Thursday: Wikis

  
  

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The English god Thunor (the Norse Thor), after whom Thursday is named, by Mårten Eskil Winge, 1872

Thursday (pronounced /ˈθɜrzdeɪ/ or /ˈθɜrzdi/  ( listen)) is the fourth day of the week according to the ISO 8601 international standard adopted in most western countries. In countries that use the Sunday-first convention and in the Judeo-Christian calendar it is the fifth day of the week. It falls between Wednesday and Friday.

Contents

Pagan etymology

See Week-day names for more on naming conventions.

The contemporary name comes from the Old English Þunresdæg, "Thunor's Day"[1][2][3] (with loss of -n-, first in northern dialects, from influence of Old Norse Þorsdagr, meaning "Thor's Day"). Thunor and Thor are derived from the Proto-Germanic god Thunaraz, god of thunder. Most Germanic languages name the day after this god: Torsdag in Danish, Norweigan, and Swedish, Donnerstag in German or Donderdag in Dutch.

In Romance languages, the day is named after the Roman god, Jupiter who was the god of sky and thunder. In Latin, the day was known as Iovis Dies, "Jupiter's Day". In Latin the Genitive or possessive case of Jupiter was Iovis/Jovis and thus in most Romance languages it became the word for Thursday: Italian giovedì, Spanish jueves, French jeudi, Catalan dijous, and Romanian joi. This is also reflected in the p-Celtic Welsh dydd Iau. But Portuguese, also a Romance language, uses the word quinta-feira, meaning "fifth day of liturgical celebration", that comes from the Latin "feria quinta" used in religious texts where it was not allowed to consecrate days to pagan gods.

In most of the Indic languages the word for Thursday is Guruvarvar meaning day and Guru being the style (manner of address) for Bṛhaspati, guru to the gods and regent of the planet Jupiter.

"Fourth- or Fifth-day" etymology

In Slavic languages and in Chinese, this day's name is "fourth" (Czech čtvrtek, Polish czwartek, Russian "четверг" četverg, Serbian "четвртак", Ukrainian "четвер" chetver). Hungarian uses a Slavic loanword "csütörtök". In Chinese, it's 星期四 xīngqīsì ("fourth"). Greek uses a number for this day: Πέμπτη Pémpti "fifth," as does Portuguese: quinta-feira "fifth day". (See days of the week for more on the different conventions.)

The Urdu name for Thursday is Jumeraate (eve of Friday).

Religious observances

In the Hindu religion, Thursday is Guruvaar (ગુજરાતી), from Guru, the Sanskrit name for Jupiter, the largest of planets.[4] Guruvaar fasting is very common throughout India for various holy/religious reasons.

In Judaism and Islam Thursdays are considered auspicious days for fasting. The Didache warned early Christians not to fast on Thursdays to avoid Judaizing, and suggested Fridays instead.

In Judaism the Torah is read in public on Thursday mornings, and special penitential prayers are said on Thursday, unless there is a special occasion for happiness which cancels them.

In the Christian tradition, Maundy Thursday is the Thursday before Easter — the day on which the Last Supper occurred. Ascension Thursday is 40 days after Easter, when Christ ascended into Heaven.

In Catholic liturgy, Thursday is referred to in Latin as feria quinta.

In the Eastern Orthodox Church. Thursdays are dedicated to the Apostles and Saint Nicholas. The Octoechos contains hymns on these themes, arranged in an eight-week cycle, that are chanted on Thursdays throughout the year. At the end of Divine Services on Thursday, the dismissal begins with the words: "May Christ our True God, through the intercessions of his most-pure Mother, of the holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostles, of our Father among the saints Nicholas, Archbishop of Myra in Lycia, the Wonder-worker…"

Quakers traditionally refer to Thursday as "Fifth Day" eschewing the pagan origin of the English name "Thursday". The name of the day is also called by words meaning "fifth day" in Icelandic, Modern Greek, Portuguese, and modern Semitic languages.

Popular culture

In the nursery rhyme, Monday's Child, "Thursday's Child has far to go".

In Thailand, the color associated with Thursday is orange, see Thai solar calendar.

Literature

Gabriel Syme, the main character was given the title of Thursday in G. K. Chesterton's novel "The Man Who Was Thursday."

Sweet Thursday is a novel by John Steinbeck (the sequel to his novel Cannery Row). The titular day, the author explains, is the day after Lousy Wednesday, and the day before Waiting Friday.

In The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams, the character Arthur Dent says "This must be Thursday. I never could get the hang of Thursdays". A few minutes later the planet Earth is destroyed. Thor, for whom the day was named, also appears later in the Hitchhiker's series and in other Adams books. Appropriately, in The Long Dark Tea-time of the Soul, one of the characters says to Thor: "I'm not used to spending the evening with someone who's got a whole day named after them".

In the cross media work Thursday's fictions by Richard James Allen and Karen Pearlman, Thursday is the title character, a woman who tries to cheat the cycle of reincarnation to get a form of eternal life. Thursday's Fictions which has been a stage production, a book, a film and an 3D online immersive world in Second Life.[5]

In Neil Gaiman's American Gods, when Wednesday introduces himself, he remarks that given the weather (he and the main character are flying in a thunderstorm), it could be Thursday, as Thor was the god of thunder.

In "Breakfast at Tiffany's (novella)," Truman Capote writes of Holly Golightly: "'Thursday.' She stood up. 'My God,' she said, and sat down again with a moan. 'It's too gruesome.'"

"Thursday Next" is the central character in a series of novels by Jasper Fforde.

In Garth Nix's popular The Keys to the Kingdom series, Thursday is an antagonist who is a personification of the actual day.

According to Nostradamus' prediction (Century 1, Quatrain 50), the Antichrist will be born of three water signs and takes Thursday as his Sabbath, or "Day of Feast."[6]

Television

"Thursday" is the name of an episode of Strange Days at Blake Holsey High. In the episode Corrine Baxter finds herself trapped in the same day over and over again, similar to the premise of the film Groundhog Day.

Cinema

Thursday (1998 film) is a movie starring Thomas Jane about the day of a drug dealer gone straight, who gets pulled back into his old lifestyle.

"Thursday" is the name of an Italian neo realistic film of the 60s.

Music

Thursday is a post-hardcore band from New Brunswick, New Jersey, formed in 1997.

"Thursday's Child" is a David Bowie song from the album hours...(1999).

"Thursday's Child" is a song by The Chameleons in Script of the Bridge (1983).

Outlook for Thursday was a hit in New Zealand for Dave Dobbyn.

In the Placebo song "Evil Dildo", the obscene telephone message is left on Thursday the 23rd of an unknown month and year. The day Thursday 23rd is often celebrated as Evil Dildo day by Placebo fans.

The Tale Of The Magic Thursday is a song from band Awaken from the album Tales Of Acid Ice Cream (1996).

Sport

Thursday is the day of the Second Round draw in the English League Cup.

Thursday nights are held for prime time television broadcasts of college and NFL professional football games in the United States.

Language

Thursday is sometimes referred to as "Friday Eve" in anticipation for the end of the work week on Friday.

For college and university students, Thursday is sometimes referred to as the new Friday. There are often fewer classes on Fridays and more opportunities to hold parties on Thursday night and sleep in on Friday. As a consequence, some call Thursday "thirstday" or "thirsty Thursday".[7]

In high schools in the United States during the 1960s, it was widely believed that if someone wore green on Thursdays, it meant that they were gay.[8]

Many office workers in the US observe "Red Shirt Thursdays" co-workers wear red as a sign of unity and patriotism.

Common occurrences

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, all general elections since 1935 have been held on a Thursday, and this has become a tradition, although not a requirement of the law — which only states that an election may be held on any day "except Saturdays, Sundays, Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, Good Friday, bank holidays in any part of the United Kingdom and any day appointed for public thanksgiving and mourning". An explanation sometimes given for the choice of Thursday as polling day is that it was, in most towns, the traditional market day, although it has also been observed that the choice has practical advantages — with the outcome of the election being known by Friday, the new or continuing administration then has the weekend to organise itself in preparation for the "government shop opening for business" on Monday, the first day of the new week following the election. It is sometimes thought that Thursday was the chosen polling day as it is furthest from the Friday and Weekend before, making it therefore the day when people were most sober.[citation needed]

Additionally, local elections are usually held on the first Thursday in May.

The Thursday before Easter is also known as Maundy Thursday or Sheer Thursday in the United Kingdom, traditionally a day of cleaning and giving out Maundy money. The Electoral Administration Act 2006 removed Maundy Thursday as an excluded day on the electoral timetable - therefore an election can now be held on Maundy Thursday.

United States

In the United States, Thanksgiving Day is an annual festival celebrated on a Thursday in November, currently the fourth Thursday.

Australia

In Australia, most movies premiere in cinemas on Thursdays and on Thursday nights. Most shopping malls are open later than on the other weekdays. This is generally until 9pm.

Also, most Australians are paid on a Thursday, either weekly or fortnightly. Shopping Malls see this as an opportunity to open longer than usual as most pay cheques are cleared by Thursday morning.

Astrology

The astrological and astronomical sign of the planet Jupiter (Jupiter) represents Thursday with similar names in Latin-derived languages, such as the French Jeudi, Italian Giovedì and Spanish Jueves. In English, this became "Thunor's Day," since the Roman god Jupiter was identified with Thunor (Norse Thor in northern Europe).

Named days

  • Black Thursday refers to October 24, 1929 when stock prices on the New York Stock Exchange fell sharply, with record volume of nearly 13 million shares. Five days later, the market crashed on volume of over 16 million shares – a level not to be surpassed for 39 years. In popular imagery, the crash has come to mark the beginning of the Great Depression.
  • Maundy Thursday refers to the Thursday before Easter, and is part of the Holy Week.

Toponyms

  • In northern France: Tardinghen (house of Tar) or Tardinghem (flamish) or Tardingham (English), name given to a village on the North sea border, by Saxons settled in the country at the end of the Roman empire. Formerly, it was a sanctuary and a fortress dedicated to Tar. Tar is the gaulish name of Thor.

References

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Contents

English

Etymology

Middle English, from Old English þursdæġ, a contraction of þunresdæġ Thor’s day. From Proto-Germanic *thonaras daga-, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tene- (to thunder).

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɜ:(r)zdeɪ, Rhymes: -ɜ:(r)zdi

Proper noun

Singular
Thursday

Plural
Thursdays

Thursday (plural Thursdays)

  1. The fifth day of the week in the USA, and the fourth day of the week in Europe and in systems using the ISO 8601 norm; it follows Wednesday and precedes Friday.

Derived terms

  • Ascension Thursday
  • Black Thursday
  • Bounds Thursday
  • Carnival Thursday
  • Chare Thursday
  • dirty tricks Thursday
  • dress-up Thursday
  • Fat Thursday
  • Great and Holy Thursday
  • Great Thursday
  • Green Thursday
  • Hallow Thursday
  • Holy Thursday
  • Maundy Thursday
  • Running Thursday
  • Shear Thursday
  • Sheer Thursday
  • Shore Thursday, Shorpthursday, Shorthursday

Translations

Adverb

Thursday (not comparable)

Positive
Thursday

Comparative
not comparable

Superlative
none (absolute)

  1. on Thursday

Translations


Simple English

According to ISO 8601, Thursday is either the fourth or fifth day of the week. It comes after Wednesday and before Friday. Thursday is named after the Norse god Thor.

Days of the Week
Sunday | Monday | Tuesday | Wednesday | Thursday | Friday | Saturday
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