Tiergarten: Wikis

  
  

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For the homonymous urban park, see Großer Tiergarten. For the railway station, see Berlin Tiergarten.
Tiergarten
Quarter of Berlin
Panorama of Großer Tiergarten park
Panorama of Großer Tiergarten park
Coat of arms of Tiergarten
Tiergarten is located in Germany
Tiergarten
Coordinates 52°31′00″N 13°22′00″E / 52.5166667°N 13.3666667°E / 52.5166667; 13.3666667
Administration
Country Germany
State Berlin
City Berlin
Borough Mitte
Basic statistics
Area 5.17 km2 (2.00 sq mi)
Elevation 52 m  (171 ft)
Population 12,486  (30 June 2009)
 - Density 2,415 /km2 (6,255 /sq mi)
Founded 2001
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate B
Postal codes (nr. 0104) 10557, 10785, 10787
Location of Tiergarten in Mitte district and Berlin
Map

Tiergarten (German for Animal Garden) is a locality within the borough of Mitte, in central Berlin (Germany). Famous for the great and homonymous urban park, before German reunification, it was a part of West Berlin. Until Berlin's 2001 administrative reform, Tiergarten was also the name of a borough, consisting of the current Bezirk of Tiergarten (formerly called Tiergarten-Süd) plus Hansaviertel and Moabit. A new system of road and rail tunnels runs under the park towards Berlin's Central Station in nearby Moabit.

Contents

History

Historical notes

The Rousseau Island in the Großer Tiergarten, early 19th century engraving
St Matthew Church

Once a hunting ground of the Electors of Brandenburg the Großer Tiergarten park of today was designed in the 1830s by landscape architect Peter Joseph Lenné. At its center the Siegessäule (Victory Column) was erected from which avenues radiate. In 1894 the Reichstag building by architect Paul Wallot opened as the seat of the German parliament. The lawn between the contemporary Haus der Kulturen der Welt (House of World Cultures) and the Reichstag building was the site of the Krolloper opera house, built in 1844, which served as parliament house after the Reichstag fire on 27 February 1933 and was demolished by air raids in 1943.

On 15 January 1919 the socialist Karl Liebknecht was shot by Freikorps soldiers within the park near the lake Neuer See. The corpse of Rosa Luxemburg, murdered on the same day, was found in the nearby Landwehrkanal on 1 June 1919.

The first Institut für Sexualwissenschaft (Institute for Sex Research) of Magnus Hirschfeld was situated at the former In den Zelten street, near the contemporary Haus der Kulturen der Welt, from 1919 until it was closed by the Nazis in 1933.

After 1944 the park was largely deforested, because it served as a source of firewood for the devastated city. In 1945, the Soviet Union built a war memorial along the Straße des 17. Juni, the Tiergarten's main east-west artery, near the Brandenburg Gate.

Tiergarten today

Luiseninsel in autumn

The locality houses many parliamentary and governmental institutions, among others the Bundestag in the Reichstag building and the new German Chancellery. The residence of the German President, Schloss Bellevue and the Carillon are also located in the Tiergarten park. It contains several notable sculptures including the four-tiered Victory Column (Siegessäule), the Bismarck Memorial and several other memorials to prominent Prussian generals, all of which were located in the ceremonial park facing the Reichstag before they were moved to their present location by the Nazis. In addition, the tree-lined pedestrian avenues emanating from the Victory Column contain several ceremonial sculptures of Prussian aristocrats enacting an 18th century hunt.

The Brandenburg Gate and the Potsdamer Platz are situated on the eastern rim of the locality, the former frontier between East and West Berlin. Nearby is the Kulturforum stretching from the Berliner Philharmonie, a 1963 concert hall by architect Hans Scharoun and home of the Berlin Philharmonic orchestra to the Neue Nationalgalerie built by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in 1968. In between are the neoclassical Saint Matthew Church, built in 1845 by Friedrich August Stüler, the Gemäldegalerie as well as the new branch of the Berlin State Library (Staatsbibliothek). A villa that stood in the place of the bus station next to the Berliner Philharmonie at Tiergartenstraße No. 4 was the seat of the Nazi killing of disabled persons (euthanasia) program Action T4. A memorial marks the site.

View in the Tiergarten.

The adjacent area between the park and the Landwehrkanal is home to Emil Fahrenkamp's 1932 Shell-Haus, numerous embassies and the Bendlerblock, where in 1944 Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg and the conspirators of the July 20 plot were shot by a firing squad. Today the building serves as second office of the Federal Ministry of Defence. Nearby are the headquarters of the Christian Democratic Party, the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and Friedrich Ebert Foundation academies as well as the Bauhaus Archive and the high schools Französisches Gymnasium and Canisius-Kolleg. The adjacent western area at the border to Charlottenburg houses the Berlin Zoo.

At the Victory Column and the Straße des 17. Juni the Love parade from 1996-2003 and 2006 took place as well as the German Live 8 concert on 2 July 2005. Since 1987, the annual Berlin Marathon starts here.

On 24 July 2008, Barack Obama spoke at the Victory Column in front of a crowd of over 200,000 people.

Großer Tiergarten

The park "Großer Tiergarten", simply known as Tiergarten is, with its 210 hectares, the largest urban park of Berlin.

Notes

External links

Coordinates: 52°31′N 13°22′E / 52.517°N 13.367°E / 52.517; 13.367


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Tiergarten

Wikipedia de

Contents

German

Etymology

Compound of Tier "animal" + Garten "garden.

Noun

Tiergarten m. (genitive Tiergartens, plural Tiergärten)

  1. zoo (lit. "animal garden")
  2. a district of Berlin, Germany

Synonyms

  • Zoo m., zoologischer Garten m.







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