Thomson Reuters: Wikis

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Thomson Reuters
Type Public company (TSXTRI, NYSETRI)
Founded April 2008,
as Reuters October, 1851
as Thomson Corporation 1934
Headquarters New York City, New York, United States
Key people David Thomson, Chairman
Tom Glocer, CEO
Industry Media
Revenue $12.9 Billion (2009)
Employees Over 50,000 in more than 100 countries(2009)[1]
Subsidiaries ONESOURCE
Reuters
Sweet & Maxwell
Thomson West
Website www.thomsonreuters.com
Thomson Reuters Building at Times Square, Midtown Manhattan

Thomson Reuters is an information company[1] created by the Thomson Corporation's purchase of Reuters on 17 April 2008.[2] Thomson Reuters shares are listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX: TRI) and the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE: TRI). Thomson Reuters is headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, USA. The Woodbridge Company, a holding company for the Thomson family of Canada, owns 53% of the group,[3] which operates in 93 countries, and has over 50,000 employees.

Contents

History

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The Thomson Corporation

The Company was founded by Roy Thomson in 1934 in Ontario as the publisher of The Timmins Daily Press. In 1953 Thomson acquired the Scotsman newspaper and moved to Scotland the following year. He consolidated his media position in Scotland in 1957 when he won the franchise for Scottish Television. In 1959 he bought the Kemsley Group giving him control of the Sunday Times. He separately acquired the Times in 1967. He moved into the airline business in 1965, when he acquired Britannia Airways and into oil and gas exploration in 1971 when he participated in a consortium to exploit reserves in the North Sea. In the 1970s, following the death of Lord Thomson, the Company withdrew from media selling the Times, the Sunday Times and Scottish Television and instead moved into publishing, buying Sweet & Maxwell in 1987. In 1989, Thomson Newspapers was merged with The Thomson Corporation. In 1996 The Thomson Corporation effectively doubled its size and ensured future profitability by purchasing West Publishing, a purveyor of legal research and solutions including Westlaw.[4]

Reuters

The Company was founded by Paul Julius Reuter in 1851 in London as a business transmitting stock market quotations.[4] Reuter set up his "Submarine Telegraph" office in October 1851 and negotiated a contract with the London Stock Exchange to provide stock prices from the continental exchanges in return for access to London prices, which he then supplied to stockbrokers in Paris in France.[4] In 1865, Reuters was the first organization to report the assassination of Abraham Lincoln in London.[4] The company was involved in developing the use of radio in 1923.[4] It was acquired by the British National & Provincial Press in 1941 and first listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1984.[4] Reuters began to grow rapidly in the 1980s, widening the range of its business products and expanding its global reporting network for media, financial and economic services: key product launches included Equities 2000 (1987), Dealing 2000–2 (1992), Business Briefing (1994), Reuters Television for the financial markets (1994), 3000 Series (1996) and the Reuters 3000 Xtra service (1999).[4]

Post acquisition

The Thomson Corporation acquired Reuters Group PLC to form Thomson Reuters on April 17, 2008.[5] Thomson Reuters operated under a dual-listed company (“DLC”) structure and had two parent companies, both of which were publicly listed — Thomson Reuters Corporation and Thomson Reuters PLC. In 2009 it unified its dual listed company structure and stopped its listing on the London Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. It is now listed only as Thomson Reuters Corporation on the New York Stock Exchange and Toronto Stock Exchange (symbol: TRI).[6][7]

Thomson Reuters brands include Sweet & Maxwell in the UK and West Publishing in North America. Reuters and Westlaw are global brands.

In June 2008 the company announced that it would be launching a news channel to rival Bloomberg and CNBC.[8]

Operations

The chief executive officer of the combined company is Tom Glocer, who was the chief executive of Reuters, and the chairman is David Thomson, who was the chairman of Thomson.[9][10][11]

The Company is organized into two divisions:[12]

  • Markets Division: formed from integrating Thomson Financial with Reuters.
    • Sales & Trading
    • Enterprise
    • Investment & Advisory
    • Media
  • Professional Division:
    • Legal – formerly North American Legal and Legal & Regulatory; primarily West, makers of Westlaw.
    • Healthcare & Science – formerly Thomson Healthcare and Thomson Scientific
    • Tax & Accounting – formerly Thomson Tax & Accounting

Thomson Reuters shares are listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX: TRI) and the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE: TRI).

Market position and antitrust review

The transaction was reviewed by the U.S. Department of Justice and by the European Commission. On February 19, 2008, both the Department of Justice and the Commission cleared the transaction subject to minor divestments.[13] The Department of Justice required the parties to sell copies of the data contained in the following products: Thomson's WorldScope, a global fundamentals product; Reuters Estimates, an earnings estimates product; and Reuters Aftermarket (Embargoed) Research Database, an analyst research distribution product. The proposed settlement further requires the licensing of related intellectual property, access to personnel, and transitional support to ensure that the buyer of each set of data can continue to update its database so as to continue to offer users a viable and competitive product.[14] The European Commission imposed similar divestments: according to the Commission's press release, "the parties committed to divest the databases containing the content sets of such financial information products, together with relevant assets, personnel and customer base as appropriate to allow purchasers of the databases and assets to quickly establish themselves as a credible competitive force in the marketplace in competition with the merged entity, re-establishing the pre-merger rivalry in the respective fields."[15]

These remedies are viewed as very minor given the scope of the transaction. According to the Financial Times, "the remedy proposed by the competition authorities will affect no more than $25m of the new Thomson Reuters group’s $13bn-plus combined revenues."[16]

The transaction was cleared by the Canadian Competition Bureau.[17]

Purchase process

Historically, no single individual has been permitted to own more than 15% of Reuters, under the first of the Reuters Principles, which states, "Reuters shall at no time pass into the hands of any one interest, group or faction."[18] However, that restriction was waived for the purchase by Thomson, whose family holding company, the Woodbridge Company currently owns 53% of the enlarged business. Robert Peston, business editor at BBC News, stated that this has worried Reuters journalists, both because they are concerned that Reuters' journalism business will be marginalized by the financial data provision business of the combined company, and because of the threat to Reuters's reputation for unbiased journalism by the appearance of one majority shareholder. Pehr Gyllenhammar, chairman of the Reuters Founders Share Company, explained that the Reuters Trust's First Principle had been waived for the Thomson family because of the poor financial circumstances that Reuters had been in, stating, "The future of Reuters takes precedence over the principles. If Reuters were not strong enough to continue on its own, the principles would have no meaning." He stated, not having met David Thomson but having discussed the matter with Geoff Beattie, the president of Woodbridge, that the Thomson family had agreed to vote as directed by the Reuters Founders Share Company on any matter that the trustees might deem to threaten the five principles of the Reuters Trust. Woodbridge will be allowed an exemption from the First Principle as long as it remains controlled by the Thomson family.[19][20][21][22]

Acquisitions

In August 2009 Thomson Reuters bought Vhayu Technologies. Vhayu is one of the world's leading providers of tick data services, and Thomson Reuters had been distributing its Velocity product under the Reuters Tick Capture Engine label for the four years prior to the acquistion.[23]

On September 21 2009 Thomson Reuters bought Hugin Group, the European IR and PR distribution group, from NYSE Euronext. Terms have not been disclosed, but it has been reported in Danish newspapers that the price was between €40m and €42m.[24]

In November 2009 The Tax & Accounting business has signed a definitive agreement to acquire Sabrix, Inc, a leading global provider of transaction tax management software applications and related services.[25]

References

  1. ^ a b About Us
  2. ^ Haycock, Gavin; MacMillan, Robert. "Thomson Reuters debuts amid global market jitters". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/industryNews/idUSN1438977620080418. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  3. ^ "About Us." Thomson Reuters. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Thomson Reuters History
  5. ^ Thomson completes acquisition of Reuters
  6. ^ Company history
  7. ^ [http://thomsonreuters.com/content/PDF/corporate/TR_PLC_Financial_YE_12_31_20.pdf Thomson Reuters PLC Financial Statement for 2008
  8. ^ Thomson Reuters to venture into television
  9. ^ Wikinews (2007-05-16). "Thomson Corporation and Reuters agree to merge". Wikinews. http://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Thomson_Corporation_and_Reuters_agree_to_merge&oldid=422867. 
  10. ^ Robert Schroeder (2007-05-17). "Thomson, Reuters face antitrust review". Times Argus. http://www.timesargus.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070517/BUSINESS/705170325/1006/BUSINESS. 
  11. ^ Kevin Bell and Joe Schneider (2007-05-16). "Thomson Emerges From Father's Shadow With Reuters Buy". Bloomberg L.P.. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601082&sid=a46.crjgq_T4. 
  12. ^ Thomson Reuters: About us
  13. ^ EU approves Thomson–Reuters merger
  14. ^ Justice Department Requires Thomson to Sell Financial Data and Related Assets in Order to Acquire Reuters
  15. ^ EUROPA – Rapid – Press Releases
  16. ^ FT.com / Companies / Media & internet - Thomson cleared for Reuters merger
  17. ^ Competition Bureau – Competition Bureau Clears Thomson Acquisition of Reuters
  18. ^ International alliance of journalist unions questions Thomson–Reuters deal
  19. ^ "Reuters agrees to Thomson buyout". BBC News (BBC). 2007-05-15. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/6656525.stm. 
  20. ^ Andrew Edgecliffe-Johnson (2007-05-16). "Thomson accepts Reuters voting code". Financial Times (The Financial Times Ltd). http://www.ft.com/cms/s/6460287a-03e4-11dc-a931-000b5df10621.html. 
  21. ^ "Thomson accepts Reuters voting code". Financial Times (eFinancialNews Ltd). 2007-05-17. http://www.financialnews-us.com/?page=ushome&contentid=2347839512. 
  22. ^ "Q&A: Why Reuters is news". BBC News (BBC). 2007-05-15. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/6634531.stm. 
  23. ^ Vhayu Technologies Acquired by Thomson Reuters August 3 2009, Fox Business
  24. ^ Thomson Reuters acquires Hugin Group from NYSE Euronext Communicate magazine 2009-09-21
  25. ^ "Thomson Reuters To Acquire Sabrix. Terms of the transaction were not disclosed.". Taume News. 2009-10-17. http://news.taume.com/World-Business/Business-Finance/thomson-reuters-to-acquire-sabrix-13438. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 

Further reading

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