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Thunderball

Thunderball film poster by Robert McGinnis & Frank McCarthy
James Bond Sean Connery
Also starring Claudine Auger
Adolfo Celi
Luciana Paluzzi
Rik Van Nutter
Desmond Llewelyn
Bernard Lee
Directed by Terence Young
Produced by Kevin McClory,
Albert R. Broccoli (Executive producer),
Harry Saltzman (Executive producer)
Novel/Story by Ian Fleming,
Kevin McClory,
Jack Whittingham
Screenplay by Richard Maibaum,
John Hopkins
Cinematography Ted Moore
Music by John Barry
Main theme Thunderball
   Composer John Barry
Don Black
   Performer Tom Jones
Editing by Peter R. Hunt
Distributed by United Artists
Release date(s) 21 December 1965 (USA)
29 December 1965 (UK)
Running time 130 min.
Budget $5,600,000
Worldwide gross $141,200,000
Preceded by Goldfinger
Followed by You Only Live Twice

Thunderball (1965) is the fourth spy film in the James Bond series after Dr. No (1962), From Russia with Love (1963) and Goldfinger (1964), and the fourth to star Sean Connery as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. It is an adaptation of the novel of the same name by Ian Fleming, which in turn was based on an original screenplay by Jack Whittingham. It was directed by Terence Young with screenplay by Richard Maibaum and John Hopkins.

The film follows Bond's mission to find two NATO atomic bombs stolen by SPECTRE, which holds the world ransom for £100 million in diamonds, in exchange for not destroying an unspecified major city in either England or the United States (later revealed to be Miami). The search leads Bond to the Bahamas, where he encounters Emilio Largo, the card-playing, eye-patch wearing SPECTRE Number Two. Backed by the CIA and Largo's mistress, Bond's search culminates in an underwater battle with Largo's henchmen. The film had a complex production, with four different units and about a quarter of the film consisting of underwater scenes.[1]

Thunderball was associated with a legal dispute in 1961 when former Ian Fleming collaborators Kevin McClory and Jack Whittingham sued him shortly after the 1961 publication of the Thunderball novel, claiming he based it upon the screenplay the trio had earlier written in a failed cinematic translation of James Bond. The lawsuit was settled out of court and Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman, fearing a rival McClory film, allowed him to retain certain screen rights to the novel's story, plot, and characters.[2]

The film was a success, earning a total of $141.2 million worldwide,[3] exceeding the earnings of the three previous Bond films and breaking box office records on the first weekend of opening in France and Italy. In 1966, John Stears won the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects, and production designer Ken Adam was also nominated for a BAFTA award.[4][5] Thunderball is, to date, the most financially successful movie of the series, and, adjusting for inflation, made the equivalent of $966.4 million in 2008 currency. Although a commercial success, Thunderball received mixed reviews from critics. Some critics and viewers showered praise on the film and branded it a welcome addition to the series, while others complained of the repetitively monotonous aquatic action and prolonged show duration. In 1983, Warner Brothers released a remake, Never Say Never Again.

Contents

Plot

In the pre-title sequence, James Bond (Sean Connery) attends the funeral of Colonel Jacques Bouvar, a SPECTRE operative (Number 6), who had murdered two British spies.[6] Bouvar is actually disguised as his widow but is identified by Bond. Following him to a château, Bond kills him and then escapes flying a jetpack to his Aston Martin DB5 parked outside.

Bond is sent by M to a health clinic to improve his health. While massaged by physiotherapist Patricia Fearing (Molly Peters), he notices Count Lippe (Guy Doleman), a suspicious man with a criminal tattoo (from a Tong). He searches Lippe's room, but is seen leaving it by Lippe's clinic neighbor who is bandaged because of plastic surgery. Later, Lippe tries to murder Bond with a spinal traction machine, but the attempt is foiled by Fearing, whom he then seduces and spends an intimate evening with. Bond soon finds a dead bandaged man, and survives a second murder attempt. The dead man is François Derval (Paul Stassino), a French NATO pilot deployed to fly aboard an Avro Vulcan jet bomber loaded with two atomic bombs for a training mission.

Derval has been murdered by Angelo, a SPECTRE henchman surgically altered to match his appearance. Angelo takes Derval's place on the training flight, gasses the crew, and sinks the plane near the Bahamas. He is killed underwater by Emilio Largo (Adolfo Celi) (SPECTRE No. 2), however, for trying to extort more money from the organization than he had been promised. Largo and his henchmen then steal the atomic bombs on the seabed. The theft summons Bond and all other double-0 agents to Whitehall. En route, Lippe chases Bond but is killed by SPECTRE agent Fiona Volpe (Luciana Paluzzi) for failing to foresee Angelo's greed.

At the meeting, Bond recognizes Derval from a photograph as the cadaver he encountered in the health clinic. Since Derval's sister, Domino (Claudine Auger), is in Nassau, Bond asks M (Bernard Lee) to send him to the Bahamas. Domino turns out to be Largo's mistress. Bond will exploit this knowledge to get to Largo via Domino.

Bond goes out via boat to where Domino is scuba diving, after saving her life, he asks her to take him back to shore as his boat won't start. She agrees and they end up having lunch together. Later Bond goes to a party, where he sees Largo and Domino gambling. Bond gets into the game against Largo, and not surprisingly Bond wins. Bond and Domino leave the game and dance together.

Bond returns to the Hotel and instead of entering his room, he enters the room next to it and goes through a corridor into his. He listens to a tape recorder and notices someone has entered his room. Felix comes to the room and is about to say 007 when Bond winds him and makes him be quiet. Bond enters the bathroom, and attacks and disarms the henchman who came into his room. He tells the henchman to report to his superiors.The henchman returns to his superior Largo who isn't pleased to hear the news, so the henchman is thrown into a pool of sharks to meet his untimely demise.

Bond goes into town with Felix where they meet two friends who lead them to meet Q. Bond enters the building, where upon Q starts giving him the needed collection of gadgets. Including an underwater infra-red camera, a distress beacon, underwater breathing apparatus, a flare gun and a geiger counter.

Bond attempts to scuba under Largo's boat to gain information and is nearly killed by grenades. After narrowly escaping death, he is picked up by Fiona and driven back to the hotel. Bond's assistant Paula (Martine Beswick) is eventually abducted by Largo for questioning; she kills herself just before Bond can rescue her.

At a Junkanoo celebration in Nassau, Fiona Volpe (Luciana Paluzzi) tries to kill Bond but is shot by her own bodyguard. Soon, Bond and CIA case officer Felix Leiter (Rik Van Nutter) search for the Vulcan by helicopter, eventually finding it underwater, along with the crew corpses and Angelo the counterfeit NATO observer pilot. Afterwards, Bond tells Domino that Largo killed her brother, pleading for her help in finding the atomic bombs. She tells Bond where and how to replace a SPECTRE agent on a mission with Largo, who is retrieving the bombs from a submarine hiding place. Disguised as Largo's henchman, Bond uncovers his plan to detonate the bombs in Miami Beach.

Largo and his men transporting the atomic bombs back to the Disco Volante

En route to the cave where the bombs will be temporarily stored, Bond's cover is blown by Largo. After an underwater battle with Largo's men, Bond is rescued by Leiter who orders a unit of United States Coast Guard sailors to parachute to the area for underwater battle against SPECTRE frogmen. Bond joins the fray, killing several SPECTRE frogmen with high tech submarine weapons, and his knife and hands. The surviving henchmen surrender.

Finally, Largo escapes to his ship, the Disco Volante (Italian: Flying Saucer), which still has one bomb aboard; Bond follows him and sneaks aboard. During a hand-to-hand fight, Largo gains the upper hand and is about to shoot Bond, however, Domino shoots a spear into Largo's back. With the dying Largo death-locked to the uncontrolled yacht's wheel, Bond and Domino jump overboard as it runs aground and explodes. A sky hook-equipped U.S. Navy Boeing B-17 airplane rescues Bond and Domino from the sea.

Cast

André Maranne, best known for portraying Sergeant François Chevalier in the Pink Panther films, cameos as SPECTRE #10.

Production

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Legal disputes

Originally meant as the first James Bond film, Thunderball was the center of legal disputes that began in 1961 and, as of 2008, continue. Former Ian Fleming collaborators Kevin McClory and Jack Whittingham sued Fleming shortly after the 1961 publication of the Thunderball novel, claiming he based it upon the screenplay the trio had earlier written in a failed cinematic translation of James Bond.[2] The lawsuit was settled out of court; McClory retained certain screen rights to the novel's story, plot, and characters. By then, James Bond was a box office success, and series producers Broccoli and Saltzman feared a rival McClory film beyond their control; they agreed to McClory's producer's credit of a cinematic Thunderball, with them as executive producers.[11]

The sources for Thunderball are controversial among film aficionados. In 1961, Ian Fleming published his novel based upon a television screenplay that he, and others developed into the film screenplay; the efforts were unproductive, and Fleming expanded the script into his ninth James Bond novel. Consequently, one of his collaborators, Kevin McClory, sued him for plagiarism; they settled out of court in 1963.[12] The book The Battle for Bond, by Robert Sellers, details this as part of the Thunderball mythos.

Later, in 1964, EON producers Broccoli and Saltzman agreed with McClory to cinematically adapt the novel; it was promoted as "Ian Fleming's Thunderball". Yet, along with the official credits to screenwriters Richard Maibaum and John Hopkins, the screenplay is also identified as based on an original screenplay by Jack Whittingham and as based on the original story by Kevin McClory, Jack Whittingham, and Ian Fleming.[11] To date, the novel has twice been adapted cinematically; the 1983, McClory-produced Never Say Never Again, features Sean Connery as James Bond, but is not an official EON production.

Casting

Broccoli's original choice for the role of Domino Derval was Julie Christie following her performance in Billy Liar in 1963. Upon meeting her personally, however, he was disappointed and turned his attentions towards Raquel Welch after seeing her on the cover of the October 1964 issue of Life magazine. Welch, however, was hired by Richard Zanuck of 20th Century Fox to appear in the film Fantastic Voyage the same year instead. Faye Dunaway was also considered for the role and came close to signing for the part.[13] Saltzman and Broccoli auditioned an extensive list of relatively unknown European actresses and models including former Miss Italy Maria Grazia Buccella, Yvonne Monlaur of the Hammer horror films and Gloria Paul. Eventually former Miss France Claudine Auger was cast, and the script was rewritten to make her character French rather than Italian, although her voice was dubbed. Nevertheless, director Young would cast her once again in his next film, Triple Cross (1966). One of the actresses that tried for Domino, Luciana Paluzzi, later accepted the role as the redheaded femme fatale assassin Fiona Kelly who originally was intended by Maibaum to be Irish. The surname was changed to Volpe in coordination with Paluzzi's nationality.[13]

Filming

The Disco Volante in the Bahamas after separation from the main smoking yacht

Guy Hamilton was invited to direct, but considered himself worn out and "creatively drained" after the production of Goldfinger.[1] Terence Young, director of the first two Bond films, returned to the series. Coincidentally, when Saltzman invited him to direct Dr. No, Young expressed interest in directing adaptations of Dr. No, From Russia With Love and Thunderball. Years later, Young said Thunderball was filmed "at the right time",[14] considering that if it was the first film in the series the short budget — Dr. No cost only $1 million — wouldn't have good results.[14]

Filming commenced on 16 February 1965, with principal photography of the opening scene in Paris. Filming then moved to the Château d'Anet, near Dreux, France for the fight in pre-credit sequence. Much of the film was shot in the Bahamas; Thunderball is widely known for its extensive underwater action scenes which are played out through much of the latter half of the film. Filming was shot at Pinewood Studios, Buckinghamshire, Silverstone racing circuit for the chase involving Count Lippe, Fiona Volpe and James Bond's Aston Martin DB5 before moving to Nassau, and Paradise Island in The Bahamas, where most of the footage was shot, and Miami.[15]

On arriving in Nassau McClory searched for possible locations to shoot many of the key sequences of the film and used the home of a local millionaire couple, the Sullivans, for Largo's estate.[16] Part of the SPECTRE underwater assault was also shot on the coastal grounds of another millionaires' home on the island. The most difficult sequences to film were the underwater action scenes and the first to be shot underwater was at a depth of 50 feet to shoot the scene where SPECTRE divers remove the atomic bombs from the sunken Vulcan bomber. Peter Lamont had previously visited a Royal Air Force bomber station carrying a concealed camera which he used to get close-up shots of the secretive missiles and those appearing in the film were not actually present.[1] Most of the underwater scenes had to be done at lower tides due to the sharks in the Bahamian sea.[17]

Connery's life was in danger in the sequence with the sharks in Largo's pool and one which he had been in fear of when he read the script. He insisted that Ken Adam build a special Plexiglas partition inside the pool but, despite this, it was not a fixed structure and one of the sharks managed to pass through it. Connery had to abandon the pool immediately, seconds away from attack.[15] Another dangerous situation occurred when special effects coordinator John Stears brought in a supposed dead shark carcass to be towed around the pool. The shark, however, was not dead and revived at one point. Due to the dangers on the set, stuntman Bill Cummings demanded an extra fee £250 to double for Largo's sidekick Quist as he was dropped into the pool of sharks.[13]

A model of Connery and the diving apparatus.

The climactic underwater battle was shot at Clifton Pier and was choreographed by Hollywood expert Ricou Browning, who had worked on many films previously such as Creature From the Black Lagoon in 1954. He was responsible for the staging of the cave sequence and the battle scenes beneath the Disco Volante and called in his specialist team of divers who posed as those engaged in the onslaught. Voit provided much of the underwater gear in exchange for product placement and film tie-in merchandise. Lamar Boren, an underwater photographer, was brought in to shoot all of the sequences. United States Air Force Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Russhon, who had already helped alliance Eon productions with the local authorities in Turkey for From Russia With Love 1963 and at Fort Knox for Goldfinger 1964, stood by and was able to supply the experimental rocket fuel used to destroy the Disco Volante. Russhon, using his position, was also able to gain access to the United States Navy's Fulton surface-to-air recovery system, used to lift Bond and Domino from the water at the end of the film.[13] Filming ceased in May 1965 and the final scene shot was the physical fight on the bridge of the Disco Volante.[1]

While in Nassau, during the final shooting days, special effects supervisor John Stears was supplied experimental rocket fuel to use in exploding Largo's yacht, the Disco Volante. Ignoring the true power of the volatile liquid, Stears doused the entire yacht with it, took cover, and then detonated the boat. The resultant massive explosion shattered windows along Bay Street in Nassau roughly 30 miles away.[1] Stears went on to win an Academy Award for his work on Thunderball.

As the filming neared its conclusion, Connery had become increasingly agitated with press intrusion and was distracted with difficulties in his marriage of 32 months to actress Diane Cilento. Connery refused to speak to journalists and photographers who followed him in Nassau stating his frustration with the harassment that came with the role; "I find that fame tends to turn one from an actor and a human being into a piece of merchandise, a public institution. Well, I don't intend to undergo that metamorphosis."[18] In the end he only gave a single interview to Playboy as filming was wrapped up, and even turned down a substantial fee to appear in a promotional TV special made by Wolper Productions for NBC The Incredible World of James Bond.[13] According to editor Peter R. Hunt, Thunderball's release was delayed for three months, from September until December 1965, after he met Arnold Picker of United Artists, and convinced him it would be impossible to edit the film to a high enough standard without the extra time.[19]

Effects

Agent 007's escape flight with the Bell Rocket Belt jet belt in Thunderball's pre-title teaser.

In Thunderball's pre-title teaser, the Aston Martin DB5 (introduced in Goldfinger), reappears armed with rear-firing water cannon, seeming noticeably weathered – just dust and dirt raised, moments earlier, by Bond's landing with the Bell Rocket Belt (developed by Bell Aircraft Corporation). The rocket belt Bond uses to escape the château actually worked, and was used many times, before and after, for entertainment, most notably at Super Bowl I and at scheduled performances at the 1964-1965 New York World's Fair.[20]

Bond receives a spear gun-armed underwater jet pack scuba (allowing the frogman to manoeuvre faster than other frogmen). Designed by Jordan Klein, green dye was meant to be used by Bond as a smoke screen to escape pursuers.[21] Instead Ricou Browning, the film's underwater director, used it to make Bond's arrival more dramatic.[22]

The sky hook, used to rescue Bond at the end of the film, was a rescue system used by the United States military at the time. At Thunderball's release, there was confusion as to whether a rebreather such as the one that appears in the film existed; most Bond gadgets, while implausible, often are based upon real technology. In the real world, a rebreather could not be so small, as it has no room for the breathing bag, while the alternative open-circuit scuba releases exhalation bubbles, which the film device does not. It was made with two CO2 bottles glued together and painted, with a small mouthpiece attached.[22] For this reason, when the Royal Corps of Engineers asked Peter Lamont how long a man could use the device underwater, the answer was "As long as you can hold your breath."[23]

Maurice Binder was hired to design the title sequence, and was involved in a dispute with Eon Production to have his name credited in the film. As Thunderball was the first film shot in Panavision, Binder had to reshoot the iconic gun barrel scene which permitted him to not only incorporate pinhole photographic techniques to shoot inside a genuine gun barrel, but also made Connery appearing in the sequence for the first time a reality, as stunt man Bob Simmons had doubled for him in the three previous films. Binder gained access to the tank at Pinewood which he used to film the silhouetted title girls who appeared naked in the opening sequence, which was the first time actual nudity (although concealed) had ever been seen in a Bond film.[13]

Parts of the climatic sequence on board the Disco Volante (Italian: Flying Saucer) were sped up to make the boat look as if it was going faster than it was. Additionally, some shots were repeated. During the hand-to-hand combat, one shot of the boat (sped up) is of Bond and Domino about to jump overboard, but cuts back to the fight. This same shot appears again at normal speed when Bond and Domino jump overboard.

Music

The title theme was written by John Barry and Leslie Bricusse. It was the third James Bond score composed by Barry, after From Russia With Love and Goldfinger. It was originally entitled "Mr. Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang", taken from an Italian journalist who in 1962 dubbed agent 007 as Mr. Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang. The song was originally recorded by Shirley Bassey, but was later rerecorded by Dionne Warwick, whose version was not released until the 1990s. The song was removed from the title credits after producers Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman were worried that a theme song to a James Bond film would not work well if the song did not have the title of the film in its lyrics.[1] Barry then teamed up with lyricist Don Black and wrote "Thunderball" which was sung by Tom Jones who, according to Bond production legend, fainted in the recording booth when singing the song's final, high note. Jones said of the final note, "I closed my eyes and I held the note for so long when I opened my eyes the room was spinning."[24] Country musician Johnny Cash also submitted a song to EON productions titled "Thunderball" but it was not used.[25]

Box office performance

The film premiered on 21 December 1965 in the United States — a first for a James Bond film — and opened eight days later on 29 December 1965 in the UK. It was a major success at the box office with record-breaking earnings, rivalling the newly released The Sound of Music, and was a greater success than the epic Battle of the Bulge. Variety reported that Thunderball was the #1 moneymaker of 1966 by a large margin, with a net profit of $26,500,000.[26] The second highest moneymaker of 1966 was Doctor Zhivago at $15,000,000; in third place was Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? at $10,300,000.[26]

A total of 58.1 million admissions were recorded in the USA totaling a gross of $63.6 million (a record), and the film earned more in the first week than the previous three films combined. France and Italy also reported record takings, scooping $95,000 and $79,000 respectively within the first three days of screening. The film eventually earned a global total of $141.2 million which in 2002, was calculated to be the equivalent of roughly $950 million, taking inflation into account.[27]

Reception

In 1965, the film received generally positive reviews. Dilys Powell of The Sunday Times remarked after seeing the film that "The cinema was a duller place before Bond."[28] In Kinematograph Weekly, she emphasised the enjoyment of the film particular the combination of humour, the Bond girls, and the effectiveness of the Caribbean location on the cinema screen. However she criticized part of the plot in that the explanation of SPECTRE's ransom plan took too long in explaining to the audience.[29] David Robinson of The Financial Times criticized the appearance of Connery and his effectiveness to play Bond in the film remarking "It's not just that Sean Connery looks a lot more haggard and less heroic than he did two or three years ago; but there is much less effort to establish him as connoisseur playboy. Apart from the off-handed order for Beluga, there is little of that comic display of bon viveur-manship that was one of the charms of Connery's almost-a-gentleman 007."[30]

According to Danny Peary, Thunderball “takes forever to get started and has too many long underwater sequences during which it’s impossible to tell what’s going on. Nevertheless, it’s an enjoyable entry in the Bond series. Sean Connery is particularly appealing as Bond – I think he projects more confidence than in other films in the series. Film has no great scene, but it’s entertaining as long as the actors stay above water.”[31]

Critics such as James Berardinelli praised Connery's performance, the femme fatale character of Fiona Volpe and the underwater action sequences remarking that they were well choreographed and clearly shot. He criticized the length of the scenes, however, and believed they were too long and were in need of editing particularly during the climax.[32] At Rotten Tomatoes, the film received a 90% "fresh" rating.[33]

Thunderball won an Academy Award for Best Effects, Special Visual Effects awarded to John Stears in 1966.[4] Ken Adam the production director was also nominated for a Best Production Design BAFTA award.[5] The film won the Golden Screen award for Best Film in Germany and won Golden Laurel Action Drama award at the 1966 Laurel Awards. The film was also nominated for an Edgar Best Foreign Film award at the Edgar Allan Poe Awards.[34]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f The Making of Thunderball: Thunderball Ultimate Edition, Region 2, Disc 2. [DVD]. MGM/UA Home Entertainment. 1995. 
  2. ^ a b "McClory, Sony and Bond: A History Lesson". Universal Exports.net. http://www.universalexports.net/00Sony.shtml. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  3. ^ "Thunderball". The Numbers. Nash Information Service. http://the-numbers.com/movies/1965/0THBA.php. Retrieved 2007-12-04. 
  4. ^ a b "The 1966 Oscar Awards". RopeofSilicon. http://www.ropeofsilicon.com/award_show/oscars/1966. Retrieved 2007-12-07. 
  5. ^ a b "BAFTA Awards 1965". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. http://www.bafta.org/awards/film/nominations/?year=1965. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  6. ^ The name is often mis-spelled. Officially it is spelled Bouvar on Thunderball Ultimate Edition DVD Region 2. See Disc One, English subtitles for the film, and Disc Two under "OO7 Mission Control / Villains / Jacques Bouvar"
  7. ^ (2006) Album notes for Thunderball Ultimate Edition DVD.
  8. ^ George A. Rooker. "Film Industry Tricks OR How to fool most of the people most of the time!". Official Nikki van der Zyl website. http://www.nikkivanderzyl.co.uk/bond/. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  9. ^ Cork, John. Commentary 1: Thunderball Ultimate Edition, Region 2. [DVD]. 
  10. ^ Peters, Molly. Commentary 1: Thunderball Ultimate Edition, Region 2. [DVD]. 
  11. ^ a b Cork, John. "Inside "Thunderball"". Mr. Kiss Kiss Bang Bang. http://www.ianfleming.org/mkkbb/magazine/inside_tb3.shtml. Retrieved 2008-01-15. 
  12. ^ "The Battle for Bond: Sony vs. MGM". 1997-02-20. http://www.ianfleming.org/007news/articles/bondvsony.shtml. Retrieved 2008-01-15. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f "Production notes for Thunderball". MI6.co.uk. http://www.mi6.co.uk/sections/movies/tb_production.php3?t=tb&s=tb. Retrieved 2007-12-30. 
  14. ^ a b Young, Terence (Audio commentary). Commentary 1: Thunderball Ultimate Edition DVD Region 4. [DVD]. MGM/UA Home Entertainment. 
  15. ^ a b The Thunderball Phenomenon. [DVD]. Thunderball Ultimate Edition DVD, Region 2,Disc 2: MGM/UA Home Entertainment. 1995. 
  16. ^ 007 Mission Control: Exotic Locations. [DVD]. Thunderball Ultimate Edition DVD, Region 2,Disc 2: MGM/UA Home Entertainment. 2006. 
  17. ^ (Audio commentary) Commentary 1: Thunderball Ultimate Edition, Region 2. [DVD]. 
  18. ^ "Interview with Sean Connery". Playboy (HMH Publishing) (November 1965). ISSN 0032-1478. http://www.obsessional.co.uk/playboy.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-15. 
  19. ^ Hunt, Peter R. (Audio commentary). Commentary 2: Thunderball Ultimate Edition DVD Region 2. [DVD]. MGM/UA Home Entertainment. 
  20. ^ Malow, Brian. "Where the hell is my Jetpack?". Butseriously.com. http://www.butseriously.com/jetpack.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  21. ^ John Cork (Audio commentary). Commentary 2: Thunderball Ultimate Edition, Region 2. [DVD]. 
  22. ^ a b Browning, Ricou (Audio commentary). Commentary 1: Thunderball Ultimate Edition, Region 2. [DVD]. 
  23. ^ Lamont, Peter. (1995). The Thunderball Phenomenon: Thunderball Ultimate Edition, Region 2, Disc 2. [DVD]. MGM/UA Home Entertainment. 
  24. ^ "Tom Jones's comments on the Thunderball song". Interview with Singer Tom Jones. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1544163. Retrieved 2005-09-10. 
  25. ^ "Bitter Cinema piece on Johnny Cash's Thunderball". http://www.bittercinema.com/2004/03/johnny-cashs-thunderball.html. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  26. ^ a b Steinberg, Cobbett (1980). Film Facts. New York: Facts on File, Inc.. p. 23. ISBN 0-87196-313-2.  When a film is released late in a calendar year (October to December), its income is reported in the following year's compendium, unless the film made a particularly fast impact. Figures are domestic earnings (United States and Canada) as reported each year in Variety (p. 17).
  27. ^ Premiere notes for Thunderball — MI6.co.uk
  28. ^ Powell, Dilys (1965). "Thunderball film review". The Sunday Times. 
  29. ^ Powell, Dilys (1965-12-20). "Thunderball film review". Kinematograph Weekly. 
  30. ^ David, Robinson. "Thunderball film review". The Financial Times. 
  31. ^ Peary, Danny (1986). Guide for the Film Fanatic (Simon & Schuster) p.435
  32. ^ Berardinelli, James. "Thunderball". ReelViews. http://www.reelviews.net/movies/t/thunderball.html. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  33. ^ "Thunderball". Rotten Tomatoes. IGN Entertainment. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/thunderball/. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  34. ^ "Awards for Thunderball(1965)". Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0059800/awards. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  • Thompson, Scott A. (August 2000). Final Cut – The Post-War B-17 Flying Fortress: The Survivors, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, Missoula, Montana, Revised Edition, First Printing. ISBN 1-57510-077-0, pages 138-143.

Further reading

External links

Preceded by
Goldfinger
James Bond Films
1965
Succeeded by
You Only Live Twice

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Thunderball is a 1965 film in the James Bond series. Agent Bond heads to the Bahamas to recover two nuclear warheads stolen by SPECTRE agent Emilio Largo in an international extortion scheme.

Directed by Terence Young. Written by Richard Maibaum and John Hopkins, based on the novel by Ian Fleming.
Look Up! Look Down! Look Out! Here Comes The Biggest Bond Of All!

Contents

James Bond

  • [After placing Fiona's body in a chair after she is shot] Do you mind if my friend sits this one out? She's just dead.
  • It looks very difficult. [Shooting from the hip, Bond shatters his clay pigeon] Why no, it isn't, is it!

Others

  • Pat Fearing: [after strapping Bond to the motorized traction table] There, first time I've felt safe all day.

Dialogue

Miss Moneypenny: In the conference room. Something pretty big. Every double-o man in Europe has been rushed in. And the Home Secretary too.
Bond: His wife probably lost her dog.

M: I've assigned you to Station "C" Canada.
Bond: Sir, I'd respectfully request that you change my assignment to Nassau.
M: Is there any other reason, besides your enthusiasm for water sports?

[Bond shows M a picture of Dominique Derval, the Vulcan pilot's sister]
M: Do we know where she is now?
Bond: Nassau.
M: Do you think she's worth going after?
Bond: Well, I wouldn't put it quite like that, sir...

[As Q is showing Bond new gadgets]
Q: It is to be handled with special care!
Bond: Everything you give me...
Q: ...is treated with equal contempt. Yes, I know.

Pat Fearing: What exactly do you do?
Bond: Oh, I travel... a sort of licensed troubleshooter.

Fiona: Some men just don't like to be driven.
Bond: No, some men don't like to be taken for a ride.

Bond: [after making love to the evil Fiona Volpe] My dear girl, don't flatter yourself. What I did this evening was for King and country. You don't think it gave me any pleasure, do you?
Fiona: But of course, I forgot your ego, Mr. Bond. James Bond, the one where he has to make love to a woman, and she starts to hear heavenly choirs singing. She repents, and turns to the side of right and virtue... [she steps on Bond's foot] ... but not this one!

Bond: That gun, it looks more fitting for a woman.
Emilio Largo: You know much about guns, Mr. Bond?
Bond: No, but I know a little about women.

Cast

External links

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