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Repubblica e Cantone Ticino
Flag of Canton of Tessin.svg Wappen Tessin matt.svg
Map of Switzerland, location of Ticino highlighted
Coordinates 46°19′N 8°49′E / 46.317°N 8.817°E / 46.317; 8.817Coordinates: 46°19′N 8°49′E / 46.317°N 8.817°E / 46.317; 8.817
Capital Bellinzona
Largest city Lugano
Population 328,580 [1]
 - Density 117 /km² (303 /sq mi)
Area  2,812 km² (1,086 sq mi)
Highest point 3,402 m (11,161 ft) - Adula (Rheinwaldhorn)
Lowest point 195 m (640 ft) - Lake Maggiore
Joined 1803
Abbreviation TI
Languages Italian
Executive Consiglio di Stato (5)
Legislative Gran Consiglio (90)
Municipalities 176 municipalities
Districts 8 distretti
Website TI.ch

Canton Ticino or Ticino (Italian pronunciation: [tiˈtʃiːno]; German: Tessin [teˈsiːn]; see also other names) is the southernmost canton of Switzerland. Named after the Ticino river, it is the only canton in which Italian is the sole official language. Ticino borders the Canton of Uri to the north, Valais to the west (through the Novena Pass), Graubünden to the northeast, Italy's regions of Piedmont and Lombardy to the south and it surrounds the small Italian exclave of Campione d'Italia. Together with areas of the canton of Graubünden it makes up the so-called Italian Switzerland.

Contents

History

In ancient times, the area of what is today Ticino was settled by the Lepontii, a Celtic tribe. Later, probably around the rule of Augustus, it became part of the Roman Empire. After the fall of the Western Empire, was ruled by the Ostrogoths, the Lombards and the Franks. Around 1100 it was the centre of struggle between the free communes of Milan and Como: in the 14th century it was definitively acquired by the Visconti, Dukes of Milan. In the fifteenth century the Swiss Confederates conquered the valleys south of the Alps in three separate conquests.

The Canton of Uri conquered the Leventina Valley in 1440.[2] Between 1403 and 1422 some of these lands were already annexed by forces from Uri, but subsequently lost. In a second conquest Uri, Schwyz and Nidwalden gained the town of Bellinzona and the Riviera in 1500.[2] Some of the land and the town Bellinzona itself were previously annexed by Uri in 1419 but lost again in 1422. The third conquest was fought by troops from the entire Confederation (at that time constituted by 12 cantons). In 1512 Locarno, the Maggia Valley, Lugano and Mendrisio were annexed. Subsequently, the upper valley of the Ticino River, from the St. Gotthard to the town of Biasca (Leventina Valley) was part of Canton Uri. The remaining territory (Baliaggi Ultramontani, Ennetbergische Vogteien, the Bailiwicks Beyond the Mountains) was administered by the Twelve Cantons. These districts were governed by bailiffs holding office for two years and purchasing it from the members of the League.[2]

Ticinese franco, currency of Ticino until the introduction of the Swiss franc in 1850.

The lands of the canton of Ticino are the last lands to be conquered by the Swiss Confederation. The Confederation gave up any further conquests after their defeat at the battle of Marignano in 1515 by Francis I of France. The Val Leventina revolted unsuccessfully against Uri in 1755.[2] In February 1798 an attempt of annexation by the Cisalpine Republic was repelled by a volunteer militia in Lugano. Between 1798 and 1803, during the Helvetic Republic, the districts of Bellinzona and Lugano were separate cantons, but in 1803 the two were unified to form the canton of Ticino that joined the Swiss Confederation as a full member in the same year.[2] During the Napoleonic Wars, many Ticinesi (as was the case for other Swiss) served in Swiss military units allied with the French.

Until 1878 the three largest cities, Bellinzona, Lugano and Locarno, alternated as capital of the canton. In 1878, however, Bellinzona became the only and permanent capital.

The current constitution dates from 1997. The previous constitution, heavily modified, dates from 1830, nearly 20 years before the constitution of actual Swiss Confederation.[3]

Geography

Hamlet of Brunescio on the left flank of Vallemaggia

The canton of Ticino is located in the south of Switzerland. It is almost entirely surrounded by Italy which lies to its east, west and south. To the north lie the cantons of Valais and Uri, to the northeast the canton of Graubünden.

Its area is 2,812 square kilometers (1,086 sq mi), of which about three quarters are considered productive.[1] Forests cover about a third of the area, but also the lakes Maggiore and Lugano make up a considerable part of the total area. These lakes are known with the above listed names, but are officially named Lake Verbano and Lake Ceresio.

The canton is split geographically in two parts by the Monte Ceneri pass. The northern, more mountainous part, called Sopraceneri, is formed by the two major Swiss valleys around the lake Maggiore: Ticino valley and Maggia valley. The southern part, called Sottoceneri, is the region around the Lake Lugano.

The River Ticino is the largest river in the canton. It drains most of the canton, flowing from the northwest through the Bedretto valley and the Leventina valley to enter Lake Maggiore near Locarno. Its main tributaries are the Brenno in the Blenio valley and the Moesa in the Mesolcina valley in Graubünden. The lands of the canton are shaped by the river, which in its mid portion forms a wide valley, commonly known as the Riviera.

The western lands of the canton, however, are drained by the Maggia River. The Verzasca valley is located between the Ticino river and the Maggia river. There is also a smaller area that drains directly into the Lake Lugano. Most of the land is considered within the Alps (Lepontine Alps), but a small area is part of the plain of the River Po which drains the north of Italy.

As a result of its more southerly position it is one of the warmest cantons in Switzerland. Additionally, Ticino is prone to fierce storms and has the highest level of lightning discharge in the whole of Europe.

Government

Palace of the Ticinese government in Bellinzona

The current Constitution of the Republic and Canton of Ticino, originating from a draft approved on 18 August 1801 during the Helvetic Republic,[4] was approved on 14 December 1997.[5] In its preamble, it states that it was created by the Ticinese people (popolo) "in order to guaranty peaceful life together with respect for the dignity of man, fundamental liberties and social justice (...) faithful to its historic task to interpret Italian culture within the Helvetic Confederation".[5]

The Gran Consiglio is the legislative authority of the canton, exercising sovereignty over any matter not explicitly delegated by the constitution to another authority.[5] The Gran Consiglio has 90 members called deputati (deputies), elected in a single constituency using the proportional representation system.[5] Deputies serve four-year terms, and annually nominate a President and two Vice-Presidents. The Gran Consiglio meets in Bellinzona, the cantonal capital.[5]

The five-member Council of State (Italian: Consiglio di Stato), not to be confused with the federal Council of States, is the executive authority of the canton, and it directs cantonal affairs according to law and the constitution. Each year, the Council of State nominates its president, who is not re-electable.[5] The current president of the Council of State is Gabriele Gendotti.[6]

Political subdivisions

Districts

Districts of Canton Ticino

The Canton of Ticino is divided into 8 districts:

Municipalities

There are 176 municipalities in the canton (as of April 2009). These municipalities (comuni) are grouped in 38 circoli (circles or sub-districts) which are in turn grouped into districts (distretti). Since late 1990 there is an ongoing project to aggregate some municipalities.

Demographics

A view of Lugano, the largest city in Ticino

The population of the canton is 328,580 (2007) of which 82,794 (or 25.2%) are foreigners.[7] The population density (in 2005) is 114.6 persons per km2.[1] As of 2000, 83.1% of the population spoke Italian, 8.3% spoke German and 1.7% spoke Serbo-Croatian.[1] The population (as of 2000) is mostly Roman Catholic (76%) with a Protestant (7%) minority.[8]

The official language, and the one used for most written communication, is Swiss Italian. Despite being very similar to standard Italian, Swiss Italian presents some differences to the Italian spoken in Italy due to the presence of French and German from which it assimilates words. Insubric dialects (Ticinese) are still spoken, especially in the valleys, but they are not used for official purposes.

Economy

Swisscom Telecommunications headquarters in Bellinzona, designed by Mario Botta

Tertiary sector workers make up 76.5% of the Ticinese workforce, compared to the Swiss average of 67.1%. Commerce (23.1%), tourism (10.1%) and financial activities (3.9) are all important for the local economy, while the contribution from agriculture and fishing is marginal, employing 6.5% of the workforce on a Swiss average of 15.4%.[9]

Ticino is Switzerland's third largest financial center after Zurich and Geneva.[10] The banking industry alone has 8,400 employees and generates 17% of the gross cantonal product.[10] Because of Ticino's shared language and culture, its financial industry has very close ties to Italy.[10] In 2008, Ticino had an unemployment rate of 5%, higher than in rest of Switzerland, where it was estimated at 3.4%, and particularly high for foreigners (over 8%).[11]

Frontalieri, commuter workers living in Italy (mostly in the provinces of Varese and Como) but working regularly in Ticino, form a large part (over 20%) of the workforce, far larger than in the rest of Switzerland, where the rate is below 5%. Foreigners in general hold 44.3% of all the jobs, again a much higher rate than elsewhere in the Confederation (27%).[12] Frontalieri are usually paid less than Swiss workers for their jobs, and tend to serve as low-cost labor.[13]

Italy is by far Ticino's most important foreign trading partner, but there's a huge trade deficit between imports (5 billion CHF) and exports (1.9 billion).[14] Many Italian companies relocate to Ticino, either temporarily or permanently, seeking lower taxes and an efficient bureaucracy:[15] just as many Ticinese entrepreneurs doing business in Italy complain of red tape and widespread protectionism.[16]

Transport

The Gotthard Base Tunnel, currently under construction, will be the longest tunnel in the world[17]

There are several tunnels underneath the Gotthard Pass connecting the canton to northern Switzerland: the first to be opened was the 15 kilometers (9 mi) long Gotthard Rail Tunnel in 1882, replacing the pass road, connecting Airolo with Göschenen in the Canton of Uri.[18] A 17 km (11 mi) motorway tunnel, the Gotthard Road Tunnel, opened in 1980.[19] A second rail tunnel through the pass, the Gotthard Base Tunnel, is currently under construction. When completed, it will be the longest tunnel in the world,[17] reducing travel time between Zürich and Lugano to 1 hour 40 minutes.[17]

Treni Regionali Ticino Lombardia (TiLo), a joint venture between the Italian Ferrovie dello Stato and the Swiss Federal Railways launched in 2004, manages the traffic between the regional railways of Lombardy and the Ticinese S-Bahn Canton Ticino via a S-Bahn system.[20]

The Regional Bus and Rail Company of Canton Ticino provides the urban and suburban bus network of Locarno, operates the cable cars between Verdasio and Rasa, and between Intragna – Pila – Costa on behalf of the owning companies, and, together with an Italian company, the Centovalli and Vigezzina Railway which connects the Gotthard trans-Alpine rail route at Locarno with the Simplon trans-Alpine route.

Lugano Airport is the busiest airport in southern Switzerland, serving some 200,000 passengers a year.[21]

Education

There are two major centres of education and research located in the canton of Ticino. University of the Italian Switzerland (USI, Università della Svizzera Italiana) is the only Swiss university teaching in Italian. The University of Applied Sciences of Italian Switzerland (SUPSI, Scuola Universitaria Professionale della Svizzera Italiana), in Manno on the other hand is a professional training college focused on a practical method of teaching in the areas of applied art, economy, social work, technology and production science.[10]

There is also a small American and Swiss accredited private college, Franklin College Switzerland, located above Lugano, as well as The American School in Switzerland in Collina d'Oro, a K-13 international school accepting day and boarding students.

Culture

There are four daily Italian-language newspapers published in Ticino: Corriere del Ticino, laRegione Ticino, Giornale del Popolo and Il Grigione Italiano.

The city of Locarno is host to the Locarno International Film Festival, Switzerland's most prestigious film festival.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Federal Department of Statistics (2008). "Regional Statistics for Ticino". http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/regionen/regionalportraets/tessin/blank/kennzahlen.html. Retrieved 2008-11-23.  
  2. ^ a b c d e "Switzerland". Encyclopædia Britannica. 26. 1911. pp. 933–4. http://books.google.com/books?id=UoxAwrVzc88C&pg=PA933. Retrieved 2008-10-23.  
  3. ^ The Constitution of Ticino
  4. ^ "Il Canton Ticino si appresta a festeggiare i suoi 200 anni" (in Italian). swissinfo. 2001-08-20. http://www.swissinfo.ch/ita/archive.html?siteSect=883&sid=793622&ty=st. Retrieved 9 July 2009.  
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Constitution of the Republic and Canton of Ticino" (in Italian). Federal Authorities of the Swiss Confederation. 1997-12-14. http://www.admin.ch/ch/i/rs/131_229/index.html. Retrieved 9 July 2009.  
  6. ^ "Il Consiglio di Stato - Potere esecutivo" (in Italian). Portal of the Canton Ticino. http://www3.ti.ch/POTERI/sw/esecutivo/. Retrieved 9 July 2009.  
  7. ^ Federal Department of Statistics (2008). "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeit, Geschlecht und Kantonen" (Microsoft Excel). http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/themen/01/02/blank/key/raeumliche_verteilung/kantone__gemeinden.html. Retrieved 2008-11-05.  
  8. ^ Federal Department of Statistics (2004). "Wohnbevölkerung nach Religion" (Interactive Map). http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/themen/01/05/blank/key/religionen.html. Retrieved 2009-01-15.  
  9. ^ "Aziende per settore e sezione di attività economica" (in Italian). Ufficio di statistica. 2008-01-15. http://www.ti.ch/dfe/ustat/DATI_SINTESI/documenti/11_Aziende.pdf. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  
  10. ^ a b c d "Ticino". United States Commercial Service. 2007-03-14. http://www.buyusa.gov/switzerland/en/ticino.html. Retrieved 2008-11-06.  
  11. ^ "Disoccupati iscritti e non e tasso di disoccupazione" (in Italian). Ufficio di statistica. 2009-07-01. http://www.ti.ch/dfe/ustat/DATI_SINTESI/documenti/5_Disoccupati.pdf. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  
  12. ^ "Occupati stranieri e frontalieri" (in Italian). Ufficio di statistica. 2009-07-01. http://www.ti.ch/dfe/ustat/DATI_SINTESI/documenti/4_Occupati_stranieri_e_frontalieri.pdf. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  
  13. ^ Frontalieri in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  14. ^ "Commercio estero". Ufficio di statistica. 2009-07-01. http://www.ti.ch/dfe/ustat/DATI_SINTESI/documenti/14_Commercio_estero.pdf. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  
  15. ^ "Seicento ditte italiane in fuga verso il Ticino" (in Italian). Il caffè. 2009-07-05. http://epaper2.caffe.ch/ee/ilca/_main_/2009/07/05/005/article12.jpg. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  
  16. ^ "In Italia c'è ancora troppa burocrazia" (in Italian). Il Caffè. 2009-07-05. http://epaper2.caffe.ch/ee/ilca/_main_/2009/07/05/005/article8.jpg. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  
  17. ^ a b c "Alp Transit 2016: verso nuovi equilibri territoriali" (in Italian). Portal of Canton Ticino. 2006-10-20. http://www.ti.ch/dt/discorsi/2006/10202006_Convegno_AlpTransit_2016.pdf. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  
  18. ^ Hans-Peter Bärtschi: Gotthardbahn in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland. Version of 2004-07-29.
  19. ^ Gotthard Pass - The traffics from the late 19th century to the present in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  20. ^ "TILO: un primo bilancio positivo". Portal of Canton Ticino. http://www.ti.ch/DT/dstm/sm/Temi/Tilo/doc/TILO_bilancio_2007.pdf. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  
  21. ^ "Airport traffic statistics". Airports Council International. 2005-12-06. http://www.airports.org/aci/ACI%20LAC/File/Downloads/Worldwide%20Airport%20Traffic%20Report_Sep.2005.pdf. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  

Bibliography

  • Marcello Sorce Keller,“Canton Ticino: una identità musicale?”, Cenobio, LII(2003), April-June, pp. 171-184; also later published in Bulletin - Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Musikethnologie und Gesellschaft für die Volksmusik in der Schweiz, October 2005, pp. 30-37.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Aerial view of Lake Lugano
Aerial view of Lake Lugano

Ticino [1] is an italian speaking region in Switzerland. It's in the south of the country, it bords on Valais, Uri, Graubunden ant on the north of Italy

Walk
Walk
Locarno International film festival
Locarno International film festival
  • Bellinzona - the capital of the canton.
  • Lugano- is the only real city in the canton, with a pleasant waterfront, stunning lake views and steep hillsides.
  • Locarno
  • Ascona- known sometimes as the Swiss Riviera.
  • Mendrisio
  • Chiasso -the last town in Switzerland, is surrounded on three sides by Italy
  • Bellinzona e Alto Ticino
  • Lago di Lugano
  • Lago Maggiore e Valli
Rural houses
Rural houses

Ticino has a full range of accommodations including hotels, holiday houses, hostels, huts, campsites and agritourism stays.

Bus in Morcote
Bus in Morcote
  • Ticino Turismo, Via Lugano 12, Bellinzona, tel. +41 (0)91 825 70 56, fax: +41 (0)91 825 36 14, info@ticino.ch, [2].

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Singular
Ticino

Plural
-

Ticino

  1. An Italian-speaking canton of Switzerland.

Synonyms

  • the canton of Ticino

Translations

  • Dutch: Kanton Ticino
  • Esperanto: Ticino
  • French: Tessin
  • German: Kanton Tessin
  • Italian: Il Canton Ticino

Simple English

Canton Ticino or Ticino ([ti'tʃiːno]; French and German: Tessin [te'sɛ̃] and [te'si:n]) is the southernmost canton of Switzerland. The written language is Italian in almost the entire canton (except the Walser municipality of Bosco Gurin, where it is German). It surrounds the Italian exclave of Campione d'Italia. Together with areas of the canton of Graubünden it makes up the so-called Svizzera Italiana (Italian Switzerland). Lombard dialects (Ticinese) are still spoken, especially in the valleys, but they have no official status. It is named after the Ticino river.

Contents

Geography

File:Lake
Lake Lugano
File:Lago Maggiore (San Carlo).JPG
Lago Maggiore from San Carlo Statue in Arona

The canton of Ticino is located in the south of Switzerland. It is almost entirely surrounded by Italy which lies to its east, west and south. To the north lie the cantons of Valais and Uri, to the northeast the canton of Graubünden.

Its area is 2,812 km², of which about three quarters are considered productive. Forests cover about a third of the area, but also the lakes Maggiore and Lugano make up a considerable part of the total area. These lakes are known with the above listed names, but are officially named Lake Verbano and Lake Ceresio.

The canton is split geographically in two parts by the Monte Ceneri pass. The northern, more mountainous part, called Sopraceneri, is formed by the two major Swiss valleys around the lake Maggiore: Ticino Valley and Maggia Valley. The southern part, called Sottoceneri, is the region around the Lake Lugano.

The River Ticino is the largest river in the canton. It drains most of the canton, flowing from the northwest through the Bedretto Valley and the Leventina valley to enter Lake Maggiore near Locarno. Its main tributaries are the Brenno in the Blenio Valley and the Moesa in the Mesolcina Valley in Graubünden. The lands of the canton are shaped by the river, which in its mid portion forms a wide valley, commonly known as the Riviera.

The western lands of the canton, however, are drained by the Maggia River. The Verzasca Valley is located between the Ticino river and the Maggia river. There is also a smaller area that drains directly into the Lake Lugano. Most of the land is considered within the Alps, but a small area is part of the plain of the River Po which drains the north of Italy.

History

In ancient times the area of what is today Ticino was settled by the Lepontii, a Celtic tribe. Later, probably around the rule of Augustus, it became part of the Roman Empire. After the fall of the Western Empire, was ruled by the Ostrogoths, the Lombards and the Franks. Around 1100 CE it was the centre of struggle between the free communes of Milan and Como: in the 14th century it was definitively acquired by the Visconti, Dukes of Milan. In the 15th century the Swiss Confederates conquered the valleys south of the Alps in three separate conquests.

The Canton of Uri conquered the Leventina Valley in 1440. Between 1403 and 1422 some of these lands were already annexed by forces from Uri, but subsequently lost. In a second conquest Uri, Schwyz and Nidwalden gained the town of Bellinzona and the Riviera in 1500. Some of the land and the town Bellinzona itself were previously annexed by Uri in 1419 but lost again in 1422. The third conquest was fought by troops from the entire Confederation (at that time constituted by 12 cantons). In 1512 Locarno, the Maggia Valley, Lugano and Mendrisio were annexed. Subsequently, the upper valley of the Ticino River, from the St. Gotthard to the town of Biasca (Leventina Valley) was part of Canton Uri. The remaining territory (Baliaggi Ultramontani, Ennetbergische Vogteien, the Bailiwicks Beyond the Mountains) was administered by the Twelve Cantons.

The lands of the canton of Ticino are the last lands to be conquered by the Swiss Confederation. (After the battle of Marignano in 1515 the king of France Francis I defeated the Confederates, and they gave up any further conquests.) In February 1798 an attempt of annexation by the Cisalpine Republic was repelled by a volunteer militia in Lugano. Between 1798 and 1803, during the Helvetic Republic, the districts of Bellinzona and Lugano were separate cantons, but in 1803 the two were unified to form the canton of Ticino that joined the Swiss Confederation as a full member in the same year. During the Napoleonic Wars, many Ticinese (as was the case for other Swiss) served in Swiss military units allied with the French.

Until 1878 the three largest cities, Bellinzona, Lugano and Locarno, alternated as capital of the canton. In 1878, however, Bellinzona became the only and permanent capital.

The current constitution[1] dates from 1997. The previous constitution, heavily modified, dates from 1830, nearly 20 years before the constitution of actual Swiss Confederation.

Government

The cantonal parliament is the Grand Council (Italian: Gran Consiglio), with 90 members and the government (Consiglio di Stato) has 5 members (Consiglieri di Stato). In the both councils the members are elected with the proportional electoral system. The canton sends two deputies to the Swiss Council of States (upper house), and eight deputies to the National Council (lower house). It's regional capitol is Bellinzona.

Agriculture

The main agricultural production is wine, mostly merlot, a type of red wine. It is followed by horticulture, milk and cheese production.

Economy

The hilly slopes of the canton are used extensively for the production of hydroelectricity. The electricity produced is used at home and sold for export. There is cattle breeding in the northern areas. The production of wine is important in the canton and exported to mainly other areas in Switzerland. The vineyards are mostly concentrated in the southern half of the canton where the climate is warmer. Other agricultural produce includes corn (maize), potatoes, tobacco and vegetables.

The weather in the canton is often inverse to that north of the Alps. This, and a warmer climate in general, attracts many tourists from other Swiss cantons. The lakes together with the sunshine are considered attractive. Tourism is the single most important economic factor in the canton.

There is also light industry, mostly concentrated around the three largest towns of Lugano, Locarno and Bellinzona.

The canton is well connected to the rest of Switzerland. There are tunnels underneath the Gotthard massive, both for rail and road. The canton of Grisons (Graubünden) is connected with a direct coach link, whereas the canton of Valais is connected by rail through a tunnel at the Simplon Pass. There are good rail links to Milan and Rome in Italy as well as Germany via Basel and Zürich.

Because of the tourist trade there are a number of small railways in scenic areas in the mountains. Winter sports is important, despite being less developed.

There are two major centres of education and research located in the canton of Ticino. The University of Italian speaking Switzerland (USI, Università della Svizzera Italiana) is the only Swiss university teaching in Italian. The University of Applied Sciences of Italian speaking Switzerland (SUPSI, Scuola Universitaria Professionale della Svizzera Italiana) on the other hand is a professional training college focused on a practical method of teaching in the areas of applied art, economy, social work, technology and production science.

Three daily newspapers are published in Ticino: Corriere del Ticino, La Regione, and Giornale del Popolo. These represent the only Italian daily publications in Switzerland.

Language

The official language, and the one used for most written communication, is Italian. In oral communication Western Lombard (Ticinese) varieties, although receding in favour of Italian (especially in the cities of Lugano, Ascona and Locarno and among the younger generations), are still well preserved. These are further subdivided into local variations, with the northern valleys speaking a dialect more closely aligned with Romansch, Switzerland's fourth official language. There is a certain amount of popular literature (poems, comedies, etc.) in Ticinese, and the national radio and televisions trasmit regularly program in Ticinese (mainly comedies).

Religion

The population is mostly Roman Catholic (75%) or Protestant (7%). About 2% each are Orthodox or Muslim.

Districts

[[File:|thumb|right|200px|An old 1905-1910 photograph of Lugano by Prokudin-Gorskii]]The Canton of Ticino is divided into 8 districts (distretti) and 38 circles (circoli):

Municipalities

There are 195 municipalities in the canton (as of February 2006). These municipalities (comuni) are grouped in 38 circoli (circles or sub-districts) which are in turn grouped into districts (distretti). Since late 1990 there is an ongoing project of group some municipalities together (as they are small).

Other pages

(None of the articles yet written)

  • Corriere del Ticino
  • Giornale del Popolo
  • laRegione Ticino
  • Tessiner Zeitung
  • Azienda Elettrica Ticinese

Other websites

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