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Tiberius Julius Rhescuporis I, also known as Rhescuporis I (flourished 1st century, died 90) was a prince and Roman Client King of the Bosporan Kingdom. The Bosporan Kingdom was the longest surviving known Roman Client Kingdom.

Rhescuporis I was the son and only child born to Roman Client King Tiberius Julius Cotys I and his wife Queen Eunice. Rhescuporis I was of Persian, Greek and Roman ancestry. His paternal uncle was a previous King of the Bosporan Tiberius Julius Mithridates. Cotys I named Rhescuporis I, after Rhescuporis II, a Thracian prince and king, who was a paternal uncle of his maternal grandfather.

Through his paternal grandmother the late Bosporan Queen Gepaepyris, Rhescuporis I was a descendant of the Roman Triumvir Mark Antony and his second wife paternal cousin Antonia Hybrida Minor (the second daughter of Roman Republic Politician Gaius Antonius Hybrida, Antony‘s paternal uncle), thus was related to various members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Also through Gepaepyris, he was a descendant of Roman Client Rulers Polemon I of Pontus, Pythodorida of Pontus and Cotys VIII of Thrace.

Through his paternal grandfather the late Bosporan Roman Client King Tiberius Julius Aspurgus, Rhescuporis I was a descendant of Greek Macedonian Kings Antigonus I Monophthalmus, Antipater and Seleucus I Nicator. These three men served under King Alexander the Great. An earlier ancestor of Rhescuporis I’, King Mithridates II of Pontus had married the Syrian Greek Princess of the Seleucid Empire Laodice, who was the sister of Syrian Greek King Seleucus II Callinicus and a paternal aunt to Syrian Greek King Antiochus III the Great.

Very little is known on the life of Rhescuporis I. His royal title on coins is ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΡΗΣΚΟΥΠΟΡΙΔΟΣ or King Rhescuporis. In 63 for unknown reasons, the Roman Emperor Nero disposed Cotys I from his throne. His fate afterwards is unknown. The Bosporan Kingdom was a Roman Province from 63-68. In 68, Rhescuporis I was able to restore Bosporan Kingdom as a client kingdom from the new Roman Emperor Galba. Rhescuporis I was able to make the Bosporan Kingdom stable and semi-independent once more. The Bosporan Kingdom was able to continue their trade with Anatolia. He was a contemporary of the ruling Flavian dynasty and particularly Domitian.

Rhescuporis I reign as King until 90. Rhescuporis I married an unnamed woman and from this marriage had a son called Tiberius Julius Sauromates I, who succeed Rhescuporis I. Through Sauromates I, Rhescuporis I would have various descendants on the Bosporan throne until the 4th century. Among his descendants, he would have various kings who bore his name.

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