Tianjin: Wikis


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—  Municipality  —
Municipality of Tianjin · 天津市
Tianjin's Skyline
Buildings in TEDA at Binhai New Area
Location within China
Coordinates: 39°8′N 117°11′E / 39.133°N 117.183°E / 39.133; 117.183
Country  China
County-level divisions 18
Township divisions 240
Settled ca. 340 BC
 - CPC Municipal Secretary Zhang Gaoli
 - Mayor Huang Xingguo
Area (ranked 30th)
 - Municipality 11,760 km2 (4,540.6 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 - Municipality 12,281,600
 Density 1,044.4/km2 (2,704.9/sq mi)
 - Ranks in China Population: 27th; Density:12th
 - Major nationalities Han - 97%
Hui - 2%
Manchu - 0.6%
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 300000 - 301900
Area code(s) 22
License plate prefixes 津A, B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K
津E (taxis)
ISO 3166-2 CN-12
GDP (2009) CNY 750.1 billion (22nd)
 - per capita CNY 62,403 (3rd)
HDI (2006) 0.881 (3rd) — high
City flower Chinese rose
(Rosa chinensis)
Website (Chinese) www.tj.gov.cn
(English) www.tj.gov.cn/english
Chinese 天津
This article contains Chinese text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.

About this sound Tianjin (Chinese: 天津pinyin: TiānjīnWade-Giles: T'ien-chin; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is the sixth largest city of the People's Republic of China in terms of urban population. Administratively it is one of the four municipalities that have provincial-level status, reporting directly to the central government. Also, its urban land area is the fifth largest in China, ranked only after Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen.

Tianjin's urban area is located along the Hai He River, which connects to the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers via the Grand Canal in Tianjin. Its ports, some distance away, are located on the Bohai Gulf in the Pacific Ocean. Tianjin was once home to foreign concessions in the late Qing Dynasty and early Kuomintang (KMT) era. The municipality incorporates the coastal region of Tanggu, home to the Binhai New Area and the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA). Tianjin Municipality borders Hebei province to the north, south, and west; the Chinese capital Beijing is to the northwest, and the Bohai Gulf to the east.



The land where Tianjin lies today was created in historical times by sedimentation of various rivers entering the sea at Bohai Gulf (渤海湾), including the Yellow River, which entered the sea in this area at one point.

The opening of the Grand Canal of China during the Sui Dynasty prompted the development of Tianjin into a trading center. Until 1404, Tianjin was called "Zhigu" (直沽), or "Straight Port". In that year, the Yongle Emperor renamed the city Tianjin, literally means "the Heavenly Ford", to indicate that the Emperor (son of heaven) forded the river at that point. This is because he had indeed forded the river in Tianjin while on a campaign to scramble for the throne from his nephew. Later on, a fort was established in Tianjin, known as "Tianjin Wei" (天津卫), the Fort of Tianjin.

Tianjin was promoted to a prefecture in 1725. Tianjin County was established under the prefecture in 1731.

In 1856, Chinese soldiers boarded The Arrow, a Chinese-owned ship registered in Hong Kong flying the British flag and suspected of piracy, smuggling and of being engaged in the opium trade. They captured 12 men and imprisoned them. In response, the British and French sent gunboats under the command of Admiral Sir Michael Seymour to capture the Taku forts (大沽砲台) near Tianjin in May 1858. At the end of the first part of the Second Opium War in June of the same year, the Treaties of Tianjin were signed, which opened Tianjin to foreign trade. The treaties were ratified by the Emperor of China in 1860, and Tianjin was formally opened to the outside world. Between 1895 and 1900, Britain and France were joined by Japan, Germany and Russia, and even by countries without other Chinese concessions such as Austria-Hungary, Italy and Belgium, in establishing self-contained concessions in Tianjin, each with its own prisons, schools, barracks and hospitals. These nations left many architectural reminders of their rule, notably churches and thousands of villas. Today those villas provide an exotic flavor to Tianjin.

19th century map of Tianjin

The presence of foreign influence in Tianjin was not always peaceful; one of the most serious violent incidents to take place was the Tianjin Church Incident (天津教案). In June 1870, Wanghailou Church (望海楼教堂) in Tianjin, built by French Roman Catholic missionaries, was accused of the kidnapping and brainwash of Chinese children. The rumour was that nuns were preserving children's eyes (it seems that the confusion came from the jars of pickle with small onions in the kitchen). On June 21, the magistrate of Tianjin County initiated a showdown at the church that developed into violent clashes between the church's Christian supporters and non-Christian Tianjin residents. The furious protestors eventually burned down Wanghailou Church and the nearby French consulate. France and six other Western nations complained to the Qing government, which was forced to pay compensation for the incident.

In June 1900, the Boxers were able to seize control of much of Tianjin. On June 26, belligerent European forces heading towards Beijing were stopped by Boxers at nearby Langfang, and were defeated and forced to turn back to Tianjin. The foreign concessions also came under siege for several weeks.

In July 1900, the Eight-Nation Alliance attacked and occupied Tianjin. They soon established the Tianjin Provisional Government, composed of representatives from each of the occupying forces (Russian, British, Japanese, German, French, American, Austro-Hungarian, and Italian). Tianjin was governed by this council until August 15, 1902 when the city was returned to Qing control. Eminent Qing General Yuan Shikai headed efforts to remake Tianjin into a modern city, establishing the first modern Chinese police force here. In 1907, Yuan supervised China's first modern democratic elections for a county council.

Tianjin was established as a municipality of China (直辖市) in 1927.

Western nations were permitted to garrison the area to ensure open access to Peking. The British maintained a brigade of two battalions there, and the Italians, French, Japanese, Germans, Russians, and Austro-Hungarians maintained understrength regiments; the United States did not initially participate. During World War I, the German and Austro-Hungarian garrisons were captured and held as Prisoners of War by Allied Forces while the Bolshevik government withdrew the Russian garrison in 1918. In 1920, the remaining participating nations asked the United States to join them, and the US then sent the 15th Infantry Regiment, less one battalion, to Tientsin from the Philippines.

Garrison duty was highly regarded by the troops. General George C Marshall, the "architect of victory" in World War II when he was the United States Army Chief of Staff, served at Tientsin in the 1920s as Executive Officer of the 15th Infantry. The US withdrew this unit in 1938 and a US presence was maintained only by the dispatch of a small US Marine Corps contingent from the Embassy Guard at Peking.

On July 30, 1937, Tianjin fell to Japan, as part of the Second Sino-Japanese War, but was not entirely occupied, as the Japanese for the most part respected foreign concessions until 1941, when the American and British concessions were occupied. In the summer of 1939, there occurred a major crisis in Anglo-Japanese relations with the Tientsin Incident. On June 14, 1939, the Imperial Japanese Army surrounded and blockaded the British concession over the refusal of the British authorities to hand over to the Japanese six Chinese who had assassinated a locally prominent Japanese collaborator, and had taken refuge in the British concession. For a time, the 1939 crisis appeared likely to cause an Anglo-Japanese war, especially when reports of the maltreatment by the Japanese Army of British subjects wishing to leave or enter the concession appeared in the British press. The crisis ended when the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain was advised by the Royal Navy and the Foreign Office that the only way to force the Japanese to lift the blockade was to send the main British battle fleet to Far Eastern waters, and that given the current crisis in Europe that it would be inappropriate to send the British fleet out of European waters, thus leading the British to finally turn over the six Chinese, who were then executed by the Japanese. During the Japanese occupation, Tianjin was ruled by the North China Executive Committee, a puppet state based in Beijing.

On August 9, 1940, all of the British troops in Tianjin were ordered to withdraw. On November 14, 1941 the American Marine unit stationed in Tianjin was ordered to leave, but before this could be accomplished, the Japanese attacked the United States. The small 47 man American Marine detachment surrendered to the Japanese on December 8, 1941. Only the Italian and French concessions (the local French officials were loyal to Vichy) were allowed to continue by the Japanese. Japanese occupation lasted until August 15, 1945, the surrender of Japan marking the end of World War II.


2002 satellite image showing the core of the Tianjin city area

Tianjin is at the northern end of the Grand Canal of China(大运河), which connects with the Yellow River (黃河) and Yangtze River (长江).

Tianjin Municipality is generally flat, and swampy near the coast, but hilly in the far north, where the Yanshan Mountains (燕山) pass through the tip of northern Tianjin. The highest point in Tianjin is Jiushanding Peak on the northern border with Hebei, at an altitude of 1078 m.

The Hai He River (海河) forms within Tianjin Municipality at the confluence of the Ziya River(子牙河), Daqing River(大清河), Yongding River(永定河), North Grand Canal, and South Grand Canal; and enters the Pacific Ocean at Tianjin Municipality as well, in Dagu District. Major reservoirs include the Beidagang Reservoir in the extreme south (in Dagang District) and the Yuqiao Reservoir in the extreme north (in Ji County).

The urban area of Tianjin is found in the south-central part of the Municipality. In addition to the main urban area of Tianjin proper, the coast along the Bohai is lined with a series of port towns, including Tanggu (塘沽) and Hangu(汉沽).

Tianjin's climate is a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Koppen climate classification Cwa) characterized by hot, humid summers, due to the monsoon, and dry, cold winters, due to the Siberian anticyclone that are still above -3C. Average high/low in January and July are 1.8 °C (35.2 °F)/−7.5 °C (18 °F) and 31.0 °C (87.8 °F)/22.7 °C (72.9 °F) respectively. Spring is windy but dry, and most of the precipitation takes place in July and August. Tianjin also experiences occasional spring sandstorms which blow in from the Gobi Desert and may last for several days.

Climate chart (explanation)
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
Climate data for Tianjin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.8
Average low °C (°F) -7.5
Precipitation mm (inches) 3.3
Sunshine hours 178.3 176.9 205.3 229.8 265.7 251.2 217.6 223.3 223.3 211.1 173.1 166.2 2,521.9
% Humidity 56 54 53 51 56 64 76 77 68 64 63 59 62
Avg. precipitation days 2 3 3 5 6 8 13 11 6 5 4 2 68
Source: 中国气象局 国家气象信息中心 2009-03-17
Source #2: World Meteorological Organisation (UN)[1] 2009 December 28

Administrative divisions

Tianjin is divided into 16 county-level divisions, including 13 districts and 3 counties.

Airport Industrial Park, Dongli District

     Tianjin Proper:

District Population (2006 census) Area (km²) Density (per km²)
Heping District (和平区: Hépíng Qū) 470,000 9.97
Hexi District (河西区: Héxī Qū) 740,000 37
Hebei District (河北区: Héběi Qū) 620,000 27
Nankai District (南开区: Nánkāi Qū) 790,000 40.64
Hedong District (河东区: Hédōng Qū) 680,000 39
Hongqiao District (红桥区: Hōngqiáo Qū) 620,000 21.3


District Population (2008 census) Area (km²) Density (per km²)
Binhai New Area (滨海新区: Bīnhǎi Xīn Qū) 1,000,000 2660

     Tianjin Suburbs:

District Population (2008 census) Area (km²) Density (per km²)
Jinnan District (津南区: Jīnnán Qū) 380,000 401
Dongli District (东丽区: Dōnglì Qū) 320,000 460
Xiqing District (西青区: Xīqīng Qū) 330,000 545
Beichen District (北辰区: Běichén Qū) 320,000 478

     Tianjin Rural:

District Population (2008 census) Area (km²) Density (per km²)
Baodi District (宝坻区: Bǎodǐ Qū) 650,000 1,523
Wuqing District (武清区: Wǔqīng Qū) 840,000 1,570
Ji County (蓟县: Jì Xiàn) 810,000 1,590
Jinghai County (静海县: Jìnghǎi Xiàn) 520,000 1,476
Ninghe County (宁河县: Nínghé Xiàn) 360,000 1,414

In addition, the Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Area (TEDA) is not a formal level of administration, but nevertheless enjoys rights similar to a regular district.

These districts and counties are further subdivided, as of December 31, 2004, into 240 township-level divisions, including 120 towns, 18 townships, 2 ethnic townships and 100 subdistricts.


The politics of Tianjin is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the mainland China.

The Mayor of Tianjin is the highest ranking official in the People's Government of Tianjin. Since Tianjin is a municipality, the Communist Party of China Municipal Committee Secretary is colloquially termed the "Tianjin CPC Party chief".


Wen Jiabao, Premier of the People's Republic of China, speaks at the Opening Plenary session at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting of the New Champions in Tianjin, China 27 September 2008.

The nominal GDP for Tianjin was 750 billion yuan (US$110 billion) in 2009, a year-on-year increase of 16.5%.[2]

In 2009, per capita GDP was 62,403 yuan (US$9,136). The manufacturing sector was the largest (54.8%) and fastest-growing (18.2%) sector of Tianjin's economy. Urban disposable income per capita was 21,430 yuan, a real increase of 10.3% from the previous year. Rural pure income per capita was 10,675 yuan, a real increase of 10.4% from the previous year.

Farmland takes up about 40% of Tianjin Municipality's total area. Wheat, rice, and maize are the most important crops. Fishing is important along the coast. Tianjin is also an important industrial base. Major industries include petrochemical industries, textiles, car manufacturing, mechanical industries, and metalworking.

Tianjin Municipality also has deposits of about 1 billion tonnes of petroleum, with Dagang District containing important oilfields. Salt production is also important, with Changlu Yanqu being one of China's most important salt production areas. Geothermal energy is another resource of Tianjin. Deposits of manganese and boron under Tianjin were the first to be found in China.

EADS Airbus has already opened an assembly plant for its A320 series airliners, operational since 2009. AVIC I and AVIC II will be EADS' local partners for the site, to which subassemblies will be sent from plants around the world.[3]

Economic and Technological Development Zones


At the end of 2009, the population of Tianjin Municipality was 12.28 million, of which 9.8 million were residential holders of Tianjin hukou (permanent residence). Among Tianjin permanent residents, 5.99 million were urban, and 3.81 million were rural. The population will grow to 14 million (out of which 11,5 million will be urban population [4]

The majority of Tianjin residents are Han Chinese. There are also 51 out of the 55 minor Chinese ethnic groups living in Tianjin. Major minorities include Hui, Koreans, Manchus, and Mongols.

Old Guanyinhao Bank
Ethnic groups in Tianjin, 2000 census
Ethnicity Population Percentage
Han 9,581,775 97.29%
Hui 172,357 1.75%
Manchu 56,548 0.57%
Mongol 11,331 0.12%
Korean 11,041 0.11%
Zhuang 4055 0.041%
Tujia 3677 0.037%

Excludes members of the People's Liberation Army in active service.
Source: Department of Population, Social, Science and Technology Statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics of China (國家統計局人口和社會科技統計司) and Department of Economic Development of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission of China (國家民族事務委員會經濟發展司), eds. Tabulation on Nationalities of 2000 Population Census of China (《2000年人口普查中國民族人口資料》). 2 vols. Beijing: Nationalities Publishing House (民族出版社), 2003. (ISBN )


Tianjin People's Broadcasting Station is the major radio station in Tianjin. Broadcasting in nine channels, it serves most of North China, part of East and Northeast China, reaching an audience of over 100 million.[5] (Chinese) Tianjin Television, the local television station, broadcasts in nine channels. It also boasts a paid digital channel, featuring home improvement programs.[6] (Chinese) Both the radio and television stations are now branches of the Tianjin Film, Radio and Television Group, established in October 2002.[7] (Chinese)

Major local newspapers include the Tianjin Daily and Jin Wan Bao (literally, tonight newspaper), which are the flagship papers of Tianjin Daily Newspaper Group and Jinwan Mass Media Group, respectively.


Confucian Temple in Tianjin

People from urban Tianjin speak Tianjin dialect, which comes under the Mandarin subdivision of spoken Chinese. Despite its proximity to Beijing, Tianjin dialect sounds quite different from Beijing dialect, which provides the basis for Putonghua, official spoken language of the People's Republic of China.

Tianjin cuisine places a heavy focus on seafood, due to Tianjin's proximity to the sea. Prominent menus include the Eight Great Bowls (八大碗), a combination of eight mainly meat dishes. It can be further classified into several varieties, including the rough (粗), smooth (S: 细 / T: 細), and high (高). The Four Great Stews (四大扒) refers actually to a very large number of stews, including chicken, duck, seafood, beef, and mutton.

Tianjin also has several famous snack items. Goubuli (狗不理包子) is a traditional brand of baozi (包子) (steamed buns with filling) that is famous throughout China. Guifaxiang (桂发祥麻花) is a traditional brand of mahua (麻花) (twisted dough sticks). Erduoyan (耳朵眼炸糕) is a traditional brand of fried rice cakes.

Tianjin is a respected home base of Beijing opera, one of the most prestigious forms of Chinese opera.

Tianjin is famous for its stand up [comedy] and comedians including Guo Degang and Ma Sanli. Ma Sanli (马三立) (1914 - 2003), an ethnic Hui and longtime resident of Tianjin, is paramountly respected in China for his xiangsheng (相声), a hugely popular form of Chinese entertainment similar to stand-up comedy. Ma Sanli delivered some of his xiangsheng in the Tianjin dialect (天津话).

Yangliuqing (Green Willows), a town about 15 km west of Tianjin's urban area and the seat of Tianjin's Xiqing District, is famous for its popular Chinese New Year-themed, traditional-style, colourful wash paintings (杨柳青年画). Tianjin is also famous for Zhang's clay figurines (泥人张) which are a type of colourful figurine depicting a variety of vivid characters, and Tianjin's Wei's kites (风筝魏), which can be folded to a fraction of their full sizes, are noted for portability.

Stereotypes and native performance art

People from Tianjin are stereotyped to be talkative, eloquent, humorous, open, and unfettered.[citation needed] There is a term for the stereotype of the always-eloquent and sometimes-humorous Tianjin native: wèizuǐzi (卫嘴子), which translates roughly as "the Tianjin mouth". Tianjin is famous for its native talking art - Xiangsheng, sometimes translated as crosstalk, is a traditional Chinese comedy duo performance in the form of a dialogue, rich in puns and allusions, is used in a rapid, bantering style. Xiangsheng is one of China's foremost performing arts. Canadian xiangsheng comedian Dashan (Mark Rowswell) says the closest equivalent in English would be Abbott and Costello's "Who's on First?" sketch.[8]


Public transit

Modern Tram Translohr serving in TEDA Tianjin

The Tianjin tram network was awarded to a Belgian company in 1904 and opened in 1906. It was the first city-wide tramway system in China. There were 402 bus lines in the city as of 2004.[9]

Construction work on the Tianjin Metro started on July 4, 1970. It was the second metro to be built in China and commenced service in 1984. The total length of track is 7.4 kilometers. The metro service was suspended on October 9, 2001 for recontruction. This new metro is now called Line 1. It was re-opened to the public in June 2006. The track was extended to 26.188 kilometers and there will be a total of 22 stations. Previously, there were 8 stations. Several new metro lines are planned. Construction work on Line 2 and Line 3 are ongoing.

There is also a light railway line in the city, the Binhai Mass Transit line. The line runs between downtown Tianjin and TEDA (Tianjin Economic Development Area) in the seaside region. The eastern part of the line began service on March 28, 2004. The western part of the line is scheduled to be completed in 2006.

There is also a guided rail tram system in TEDA, called TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram.


The Tianjin Subway consist of two rapid transit system: Tianjin Metro and Binhai Mass Transit is currently under heavy expansion from 3 lines to 9 lines. 4 lines are currently operating both in the City and the Binhai area.

As of October 2009, the entire network of Tianjin Metro and Binhai Mass Transit has 50 stations and 4 lines.

There are two primary subway operators in Tianjin:

Number & Name Terminals Interchange Opening Year
1 Line 1 Shuanglin - Liuyuan - 1970
9 Line 9 Zhongshanmen - Xinlizhen B1 2004
Number & Name Terminals Interchange Opening Year
B1 Line B1 Xinlizhen - Donghai Lu 9, T 2004
T TEDA MGRT TEDA - North of College District B1 2007

Current map of Tianjin Subway

Tianjin Subway long term plan map
Current map of Tianjin Subway


There are several railway stations in the city, Tianjin Railway Station being the principal one. It was built in 1888, initially, the station was located at Wangdaozhuang (S: 旺道庄 / T: 旺道莊). The station was later moved to Laolongtou (S: 老龙头 / T: 老龍頭) on the banks of the Hai He River in 1892, so the station was renamed Laolongtou Railway Station. The station was rebuilt from scratch in 1988. The rebuilding work began on April 15, 1987 and was finished on October 1, 1988. The Tianjin Railway Station is also locally called the 'East Station', due to its geographical position. In January 2007 the station began another long-term restructuring project to modernize the facility and as part of the larger Tianjin transportation hub project involving Tianjin Metro lines 2, 3, and 9 as well as the Tianjin-Beijing High-speed rail.

Tianjin West Railway Station and Tianjin North Railway Station are also major railway stations in Tianjin. There is also Tanggu Railway Station is located in the important port area of Tanggu District, and TEDA Railway Station located in TEDA, to the north of Tanggu. There are several other railway stations in the city that do not handle passenger traffic.

Construction on a Beijing-Tianjin high-speed rail began on July 4, 2005 and was completed by August 2008.

The following rail lines go through Tianjin:

Starting from Aug. 1, 2008, all trains stopping at the previous Tianjin Temporary Passenger Station will now instead use the newly completed Tianjin Railway Station.

Also, the inter-city trains between Beijing and Tianjin will adopt a new numbering system: Cxxxx (C stands for City in Chinese). The train numbers range between C2001~C2298:

  • C2001~C2198: From Beijing South Station to Tianjin, non-stop.
  • C2201~C2268: From Beijing South Station to Tianjin, with stops at Wuqing Station (武清站) or Yizhuang Station (亦庄站);
  • C2271~C2298: From Beijing South Station to Tanggu Station of Tianjin.


The new C trains take only 30 min between Beijing and Tianjin, cutting the previous D train time by more than a half. The ticket price as of Aug. 15, 08 is 69 RMB for the first-class seat and 58 RMB for the second-class seat.

Tianjin Bus Route 606

Roads and expressways

Some spots in Tianjin, including roads and bridges, have names from Dr. Sun Yat-Sen's Three Principles of the People (for example, Minquan Gate on Zhonghuan Road). Names harkening back to the era of the Republic of China on the mainland also appear (e.g. Beiyang Road). Many roads in Tianjin are named after a Chinese province or city. Also, Tianjin is unlike Beijing, in that very few roads run parallel to the major four compass directions.

Tianjin has three ring roads. Unlike Beijing, the Inner and Middle Ring Roads are not closed, traffic-controlled roadways and some often have traffic light intersections. The Outer Ring Road is the closest thing to a highway-level ring road, although traffic is often chaotic and sometimes more than chaotic.

Tianjin's roads often finish in dao (道 avenue), xian (S: 线 / T: 線) line, more used for highways and through routes) and lu (路 road). Jie (街 street) is rare. As Tianjin's roads are rarely in a cardinal compass direction, jing (S: 经 / T: 經) roads and wei (S: 纬 / T: 緯) roads often appear, which attempt to run more directly north-south and east-west, respectively.

The following seven expressways of China run in or through Tianjin:

The following six China National Highways pass through Tianjin:

The expressways are sometimes closed due to dense fog particularly in the Autumn and Spring.


Tianjin Binhai International Airport (ZBTJ) is located in the east of the urban area, in Dongli District.


A Mazu Temple in Tianjin
Entrance to Ancient Culture Street
Italian District
Jin Wan square

Sights and landmarks within the Tianjin urban area include:

Sights outside the Tianjin urban area, but within the municipality, including Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area:

Sports teams

Sports teams based in Tianjin include:

Chinese Super League

China Baseball League

China Women Volleyball League

  • Tianjin Bridgestone Women Volleyball Team


Tianjin Foreign Studies University

Colleges and universities

Under the National Ministry of Education:

Under the national Civil Aviation Authority:

Under the government of Hebei Province:

Under the municipal government:

Foreign institutions:

Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Tianjin is twinned with:

City Country Sister city since:
Japan Kobe Japan June 24, 1973
United States Fitchburg United States
United States Philadelphia United States February 10, 1980
United States Dallas United States
United States Greenville United States
Israel Rishon LeZion Israel
Australia Melbourne Australia May 5, 1980
Japan Yokkaichi Japan October 28, 1980
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina May 28, 1981
France Nord-Pas de Calais France October 10, 1984
Italy Milan Italy May 9, 1985
Netherlands Groningen Netherlands September 12, 1985
Japan Chiba Japan May 7, 1986
Georgia (country) Kutaisi Georgia
Bulgaria Plovdiv Region Bulgaria October 15, 1989
Turkey İzmir Turkey September 23, 1991
Côte d'Ivoire Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire September 26, 1992
Mongolia Ulan Bator Mongolia September 27, 1992
Ukraine Kharkiv Ukraine June 14, 1993
Sweden Jönköping Sweden September 23, 1993
South Korea Incheon South Korea December 7, 1993
Poland Łódź Poland October 1, 1994
Brazil Rio de Janeiro (state) Brazil April 18, 1995
Brazil Amazonas State Brazil October 20, 1997
Vietnam Haiphong Vietnam January 8, 1999
Finland Turku Finland August 17, 2000
United States Clarence United States November 10, 2001
Greece Thessaloniki Greece March 4, 2002
North Korea Nampo North Korea August 11, 2002

Astronomical phenomena

At 39°07.5′N 117°11.7′E / 39.125°N 117.195°E / 39.125; 117.195, the previous total solar eclipse was the solar eclipse of October 28, 1277, the next total solar eclipse will be on July 6, 2187.

Total solar eclipses from 1001 to 3000 are:

  • 1277-Oct-28 13:21 CST
  • 2187-Jul-06 17:13 CST
  • 2415-Apr-10 10:49 CST
  • 2636-May-27 05:09 CST
  • 2762-Aug-12 09:43 CST

Annular solar eclipses from 1001 to 3000 are:

  • 1189-Feb-17 11:37 CST
  • 1292-Jan-21 13:30 CST
  • 1665-Jan-16 16:42 CST
  • 1802-Aug-28 15:48 CST
  • 2118-Mar-22 15:33 CST
  • 2439-Jun-12 07:52 CST
  • 2686-Sep-10 07:12 CST
  • 2739-Apr-30 08:41 CST
  • 2894-Dec-18 14:38 CST

Wikisource has an article about solar eclipses as seen from Tianjin from 2001 to 3000.

See also


Further reading

  • Ruth Rogaski. Hygienic Modernity: Meanings of Health and Disease in Treaty-Port China. University of California Press, 2004.
Economic data

External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Tianjin (天津; Tiānjīn) is a municipality in China.


Despite its size and importance as a port, the city lacks the vitality of other large Chinese coastal cities, and has been unable to attract the same degree of investment as places such as Guangzhou and Shanghai. However, new development is increasing rapidly and Tianjin is now catching up to nearby cities such as Beijing.

Get in

By plane

If traveling internationally, it will be easiest for you to fly into the Beijing International Airport. To get to Tianjin from the airport, take a bus found on the 2nd floor of the parking garage out of Terminal 2.

Tianjin does have its own airport, the Tianjin Binhai International Airport (ZBTJ) is about 15 kilometers to the east of the urban area. Most flights are domestic, although there is nonstop service to Hong Kong, Seoul, Nagoya and Kuala Lumpur.

By train (need update)

Tianjin Railway Station is the largest station in the city. It was first built in 1888 and then rebuilt in 1988. The station is now being rebuilt again and will be open for service in August 2008. There are also several other railway stations in the urban area, Tianjin West and Tianjin North. Tanggu station serves the seaside district Tanggu and currently being renovated, while Taida station is a small station located in TEDA, 5 km east of Tanggu station.

Before the reopening of the new station, Tianjin railway station is served by a temporary station that 4 km east. When you arrive at the Tianjin train station, take a Number 8 City Bus to the Polytechnic University stop (second stop from the station). You can then find a good, safe, legal taxi for the metered fare. The bus costs ¥1.50 or ¥2, and the announcements are in Mandarin and English. Taxis at the train station are a total scam.

Tianjin railway station is now open for the Bullet train to Beijing South train station. Ticket from Tianjin to Beijing south cost ¥58 per trip. The bullet train number start with a 'C' and take about 30 min to reach Beijing south, travelling up to a speed of 331km/h.

There are shuttle bus between Tianjin railway station and Tianjin airport. The shuttle bus ticket cost ¥10 per trip. The shuttle bus stop about 200 m from the train station. When one get down from the shuttle bus, just walk along the pavement and you will reach the train station.

Should you choose to take taxi, please use the official taxi stand (just follow the signage ). The fare from Tianjin railway station to Tianjin airport is about ¥65. It is not advisable to use any of the touts that offer taxi services. The official taxi stand has plenty of taxis.

If leaving the station by taxi, be prepared for a production-line approach to getting the punters into taxis. Marshals allow little time to stow children, bags & board taxis before encouraging the taxis to leave regardless, for example, of whether the only occupant is a lone foreign child, while you are still trying to get the driver to understand the destination. Taxis drivers in Tianjin will generally have little or no English.

By car

The expressways to Beijing are sometimes closed due to dense fog in the Autumn and Spring so allow extra time if planning on using them during this period.

Taxis from Beijing and Tianjin cost about ¥50-60 per seat (4 seats in total), but these may be illegal taxis.

You can RENT a CAR managed by an international and safe company calling to +86 1310 210 7700 or visiting the web site www.rentcartianjin.com

By bus

Tianjin is well connected with other cities via bus. The price from Beijing is about ¥30.

There are also two school bus lines linking Nankai and Tianjin Universities and Tsinghua University. They depart daily at 3:45PM and 4:45PM from Tsinghua North-West Gate.

You can book or RENT a BUS managed by an international and safe management company calling to +86 1310 210 7700 or visiting the web site www.chinabustravel.com

By boat

Tianjin is connected to Dalian as well Incheon, South Korea, by passenger boat.

Kobe, Japan - is served by a weekly China Express Line[1] ferry, departing Kobe at 11AM on Fridays and arriving in Tianjin at 2PM on Sundays. It takes 51 hours to do the nearly 2000 kilometer crossing between the two cities. Tianjin Office Tel.:+86 22-2420-5777

Get around

Founded in 1904, the Tianjin bus system was the first in China, and the metro was second in the nation (1970) and today the city is well served by its public transportation. Within the city, traveling on a bus line that is less than 12 km will cost ¥1.5, while ¥1 will cover a journey on any line over 12 kilometers, even if you travel less than 12 kilometers but on a line that is over this distance, the cost is still ¥1. It's well worth your time to look up popular bus routes. And the buses are all comfortable and clean.

The old Tianjin metro was suspended in 2001, but after refurbishing was re-opened on 28 May 2006. In addition, a light railway line runs between the urban area of Zhongshanmen to the seaside area Donghailu in TEDA.

You can book a personalize tour around Tianjin calling to +86 1310 210 7700 or visiting the web site www.thestarstravel.com. They can offer from Air Tickets, book hotels, private tours by car or bus, etc...

By taxi

Taxis are abundant, and the price is not high. The minimum cost for 3 km is ¥8, and then a further ¥1.7 is added for every kilometer after that. Taxis also charge for the time while the vehicle is stationary at ¥1.7 for every five minutes (cost is exempt for less than five minutes. However, it is strongly recommended that you do not take a taxi from near the railway station. See note in the Get in-By train section above about how to avoid train station taxis. The same advice applies at tourist stops, it is best to walk a few blocks to a regular street to catch a metered taxi. Do not support non-metered taxi drivers! There are plenty of legal taxis.

You can rent a taxi for the day or even for a few hours. For example you could have a taxi wait for a few hours while you visit a tourist attraction such as the harbor area. The drivers are happy to wait, and the cost for two hours would be less than ¥100.

Another caution about taxis is that there are toll roads in some parts of China. In a taxi, you will be expected to pay the base fare plus the toll fee. The driver pays the toll and receives a receipt at the toll booth. At your destination, you ask for the receipt(s) and pay that amount plus the base fare. If you are going a long way, you may also be asked to pay for the return toll fee. That is a legitimate request, although you could argue that the driver will pick up another fare to pay for the toll anyway. You may or may not succeed with the driver.

Lastly, tipping taxi drivers is a Western trait. Most local Chinese do not tip except for exceptional service. You will not be treated poorly if you cannot afford to tip or to tip much. It would be generous of you to tip in certain situations, perhaps when the driver gets out to handle your baggage.

By train

Don't be afraid of the train either. The fast train between Tianjin and Beijing is a bargain and is comfortable with plush seats and bi-lingual announcements. If you take an older train, buy a group of 4 or 6 tickets all seated together. Otherwise, you may find yourself on a bench with 3-5 strangers pressed up against you for the ride. Booths on the train come in sets of 4 or 6 seats. If you're a tourist, no one will blink an eye at your extravagance. Bring your own food and drinks, although all the trains provide hot, safe water for tea and noodle bowls. Only the fast train has a Western style toilet.

Tianjin Dabei Monastery.
  • Dabei Monastery (大悲院; Dàbēiyuàn; lit. Great Compassion Temple), Tianwei Road, Hebei District (河北区天纬路; Héběiqū Tiānwěilù (About 2km west of Tianjin North Railway Station. Take buses 1, 2, 4, 12, 18, 34, 177, 609, 609, 610, 611, 619, 632, 641, 646, 659, 670, 671, 818, 861, 878, 904 to Jingangqiao Station (金钢桥; Jīngāngqiáo) on Zhongshan Road (中山路; Zhōngshānlù) and walk northwest of Tianwei Road). 9AM-11:20AM, 2PM-4:30PM. The monestary was first built in the Ming Dynasty, but has been heavily rebuilt and renovated since and consists now of the West Monestary from 1669 and the East Monestary from 1940. It is the largest and oldest in town covering 10,600 sqm. The temple houses Tianjin Buddhist Institute and exhibits quite many ancient statues. ¥10.  edit
  • Confucian Temple, 2 Dongmenli, Nankai District (南开区东门里大街2号; Nánkāiqū Dōngménlǐdàjiē. 9AM-5PM. Early Qing Dynasty temple with a hall to honour Confucius and other halls for prayers. ¥4.  edit
  • Grand Mosque (清真大寺; Qīngzhēndàsì), Xiaohuo Lane, Dafeng Road, Hongqiao District (红桥区红桥区大丰路小伙巷; Hóngqiáoqū Dàfēnglù Xiǎohuǒxiàng) (Close to the Ancient Cultural Street, northeast of Xibeijue Metro Station (西北角; Xīběijué)). 9AM-5PM. Built in 1644 and constructed in wood. The mosque is still in use by the Tianjin Muslim community. Access for tourists to the interiour is limited. Free.  edit
  • Xikai Church (西开天主教堂; Xīkāitiānzhǔjiàotáng; also known as the French Church or the Catholic Church), Dushan Road (; ), +86 22 28358812. M-Sa 9AM-11AM, 2PM-4PM. Built in 1917 by French Jesuits.  edit
Tianjin Drum Tower.
Tianjin Drum Tower.
  • Drum Tower (鼓楼; Gǔlóu), Gulou East Street, Nankai District (南开区鼓楼东街; Nánkāiqū Gǔlóudōngjiē) (Bus 652 will take you right to the door, buses 161, 635, 652, 657, 855, 863, 865 will also get you really close). The tower was originally built in the Ming Dynasty, but was destroyed during the culture revolution. The Drum Tower was rebuilt in 2001 and now actually houses a bell and not drums. The tower is home to varying exhibitions. Free.  edit
  • Tianjin Radio&TV Tower (广播电视塔; Guǎngbōdiànshìtǎ), 1 Jinzi Road, Hexi District, +86 22 23343557. The fourth largest tower in the world. But this one might be the most spectacular as it is surrounded by water.  edit
  • Seaside Amusement Park.  edit
  • Water Park.  edit
  • Pan Mountain Scenic Area.  edit
  • Beining Park.  edit
  • Central Park.  edit
  • Shuishang Park.  edit
  • Tianta Lake Scenic Area.  edit
  • Tianjin Museum.  edit
  • Tianjin Museum of Science and Technology.  edit
  • Tianjin Natural History Museum.  edit
  • Tianjin Opera Museum.  edit
  • Tianjin Fine Art Museum.  edit
  • Memorial Hall of Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao.   edit
  • Ancient Cultural Street (古文化街; Gǔwénhuàjiē), Gongbei Avenue-Gongnan Avenue, Nankai District (南开区 宫北大街-宫南大街; Nánkāiqū Gōngběidàjiē-Gōngnándàjiē) (2km east of Xibeijue Train Station (西北角), buses 1, 4, 12, 15, 611, 612, 619, 624, 824 will also take you much closer to the street). Street not only lined with shops and cafes but also with interesting architecture, including lots of copies of Qing Dynasty buildings. Some of the most interesting buildings are Tianhou Palace (天后宫; Tiānhòugōng; Mazu temple), Yuhuang Cabinet (玉皇阁; Yùhuánggé; Ming Dynasty building) and Tongqingli (large residential building). This street is worth a visit even if it is very touristy.  edit
  • Gulou Street (鼓楼街; Gǔlóujiē; lit. Drum Tower Street), Gulou West Street-Gulou East Street, Nankai District (南开区 鼓楼西街-鼓楼东街; Nánkāiqū Gǔlóuxījiē-Gǔlóudōngjiē) (Getting off at Xinanjue Train Station (西南角) you will be 500m south of the far western end of Gulou Street, bus 652 is running along part of the street, and buses 161, 635, 652, 657, 855, 863, 865 are crossing the street). Ancient cultural street full of cheap and tasty cafes.  edit
  • Heping Road. One of the busiest shopping precincts in Tianjin.  edit
  • Machang Dao. Lined with large English style homes, another cultural street in Tianjin.  edit
  • Binjiang Dao. Enormous street with block upon block of stalls and shops containing almost anything you may need.  edit
  • Binhai District. The 183-square-kilometer Binhai New District holds three administrative areas, Tanggu, Hangu and Dagang, as well as some towns.  edit
  • Huangyaguan. Worth a visit for its water run-off controls, well-preserved Great Wall of China towers, challenging hiking and striking scenery.  edit
  • Eight Immortals Mountain.  edit
  • Nine Dragon Mountain.  edit
  • Dule Temple.  edit


Not a tourist-friendly destination compared to other major cities, Tianjin is not visited by a large number of foreigners. However, if you want to get to know the real China, it's a great place. Everyone is friendly and many people will say "Good Morning" or "Hello" to you in English, even if that's all the English they know.


Putonghua is standard Mandarin and is most often spoken in Tianjin, any Putonghua you learn will be helpful throughout your visit.

Optionally, buy a good translator, preferably after arriving in Tianjin, as the prices are about 1/2 what they are in the U.S. Also, most restaurants have a picture menu where you can point and order.

There are Tianjin tourist maps with destinations written in Chinese characters and English. Pointing at where you want to go will get you a long way with taxi drivers. It might be a good idea to take a magnifying glass along as many of the drivers have trouble with the small print.

You could also learn the hand gestures for numbers that sellers and buyers occasionally use for negotiating. Always carry a pen and paper too.

Learning a few of the city bus routes for popular destinations may be useful (and especially for leaving the train stations and other tourist areas where taxis might try to rip you off).

  • There are many opportunities for English speakers to work as a "English Language Instructor" in Tianjin.
  • There are an international consulting company called BOXINVES managed by foreigners that provide free assistance to find a full or part time job, and offer intership programs in their group of companies in China. You can contact them in www.boxinves.com and send emails to csc@boxinves.com


Tianjin has both modern shopping malls and distinctive traditional stores, for shopping delight. Binjiang Dao Business Street and Heping Lu Business Street are the busiest and most prosperous shopping centers in Tianjin. Most of the top shopping malls or department stores can be found on these two streets, like:

  • Quanye Chang. The most famous department store.  edit
  • Isetan Department Store.  edit
  • Jinhui Shopping Square.  edit

One of the largest shopping districts is in Tianjin, near the Wal-Mart Supercenter:

  • The Ancient Cultural Street. Has a lot of souvenirs and trinkets, but you must know (or learn) how to bargain. A small silk handbag is worth ¥12-20; a set of 4-6 chopstick sets is worth about ¥50-60 in Beijing and about ¥35-45 in Tianjin; large dolls are worth about ¥80-120 depending on how excited you seem to the seller.  edit

There are other large shopping districts where only local people shop. You will be a novelty in those areas, but you do not need to be nervous. You will probably get some great deals because even the inflated tourist prices in Tianjin are half what what they are in Beijing! Add in some friendly bargaining, and you will feel like the Champion Shopper of the World!

Tianjin is famous for the following products:

  • Tea. Buy from the best at the many authentic Chinese tea houses in Tianjin.  edit
  • Ceramic Figurines. Tianjin is famous for its high quality ceramics. These are a great souvenir to take home.  edit
  • Shenyang Dao Antique Market. Biggest antiques market in China, this is a place that is a must see on any travelers list. Shenyang Dao Antique Market is filled with all kinds of shops selling porcelain items, paintings, gold, silver, copper, jade etc.  edit



There are many inexpensive street markets throughout the city.


The most famous restaurants in Tianjin include:

  • Goubuli (狗不理包子; Gǒubùlǐ Bāozi), 77 Shandong Road, Heping District (和平区山东路77号; Hépíngqū Shāndōnglù), +86 22 27302540. Steamed buns restaurant also serving other dishes. Expect ¥50-100 for a couple.  edit
  • Guifaxiang Mahua.  edit
  • Erduoyan Zhagao.  edit

Other options include:

  • Qishilin (Kiessling). Western food with good reputation.  edit
  • YY Beer House, 3 Aomen Road, Heping District (Behind the International Building), +86 22 23399634. A great inexpensive Thai restaurant offering a wide selection of beers. A great place to visit during the Thai Water Splashing festival in the spring!  edit
  • Amazon Brazilian B.B.Q. Bar, 189 Nanjing Road, Heping District (In the basement of the Exchange), +86 22 83191098. Does exactly what it says on the tin and has an enthusiastic, if slightly kitschy Filipino band providing live music as you munch.  edit
  • Alli Baba, 2 Hutong, Tongan Road, Nankai University, +86 22 2351 3976. Featuring international cuisine and foreign student clientele close to the Nankai University campus, which has a whole range of dishes such as pasta, pizza, salad, etc.  edit
  • Sheraton Hotel, Zijinshan Road, Hexi District, +86 22 2334 3388. Fine dining available at one of three top quality restaurants available onsite.  edit
  • C’est la Vie, +86 22 2341 9808. Pricey, but fantastic authentic French food for special occasions.  edit
  • Bawarchi, 3/F Shanggu Business Complex West Building, 69 Tianta Road, Nankai District, +86 22 23412786. Great Indian food, cooked in a traditional Indian tandoor clay oven by Indian chefs.  edit


There are a number of expat bars catering to the visiting business community, most of which can be a little expensive (¥25 upwards for a small bottle of beer) so if you like something a bit more laidback and comfortable, some recommended venues are as follows.

  • Jim’s Café, 6 Changdu Road, Heping District (Near the intersection of Yingkou Dao and Qixiangtai Road), +86 22 28717172. Jim’s is a bit like Cheers, in that everyone knows your name, the food is not the greatest but it has a mix of Western and Chinese dishes. The staff are friendly, speak good English and there is free internet access and a pool table. Good spot for a great night out. Cheap food; ¥8 for a large Tsingdao Beer.  edit
  • Alibaba, Nameless lane, Opposite Bengon's, Tongan Dao, Heping District (和平区同安道兵果士对面无名的小街; Hépíngqū Tóngāndào Bīngguǒshìduìmiàn Wúmíngdexiǎojiē) (Small lane opposite Bengon’s on Tongan Dao). Comes in a close second to Jim’s. Good Western food, cheap beer and table football. There is also a newly constructed Number 10 Downing Street themed private dining room for hire at the back. Also provides free internet access.  edit
  • The Tavern, Joy Business Center, Building B, 3rd Floor, +86 22 23419696. More up-market and therefore slightly more pricey but a great place to hang out nonetheless. Run by the ever-welcoming British born Aussie, David, they have a good selection of draught beers and live music.  edit
  • Rainbow Pub, 12 Yanhe Road, Hexi District (河西区沿河路12号; Héīqū Yánhélù) (Near Sheraton). Very similar to pubs you might find in an English suburban town except the clientele are predominately Chinese. There is also a very kitsch Filipino band in residence here. Great fun and unpretentious to the end. Has recently received some very poor reviews by expats in Tianjin.  edit

As far as clubs go, Tianjin is a big university city both for Chinese and foreign students so there are lots of places for dancing. The music policy tends to be mostly Western and Chinese dance, pop and hip hop/R&B, so if you have more alternative tastes in music, the clubs are possibly not for you! However, some notables are:

  • New York Bar, Weijing Road (Opposite Nankai Uni, 4th floor of the KFC building). Was one of the hits in Tianjin 2-3 years ago. But soon went down because of the DJ's who played there. It became the place for arabics and Xinjian People.  edit
  • Sitong Bar, (In the Olympic building). Basement of Olympic Hotel, rather nice environment with good service. But was better when they first opened. Have become the only place people go. The Filipino band, Barman Fire Works and if your lucky Good DJ music is present.  edit
  • Home Inn (Daqiuzhuang Town) (如家快捷酒店 (天津静海大邱庄店); Rújiākuàijiéjiǔdiàn (Tiānjīn Jìnghǎidàqiūzhuāng Diàn)), 8 Huangshan Road, Daqiuzhuang Town, Jinghai County (静海县大邱庄镇黄山路8号; Jìnghǎixiàn Dàqiūzhuāngzhèn Huángshānlù), +86 22 23008388 (fax: +86 22 23008389). Rooms with free internet. Business center and laundry service available. Chinese restaurant. Listed rates for doubles from ¥169, discounted from ¥113, breakfast ¥12.  edit
  • Home Inn (Tianjin Gulouxima Road) (如家快捷酒店 (天津鼓楼西马路店); Rújiākuàijiéjiǔdiàn (Tiānjīn Gǔlóuxīmǎlù Diàn)), Jiaokou, Yujiutianmiao Lane, Xinanjuexiguan Avenue, Nankai District (南开区西南角西关大街与九天庙胡同交口; Nánkāiqū Xīnánjuéxīguāndàjiē Yújiǔtiānmiàohútòng Jiāokǒu). Listed rates for doubles from ¥139, discounted from ¥119.  edit
  • Tianjin First Hotel, 158 Jie Fang North Road (Just across from the Hyatt and newly built Hisense Plaza), +86 22 330 9988 (fax: +86 22 312 3000). Built in 1922, the rooms have high ceilings and a bit of a classic feel. In room internet can be had for ¥10 per day. Staff English ability is a bit low. ¥270 and up.  edit
  • Astor Hotel, 33 Taierzhuang Road, +86 22 23311688. The Astor Hotel in Tianjin was regarded as a major national historical relic preservation project. It combines British classic architectural style with modern amenities. It is comprised of two wings, be sure to check out one of the rooms in the old wing for a true Old World experience. The lobby can pass as a history museum lined with murals, plaques and other interesting finds.  edit
  • Tianjin Crystal Palace Hotel, 28 Youyi Road, Hexi District, +86 22 28356888. You will not be able to miss this hotel, which looks like two beached cruise ships butted up against a lake. Has a good variety of features and amenities, but its location is a bit out of the way from downtown.  edit
  • Dickson Hotel, 18 Binshui Avenue. Four star hotel located in an ideal location, within easy access to the business and entertainment areas. The hotel provides Chinese and Western cuisine as well as offering a gym, jacuzzi and gift shop.  edit
  • Hyatt Regency Tianjin, 219 Jiefang North Road (City centre, on the banks of the Hai River), +86 22 23301234 (), [2]. The hotel is currently closed for renovations.  edit
  • Sheraton Hotel, Zijinshan Road, Hexi District, +86 22 23343388. The Sheraton provides luxurious relaxation in every one of its 296 rooms.  edit
  • Teda International Club, 7-2 Fukang Road, Nankai District, +86 22 23005555. International 5 star hotel that is nicely decorated and equipped with modern facilities. All rooms are equipped with air-conditioning, satellite TV, IDD telephone, internet access, mini bar and 24 hour room service.  edit
  • Renaissance Tianjin, 105 Jianshe Road, Heping District, +86 22 23026888. Offering deluxe accommodations and superior facilities, it has a pool and fitness centre and meeting facilities.  edit
  • Tianjin Balitai Post Office (天津八里台), Weijin Rd, No. 215 District (Opposite The Gate of Nankai University), 23378621.

Stay safe

General Emergencies: 医科大学第一中心医院,医科大学第三医院, 滨江医院.

Traditional Medicine: 天津中医科院第一医院.

Ocular Emergencies: Tianjin Medical University Eye Centre (TMUEC) 天津医科大学眼科中心.

Routes through Tianjin
Beijing  W noframe E  TangshanHarbin
Beijing  W noframe S  DezhouShanghai


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary


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Proper noun



Tianjin Tianjin

  1. A city and municipality, in the People's Republic of China, located on the shores of the Bohai Sea


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