are a very imprecise way of ranking investment banks within broad categories. League tables give equal credit to all investment banks involved with a transaction, even if one of them collected the bulk of the fees, was hired first, and had more responsibility. With the emergence of financial supermarkets and stapled finance, companies are often accused of tacitly doling out league table credit to banks to secure better terms on the financing for the transaction.

Most damaging to the tables' credibility, however, has been the way league tables are tabulated and used in investment bank pitches to clients and prospective hires. Exploiting the fact that there's no "industry standard" in calculating league tables, bankers instruct their analysts to tweak the way the tables are tabulated to make the home institution appear higher in the tables, ideally in the top 3. Most common tweaks include counting or excluding announced but uncompleted deals, deals smaller than a certain size, deals in a given geographic area, the date range, and so on. These details are usually listed at the bottom of each table, and should always be scrutinized.

Debt and equity

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2004

Underwriting Leaders 1 January 2004 - 31 December 2004 (based on $ value)
Market Sector # 1 Ranked Bookrunner Proceeds
($ million)
Market
Share (%)
Number
of issues
Market size
($ million)
Market
issues
Stock & Bonds
Global Debt, Equity & Equity-related Citigroup 534,486.2 9.4 1,892 5,693,011.6 20,066
Global Disclosed Fees Citigroup 1,717.4 11.1 724 15,400.6 6,890
Stocks
Global Equity & Equity-related Morgan Stanley 54,268.7 10.7 184 505,098.9 3,628
Global Convertible Offerings Morgan Stanley 10,483.1 10.7 46 98,436.4 469
Global Common Stock- U.S. Issuers Morgan Stanley 20,084.9 15.5 83 129,603.5 767
Global Initial Public Offerings - U.S. Issuers Morgan Stanley 7,322.1 16.3 21 44,867.7 233
EMEA Equity & Equity-related Morgan Stanley 17,739.3 9.4 35 189,471.4 955
EMEA Convertible Offerings Deutsche Bank 2,290.9 11.4 6 20,187.3 80
EMEA Common Stock Morgan Stanley 16,336.7 9.7 29 168,595.5 872
EMEA Initial Public Offerings CSFB 3,976.6 10.3 12 38,597.9 306
Bonds
Global Debt incl. MBS, ABS & U.S. Tax Munis Citigroup 486,758.6 9.4 1,620 5,187,013.8 16,439
All International Bonds Citigroup 202,957.9 8.3 531 2,433,995.2 5,068
All International Bonds in Euros Deutsche Bank 80,355.5 7.8 303 1,025,579.6 2,529
Global High Yield Corporate Debt Citigroup 23,505.9 14.4 124 163,213.4 606
US Investment Grade Citigroup 138,874.2 20.2 526 688,639.2 1,845
All US Federal Credit Agency Debt Merrill Lynch 96,512.0 11.2 721 861,750.8 10,606
US Mortgage-backed securities Bear Stearns & Co. Inc. 90,073.8 12.4 130 729,306.4 1,121
US Asset-backed securities Citigroup 82,962.3 9.7 177 856,713.0 1,595
All International Structured finance Citigroup 31,470.5 10.5 37 299,233.3 308
Loans
Global Loans JP Morgan 499,900.5 18.9 1,153 2,639,843.7 7,147
U.S. Syndicated Loans JP Morgan 430,208.7 32.1 1,014 1,339,007.3 3,448
EMEA Syndicated Loans Barclays Capital 89,869.1 9.7 252 923,783.1 1,423
U.S. Leveraged Loans JP Morgan 115,088.7 24.1 448 477,339.1 1,810
European Leveraged Loans Royal Bank of Scotland 16,006.6 13.6 64 117,337.1 233
EMEA Sponsored Loans Royal Bank of Scotland 17,526.7 16.4 58 106,909.5 189

2003

Underwriting Leaders 1 January 2003 - 31 December 2003 (based on $ value)
Market Sector # 1 Ranked Bookrunner Proceeds ($ mils) Market Share (%) # of issues Mrkt size ($ mils) Mrkt issues
Stock & Bonds
Global Debt, Equity & Equity-related Citigroup 542,748.5 10.2 1,872 5,326,243.5 19,706
Global Disclosed Fees Citigroup 1,760.2 12.2 860 14,460.5 8,023
Stocks
Global Equity & Equity-related Goldman Sachs 46,142.0 11.9 174 388,176.1 2,418
Global Convertible Offerings JP Morgan 21,550.8 13.1 70 164,468.3 486
Global Common Stock - U.S. Issuers Goldman Sachs 12,763.1 16.2 57 78,889.2 520
Global Initial Public Offerings - U.S. Issuers Goldman Sachs 2,657.9 19.2 13 13,849.2 79
Global Common Stock - EMEA Goldman Sachs 7,049.6 13.6 25 51,912.1 308
Global Initial Public Offerings - EMEA Goldman Sachs 1,816.8 20.5 3 8,870.7 97
Global Convertible Offerings - EMEA Deutsche Bank 8,275.0 17.9 17 46,171.0 76
Bonds
Global Debt incl. MBS, ABS & U.S. Tax Munis Citigroup 501,813.5 10.2 1,655 1,867,147.7 7,068
All International Bonds Citigroup 209,749.0 9.7 512 2,161,992.6 4,536
All Euromarket Issues Deutsche Bank 109,514.4 7.8 446 1,396,912.9 3,568
All Bonds in Euros Deutsche Bank 80,424.7 8.3 272 964,888.9 2,229
Global High Yield Corporate Debt Citigroup 22,791.3 15.6 123 145,750.4 524
US Investment Grade Citigroup 135,196.2 20.5 563 658,664.7 1,868
All US Federal Credit Agency Debt Deutsche Bank 101,974.2 8.6 432 1,190,831.2 13,152
US Mortgage-backed securities UBS 104,061.6 11.6 98 900,153.4 1,203
US Asset-backed securities Citigroup 64,915.7 11.2 147 580,823.4 1,175
Loans
Global Loans JP Morgan 336,230.6 17.5 669 1,920,187.0 5,734
U.S. Syndicated Loans JP Morgan 277,361.4 28.3 553 979,626.9 2,962
EMEA Syndicated Loans Citigroup 67,439.7 10.3 138 657,566.8 1,069
U.S. Leveraged Loans JP Morgan 82,218.5 22.3 253 368,321.7 1,549
European Leveraged Loans Barclays Capital 9,949.7 9.3 34 107,336.5 222

Mergers and acquisitions

2005

Mergers & Acquisitions Leaders 1 January 2004 - 31 December 2004 (based on $ value)
Market Sector # 1 Ranked Advisor Market Share (%) Rank Value $US mil Mrkt size ($ mils)
Worldwide Completed - Imputed Fees Goldman Sachs & Co 6.0 980.3 16,435.4
Worldwide Announced Financial Advisors Goldman Sachs & Co
Worldwide Announced Legal Advisors Sullivan & Cromwell
Worldwide Completed Financial Advisors Goldman Sachs & Co
Worldwide Completed Legal Advisors Sullivan & Cromwell
US Announced Financial Advisors JP Morgan Chase
US Announced Legal Advisors Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom
US Completed Financial Advisors Lehman Brothers
US Completed Legal Advisors Sullivan & Cromwell

2004

Mergers & Acquisitions Leaders 1 January 2004 - 31 December 2004 (based on $ value)
Market Sector # 1 Ranked Advisor Market Share (%) Fees & Rank Value $US mil Mrkt size ($ mils)
Worldwide Completed - Imputed Fees Goldman Sachs & Co -- 897.8 14,312
Worldwide Announced Financial Advisors Goldman Sachs & Co 29.6 576,664.3 1,949,000.9
Worldwide Announced Legal Advisors Sullivan & Cromwell 22.1 430,160.1
Worldwide Completed Financial Advisors Goldman Sachs & Co 31.0 356,182.1 1,516,079.8
Worldwide Completed Legal Advisors Sullivan & Cromwell 33.0 500,244.3
US Announced Financial Advisors JP Morgan Chase 32.5 270,792.4
US Announced Legal Advisors Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom 30.5 254,428.2
US Completed Financial Advisors Goldman Sachs & Co 36.0 269,476.7
US Completed Legal Advisors Sullivan & Cromwell 30.8

2003

Mergers & Acquisitions Leaders 1 January 2003 - 31 December 2003 (based on $ value)
Market Sector # 1 Ranked Advisor Market Share (%) Rank Value $US mil Mrkt size ($ mils)
Worldwide Announced Financial Advisors Goldman Sachs & Co 29.5 392,699.5 1,379,541.5
Worldwide Announced Legal Advisors Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom 13.2 175,812.9
Worldwide Completed Financial Advisors Goldman Sachs & Co 31.0 356,182.1 1,206,972.9
Worldwide Completed Legal Advisors Linklaters 17.9 205,727.4
US Announced Financial Advisors Goldman Sachs & Co 45.6 239,420.6
US Announced Legal Advisors Simpson Thacher & Bartlett 19.5 102,569.8
US Completed Financial Advisors Goldman Sachs & Co 44.9 200,854.1
US Completed Legal Advisors Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom 27.3 122,171.0

See also

External links


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